This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the "Animal Control Law of the Village of New Hyde Park."
The safety, health, comfort and welfare of village residents, the preservation and protection of their real and personal property and the maintenance of a healthful and clean environment are matters of vital concern to the village legislature. The Board of Trustees has determined that the running at large and other uncontrolled behavior of dogs, cats and other household pets and the unrestricted possession of animals in general have caused physical harm to persons, damage to property and injury to the environment. It is the intent of the Village Board in the enactment of this chapter to protect public and private property, safeguard public health and improve the quality of the environment by limiting the number and type of animals which may be owned or possessed and by imposing restrictions on those persons owning or possessing animals within the Village of New Hyde Park.
Unless otherwise expressly provided, for the purpose of this chapter, the following words shall have the meanings herein indicated:
- Any sentient living organism typically capable of voluntary motion and sensation, as distinguished from human beings and vegetable life.
- ANIMAL WARDEN
- Any individual appointed by the Town Boards of either the Town of Hempstead or the Town of North Hempstead and designated or deputized by the Board of Trustees of the Village of New Hyde Park or such other person appointed by said Board of Trustees to assist in the enforcement of this chapter.
- A domesticated carnivorous animal, whether male or female, of the species Felis domesticus.
- A domesticated carnivorous animal, whether male or female, of the species Canis familiaris.
- To provide food or shelter to any animal.
- The owner of record or any person who harbors any animal. If the "owner" of an animal shall be under the age of 16 years, the parent or guardian of such person shall be deemed the "owner."
- OWNER OF RECORD
- The person in whose name the dog or other animal was last licensed pursuant to Article 7 of the State of New York Agricultural and Markets Law or such other statute or law requiring the licensing of an animal.
- One or more natural persons of either sex, corporations, partnerships, associations, societies (except those specifically authorized by law to perform any act which may be prohibited by this chapter) and any other entity of capable of suing or being sued.
- A person having custody or control of any animal.
- PUBLIC PLACE
- An area or place to which the public or a substantial group of persons has access, and includes, but is not limited to, sidewalks, walks, any unimproved or unpaved space lying between the roadway and the property line, streets, roads, avenues, boulevards, drives, courts or driveway aprons, parking fields and all parts of the borders thereof, public buildings and the floors, walks, hallways, entrances and exits thereof, and open areas surrounding the same, playgrounds, parks, field, dirt areas on the exterior side of the fence surrounding any school, schools, places of amusement, railroad depots and transportation facilities, platforms and stairways thereof, and all squares and open areas owned by the Village of New Hyde Park or any other governmental entity.
- VICIOUS DOG
- Any dog either owned, harbored or trained primarily or in part for the purpose of dog fighting; or owned, harbored or trained primarily or in part for the purpose of attacking a human being or domestic animal upon command; or known by the owner to be or characteristically identifiable as, in whole or in part, any breed known by the common term "pit bulls," which shall be deemed to include dogs wholly or partly of any one or more of the breeds more formally recognized and severally referred to as "American Staffordshire terrier," "American pit bull terrier," "bull terrier" and/or "Staffordshire bull terrier."[Added 11-5-1996 by L.L. No. 5-1996]
No person shall own, harbor, possess or otherwise maintain or permit to be owned, harbored, possessed or maintained within the Village of New Hyde Park any animal of any type or description except the following domesticated animals as household pets:
It shall be unlawful for any animal except a cat or dog to be on the open or unimproved portion of any premises, unless the same is suitably confined or restrained, and it shall be unlawful for any animal other than a cat or a dog to be on public property or on private property without the consent of the owner or person in possession of such private property at any time without the prior written consent of the Board of Trustees.
It shall be unlawful for any dog or cat to be on public property or on private property without the consent of the owner or person in possession of such private property, unless said dog or cat is effectively restrained in the immediate custody and control of its owner or possessor by a chain or leash not exceeding six feet in length. A person owning or possessing a cat or dog which is not so restrained, with or without the knowledge, consent or fault of such person, shall be guilty of a violation of this chapter. It shall be presumed that the presence of a cat or dog on private property of a person other than the dog's or cat's owner or possessor is without the consent of the owner or person in possession of such private property.
Any person who is desirous of owning, harboring, possessing or maintaining any animal within the Village of New Hyde Park which does not fall within the category of animals permitted to be owned or possessed under § 80-4 may apply to the Board of Trustees for a special exception permit allowing the ownership or possession of such animal either on a temporary or permanent basis. The Board of Trustees, at a public hearing on the application for such a permit, shall consider the following factors:
The type, size, nature and temperament of the animal.
Whether the animal is tame or ferocious in disposition, either by nature or training.
Whether the animal is domesticated or feral.
Whether the animal is dangerous to persons, property or the environment or may become a public or private nuisance.
Whether the animal can be suitably housed, fed, sheltered and cared for.
Whether the animal is susceptible to dangerous disease or infection or may be a carrier of disease, rabies or other contagious illness affecting humans, livestock or other pets.
The purposes for which such animal is desired to be kept.
Whether possession or ownership of such animal is prohibited, restricted or otherwise regulated or licensed by statute, ordinance, treaty or other legal enactment.
In the event that the Board finds the ownership and possession of an animal will not threaten the public health, safety, comfort or welfare either directly or indirectly and that the same is not otherwise unlawful, but serves a legitimate purpose not in conflict with the policies of this chapter, it may issue a written permit to the person applying therefor and may impose such other conditions as it deems necessary or desirable in the use of such permit.
It shall be unlawful for any person to:
Tie, hitch or in any other manner secure any animal to any tree, hydrant, pole, parking meter stanchion, fence or other installation upon or adjoining any public place.
Permit or take an animal upon any public place unless it is safely leashed, muzzled or otherwise secured and in the charge of a person of adequate age and discretion properly to control its actions.
To molest, torture, harm, injure, harass or cruelly treat any animal.
This chapter may be enforced by any police officer, peace officer, designated representative of the Department of Agriculture and Markets or village official designated by the Board of Trustees, who are hereby fully authorized to issue appearance tickets to any person found violating or permitting the violation of the terms and provisions of this chapter.
The persons mentioned in Subsection A above, or any other person who observes any violation of the provisions of this chapter, may file a signed complaint and information under oath with the Village Justice specifying in detail:
The objectionable conduct of the animal or animals, the date and hour thereof and the premises concerned or the approximate location of the act complained of.
The damage, if any, and cost.
A description of the animal or animals sufficient for the proper identification thereof.
The name and address, if known, of the owner or person harboring or having custody or control of said animal or animals.
Upon receipt of any complaint or upon the hearing or trial of any complaint, the court may consider and receive in evidence photographic evidence of such violation or nuisance and may receive such photograph in evidence if the same is otherwise admissible according to the prevailing rules of evidence for the admission of a photograph.
Upon receipt by the Village Justice of a copy of any appearance ticket issued by an enforcement officer or upon his receipt of any complaint against the conduct of any person, animal or animals, the Village Justice may summon the owner or other person harboring or having custody or control of such animal or animals to appear in person before him.
If an appearance ticket issued by an enforcement officer or a summons provided for in Subsection A above shall be disregarded by the person receiving the same, the Village Justice may permit the filing of an information and issue a warrant for the arrest of such person.
No person shall hinder, interfere with, resist or oppose any police officer, peace officer, representative of the Department of Agriculture and Markets or any designated official of the Village of New Hyde Park in the performance of his duties under this chapter. A violation of the provisions of this subsection shall constitute a separate offense apart from or in addition to a violation of the provisions of any other terms or sections of this chapter.
[Amended 11-16-1999 by L.L. No. 4-1999]
A violation of any of the provisions of this article is hereby declared to be unlawful and a petty offense. Each such offense is hereby designated a violation as defined in Article IIA of Chapter 1 of the Village Code, and every such violation shall be punishable in accordance with the provisions of Subsections B and F of § 1-27 of that article.
Editor's Note: This local law also provided that it would take effect 12-1-1999.