City of Columbia, IL
Monroe County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Columbia as Ch. 15.48 of the 1997 Code. Amendments noted where applicable.]
This chapter shall be referred to as the "Industrial Standards Code of the City."
The purpose and intent of this chapter is to encourage orderly industrial development in the City, and to ensure that such development will be compatible with surrounding existing and proposed uses of land, as well as ensuring the protection and welfare of all the citizens of the City. The standards contained herein shall be applied to all industrial uses located within the City.
A. 
Noise. For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions pertaining to noise are adopted:
DECIBEL
A unit of measurement of the intensity of sound (the sound pressure level).
IMPACT NOISE ANALYZER
An instrument used in conjunction with the sound level meter to measure intensities of short-duration sounds.
OCTAVE BAND
One of a series of eight bands which cover the normal range of frequencies included in sound measurements. Such octave bands serve to define the sound in terms of its pitch components.
OCTAVE BAND ANALYZER
An instrument used in conjunction with a sound level meter to measure sound in each of eight octave bands.
SOUND LEVEL METER
An instrument standardized by the American Standards Association used for measurement of the intensity of sound and which is calibrated in decibels.
B. 
Vibration. For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions pertaining to vibration are adopted:
FREQUENCY
The number of oscillations per second of a vibration.
IMPACT VIBRATIONS
Earth-borne oscillations occurring in discrete pulses at or less than 100 pulses per minute.
STEADY-STATE VIBRATIONS
Earth-borne oscillations that are continuous. Discrete pulses that occur more frequently than 100 times per minute shall be considered to be steady-state vibrations.
THREE-COMPONENT MEASURING SYSTEM
A device for recording the intensity of any vibration in three mutually perpendicular directions.
C. 
Smoke, odorous matter and toxic matter. For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions pertaining to smoke, odorous matter and toxic matter are adopted:
COMBUSTION FOR INDIRECT HEATING
The burning of fuel in equipment, such as steam boilers, water or air heaters, stills or brew kettles, where there is no contact between the products of combustion and the materials being heated.
DUST
Solid particular matter capable of being air- or gas-borne.
PARTICULAR MATTER
Any finely divided liquid or solid matter capable of being air- or gas-borne.
PROCESS WEIGHT
The total weight of all materials used in any process which discharges dust into the atmosphere. Such materials shall include solid fuels, but not liquid or gaseous fuels or combustion air.
SMOKE
Any visible emission into the open air from any source, except emissions of an uncontaminated water vapor.
SMOKE UNIT
A measure of the quantity of smoke being discharged; and is the number obtained by multiplying the smoke density in a standard smoke chart number by the time of emission in minutes. For example, the emission of standard smoke chart Number 1 for one minute equals one smoke unit.
STANDARD SMOKE CHART NUMBERS
The numbers on the standard smoke chart indicating graduations of light-obscuring capacity of smoke.
D. 
Fire, explosives, humidity, heat and glare. For the purposes of this chapter, the following definitions pertaining to fire, explosives, humidity, heat and glare are adopted:
FLAMMABLE OR EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS
Materials which produce flammable or explosive vapors or gases under ordinary weather temperature, including liquids with an open cup flash point of less than 100° F.
FREE-BURNING MATERIALS
Materials constituting an active fuel.
INTENSE BURNING MATERIALS
Materials which by virtue of low ignition temperature, high rate of burning and large heat evolution burn with intensity.
MODERATE BURNING MATERIALS
Materials which in themselves burn moderately and may contain small quantities of a higher grade of combustibility.
OPEN CUP FLASH POINT
The temperature at which a liquid sample produces sufficient vapor to flash but not ignite when in contact with a flame in a Tagliabue open cup tester.
ORIGINAL SEALED CONTAINERS
Containers with a capacity of not more than 55 gallons.
SLOW BURNING MATERIALS
Materials which in themselves burn moderately and may contain small quantities of a higher grade of combustibility.
The following site standards are herewith established and must be adhered to by all industries located in an industrial site or park:
A. 
The minimum parcel size shall be no less than two acres.
B. 
The minimum land-to-building ratio shall be four to one.
C. 
The minimum building setback from the main roads shall be 50 feet; such setbacks to be appropriately landscaped.
D. 
The minimum side lot setback shall be 30 feet, of which no more than 10 feet may be utilized towards a buffer strip.
E. 
A twenty-foot landscaped buffer strip must be maintained between developed parcels, unless the usage is nonindustrial.
F. 
Loading facilities shall be located only at the sides or rear of buildings.
[Amended 4-6-2009 by Ord. No. 2714]
The following minimum provisions relating to types of industry and architecture must be complied with:
A. 
Plans of all proposed buildings must be submitted to the Building Official for approval prior to commencement of construction to assure compliance with all appropriate building construction requirements of the Building Code, the Zoning Code, if applicable, the National Flood Insurance Standards, and all provisions of this chapter.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
B. 
All buildings must have a sprinkler system for fire protection or be constructed in accordance with the Columbia Building Codes.
C. 
The exteriors on all sides of buildings shall be constructed of materials considered first-class exterior finish. In the case of expansion walls only, standard concrete blocks will be allowed as the finish of an exterior wall, except that such finish shall not be allowed on street exposed walls. Stucco is not considered a first-class finish for purposes of this chapter.
D. 
All structures (except motor vehicle storage or other outside storage structures) must be elevated one foot above or floodproofed above the base flood elevation (one-hundred-year flood).
E. 
No construction shall be allowed in a floodway, nor shall any construction be allowed in any natural ponding area necessary to store stormwater runoff, which would reduce storage capacity and induce flooding in other areas unless the stormwater collected in such ponding areas is diverted to man-made detention areas of sufficient size to hold such diverted waters.
F. 
All outside storage facilities must be appropriately screened on all sides.
The following minimum off-street parking requirements shall be complied with:
A. 
All parking shall be to the rear or sides of buildings, except that visitor parking may be allowed on front lots, provided same is appropriately screened and set back not less than 20 feet from the front property line.
B. 
All parking lots shall be paved and properly lighted. Lighting fixtures shall be placed so that lights do not shine into adjoining uses.
C. 
All nonpassenger car (e.g., truck) parking shall be to the rear of the building in separate parking facilities from passenger car parking; except pickup trucks, which may park on the passenger lot.
D. 
The minimum number of parking spaces shall be:
(1) 
One 300-square-foot parking space for every two industrial employees on the largest work shift; plus
(2) 
One space for each vehicle used in the operation of the industrial concern; plus
(3) 
One 300-square-foot space for every office worker on the premises at the peak time of operation; plus
(4) 
Additional space for visitors.
E. 
All required parking shall be on the same lot as the proposed structure.
For purposes of this chapter, the following street requirements shall be complied with:
A. 
To ensure the smooth flow of traffic and easy access to individual parcels, all interior roads shall have a 100-foot right-of-way reserved and such roads shall be constructed with a minimum forty-foot pavement. Any turnarounds will have a sixty-foot radius.
B. 
All interior roads shall be constructed to meet existing requirements of the City for street construction.
C. 
Lighting shall be required at each intersection, along streets and turnabouts.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Original Sec. 15.48.08 of the 1997 Code, Sidetrack requirements, which immediately followed this section, was repealed at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I).
All off-site and on-site utilities must be provided by the developer, solely at the developer's expense, and conform to all applicable City, state and/or federal requirements, except that the City may provide certain off-site utilities by serving notice of its intention to do so upon the developer at least one year prior to the actual demonstrated need for such utility service.
Commercial facilities may be provided on an industrial site or within an industrial park to serve employees and visitors. Such facilities may include a branch bank, restaurants, service stores, office buildings and a motel, and shall be constructed in accordance with the appropriate codes of the City governing such construction.
[Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I)]
The following minimum noise and vibration standards must be complied with:
A. 
Noise.
(1) 
For purposes of measuring the intensity of frequency of sound, the sound level meter, the octave band analyzer, and the impact noise analyzer shall be employed. The "C" network and the "slow" meter response of the sound level meter shall be used. Sounds of short duration, such as forge hammers, punch presses, etc., which cannot be measured accurately with the sound level meter shall be measured with the impact analyzer as manufactured by the General Radio Company, or its equivalent, in order to determine the peak value of the impact.
(2) 
The sound pressure level resulting from any activity, whether open or enclosed, shall not exceed, at any point on or beyond any lot line, the maximum permitted decibel levels for the octave band as set forth in the following table:
Maximum Permitted Sound Pressure Level
Frequency
(cycles per second)
Sound Pressure Level
(decibels)
Below 75
79
75 to 149.99
74
150 to 299.99
66
300 to 599.99
59
600 to 1,199.99
53
1,200 to 2,399.99
47
2,400 and over
41
B. 
Vibration.
(1) 
No activity shall cause or create a steady state of vibration at any point on any lot line, with a displacement in excess of the permitted steady-state vibration displacement for the frequencies as set forth in the following table:
Maximum Permitted Steady-State Vibration Displacement
Frequency
(cycles per second)
Vibration Displacement
(inches)
Below 10
0.0008
10 to 19.99
0.0005
20 to 29.99
0.0003
30 to 39.99
0.0002
40 to 49.99
0.0001
50 to 59.99
0.0001
60 and over
0.0001
(2) 
No activity shall cause or create an impact vibration, at any point on any lot line, with a displacement in excess of the permitted impact vibration displacement for the frequencies as set forth in the following table:
Maximum Permitted Impact Vibration Displacement
Frequency
(cycles per second)
MI
(inches)
Below 10
0.0016
10 to 19.99
0.0010
20 to 29.99
0.0006
30 to 39.99
0.0004
40 to 49.99
0.0002
50 to 59.99
0.0002
60 and over
0.0002
The following minimum smoke, odorous matter and toxic matter standards must be complied with:
A. 
The density of emission of smoke during normal operations shall not exceed Standard Smoke Chart No. 2, and the quantity of smoke shall not exceed a maximum of 10 smoke units per hour per stack.
B. 
The maximum permitted emission of dust relating to combustion for indirect heating from any source shall not exceed the maximum number of pounds of dust per million British Thermal Units heat input per hour as follows: The maximum permitted emission shall be 0.50 pound per minimum size plants producing a heat input of 10 million or less British Thermal Units per hour and 0.15 pound for maximum size plants producing a heat input of 10 million or more British Thermal Units per hour. All intermediate values shall be determined from a straight line plotted on log graph paper.
C. 
The emission into the atmosphere of process dust or other particulate matter which is unrelated to combustion for indirect heating or incineration shall not exceed 0.050 pound per 100 pounds of process weight or 50 pounds for 100,000 pounds of process weight. All intermediate values shall be determined from a straight line plotted on log graph paper.
D. 
The emission of odorous matter in such quantities as to be readily detectable at any point along lot lines or to produce a public nuisance or hazard beyond lot lines is prohibited.
E. 
The emission of toxic or noxious matter, whether solid, liquid or gaseous, shall be so controlled that no concentration at or beyond lot lines shall be detrimental to or endanger the public health, safety, comfort and other aspects of the general welfare, or cause damage or injury to property.
Activities which require radioactive materials in any form are prohibited unless the following standards are complied with:
A. 
Unsealed radioactive materials shall not be manufactured, utilized or stored (unless such materials are stored in a fireproof container at or below ground level) in excess of one million times the quantities set forth in Column 1 of the Table in Section 38-2 of the Industrial Code Rule No. 38, relating to Radiation Protection, of the New York State Department of Labor.
B. 
"Fireproof containers" shall include steel or concrete containers and shall not include lead or other low-melting metals or alloys, unless the lead or low-melting metals or alloys are completely encased in steel.
C. 
Not one of the following fissionable materials shall be assembled at any one point, place, or work area on a zoning lot in a quantity equal to or in excess of the amount set forth herein:
Material
Quantity
Uranium - 233
200 grams
Plutonium - 239
200 grams
Uranium - 235
350 grams
The following minimum fire, explosive hazards, humidity, heat and glare standards must be complied with:
A. 
For the purpose of this section, materials are divided into four classifications or ratings based on the degree of fire and explosive hazard. The rating of liquids is established by specified open cup flash points.
(1) 
Class I includes slow-burning to moderate-burning materials. This shall include all liquids with an open cup flash point of 182° F. or more.
(2) 
Class II includes free-burning to intense burning materials. This shall include all liquids with an open cup flash point between 100° F. and 182° F.
(3) 
Class III includes materials which produce flammable or explosive vapors or gases under ordinary weather temperature. This shall include all liquids with an open cup flash point of less than 100° F.
(4) 
Class IV includes materials which decompose by detonation, including, but not limited to, all primary explosives.
B. 
Class I materials as defined above may be stored, manufactured or utilized in manufacturing processes or other production.
C. 
Class II materials may be stored, manufactured or utilized in manufacturing processes or other production only in accordance with the following provisions:
(1) 
Such storage, manufacture or utilization shall be carried on only within buildings or other structures which are completely enclosed by incombustible exterior walls.
(2) 
Such buildings or other structures shall either be set back at least 40 feet from any lot lines or, in lieu thereof, all such buildings shall be protected throughout by an automatic fire extinguishing system.
D. 
Any activity producing excessive humidity in the form of steam or moist air, or producing intense heat or glare, shall be carried out within an enclosure and in such a manner as not to be perceptible at or beyond any lot line.
The placement of signs shall be permitted in compliance with the following requirements:
A. 
An announcement sign containing the name of the business and/or product may be constructed, provided it does not exceed 50 square feet in size. Such sign may be placed in the front yard setback or attached flat to the building.
B. 
Advertising signs shall be permitted, provided that all applicable setback requirements are met, but shall not exceed 100 square feet. Such signs shall not be permitted on rooftops of buildings.
C. 
No sign shall be placed upon any street or street right-of-way.
D. 
Illuminated signs shall be so placed that the light source does not shine into passing automobiles or into adjoining uses.
[Amended 2001 by Ord. No. 1916]
In any case where a provision of this code is found to be in conflict with a provision of a building, zoning, subdivision, safety or property maintenance ordinance or code of the City existing on the effective date of this Industrial Standards Code, the provisions which establish the higher standard shall apply and prevail.
[Amended 1997 by Ord. No. 1604; 2001 by Ord. No. 1916; 4-20-2015 by Ord. No. 3180]
Any person, group or other entity who or which shall violate any provision of this Industrial Standards Code shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $750. Each day's failure to comply with any such provision shall constitute a separate offense.