Township of Pequannock, NJ
Morris County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
For the purposes of this chapter, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them by this section:
APPROVED
Approved by the Public Works Director.
FIXED RATES
The rates or prices to be charged for the use of water based upon the uses or utilities in use and not measured by a water meter.
MAIN
Any pipe, other than a supply pipe or service pipe, used for conveying water or distributing it in the Township.
METER RATES
The rates or prices to be charged for the quantity of water consumed, as measured by a water meter, or estimated where no water meter is used.
OWNER
Any person actually owning any property or premises supplied or prospectively to be supplied with the Township water or his duly authorized agent. In the absence of instructions from the owner or his agent to the contrary, the occupant of any property or premises will be held to be the agent of the owner, in so far as his relation to the water department may be concerned with respect to water uses.
PREMISES
A dwelling unit occupied by one family only, together with the land connected therewith and such outbuildings as are used exclusively in connection therewith, or a singular room or building occupied for business or other purposes by one person, organization, association, firm or corporation.
SERVICE PIPE
The pipe extending from the curb stop into privately owned land for supplying the premises with water.
SUPPLY PIPE
A pipe tapped into the main and extended thence to and including the curb stop or valve on the curbline of the street.
All water mains, service and supply pipes, water meters and corporation and curb stops of the Water Department are under the exclusive control of the Township and its authorized agents or representatives. No other person shall disturb, tap, change, obstruct access to or interfere with them in any way.
The Water Department's jurisdiction and responsibility ends at the curb stop, and the Water department will, in no case, be liable for damages caused by water running from open or faulty fixtures, or from broken or damaged pipes beyond the Water Department's curb stop.
All water pipes and fixtures shall be placed at least four feet underground to ensure against freezing.
Where water is desired, application shall be made to the water department on a proper application signed by the owner of the premises on forms furnished by the Water Department, which application shall specify the size of service connection desired, the property to be served, the legal owner thereof and the purpose for which the water is to be used. The information supplied by the applicant on such application shall be considered as authoritative and final. If any error in such information shall cause the service connection to be installed of a wrong size or at a wrong location, the cost of all changes required shall be borne by the applicant.
No more than one service connection shall be installed for a customer, except under special conditions. A service connection shall not be used to supply adjoining property of a different owner or to supply property of the same owner across a street or alley.
A temporary service connection will be installed at the expense of the customer upon receipt of a deposit covering the estimated cost of such connection. If the cost for making such connection is less than the amount deposited, the difference will be refunded, and if more, the difference will be billed.
All agreements covering water supply shall continue in force from year to year, unless notice in writing is given to either party to terminate the contract.
A. 
No water may be used for any purpose or upon any premises not stated or described in the application for water service.
B. 
The owner shall be liable for the amount of water used in conformity with the schedule or rates of the Water Department.
A. 
Every service connection installed by the Water Department shall be equipped with a curb stop near the curbline for the exclusive use of the Water Department in controlling the water supply through the service connection pipe. If the curb stop is damaged by the customer's use to an extent requiring replacement, such replacement shall be at the customer's expense.
B. 
All pipes or fixtures extending or lying beyond the curb stop shall be installed and maintained by the owner of the property under the supervision of the Plumbing Subcode Official.
The tapping of a water main shall be done and the corporation stop and couplings, the service lines from main to curb, curb stop and coupling and curb box shall be furnished and placed by the Water Department or its agent at the expense of the owner at a cost to be fixed by the Township.
Application for permission to open a Township street for the purpose of making a water connection shall be made in accordance with Chapter 160. Application for permission to open a County or State street shall be made to the appropriate agency.
[Amended 8-12-2008 by Ord. No. 2008-23; 5-26-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-11]
The following charges shall be made for installation of water service:
A. 
Main to curb stop.
(1) 
Three by four inch service from main to curb stop: $650 per installation, plus $25 per square yard for pavement restoration.
(2) 
One inch service from main to curb stop: $650 per installation, plus $25 per square yard for pavement restoration.
(3) 
One and 1/2 inch, two, three, and four inch service from main to curb stop: $650 per installation, plus $25 per square yard for pavement restoration.
(4) 
Charges from main to curb stop shall be for the materials and services furnished in accordance with 182.01.110.
B. 
Meter, yoke and turn-on.
(1) 
Three-fourth-inch meter, yoke and turn-on: $278.
(2) 
One-inch meter, connections and turn-on: $282.
(3) 
One-and-one-half-inch meter, flanges and turn-on: $520.
(4) 
Two-inch meter, flanges and turn-on: $618.
(5) 
Three-inch meter, flanges and turn-on: $1,032.
(6) 
Four-inch meter, flanges and turn-on: $1,175.
C. 
Additional charges. An additional charge may be made for the removal or replacement of pavement or frozen ground. Applicants shall be advised of such additional charge and the amount thereof before the work of installation is begun. The restoration of lawns, driveways and other appurtenances shall be the responsibility of the property owner.
The connections at a water meter shall be arranged so that the Water Department will not be required to do any pipe fitting, but will merely have to connect the meter by means of unions. Pipe connections shall be placed so that the meter and unions can be installed by the Water Department.
The Water Department shall have the right of access to the owner's premises at reasonable times for the purposes of reading meters or inspecting appliances used in connection with the supply of water service, or for the removal of its property at the time service is to be terminated. The customer should not permit access to the water meter and other appliances of the Water Department except by authorized employees of the Water Department.
In case of defective water service, customers should not interfere with the apparatus belonging to the Water Department, but should immediately notify the proper officers to have defect should immediately notify the proper officers to have the defect remedied.
Excessive or unnecessary use of waste of water, whether caused by carelessness or by defective or leaky plumbing or fixtures, is prohibited, even where the service is metered. When this rule has been violated, the Water Department may turn off the water at any time.
When the water has been turned off by the Water Department for any reason, no person shall turn it on again without permission of the Water Department. When this section is violated, the water may be turned off at the curb stop, in which case the owner shall, before it is again turned on, pay in advance the charge of the Water Department therefor.
A. 
Water service may be discontinued for any of the following reasons:
(1) 
For the use of water for any other property or purpose than that described in the application for service.
(2) 
For the willful waste of water through improper or imperfect pipes, fixtures or otherwise.
(3) 
For failure to maintain, in good order, connections, service lines or fixtures owned by the applicant.
(4) 
For molesting any service pipe, meter, curb stop or seal or any other appliance of the Water Department.
(5) 
In case of vacancy of premises.
(6) 
For nonpayment for water service or any other charges accruing under the application.
(7) 
For refusal of reasonable access to property for purpose of inspecting or for reading, caring for or removing meters.
B. 
Service will be renewed under a proper application when the conditions under which such service was discontinued are corrected, and upon the payment of all proper charges provided in the schedule of rated and charges of the Water Department, due from the applicant.
A. 
The provisions of this article and any other ordinances, rules, regulations and water rates adopted by the Township Council shall be considered a part of the contract with each person supplied with water through the water system of the Township, any such person taking water shall be considered to express his assent thereto and be bound thereby. All permits for the use of water shall be granted upon the express condition that if for any cause the supply of water should fail, be restricted, regulated or discontinued, the Township shall not be held responsible for any damages which shall be claimed of the Township for any such causes.
B. 
All applications for service connection of water shall be required to accept such conditions of pressure and service as are provided by the distributing system at the location of the proposed service connection and to hold the Water Department harmless for any damages arising out of low pressure or high pressure conditions or interruption of service.
No owner connected to the water system shall disconnect from said system.
Water charges begin when the meter is installed and continue until written notice has been given of the chance of ownership. When such change of ownership takes place, the new owner must sign a new application.
[Amended 3-24-1998 by Ord. No. 98-06; 4-27-1999 by Ord. No. 99-7; 2-22-2000 by Ord. No. 2000-02; 3-25-2008 by Ord. No. 2008-05; 7-28-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-18; 11-24-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-25; 3-22-2011 by Ord. No. 2011-09]
The following rates are hereby established for consumption of water from Township water mains:
A. 
Consumption Raters per Thousand Gallons.
Year
First 30,000 Gallons per Quarter
Over 30,000 Gallons per Quarter
2011
$3.50
$4.20
2012
$4
$4.80
B. 
Account Service Charge. In addition to the Consumption Billing, each water customer shall be billed a quarterly meter charge as follows: $5.
C. 
Charges for Multi-Unit Buildings Supplied through a Single Meter. Multi-unit Buildings serviced by a single meter will be subject to the same rates established in Section A. The threshold for charging the higher tiered rate shall be calculated by multiplying the number of individual units through the meter by 30,000 gallons. The higher tiered rate shall be charged for consumption in excess of the calculated amount.
Water accounts that service multi-unit buildings through a single meter will be charged an Account Service Charge calculated to be the number of units served through the meter multiplied by the Account Service Charge established in Section B.
D. 
New Connection. All new water connections shall be charged a connection fee of $1,246 per dwelling unit. For each successive year the connection fee shall be recalculated as follows. All prior costs for principal and interest on debt plus direct capital expenditures as of December 31, of the previous year divided by the total single-family dwelling units plus the total equivalent single-family dwelling units for commercial, apartment, condominium and not-for profit users as of December 31. This shall be calculated annually by the Chief Financial Officer of the Township no later than March 31 of the succeeding year.
In addition, any off site capital expenses not required by existing users but necessary for the supply of water service to the new users shall be added to the connection fee identified above. The capacity/connection fee will be levied and collected at the time the building permit is issued.
E. 
Bulk Water/Wholesale Water Rate to other Municipal Utilities. The following rate schedule is hereby established for the bulk sale of water to other municipally owned water utilities and bulk commercial customers who consume in excess of 3,000,000 gallons per month. Bulk water delivered under this paragraph shall be billed monthly. The rate is per thousand gallons.
Year
First 5,000,000 Gallons Per Month
Over 5,000,000 Gallons Per Month
2009
$3.70
$3.80
2010
$4
$4.40
2011
$4.40
$4.80
A. 
All contractors using water for building and construction repair work shall apply for a temporary construction connection. The contractor will be furnished a meter by the Water Department which shall be attached to a service pipe or fire hydrant and rates shall be charged to conform to the meter rates established by 182-23, but the minimum charge in all cases shall be as follows:
Use
Minimum Charge
Private house
$12
Factory
$75
Hotel
$40
School
$75
Tavern
$40
Garage
$12
Store
$12
B. 
A $100 deposit for the temporary meter and appurtenant connections shall be paid by the contractor and shall be refunded after removal of the temporary connection.
C. 
There shall be a charge of $15 for the turning on and off of water on any premises.
[Amended 7-28-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-18; 10-27-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-24]
A. 
Swimming pools may be filled from fire hydrants upon application to the Water Department by the owner. Hoses and a meter will be supplied by the Water Department and fire hydrants shall only be operated by Water Department personnel. A fee of $80 shall be charged.
B. 
The Township Council may, by resolution, set the charge for all other water rates of a special nature.
C. 
No charge will be issued for Municipally owned Recreation Facilities. Water used by Municipally owned recreation Facilities connected to the water system through a metered connection shall be recorded, but not billed.
For the purpose of making and collecting charges for Township water used by the consumer, the calendar year shall be subdivided and designated as follows: The year period shall begin on January 1 and end on December 31; the quarterly periods shall begin on the first day of January, April, July and October, respectively, and shall extend to the beginning of the succeeding quarterly period.
Under ordinary conditions, continuous service water meters shall be read on or about the first day of the beginning of a new quarter. Water meters installed for miscellaneous service may be read at the discretion of the Water Department.
The Township Council may, by resolution, establish meter reading districts or changes in the yearly and quarterly periods to provide for the progressive reading, billing and collecting of water charges.
Unless the applicant for water service specifies otherwise, the bills will be mailed or delivered to the premises where water service if furnished. If the applicant so desires, the Water Department will mail or deliver the bills to the business or home address of the applicant or his agent. Failure to receive bills or notices is no excuse for nonpayment of water bills.
[Amended 10-27-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-24]
A. 
Charges for water supplied at meter rates for any quarterly period or fractional part thereof will be dated on the last day of such period or on the day when the water is turned off and are due and payable on the day when dated.
B. 
All charges for water are a lien upon the premises or property on account of which the charge is incurred until paid and satisfied. Such charges shall be paid within 30 days after the date of bill.
C. 
If not so paid, interest from the expiration of such period of 30 days, at the rate of 8%, will be added and collected with such charge, and the water may be turned off from such premises if not paid.
Where water is supplied at meter rates, all the water registered by the meter will be charged for and no deduction will be made for leaks.
[Added 8-22-2006 by Ord. No. 2006-17]
A. 
The Water Department shall not discontinue water service for nonpayment of bills in cases where a charge is in dispute, provided the undisputed charges and bills are paid in an amount at least equal to the average of the last four previous quarters of billed charges and a formal request is made to the Water Department for an investigation of disputed charge. Once a formal dispute is filed, and the average payment is made, all collection activity on the disputed charge shall cease until such time as the dispute is resolved. When a dispute as to a charge is resolved, the Water Department shall provide seven days' written notice by certified mail before water service is discontinued for nonpayment of charges and/or bills. Any charge for water service that is not disputed within a nine-month period after being billed shall not be subject to dispute and shall be considered accurate and valid.
B. 
A dispute to a charge for water provided is provided is perfected when a customer files with the Water Department a completed dispute form, which shall be provided by the Water Department upon request. Once a completed dispute form is filed, the Water Department shall retain a copy of the form and transmit the original to the Township Chief Financial Officer, and the Water Department shall cease all collections regarding the disputed charge pending resolution of dispute.
C. 
Within 20 days of a dispute being filed regarding a charge for water, and upon five days' notice to the customer filing a dispute, the Township Chief Financial Officer shall hold a hearing as to the disputed charge. At the hearing the customer may present evidence as to why they disputed the charge is erroneous and/or inaccurate, however, metered charges are presumed accurate unless evidence is presented that more likely than not demonstrates the meter generating the charges to be dysfunctional or inaccurate in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 182, Section 3, Subsection 60.
D. 
If upon hearing the Township Chief Financial Officer finds that it is more likely than not that the disputed charge was erroneous or inaccurate, not as the result of tampering, the Township Chief Financial Officer shall be empowered to amend the charge as necessary to accomplish a fair and reasonable outcome as provided by Chapter 182, Section 3, Subsection 70. However, if upon hearing the Township Chief Financial Officer does not find that is it more likely than not that the disputed charge erroneous or inaccurate, the customer shall be so advised and required to satisfy any outstanding unpaid charge for continued water service.
E. 
Any unpaid charge for water that is either undisputed or found to be accurate shall be deemed a municipal lien on the property incurring the debt and shall run with the land in accordance with law.
The Water Department shall furnish and install for each customer supplied with water a suitable water meter and such appurtenances as are customarily furnished in order to connect the customer's equipment.
Water meters shall be maintained by the Water Department so far as ordinary wear and tear are concerned, but damages due to freezing or external causes shall be paid for by the customer.
The charge for the reinstallation or changing of a water meter, when removed because damaged in any way, due to negligence of the customer, shall be in accordance with the existing rates as adopted by the Township Council.
Water meters shall be conveniently located at a point approved by the Water Department so as to control the entire supply. A proper place and protection for the meter shall be provided by the applicant. All meters placed in buildings shall be located in the cellar or first floor, as near as possible to the point of entrance of the service, in a clean, dry, safe place, not subject to great variation in temperature, located so as to be easily accessible for installation or disconnection and for reading, and of a type suitable for the purpose and location.
A stop or gate valve shall be placed on the service line on the street side of the water meter and a stop and waste stop on the other side of the water meter.
[Amended 8-22-2006 by Ord. No. 2006-17]
The Water Department shall test the accuracy of water meter on any premises within 10 days upon written request of any customer. Any person requesting such a test shall pay $30 in advance to cover the cost of the test, however, such costs shall be refunded if the meter shall be found to be inaccurate not as a result of tampering. If a meter is found to be inaccurate in accordance with Chapter 182, Section 3, Subsection 80 but no dispute has been filed, the bill for water charges of the current quarter shall be adjusted by the Water Department in such a manner as will be fair pursuant to Chapter 182, Section 3, Subsection 70, unless there is evidence that the matter has been tampered with.
Where water is furnished by a water meter, the quantity recorded by it shall be taken to be the amount passing the meter, except where the meter has been found to be registering inaccurately or has ceased to register. In such cases, the quantity may be determined by the average registration of the meter when in order, or by such fair and reasonable method as shall be based upon the best information obtainable.
[Added 8-22-2006 by Ord. No. 2006-17]
The Water Department shall maintain suitable and adequate facilities for testing water meters. No equipment shall be used in testing water meters unless it has been examined, calibrated and sealed by the New Jersey Office of Weights and Measures at least once every five years and evidence of such examination, calibration and sealing shall be fixed to the equipment. A water meter shall be considered correct if, flowing water at both immediate and full flow capacities, as set forth in the American Water Works Association M-6 Manual, it shows an error not greater than 1 1/2%. A report of the results of a test on any meter shall be transmitted to the customer, the Water Department, and the Township Chief Financial Officer and shall be certified by the individual conducting such a test. Any meter found to be inaccurate not as the result of tampering shall be replaced without charge to the customer.
Whenever the Mayor or a majority of the members of the Township Council determines that a water shortage emergency exists, the Mayor or the Township Manager may, for protection of health, safety and general welfare of the citizens and residents of the Township, proclaim the existence of such water shortage emergency and prescribe regulations to:
A. 
Prohibit filling of swimming pools with water obtained from sources other than privately owned wells.
B. 
Prohibit washing of automobiles by individuals with water other than privately owned wells.
C. 
Prohibit watering of lawns with water other than from privately owned wells.
D. 
Prohibit washing of streets, driveways or sidewalks.
E. 
Prohibit serving of water in public and private restaurants, clubs or eating places, unless specifically requested by the individual.
F. 
Prohibit the use of water from the Township supply for any purpose not necessary to the health, safety and welfare of the public.
G. 
Allocate and prorate the available water supplies.
H. 
Reduce consumption by users.
I. 
Prevent waste for the period of such emergency.
The proclamation of an emergency pursuant of 182-39 shall be conclusive of the fact of the existence of such emergency, and shall be binding upon all persons and users upon the filing of the same in the office of the Township Clerk and the publication thereof at least once in the official newspaper circulating in the Township. The regulations set forth in the proclamation and any subsequent regulations made and published as aforesaid, upon filing thereof in the office of the Township Clerk, shall be deemed to have the force and effect of regulations adopted under the authority of this article, the same as if specifically incorporated and set forth herein. Every owner, lessee, tenant and occupant of any building or premises connected with the Township water supply and every user thereof under any contract, ordinance or statute shall, upon the proclamation and promulgation of the regulations as aforesaid, become bound thereby and by the provisions of this article, and shall conform thereto and comply therewith in the use of water and the maintenance of the water service connections and equipment for the purposes thereof.
Upon the making of a proclamation of emergency under this article, the Township Manager shall forthwith give written notice to the appropriate departments of the Township to refrain from all street and gutter flushing, hydrant flushing, fire hose testing and other similar practices, except as such practices are deemed necessary in the interest of public health or safety, until such emergency is declared no longer to exist.
A. 
Every owner of any building and premises connected with the Township water supply shall:
(1) 
Maintain or cause to be maintained the water service pipes, fixtures and connections in good order and repair, in order to ensure that there shall be no waste of water.
(2) 
Forthwith make, or cause to be made, necessary repairs to prevent the waste of water.
B. 
Every lessee, tenant and occupant of any building or premises connected with the Township water supply shall:
(1) 
Immediately notify the owner or his agent of any defective water service pipes, fixtures or connections, whereby water is being wasted.
(2) 
Immediately notify the Township Water Department or Police Department of any waste occurring by reason of defective water service pipes, fixtures or connections.
C. 
Every owner and user of water shall, during the period of a water emergency, be chargeable with notice of any waste of water due to defective water service pipes, fixtures or connections, and of the regulations promulgated under the proclamation. It shall be the duty of the owner to forthwith make or cause to be made repairs necessary to prevent such waste.
A. 
The standards outlined herein are applicable to developers, builders, contractors and any other persons receiving approval to expand, construct or relocate the Township Water Department's water distribution facilities. Standards for the development of additional water supplies and any necessary construction of water storage facilities will be issued at the time of application therefor.
B. 
Any work relating to the extension, construction, relocation of the Township water utility shall be under the jurisdiction and supervision of the Township Water Department.
C. 
In addition to the standards outlined herein, all plans and construction work shall be in conformance with the New Jersey Administrative Code for Public Community Water Systems: Distribution and Storage, N.J.A.C. 17:10-11.7 to 7:10-12.36.
As used in this section, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
BOARD OF HEALTH
The Township of Pequannock Board of Health and the Township Health Department.
COUNCIL
The Township Council of the Township of Pequannock.
DEVELOPER
Any contractor, person, firm, association or corporation designing or required to extend, construct or relocate an addition to the water distribution system or connect thereto.
DIRECTOR
The Director of Public Works appointed by the Township Manager, who may also be the Engineer.
ENGINEER
The licensed engineer appointed by the Township Manager, who may also be the licensed operator for the water utility's distribution system.
INSPECTOR
The duly designated person assigned by the Director to inspect construction and testing.
OWNER
Any person, persons, firm, corporation or association actually owning any property or premises or his or their duly authorized agent which is or can be supplied with water service.
PLANNING BOARD
The Township of Pequannock Planning Board.
PLANS
The documents produces by the developer for extension, construction or relocation of water distribution facilities. "Plans" shall be signed and sealed by an engineer licensed in the State of New Jersey and completed and approved prior to construction.
SERVICE AREA
The area serviced by new, extended or relocated water supply facilities.
STANDARD DETAILS
The details provided by the Water Department referred to as standard in this article.
STREET
Any and all street, avenues, highways, roads and right-of-way owned by the Township or other governmental agencies.
TOWNSHIP
The Township of Pequannock, whose principal offices are located at 530 Turnpike, Pompton Plains, New Jersey.
WATER DEPARTMENT
The division of the Pequannock Township Department of Public Works responsible for construction, engineering and maintenance of the Township water utility.
A. 
Design data. The following are design data requirements:
(1) 
A determination of water demands in the areas to be serviced.
(2) 
Fire-protection requirements.
(3) 
A determination of the elevation differences throughout the service area and the static head conditions. Assess the various options available for pumping (or gravity flow) and fire protection and any storage requirements in relation to head conditions.
(4) 
A determination of pipe size for new service requirements.
B. 
Submissions. In addition to the requirements of the Planning and Zoning Boards, three sets of plans shall be submitted to the Water Department. Plans shall include a minimum one-inch-equals-fifty-feet-scale plan drawing showing locations, profiles, details and material lists, including diameters, depths, makes and model numbers.
C. 
Site conditions. Prior to submission, the various site conditions shall be considered in the design plan: soil type, including bearing strength and corrosivity, location of all underground utilities, pipe bedding requirements and traffic control during construction.
D. 
Approvals. When the extension, construction or relocation of the water utility distribution system is proposed in connection with a major subdivision application, the Planning Board or Zoning Board may not grant final subdivision approval until the plans are approved by the Engineer and by the Water Department. When the extension, construction, or relocation of the water utility distribution system is proposed in connection with a site plan application the construction Official may not grant a certificate of occupancy until the system is accepted by the Water Department.
E. 
As-built drawings. After acceptance by the Water Department, and within 90 days thereafter, the Developer shall submit an as-built plan, profile and details of the installed water system including all information shown on the approved plans. Also, ties shall be made and shown on, the plans for every valve and curb service box. One Mylar and three prints shall be submitted to the Engineer for approval. As-built drawings shall be certified by a professional engineer licensed in the State of New Jersey.
A. 
Pipe material.
(1) 
All water supply lines installed in Township rights-of-way having a diameter of four inches or larger shall be ductile iron pipe (D.I.P.) Class 52. Ductile iron pipe shall be centrifugally cast in metal or sand-lined molds with mechanical joints or push-on joints and shall be certified to be in full conformance with AWWA Specification C151-76 or latest revision thereof.
(2) 
Each piece of pipe and fitting shall be plainly marked at the factory with class number and letter and weight. All pipe and fittings shall be tar-coated in accordance with AWWA standards.
(3) 
All ductile iron pipe shall be cement-lined and factory-seal-coated in accordance with AWWA C104- 74 or latest revision thereof.
B. 
Pipe installation.
(1) 
All pipe shall be laid in conformance with AWWA C600, Installation of Gray and Ductile Cast Iron Mains and Appurtenances.
(2) 
All water pipes and fixtures shall be placed at least four feet underground as measured from the top of the pipe or fitting.
(3) 
Whenever practicable, water supply lines shall be laid in a loop system and dead ends minimized.
(4) 
Minimum pipe size for water supply lines in Township right-of-way shall be eight inches, or as directed by the Engineer.
C. 
Thrust restraint.
(1) 
Maximum joint deflections shall not exceed those listed in AWWA Standard C600-77, Tables 5 and 7 for push-on joints and mechanical joints respectively.
(2) 
Trench bottoms shall be uniform and continuous as possible. Holes shall be provided for the pipe couplings so that the couplings are not supporting the pipe in the trench.
(3) 
Concrete thrust blocks shall be placed for reaction backing at all fittings used for changes of direction, at reducers, at dead ends, at valves and at each pipe joint on curves. Rodded anchorage shall be installed at all upward thrusts and where required by the Water Department.
(4) 
All thrusts restraints shall be designed to withstand pipe line test pressure of 150 pounds per square inch. Thrust block area shall be dependent upon pipe diameter, bearing capacity of the soil and type of fitting or bend.
(5) 
Thrust blocks shall be installed in accordance with the standard details and shall be shown on the plans. No concrete shall be placed over fitting bells or couplings.
(6) 
The following table may be used to estimate the safe bearing capacity of soils. A schedule of minimum thrust block dimensions is included with the standard details.
Safe Bearing Load of Soils
Soil
Pounds Per Square Foot
Muck, peat and similar
0
Soft clay
1,000
Sand
2,000
Sand and gravel
3,000
Sand and gravel cemented with clay
4,000
Hard shale
10,000
D. 
Fittings.
(1) 
Fittings include all bends, tees, tie rods, clamps, reducers, plugs, sleeves and specials required for the water main construction.
(2) 
All fittings shall be mechanical joints and shall meet AWWA standards for a maximum working pressure of 250 pounds per square inch. Fittings shall be new ductile iron or gray cast-iron material and shall be cement-lined and tar-coated in accordance with AWWA C104-74. Fitting joints shall conform to AWWA C110-77 or latest revision thereof. Compact fitting shall be considered for approval by the Engineer and shall be in conformance with all applicable terms and provisions of AWWA C152 and C111.
(3) 
All horizontal and vertical bends greater than 5° shall be properly harnessed with concrete thrust blocks as shown on the detailed drawings and/or steel tie rods as approved by the Water Department prior to installation. Tie rods, when required, shall be 3/4 inch galvanized steel rod with malleable iron couplings and coated with a heavy coat of bitumastic paint immediately after assembly. A tie rod schedule is included with the standard detail.
(4) 
Mechanical joint pipe sleeves shall be as manufactured by Dresser Manufacturing Division of Dresser Industries of Bradford, Pennsylvania, Style 38 with a minimum working pressure of 200 pounds per square inch. All couplings shall be factory-printed and coated twice with Kopper's No. 50 bitumastic paint.
E. 
Gate valves and boxes.
(1) 
Location.
(a) 
For sectionalizing areas of water main service, a minimum of two gate valves shall be placed at every intersection of pipelines.
(b) 
All water main taps shall include a gate valve.
(c) 
A gate valve shall be placed at the end of all dead end lines upstream from the plug end.
(d) 
Additional gate valves shall be installed at every fire hydrant and as directed by the Water Department.
(2) 
Type:
(a) 
All gates valves shall comply with AWWA Standard C500-71 or latest revision thereof in every respect.
(b) 
All gate valves shall have mechanical joint ends. Bell dimensions shall conform to AWWA C111.
(c) 
All gate valves shall be as manufactured by the Mueller Company No. A2380-20, AWWA type or approval equal.
(3) 
Gate valves shall conform to AWWA Standard No. C500-71 or latest revision thereof. Supplementary requirements to this standard are listed below.
Gate Valves: 6-inch through 12-inch AWWA Standard No. C500-71
Sec. 1-Scope.
This specification covers water valves in sizes 6-inch, 8-inch, 10-inch and 12-inch. Valves are to be as manufactured by the Mueller Company No. A2380-20, AWWA type, nonrising stem, having mechanical joints. Valves shall be open by turning counter-clockwise.
Sec. 7-Bodies and Bonnets.
Gate valves shall be high strength cast-iron bodies and bonnets in accordance with ASTM A126.
Sec. 9.3-Valve Ends.
Valve ends shall be mechanical joints.
Sec. 10-Gates and Rings.
Gate rings shall be rolled or pressed into grooves machined in the discs. Valve gates shall be Grade 1 bronze. Gate rings shall be Grade V bronze.
Sec. 12-Wedging Devices.
The gate shall be wedged against the seat at 4 separate points near the outside edge of the gates.
Sec. 15-Stems and Stem Nuts.
The threads of stems and stem nuts shall be Acme. Threads shall be self-cleaning.
Sec. 16-17-Stem Seal, Packing.
All gate valves shall have O-ring seals. 1 O-ring shall be located below the thrust collar of the stem and another located above the thrust collar. The space between the O-rings and around the thrust collar shall be filled with a lubricant to provide the lubricating the thrust collar and O-rings each time the valve is operated.
F. 
Dry barrel fire hydrants.
(1) 
Location. Fire hydrants shall be located at all dead-end lines and spaced at least every 600 feet on straight runs of water supply lines and as directed by the Water Department.
(2) 
Type. Hydrants shall conform to AWWA Standard Np. C502-73 or latest revision thereof. In addition, the following specifications shall apply:
Dry-Barrel Fire Hydrants AWWA Standard No. C502-73
Sec. 1-General.
Hydrants shall be manufactured by the Mueller Company and shall be the Centurion fire hydrant-AWWA, which is the standard hydrant for the Township.
A.
General Classification:
a.1.
Hydrants shall be dry barrel, post type with compression-type main valve closing with the pressure.
a.2.
Hydrants shall have a replaceable safety stem coupling and a replaceable safety flange at the ground line to prevent or minimize traffic damage.
B.
Detail Specifications:
b.1.
Hydrants shall have a 4-1/2 inch main valve.
b.2.
The inlet connection shall be 6 inch mechanical joint, dimensions shall comply with AWWA C111 and ANSI A21.11 Standards.
b.3.
Working pressure shall be 200 pounds per square inch and the pressure shall be 400 pounds per square inch.
b.4.
The dry top bonnet shall have a factory lubricated bonnet assembly.
b.5.
The upper operating shall be bronze encased and have an O-ring stem seal.
b.6.
The nozzles shall be threaded and locked in place with a stainless steel screw.
b.7.
The safety stem coupling shall be below the lower barrel flange surface to prevent it being held open by vehicle wheel after traffic damage.
b.8.
Bronze seat ring shall thread into a bronze drain ring having 2 drain holes to provide an all bronze drainway.
b.9.
The double drain valve shall operate automatically to force flush the drainway each time the hydrant is opened or closed. No toggles, springs or adjustable mechanism will be allowed.
b.10.
The main valve opening shall be controlled by a lug in the bottom of the shoe.
b.11.
The design of the shoe and upper valve plate shall permit maximum flow by reducing friction loss to a minimum.
b.12.
Nozzles: 3-way, 2-1/2 inch nose nozzles and 1 pumper nozzle all with national standard hose threads.
Certification of these specifications must be available to the Township.
Sec. 7. Air Release and Surge Control.
Air-release valves shall be located at high points along water-supply pipelines to purge air pockets which may form at these high points. Air-release valves shall be installed in a valve vault and located below the frost line which is assumed to be 4 feet. Valves shall be ventilated and shall provide for drainage of water.
At locations where a sudden change in water velocity may occur (booster stations, check valves, etc.) a pressure release valve shall be provided to relieve the surge pressures.
Sec. 8. Stream Crossings.
Whenever water supply lines are to cross a stream or river below the bed, they shall be adequately sleeved and/or encased in no less than 1/2 foot of reinforced concrete within the reaches of the stream banks. Minimum depth of encasement below the stream banks shall be 3 feet. Water lines crossing streams on culverts or bridges shall be thoroughly insulated and protected with steel sleeves.
Sec. 9. Wet Taps.
All wet taps into existing water supply lines shall be made by a contractor approved by the Water Department. Tapping sleeves shall be cast-iron or ductile iron mechanical joint Mueller H615 or H616, depending on the outside diameter of the pipe being tapped. Sleeves shall have a minimum working pressure of 200 pounds per square inch.
All sleeves and valves shall be set perfectly level along the center lines of the pipe tap. Valves, fittings and pipes shall conform to the applicable standards outlined herein.
Sec. 10. Sanitary Protection.
Chambers or pits containing valves or meters or other appurtenances shall be adequately drained. Drains shall not be connected directly to any storm sewer or sanitary sewer.
Any air relief or vent pipes from chambers or beds must extend at least 1-foot above ground and be equipped with a down-facing elbow and insect screen. Physical connections other than the double-check valve assembly or reduced pressure zone back-flow preventer assembly are not permitted.
While installing new water pipes, pipelines shall not be laid in water or where they can be flooded with water in the laying process.
Underground drains from hydrants and valve chambers shall not be connected directly to sewers or storm sewers.
In accordance with state regulations, water lines should be laid at an elevation above that of nearby sewers with joints no closer than that 10 feet from the sewer pipe center line. If this is not possible, water pipe shall be sleeved or encased in concrete with watertight tested joints. Where water lines cross sewer lines, water lines shall be laid above the sewer lines with vertical separation of not less than 18 inches. Hydrostatic pressure tests shall be performed to determine if there is any leakage.
New water supply lines shall be disinfected by 1 of the procedures outlined herein before being placed into service. The absence of contamination shall be demonstrated by bacteriological examination before new lines and appurtenances are placed into service or accepted by the Water Department. This examination shall be certified by the Health Department.
Sec. 11. Disinfection.
Before new water lines are placed into service or accepted by the Water Department, they must be flushed and disinfected with chlorine solutions. During construction, precautions shall be taken to avoid unnecessary contamination. Disinfection is accomplished by 1 of the following methods. All are described in the American Water Works Association Standard on Water Main Disinfection, AWWA C601, latest revision: continuous feed method, slug method, tablet method. In all cases, disinfection procedures shall be performed in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:10-11, Subchapter 11, Standards for Construction of Public Community Water Systems, Part 11.13 Disinfection.
Sec. 12. Testing.
Before water lines are placed into service or accepted by the Water Department, they shall be hydrostatically pressure tested. The test shall be witnessed by the Engineer. The pressure test shall be performed between valved sections of water lines and shall be submitted to a pressure of 150 pounds per square inch for a duration of 4 hours.
Each valve section of pipe shall be slowly filled with water and the specified test pressure shall be applied by means of a pump connected to the pipe in a manner satisfactory to the Engineer. The pump, pipe connection, gauges, and all necessary apparatus shall be furnished by the Developer. Before applying the specified test pressure all air shall be expelled from the pipe. If hydrants or air reliefs are not available at high places, the necessary taps shall be made at points of highest elevation before the test is made and the plugs inserted after the test has been completed.
A leakage test shall be conducted after the pressure test has been satisfactorily completed. The duration of each leakage test shall be 2 hours, and during the test, the main shall be subject to a pressure of 150 pounds per square inch and not permitted to fall below 145 pounds per square inch.
Leakage is defined as the quantity of water to be supplied into the newly laid pipe, or any section thereof, necessary to maintain the specified leakage test pressure after the pipe has been filled with water and the air expelled.
The maximum allowable leakage for the pipe shall be determined by the formula:
L =
NDP
___
3,700
in which L equals the allowable leakage in gallons per hour; N is the number of joints in the length of the pipeline tested; D is the nominal diameter of the pipe, in inches; and P is the average test pressure during the leakage test, in pounds per square inch.
182-47. Service connections.
A.
All service connections 2 inches or less in diameter shall be made using a corporation stop at the water main, Mueller Company No. H15000 or approved equal, heavy duty Type K copper service pipe between the new main and the curb box. Curb stop shall be Mueller Company H15214 or approved equal.
B.
Corporation stops shall be installed using a double strap service clamp, Mueller Catalog No. H10533, or approved equal.
C.
The curb valve box shall be cast-iron extension type with one piece lid, Mueller Catalog No. H10314. Copper service pipe shall be arched prior to backfilling to compensate for any trench settlement.
D.
The curb valve shall be set in a gravel base to facilitate back drainage. Minimum cover is 4 feet above copper service pipe.
E.
All water meters shall be supplied and installed by the Water Department.