[Ord. 2124, 4/12/2004, § 1]
The Township of Ross hereby elects to administer and enforce the provisions of the Pennsylvania Construction Code Act, Act 45 of 1999, 35 P.S. §§ 7210.101 — 7210.1103, as amended from time to time, and its regulations.
[Ord. 2124, 4/12/2004, § 2]
The Uniform Construction Code, contained in 34 Pa. Code, Chapters 401 — 405, as amended from time to time, is hereby adopted and incorporated herein by reference as the municipal building code of the Township.
[Ord. 2124, 4/12/2004, § 3]
Administration and enforcement of the Code within the Township of Ross shall be undertaken in any of the following ways as determined by the Board of Commissioners of this Township from time to time by resolution:
By the designation of an employee of the Township to serve as the municipal code official to act on behalf of the Township.
By the retention of one or more construction code officials or third-party agencies to act on behalf of the Township.
By agreement with one or more other municipalities for the joint administration and enforcement of this Act through an intermunicipal agreement.
By entering into a contract with another municipality for the administration and enforcement of this Act on behalf of the Township.
By entering into an agreement with the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry for plan review, inspections and enforcement of structures other than one-family or two-family dwelling units and utility and miscellaneous use structures.
[Ord. 2124, 4/12/2004, § 4]
Board of Appeals shall be established by resolution of the Board of Commissioners of this Township in conformity with the requirements of the relevant provisions of the code, as amended from time to time, and for the purposes set forth therein. If at any time enforcement and administration is undertaken jointly with one or more other municipalities, said Board of Appeals shall be established by joint action of the participating municipalities.
[Ord. 2124, 4/12/2004, § 5; as amended by Ord. 2288, 4/12/2010]
All building code ordinances or portions of ordinances which were adopted by this Township on or before July 1, 1999, and which equal or exceed the requirements of the code shall continue in full force and effect until such time as such provisions fail to equal or exceed the minimum requirements of the code, as amended from time to time, specifically requiring an automatic sprinkler system for all new or renovated commercial structures greater than 5,000 square feet per floor (Exception: existing church sanctuaries and nave areas); requiring an automatic fire detection system in all new or renovated structures greater than 3,000 square feet; requiring smoke and heat vents in all new or renovated one-story commercial structures greater than 7,500 square feet; and requiring an automatic sprinkler system for all child day care facilities greater than six children.
All building code ordinances or portions of ordinances which are in effect as of the effective date of this Part and whose requirements are less than the minimum requirements of the Code are hereby amended to conform with the comparable provisions of the Code.
All relevant ordinances, regulations and policies of this Municipality not governed by the Code shall remain in full force and effect.
[Ord. 2124, 4/12/2004, § 6]
Fees assessable by the Township for the administration and enforcement undertaken pursuant to this Part and the code shall be established by the Board of Commissioners by resolution from time to time.
[Added by Ord. No. 2399, 7/17/2017]
The Building Code Official shall issue a certificate of occupancy to an uncertified building if it meets the requirements of the latest version of the International Existing Building Code or Chapter 34 of the International Building Code, and the Building Code Official shall utilize the code for the municipality which, in his professional judgment, he deems to best apply.
The Building Code Official may deny the issuance of a certificate of occupancy if the official deems that a building is unsafe because of inadequate means of egress, inadequate lighting and ventilation, fire hazards or other dangers to human life or to public welfare.
The Building Code Official shall issue a certificate of occupancy to an uncertified building if that building meets the requirements of this section.
An uncertified building shall comply with the following:
Maximum story height, minimum allowable construction type based on floor area, vertical opening and shaft protection, means of egress requirements of the International Building Code pertaining to minimum number of exits, maximum travel distances to exits, means of egress illumination, minimum egress widths and heights for exit doors, exit stairs, exit ramps and exit corridors. Waivers shall be as follows:
The Department may waive requirements for minimum egress widths and heights for exits, exit access doors, exit ramps and exit corridors if the Department determines that any nonconforming openings provide sufficient width and height for building occupants to pass through or egress the building.
The Department may waive any requirements under this subsection if:
The Department determines a requirement to be technically infeasible; or
A waiver shall be documented on the certificate of occupancy.
Firesafety requirements of the International Building Code with respect to fire alarms, fire extinguishers, heat and smoke detectors, automatic sprinkler systems and occupancy and incidental use separations. If the code requires that a building have automatic sprinkler systems, the only buildings required to install automatic sprinkler systems shall be those buildings classified in Use Groups E (educational), H (high-hazard), I (institutional), R-1 or R-2 (residential) and those buildings which have occupied floors more than 75 feet above the lowest level of Fire Department access. Buildings in Use Groups R-1 and R-2 which do not have occupied floors more than 75 feet above the lowest level of Fire Department access may, instead of installing automatic sprinkler systems, install hard-wired, interconnected heat and smoke detectors located in all lobbies, corridors, equipment rooms, storage rooms and other spaces that are not normally occupied. If construction began on a building prior to May 19, 1984, there is no requirement for the installation of automatic sprinkler systems under this subsection. If construction of a building began after May 18, 1984, automatic sprinkler installation required under this subsection shall be completed within five years of the effective date of this subsection, or an occupancy permit issued under this subsection shall be invalid. Waivers shall be as follows:
A waiver shall be documented on the certificate of occupancy.
Accessibility requirements as follows:
If construction of a building began before September 1, 1965, no accessibility requirements shall be imposed.
If construction of a building began after August 31, 1965, and before February 18, 1989, and if the building was subject to the requirements of the former Act of September l, 1965 (P.L. 459, No. 235), entitled "An act requiring that certain buildings and facilities adhere to certain principles, standards and specifications to make the same accessible to and usable by persons with physical handicaps, and providing for enforcement," it shall have:
At least one accessible entrance;
An accessible route from the accessible entrance to any public spaces on the same level as the accessible entrance; and
If toilet rooms are provided, at least one accessible toilet room for each sex or a unisex toilet room, complying with the accessibility requirements of the International Building Code.
If construction of the building began after February 17, 1989, all accessibility requirements of the International Building Code shall be met.
Structural requirements shall not be imposed unless the Department determines that the building or a portion of the building has defects which are dangerous as defined in the International Existing Building Code. The Department may impose only those requirements minimally necessary to remove any danger to the building's occupants.
A building owner may file an application for a variance from this subsection concerning accessibility with the advisory board under § 5-106. A building owner may file an application for a variance from this subsection concerning other standards. The application must be filed with the Industrial Board if any of the following apply:
The building is located in a municipality where the Department has jurisdiction.
The building is a state-owned building. As used in this subsection, the term "state-owned building" means a building owned or constructed for commonwealth entities consisting of the General Assembly, the Unified Judicial System, the Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency, an executive agency, an independent agency and a state-affiliated entity or state-related institution, as defined in 62 Pa.C.S.A. § 103 (relating to definitions).
A building subject to this subsection shall be permitted to maintain its current occupancy as long as the owner demonstrates reasonable efforts to comply with this section.
An uncertified building which was built before April 27, 1927, shall be deemed a certified building for purposes of this section.
[Ord. 2297, 5/24/2010, § 1]
A certain document, three copies of which are on file in the offices of Ross Township, being marked and designated as the International Property Maintenance Code, 2009 edition, as published by the International Code Council, be and is hereby adopted as the Property Maintenance Code of Ross Township, in the state of Pennsylvania for regulating and governing the conditions and maintenance of all property, buildings and structures; by providing standards for supplied utilities and facilities and other physical things and conditions essential to ensure that structures are safe, sanitary and fit for occupation and use; and the condemnation of buildings and structures unfit for human occupancy and use, and the demolition of such existing structures as herein provided; providing for the issuance of permits and collection of fees therefore; and each and all regulations, provisions, penalties, conditions and terms of said Property Maintenance Code on file in the offices of Ross Township are hereby referred to, adopted, and made a part hereof, as if fully set out in this Part, with the additions, insertions, deletions and changes prescribed in § 5-202 of this Part.
[Ord. 2297, 5/24/2010, § 2]
The 2009 International Property Maintenance Code is hereby amended as set forth herein:
101.1 Title. These regulations shall be known as the "Property Maintenance Code of the Township of Ross," hereinafter referred to as "this code."
102.3 Application of other codes. Repairs, additions or alterations to a structure, or changes of occupancy, shall be done in accordance with the procedures and provisions of the International Building Code, International Fuel Gas Code, International Mechanical Code and the NFPA 70. Nothing in this code shall be construed to cancel, modify or set aside any provision of the Ross Township Zoning Ordinance.
103.1 General. The Building Inspection Department is hereby created and the executive official in charge thereof shall be known as the code official.
103.5 Fees. The fees for activities and services performed by the department in carrying out its responsibilities under this code shall be as indicated in the following schedule: Res. 1983, Ross Township fee schedule, enacted July 13, 2009, as amended by resolution from time to time by the Ross Township Board of Commissioners.
110.5 Permit for demolition. The applicant for a permit to demolish or remove any building, structure, part thereof or appurtenance thereto shall satisfy the code official that such demolition or removal shall be done in a manner as to prevent any hazard to adjoining properties or to any persons using any public thoroughfare abutting upon the property on which the building or structure is situated. The code official shall have the authority to require that any barricade or other safeguard deemed necessary be erected and maintained in a safe condition during the progress of the work, If, after demolition of a building or structure or part thereof, any depression on the lot may be deemed to constitute a hazard to life or limb, the code official shall have the authority to require such depression to be filled or otherwise made safe or barricaded in such a manner as to eliminate such hazard. If, after the issuance of a permit to demolish or remove a building, structure, part thereof or appurtenance thereto, it is found that the work or demolition or removal is not being performed in a safe manner, the code official shall have authority to revoke such permit. Any work of demolition or removal performed after such revocation shall be a violation of this code and subject to the penalties of § 106.4.
110.6 Notification by owner. As a condition for the issuance of a demolition permit, the owner or the owner's agent shall give written notice to the owners of adjoining properties and to the owners of any property whose utility services must be temporarily shut, removed or affected because of the proposed demolition work.
110.7 Service connections. Before a structure is demolished or removed, the owner or agent shall notify all utilities having service connections within the structure, such as water, electric, gas, sewer and other connections. A permit to demolish or remove a structure shall not be issued until a release is obtained from the utilities, stating that their respective service connections and appurtenant equipment, such as meters and regulators, have been removed or sealed and plugged in a safe manner.
110.8 Lot Regulations. Whenever a structure is demolished or removed, the premises shall be maintained free from all unsafe or hazardous conditions by the proper regulation of the lot, restoration of established grades and the erection of the necessary retaining walls and fences In accordance with the provisions of Chapter 33 of the 2009 International Building Code.
201.3 Terms defined in other codes. Where terms are not defined in this code and are defined in the International Building Code, International Fire Code, Ross Township Zoning Ordinance, International Plumbing Code amended by the Allegheny County Department of Health, Article XV, Plumbing Code, International Mechanical Code or NFPA 70, such terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them as in those codes.
Section 202 General Definitions, Rubbish. Combustible and noncombustible waste materials, except garbage. The term shall include the residue from the burning of wood, coal, coke and other combustible materials, paper, rags, cartons, boxes, wood, excelsior, rubber, leather, tree branches, yard trimmings, tin cans, metals, mineral matter, rubble, scrap, building materials or supplies, glass, crockery and dust and other similar materials.
302.4 Weeds. All premises and exterior property shall be maintained free from weeds or plant growth in excess of 10 inches. All noxious weeds shall be prohibited. Weeds shall be defined as all grasses, annual plants and vegetation, other than trees or shrubs; provided, however, this term shall not include cultivated flowers and gardens.
302.8 Motor vehicles. Except as provided for in other regulations, no inoperative or unlicensed or not currently inspected motor vehicle, trailer or other equipment shall be parked, kept or stored on any premises, and no vehicle shall at any time be in a major disassembly, disrepair, or in the process of being stripped or dismantled. Painting of vehicles is prohibited unless conducted inside an approved spray booth.
304.1.2 Required inspections. All buildings or structures shall be inspected by a licensed professional engineer or registered architect to determine structural soundness of the items covered in §§ 304.4, 304.5, 304.6, 304.7, 304.8, 304.9, 304.10 and 304.11 when required by the code official. These reports shall bear the signature and raised seal of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania design professional submitting the report.
304.3 Premises identification. All buildings shall have approved address numbers placed on both sides of any mailbox located at the curbside of any street. If there is no mailbox located at the curbside, all buildings shall have approved address numbers placed in a position to be plainly legible and visible from the street or road fronting the property. These numbers shall contrast with their background. Address numbers shall be Arabic numerals only. Numbers shall be a minimum of four inches (102 mm) high with a minimum stroke width of 0.5 inch (12.7 mm).
304.7 Roofs and drainage. The roof and flashing shall be sound, tight and not have defects that admit rain. Roof drainage shall be adequate to prevent dampness or deterioration in walls or interior portion of the structure. Roof drains, gutters and downspouts shall be maintained in good repair and free from obstructions. Roof water shall not be discharged in a manner that creates a public nuisance. The discharge shall also be done in a manner that promotes evapotranspiration and infiltration at the site. Where possible, discharge shall be directed to rain gardens (bioretention systems), bioswales, rain barrels and/or infiltration sumps. If the discharge is from an existing roof leader, sheet flow discharge to large lawn areas, the natural waterway or to hill sides not having substantial neighboring development may be appropriate with the approval of the code official or building inspector.
304.14 Insect screens. During the period from April 1 to October 1, every door, window and other outside opening required for ventilation of habitable rooms, food preparation areas, food service areas or any areas where products to be included or utilized in food for human consumption are processed, manufactured, packaged or stored, shall be supplied with approved tightly fitting screens of not less than 16 mesh per inch (16 mesh for 25mm) and every screen door used for insect control shall have a self-closing device in good working condition.
502.5 Public toilet facilities. Public toilet facilities shall be maintained in a safe sanitary and working condition in accordance with the International Plumbing Code amended by the Allegheny County Department of Health, Article XV, Plumbing Code. Except for periodic maintenance or cleaning, public access and use shall be provided to the toilet facilities at all times during occupancy of the premises.
505.1 General. Every sink, lavatory, bathtub or shower, drinking fountain, water closet or other plumbing fixture shall be properly connected to either a public water system or to an approved private water system. All kitchen sinks, lavatories, laundry facilities, bathtubs and showers shall be supplied with hot or tempered and cold running water in accordance with the international Plumbing Code amended by the Allegheny County Department of Health, Article XV, Plumbing Code.
602.2 Residential occupancies. Dwellings shall be provided with heating facilities capable of maintaining a room temperature of 68° F. (20° C.) in all habitable rooms, bathrooms and toilet rooms in accordance with the Allegheny County Health Department, Article VI, Houses and Community Environment, § 629. Cooking appliances shall not be used to provide space heating to meet the requirements of this section.
602.3 Heat Supply. Every owner and operator of any building who rents, leases or lets one or more dwelling unit or sleeping unit on terms, either expressed or implied, to furnish heat to the occupants thereof shall supply heat during the period from October 1 to May 1 to maintain a temperature of not less than 68° F. (20° C.) in all habitable rooms, bathrooms and toilet rooms.
602.4 Occupiable work spaces. Indoor occupiable work spaces shall be supplied with heat during the period from October 1 to May 1 to maintain a temperature of not less than 65° F. (18° C.) during the period the spaces are occupied.
The Township of Ross also adopts Appendix A in its entirety.
[Ord. 2297, 5/24/2010, § 5]
Nothing in this Part or in the Property Maintenance Code hereby adopted shall be construed to affect any suit or proceeding impending in any court, or any rights acquired, or liability incurred, or any cause or causes of action acquired or existing, under any act or ordinance hereby repealed as cited by this Part; nor shall any just or legal right or remedy of any character be lost, impaired or affected by this Part.