[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Bridgman as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
[Adopted 9-26-1988 by Ord. No. 99.2 (Ch. 307.000 of the 1999 Compiled Ordinances)]
The City of Bridgman hereby determines that it is necessary to provide regulations governing the storage, collection, handling, transporting and disposal of all the garbage, trash and rubbish and other waste materials within the City of Bridgman in order to ensure and protect the public health and safety.
For the purpose of this article, the following definitions shall apply:
- BUILDERS' OR CONTRACTORS' REFUSE
- Includes all form of refuse generated as a result of building construction, alterations or repairs made by contractors or tradesmen. This type of materials is expressly excluded under this article and the collection and disposal of this type of material shall remain the liability of the contractor or owner.
- Includes animal, fruit and vegetable waste materials resulting from the handling, preparation, cleaning and consumption of foods and foodstuffs in kitchens, stores, markets, hotels, restaurants and other places where food is stored, sold, cooked, or consumed.
- Includes any individual, firm, copartnership or corporation.
- POLLUTED WASTE
- Those pollutants or combination of pollutants, including disease-causing agents which upon exposure, ingestion, inhalation or assimilation into any organism, either directly or indirectly from the environment or indirectly by ingestion through food chains, will, on the basis of information available to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency of the United States of America, or the Director of the Department of Natural Resources of the State of Michigan, cause death, disease, behavioral abnormalities, cancer, genetic mutations, physiological malfunctions or deformations, in such organisms or their offspring.
- TRASH OR RUBBISH
- As used herein shall be deemed to include all waste materials classified as follows:
- A. Waste material resulting from the usual routine of housekeeping, except garbage, including, but not by way of limitation, such articles as tin cans, tinware, ashes, porcelainware, bottles, glassware, earthenware, small automobile parts and other metallic substances ordinarily discarded by householders.
- B. Newspapers (if tied in bundles), cardboard boxes (if collapsed and tied), rags, leather, rubber goods and wastepaper (if bundled).
No owner, tenant or lessee of any public or private premises shall be permitted to accumulate upon his premises any garbage, trash or rubbish, refuse or waste materials, including yard wastes, unless it is placed and maintained in containers for regular collection and stored as follows:
Containers for garbage. All containers used for garbage shall be of substantial construction, provided with handles and a tightly fitted cover. They shall have a capacity of not more than 20 gallons and shall not weigh more than 50 pounds when filled.
Broken containers. Containers that are broken or fail to meet the requirements of this article may be classified as rubbish and, after notice to the owner, collected as such.
Dumpsters. Multifamily units, commercial and industrial properties shall be permitted to use self-loading containers, provided the same are of substantial construction and designed to prevent the scattering of materials stored therein. All self-loading containers shall be located in a screened storage area accessible for disposal, but out of the sight of public access.
Storage. All containers used for disposal of waste shall be stored in screened areas not visible from the public right-of-way.
It shall be unlawful for any person other than collectors authorized by the City Council of the City of Bridgman to collect, handle or interfere in any manner with garbage, trash and rubbish or refuse containers.
The waste materials collected by the City, whether under contract with a licensed contractor or through its own City Department, shall be limited to garbage, trash and rubbish as those items are defined under this article. The City shall not collect builders or contractors refuse, excess yard waste or polluted waste.
All garbage, trash and rubbish collected by the City, whether under contract with a licensed contractor or through its own City Department, shall be set out, properly bundled and in proper containers as provided by this article, in plain view along the street or alley, readily accessible to collectors on such designated collection days as may be specified by the City Council of the City of Bridgman.
Waste containers placed in the street or alley shall be promptly removed therefrom by such owners, tenant, lessee or occupant after same shall have been emptied.
All commercial (except apartment buildings), business and industrial establishments shall make their own independent arrangements for the removal of excess garbage, trash and rubbish exceeding four twenty-gallon containers per week. All apartment buildings, commercial and industrial establishments utilizing dumpsters shall make independent arrangements for removal of refuse.
No owner, tenant, lessee or occupant shall permit garbage, trash or rubbish to stand along the street or alley waiting for collection for a continuous period in excess of two days.
The following provisions shall apply to any rubbish in the City of Bridgman:
Burning and burying. No person shall throw garbage, trash or rubbish upon the ground or bury the same on any premises, public or private, nor shall any person burn any garbage, trash, or rubbish without a permit from the Fire Chief. Nothing in this article shall prohibit the proper composting of organics by private citizens. "Organics" shall be defined as grass clippings, leaves, brush, branches, other landscape trimmings, clean wood, and some plant-derived food processing by-products and food-soiled paper products.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
Depositing and scattering. No person, firm or corporation shall deposit or scatter any garbage, trash or rubbish on any public street, alley or private or public property anywhere in the City of Bridgman.
Cleanliness. It shall be the duty of every owner, tenant, lessee or occupant of any residence, apartment building, commercial or industrial building, having garbage, trash or rubbish material to provide for and have within said building or on said premises, storage containers of sufficient size to handle the accumulation of garbage, trash or rubbish on the premises during the intervals between collections of same. In all cases where the collections of excess quantities of commercial or industrial garbage, trash or rubbish are not taken care of by the City, such accumulations shall be promptly disposed of by private contract to the end that the premises and grounds are always kept in a clean, neat, sanitary and orderly condition.
Transportation of all garbage, trash and rubbish through streets, alleys or thoroughfares within the City limits shall be handled in such manner so as not to create a nuisance, and all collection vehicles shall have completely enclosed, watertight bodies.
Residential collections. The City Hall provides for collection from each residence all garbage, trash and rubbish as herein defined if properly placed for collection by the householder. Householders shall place all garbage and rubbish in proper containers as required by this article, except that items which will not conveniently fit inside a proper container will be collected if tied securely in bundles not exceeding four feet in length; provided, however, that any type of refuse not capable of being conveniently loaded into a packer-type truck will not be collected. Discarded Christmas trees will be collected each year, from residents, if cut in lengths not exceeding four feet.
Commercial and industrial collections. The City shall collect from each business, commercial or industrial establishment garbage, trash and rubbish if properly placed for collection by the owner or occupant of the building; subject, however, to the following volume limitations: the City will not collect more than four twenty-gallon capacity containers or the equivalent thereof per week. Commercial, business or industrial garbage, trash or rubbish in excess of the above limitations shall be regularly collected or caused to be collected and disposed of by the proprietor or occupant of the place of business using same at his own expense in a lawful manner. It is expressly provided that the owner, proprietor or occupant of the place of business shall make his separate and independent negotiations with the then-existing contractor who has the contract with the City for the picking up of garbage, trash and rubbish.
Collection times. All garbage and refuse containers must be placed properly for collection no later than 7:30 a.m. on the day scheduled for collection. Containers shall be removed from such location within a reasonable time after refuse has been collected by the City contractor. All collections will be made between the hours of 7:30 a.m. and 7:30 p.m. No collections will be scheduled for any Saturday or Sunday.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
Any person, firm or corporation who violates any of the provisions of this article shall, in addition to the other provisions of this article, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not more than $500 or by imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed 90 days or by both such fine and imprisonment. Each day of violation continued to exist shall constitute a separate offense.