Village of Great Neck Estates, NY
Nassau County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[Amended 9-8-1975 by L.L. No. 8-1975]
Off-street parking and truck loading spaces shall be provided and kept available as an accessory use to all permitted and special exception uses of buildings, structures and lots in amounts not less than those specified in this article.
A. 
The requirement for a single use (e.g., a single-family dwelling or a retail store) shall be determined directly from the schedule of such requirements which is a part of this article.
B. 
The requirement for a combination use made up of several component uses (e.g., a retail store combined with an office building) shall be determined by establishing the requirement for each component use from the schedule of such requirements which is a part of this article and adding them together.
C. 
When the required number of spaces is determined to result in a fraction, it shall be increased to the next higher whole number.
D. 
If the use is not specifically listed in the schedule of such requirements, the requirement shall be the same as for the most similar listed use, as determined by the Board of Trustees.
E. 
A garage or carport may be used to meet the requirements of this article, except as otherwise specified herein. The required access driveway or aisle may not be used to meet the requirements of this article.
[Amended 4-5-1982 by L.L. No. 3-1982]
Use
Number of Spaces Required
Single-family dwelling
1 housed in a garage or carport
Hospital, nursing home or clinic
1 per 2 beds, plus 1 per employee
Office (except a professional office), bank or savings and loan association
1 per 200 square feet of gross floor space
Professional office (except a home professional office)
1 per 150 square feet of gross floor space
Place of public assembly (auditorium, church, convention hall, theater, lodge, club, hall, bowling establishment, gymnasium, studio or other places of public assembly not otherwise classified)
1 per 4 seats or per 4 persons which can be legally accommodated, plus 1 per employee
Retail store or personal service shop
1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area in excess of 500 gross square feet, with a minimum of 2 spaces
School
[Amended 7-13-1998 by L.L. No. 5-1998; 2-8-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999; 10-12-2006 by L.L. No. 9-2006]
1 for each staff member or employee, plus 1 for each 8 students in the 12th grade or above. Parking areas for schools shall also include sufficient on-site area(s) for pickup and dropoff of students arriving and leaving the premises by vehicle, which areas shall first be approved by the Board of Trustees.
All other businesses, including a home occupation and home professional office
1 per each 300 square feet of gross floor area in excess of 500 square feet of gross floor area, with a minimum of 2 spaces
Filling station, parking garage or repair garage
Sufficient parking spaces, as determined by the Board of Trustees, for all vehicles being serviced at any one period of time, plus a minimum of 5 additional spaces
Restaurant
1 per 4 permanent seats or the floor area equivalent, plus 1 space per employee
The following are supplemental use regulations for private parking garages and off-street parking areas in residential and apartment districts:
A. 
Not more than one garage or carport parking space per dwelling unit may be rented to persons living off the premises in the case of a one-family or two-family dwelling use; nor may more than one parking space per each two dwelling units be rented to persons living off the premises in the case of any other residential use.
B. 
Not more than one commercial vehicle may be parked on a premises, and that vehicle shall be parked in a completely enclosed private parking garage. Such commercial vehicle shall not exceed a gross motor vehicle weight of 5,000 pounds or 25 feet in length. Such truck shall not contain any material that constitutes a threat to the health, safety and welfare of the residents of the Village.
C. 
Not more than one unregistered vehicle may be stored outside an enclosed building on any premises, provided that such vehicle is stored on a surfaced driveway for a period not exceeding 30 days in any year.
D. 
Off-street parking for nonresidential activities, such as home professional offices, shall not be located in any front yard, required side yard or within 25 feet of any lot line.
A. 
Entrances and exits for off-street parking areas and garages may be either separate or combined.
B. 
Every entrance or exit driveway shall have a minimum unobstructed width of 10 feet. Parking areas with 10 spaces or more shall have at least either two separate ten-foot driveways or a combined exit and entrance driveway with an unobstructed width of 20 feet. Access driveways shall be no closer than 25 feet to a street corner.
C. 
Access driveways for other than single-family or two-family dwellings shall not exceed a center line gradient of 8%.
D. 
Curb cuts. No driveway shall be installed or constructed with access to a street or road in the Village unless a curb cut permit has been issued by the Village for such access. Such curb cut permit shall be issued in the same manner as provided for issuance of a building permit. For the purposes of this subsection, the term "driveway" shall mean and include any path, paved or unpaved, over which it is intended that vehicles are to travel, to exit a street or road and enter upon adjoining property.
[Added 8-12-1996 by L.L. No. 8-1996]
Every building or structure over 5,000 square feet in gross area or lot used for nonresidential purposes shall be provided with off-street truck loading spaces in accordance with the following schedule: one space for each 10,000 square feet or a part thereof of gross floor area. Additional requirements above 40,000 square feet shall be determined by the Board of Trustees.
A. 
The parking area shall be located on the premises and shall be so shaped as to provide for the parking of the required number of vehicles as determined under this article. Minimum front yard setbacks, loading and unloading areas and access driveways shall not be included when computing the required amount of property for off-street parking. Where access driveways are required for special purposes (e.g. drive-in teller's window) they shall also be included.
B. 
The physical improvements of off-street parking and truck loading areas shall include:
(1) 
Curbs, paving, sidewalks and drainage facilities complying with the standards as approved by the Board of Trustees.
(2) 
All areas devoted to off-street parking and access driveways shall be surfaced in accordance with specifications not less than those of the Town of North Hempstead.
(3) 
Adequate drainage shall be provided to prevent overflow of rainwater or other precipitation onto adjoining properties or public streets.
(4) 
Access driveways for public areas shall be marked with arrows indicating the proper flow of traffic, and individual parking spaces shall be shown and maintained.
(5) 
Adequate lighting shall be provided in public parking areas to assure the general safety and convenience of the public. All lighting of premises shall be directed away from adjoining residences and shall not exceed a height of 15 feet above the grade of the premises. The location, candlepower, height and type of fixture to be installed shall be first approved by the Board of Trustees.
(6) 
Parking areas shall be illuminated uniformly at night only during the business hours of the store or buildings which they serve, which illumination shall be extinguished within 1/2 hour after the close of business, except security lighting, which shall be approved by the Board of Trustees. Where said parking areas are directly adjacent to residential districts, the lighting fixtures and equipment shall be so designed and installed as to reflect away from, and to shield, such residential districts from the lights of the parking areas.
(7) 
Adequate and appropriate screening for the protection of adjacent properties as approved by the Board of Trustees shall be provided and permanently maintained.
(8) 
No part of any required parking area, access driveways or loading and unloading areas shall be used for the storage or abandonment of any article or material.
(9) 
Off-street truck loading areas shall be surfaced in the same manner as the parking areas.
C. 
All aisles within parking areas shall have a minimum width of 24 feet when the parking spaces are at a ninety-degree angle with the aisle, 18 feet when the parking spaces are at 60º and 12 feet when the parking spaces are at 45º.
D. 
Aisles and turning areas shall have adequate radii to assure ease of mobility, ample clearance and convenient access and egress. Center-line gradients of aisles shall not exceed 8%. Parking garage ramps shall not exceed a gradient of 12%.
E. 
Parking spaces for automobiles shall have a minimum width of nine feet and a minimum length of 20 feet.
F. 
Off-street truck loading spaces shall have a minimum width of 12 feet, a minimum length of 25 feet and a minimum clearance height of 14 feet. The related aisle shall have the same clear height.
G. 
Off-street truck loading areas shall be provided in a location that will not interfere with accessory parking and means of ingress and egress thereto.
H. 
Off-street parking and truck loading areas shall be designed to avoid the impression of large-scale paved areas and shall include provision for landscaping and screening.
I. 
Every parking space shall have free access to either an aisle or an access driveway, unless provision is made for attendant parking.
A. 
The provisions of this article shall not apply to any building or structure or lot lawfully in use at the effective date of this article, whether continued as a permitted use or as a legal nonconforming use or thereafter converted or changed without enlargement to a different use having the same parking and truck loading requirements.
B. 
Within an established municipal parking district wherein the municipality has, as a matter of public policy, taken the responsibility for providing adequate off-street parking facilities for all uses in the district, the off-street parking space requirements stipulated in this section shall be automatically waived.
C. 
The area within the Village bounded by Middle Neck Road, Linden Boulevard, Gateway Drive and Cedar Drive and located within the Business D District is hereby designated as a municipal parking district for the purposes of this section.
[Added 6-6-1977 by L.L. No. 7-1977]
The outside storage on private property of any unregistered and/or unlicensed motor vehicle for a period longer than 15 consecutive days is prohibited, unless such unregistered and/or unlicensed motor vehicle, notwithstanding the year in which the same shall have been manufactured, is, at all times while being so stored, kept in such condition and maintained with such equipment that it will meet the minimum requirements to pass the New York State motor vehicle inspection standards as provided by the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York and all rules and regulations promulgated by the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles for the periodic inspection of motor vehicles in the State of New York, as the same may be amended from time to time. This prohibition shall not apply to the storage of such vehicles where the storage may be considered to be a legitimate accessory or implied part of a permitted use.
[Added 8-12-1996 by L.L. No. 8-1996]
A. 
No motor vehicle, boat, van, recreational vehicle or other motorized recreational equipment shall be parked or stored outdoors in a front yard on any property used for residential purposes in the Village, unless such vehicle, boat, van, recreational vehicle or other motorized recreational equipment shall be parked or stored in a lawful carport or on a driveway.
B. 
For the purposes of this section, the term "driveway" shall mean and include a private roadway or path designed and intended for the principal purpose of parking or of providing access for vehicles to a parking space, garage, dwelling or other structure. The term "driveway" shall not include any area covered with grass, soil or materials other than those customarily used for locations where vehicles obtain access to a garage or parking area from an adjoining street.
[Added 5-7-1979 by L.L. No. 2-1979; 6-7-1982 by L.L. No. 6-1982; 10-2-1986 by L.L. No. 10-1986]
A. 
Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary and except as provided herein, no part of any parking space or the entrances or access roadways to be used in connection with any building in a business district shall be located in a residence district.
B. 
In the case of property in a residence district and located north of Cedar Drive and within 150 feet of Middle Neck Road, the Board of Trustees may grant a special permit for the use of such property for such purposes, as provided in this section.
C. 
A permit as provided in Subsection B hereof may be granted only where:
(1) 
The property in the residential district abuts or adjoins the lot or premises in the business district in connection with which the parking is to be used.
(2) 
Access to the parking area is over or through the lot or premises on which the business use is conducted.
(3) 
The area in the residential district to be used for or in connection with the parking of vehicles is not more than 150 feet from Middle Neck Road.
(4) 
Such parking is located at least 20 feet from the boundary of adjacent lots or premises used for residential purposes or located in a residential district.
(5) 
The parking of vehicles is to be at ground level or in an enclosed structure not more than one story or 10 feet below ground level, whichever is less.
(6) 
No parking is to be permitted in any structure having a height of more than one story or 10 feet, whichever is greater.
(7) 
Such use exists on June 1, 1986, in connection with a building in the business district. No such permit shall be granted for such use if the use is to commence after June 1, 1986.
D. 
In the event that a permit is granted for parking on a lot on premises within a residential district, as provided in this section, no residential use or other use of the lot or premises shall be permitted.
E. 
Any permission granted by the Board of Trustees pursuant to this section may be made subject to reasonable conditions imposed for the protection of neighboring properties and the community, as may be necessary or reasonable in any particular circumstance, including, without limitation, conditions as to landscaping, maintenance, location and duration of parking and duration of special permission.