Town of Lexington, MA
Middlesex County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Adopted 3-25-2019 ATM by Art. 31]
The purpose of this bylaw is to reduce and eliminate the sale and distribution of single-use plastic beverage straws and stirrers in all food establishments, retail stores, and Town Buildings and Premises in the Town of Lexington. The production and use of single-use plastic beverage straws and stirrers has detrimental impacts on the environment, is not recyclable in municipal programs, and requires the use of fossil fuel for their manufacture.
By restricting the sale and distribution of single-use plastic beverage straws and stirrers in Lexington and requiring those products to be replaced with reusable or compostable products, this bylaw will help protect public health and the natural environment, waterways and wildlife.
COMPOSTABLE
Products that are made entirely of organic materials, such as wood, paper, bagasse, cellulose or plant-based plastic that meet the American Society for Testing and Materials (ATSM) International Standard D6400, or its replacement, or that are certified compostable by the Biodegradable Products Institute (BPI).
FOOD ESTABLISHMENT
Any operation that stores, prepares, packages, serves, vends or otherwise provides food for human consumption, as further defined in the State Food Code, 105 CMR 590.001.
RETAIL STORE
An establishment that offers the sale and display of merchandise within a building.
REUSABLE
Products that are cleanable and durable and which can be used more than once in their same form.
SINGLE-USE PLASTIC BEVERAGE STRAWS AND STIRRERS
Beverage straws and stirrers made of any type of petroleum-based plastic that cannot be, or are not compostable and are not intended to be reusable.
TOWN BUILDING OR PREMISES
A building or land owned or used by the Town for municipal or school purposes.
Except as expressly set forth in this bylaw, single-use plastic beverage straws and stirrers shall not be distributed or sold at food establishments, retail stores, or Town Buildings and Premises with a floor area of 10,000 square feet or more in the Town of Lexington on or after January 1, 2020. Single-use plastic beverage straws and stirrers shall not be distributed or sold at food establishments, retail stores, or Town Buildings and Premises with a floor area of less than 10,000 square feet in the Town of Lexington on or after July 1, 2020.
A. 
In the event that compliance with this bylaw is not feasible by January 1, 2020, for a food establishment or retail store or a Town building or premises, (or by July 1, 2020, for food establishment or retail store or a Town building or premises with a floor area less than 10,000 square feet), because of either unavailability of alternative straws and stirrers or economic hardship, the Town Manager or Town Manager's designee may grant a waiver of not more than six months upon application of the owner or owner's representative. The Town Manager or Town Manager's designee may provide one additional six-month waiver upon showing of continued infeasibility or hardship, as set forth above.
B. 
A food establishment or retail store or a Town building or premises may, when requested and when reusable or compostable straws are either not feasible or not available, distribute single-use plastic straws for persons who request such straws for health-related reasons.
Enforcement of this bylaw shall be the responsibility of the Town Manager or Town Manager's designee. The Town Manager or Town Manager's designee shall determine the inspection process to be followed, incorporating the process into other Town duties as appropriate. Any food establishment, retail store, or Town building or premises selling or distributing single-use plastic beverage straws or stirrers in violation of this bylaw shall be subject to a noncriminal disposition fine as specified in § 1-6 of the Town Bylaws under MGL c. 40, § 21D. Any such fines shall be paid to the Town of Lexington.