Township of Branchburg, NJ
Somerset County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Ord. #53-88]
As used in this chapter:
ARTIFICIAL
Shall mean concrete, masonry, or other structures intended or used for bathing or swimming either indoors or outdoors, the water for which is supplied by artificial means or can be controlled so as to permit the water to be filtered and the swimming or bathing area to be emptied for cleaning.
PARTLY ARTIFICIAL
Shall mean swimming pools formed artificially by the impounding of streams and bathing areas established in or along streams, natural ponds, or lakes or bodies of water impounded by artificial means.
PERSON
Shall mean either a natural person, partnership, association, corporation, or any natural or legal entity.
PUBLIC
Shall mean all such establishments where members of the public are customarily admitted upon payment of admission or other fees, membership dues, or by general permission of the owner or operator thereof.
SWIMMING POOL AND BATHING AREA
Shall mean all pools, streams, or other bodies of water, or portions thereof used for swimming or bathing, whether used indoors or outdoors and whether of natural or of artificial or partly artificial, and shall include all buildings, structures, premises, beaches and appurtenances used in connection therewith.
[Ord. #53-88]
No person shall construct or make changes in public artificial or partly artificial swimming pool or bathing area, including the buildings and structures, premises, beaches and appurtenances used in connection therewith, if such construction or changes are of a nature which may affect the public health, until plans and specifications therefore shall have first been submitted to and approved by the board of health. When granting such approval, the board may direct such modifications or impose such conditions as it shall deem the public health may require.
[Ord. #53-88]
No person shall operate, conduct or maintain any public swimming or bathing area within the township without having first obtained from the board of health a license for such purpose and paid an annual fee of $75 to the board of health for the license. When the license is issued, it is subject to the provisions of this chapter and such additional sanitary safeguards in respect to the premises to be used as the board shall deem that the public health may require. The license shall set forth the method of disinfecting and treatment of the water which shall be used by the owners or operators and the maximum number of persons who shall be allowed to use such pool or beach at any one time and during any bathing period.
The license shall expire on May 1 following the date of issue thereof, and may be revoked by the board for any violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or any of the additional safeguards prescribed by the board in granting such license.
The license shall be posted conspicuously at such pool or beach.
[Ord. #53-88]
Artificial swimming pools shall be so designed and constructed as to facilitate emptying and cleaning, and shall be maintained and operated in such a manner as to be clean and sanitary at all times. In new artificial swimming pools, inlets and outlets shall be so located and spaced as to secure satisfactory dispersion of the inflowing water throughout the pool. Partly artificial swimming pools and bathing areas shall be so designed as to insure the utmost dispersion of inflowing waters throughout the pools and area, and if possible, to permit draining, cleaning and disinfecting of the bottom and sides.
[Ord. #53-88]
There shall be no physical connection between a potable public or private water supply system and a pool structure at a point below the maximum flow line of the pool or to a recirculating or heating system of a pool unless such physical connection is so installed and so operated that no pool water can be discharged or siphoned into a potable water supply system.
[Ord. #53-88]
A pool located on a water shed of a spring, lake, stream or other body of water and used as a source of public water supply shall be so located and operated as not to create a menace to such supply.
[Ord. #53-88]
a. 
Dressing rooms provided at swimming pools and bathing areas shall be sanitary and adequate. The board shall have authority to prescribe when dressing rooms shall be provided at any swimming pool or bathing area.
b. 
Adequate shower bath facilities shall be provided at all swimming pools, bathing areas accommodating 100 or more persons at one time.
c. 
Sanitary toilet facilities, adequate and accessible, shall be provided for both sexes at all swimming pools and bathing areas accommodating 25 persons or more at one time to the extent of at least one toilet for every 100 females and one toilet and one urinal for every 200 males which such premises have the capacity to accommodate and are permitted to accommodate at one time. The sewerage or excreta from toilet facilities provided in the vicinity of any swimming pool or bathing area shall be disposed of in a sanitary manner as not to pollute the water used for bathing.
[Ord. #53-88]
a. 
No two successive samples of water collected from any swimming pool or bathing area on different days, not more than 10% of such samples covering any three-month period, shall contain more than 500 bacterial colonies per cubic centimeter when incubated for 24 hours at 37° C. on agar or lactose agar medium. Nor more than two out of five of the 10 cubic centimeter portions of any one sample of the water supply admitted or flowing into the swimming pool or bathing area, or the water of any part of any swimming pool or bathing area, when in use, or more than 30% of the 10 cubic centimeters portions of all of the samples collected on the same day shall show a positive test for the organism of the bacillus coli group.
b. 
The water in an artificial or partly artificial swimming pool or bathing area where alum is used as a coagulant shall be maintained at all times in such an alkaline condition that the pH value of the water therein shall exceed 7.0 at all times. When the water in the artificial or partly artificial swimming pool or bathing area shall be affected with chlorine in the presence of ammonia, pH value of the water shall not exceed 7.6.
c. 
All chemical and bacterial analysis provided for in these regulations shall be made in accordance with the procedures recommended in the standard methods of water analysis approved by the board.
d. 
Water admitted to artificial swimming pools and bathing areas shall be filtered or purified by chlorination in a manner approved by the board of health. The bottom and sides (walls) of artificial pools shall be kept visibly (reasonably) free from sediment and visible dirt. Visible scum or floating matter on the surface of the water of any such pool or bathing area shall be removed at least once daily.
e. 
Samples of water in any such swimming pool or bathing area for analysis to determine the sanitary quality of the water shall be collected by the health officer, or by any designated sanitary inspector, as often as the board may deem necessary. Such samples shall be taken while the swimming pool or bathing area is in use and as far as is possible, at the time of the maximum use thereof by bathers.
[Ord. #53-88]
Failure to maintain the sanitary quality of the water in any such swimming pool or bathing area prescribed by this chapter, or to restore such water to the required quality within the time directed by the board of health, shall, in the instance of artificial pools and bathing area, be deemed sufficient cause for revocation of license therefore. In the instance of partly artificial pools or the natural swimming pools and bathing areas, such failure shall constitute prima facie cause for such revocation, but bacterial analysis alone shall not be the determining factor, and, in addition, thereto, the board shall take into consideration such information as may be derived from a sanitary survey of the drainage area, dilution, by inflowing water and overflow of the outlet.
[Ord. #53-88]
a. 
Where quality of water depends upon continuous chlorination in any artificial or partly artificial pool or bathing area, the total number of bathers permitted to use the same during a bathing period of 30 minutes shall not exceed 15 persons per each 1,000 gallons of chlorinated water added to such pool or bathing area during that period, provided the water in all parts of such pool or bathing area at all times when in use shall contain at least 0.3 parts per million residual chlorine when chlorine alone is used, or 0.7 parts per million residual chlorine when chlorine is in the presence of ammonia used, as determined by the orthotolidine test. No greater number of persons shall be admitted to any swimming pool or bathing area at one time than the maximum fixed in the license therefore issued by the board.
b. 
Where the quality of water depends upon intermittent disinfection and replacement of water, at any artificial or partly artificial swimming pool or bathing area where the addition of disinfectant is not continuous during the admission of water to such pool or bathing area, the total number of persons permitted to use such pool or bathing area between any two consecutive replacements of the water therein shall not exceed 15 persons for each 1,000 gallons of water therein, and all such pools or bathing areas shall be disinfected at least once every day when in use, and the number of applications and the amount of disinfectant added shall be sufficient to insure that the water in all parts of any such pool or bathing areas when in use shall contain not less than 0.3 parts per million residual chlorine when chlorine alone is used, or 0.7 parts per million residual chlorine when chlorine in the presence of ammonia is used as determined by the orthotolidine test.
[Ord. #53-88]
Every swimming pool or bathing area accommodating 25 persons or more at one time shall be under the personal supervision of operators and competent attendants, who shall require a careful observance of sanitary regulations prescribed in this chapter in relation thereto and the requirements of the permit issued for such swimming pool or bathing area. At all such pools or bathing areas where artificial circulation, filtration, or any chemical treatment of the water therein is used, full daily records shall also be kept showing the actual length of time pumps and filters are in operation, when each filter is washed or cleaned, when the bottom and sides of such pool or bathing area are cleaned, the results of at least one test for residual chlorine made at the end of each bathing period. Such records shall be submitted to the board of health, or to its officers or agents, upon demand.
[Ord. #53-88]
a. 
All bathing suits and towels shall be rinsed and washed with soap and hot water, rinsed and thoroughly dried after each use thereof.
b. 
Urinating, expectorating or blowing the nose in any pool or bathing area is prohibited.
c. 
No person having skin lesions, sore or inflamed eyes, mouth, nose or ear discharges, or who shall be known to the health officer to be a carrier of any contagious or communicable disease shall use any swimming pool or bathing area.
d. 
At every swimming pool and public bathing area where dressing rooms are available, one or more foot baths shall be provided at suitable points in which fungicidal solutions shall be maintained in adequate concentrations to prevent the development of mycotic infections.
Placards reciting the regulations governing such pools and bathing areas shall be posted conspicuously at such pools and bathing areas and enclosures, and in the dressing rooms and offices of such pools.
[Ord. #53-88]
No public swimming pool or bathing area shall be operated or used between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and dawn.