[HISTORY: Adopted by the Village Council of the Village of New Haven 8-8-2017 by Ord. No. 345. Amendments noted where applicable.]
This chapter shall be known and cited as the "Village of New Haven Fireworks Ordinance."
This chapter is adopted pursuant to and in accordance with Act 94, Public Act of 1933,, as amended, and Act 246 Public Act of 1945, as amended, and all other laws allowing for ordinances by a local unit of government.
As used in this chapter, the following words and phrases have the meanings set forth herein:
- The Michigan Fireworks Safety Act, Public Act No. 256 of 2011, MCLA § 28.451 et seq., as amended.
- ARTICLES PYROTECHNIC
- Pyrotechnic devices for professional use that are similar to consumer fireworks in chemical composition and construction but not intended for consumer use, that meet the weight limits for consumer fireworks but are not labeled as such, and that are classified as UN0431 or UN0432 under 49 CFR 172.101.
- CONSUMER FIREWORKS
- Fireworks devices that are designed to produce visible effects by combustion, that are required to comply with the construction, chemical composition, and labeling regulations promulgated by the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission under 16 CFR Parts 1500 and 1507, and that are listed in APA standard 87-1, 3.1.2, 3.1.3, or 3.5. Consumer fireworks does not include low-impact fireworks.
- DISPLAY FIREWORKS
- Large fireworks devices that are explosive materials intended for use in fireworks displays and designed to produce visible or audible effects by combustion, deflagration, or detonation, as provided in 27 CFR 555.11, 49 CFR 172, and APA Standard 87-1, 4.1.
- FIREWORK or FIREWORKS
- Any composition or device, except for a starting pistol, a flare gun, or a flare, designed for the purpose of producing a visible or audible effect by combustion, deflagration, or detonation. Fireworks consist of consumer fireworks, low-impact fireworks, articles pyrotechnic, display fireworks, and special effects.
- LOW-IMPACT FIREWORKS
- Ground and handheld sparkling devices as that phrase is defined under APA Standard 87-1, 3.1, 18.104.22.168 to 22.214.171.124, and 3.5.
- NATIONAL HOLIDAY
- New Year's Day (January 1); Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. (third Monday in January); Washington's Birthday (third Monday in February); Memorial Day (last Monday in May); Independence Day (July 4); Labor Day (first Monday in September); Columbus Day (second Monday in October); Veterans Day (November 11); Thanksgiving Day (fourth Thursday in November); and Christmas Day (December 25).
- That term as defined under APA Standard 87-1, 3.2, 3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.2.3, and 3.2.5 and all of the following:
- A. Toy plastic or paper caps for toy pistols in sheets, strips, rolls, or individual caps containing not more than 0.25 of a grain of explosive content per cap, in packages labeled to indicate the maximum explosive content per cap.
- B. Toy pistols, toy cannons, toy canes, toy trick noisemakers, and toy guns in which toy caps as described in Subsection A are used, that are constructed so that the hand cannot come in contact with the cap when in place for the explosion, and that are not designed to break apart or be separated so as to form a missile by the explosion.
- C. Flitter sparklers in paper tubes not exceeding 1/8 inch in diameter.
- D. Toy snakes not containing mercury, if packed in cardboard boxes with not more than 12 pieces per box for retail sale and if the manufacturer's name and the quantity contained in each box are printed on the box; and toy smoke devices.
No person shall ignite, discharge, or use fireworks within the Village at any time, except that:
Fireworks may be discharged in strict compliance with any permit issued by the Village in accordance with the Act;
Consumer fireworks may be discharged between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 12:00 midnight only on the day before, the day of, and the day after, a national holiday, except on New Year's Day when consumer fireworks may also be discharged between the hours of 12:00 midnight and 1:00 a.m.; and
This section shall not apply to low-impact fireworks.
Consumer fireworks shall not be ignited, discharged, or used on public property, including public streets and rights-of-way, or on school property, church property, or the private property of another, without the express written permission from the person or entity legally in possession and control of that property to undertake such action.
Consumer fireworks shall not be ignited/discharged, or used by a person under the influence of alcoholic liquor or a controlled substance or a combination of both.
Low-impact fireworks shall not be ignited, discharged, or used by a person under the influence of alcoholic liquor or a controlled substance or a combination of both.
This chapter does not apply to novelties.
If an enforcing official determines that a violation of this chapter has occurred, the official may seize the fireworks as evidence of such violation.
If any section, clause or provision of this chapter shall be declared to be unconstitutional, void, illegal or ineffective by any court of competent jurisdiction, the validity of the chapter as a whole, or in part, shall not be affected other than the part invalidated, and such section, clause or provision declared to be unconstitutional, void or illegal shall thereby cease to be a part of this chapter, but the remainder of this chapter shall stand and be in full force and effect.
All ordinances, parts of ordinances, or sections of the New Haven Village Book of Ordinances in conflict with this chapter are repealed only to the extent necessary to give this chapter full force and effect.
All proceedings pending and all rights and liabilities existing, acquired or incurred at the time this chapter takes effect are saved and may be consummated according to the law in force when they were commenced.
This chapter, or a summary hereof, shall be published within 30 days of adoption in a newspaper of general circulation in New Haven Village and shall become effective 30 days after such publication, as provided by law.