Village of Stevensville, MI
Berrien County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. of 11-23-2004, § 15.1]
The minimum amount of required off-street parking spaces for a new building or uses or additions thereto and additional floor or use area in existing buildings or uses shall be determined in accordance with the following (when the application of a unit of measurement for parking spaces, any fraction under 1/2 shall be disregarded, and fractions of 1/2 and over shall be counted as one parking space):
Use
Minimum parking spaces required
Dwellings
2 for each family unit
Lodginghouses, roominghouses and boardinghouses
1 for each 3 guest rooms or each 6 beds for guests, whichever amount is greater
Private clubs and lodges
1 for each 5 active members and 1 for each employee with a minimum of 1 for each 150 square feet of floor area
Hospitals
1 for each 3 beds and 1 for every 3 employees
Sanitariums or convalescent or nursing homes
1 for each 3 beds
Homes for aged, orphanages or asylums
1 for each 5 beds
Hotels
1 for each 3 guest rooms
Motels, bed and breakfast
1 for each sleeping room
Theaters, auditoriums, stadiums
1 for each 4 seats
Dance halls, assembly halls and convention halls without fixed seats
1 for each 100 square feet of floor area open to the public
Bowling alleys
3 for each alley
Private, elementary and junior high schools
2 for each 3 employees normally engaged in or about the building and grounds
Senior high schools and institutions of higher learning
2 for each 3 employees normally engaged in or about the buildings and grounds, and 1 additional for each 10 students enrolled in the institution
Churches
1 for each 4 seats in the main worship unit
Libraries, museums and post offices
1 for each 100 square feet of floor area
Professional offices and buildings
1 for each 150 square feet of floor area
Restaurant and nightclubs
1 for each 100 square feet of floor area
Medical doctors office
1 for each 100 square feet and 1 for each employee
Banks, business offices and public buildings not specifically mentioned elsewhere
1 for each 150 square feet of floor area
Mortuaries or funeral homes
1 for each 100 square feet of floor area used for services
Retail stores, supermarkets, department stores, billiards or pool rooms, personal service shops
1 for each 100 square feet of floor area in the basement and in the first floor used for retail sales and 1 for each 200 square feet of floor area on the second floor used for retail sales and 1 for each 400 square feet of floor area of any additional floors used for retail sales
Manufacturing buildings and/or business offices and/or research laboratories and/or other facilities related, but not necessarily connected to a manufacturing or industrial building
1 for each employee on the maximum shift or peak employment period
Other uses not specifically mentioned
In the case of buildings which are used for uses not specifically mentioned, those provisions for off-street parking facilities for a use which is so mentioned and to which said use is similar in terms of parking demand shall apply
Mixed uses in the same building
In the case of mixed uses in the same building, the amount of parking space for each use specified shall be provided and the space for 1 use shall not be considered as providing required spaces for any other use except as to churches and auditoriums incidental to public and parochial schools permitted herein
[Ord. of 11-23-2004, § 15.2]
Provision of common parking facilities for several uses in the same vicinity is encouraged. In such cases, the total space requirement is the sum of the individual requirements at the same time of day.
[Ord. of 11-23-2004, § 15.3]
(a) 
Off-street parking facilities shall be located as hereafter specified; when a distance is specified it shall be the walking distance measured from the nearest point of the parking facility to nearest normal entrance to the building or use that such facility is required to serve. Property owners shall be responsible to have at all times maintained the minimum standards herein set forth.
(1) 
For all residential buildings and for all nonresidential buildings and uses in residential zones, required parking shall be provided on the premises with the building or use they are required to serve.
(2) 
For commercial and all nonresidential buildings and uses in business zones, required parking shall be provided within 300 feet of the building or use they are required to serve.
(3) 
For industrial buildings or uses, required parking shall be provided within 1,000 feet of the buildings or uses they are required to serve.
[Ord. of 11-23-2004, § 15.4]
Each off-street parking space shall have an area of not less than 180 square feet, exclusive of access drives or aisles, and shall be a minimum of nine feet in width.
[Ord. of 11-23-2004, § 15.5]
Floor area shall mean the gross floor area of all floors of a building or an addition to an existing building. For all office buildings and for any other building where the principal use thereof shall include the basement, the basement floor area shall be included except that part which contains heating and cooling equipment and other basic utilities.
[Ord. of 11-23-2004, § 15.6]
Parking area shall include access drives within the actual parking area, and shall be limited in use to motor vehicles.
[Ord. of 11-23-2004, § 15.7]
(a) 
All parking areas shall meet the following requirements:
(1) 
All driveways and parking areas shall be provided with pavements having an asphalt or Portland cement binder and so graded and drained to dispose of all surface water accumulated within the area. Surface water shall not be drained to collect and/or pool on the public right-of-way.
(2) 
If the parking area fronts the structure it serves, the required front yard shall be landscaped with lawn and low shrubbery clumps, and a transition strip shall be provided and maintained between the parking area and the adjoining property, consisting of a solid planting of evergreen trees at least five feet tall and 12 feet wide, within the transition strip.
(3) 
Parking areas shall have all entrances and exits in commercial or industrial zones, except parking areas in residential zones.
(4) 
Lighting for parking areas in or adjoining residential zones shall be directed away from residential areas.
(5) 
Parking areas in residential zones shall contain no signs except those to identify exit, entrance and conditions of use and shall not exceed one square foot in area and lighted only by a shielded light not exceeding 100 watts and shall be used solely for the parking of passenger automobiles.
[Ord. of 11-23-2004, § 15.6]
(a) 
For every building or addition to an existing building hereafter erected to be used for manufacturing, storage, display of goods, retail store or block of stores of over 10,000 square feet, wholesale store, market, hotel, hospital, mortuary, laundry, dry cleaning or other similar uses requiring the receipt or distribution, in vehicles, of materials or merchandise, there shall be provided and maintained on the same premises with such building or addition off-street loading spaces in relation to floor area as follows:
(1) 
Up to 20,000 square feet: one space.
(2) 
Twenty thousand to 50,000 square feet: two spaces.
(3) 
Fifty thousand to 100,000 square feet: three spaces.
(4) 
One additional space for each additional 100,000 square feet or fraction thereof.
(b) 
Each such loading space shall be at least 10 feet in width, 25 feet in length and 14 feet in height scaled to delivery vehicles expected to be used. No such space shall be located closer than 50 feet to any lot in any residence district unless wholly within a completely enclosed building or enclosed on all sides by a wall or a uniformly appointed solid board or masonry fence of uniform appearance not less than six feet in height or by a transition strip as defined in this chapter.