[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Two Rivers (Title 5, Ch. 5, of the 1981 Code). Amendments noted where applicable.]
To prevent contamination of groundwater and to protect public health, safety, and welfare by assuring that unused, unsafe or noncomplying wells or wells which may serve as conduits for contamination or wells which may be illegally cross-connected to the municipal water system are properly abandoned.
This chapter applies to all wells located on premises served by the Two Rivers municipal water system.
For the purposes of this chapter, certain words and terms are defined as follows:
- MUNICIPAL WATER SYSTEM
- A system for the provision to the public of piped water for
human consumption when such system has at least 15 service connections
or regularly serves at least 25 year-round residents, owned or operated
by a city, village, county, town, town sanitary district, utility
district, or public institution, or a privately owned water utility
serving any of the above.[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Title 1, General Provisions, Ch. 1-1, Art III)]
- A well or pump installation which does not comply with the provisions of Ch. NR 812, Wis. Adm. Code, in effect at the time the well was constructed, a contamination source was installed, the pump was installed or work was done on either the well or pump installation.
- PUMP INSTALLATION
- The pump and related equipment used for withdrawing water from a well, including the discharge piping, the underground connections, pitless adapters, pressure tanks, pits, sampling faucets and well seals or caps.
- A well or pump installation which produced water which is bacteriologically contaminated or contaminated with substances in exceedance of the standards of Ch. NR 809 or 140, Wis. Adm. Code, or for which a health advisory has been issued by the Department of Natural Resources.
- A well or pump installation which is not in use or does not have a functional pumping system.
- An excavation or opening into the ground made by digging, boring, drilling, driving or other methods for the purpose of obtaining groundwater for consumption or other use.
- WELL ABANDONMENT
- The filling and sealing of a well according to the provisions of Ch. NR 812, Wis. Adm. Code.
All wells located on premises served by the municipal water system shall be abandoned in accordance with the terms of this chapter and Ch. NR 812, Wis. Adm. Code, by November 1, 1992, or no later than one year from the date of connection to the municipal water system, whichever occurs last, unless a well operation permit has been obtained by the well owner from the Water Utility.
The Two Rivers Water Utility may grant a permit to a private well owner to operate a well for a period not to exceed five years, providing the conditions of this section are met. An owner may request renewal of a well operation permit by submitting information verifying that the conditions of this section are met. The Water Utility Department, or its agent, may conduct inspections or have water quality tests conducted at the applicant's expense to obtain or verify information necessary for consideration of a permit application or renewal. Permit applications and renewals shall be made on forms provided by the Clerk or other designated individuals.
The following conditions must be met for issuance or renewal of a well operation permit:
The well and pump installation meet or are upgraded to meet the requirements of Ch. NR 812, Wis. Adm. Code, as documented by a licensed well driller or a licensed pump installer.
The well construction and pump installation have a history of producing bacteriologically safe water as evidence by a sample. No exceptions to this condition may be made for unsafe wells unless the Department of Natural Resources approves, in writing, the continued use of the well.
There are no cross-connections between the well and pump installation and the municipal water system, as documented by a licensed well driller or licensed pump installer.
All wells abandoned under the jurisdiction of this chapter or rule shall be abandoned according to the procedures and methods of Ch. NR 812, Wis. Adm. Code. All debris, pump, piping, unsealed liners and any other obstructions which may interfere with sealing operations shall be removed prior to abandonment.
The owner of the well, or the owner's agent, shall notify the City Clerk or Water Utility personnel at least 48 hours prior to commencement of any well abandonment activities. The abandonment of the well shall be inspected by Water Department personnel.
An abandonment report form, supplied by the Department of Natural Resources, shall be submitted by the well owner to the City Clerk or Water Utility personnel and the Department of Natural Resources within 10 days of the completion of the well abandonment.
Citations may be issued by the Plumbing Inspector, Building Inspector, the Water Utility Director or the City Manager or his designee.