Township of Lawrence, MI
Van Buren County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
Establishment of districts. For the purposes of this chapter, the Lawrence Township, Michigan, is hereby divided into the following districts:
A-1 District: Agricultural District
R-1 District: Rural Residential
R-2 District: Medium Density Residential
R-3 District: Waterfront Residential
R-4 District: Multiple-Family Residential
O-1 District: Professional Office District
C-1 District: Business and Commercial District
I-1 District: Manufacturing District
B. 
Zoning districts maps. The boundaries of the respective districts are defined and established as depicted on the map entitled "Zoning District Map of Lawrence Township, Michigan,"[1] which is an integral part of this chapter, and which, with the explanatory matter thereon, shall be published as part of this section and is hereby incorporated by reference.
(1) 
The Zoning District Map of Lawrence Township, Michigan, and subsequent amendments to the text shall be certified and bear the signature of the Lawrence Township Clerk and the Township Supervisor. The Map shall be attested to by the Clerk and shall bear the following words: "This is to certify that the above map is the Official Zoning Map of this chapter, adopted on the 24th day of October, 2002."
(2) 
If amendments are made in district boundaries or other matters depicted on the Official Zoning Map, such changes shall not be considered final, and building permits shall not be issued until the appropriate amendments have been made on the Official Zoning Map. Such amendments shall be made within 10 normal working days after the effective date of the amendment. Each amendment shall be accompanied by a reference number on the Map, which shall refer to the official action of the Board of Trustees. One copy of the Official Zoning Map shall be maintained and kept up-to-date in the office of the Clerk of Lawrence Township. A second copy shall be kept in the office of the County Clerk. A third copy shall be kept in the office of the Building Official.
[1]
Editor's Note: The Zoning Map is included as an attachment to this chapter.
C. 
Replacement of Official Zoning Map. In the event that the Official Zoning Map becomes damaged, destroyed, lost or difficult to interpret because of the nature or number of changes made thereto, the Board of Trustees may, by ordinance, adopt a new Official Zoning Map which shall supersede the prior Official Zoning Map. The new Official Zoning Map may correct drafting or other errors or omissions on the prior Official Zoning Map, but no such corrections shall have the effect of amending this chapter or the prior Official Zoning Map. The new Official Zoning Map shall be identified by the signature of the Supervisor of the Lawrence Township, attested by the Clerk and bear the seal of the Township under the following words: "This is to certify that this is the Official Zoning Map referred to in this chapter of Lawrence Township, adopted on 24th Day of October, 2002. Unless the prior Official Zoning Map has been lost, or has been totally destroyed, the prior map shall be preserved together with all available records pertaining to its adoption or amendment."
If, because of the scale, lack of details, or illegibility of the Official Zoning Districts Map, there is any uncertainty, contradiction, or conflict regarding the intended location of any district boundaries shown on the Map, the following shall govern:
A. 
Where boundaries follow streets or highways, the center line of the street or highway shall be the boundary line or lines.
B. 
Where boundaries follow the shoreline of a stream, lake or other body of water, a change in the shoreline shall change the boundaries. Where boundaries follow the center line of a stream, river, canal or other bodies of water, a change in the center line shall change the boundaries.
C. 
A boundary indicated as approximately following a recorded lot line or the line bounding a parcel shall be construed as following such line.
D. 
A boundary indicated as following the municipal boundary line of a city, village or township shall be construed as following such line.
E. 
A boundary indicated as following a railroad line shall be construed as following the right-of-way.
F. 
A distance not specifically indicated in the Official Zoning Map shall be determined by the scale of the map to the nearest foot. Should the above not fully explain a question of boundaries, the Zoning Board of Appeals shall have the authority to make an interpretation on appeal based upon the aforementioned standards.
A. 
General provisions:
(1) 
Every building or structure erected, any use of land, building or structure, any structural alteration or relocation of an existing building or structure and any enlargement of, or addition to, an existing use of land, building or structure occurring after the effective date of this chapter shall be subject to all regulations of this chapter which are applicable within the zoning district in which such land use, building or structure shall be located.
(2) 
Uses are permitted by right only if specifically listed as uses permitted by right in the various zoning districts. Accessory uses are permitted as indicated in the various zoning districts, and if such uses are clearly incidental to the permitted principal uses. Special uses are permitted as listed, or where provided for, and if the required conditions are met.
(3) 
A use of land, buildings, or structures not specifically mentioned in the provision of this chapter shall be classified upon appeal by the applicant or by request of the Building Official to the Planning Commission. A decision of the Planning Commission may be appealed by either party to the Zoning Board of Appeals.
(4) 
When setback areas, open space areas, off-street parking areas or loading areas are required for compliance with this chapter in connection with any use of land, building or structure, such areas must be located on the same property as the use of land, building or structure for which it is required. No part of such areas may be utilized to meet a similar requirement for any other use, building or structure on an adjacent property, unless a special use permit is granted by the Planning Commission.
(5) 
No use of land, buildings, structures or portions as provided in this section shall be erected or utilized without the prior approval of the site plan in accordance with Article VIII of this chapter.
B. 
Uses existing before ordinance. Any use of land or development activity existing on the effective date of this chapter may continue subject to the provisions contained in Article IX, § 1-9.17 of this chapter.
C. 
Zoning of vacated areas. If a street, alley or other public right-of-way within the Township is vacated by official governmental action and if the lands within the boundaries thereof attach to and become part of lands adjoining the street, alley or public right-of-way, such lands shall automatically acquire and be subject to the same zoning regulations applicable to adjoining lands and shall be governed by this chapter.
D. 
Zoning of filled land and use of waters. If earthen fill is placed in any lake or stream, the created land shall automatically and without further government action acquire and be subject to the same zoning regulations applicable for lands to which the land attaches or is adjacent, and the created land shall be used for those purposes as are permitted under this chapter for the adjoining lands.
E. 
Zoning of annexed areas. When property is annexed into the Township, the Planning Commission shall consider the appropriate district classification and shall propose an amendment to this chapter concerning the annexed land to the Board of Trustees within one year of the effective date of the annexation. In the interim period, the existing zoning regulations shall remain in effect.
F. 
Application of regulations. The right to continue a land use or activity which is either permitted by this chapter or established as a legal nonconformity shall be vested with the property rather than with the current property owner. No rights shall be terminated for reason of transfer of ownership. The right to continue a land use or activity shall transfer automatically upon the conveyance of the property as long as there is no change in the characteristics or increase in the intensity of use.
The regulations herein established in order to promote the public health, safety, and general welfare of the residents of Lawrence Township are uniform throughout each district and shall be applied consistently to each class of land, building or structure within each district of this chapter. Within each district so established there are three categories of uses.
A. 
Uses permitted by right. Such uses shall be allowed when in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
B. 
Use permitted under special conditions. Such use shall be allowed, subject to the specific conditions imposed for said use in this chapter.
C. 
Use permitted by issuance of a special use permit. The special use permit has been established to facilitate the inclusion within a district of certain uses which present potential injurious effects upon the surrounding property, public safety, public health, public services, or the general welfare of the community.
A. 
Intent and purpose. It is the goal of this district to preserve, enhance, and stabilize existing areas within the Township which are presently utilized for general and specialized farming and areas which, because of their soil characteristics and/or natural flora, should be conserved for agricultural use. Additionally, it is the intent of this district to promote the orderly and harmonious development of the Township by preserving predominately rural and agricultural lands from development and to preserve the essential characteristics and economic value of these areas as agricultural land.
B. 
Uses permitted by right. In the A-1 Agricultural, no building or parcel shall be used and no building erected except for one or more of the following specified uses, unless otherwise provided in this chapter.
(1) 
One-family dwelling.
(2) 
Field crop and fruit farming, truck gardening, horticulture, aviaries, hatcheries, apiaries, greenhouses, tree nurseries, and similar agricultural enterprises along with uses incidental to the above.
(3) 
Raising and keeping of cattle, hogs, horses, ponies, and similar livestock upon a lot having an area of one acre or more.
(4) 
Raising and keeping of small animals, such as poultry, rabbits, sheep and goats.
(5) 
Public or private parkland of a noncommercial nature.
(6) 
Public and private conservation areas and structures for the conservation of water, soils, open space, forest, and wildlife resources.
(7) 
Public areas, such as forest preserves, game refuges, and forest type recreation areas, and similar public uses of low intensity recreational character.
(8) 
Child/adult day care or child/adult foster care providing care for six or fewer individuals.
C. 
Uses permitted under special conditions. In addition to the general requirements of this district, the buildings and uses identified in this section shall meet the following additional requirements.
(1) 
Cemeteries, public or private subject to the provisions of Article VIII, Site Plan Review.
[Amended 4-12-2018]
(2) 
Permanent roadside stands selling products grown in Van Buren County provided that contiguous space for the parking of customer vehicles is furnished off the public right-of-way and provided further that all of the requirements for accessory buildings contained in Article IX, Supplemental Regulations, are met.
(3) 
Customary home occupations, provided the requirements for home occupations contained in Article IX, Supplemental Regulations, are complied with.
(4) 
Public or private educational buildings or uses subject to the provisions of Article VIII, Site Plan Review.
(5) 
Any accessory use or building shall be located on the same parcel as the principal building or contiguous lot or lot separated by a road or private road. Where a parcel is contiguous to a lot or parcel fronting on a lake in a different zoning district, customary accessory uses and buildings are permitted to be constructed, provided that such uses and buildings are incidental to the residential use.
(6) 
Family accessory housing with approval of site plan under Article VIII, Site Plan Review.
[Added 4-12-2018]
D. 
Uses permitted by special use permit. The following uses of land and structures may be permitted in this district through the application and approval of a special use permit as provided for in Article VII of this chapter. The land uses identified in this section may have additional regulations specified in Article VII of this chapter.
(1) 
Religious institutions: churches, convents, parsonages, and other housing for religious personnel.
(2) 
Public buildings or utility structures, which include storage yards, substations and transformer stations.
(3) 
State-licensed day care or foster care providing care for seven or more individuals.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Original Sec. 6.5.4.D of the 2005 Code, Accessory Apartment or Family Accessory Housing, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 4-12-2018.
(4) 
Private airports or landing fields.
(5) 
Commercial riding or boarding stables for the hiring, selling, or boarding or 10 or more horses.
(6) 
Campgrounds.
(7) 
Greenhouses and nurseries selling at retail on the premises.
(8) 
Game hunting or fishing preserves operated for profit.
(9) 
Veterinary hospitals, clinics, and commercial kennels.
(10) 
Seasonal labor residential complexes associated with agricultural enterprises.
(11) 
Sawmills and associated lumber processing operations.
(12) 
Grain and seed elevators and sales: cold storage for cooperative and/or wholesale agricultural products.
(13) 
Golf courses, driving ranges, and country clubs.
(14) 
Sand, gravel, or mineral extraction operations. (See § 1-7.2G for requirements.)
(15) 
Mobile home park developments.
(16) 
Contractor's office.
(17) 
Planned unit developments.
(18) 
Bed-and-breakfasts.
(19) 
Raising and keeping of cattle, hogs, horses, ponies, sheep, and similar livestock upon a lot having an area less than one acre.
(20) 
Wineries, cideries and microbreweries.
[Added 7-13-2017]
(21) 
Major home occupations, provided the requirements for home occupations contained in Article IX, Supplemental Regulations, are complied with except those in conflict with the definition of major home occupations, including but not limited to § 1-9.8B(2) to (4) and C(2).
[Added 4-12-2018]
(22) 
Special event facilities.
[Added 4-12-2018]
(23) 
Grower facility: Class A, Class B and Class C, as regulated under § 1-7.2J.
[Added 12-12-2019]
(a) 
The facility shall be located on a minimum of 40 acres for outdoor grow facility and a minimum of 20 acres for indoor grow facility. The minimum acreage requirement may be comprised of multiple parcels if the parcels have common ownership and are contiguous to each other.
(b) 
The facility, including outdoor grow operations, shall conform with all setbacks such that no portion of the operation shall intrude into the setbacks.
(c) 
The facility shall have a minimum separation distance from a permanent dwelling, whether or not occupied, on adjacent parcels as listed below:
[1] 
Outdoor grow facility: 500 feet.
[2] 
Indoor grow facility: 300 feet.
(24) 
Processor facility, when located on the same site as a grower facility, as regulated under § 1-7.2J.
[Added 12-12-2019]
(a) 
The facility shall be set back a minimum of 100 feet from the road right-of-way and property lines.
E. 
Site development standards. The following maximum and minimum standards shall apply to all uses and structures in the A-1 Agricultural District.
(1) 
Site plan review: Refer to Article VIII.
(2) 
Single-family dwellings, either constructed on site or off site, shall have a minimum gross foundation area of not less than 1,040 square feet and a minimum width of 20 feet across any horizontal elevation, exclusive of basements, garages, porches, and breezeways, unless otherwise allowed in the zoning district.
[Amended by 11-13-2014]
(3) 
Signage requirements: Refer to Article XI.
(4) 
Parking requirements: Refer to Article X.
(5) 
Maximum building height: Refer to Schedule A.[2] Structures for agricultural operations, such as barns or silos, may be permitted up to 75 feet in height.
[2]
Editor's Note: Schedule A, Zoning Ordinance–Dimensional Regulations, is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(6) 
Special land uses: Additional regulations for special land uses are contained in Article VII.
A. 
Intent and purpose.
(1) 
It is the goal of this district to provide low-density residential development to balance the demand for housing in a rural setting with the need to preserve the natural and agricultural lands of the Township.
(2) 
It is further the intent and purpose of this district to permit development of low-density residential properties within areas of the Township presently without public water and sewerage services and likely to remain without such services for an indefinite period of time.
B. 
Uses permitted by right. In the R-1 Residential District, no building or parcel shall be used and no building erected except for one or more of the following specified uses, unless otherwise provided in this chapter.
(1) 
One-family dwelling.
(2) 
Public or private parkland of a noncommercial nature.
(3) 
Family day care or adult foster care providing care for six or less individuals.
C. 
Uses permitted under special conditions. In addition to the general requirements of this district, the buildings and uses identified in this section shall meet the following additional requirements.
(1) 
Any accessory use or building shall be located on the same parcel as the principal building or contiguous lot or lot separated by a road or private road. Where a parcel is contiguous to a lot or parcel fronting on a lake in a different zoning district, customary accessory uses and buildings are permitted to be constructed, provided that such uses and buildings are incidental to the residential use.
(2) 
Customary agricultural operations, including general farming, truck farming, fruit orchards, nursery, greenhouses, and usual farm buildings, but subject to the following conditions:
(a) 
Horses may be kept on a noncommercial basis when appropriately housed and fenced. The minimum lot area requirement for the first horse shall be one acre. For each additional horse to be housed and fenced on the lot, an additional one acre per horse shall be provided.
(b) 
Other customary farm animals may be kept on a noncommercial basis when appropriately housed and fenced, providing that they do not create a public nuisance.
(c) 
All manure shall be kept out of the boundary setback.
(3) 
Customary home occupations, provided the requirements of Article IX are complied with.
(4) 
Public or private educational buildings or uses that receive site plan approval from the Planning Commission under Article VIII.
(5) 
Family accessory housing with approval of site plan under Article VIII, Site Plan Review.
[Added 4-12-2018]
D. 
Uses permitted by special use permit. The following uses of land and structures may be permitted in this district through the application and approval of a special use permit as provided for in Article VII of this chapter.
(1) 
Religious institutions: churches, convents, parsonages, and other housing for religious personnel. Public buildings or utility structures, which include storage yards, substations and transformer stations.
(2) 
State-licensed day care or foster care providing care for seven or more individuals.
(3) 
Family accessory housing.
(4) 
Private airports or landing fields.
(5) 
Commercial riding or boarding stables for the hiring, selling, or boarding of horses. Special land uses in this category shall require a minimum of one acre per horse.
(6) 
Greenhouses and nurseries selling at retail on the premises.
(7) 
Game hunting or fishing preserves operated for profit.
(8) 
Veterinary hospitals, clinics, and kennels.
(9) 
Seasonal labor residential complexes associated with agricultural enterprises.
(10) 
Sawmills and associated lumber processing operations.
(11) 
Grain and seed elevators and sales: cold storage for cooperative and/or wholesale agricultural products.
(12) 
Golf courses, driving ranges, and country clubs.
(13) 
Sand, gravel, or mineral extraction operations. (See § 1-7.2G for requirements.)
(14) 
Mobile home park developments.
(15) 
Contractor's office, provided there is no retail business establishment. All equipment and material storage on site must be in an enclosed building.
(16) 
Planned unit developments.
(17) 
Bed-and-breakfasts.
(18) 
Major home occupations provided the requirements for home occupations contained in Article IX, Supplemental Regulations, are complied with except those in conflict with the definition of major home occupations, including but not limited to § 1-9.8B(2) through (4) and C(2).
[Added 4-12-2018]
(19) 
Special event facilities.
[Added 4-12-2018]
E. 
Site development standards. The following maximum and minimum standards shall apply to all uses and structures in the R-1 Residential District.
(1) 
Dimensional requirements. All applicable requirements of Schedule A shall be met.
(2) 
Site plan review. Required under the guidelines established in § 1-8.2.
(3) 
Single-family dwellings, either constructed on site or off site, shall have a minimum floor area of not less than 1,040 square feet and a minimum width of 20 feet across any horizontal elevation, exclusive of basements, garages, porches and breezeways, unless otherwise allowed in the zoning district.
[Amended by 11-13-2014]
(4) 
Signage requirements. Refer to Article IX.
(5) 
Parking requirements. Refer to Article X.
(6) 
Special land uses. Additional regulations for special land uses are contained in Article VII.
A. 
Intent and purpose.
(1) 
It is the goal of this district to provide medium-density residential development in a traditional subdivision, site condominium, planned unit development, or cluster housing option which is located in a geographic area which is recommended by the Comprehensive Development Plan for this type of development.
(2) 
It is further the intent and purpose of this district to permit development of medium-density residential properties within areas of the Township which may have, but are not required to have, public water and sewerage services.
B. 
Uses permitted by right. In the R-2 Residential District, no building or parcel shall be used and no building erected except for one or more of the following specified uses, unless otherwise provided in this chapter.
(1) 
One-family dwelling.
(2) 
Duplex dwelling.
(3) 
Public or private parkland of a noncommercial nature.
(4) 
Family day care or adult foster care providing care for six or less individuals.
C. 
Uses permitted under special conditions. In addition to the general requirements of this district, the buildings and uses identified in this section shall meet the following additional requirements:
(1) 
Any accessory use or building shall be located on the same parcel as the principal building or contiguous lot or lot separated by a road or private road. Where a parcel is contiguous to a lot or parcel fronting on a lake in a different zoning district, customary accessory uses and buildings are permitted to be constructed, provided that such uses and buildings are incidental to the residential use.
(2) 
Customary home occupations.
D. 
Uses permitted by special use permit. The following uses of land and structures may be permitted in this district through the application and approval of a special use permit as provided for in Article VII of this chapter.
(1) 
Religious institutions: churches, convents, parsonages, and other housing for religious personnel.
(2) 
Public buildings or utility structures, which include storage yards, substations and transformer stations.
(3) 
State licensed day care or foster care providing care for seven or more individuals.
(4) 
Accessory apartment or elderly cottage housing opportunity (ECHO).
(5) 
Private airports or landing fields.
(6) 
Planned unit developments.
(7) 
Cluster housing option.
(8) 
Public or private educational buildings or uses which receive site plan approval from the Planning Commission under Article VIII.
(9) 
Bed-and-breakfasts.
(10) 
Any accessory use or building not located on the same parcel as the principal building.
E. 
Site development standards. The following maximum and minimum standards shall apply to all uses and structures in the R-2 Residential District.
(1) 
Dimensional requirements. All applicable requirements of Schedule A[1] shall be met.
[1]
Editor's Note: Schedule A, Zoning Ordinance–Dimensional Regulations, is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(2) 
Site plan review. Required under the guidelines established in § 1-8.2.
(3) 
Single-family dwellings, either constructed on site or off site, shall have a minimum floor area of not less than 1,040 square feet and a minimum width of 20 feet across any horizontal elevation, exclusive of basements, garages, porches and breezeways, unless otherwise allowed in the zoning district.
[Amended by 11-13-2014]
(4) 
Duplex dwellings, either constructed on site or off site, shall have a minimum gross foundation area of not less than 750 square per unit, exclusive of basements, garages, porches, and breezeways.
(5) 
Duplex dwellings shall provide 15,000 square feet of land area per unit.
(6) 
Signage requirements. Refer to Article XI.
(7) 
Parking requirements. Refer to Article X.
(8) 
Special land uses. Additional regulations for special land uses are contained in Article VII.
A. 
Purpose and intent.
(1) 
It is the goal of this district to provide residential development in a waterfront recreational environment, located on an individual parcel, traditional subdivision, site condominium, planned unit development, or cluster housing option which is located in a geographic area recommended by the Comprehensive Development Plan for this type of development.
(2) 
It is further the intent and purpose of this district to permit development of waterfront residential properties within areas of the Township which may have, but are not required to have, public water and sewerage services.
B. 
Uses permitted by right. In the R-3 Waterfront Residential District, no building or parcel shall be used and no building erected except for one or more of the following specified uses, unless otherwise provided in this chapter.
(1) 
One-family dwelling.
(2) 
Public or private parkland of a noncommercial nature.
C. 
Uses permitted under special conditions. In addition to the general requirements of this district, the buildings and uses identified in this section shall meet the following additional requirements.
(1) 
Customary accessory uses and buildings, provided that such uses and buildings are incidental to the residential use. Any accessory use or building shall be located on the same parcel as the principal building or contiguous lot or lot separated by a road or private road.
(2) 
Waterfront access lots which meet the requirements of § 1-9.18.
D. 
Uses permitted by special use permit. The following uses of land and structures may be permitted in this district through the application and approval of a special use permit as provided for in Article VII of this chapter.
(1) 
Bed-and-breakfast.
(2) 
Public buildings or utility structures which exclude storage yards, substations and transformer stations.
(3) 
State-licensed day care or foster care providing care for any number of individuals.
(4) 
Planned unit developments.
(5) 
Public or private educational buildings or uses which receive site plan approval from the Planning Commission under Article VIII.
E. 
Site development standards. The following maximum and minimum standards shall apply to all uses and structures in the R-3 Waterfront Residential District.
(1) 
Dimensional requirements. All applicable requirements of Schedule A shall be met.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Schedule A, Zoning Ordinance–Dimensional Regulations, is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(2) 
Site plan review. Required under the guidelines established in § 1-8.2.
(3) 
Single-family dwellings, either constructed on site or off site, shall have a minimum gross foundation area of not less than not less than 1,040 square feet and a minimum width of 20 feet across any horizontal elevation, exclusive of basements, garages, porches and breezeways, unless otherwise allowed in the zoning district.
[Amended by 11-13-2014]
(4) 
Signage requirements. Refer to Article XI.
(5) 
Parking requirements. Refer to Article X.
(6) 
Special land uses. Additional regulations for special land uses are contained in Article VII.
A. 
Purpose and intent.
(1) 
It is the goal of this district to provide high-density residential development options in traditional subdivision, site condominium, planned unit development, or cluster housing options which are located in a geographic area which is recommended by the Comprehensive Development Plan.
(2) 
It is further the intent and purpose of this district to permit development of medium-density residential properties within areas of the Township which presently have, or are likely to have in the future, public water and sewerage services.
(3) 
Additionally, it is the intent of this district to permit the development of duplex and multiple-family residential structures through the review and approval of a special use permit.
B. 
Uses permitted by right. In the R-4 Residential District, no building or parcel shall be used and no building erected except for one or more of the following specified uses, unless otherwise provided in this chapter.
(1) 
One family dwelling, two-family dwellings, and multiple-family dwellings.
(2) 
Public buildings, including governmental, utility, or public service use; excluding storage yards, transformer stations, and substations.
(3) 
Public or private parkland of a noncommercial nature.
(4) 
Family day care or adult foster care providing care for six or less individuals.
C. 
Uses permitted under special conditions.
(1) 
In addition to the general requirements of this district, the buildings and uses identified in this section shall meet the following additional requirements:
(2) 
Customary accessory uses and buildings, provided that such uses and buildings are incidental to the principal use.
D. 
Uses permitted by special use permit. The following uses of land and structures may be permitted in this district through the application and approval of a special use permit as provided for in Article VII of this chapter.
(1) 
State-licensed day care or foster care providing care for more than seven individuals.
(2) 
Family accessory housing.
(3) 
Planned unit developments.
(4) 
Public or private educational buildings or uses which receive site plan approval from the Planning Commission under Article VIII.
(5) 
Seasonal, residential, recreational camps which meet the site development standards of the R-4 District.
(6) 
Mobile home parks.
E. 
Site development standards. The following maximum and minimum standards shall apply to all uses and structures in the R-4 Residential District.
(1) 
Dimensional requirements. All applicable requirements of Schedule A shall be met.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Schedule A, Zoning Ordinance–Dimensional Regulations, is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(2) 
Site plan review. Required under the guidelines established in § 1-8.2.
(3) 
Dwelling units, either constructed on site or off site, shall have a minimum gross foundation area of not less than 1,040 square feet and a minimum width of 20 feet across any horizontal elevation, exclusive of basements, garages, porches and breezeways, unless otherwise allowed in the zoning district.
[Amended by 11-13-2014]
(4) 
Duplex dwellings shall provide 10,000 square feet of land area per unit and shall meet the requirements of § 1-6.8E(3).
(5) 
Multiple-family dwellings shall provide a minimum parcel size of 20,000 square feet for the first unit and 5,000 square feet for each unit thereafter.
(6) 
Signage requirements. Refer to Article XI.
(7) 
Parking requirements. Refer to Article X.
(8) 
Special land uses. Additional regulations for special land uses are contained in Article VII.
A. 
Purpose and intent. It is the intent of this district to provide areas for low-intensive office, administrative and institutional uses in geographic locations where adequate public utilities are available and access is provided by primary streets. The location of this district shall be compatible with adjacent land uses.
B. 
Uses permitted by right:
(1) 
Offices for attorneys, accountants, architects, engineers, and similar professions.
(2) 
Offices for financial institutions, real estate offices, insurance offices, credit reporting agencies, business management and consulting, and similar business offices.
(3) 
Photographic studios.
(4) 
Professional services establishments providing human health care on an outpatient basis.
(5) 
Medical, optical and dental offices.
(6) 
Medical, optical and dental laboratories.
(7) 
Offices for nonprofit organizations, professional associations, labor unions, civic-social-fraternal organizations, political organizations, and religious organizations.
(8) 
Mortuaries and funeral homes, not including crematories.
(9) 
Religious institutions.
(10) 
Private educational facilities.
(11) 
Public buildings.
C. 
Permitted uses under special conditions. Uses permitted under special conditions shall meet the general conditions identified in Article VIII, Site Plan Review, and any requirements identified in Article IX, Supplemental Regulations.
(1) 
Temporary buildings.
(2) 
Accessory buildings and uses.
(3) 
Off-site parking (within 300 feet of principal use).
(4) 
Massage therapy with trained and licensed staff under State of Michigan Regulations for medical/health practices and services.
D. 
Uses permitted by special use permit pursuant to Article VII of this chapter:
(1) 
Public utility installations (pump or relay stations which are enclosed and unmanned).
(2) 
Child-care center providing care for 12 or more children (P.A. 116, 1973[1]).
[1]
Editor's Note: See MCLA § 722.111 et seq.
(3) 
Any other use which is, in the opinion of the Planning Commission, similar to the use permitted by right.
E. 
Dimensional requirements. The following maximum and minimum standards shall apply to all uses and structures in the O-1 Professional Office District.
(1) 
Dimensional requirements. Uses and structures in this district shall meet the requirements of Schedule A.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Schedule A, Zoning Ordinance–Dimensional Regulations, is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(2) 
Site plan review. Refer to Article VII.
(3) 
Signage requirements. Refer to Article XI.
(4) 
Parking requirements. Refer to Article X.
(5) 
Maximum building height. Refer to Schedule A.[3]
[3]
Editor's Note: Schedule A, Zoning Ordinance–Dimensional Regulations, is included as an attachment to this chapter.
A. 
Purpose and intent.
(1) 
It is the intent of this district to provide for a variety of commercial establishments, business firms, and professional offices by right that offer retail sales and services at logical and sound locations near the population being served which minimize the day for convenience goods and services. This district would permit a mixture of land uses utilizing a variety of setbacks, buffer yards and other means of screening so as to mitigate or minimize conflicts between neighboring, yet different, land uses.
(2) 
The district is also intended to provide for highway-oriented, shopping center, and general commercial development which are intended to serve a greater segment of the population under special conditions and special use permits. Whether the intensity of the commercial activity is high or relatively benign, the district shall be developed so as to not harm adjacent residential areas. Public utilities, public sanitary sewers and public water systems may be required before the larger, denser commercial development can proceed.
(3) 
Commercial land uses developed within this zoning district should be in conformance with the recommendations of the Comprehensive Development Plan.
B. 
Uses permitted by right:
(1) 
Arcades.
(2) 
Boardinghouses and lodging houses/bed-and-breakfasts.
(3) 
Convenience commercial establishments.
(4) 
Convenience retail.
(5) 
Comparison retail.
(6) 
General retail and department stores.
(7) 
Financial institutions, including drive-through services.
(8) 
Medical services.
(9) 
Motels and hotels.
(10) 
Offices.
(11) 
Personal and professional services.
(12) 
Rapid copy and FAX centers.
(13) 
Restaurants and taverns.
(14) 
Secondhand and antique stores.
(15) 
Mortuaries and funeral homes.
(16) 
Seasonal farm markets.
(17) 
Automobile parts sales and tire service.
(18) 
Public buildings, public recreation, and open space.
(19) 
Signs may be provided pursuant to Article XI.
(20) 
Single-family dwelling.
C. 
Uses permitted under special conditions. Uses permitted Under Special Conditions shall meet the general conditions identified in Article VIII, Site Plan Review, and any requirements identified in Supplemental Regulations (Article IX).
(1) 
Customary accessory uses and accessory buildings.
(2) 
Churches and other religious institutions.
(3) 
Commercial garages (site plan review).
(4) 
Drive-in facilities and theaters (site plan review).
(5) 
Convalescent/nursing homes (site plan review).
(6) 
Off-site parking (within 300 feet of principal use).
(7) 
Building materials, hardware, farm equipment and garden supply.
(8) 
Commercial site condominium development pursuant to Article V of this chapter.
(9) 
Automobile service stations.
(10) 
Retail greenhouse and nurseries.
(11) 
Vehicle sales and service, recreational vehicles.
(12) 
Planned shopping centers with less than 100,000 square feet of floor space.
(13) 
Adult entertainment (Article IX).
(14) 
Premanufactured housing display and sales (major arterial and site plan review).
(15) 
Temporary outdoor uses in accordance with Article IX of this chapter.
D. 
Uses permitted by special use permit. The following uses of land and structures may be permitted in this district through the application and approval of a special use permit as provided for in Article VII of this chapter. The land uses identified in this section may have additional regulations specified Article VII of this chapter.
(1) 
Planned shopping center and shopping mall (ten-acre minimum).
(2) 
Commercial recreational activities.
(3) 
Child-care center for 12 or more persons (Michigan Public Act 116 of 1973[1]).
[1]
Editor's Note: See MCLA § 722.111 et seq.
(4) 
Public service and utility maintenance installations and storage facilities.
(5) 
Commercial indoor weapons firing range.
(6) 
Mini warehousing.
(7) 
General building contractor establishment with or without outdoor storage.
(8) 
Clinics: veterinary and animal hospital (when entirely indoors).
(9) 
Processor facility.
[Added 12-12-2019]
(10) 
Safety compliance facility.
[Added 12-12-2019]
(11) 
Secure transporter facility.
[Added 12-12-2019]
E. 
Site development standards. The following maximum and minimum standards shall apply to all uses and structures in the C-1 District.
(1) 
Dimensional requirements. Structures and uses within the C-1 Commercial District shall meet the lot area, lot width, yard setback, lot coverage, and height requirement as identified in Schedule A.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Schedule A, Zoning Ordinance–Dimensional Regulations, is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(2) 
All commercial and business development under this section shall be subject to site plan review as specified in Article VIII of this chapter.
(3) 
Solid waste. All business and commercial establishments shall provide an approved solid waste disposal system. Trash receptacles/dumpsters shall be subject to site plan review.
(4) 
All exterior lighting shall be directed toward the interior of the site and not represent a nuisance to adjacent properties.
A. 
Purpose and intent.
(1) 
It is the intent of this district to provide for a variety of heavy commercial and light industrial uses by right which are characterized by relatively low traffic generation and the absence of objectionable external effects in areas of the Township affording direct access to county primary roads, railroads and airports. Such areas are intended to have existing utilities, adequate water source, adequate sewer and adequate stormwater drainage or retention. Such industrial areas should be free of noncompatible uses and designed so as not to harm adjoining land uses. In addition, this district is intended to provide for more intense industrial development with the approval of a special use permit in settings which are conducive to public health, economic stability and growth, protection from blight, deterioration and nonindustrial encroachment, and efficient traffic movement, including employee and truck traffic. Land conducive to this intense development shall be located on roadways and provided with public sanitary sewer, where possible, adequate water supply and stormwater drainage.
(2) 
Industrial and manufacturing uses of land and/or structures should be in conformance with the recommendations of the Comprehensive Development Plan.
B. 
Uses permitted by right:
(1) 
Sales and service of building materials, farm equipment, garden supplies, heavy equipment, new mobile and modular homes, semitrailers, and containers.
(2) 
Heavy construction companies.
(3) 
Jobbing and machine shops.
(4) 
Mini warehousing/storage.
(5) 
Manufacturing (light).
(6) 
Printing/publishing houses.
(7) 
Research and development establishments.
(8) 
Warehousing.
(9) 
Monument and art stone production.
(10) 
Processing of machine parts.
(11) 
Trade/industrial schools.
(12) 
Fabricating of small metal products.
(13) 
Contractor establishments.
(14) 
Grain and feed elevators.
(15) 
Nursery or greenhouse.
(16) 
Crop land and horticulture without livestock.
(17) 
Public and private noncommercial parks and recreation facilities.
(18) 
Signs pursuant to Article XI of this chapter.
(19) 
Junkyards.
C. 
Uses permitted under special conditions. Uses permitted under special conditions shall meet the general conditions identified in this section, Article VIII, Site Plan Review, and any requirements identified in Article IX, Supplemental Regulations.
(1) 
Public service and utility maintenance and storage facilities.
(2) 
Commercial indoor weapons range.
(3) 
Open outdoor storage.
(4) 
Truck terminal.
(5) 
Off-site parking (within 300 feet of principal use).
(6) 
Industrial laundry.
(7) 
Wholesale business without storage of flammable liquids or combustible material.
(8) 
Office incidental to the industrial use.
(9) 
Restaurant or tavern without drive-through service.
(10) 
Veterinary clinic and animal hospital with indoor kennels.
D. 
Uses permitted by special use permit pursuant to Article VII of this chapter:
(1) 
The aboveground or underground storage and sale of hazardous materials, if permitted by and in compliance with state and federal law and regulations.
[Amended 4-12-2018]
(2) 
Cement and asphalt plants.
(3) 
Communication/commercial towers.
(4) 
Drop forging, punch pressing, plating, and chemical processes.
(5) 
Metal and wood stripping establishments.
(6) 
Industrial parks.
(7) 
Automobile salvage and junkyards.
(8) 
Livestock auction yard and livestock transport facilities.
(9) 
Refineries and power generating plants.
(10) 
Rail terminals.
(11) 
Meat or poultry processing plant and/or slaughterhouses.
(12) 
Dry bulk blending plant and/or handling of liquid.
(13) 
Nitrogen fertilizer and anhydrous ammonia.
(14) 
Repair and temporary storage of damaged mobile homes.
(15) 
Wood processing facility.
(16) 
Impound lots.
(17) 
Junkyards.
(18) 
Grower facility: Class A, Class B and Class C, as regulated under § 1-7.2J. However, the grower facilities must be in a fully enclosed building; there are no outdoor grower facilities permitted in I-1.
[Added 12-12-2019]
(19) 
Processor facility.
[Added 12-12-2019]
(20) 
Safety compliance facility.
[Added 12-12-2019]
(21) 
Secure transporter facility.
[Added 12-12-2019]
E. 
Site development requirements. The following maximum and minimum standards shall apply to all uses and structures in the I-1 District.
(1) 
Dimensional requirements. Structures and uses within the I-1 District shall meet the lot area, lot width, lot setback, lot coverage, and height requirement as identified in Schedule A.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Schedule A, Zoning Ordinance–Dimensional Regulations, is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(2) 
External areas for storage are permitted when screened on all sides by an opaque fence of not less than six feet in height.
(3) 
All industrial developments and/or expansions shall be subject to site plan review, including landscaping requirements as specified in Article VIII of this chapter.
[Added 12-12-2002]
A. 
Purpose and intent.
(1) 
In accordance with Public Act 177 of 2002,[1] this district is intended to provide an alternative to traditional subdivisions pursuant to the Zoning Enabling Act (P.A. 110 of 2006, MCLA § 125.3101 et seq.) for the purpose of encouraging the use of Township land in accordance with its character and adaptability; assuring the permanent preservation of open space, agricultural lands, and other natural resources; allowing innovation and greater flexibility in the design of the residential developments; facilitating the construction and maintenance of streets, utilities and public services in a more economical and efficient manner; ensuring compatibility of design and use between neighboring properties; and encouraging a less sprawling form of development, thus preserving open space as undeveloped land.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 20, Code Adoption, Art. II)]
[1]
Editor's Note: See MCLA § 322.319.
(2) 
Open space development has numerous environmental and community benefits, including:
(a) 
Reduces the impervious cover in a development. Impervious cover contributes to degradation of water resources by increasing the volume of surface runoff and preventing infiltration of rainfall into the soil surface.
(b) 
Reduces pollutant loads to streams and other water resources.
(c) 
Reduces soil erosion potential by reducing the amount of clearing and grading on the site.
(d) 
Preserves green space.
(e) 
Preserves open space for recreation.
(f) 
Reduces the capital cost of development.
(g) 
Reduces the cost of stormwater management.
(h) 
Provides a wider range of feasible sites to manage stormwater.
(i) 
Reduces the cost of public services needed by the development.
(j) 
Can increase future property values.
(k) 
Preserves/creates wildlife habitat.
(l) 
Creates a sense of community and pedestrian movement.
(m) 
Can support other community planning goals, such as farmland preservation, affordable housing and architectural diversity.
(3) 
It is the desire of Lawrence Township to protect the natural community resources by promoting open space development within the jurisdiction. These regulations are intended to preserve a traditional rural character to the land use pattern within the Township through the creation of small residential nodes contrasting with open space and less intensive land uses. These regulations are intended to result in a specific development substantially consistent with zoning ordinance standards, yet allow for modifications from the general standards. The Open Space Overlay District shall be established as an overlay district applicable to the following districts:
(a) 
A-1 Agricultural District.
(b) 
R-1 Rural Residential District.
(c) 
R-2 Medium Density Residential.
B. 
Scope. For the purposes of this article, an "open space community" is defined as a predominately single-family residential development in which dwelling units are placed in close proximity in one or more groupings within a defined project area. The dwelling units are separated from adjacent properties or other groupings of dwellings by substantial open space that is and will remain in an undeveloped state. Dwelling units other than single-family units, such as duplexes, attached condominium units, or apartments, commercial, office, and those permitted in the underlying district, are permitted when the project has a minimum gross site area of 25 acres.
C. 
Eligibility.
(1) 
Minimum project size. The minimum size of an open space community shall be five acres of contiguous land.
(2) 
Open space. The proposed development shall preserve a minimum of 50% of the gross land area as open space, maintained in an undeveloped state.
(3) 
Unified control. The proposed development shall be under single ownership or control, such that there is a single person or entity having proprietary responsibility for the full completion of the project. The applicant shall provide sufficient documentation of ownership or control in the form of agreements, contracts, covenants, and/or deed restrictions that indicate that the development will be completed in its entirety as proposed.
(4) 
Open space requirements:
(a) 
The applicant shall guarantee to the satisfaction of the Township Planning Commission that all open space portions of the development will be set aside by the developer through an irrevocable conveyance that is found acceptable to the Planning Commission, such as recorded deed restrictions, covenants that run perpetually with the land or a conservation easement.
(b) 
The conveyance shall assure that the open space will be protected from all forms of development, except as shown on an approved site plan, and shall never be changed to another use. The conveyance shall also indicate the proposed allowable use(s) of the dedicated open space; require that the dedicated open space be maintained by parties who have an ownership interest in the open space (such as a homeowner's association); provide standards for scheduled maintenance of the open space; and provide for maintenance to be undertaken by Lawrence Township in the event that the dedicated open space is inadequately maintained or is determined by the Township to be a public nuisance, with the assessment of costs upon the property owners.
(c) 
The conveyance shall provide that residents of the development have access to the open space at all times and dictate whether open space is for the sole benefit of the development or may be open to residents of the Township.
(d) 
The following land areas are not included as dedicated open space for the purposes of this article: setbacks and lawns (lots), the area of any street right-of-way or any portion of the project used for commercial purposes.
(e) 
The dedicated open space shall forever remain open space, subject only to uses approved by the Township on the approved site plan. Further subdivision of open space land or its use for other than recreation, conservation or agricultural purposes (except for easements for utilities and septic systems) shall be strictly prohibited. Any changes to the open space not designated on the approved plan shall be approved by the Lawrence Township Planning Commission.
(f) 
The following are considered high priorities for inclusion in designated open space: resource buffers, high-quality forest resources, individual trees, critical flora/fauna habitat areas and/or high-quality soil resources.
(g) 
At least 75% of designated open space shall be contiguous, with no portion less than 100 feet wide.
(h) 
Impervious cover, tennis courts, paved walkways, picnic shelters, etc.) shall not exceed 5% of the total open space area.
D. 
Design criteria.
(1) 
The total number of residential units allowable within an open space development shall not exceed the number of units that would otherwise be allowed in the existing zoning district using conventional development after exempting out all existing and proposed road and utility rights-of-way and any land that includes wetlands, submerged areas, land within the 100-year floodplain, and slopes of 25% or greater.
(2) 
Frontage distance may be reduced to 25% of the underlying zoning district requirements.
(3) 
Rear, front, and side yard setbacks may be reduced to 50% of the requirements in the underlying zoning district.
(4) 
Lot size may be reduced to 25% of the area required in the underlying district.
(5) 
Irregular lot shapes and shared driveways are permitted in open space design.
(6) 
Open space developments may incorporate duplex, attached residential units and/or apartment units so long as the overall permitted density of the development are maintained.
(7) 
Open space developments may incorporate commercial land use components, provided that the following are met:
(a) 
The total area occupied by the commercial land uses may not exceed 5% of the gross area of the open space community, or a maximum of five acres, whichever is less.
(b) 
All commercial uses shall be compatible with the residential area.
(c) 
The Planning Commission finds that the architectural design of the structures is compatible with the balance of the development.
(d) 
All commercial structures are connected to a pedestrian access system servicing the project.
(e) 
All parking and loading areas serving the commercial uses shall be to the rear of the commercial structure and fully screened from view of any public roadway.
(f) 
The allowable commercial uses within such an area shall be recorded as a deed restriction on the property and shall be restricted to the following:
[1] 
Food and beverage stores.
[2] 
Personal service establishments such as hair salons, barbershops, tailors, dry-clean pickup and dropoff (no processing) and similar uses.
[3] 
Child-care/day-care centers, preschool, public and private K through 12 schools.
[4] 
Convalescent homes and retirement homes.
[5] 
Offices for professionals, including doctor, dentist, attorney, engineer, accountant, architect, financial consultant or broker, publisher, real estate, secretarial services and similar uses.
(8) 
Direct access onto a county road shall be required for an open space community.
(9) 
If an existing use of the property shall remain after the open space development is approved, it must be incorporated into the development plan.
(10) 
Signs shall be permitted pursuant to Article XI.
E. 
Site plan review and approval process.
(1) 
An application for approval of an open space community plan shall be executed by or on behalf of the landowner and filed with the Township Building Official. A filing fee as set forth by resolution of the Township Board, payable to the Township, shall be submitted with the application.
(2) 
Plan requirements. A site plan shall be required per Article VIII of this chapter, regardless of uses. Additionally, the applicant shall be required to submit the following.
(a) 
Statement of purpose.
(b) 
General plan of development, including designation of proposed land uses by relative intensity and proportion of land area intended for each land use.
(c) 
Program and time line of development outlining the proposed stages of development. In the case of plans which call for development over a period of years, a schedule showing the time within which application for final approval of all parts of the planned development are intended to the filed.
(d) 
The location, function, ownership and manner of maintenance of common open space.
(e) 
The use, location, approximate height, bulk and location of buildings and other structures.
(f) 
The plan for disposition of sanitary waste and stormwater.
(g) 
The substance of covenants, grants of easement or other restrictions to be imposed upon the use of the land, buildings and structures, including proposed easements for public utilities.
(h) 
The location and width of proposed streets and the relationship of proposed streets and other public facilities in proximity to the development.
(i) 
The proposed conditions and form of performance bonds or irrevocable bank letters of credit to ensure the proper implementation of the plan.
(3) 
A public hearing shall be held by the Planning Commission on the tentative plan for an open space community, and a report and recommendation thereof submitted to the Township Board.
(4) 
The Township Board shall hold a public hearing on the tentative plan. The tentative plan may be approved, approved subject to modifications, or rejected by the Township Board, after a report and recommendation from the Planning Commission.
(5) 
Approval by the Township Board of a tentative plan shall constitute the rezoning of the subject land to OS, open space.
(6) 
Approval by the Township Board of a tentative plan shall qualify an area for application for approval of a final plan and development as an open space community for two years. If a final plan is not approved for development within such time, the Board may extend the designation for an additional two-year period, or initiate rezoning proceedings to redesignate the property to the land use classification previously existing or the land use that would be deemed suitable for the property.
(7) 
Final plan for development of open space.
(a) 
A final plan for development of the open space community shall be submitted to the Planning Commission for review and approval. The application for approval conditions and form of bonds as were set forth by resolution at the time of tentative approval. In accordance with the schedule proposed in the application for a tentative approval, the applicant may elect to submit for final approval on a portion of the development. The final plan shall be in substantial compliance with the previously approved tentative plan approved by the Township Board and shall not:
[1] 
Involve a reduction of the area set aside for common open space;
[2] 
Increase by more than 10% the gross floor area proposed for nonresidential uses; and/or
[3] 
Increase by more than 5% the total ground area covered by buildings.
(b) 
If the final plan varies more than the limits set forth in Subsection E(7)(a)[1] through [3] above, the Township Board must approve the final plan after a public hearing.
(8) 
After a final plan is approved, construction must start within 12 months. If development is not begun within such time, the final plan must be resubmitted for approval.