Township of Chestnuthill, PA
Monroe County
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For the purposes of this chapter, words and terms used herein shall be interpreted as follows:
A. 
Words in the present tense shall include the future tense.
B. 
"Used" or "occupied" as applied to any land or building includes the words "intended, arranged, or designed to be used or occupied."
C. 
"Should" means that it is strongly encouraged but is not mandatory. "Shall" is always mandatory.
D. 
"Sale" shall also include rental.
E. 
Unless stated otherwise, the singular shall also regulate the plural, and the masculine shall include the feminine, and vice versa.
F. 
If a word or term is not defined by this chapter, but is defined in Chapter 98, Subdivision and Land Development, then the definition in Chapter 98, Subdivision and Land Development, shall apply. If a word or term is not defined by this chapter or by Chapter 98, Subdivision and Land Development, but is defined in the State Municipalities Planning Code, then the definition in the State Municipalities Planning Code shall apply. If a word or term is not defined in this chapter, Chapter 98 or the State Municipalities Planning Code, then the word or term shall have its plain and ordinary meaning within the context of the section. A standard reference dictionary should be consulted.
[Amended 2-7-2006 by Ord. No. 2006-03]
G. 
The words "such as," "includes," "including" and "specifically" shall provide examples. These examples shall not, by themselves, limit a provision to the examples specifically mentioned if other examples would otherwise comply with the provision.
H. 
The word "person" includes a firm, company, corporation, partnership, trust, organization or association, as well as an individual.
[Amended 12-7-2004 by Ord. No. 2004-06; 9-20-2005 by Ord. No. 2005-02; 2-7-2006 by Ord. No. 2006-03; 2-13-2006 by Ord. No. 2006-04; 5-1-2014 by Ord. No. 2014-01]
When used in this chapter, the following words, terms and phrases shall have the following meanings, unless expressly stated otherwise or unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
ABANDONED OR JUNKED VEHICLE
Any unregistered, unlicensed or abandoned automobile, truck, trailer, motorcycle, bus, farm machinery, or other motor vehicle, including dismantled, or wrecked or junked, or held or stored for scrap or for salvage. "Junk vehicle" shall not mean any motor vehicle classified as an "antique motor vehicle" by the Motor Vehicle Code of the State of Pennsylvania (75 Pa.C.S.A. § 101 et seq.); said classification consisting of any self-propelled vehicle, but not a reproduction thereof, owned and operated as an exhibition piece or collector's item, provided that such vehicle shall have noted on its registration record the fact that it is such a special-purpose vehicle, or any self-propelled vehicle manufactured more than 25 years prior to the current year which is used for participation in club activities, exhibits, tours, parades, occasional transportation and similar uses but is not used for general daily transportation.
ABUSED PERSON SHELTER
See "domestic violence shelter." A nonprofit residential use in which rooms are provided to serve as a temporary safe and supportive environment for persons who, because of actual or threatened physical or mental abuse, are forced to leave their previous living arrangement. Such facilities shall be designed to provide in-house living for persons only until a safe, permanent living arrangement can be obtained.
ABUT or ABUTTING
Areas of contiguous lots that share a common lot line, except not including lots entirely separated by a street or a perennial waterway. See "adjacent."
ACCESSORY STRUCTURE (includes ACCESSORY BUILDING)
A structure serving a purpose customarily incidental to and subordinate to the use of the principal use and located on the same lot as the principal use. Accessory structures include, but are not limited to, a household garage, household storage shed, detached carport, a household swimming pool, or an accessory storage building to a business use. An "accessory building" is any accessory structure that meets the definition of a "building." A portion of a principal building used for an accessory use shall not be considered an accessory building.
ACCESSORY USE
A use or structure customarily incidental and subordinate to the principal use or building and located on the same lot with such principal use.
ACCESS POINT
One combined entrance/exit point, or one clearly defined entrance point, or one clearly defined entrance point separated from another clearly defined exit point. This term shall not include accessways or driveways that are strictly and clearly limited to use by only emergency vehicles; such accesses are permitted by right as needed.
ADDITION
An extension or increase in floor area or height of a building or structure. See also "alteration" and "repair."
ADJACENT
Two or more lots that share a common lot line or that are separated only by a street or waterway from each other.
ADJUSTED TRACT AREA (ATA)
See "tract area, adjusted."
A. 
Any of the following:
(1) 
A use of a building or land for a business which has obscene materials as a substantial or significant portion of its stock-in-trade.
(2) 
Any nightclub, bar, restaurant, arcade, theater, or any other establishment that conducts live performances as a principal part of its business that are characterized by the exposure of specified anatomical areas or by specified sexual activities, or films, motion pictures, videocassettes, slides, or other photographic reproductions in which a substantial portion of the total presentation time is devoted to the showing of material that is characterized by an emphasis upon the depiction or description of specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas, or where any specified sexual activities are conducted for economic gain or any other form of consideration.
(3) 
Any of the following as defined in this Article II:
(a) 
Adult arcade.
(b) 
Adult bookstore or adult video store.
(c) 
Adult live entertainment use or facility.
(d) 
Adult motel.
(e) 
Adult motion-picture theater.
(f) 
Adult theater.
(g) 
Escort agency.
(h) 
Massage parlor.
(i) 
Nude model studio.
(j) 
Sexual encounter center.
B. 
Additional definitions associated with adult businesses include:
(1) 
Any place to which the public is permitted or invited wherein coin-operated or token-operated or electronically, electrically or mechanically controlled still- or motion-picture machines, projectors, or other image-producing devices are maintained to show images to five or fewer persons per machine at any one time, and where the images so displayed are distinguished or characterized by the depicting or describing of specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas. Considered an adult business for regulation by this chapter.
(2) 
(a) 
A commercial establishment which, as one of its principal business purposes or as a substantial part of its business, offers for sale or rental, for any form of consideration, any one or more of the following: (The term "adult bookstore" shall include, but not be limited to, an adult video store, and all such uses shall be considered an adult business for regulation by this chapter.)
[1] 
Books, magazines, periodicals or other printed matter or photographs, films, motion pictures, video, or video reproductions, slides or other visual representations which depict or describe specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas; or
[2] 
Instruments, devices or paraphernalia which are designed for use in connection with specified sexual activities.
(b) 
A commercial establishment may have other principal business purposes that do not involve the offering for sale or rental of material depicting or describing specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas and still be categorized as an adult bookstore or adult video store. Such other business purposes will not serve to exempt such commercial establishment from being categorized as an adult bookstore or adult video store so long as one of its principal business purposes is the offering for sale or rental, for consideration, the specified materials which depict or describe specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
(3) 
A commercial use (including, but not limited to, a use selling food or beverages) including live entertainment involving: (Considered an adult business for regulation by this chapter.)
(a) 
Persons (which may include, but is not limited to, waiters, waitresses, dancers, clerks, bartenders, contractors or others) appearing in a state of nudity; or
(b) 
Live performances which are characterized by the exposure of specified anatomical areas or simulated or actual specified sexual activities; or
(c) 
Films, motion pictures, videocassettes, slides or other photographic reproductions which are characterized by the depiction or description of specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
(4) 
A hotel, motel or similar commercial establishment which: (Considered an adult business for regulation by this chapter.)
(a) 
Offers accommodations to the public, for any form of consideration, and provides patrons with closed-circuit television transmissions, films, motion pictures, videocassettes, slides or other photographic reproductions which are characterized by the depiction or description of specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
(b) 
Offers sleeping rooms for rent three or more times in one calendar day.
(5) 
A commercial establishment where, for any form of consideration, films, motion pictures, videocassettes, slides, or similar photographic reproductions are regularly shown which are characterized by the depiction or description of specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas. Considered an adult business for regulation by this chapter.
(6) 
A theater, concert hall, auditorium, or similar commercial establishment which regularly features persons who appear in a state of nudity or live performances which are characterized by the exposure of specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas. Considered an adult business for regulation by this chapter.
(7) 
A person who, for consideration, agrees or offers to act as a companion, guide, or date for another person, or who agrees or offers to privately model lingerie or to privately perform a striptease for another person.
(8) 
A person or business association or establishment which furnishes, offers to furnish, or advertises to furnish escorts as one of its primary business purposes for a fee, tip, or other consideration. Considered an adult business for regulation by this chapter.
(9) 
Pressing, squeezing, stretching, or stimulating the face, scalp, neck, limbs, or other parts of the human body, with or without cosmetic preparation, either by hand, or with mechanical or electrical appliances.
(10) 
A person or business association or establishment which furnishes, offers to furnish or advertises to furnish, as one of its primary business purposes, for a fee, tip or other consideration, a massage which involves the exposure of any specified anatomical areas. Considered an adult business for regulation by this chapter.
(11) 
Any place where a person who appears in a state of nudity or displays specified anatomical areas is provided to be observed, sketched, drawn, painted, sculptured, photographed, or similarly depicted by other persons who pay money or any form of consideration. Considered an adult business for regulation by this chapter.
[Amended 4-23-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-04]
(12) 
The showing of the human male or female genitals or pubic area with less than a fully opaque covering, or the showing of the female breast with less than a fully opaque covering or any portion thereof below the top of the areola.
(13) 
Any literature, book, magazine, pamphlet, newspaper, paper, comic book, drawing, photograph, figure, image, motion picture, sound recording, article, instrument or any other written or recorded matter which depicts or describes any specified sexual activities and/or specified anatomical areas.
(14) 
A business or commercial enterprise that, as one of its primary business purposes, offers, for any form of consideration, activities between male and female persons and/or persons of the same sex when one or more of the persons is in a state of nudity or seminude. Considered an adult business for regulation by this chapter.
(15) 
Any of the following:
(a) 
Less than completely and opaquely covered human genitals, pubic region, anus, or female breasts below a point immediately above the top of the areola.
(b) 
Human male genitals in a discernibly turgid state, even if completely and opaquely covered.
(16) 
Any of the following:
(a) 
The fondling or other erotic touching of human genitals, pubic region, buttocks, anus, or female breasts.
(b) 
Sex acts, normal or perverted, actual or simulated, including intercourse, oral copulation, or sodomy.
(c) 
Masturbation, actual or simulated.
(d) 
Excretory functions as part of or in connection with any of the activities set forth in Subsections (1), (2) and (3) above.
AFTER-HOURS CLUB
A use that permits the consumption of alcoholic beverages by five or more unrelated persons between the hours of 2:00 a.m. and 6:00 a.m. and that involves some form of monetary compensation paid by such persons for the alcohol or for the use of the premises.
AGENT
Any person other than the owner who, acting for the owner, submits an application for the purpose of obtaining approval in accord with this chapter.
AGRICULTURAL USE
An enterprise that is actively engaged in the commercial production and preparation for market of crops, livestock and livestock products and in the production, harvesting and preparation for market or use of agricultural, agronomic, horticultural, silvicultural and aquacultural crops and commodities. The term includes an enterprise that implements changes in production practices and procedures or types of crops, livestock, livestock products or commodities produced consistent with practices and procedures that are normally engaged in by farmers or are consistent with technological development within the agricultural industry. It includes necessary structures within the limits of the parcel and the storage of equipment necessary for production. It excludes agricultural products processing operations, riding academies, livery or boarding stables and dog or other animal kennels.
AGRICULTURE PRODUCTS PROCESSING
An industry that involves the processing of raw agricultural products and transforming those products into a more-refined, prepared or marketable state. It includes, but is not limited to, such uses as sawmills, wood pellet production, firewood cutting and sales, wood chipping operations, tanneries, dairies and food canning and freezing operations.
AGRITOURISM
Any activity carried out on a working agricultural operation, such as a farm, orchard or vineyard, that allows members of the general public, for recreational, entertainment, or educational purposes, to view or enjoy rural activities directly related to or part of the agricultural operation, including farming, wineries, historical, cultural, harvest-your-own activities, or natural activities and attractions. An activity is an agritourism activity whether or not the participant paid to participate in the activity.
AIR B&B
See "short-term rental."
[Added 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-01]
AIRPORT
A tract of land, with or without buildings, where airplanes, jets, helicopters and/or any other type of aircraft land and take off.
ALLEY
A right-of-way, privately or publicly owned, primarily for service access to the rear or sides of properties.
ALTERATION
Any construction or renovation to an existing structure other than a repair or an addition. See also "addition" and "repair."
AMUSEMENT ARCADE
A building or part of a building in which pinball machines, video games, or other similar player-operated amusement devices are maintained, excluding the use of less than five such devices as an accessory use to any lawful principal use.
AMUSEMENT PARK
A commercially operated outdoor park or outdoor facility with various devices for entertainment, including, but not limited to, rides, games, electronic games and similar devices, food stands and other associated facilities.
ANIMAL HOSPITAL
See "veterinary clinic."
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, COMMERCIAL
The raising and keeping of livestock, small animals and fowl and/or fur-bearing animals with the intent of producing capital gain or profit or with the intent of selling any livestock and/or poultry products.
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, HOME USE
The raising and keeping of livestock and/or small animals and fowl for personal satisfaction or consumption and with no intent of producing capital gain or profit or with no intent of selling any livestock and/or poultry products.
ANIMAL SHELTER
A facility used to house or contain stray, homeless, abandoned, or unwanted animals and that is owned, operated, or maintained by a public body, established humane society, animal welfare society (such as the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals), other nonprofit organization or person devoted to the welfare, protection and humane treatment of animals.
ANTENNA, STANDARD
A device, partially or wholly exterior to a building, that is used for receiving television or radio signals for use on-site or for transmitting short-wave or citizens-band radio signals.
APARTMENT
See "dwelling, apartment unit."
APPLICANT
An individual, trustee, executor, other fiduciary, corporation, firm, partnership, association, organization or other entity acting as a unit, and his/her/its heirs, successors and assigns, which is seeking an approval or permit pursuant to this chapter.
APPLICATION
Any application required to be filed for approval in accord with the requirements of this chapter.
ARCADE
A series of outdoor spaces located under a roof or overhang and supported by columns or arches.
ARCHERY RANGE, INDOOR
Any fully enclosed building used for shooting of arrows for recreational or training purposes. Any such commercial operation, any such area operated by any private, nonprofit entity, any community association, any such area operated by any sportsman's, recreation or fraternal club or association with 25 or more members, and any such area which is used or is intended to be used for more than five hours in any one week shall be considered an indoor archery range for the purposes of this chapter. Considered a recreation facility, commercial for regulation by this chapter.
ARCHERY RANGE, OUTDOOR
Any area not within a fully enclosed building used for the shooting of arrows for recreational or training purposes which is a commercial operation.
ART OR CRAFT STUDIO
An establishment or work space for the creation, manufacture, and/or preparation of individually crafted art work, jewelry, furniture, sculpture, pottery, art photography, leather craft, hand-woven articles, and related items; it may also include the sale, loan, or display of such items.
ASSISTED CARE DWELLING UNIT FOR RELATIVE
A dwelling unit especially erected for and limited to the temporary occupancy by a person who is part of the family (see definition) of the permanent residents of the principal dwelling unit on the parcel. Such use shall be restricted to a relative who needs such accommodations because of old age, developmental disability, illness, mental illness that does not threaten physical harm to others, or physical handicap. See § 119-41.
[Amended 4-23-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-04]
ASSISTED LIVING FACILITY
Coordinated and centrally managed rental housing including self-contained units designed to provide a supportive environment and to accommodate a relatively independent lifestyle. Such a development may contain a limited number of supportive services, such as meals, transportation, housekeeping, linen and organized social activities for residents and their invited guests. Such a use shall primarily serve persons 55 and older, persons with physical handicaps and/or the developmentally disabled. Assisted living facilities shall be licensed as personal care centers by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
ATTIC
Nonliving space in or above a dwelling, unheated, with head space of less than 6.5 feet.
AUCTION HOUSE
A place where objects of art, furniture, and other goods are offered for sale to persons who bid on the object in competition with each other.
AWNING
A secondary covering attached to the exterior wall of a building, typically composed of canvas, woven of acrylic, cotton or polyester yarn, or vinyl laminated to polyester fabric that is stretched tightly over a light structure of aluminum, iron or steel, located above a window, door, or above the area along a sidewalk.
BANK
An establishment for the custody, loan, exchange or issue of money, for the extension of credit, and for facilitating the transmission of funds.
BASEMENT
An enclosed floor area partly or wholly below the finished grade with at least 1/2 of its floor-to-finished height above the average level of the adjoining finished grade, and with a floor-to-ceiling height of not less than 6.5 feet. A basement shall be counted as a story for the purpose of the building height measurement if the vertical distance between the ceiling and the average level of the adjoining ground is more than five feet. See "cellar."
BED-AND-BREAKFAST INN
An owner- or operator-occupied single-family dwelling in which transient visitors to the area are lodged for compensation, meals for lodging guests may or may not be included, and no cooking facilities are provided in any rental room. See § 119-40.
BILLBOARD
See "sign, off-premises."
BILLIARD HALL
An establishment with the principal use of playing cue sports such as pool, snooker or carom billiard.
BITUMINOUS CONCRETE BATCH PLANT
An operation which combines asphalt or bituminous materials and aggregates and heat to manufacture a bituminous seal coat or bituminous concrete product. Considered industry for regulation by this chapter.
BLOCK
A tract of land, a lot or groups of lots, bounded by streets, public parks, watercourses, municipal boundary lines, unsubdivided land or by any combination of the above.
BOARDINGHOUSE (includes ROOMING HOUSE)
A residential use in which:
A. 
A room or rooms not meeting the definition of a lawful dwelling unit are rented for habitation; or
B. 
A dwelling unit includes greater than the permitted maximum number of unrelated persons. A boardinghouse shall not include a use that meets the definition of a hotel, dormitory, motel, life care center, personal care center, bed-and-breakfast inn, group home or nursing home. A college fraternity or sorority house used as a residence shall be considered a type of boardinghouse. A boardinghouse may either involve or not involve the providing of meals to residents but shall not include a restaurant open to the public unless the use also meets the requirements for a restaurant. A boardinghouse shall primarily serve persons residing on-site for five or more consecutive days.
BOARD OF SUPERVISORS or SUPERVISORS
The Board of Supervisors of Chestnuthill Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
BOMB SHELTER
An enclosed space or structure designed to protect people from explosive weapons such as bombs or missiles. If not located within a principal structure, a bomb shelter is considered an accessory structure subject to applicable requirements.
[Added 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-01]
BONA FIDE NONPROFIT CONSERVATION ORGANIZATION
A nonprofit organization, created in accord with United States Code Title 26, Subtitle A, Chapter 1, Subchapter F, Part I, Section 501(c)(3), which is devoted to the conservation of open space.
BREWERY
A facility for the production and packaging of malt beverages of alcoholic and/or nonalcoholic content for retail or wholesale distribution, on or off the premises, and which produces 15,000 gallons or more of malt beverages per year. Considered agricultural products processing for regulation by this chapter. (See also "microbrewery.")
BREW PUB
A restaurant or tavern, as defined herein, that includes as an accessory use the brewing of malt beverages of alcoholic and/or nonalcoholic content which produces less than 15,000 gallons of malt beverages per year. Considered a restaurant for regulation by this chapter. (See also "microbrewery.")
BUFFER
A strip of land with fencing, dense vegetative planting, additional setback distances, berms or a combination thereof, that separates one use from another use or feature and is not occupied by any building, parking, outdoor storage or any use other than open space or approved pedestrian pathways, permitted vehicular access aisles or improvements, which is used to provide separation between incompatible uses to effect a visual barrier, block physical passage between uses, and reduce noise, dust and litter. See § 119-71D.
BUFFER, SCREENING
A predominantly evergreen perimeter landscape planting intended to provide denser screening and separation between neighboring developments.
BUFFER, SOFTENING
A perimeter landscape planting intended to provide partial screening and separation between neighboring developments.
BUFFER, WATER QUALITY
The area of land immediately adjacent to any wetland, lake, pond, vernal pond, or stream, measured perpendicular to and horizontally from the delineated edge of the wetland, lake, pond, or vernal pond, or the top-of-bank on both sides of a stream, to provide separation from an intensive land use area (e.g., subdivision, farm) and minimize sediment and other pollutant loading; also referred to as "filter strips," "vegetated filter strips," and "grassed buffers."
BUILDING
Any structure having a roof supported by columns or walls and intended for the shelter, housing or enclosure of any individual, animal, process, equipment, services, goods or materials of any kind or nature.
BUILDING, ACCESSORY
See "accessory structure."
BUILDING, ATTACHED
A building which has one or more walls or portions thereof in common with an adjacent building. See "addition."
BUILDING COVERAGE
The percentage of the area of the lot covered or occupied by the total horizontal projected surface area of all buildings on the lot and including accessory buildings and structures (including covered porches, carports and breezeways, but excluding open and uncovered patios and decks).
BUILDING, DETACHED
A building surrounded by open space on all four sides within the same lot.
BUILDING ENVELOPE
An area on a lot or development parcel which has been designated as the area in which development may occur. Building envelopes are identified by building setbacks, conservation areas, site conditions and other factors and shall be specifically designated on the development plan and established by deed covenants and restrictions.
BUILDING HEIGHT
The average vertical distance from finished grade at the front and rear of the building to the top of the highest roof beams on a flat or shed roof, to the deck level on a mansard roof, and the average distance between the eaves and the ridge level for gable, hip, and gambrel roofs, not including chimneys, spires, elevator shaft extensions, mechanical appurtenances, and similar projections. See § 119-70 for exemptions for certain types of structures.
 dia_0011.tif
BUILDING, PRINCIPAL
A building in which the primary or predominate use of a lot is conducted, including any structure that is physically attached to the principal building.
BUILDING WIDTH
The horizontal measurement between two vertical structural walls that are generally parallel of one building, measured in one direction that is most closely parallel to the required lot width. For attached housing, this width shall be the width of each dwelling unit, measured from the center of each interior party wall and from the outside of any exterior wall. For detached buildings, this width shall be measured from the outside of exterior walls.
BULK FUEL STORAGE FACILITY
Any facility where gasoline is stored in bulk for distribution by delivery truck, or fuel, including, but not limited to, kerosene, home heating oil, diesel fuel, gasoline, or propane, is stored in large volume tanks for distribution to retail or wholesale establishments; or any retail home heating fuel distributor where the storage of fuel on the site exceeds a combined total of 20,000 gallons.
[Amended 4-23-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-04]
BUSINESS OFFICE
A use comprised primarily of administrative and clerical services and involving no retail trade, lodging, warehousing or manufacturing. Such uses include, but are not limited to, financial services, legal services, travel agencies, insurance agencies, corporate offices and other similar uses.
BUSINESS SERVICES
Establishments primarily engaged in rendering services to businesses, including such activities as advertising and mailing, credit reporting and collection, duplicating, mailing, telemarketing, stenographic services, employment services, research and development and other similar services.
BUS, LIMOUSINE OR TAXI TERMINAL
An area and/or building where buses, limousines, and/or taxis are stored or parked on a regular basis with or without maintenance and repair facilities.
BUS SHELTER
Any shed-like structure, usually open on one or more sides, located along the regular route of a public bus, van or other vehicle, including an official school bus, whose purpose is to provide temporary shelter for the users of the vehicle while they are waiting.
BUS STATION
An area and/or building where passengers load on and unload from buses, and where parking for passenger vehicles and ticket sales are normally part of the operation, but without bus maintenance and repair facilities.
CAMPGROUND or RECREATIONAL VEHICLE PARK
A plot of ground upon which two or more campsites are located, established or maintained for temporary occupancy by persons using tents or recreational vehicles, and which is not be used for long-term residency of occupants.
CAMP/RETREAT
A parcel or parcels of land with lodging facilities where transient clientele participate in organized recreation, receive instruction or training, or are afforded peace, quiet, privacy or security.
CANOPY
An overhanging projection or covering, usually supported on poles, and made of canvas, fabric, plastic or other materials; or a roof over an accessory structure, including, but not limited to, gasoline pumps and an ATM (automated teller machine).
CARPORT
A roofed building intended for the storage of one or more motor vehicles, but which is not enclosed on all sides by walls or doors. If any portion of a carport is attached to a principal building, it shall be considered to be part of that building.
CARTWAY
The portion of a street right-of-way, paved or unpaved, intended for vehicular use, including the travelway and shoulders.
CAR WASH
Any building or premises or portions thereof used for commercial purposes for washing motorcycles, passenger cars and other two-axle, four-tire, single-unit vehicles without trailers. See "truck wash."
CELLAR
An enclosed floor area partly or wholly below the finished grade with at least 1/2 of its floor-to-finished height below the average level of the adjoining finished grade, or with a floor-to-ceiling height of less than 6.5 feet. See "basement."
 dia_0012.tif
CEMETERY
A place for the interment of deceased pets or human beings, by cremation or in a grave, mausoleum, vault, columbarium or other receptacle, or a memorial garden/area for the dispersal of cremated remains, but not including a private family cemetery.
CERTIFICATE OF USE/OCCUPANCY
A document issued by the Township stating that a newly constructed or altered building, structure, and/or use complies with this chapter and/or the Uniform Construction Code and may be lawfully used.
CHANGE OF USE
Any conversion of a use from one use as regulated by this chapter to a different regulated use.
CHAPTER, THIS
The Chestnuthill Township Zoning Ordinance, including the Official Zoning Map, as amended, codified as Chapter 119, Zoning, of the Code of the Township of Chestnuthill.
CHARGING STATION
The physical device that provides a connection from a power source to an electric vehicle.
CHRISTMAS TREE FARM or TREE FARM
A type of crop farming involving the raising and harvesting of evergreen trees for commercial purposes. This may include the retail sale during November and December of trees that were produced on the premises. Regulated as crop production by this chapter.
CHURCH
See "place of worship."
CLEAR CUTTING
A logging method that removes all trees or the vast majority of trees from a mostly wooded area.
CLEAR SIGHT TRIANGLE
An area of unobstructed vision at street intersections defined by the right-of-way lines of the streets and by a line of sight between points on the street right-of-way lines at a given distance from the intersection of the right-of-way lines.
CLINIC
An establishment where patients are admitted for examination and treatment on an outpatient basis by one or more physicians, dentists, other medical personnel, psychologists, or social workers and where patients require a stay of less than 24 hours. Considered a health facility for regulation by this chapter.
CLUB/LODGE, PRIVATE
An area of land or building used by a nonprofit civic, social, fraternal, recreational, religious, political, labor union, or educational association of persons (established via a meaningful and substantial membership system as opposed to a token system) to pursue common goals, interests, or activities, usually with the payment of fees and dues, regular meetings, and a charter and bylaws, but which is not routinely open to members of the general public and which is not primarily operated as a for-profit business. A club/lodge, private shall not include commercial recreation clubs such tennis or racquetball clubs or any other use which is specifically defined by this chapter. This use does not include a target range for outdoor shooting, a boardinghouse, a tavern, a restaurant, an auditorium or any other use specifically listed on the Table of Permitted Uses, unless that particular use is permitted in that zoning district and the requirements of that use are met. See § 119-40. See also "after-hours club."
COLLEGE
An educational institution authorized by the state to award associate, baccalaureate, or higher degrees.
COLUMN
A vertical support, usually cylindrical, consisting of a base, shaft and capital, either monolithic or built up of drums the full diameter of the shaft.
COMMERCIAL COMMUNICATION ANTENNA
Any structure, antenna, equipment, cabinet or other device which is intended for commercial or governmental use in transmitting or receiving wireless television, radio, telephone or other electronic communications, including internal or agency communications, but excluding the following which are not appropriate subjects of this chapter: (See standards in § 119-40.)
A. 
Industrial, scientific and medical equipment as regulated by the Federal Communications Commission in 47 CFR 18.
B. 
Military and government radar antennas and associated communication towers used for navigational purposes as regulated by 47 CFR 87.
C. 
Amateur (ham) and citizens' band transmitting and receiving antennas and associated communication towers as regulated by 47 CFR 97 and 47 CFR 95.
D. 
Radio transceivers normally hand-held or installed in a vehicle, such as an automobile, truck, trailer or watercraft.
E. 
A radio frequency machine which is designated and marketed as a consumer product, such as auditory assistance devices, biomedical telemetry devices, carrier current systems, Class A or B digital devices, field disturbance sensors, perimeter protection systems, power line carrier systems, microwave ovens or radio-controlled devices regulated by 47 CFR 15.
F. 
Privately owned antennas for receiving commercial television or radio serving a dwelling.
G. 
Towers and equipment used exclusively for emergency services or government communications.
COMMERCIAL COMMUNICATION DEVICE SUPPORT STRUCTURE
Any pole, telescoping mast, tower, tripod, or any other structure which supports a commercial communication device.
COMMERCIAL COMMUNICATION DEVICE SUPPORT STRUCTURE HEIGHT
The vertical distance measured from the base of the support structure at average grade to the highest point of the structure, including antennas.
COMMERCIAL DISTRICT
The VC Village Commercial/Residential, GC General Commercial, BP Business Park Overlay, I Institutional and LIC Light Industrial/Commercial Zoning Districts. The LIC Light Industrial/Commercial District may be considered a commercial or an industrial district.
COMMERCIAL USE
An occupation, employment, or enterprise carried on for profit by the owner, lessee, or licensee. The sale of goods or services from a vehicle on a lot shall also be considered to be a commercial use.
COMMISSION
The Planning Commission of Chestnuthill Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
COMMON AREA
All of the real property and improvements dedicated for the common use and enjoyment of the residents of a particular development, including, but not limited to, open land, development improvements, common facilities, and recreation area.
COMMON FACILITIES
Improvements in a development that are not required by the Township but have been constructed as part of a development for the common use and enjoyment of the residents of that development, including, but not limited to, community centers, recreation buildings and structures, and administrative and maintenance buildings.
COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION
See "property owners' association."
COMMUNITY CENTER
A use that exists solely to provide primarily indoor leisure and educational activities and programs and meeting space to members of the surrounding community and/or certain age groups, and which does not involve substantial use of machinery or noise-producing equipment. The use also may include the preparation and/or provision of meals to low-income elderly persons as accessory to leisure activities. This shall not include residential uses or a treatment center.
COMPOSTING
The process by which organic solid waste is biologically decomposed under controlled anaerobic or aerobic conditions to yield a humus-like product.
COMPOSTING FACILITY
A facility using land for processing of municipal waste by composting. The term includes land thereby affected during the lifetime of the operations, including, but not limited to, areas where composting actually occurs, support facilities, borrow areas, offices, equipment sheds, air and water pollution control and treatment systems, access roads, associated on-site or contiguous collection, transportation and storage facilities, closure and post-closure care and maintenance activities and other activities in which the natural land surface has been disturbed as a result of or incidental to operation of the facility. The term does not include a facility for composting residential municipal waste that is located at the site where the waste was generated.
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN
The most-recent Comprehensive Plan (which may be a regional plan) adopted by Chestnuthill Township, including all maps, charts and textual matter.
CONCENTRATED ANIMAL FEEDING OPERATION (CAFO)
Any livestock operation which is defined as a concentrated animal feeding operation by Commonwealth of Pennsylvania regulations.
CONCRETE BATCH PLANT
A facility in which materials (portland cement, aggregates, water, admixtures) are combined by a central mixer to produce concrete for transportation to and use at another site, and shall include customary accessory uses, including offices, maintenance and storage garages, material storage facilities, equipment and truck storage areas, scales, conveyors, water storage and heating facilities, stormwater management, sediment basins, concrete recycling/reclamation equipment and other uses customarily necessary to produce, sell and transport mixed concrete. Considered industry for regulation by this chapter.
CONDITIONAL USE
A use in a particular zoning district to be allowed or denied by the Board of Supervisors pursuant to public notice and hearing and recommendation of the Township Planning Commission as authorized by Section 603(c)(2) of the Municipalities Planning Code.[1] See § 119-18 and § 119-27.
CONFERENCE CENTER
A facility used for conferences and seminars, with accommodations for sleeping, food preparation and eating, recreation, entertainment, resource facilities, meeting rooms, fitness and health center, and retail stores and services primarily for conference center guests.
CONSERVATION AREA, PRIMARY
Those areas of a development tract included in conservation open space and which are comprised of primary resources on which development is minimized.
CONSERVATION AREA, SECONDARY
Lands containing secondary resources that are conserved as a part of conservation open space.
CONSERVATION DESIGN SUBDIVISION
A subdivision designed at the regulated dwelling unit density where individual lots are reduced in size, important natural resources are conserved, and the resultant open space is preserved in perpetuity.
CONSERVATION EASEMENT
A right or interest in land granted primarily for the preservation of the land in its undeveloped state but which may allow limited development (e.g., a residential structure) and other compatible uses such as agriculture and forestry.
CONSERVATION OPEN SPACE
See "open space, conservation."
CONSTRAINED LAND
Selected resources and areas of restricted land multiplied by a protection factor, totaled and used for the calculation of adjusted tract area related to conservation design development.
CONSTRUCTION
The erection, reconstruction, renovation, repair, extension, expansion, alteration or relocation of a building or structure, including the placement of mobile homes.
[Amended 4-23-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-04]
CONTRACTOR'S YARD
Any premises used as the base of operation by any tradesman or contractor for the storage of equipment, vehicles and supplies.
CONVENIENCE STORE
A retail establishment of up to 5,000 square feet selling prepackaged food products, household items, newspapers and magazines, candy, and beverages, a limited amount of freshly prepared foods such as sandwiches and salads for off-premises consumption, self-service fuel or other goods commonly associated with the same.
CONVENTIONAL DESIGN DEVELOPMENT
A subdivision or land development designed at the dwelling unit density specified in this chapter where individual lot reduction is not permitted.
CORRAL
An enclosure for confining livestock and which is typically attached to or situated in close proximity to a stable or barn; as contrasted to a pasture.
CORRECTIONAL FACILITY
A public or private facility used to house and/or rehabilitate adults or juveniles detained, sentenced or adjudicated delinquent by the criminal justice system, including, but not limited to, jails, prisons, penitentiaries, reformatories, halfway houses, transitional living facilities, juvenile detention facilities, and similar facilities.
COUNTRY CLUB
A recreational property owned and managed by a nonprofit membership organization and including recreational facilities, restaurant and meeting rooms. Property owners' associations and/or the property they maintain shall not be considered, however, as country clubs, nor shall other residential or commercial properties operated for profit.
COUNTY
The County of Monroe, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
COUNTY PLANNING COMMISSION
The Planning Commission of Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
COVERAGE, LOT
See "lot coverage."
CRAWL SPACE
An enclosed portion of a building or an open pier area, not exceeding six feet in height from floor to ceiling, located below the first occupied floor of a building and not used for business or dwelling purposes. A crawl space shall not be counted as a story for the purpose of building height measurement or determining the gross floor area of a building.
CREMATORIUM
A furnace or establishment for the incineration of human or animal corpses.
CROP PRODUCTION
An agricultural use involving the use of land for the raising of cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, silage, or fruit. The definition excludes commercial greenhouses as defined by this chapter.
CRUSHER PLANT
An operation which processes minerals or other materials and crushes them to various sizes for the purpose of resale or use. Considered industry for regulation by this chapter.
CULTURAL CENTER
A public or nonprofit operated building open to the public which contains exhibits of a cultural interest, such as a museum, art gallery, nature center, library, etc.
CURATIVE AMENDMENT, LANDOWNER
A process provided in the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code that permits a landowner to seek to prove the invalidity of portions of a zoning ordinance.
CURATIVE AMENDMENT, MUNICIPAL
A process provided in the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code that permits a municipality to address the potential invalidity of portions or all of its own Zoning Ordinance.
DAY-CARE CENTER
A facility which cares for seven or more children or adults for periods of less than 24 hours per day at any hours of any day of the year. See § 119-40.
DAY CARE, FAMILY HOME
A private residence where six or fewer children or adults receive care or supervision for periods of less than 18 hours per day at any hours between 6:00 a.m. and 12:00 midnight. See § 119-41.
DBH (DIAMETER AT BREAST HEIGHT)
Tree trunk diameter measured in inches at a height of 4.5 feet above the ground. If a tree divides or splits into multiple trunks below 4.5 feet, the trunk is measured at its most-narrow point beneath the split.
DECISION
A final adjudication of any board or other body granted jurisdiction under this chapter to do so, either by reason of the grant of exclusive jurisdiction or by reason of appeals from determinations. All decisions shall be appealable to a court of competent jurisdiction.
DECK
An attached or unattached platform structure elevated more than six inches and constructed with no walls and with no roof.
DELIVERY AND LOADING AREA
Loading docks or bays and the vehicular maneuvering areas serving them.
DENSITY
The total number of dwelling units per unit of land.
DEP
The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection and its relevant bureaus.
DETACHED BUILDING
See "building, detached."[2]
DETERMINATION
Final action by an officer, body or agency charged with the administration of this chapter or applications hereunder, which has that authority as stated in various parts of this chapter. Determinations shall be appealable only to the boards designated as having jurisdiction for such appeal.
DEVELOPER
Any landowner or agent thereof, or tenant or equitable owner under an agreement of sale having the permission of the landowner, who makes or causes to be made a subdivision of land or a land development.
DEVELOPMENT
Any man-made change to improved or unimproved real estate, including, but not limited to, buildings or other structures, the placement of mobile homes, streets and other paving, utilities, filling, grading, excavation, mining, dredging or drilling operations and the subdivision of land.
[Amended 4-23-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-04]
DEVELOPMENT IMPROVEMENTS
All the physical additions and changes to a tract and the constructed facilities necessary and/or required by the Township to produce a usable and functional development, including, but not limited to roads, parking areas, stormwater controls and drainage easements, landscaped areas, utilities, and water supplies and sewage disposal systems.
DEVELOPMENT PLAN
A proposed development, prepared in accord with this chapter and the Township Subdivision Ordinance, including a plat of the subject parcel and any subdivision, locations of various uses, and all covenants relating to uses, locations and sizes of buildings and other structures, intensity of use or density of development, streets, ways, and parking facilities, common open spaces and public facilities.
DEVELOPMENT SALES OFFICE
Any structure erected within the confines of a subdivision for use by the owner or developer of the subdivision as an office on a short-term basis for the promotion of sales of real estate exclusively within the confines of the subdivision, with ultimate use of the structure in conformance with the standards applicable in the district in which the structure is located.
DISTRIBUTION CENTER/TRUCK TERMINAL
An establishment engaged in the receipt, storage and distribution of goods, products, cargo and materials, including transshipment by boat, rail, air or motor vehicle. Breakdown of large orders from a single source into smaller orders and consolidation of several orders into one large one for distribution to several recipients and vice versa are often part of the operation. The operation may include the storage or parking of trucks awaiting cargo as well as facilities for servicing of trucks. Storage facilities, such as warehouses, incidental to the principal use may also be part of the operation. Retail sales, manufacturing and assembly, or product processing, are not considered part of a distribution center/truck terminal.
DISTRICT (or ZONE or ZONING DISTRICT)
A land area within the Township within which certain uniform regulations and requirements apply under the provisions of this chapter.
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE SHELTER
A residence providing food, shelter, medical care, legal assistance, personal guidance, or other services to persons who have been victims of domestic violence, including any children of such victims, and who temporarily require shelter and assistance in order to protect their physical or psychological welfare.
DORMITORY
A building used as group living quarters for a student body or religious order as an accessory use to a college, university, boarding school, convent, monastery, or similar institutional use, which is owned by and is located on the same parcel as the institution it serves.
DRIVE-IN STAND/USE
An establishment that, by design, physical facilities, service, or packaging procedures, encourages or permits customers to receive services or obtain goods while remaining in their motor vehicles.
DRIVE-IN THEATER
See "theater, drive-in."
DRIVEWAY
A privately owned and constructed vehicular access from an approved private or public road into a lot or parcel having frontage or legal access on the said road.
DUMP
See "solid waste landfill."
DWELLING
A structure or portion thereof which is used exclusively for human habitation.
DWELLING, APARTMENT UNIT
One or more rooms, with private bath and kitchen facilities, constituting an independent, self-contained dwelling unit in a building containing three or more dwelling units.
DWELLING, LOT LINE
A single-family, detached dwelling on an individual lot, with the building set on, or close to, one side property line, so that the lot essentially has only one side yard. This side yard and the rear yard constitute the primary outdoor living areas for the dwelling. Typically, no windows are placed in the building wall that is on the lot line. If the building is set on the lot line, a five-foot easement is provided on the adjacent property along the lot line for necessary access and maintenance of the building wall.
 Dwelling Lot Line.tif
DWELLING, MULTIFAMILY
A building or buildings designed for occupancy by three or more families living independently of each other in separate dwelling units. The term "multifamily dwelling" shall include condominium as well as noncondominium housing units, including the following construction types:
[Amended 4-23-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-04]
A. 
A dwelling unit located in a multifamily dwelling structure in which each unit has its own front access to the outside and may have a rear access to the outside, no unit is located over another unit and each unit is separated from any other unit by one or more vertical common fire-resistant walls.
B. 
A multifamily dwelling structure, originally designed as such, containing three to 10 apartment units and not exceeding 2.5 stories or 35 feet in height, with access to each apartment unit usually from a common hall with the apartment units located back-to-back, adjacent, or one on top of another.
C. 
A multifamily dwelling structure, originally designed as such, containing three or more apartment units, which is more than 2.5 stories but not exceeding the height limitations (in feet) of this chapter.
D. 
The conversion of an existing single-family detached dwelling into three to five dwelling units.
DWELLING, QUADRAPLEX
Four attached single-family dwellings in one building in which each unit has two open space exposures and shares one or two walls with adjoining unit or units.
DWELLING, SINGLE-FAMILY DETACHED
A building containing one dwelling unit that is not attached to any other dwelling by any means and is surrounded by open space or yards.
DWELLING, TWO-FAMILY
A building containing two dwelling units either attached side-by-side through the use of a vertical party wall and having one side yard adjacent to each dwelling unit; or upstairs/downstairs units.
[Amended 4-23-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-04]
DWELLING UNIT
One or more rooms, occupied or intended for occupancy, as separate living quarters by a single family maintaining a household, the members of which have unrestricted access to all other parts thereof, with cooking, sleeping, and sanitary facilities provided therein, for the exclusive use of that single family.
[Amended 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-01]
EARTH DISTURBANCE ACTIVITY
Any construction or other activity which disturbs the surface of the land, including, but not limited to, excavations, embankments, land development, subdivision development, mineral extraction and the moving, depositing or storing of soil, rock or earth.
EASEMENT
A grant of one or more of the property rights by the property owner to and/or for use by the public, a corporation, or another person or entity.
EAVE
The overhang at the lower edge of the roof and which usually projects out over the exterior walls of the structure.
EMERGENCY SERVICES STATION
A building for the housing of fire, emergency medical or police personnel and equipment and for related activities and which may, as an accessory use, include housing for emergency personnel while on call.
EMPLOYEE
A worker or proprietor (including both part-time and full-time, both compensated and volunteer, and both employee and contractor) present on a lot at any one time, other than clearly temporary and occasional persons working on physical improvements to the site.
ENCROACHMENT
Construction of any building, structure or any obstruction or illegal or unauthorized intrusion within the boundaries of any adjacent land, right-of-way, street, setback, watercourse or public or reserved ground shown or laid out on any official map, Township-approved plot plan or in violation of any provision set forth in this chapter.
ENGINEER, TOWNSHIP
A professional engineer licensed as such in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, duly appointed as the Engineer of the Township.
ERECT
To build, construct, alter, repair, display, relocate, attach, hang, place, suspend or affix any building or structure.
ESSENTIAL SERVICES
Municipal or utility facilities that do not require enclosure in a building, which are necessary for the public health and safety, and which are routine, customary and appropriate to the character of the area in which proposed, including such facilities as poles, towers, wires, mains, drains, sewers, pipes, conduits, cables, fire alarm boxes, police call boxes, traffic signals, hydrants, and other similar equipment. Buildings, sewage treatment plants, solid waste disposal facilities, commercial communication towers, utility company offices, storage of trucks or equipment and bulk storage, any commercial communications devices and any other use specifically defined by this chapter shall not be considered essential services. For essential services requiring enclosure in a building, see "semipublic building or use."
EXERCISE CLUB
An establishment that offers facilities such as the following: weight rooms, exercise equipment, nonhousehold pool and racquetball courts. Considered a service establishment for regulation by this chapter.
A. 
A person living alone or any of the following groups living together as a single, stable, nontransient housekeeping unit and sharing common living, sleeping, cooking, and eating facilities:
(1) 
Any number of people related by blood, marriage, adoption, guardianship or other duly authorized custodial relationship resulting in one of the following relationships: husband, wife, brother, sister, parent, child, grandparent, great-grandparent, grandchild, great-grandchild, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, sister-in-law, brother-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law or first cousin;
(2) 
Three unrelated people;
(3) 
Two unrelated people and any children related to either of them;
(4) 
Not more than the number of residents of a group home meeting the requirements of § 119-40A(19).
(5) 
Not more than eight people who are granted a special exception as a single nonprofit housekeeping unit (a "functional family") pursuant to § 119-40A(18).
B. 
The definition of a "family" does not include:
(1) 
Any society, club, fraternity, sorority, association, lodge, combine, federation, coterie, or like organization;
(2) 
Any group of individuals whose association is temporary or seasonal in nature;
(3) 
Any group of individuals who are in a group living arrangement as a result of criminal offenses; and
(4) 
Any person or group of individuals occupying, in whole or in part, a building or portion thereof as a short-term rental.
FARM-RELATED BUSINESS
See § 119-41D(6).
FARM STAND
A booth or stall on a farm and from which produce and farm products grown on the premises are sold to the general public.
FENCE or WALL
Any artificially constructed barrier of any material or combination of materials erected to enclose or screen areas of land or to be used as a means of protection or confinement; also, a structure which permanently or temporarily prohibits or inhibits unrestricted travel between properties or portions of properties or between the street or public right-of-way and a property. The term "wall" does not include engineering retaining walls, which are permitted uses as needed in all districts. The terms "fence" and "wall" do not include hedges, trees or shrubs. See § 119-41.
FINANCIAL INSTITUTION
See "bank."
FIREWOOD CUTTING AND SALES
The importing of trees or firewood from any property to any other property for cutting or sale for use as firewood. This may include the storage of the cut trees and firewood, and customers on the site to purchase firewood, but no other retail sales. This shall not include the cutting by a property owner of trees growing on his property for sale as firewood. Considered agricultural products processing for regulation by this chapter.
FLEA MARKET, INDOOR
Any sales activity conducted entirely in an enclosed building, where stalls or sales areas may be set aside and rented or otherwise provided which are intended for use by various unrelated individuals, at which articles that are either homemade, homegrown, handcrafted, old, obsolete, or antique are sold, and which may include the selling of goods at retail by businesses or individuals who are generally engaged in retail trade. Considered a retail business for regulation by this chapter.
FLEA MARKET, OUTDOOR
Any sales activity conducted in the open air or under any pavilion or other building, tent or structure which is not fully enclosed, where stalls or sales areas may be set aside and rented or otherwise provided which are intended for use by various unrelated individuals, at which articles that are either homemade, homegrown, handcrafted, old, obsolete, or antique are sold, and which may include the selling of goods at retail by businesses or individuals who are generally engaged in retail trade.
FLOOD (and related definitions)
See § 119-45.
FLOOR AREA, GROSS
The sum of the total horizontal areas of all floors of a building measured from the exterior face of exterior walls, or from the center line of a wall separating two buildings, but not including interior parking spaces, loading space for vehicles, any space where the floor-to-ceiling height is less than six feet, elevator shafts, common stairwells in an apartment building, and unenclosed porches, decks and breezeways.
FLOOR AREA, HABITABLE
That portion of the gross floor area within a building having a distance between floor and ceiling of at least seven feet for residential structures and at least 7 1/2 feet for nonresidential structures, and not including garage or accessory building space.
FLOOR AREA, NET
The total of all floor areas of a building, excluding stairwells and elevator shafts, equipment rooms, interior vehicular parking or loading, and all floors below the first or ground floor except when these are used or intended to be used for human habitation or service to the public.
FORESTRY
The management of forests and timberlands when practiced in accord with accepted silvicultural principles, through developing, cultivating, harvesting, transporting and selling trees for commercial purposes, which does not involve any of the following: a land development, the operation of a sawmill or the operation of any other wood manufacturing business.
FRATERNITY OR SORORITY HOUSE
A building containing sleeping rooms, bathrooms, common rooms, and a central kitchen and dining room maintained exclusively for fraternity or sorority members currently enrolled and their guests or visitors and affiliated with an institution of higher learning.[3]
FUNERAL HOME
A building or part thereof used for human or animal funeral services. (A "crematorium" is a separate regulated use.) Such building may contain space and facilities for any of the following:
A. 
Embalming and the performance of other services used in preparation of the dead for burial.
B. 
The performance of autopsies and other surgical procedures.
C. 
The storage of caskets, funeral urns, and other related funeral supplies.
D. 
The storage of funeral vehicles.
FUR-BEARING ANIMAL
Animals raised or trapped in the wild for their pelts, such as mink, sable, and ermine.
A. 
Any facility in which any form of gaming is conducted as authorized by the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, including, without limitation, gaming authorized by:
(1) 
The Pennsylvania Racehorse Development and Gaming Act, P.L. 572, No. 71, 4 Pa. C.S.A. § 1101 et seq., as amended from time to time (the Racehorse Development and Gaming Act); and
(2) 
The Racehorse Industry Reform Act, P.L. 435, No. 135, 4 P.S. § 325.101 et seq., as amended from time to time (the Racehorse Reform Act).
B. 
Notwithstanding the foregoing, for purposes of this chapter, the term "gaming establishments" shall not include or encompass facilities or establishments at which small games of chance are played or facilities participating in any lottery authorized by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
GARAGE
A deck, building, or parking structure, or part thereof, used or intended to be used for the parking and storage of vehicles.
GARAGE, PRIVATE CUSTOMER AND EMPLOYEE
A structure that is accessory to an institutional, commercial, or manufacturing establishment, building, or use and is primarily for the parking and storage of vehicles operated by the customers, visitors, and employees of such building and that is not available to the general public.
GARAGE, PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL
A structure that is accessory to a single- or two-family dwelling, is used for the parking and storage of vehicle(s) owned and operated by the residents thereof, and is not a separate commercial enterprise available to the general public.
GARAGE, PUBLIC PARKING
A structure or portion thereof, other than a private customer and employee garage or private residential garage, used primarily for the parking and storage of vehicles and available to the general public.
GARAGE SALE
See "yard sale."
GARDEN CENTER, RETAIL
A retail establishment engaged in the sale of ornamental trees, shrubs and plants and supplies for gardening and landscaping. Considered retail business for regulation by this chapter.
GAZEBO
An unenclosed, detached, covered accessory structure primarily used for recreation or socializing.
GLARE
A sensation of brightness within the visual field which causes annoyance, discomfort or loss in visual performance, visibility and/or ability to focus. See § 119-48.
GLAZING
The panes or sheets of glass or other nonglass material made to be set in frames, as in windows or doors.
GOLF COURSE
A tract of land for playing golf, improved with trees, greens, fairways, and hazards, and which may include clubhouses and shag ranges, but does not include miniature golf courses or golf driving ranges.
GOLF COURSE, MINIATURE
A novelty version of golf played with a putter and golf ball on a miniature course, typically with artificial playing surfaces, and including obstacles such as bridges and tunnels. Considered a recreation facility, commercial for regulation by this chapter.
GOLF DRIVING RANGE
A facility arranged with golf tees and used for longer-range play of golf balls where balls are supplied for a fee. It may also include a putting green. Considered a recreation facility, commercial for regulation by this chapter.
GOVERNING BODY
The Board of Supervisors of Chestnuthill Township.
GRADE
The elevation of ground or paving.
 dia_0014.tif
GRADE, FINISHED
The final elevation of the average ground level, after development, adjoining a building at all exterior walls or adjoining other improvements.
GRADE, NATURAL
The elevation of the ground level in its natural state before construction, filling, or excavation.
GRAIN STORAGE, DISTRIBUTION, PROCESSING AND MILLING OPERATIONS
A facility, including necessary structures, where grain is received and stored on site until it is prepared for reshipment or is prepared for use as an ingredient in other products and is then shipped to other manufacturers. Considered agricultural products processing for regulation by this chapter.
GREEN BOX TRANSFER STATION/RECYCLING FACILITY
A facility meeting applicable DEP requirements which is operated by a municipality or a property owners' association (see definition) where municipal waste and recyclables are collected for transport to another site for disposal or processing.
GREENHOUSE, COMMERCIAL
A structure, typically constructed of metal or wood framework and covered with glass or plastic, used for the propagation of plants for wholesale distribution, and including associated structures for office space and storage, but not including retail sales of any products or services.
GREENHOUSE, PRIVATE
An accessory structure, typically constructed of metal or wood framework and covered with glass or plastic, for private noncommercial use.
GREEN ROOF
An engineered, multilayered roofing system sustaining the growth of plants on a rooftop while protecting the integrity of the underlying structure. The components of a green roof typically consist of a waterproofing membrane, root barrier, drainage layer, retention layer, filter fabric, growing medium and plants.
GROSS FLOOR AREA
See "floor area, gross."
GROSS TRACT AREA
See "tract area, gross."
GROUP HOME
The use of any lawful dwelling unit which meets all of the following criteria: (See standards in § 119-40.)
A. 
Involves the care of the maximum number of persons permitted by the group home standards of § 119-40A(19) and meets all other standards of such section.
B. 
Involves persons functioning as a common household.
C. 
Involves providing nonroutine support services and oversight to persons who need such assistance to avoid being placed within an institution, because of physical disability, old age, mental impairment or other handicap* as defined by applicable Federal law.
D. 
Does not involve the housing or treatment of persons who could reasonably be considered a threat to the physical safety of others.
*NOTE: As of 1992, the Federal Fair Housing Act defined "handicap" as follows: (1) a physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one or more of such person's major life activities; (2) a record of having such an impairment; or (3) being regarded as having such an impairment, but such term does not include current, illegal use of or addiction to a controlled substance as defined in § 802 of Title 21.
GROUP HOME, INSTITUTIONAL
A use that would otherwise meet the definition of "group home" but which includes more than the permitted number of residents specified in § 119-40.
GUARD SHACK
An accessory building or structure, together with any associated gates and related equipment, which is designed, occupied and operated for the purpose of controlling vehicular access.
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
A product or waste, or combination of substances, that, because of the quantity, concentration, physical or infectious characteristics, if not properly treated, stored, transported, used or disposed of, or otherwise managed, would create a potential threat to public health through direct or indirect introduction into groundwater resources and the subsurface environment, which includes the soil and all subsequent materials located below. Such hazardous material includes, but is not limited to, materials which are included in the latest edition of one or more of the following lists:
A. 
Hazardous substances as defined pursuant to Section 311 of the Federal Clean Water Act, or its successor provisions.
B. 
Hazardous substances as defined pursuant to the Federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, or its successor provisions.
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, EXTREMELY
Hazardous substances included on the list of "Extremely Hazardous Substances" in 29 Code of Federal Regulations Part 355, or its successor provisions.
HEALTH FACILITY
An establishment primarily engaged in providing services for human health maintenance, including medical and dental clinics and hospitals, whether publicly or privately operated.
HEARING
An administrative proceeding conducted by the Planning Commission, Board of Supervisors, or Zoning Hearing Board pursuant the requirements of this chapter.
HEIGHT, BUILDING
See "building height."
HELIPORT
An area, either at ground level or elevated on a structure, licensed by the federal government and/or the commonwealth, for the loading, landing, and takeoff of helicopters, and including auxiliary facilities, such as parking, waiting room, fueling, and maintenance equipment.
HELISTOP
A heliport without auxiliary facilities, such as parking, waiting room, fueling, and maintenance equipment, limited to a maximum total of 15 flights or take-offs in any seven-day period (in addition to flights necessary for emergency medical purposes) and that is not available for use by the general public.
HOMELESS SHELTER
A government or nonprofit corporation facility providing temporary housing to indigent, needy or homeless persons.
HOME OCCUPATION
The use of a portion of a dwelling unit, such as an office, studio or workroom, for a commercial occupation at home by persons residing in the dwelling unit. See § 119-41 for standards. See also "no-impact home-based business."
HOMEOWNERS' ASSOCIATION
See "property owners' association."
HORSE
Any animal of the horse family or resembling a horse, including, but not limited to, horses, ponies, mules and donkeys.
HOSPITAL
An institution or establishment providing primary health services and medical or surgical care to persons, primarily inpatients, and including, as an integral part of the institution, related facilities such as laboratories, outpatient facilities training facilities, medical offices, or staff residences. Considered a health facility for regulation by this chapter.
HOTEL
A facility offering temporary (generally for periods of two weeks or less and not intended to be used as a residence) lodging accommodations to the general public, typically on the basis of daily or weekly rentals, and providing additional services such as restaurants, meeting rooms and recreational facilities.
HUNTING/FISHING CLUBS OR CAMPS
Land and/or a stream or body of water and adjacent area on any bank thereof, owned or leased by a person or group of persons duly formed as a club, used principally for hunting/fishing, open only to members and guests and involving no buildings other than those for lodging, eating and sanitary facilities for members and guests and accessory structures.
IMPERVIOUS SURFACE
A surface that prevents the percolation of water into the ground, such as rooftops, pavement, sidewalks, driveways, gravel drives, roads and parking, and compacted fill, earth or turf to be used as such.
 dia_0015.tif
IMPROVEMENTS
See "development improvements."
INDUSTRIAL DISTRICT
The LIC Light Industrial/Commercial, BP Business Park Overlay and GI General Industrial Zoning Districts.
INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITY
A facility not located on the same lot where the wastewater is generated which is used for treating and removing any harmful chemicals, compounds (including the flow back water and solutions used in the process of hydraulic fracturing for natural gas), nutrients, organics, solids, radionuclides or other materials prior to being transported off site for reuse or discharged into a stream or into the soil. Such a facility typically includes a multibay truck loading/unloading station, skim ponds for oil/water separation, water clarifiers, sludge dewatering facilities, reverse-osmosis units, evaporators, chemical feed equipment, pumps and other appurtenances.
INDUSTRY
Establishments engaged in the basic mechanical, chemical or other transformation of extracted or raw materials or substances into new products or materials, including, but not limited to, the manufacturing or transformation of products for use by other manufacturers, the blending of materials such as lubricating oils, plastics, resins or liquors, other basic industrial processes, mineral processing, and any facility involving processes resulting in the nonincidental storage of hazardous materials or the generation of hazardous waste products, or other environmentally hazardous processes.
INTERNAL BLOCK
One or more lots, tracts, or parcels of land bounded by internal circulation routes, railroads, or subdivision boundary lines.
INTERNAL CIRCULATION ROUTE
Either a public street or a private drive edged by a curb or delineator device within a development, functioning as part of an internal circulation system for a large-scale retail/commercial development.
A. 
Any scrap, waste, refuse, reclaimable material or debris, vehicles, appliances, equipment or machinery, or parts thereof, whether or not stored or used in conjunction with dismantling, processing, salvage, storage, baling, disposal or other use or disposition. Junk shall include, but shall not be limited to:
(1) 
Scrap iron, tin, brass, copper, lead, zinc and all other metals and alloys; bones, rags, paper, used cloth, used rubber, used rope, and similar materials; old or used, or parts of machinery, vehicles, tools, appliances, furniture, plumbing, heating and other fixtures, and pipe and pipe fittings;
(2) 
Used lumber, boxes, crates and pallets;
(3) 
Used tires;
(4) 
Other worn, deteriorated, or obsolete manufactured goods which are unusable;
(5) 
Mobile homes that are not in habitable condition; and
(6) 
Abandoned or junked vehicles.
B. 
Junk shall not include:
(1) 
Any solid or liquid waste, the disposal of which is regulated by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection.
(2) 
Agricultural vehicles and implements, such as tractors, mowers, etc., for use as parts for equipment and machinery used as part of an active, ongoing agricultural operation, provided such equipment is stored on the premises of the operation, can be legitimately used for parts, and is adequately screened.
(3) 
Construction and contractor's equipment for use as parts for equipment and machinery used as part of an active, ongoing contracting business legally operating in accord with this chapter, provided such equipment is stored on the premises of the operation, can be legitimately used for parts, and is adequately screened.
JUNKYARD
An area of land, with or without buildings, used for the storage, outside a completely enclosed building, of junk, as defined by this chapter, with or without the dismantling, processing, salvage, sale or other use or disposition of the same. Vehicle sales lots managed by licensed vehicle dealers operated in accord with this chapter shall not be considered junkyards. The following shall also be considered junkyards:
A. 
The outside storage or deposit on a lot of two or more abandoned or junked vehicles if not screened. (See definition of "screened.") This shall not apply to such vehicles stored as part of a vehicle repair operation conducted in accord with this chapter.
B. 
The outside storage or deposit on a lot of one or more mobile homes that are not in habitable condition.
C. 
A junkyard specifically shall include but not be limited to a metal scrap yard or auto salvage yard.
KENNEL
Any of the following:
A. 
Any commercial establishment where dogs, cats, or other household pets are housed or boarded and where grooming, breeding, training, or selling of animals may be conducted.
B. 
As defined by the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Dog Law Enforcement: pet shop kennels, dealer kennels, rescue network kennels, research kennels, boarding kennels, nonprofit kennels and commercial kennels.
C. 
Any veterinary clinic with outdoor animal runs.
D. 
The keeping of a greater number of dogs and/or cats than are permitted under the "keeping of pets" provisions in § 119-41D(11).
LAKE or POND
A natural or artificial body of water, 0.25 acre or larger, which retains water year-round. Artificial ponds may be created by dams or result from excavation.
A. 
Any of the following activities:
(1) 
The improvement of one lot or two or more contiguous lots, tracts or parcels of land for any purpose involving:
(a) 
A group of two or more residential or nonresidential buildings, whether proposed initially or cumulatively, or a single nonresidential building on a lot or lots regardless of the number of occupants or tenure; or
(b) 
The division or allocation of land or space, whether initially or cumulatively, between or among two or more existing or prospective occupants by means of, or for the purpose of, streets, common areas, leaseholds, condominiums, building groups or other features.
(2) 
A subdivision of land.
B. 
The definition of "land development" shall not include the following:
(1) 
The conversion of an existing single-family detached dwelling or single-family semidetached dwelling into not more than three residential units, unless such units are intended to be a condominium.
(2) 
The addition of an accessory building, including farm buildings, on a lot or lots subordinate to an existing principal building.
(3) 
The addition or conversion of buildings or rides within the confines of an enterprise which would be considered an amusement park. For purposes of this subsection, an "amusement park" is defined as a tract or area used principally as a location for permanent amusement structures or rides. This exclusion shall not apply to newly acquired acreage by an amusement park until initial plans for the expanded area have been approved by the Township.
LANDFILL
See "solid waste facility."
LANDOWNER
The legal or beneficial owner or owners of land, including the holder of an option or contract to purchase (whether or not such option or contract is subject to any condition), a lessee if he is authorized under the lease to exercise the rights of the landowner, or other person having a proprietary interest in land.
LARGE-SCALE RETAIL/COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT
An individual freestanding building or multiple-building development in which the combined total of all structures and outdoor sales areas within the development (regardless of diverse lotting, use or tenancy) equals 20,000 square feet or more of gross floor area, used for conference centers; gaming establishments; hotels; motels; recreation facilities, commercial; restaurants; retail businesses; service establishments; taverns; theaters; or similar patron-based uses; but not including camps/retreats, country clubs, and resorts.
LIBRARY
See "cultural center."
LIGHTING, DIFFUSED
Illumination that passes from the source through a translucent cover or shade.
LIGHT MANUFACTURING
See "manufacturing, light."
LIVESTOCK
Cattle, bison, sheep, goats, llamas, alpacas, swine, ostriches, emus, and similar animals.
LIVESTOCK OPERATION
See "animal husbandry."
LOADING/UNLOADING SPACE
An interior or exterior off-street space or berth used for the loading or unloading of people, cargo, products, or materials from vehicles.
LONG-TERM RESIDENCY
See "residency, long-term."
LOT
A designated parcel, tract, or area of land established by a plat or otherwise as permitted by law and to be used, developed or built upon as a unit.
 dia_0016.tif
LOT AREA
The horizontal land area contained within the lot lines of a lot (measured in acres or square feet). See also "lot area, minimum required."
[Amended 4-23-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-04; 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-01]
LOT AREA, GROSS
The horizontal land area contained within the property lines of a lot measured in acres or square feet. The term includes area of land, land area, lot size, parcel area, parcel size, tract area and any similar terms as related to the gross area.
[Added 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-01]
LOT AREA, MINIMUM REQUIRED
The horizontal land area contained within the lot lines of a lot (measured in acres or square feet) determined by deducting from the total lot size the areas as specified in § 119-38D(4)(a).
[Added 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-01]
LOT, CORNER
A lot or parcel of land abutting two or more streets at their intersection, or upon two parts of the same street forming an interior angle of less than 135°. A lot abutting upon a curved street or streets shall be considered a corner lot if the tangent to the curve at the points beginning within the lot or at the points of intersection of the side lot lines with the street lines intersects at an angle of less than 135°.
LOT COVERAGE
That portion of the lot covered by all created improvements, including, but not limited to, primary buildings, decks, porches, accessory buildings, paving, patios, sidewalks, pools and other impervious areas, provided that where a municipal boundary bisects a lot, the total area of the lot, regardless of the municipal boundary, shall be used for the purpose of determining compliance with the permitted lot coverage.
LOT DEPTH
The horizontal distance between the midpoint of the front lot line and the midpoint of the rear lot line.
LOT, EXISTING OF RECORD
Any lot or parcel of property which was legally in existence and properly on file with the County Recorder of Deeds prior to the effective date of the original Township Zoning Ordinance. (See "parent tract.")
LOT, FLAG
A lot not meeting minimum frontage requirements and where access to the public road is by a narrow, private right-of-way or driveway.[4]
LOT, INTERIOR
A lot other than a corner lot, the sides of which do not abut a street.
LOT LINES
The property lines bounding the lot. Wherever a property line borders a public street, for the purposes of determining setbacks, the "lot line" is considered to be the existing street right-of-way line or that which will exist at the time of completion of a subdivision or development.
A. 
The lot line(s) separating the lot from any street. For a corner lot, see § 119-71B.
B. 
The lot line(s) most distant from and most parallel to the front lot line.
C. 
Any lot line other than a front or rear lot line.
 Sample Lot Line Config.tif
LOT, REVERSE-FRONTAGE
A through lot with frontage on two streets, with vehicular access restricted to only one of the streets.
LOT, THROUGH
A lot that fronts on two parallel streets or that fronts on two streets that do not intersect at the boundaries of the lot.
LOT WIDTH
The horizontal distance between the side lines of a lot, measured at right angles to its depth along a straight line parallel to the front lot line at the minimum required or approved front and rear building lines. In the case of a lot fronting on a cul-de-sac turnaround or curve, along a chord perpendicular to a radial line located equidistant between the side lot lines, the said chord shall intersect the radial line at a point located at the required or approved building setback line. (Note: Chapter 98, Subdivision and Land Development, includes provisions allowing reduction of lot widths in certain circumstances, including around cul-de-sac ends, and to allow flag lots within conservation design developments.)
LUMBERING
See "forestry."
LUMBERYARD
An area, with or without structures, used for the storage, distribution or sale of finished or rough-cut lumber and lumber products.
MANUFACTURED HOME SALES
See "vehicle and equipment sales operation."
A. 
Facilities involving generally unobtrusive processes carried on entirely within a fully enclosed building and not resulting in the nonincidental storage of hazardous materials or the generation of hazardous waste products or other environmentally hazardous processes. Light manufacturing includes, but is not limited to:
(1) 
Fabrication, processing, assembly, repair, testing, packing and/or storage of products made from previously prepared materials, products, components and parts, such as cloth, plastic, food, paper, glass, leather, stones, and electronic components.
(2) 
Research, engineering or testing laboratories.
(3) 
Textile and clothing manufacturing.
(4) 
Furniture or other wood products production.
B. 
Light manufacturing does not include:
(1) 
Basic industrial processing as defined by "industry."
(2) 
Processing of raw materials, except for milling and processing of grain.
(3) 
Slaughterhouses or the production of fish or meat products, or other uses as defined by "agricultural products processing."
(4) 
Rendering of fats and oils.
MASSAGE
Pressing, squeezing, stretching, or stimulating the face, scalp, neck, limbs, or other parts of the human body with or without cosmetic preparation, either by hand or with mechanical or electrical appliances.
MASSAGE FACILITY, THERAPEUTIC
A service establishment that meets all of the following criteria:
A. 
Massages are conducted for a fee, tip or other consideration; and
B. 
The person conducting the massage is licensed by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as a health care professional or a therapeutic massage therapist or is certified by the National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork or other recognized therapeutic massage organization that requires substantial professional training; and
C. 
The establishment does not meet the definition of "massage parlor."
MEDIATION
A voluntary negotiating process in which parties in a dispute mutually select a neutral mediator to assist them in jointly exploring and settling their differences, culminating in a written agreement which the parties themselves create and consider acceptable.
MEETING, ASSEMBLY, OR BANQUET HALLS
A structure designed for an assemblage of persons, including fraternal organizations, banquet facilities within eating and drinking establishments, catering facilities, and areas located within the grounds of churches to service gatherings such as weddings, parties, etc.
MENAGERIE
A collection of animals which are kept in cages or enclosures, inside a building or outdoors, for exhibition or educational purposes, with or without charge.
MICROBREWERY
A facility for the production, packaging and sampling of malt beverages of alcoholic and/or nonalcoholic content for retail or wholesale distribution, on or off the premises, and which produces less than 15,000 gallons of malt beverages per year.
MINERAL
Any aggregate or mass of mineral matter, whether or not coherent. The term includes, but is not limited to, limestone and dolomite, sand and gravel, rock and stone, earth, fill, slag, iron ore, zinc ore, vermiculite and clay, anthracite and bituminous coal, coal refuse, peat, and crude oil and natural gas.
MINERAL EXTRACTION
The mining, removal or recovery, by any means whatsoever (including, but not limited to, open excavations and quarries, subsurface mining and drilling), of minerals as defined in this Article II, and including the incidental screening, washing, crushing and grading of materials originating on the site. Mineral extraction shall not include:
A. 
The salvage removal of already quarried stone from existing quarries where no additional blasting, ripping or other mechanical operations are required.
B. 
The extraction of minerals by a landowner for the landowner's noncommercial use from land owned or leased by the landowner.
C. 
The extraction of sand, gravel, rock, stone, earth or fill from borrow pits for public road construction undertaken by a public entity or the extraction of minerals associated with a public construction contract.
D. 
The handling, processing or storage of slag on the premises of a manufacturer as a part of the manufacturing process.
E. 
The extraction, handling, processing or storing of minerals from a building construction excavation on the site of the construction if the minerals removed are incidental to the building construction excavation, regardless of the commercial value of the minerals. The minerals removed are incidental if the excavator demonstrates that:
(1) 
Extraction, handling, processing or storing is conducted concurrently with construction.
(2) 
The area mined is limited to the area necessary to construction.
(3) 
The construction is reasonably related to the use proposed for the site.
MINERAL PROCESSING
The refinement of minerals by the removal of impurities, reduction in size, transformation in state, or other means to specifications for sale or use, and the use of minerals in any manufacturing process such as, but not limited to, concrete or cement batching plants, asphalt plants and manufacture of concrete and clay products. This shall not include activities typically part of a pipeline compressor station, metering station or operation/maintenance facility. Mineral processing is considered industry for the purposes of regulation by this chapter.
MINI-MART
See "convenience store."
MOBILE HOME
A transportable, single-family dwelling intended for permanent occupancy, contained in one unit, or in two units designed to be joined into one integral unit capable of again being separated for repeated towing, which arrives at a site complete and ready for occupancy except for minor and incidental unpacking and assembly operations, and constructed so that it may be used without a permanent foundation, and which is subject to United States Department of Housing and Urban Development regulations.
MOBILE HOME LOT
A parcel of land in a mobile home park which is leased by the park owner to the occupants of the mobile home erected on the lot and which is improved with the necessary utility connections and other appurtenances necessary for the erection thereon of a single mobile home.
MOBILE HOME PARK
A parcel or contiguous parcels of land which have been so designated and improved that they contain two or more mobile home lots for the placement thereon of mobile homes.
MODEL HOME
Any structure erected for use as a display to promote the sale of similar residential structures, which may be utilized on a short-term basis as an office, with ultimate use of the structure to conform to a permitted use in the district in which the structure is located. (See also "sample home.")
MOTEL
A facility offering temporary (generally for periods of two weeks or less) lodging accommodations to the general public, typically on the basis of daily or weekly rentals, with at least 25% of the rooms having direct access to the outside. Rooms in the facility shall not be used as a principal residence, except for an employee (i.e., caretaker).
MUNICIPALITIES PLANNING CODE (MPC) or STATE PLANNING CODE
The Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, Act of 1968, P.L. 805, No. 247, as reenacted and amended.[5]
MULTIPLE-OCCUPANT COMMERCIAL BUILDING
A building containing two or more independent, nonresidential uses, such uses being permitted in the district where the multiple-occupant building is proposed.
MUNICIPALITY
Chestnuthill Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
MUSEUM
See "cultural center."
NATURAL GAS PROCESSING PLANT
A facility designed and constructed to remove materials such as ethane, propane, butane, and other constituents or similar substances from natural gas to allow such natural gas to be of such quality as is required or appropriate for transmission or distribution to commercial markets, but not including facilities or equipment that is designed and constructed primarily to remove water, water vapor, oil or naturally occurring liquids from the natural gas. A natural gas processing plant is considered industry for the purposes of regulation by this chapter. (See also "pipeline compressor station, metering station or operation/maintenance facilities.")
NEIGHBORHOOD
A development of five to 25 single-family, detached dwellings clustered in a concentrated area which is surrounded by open land or recreation area.
NIGHTCLUB
An establishment dispensing food and drink and in which music, dancing, or entertainment is an integral and significant part of the operation.
NO-IMPACT HOME-BASED BUSINESS
A business or commercial activity administered or conducted as an accessory use which is clearly secondary to the use as a residential dwelling and which involves no customer, client or patient traffic, whether vehicular or pedestrian, pickup, delivery or removal functions to or from the premises in excess of those normally associated with residential use. The business or commercial activity must satisfy the following requirements as set forth in Section 107 of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code.[6]
A. 
The business activity shall be compatible with the residential use of the property and surrounding residential uses.
B. 
The business shall employ no other employees other than family members residing in the dwelling.
C. 
There shall be no display or sale of retail goods and no stockpiling or inventory of a substantial nature.
D. 
There shall be no outside appearance of a business use, including, but not limited to, parking, signs or lights.
E. 
The business activity shall not use any equipment or process which creates noise, vibration, glare, fumes, odors or electrical or electronic interference, including interference with radio or television reception, which is detectable in the neighborhood.
F. 
The business activity shall not generate any solid waste or sewage discharge, in volume or type, which is not normally associated with residential use in the neighborhood.
G. 
The business shall be conducted only within the dwelling and may not occupy more than 25% of the habitable floor area.
H. 
The business shall not involve any illegal activity.
NONCONFORMING LOT
Any lot which does not conform with the minimum width, depth and area dimensions specified for the district where such a lot is situated, such lot having been created and recorded in the office of the Monroe County Recorder of Deeds prior to the effective date of this chapter, as amended. See § 119-73.
NONCONFORMING STRUCTURE
A structure or part of a structure which does not comply with the applicable district limitations on structure size and location on a lot, where such structure legally existed prior to the enactment of this chapter, as amended, and including, but not limited to, nonconforming signs. See § 119-73.
NONCONFORMING USE
A use, whether of land or of a structure, which does not comply with the applicable use provisions in this chapter, or amendments hereto, where such use legally existed prior to the enactment of this chapter, as amended. See § 119-73.
NURSERY, WHOLESALE
The growing, cultivation, storage, and sale of garden plants, flowers, trees, and shrubs to landscapers, developers, builders, and retail establishments.
NURSING HOME
See "personal care home."
OCCUPANCY
Any use of or activity upon a particular premises or holding real property by being in possession.
OFFICE
A use that involves administrative, clerical, financial, governmental or professional operations and operations of a similar character. This use shall include neither retail nor industrial uses but may include business offices, medical offices, laboratories, photographic studios and/or television or radio broadcasting studios.
OFFICE BUILDING
A building or part of a building used primarily for conducting the affairs of a business, profession, service, industry or government, or like activity. It may include ancillary services for office workers, such as a restaurant, coffee shop, newspaper or candy stand, and day-care facilities.
OFFICIAL MAP
The Chestnuthill Township Official Map, adopted by ordinance pursuant to Article IV of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Code, which shows lands reserved by the Township for easement or acquisition for public purposes.
OFFICIAL ZONING MAP
The Official Zoning Map of Chestnuthill Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
OFF-TRACK WAGERING FACILITY
A facility licensed pursuant to the provisions of the Racehorse Reform Act for the purpose of gaming authorized at a nonprimary location pursuant to the provisions of the Racehorse Reform Act. Considered a gaming establishment for regulation by this chapter.
OIL OR GAS WELL
A type of mineral extraction involving a bore hole drilled or being drilled for the purpose of or to be used for producing, extracting or injecting any gas, petroleum or other liquid related to oil or gas production or storage, including brine disposal, but excluding bore holes drilled to produce potable water to be used as such. The term "well" does not include a bore hole drilled or being drilled for the purpose of or to be used for systems of monitoring, producing or extracting gas from solid waste disposal facilities, as long as the wells are subject to the Act of July 7, 1980 (P.L. 380, No. 97), known as the "Solid Waste Management Act," and do not penetrate a workable coal seam.[7]
OPEN SPACE
An area that is intended to provide light and air, and is designed for environmental, scenic, recreational, resource protection, amenity and/or buffer purposes, and which contains no development improvements which are not specifically permitted by this chapter or the Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.[8]
OPEN SPACE, COMMON
Open space that is part of a particular conservation design subdivision development tract set aside for the use and enjoyment of residents of such development.
OPEN SPACE, CONSERVATION
Open space that is part of a particular conservation design subdivision development tract set aside for the protection of sensitive natural features, farmland, forest land, scenic views and other primary and secondary conservation areas and which is permanently restricted from further development except as permitted by this chapter and cannot be used as a basis for density for any other development. Conservation open space may be accessible to the residents of the development and/or the Township, or it may contain areas of farmland or forest land which are not accessible to project residents or the public.
OPEN SPACE, REQUIRED PUBLIC
Open space that is dedicated or reserved for the use of the general public in accord with the requirements of the Township Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.[9]
OUTDOOR ENTERTAINMENT
Any commercial activity or activity associated with a commercial use where concerts, theater arts, movies or any other type of entertainment is provided outside a fully enclosed building.
OWNER
An individual, firm, association, syndicate, partnership, or corporation having sufficient proprietary interest to submit an application for the development or use of land.
PA
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
PADEP or DEP
The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection.
PA DOT or PennDOT
The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation.
PAD-SITE BUILDING
A building that is intended for a single commercial use and that is physically separate from the other buildings on the site; typically used in the context of retail shopping center development, a building or building site that is physically separate from and smaller than the principal building and reserved for freestanding commercial uses. Typical pad-site uses include, by way of illustration only, freestanding restaurants, banks and service stations.
PARAPET
The portion of a wall that extends above the roofline.
PARCEL
See "lot."
PARENT TRACT
Any lot or parcel of property which was legally in existence and properly on file with the County Recorder of Deeds prior to the effective date of the original Township Zoning Ordinance and from which a lot or lots have been subdivided or are proposed for subdivision. (See "lot, existing of record.")
PARK-AND-RIDE FACILITY
A parking lot designed for drivers to leave their cars and share a ride with another driver or use mass transit facilities beginning, terminating, or stopping at or near the park-and-ride facility.
PARKING AREA
Any public or private area, under or outside of a building or structure, designed and used for parking motor vehicles, including parking lots, garages, private driveways, and legally designated areas of public streets. See "garage."
PARKING AREA, PRIVATE
A parking area for the exclusive use of the clients, customers or owners of the lot on which the parking area is located or whomever else they permit to use the parking area.
PARKING AREA, PUBLIC
A parking area available to the public, with or without payment of a fee.
PARKING SPACE, OFF-STREET
A temporary storage area for a motor vehicle that is directly accessible to an access aisle and that is not located on a dedicated street right-of-way.
PARKING SPACE, ON-STREET
A temporary storage area for a motor vehicle that is located on a public or private street right-of-way.
PATIO
An open recreational area or structure, constructed no higher than six inches from the ground level and resting directly on the ground. It may be attached to or detached from the principal building and may be constructed using wood, masonry, pavement, stone, or other material suitable for that purpose.
PERMANENT FOUNDATION
A permanent foundation which meets the requirements of the Uniform Construction Code.
PERMIT
A document issued by the proper authority documented on the required application which authorizes the applicant to undertake certain activities in compliance with all the applicable codes and ordinances.
A. 
Indicates that a proposed use, building or structure as documented in the development application will comply with the requirements of this chapter; issued by the Zoning Officer for principal permitted uses, accessory uses and signs following confirmation of compliance with applicable standards, for conditional uses following approval by the Board of Supervisors, and for special exceptions following approval by the Zoning Hearing Board.
B. 
Issued by the Building Code Official and indicates that a proposed construction, alteration, or reconstruction of a structure will comply with the Township construction code.
C. 
A document issued by the Township stating that a newly constructed or altered building, structure, and/or use complies with this chapter and/or the Uniform Construction Code and may be lawfully used.
PERSON
An individual, partnership, public or private association or corporation, firm, trust, estate, municipality, governmental unit, public utility or any other legal entity whatsoever which is recognized by law as the subject of rights and duties.
PERSONAL CARE HOME
A facility licensed by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the housing and intermediate or fully skilled nursing care of three or more persons needing such care because of old age or a physical illness or disability or a developmental disability.
PERSONAL SERVICE
See "service establishment."
PET
Domestic cats and domestic dogs, and other animals which are commonly kept primarily inside a dwelling unit for companionship or personal satisfaction (not for consumption or utilitarian use) such as parakeets, parrots and similar birds, ferrets, mice, guinea pigs, hamsters and similar rodents, nonpoisonous snakes, and fish. Pet does not include livestock, small animals and fowl, pot-bellied pigs and miniature horses.
PICNIC GROVE, PRIVATE
An area of open space and pavilions that is not publicly owned and is used for group picnics and related outdoor recreation, and which is used on a commercial basis. Considered a recreation facility, commercial for regulation by this chapter.
PIPELINE COMPRESSOR STATION, METERING STATION or OPERATION/MAINTENANCE FACILITIES
A facility at which a petroleum product passing through a pipeline is pressurized by a turbine, motor, or engine, the volume of flow is measured or permanent facilities are installed for pipeline operation/maintenance and which compress, decompress, process, heat, dehydrate, alter or transform the pipeline product. The facility may contain some type of liquid separator consisting of scrubbers and filters that capture any liquids or other undesirable particles from the pipeline. The definition also includes utility transfer stations which are owned, operated and maintained by the local natural gas utility and mark the point at which it assumes official control of the gas. The definition excludes pipeline valves, metering stations, pig launchers/receivers, and other components which are located within the pipeline right-of-way and do not compress, decompress, process, heat, alter or transform the pipeline product.
PLACE OF WORSHIP
Buildings, synagogues, churches, temples, cathedrals, chapels, religious retreats, monasteries, seminaries and shrines used primarily for religious and/or spiritual worship and that are operated by a tax-exempt organization qualifying under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code for nonprofit and noncommercial purposes, which people regularly attend to participate in or hold religious services, meetings or functions, or religious instruction, and which may include customary incidental accessory uses such as day-care centers, meeting and activity rooms, and recreation facilities.
PLANNING COMMISSION
The Planning Commission of Chestnuthill Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
PLAT or PLAT PLAN
A map or plan of a subdivision or land development, whether preliminary or final.
POND or LAKE
A natural or artificial body of water 0.25 acre or larger which retains water year-round. Artificial ponds may be created by dams or result from excavation.
PORCH
An attached, roofed accessory structure projecting from a wall of a building, which may be open or screened and with walls no higher than four feet above the floor level.
PORTICO
A porch or walkway with a roof supported by columns, often leading to the entrance of a building.
POWER PLANT
Any facility, including structures, machinery and associated equipment, which generates electric energy from another source of energy, such as nuclear reactions, hydroelectric dams, or natural gas or coal-fired plants, the primary purpose of which is the commercial sale of the energy which is generated. Power plants which produce electric energy, 75% or more of which is used on the site of production, shall be considered part of the principal permitted use for which the energy is used (excluding solar and wind energy).
PRIMARY RESOURCES
See "resources, primary."
PRIME AGRICULTURAL LAND
Land used for agricultural purposes that contains soils of the first, second or third class as defined by the United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, County Soil Survey.
PRINCIPAL BUILDING
A building in which the primary or predominate use of a lot is conducted, including any structure that is physically attached to the principal building.
PRINCIPAL ENTRANCE
The place of ingress and egress most frequently used by the public.
PRINCIPAL PERMITTED USE
A use allowed in a particular zoning district which is approved by the Zoning Officer provided the application complies with all requirements of this chapter.
PRINCIPAL ROAD
The road with the highest priority that is adjacent to the lot or site. Road priorities are as follows, from highest to lowest: arterial, collector, local access. If a lot is adjacent to more than one road of equally high priority, the principal road is the road with transit service. If the roads do not have transit service, the priority shall be designated by the owner.
PRINCIPAL STRUCTURE
The structure in which the principal use of a lot is conducted. Any structure that is physically attached to a principal structure shall be considered part of that principal structure.
PRINCIPAL USE
The primary or predominate use of a lot.
PROFESSIONAL OFFICE
The office of a member of a recognized profession, such as an accountant, architect, author, dentist, engineer, insurance agent, landscape architect, lawyer, minister, optometrist, planner, physician, or realtor.
PROPERTY OWNERS' ASSOCIATION
A nonprofit corporation organized by the developer or homeowners for the purpose of establishing an association of all property owners in a private development, the purposes of which shall include the ownership and maintenance of open space, common areas and all development improvements.
PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND USES
Any structure, building or use owned and operated by a government body or agency, including such things as public schools, parks, civic centers, and municipal buildings; but excluding solid waste disposal facilities, institutional uses, nursing homes, hospitals, and other uses specifically defined by this chapter.
PUBLIC HEARING
A formal meeting held pursuant to public notice by the Planning Commission or the Board of Supervisors, intended to inform and obtain public comment, prior to taking action in accord with Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code.[10]
PUBLIC MEETING
A forum held pursuant to notice under the act of July 3, 1986 (P.L. 388, No. 84), as amended, known as the "Sunshine Act."[11]
PUBLIC NOTICE
Notice published once each week for two consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the Township. Such notice shall state the time and place of the hearing and the particular nature of the matter to be considered at the hearing. The first publication shall not be more than 30 days and the second publication shall not be less than seven days from the date of the hearing.
PUBLIC UTILITY
Any agency or entity that, under public ownership, or under a certificate of convenience and necessity issued by the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, or by grant of authority by a governmental agency, provides the public with electricity, gas, heat, steam, communication, transportation, water, sewage collection, or other similar service.
RACETRACK
A road course, either oval, circuitous or straight, where motor vehicles, including, but not limited to, automobiles, trucks, go-carts, motorcycles, motor scooters, dune buggies and the like, are driven for recreation, testing or competition; or any course where animals are raced for competition.
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE
A vehicle primarily designed and utilized as temporary living quarters for recreational, camping or travel use, whether self-propelled or mounted on or drawn by another vehicle, and including travel trailers, recreational trailers, camping trailers, truck campers, motor homes and similar types of vehicles.
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE PARK
See "campground or recreational vehicle park."
RECREATION AREA
A private or public space associated with a residential development, including accessory structures, such as fences, backstops and bleachers, used for play and/or recreation by individuals.
RECREATION AREA, ACTIVE
A private or public space associated with a residential development, including accessory structures, such as fences, backstops and bleachers, and other equipment, used for play and/or recreation by individuals, and including, but not limited to, golf courses, basketball, volleyball and tennis courts, baseball, football and soccer fields, and playgrounds.
RECREATION AREA, PASSIVE
A private or public space associated with a residential development, not including any accessory structures used for active recreation by individuals, and including, but not limited to, trails, picnic areas, community gardens, and lawns.
RECREATION FACILITY, COMMERCIAL
Outdoor or indoor areas or structures, operated by private nonprofit or private commercial entities, open to the public, which may contain entertainment and amusement devices or attractions, including, but not limited to, picnic groves, tennis and racquetball courts, ski areas, miniature golf courses, golf driving ranges, and the like, but excluding golf courses, theaters, public parks and playgrounds and any other use specifically listed on the Table of Permitted Uses.
RECREATION FACILITY, PUBLIC
Parks, swimming pools, playgrounds, tennis courts, and other recreational facilities owned and operated by the Township, county, school district, state, or federal government. See "public buildings and uses."
RECYCLING FACILITY
A facility employing a technology that is a process that separates or classifies municipal waste (as defined by Pa. Code Title 25, § 271.1) and creates or recovers reusable materials that can be sold to or reused by a manufacturer as a substitute for or a supplement to virgin raw materials. The term does not include solid waste facilities, a resource-recovery facility, or a green box transfer station/recycling facility, as defined herein, or an accessory drop-off point or collection center for recycling.
REGIONAL COMPREHENSIVE PLAN
See "Comprehensive Plan."
REGIONAL PLANNING COMMITTEE
The Committee established by intergovernmental agreement in accord with the adopted Regional Comprehensive Plan.
REGIONAL USE
A specific land use which is permitted within the Planning Region consistent with the Regional Comprehensive Plan and specifically identified in § 119-27E(4).
RELIGIOUS QUARTERS
A dwelling associated with a place of worship in which reside individuals directly involved with the administration or function of a place of worship, including clergy and staff and immediate family members.
REPAIR
The reconstruction or renewal of any part of an existing building for the purpose of its maintenance. See also "addition" and "alteration."
REPAIR SERVICE
Shops for the repair of appliances, watches, guns, bicycles and other household items. Considered a service establishment for regulation by this chapter.
RESERVOIR SPACE
A parking place provided to accommodate a vehicle which is queued in a lane awaiting service in a drive-in facility such as a bank, fast-food restaurant or a car/truck wash.
RESIDENCY (or OCCUPANCY), LONG-TERM
Occupancy of a dwelling, generally for periods of 30 days or more, as opposed to temporary visits to bed-and-breakfast establishments, short-term rentals, motels, hotels, campgrounds and recreational vehicles, and which serves as the legal address for the occupant. It also includes any dwelling or structure where children who attend school reside.
[Amended 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-01]
RESIDENTIAL ACCESSORY STRUCTURE (includes BUILDING) OR USE
A use or structure that is clearly accessory, customary and incidental to a principal residential use on a lot, including the following uses and uses that are very similar in nature: garage (household), carport, tennis court, garage sale, basketball backboard, household swimming pool, gazebo, storage shed, greenhouse, children's playhouse or children's play equipment. It does not include any business conducted in a household garage or storage shed that is accessory to a dwelling, except as may be allowed as a home occupation.
RESIDENTIAL DISTRICT
The CR Conservation Residential, RR Rural Residential, R-S Special Residential, R-1 Low Density Residential, R-2 Medium Low Density Residential and R-3 Medium High Density Residential Zoning Districts.
RESIDENTIAL LOT LINES
The lot line of a lot that contains an existing primarily residential use or is undeveloped and zoned as a residential district.
RESORT
A business combining lodging, eating and recreational facilities for lodgers and/or nonlodgers as a single enterprise offered to the public at large or any segment thereof, not including bed-and-breakfast establishments, campgrounds, recreational vehicle parks or mobile home parks. Amenities may include conference centers, retail sales, spas, beauty salons, barbershops, restaurants, indoor and outdoor recreational facilities, health centers, day-care centers, facilities for commercial special events, and employee living quarters.
RESOURCE-RECOVERY FACILITY
A processing facility that provides for the extraction and utilization of materials or energy from municipal waste (as defined by Pa. Code Title 25, § 271.1).
A. 
The term includes a facility that mechanically extracts materials from municipal waste, a combustion facility that converts the organic fraction of municipal waste to usable energy and a chemical and biological process that converts municipal waste into a fuel product.
B. 
The term includes a facility for the combustion of municipal waste that is generated off site, whether or not the facility is operated to recover energy.
C. 
The term includes land affected during the lifetime of operations, including, but not limited to, areas where processing activities actually occur, support facilities, borrow areas, offices, equipment sheds, air- and water-pollution control and treatment systems, access roads, associated on-site or contiguous collection, transportation and storage facilities, closure and post-closure care and maintenance activities and other activities in which the natural land surface has been disturbed as a result of or incidental to operation of the facility.
D. 
The term does not include:
(1) 
A composting facility, as defined herein.
(2) 
Methane gas extraction from a municipal waste landfill.
(3) 
A recycling facility, as defined herein, an accessory drop-off point or collection center for recycling, or a source separation or collection center for composting leaf waste.
RESOURCES, PRIMARY
Natural features consisting of one-hundred-year floodplain (including the floodway), wetlands and prohibitive steep slopes (greater than 25%). In conservation subdivisions, all conserved lands containing primary resources are called "primary conservation areas."
RESOURCES, SECONDARY
Natural or cultural features outside primary conservation areas that are worthy of conservation by inclusion in conservation open space. See the prioritized list of such features in the Subdivision and Land Development Ordinance.[12] Lands containing secondary resources that are conserved are called "secondary conservation areas."
RESTAURANT
An establishment where food and drink are prepared, served, and consumed, mostly within the principal building, which may include limited forms of musical entertainment to accompany the dining experience; however, restaurants that provide dancing and stage shows shall be considered a nightclub.
RESTAURANT, OUTDOOR
Any part of a food establishment located outdoors, not used for any other purposes, and open to the sky, with the exception that it may have a retractable awning or umbrellas, and may contain furniture, including tables, chairs, railings, and planters that are readily movable.
RESTAURANT, TAKE-OUT
An establishment where food and/or beverages are sold in a form ready for consumption, where all or a significant part of the consumption takes place outside the confines of the restaurant, and where ordering and pickup of food may take place from a vehicle.
RETAIL BUSINESS
An establishment engaged in selling goods or merchandise to the general public for personal or household consumption and rendering services incidental to the sale of such goods.
RETAIL HOME HEATING FUEL DISTRIBUTORS
An establishment that delivers kerosene, home heating oil, and propane to individual dwellings or commercial establishments for use on that premises and not for resale, and where the storage of fuel on the site of the retail home heating fuel distributor does not exceed a combined total of 20,000 gallons. Any such establishment where the storage of fuel on the site exceeds a combined total of 20,000 gallons shall be considered a bulk fuel storage facility.
[Amended 4-23-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-04]
RETAINING WALL
A solid or integrated vertical structure in excess of four feet in height designed for the separation or retention of varying ground levels.
RETIREMENT COMMUNITY
A residential development consisting of living units exclusively serving older persons. Such a development may include facilities for health, disability or convalescent care, ancillary support services and community services to service persons of retirement age in the surrounding area. At least one resident of each household shall be at least 55 years of age or be the surviving spouse of a deceased resident who was at least 55 years of age. In addition, the care of persons with disabilities shall be permitted in assisted living facilities.
RIGHT-OF-WAY
Land reserved for use as an access, street, drainage facility or other private, public or community use.
ROAD
See "street."
ROOF
The outside top covering of a building.
 dia_0019.tif
ROOMING HOUSE
See "boardinghouse."
SAMPLE HOME
An unoccupied single-family dwelling associated with a principal permitted commercial use and not intended for permanent occupancy, and used solely for demonstration purposes to inform potential purchasers of the types of homes available from the seller. (See also "model home.") The display and sale of such homes is considered a retail business for regulation by this chapter.
SATELLITE DISH ANTENNA or SATELLITE ANTENNA
Apparatus designed for transmitting radio energy to satellites or receiving it from satellites, and including any attached mountings or brackets.
SAWMILL
A commercial operation where timber is sawed into boards. This does not include a portable sawmill operating temporarily as an accessory to a timber harvest.
SCHOOL, PUBLIC OR PRIVATE PRIMARY OR SECONDARY SCHOOL
An educational institution that primarily provides state-required or largely state-funded educational programs. This term shall not include trade schools.
SCREENED
Visibly shielded or obscured from any adjoining or neighboring property, any public or private road right-of-way, or any other premises which is accomplished by topography, fencing, berms, natural and planted vegetation or other means approved by the Township.
SCREENING
A method of visually shielding or obscuring a structure or use from another by topography, fencing, walls, berms, planted vegetation or a combination of these methods.
SECONDARY RESOURCES
See "resources, secondary."
SELF-STORAGE FACILITY
A building or group of buildings containing separate, individual, and private storage spaces of varying sizes available for lease or rent for varying periods of time.
SEMIPUBLIC BUILDING OR USE
A building or use operated by nonprofit, community-based organizations for the general use of Township residents, including emergency services buildings, libraries and the like, but excluding institutional uses such as nursing homes, hospitals, sanitariums and clinics. It shall also include essential services and public utilities that require enclosure within any structure or building.
SENIOR ACTIVE-ADULT RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT
A senior active-adult residential development (the development) is defined as a residential development with the following characteristics:
A. 
Occupancy of each dwelling shall be restricted to individuals 62 years of age or older; subject, however, to the applicable rules and regulations of the Pennsylvania Housing Finance Agency (PHFA).
B. 
Established and maintained in compliance with the Housing for Older Persons Act of 1995, 42 U.S.C. §§ 3601-3619 (the "Older Persons Act").
C. 
Designed to accommodate the social and passive recreational needs of the residents.
D. 
Dwelling units in the development shall be leased in accord with the rules and regulations of the PHFA.
E. 
Each senior active-adult residential development dwelling unit shall be designed to be occupied in accord with the rules and regulations of the PHFA. Each dwelling unit shall contain, at a minimum, all of the following elements:
(1) 
A kitchen equipped with at least a sink, storage facilities, a stove or range, and a refrigerator;
(2) 
A bathroom equipped with a toilet, either a bathtub equipped with a shower or a stall shower, and a sink;
(3) 
A living area, dining area, kitchen and at least one bedroom.
F. 
The density, minimum lot sizes, minimum setbacks, minimum lot width, and other bulk standards shall conform to the VC District standards, except as follows:
(1) 
The maximum density permitted shall be 15 dwelling units per adjusted tract acre.
(2) 
The minimum lot size shall be at least two acres of adjusted tract acreage [see § 119-38D(4)], which acreage may be in more than one political subdivision.
(3) 
A senior active-adult residential development shall contain passive and/or active recreational or common areas suitable for the residents of the development, which recreational areas may be in a combination of exterior and interior areas, which aggregate a minimum of 10% of the total site area. The recreational and/or common areas shall be for the common use of the residents of the development.
(4) 
Each multifamily senior housing unit shall have one off-street parking space per dwelling unit.
G. 
Where a development is proposed as an affordable senior active-adult housing project under the rules and regulations of the PHFA Federal Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Program, the owner or developer of the development shall pay, in lieu of any then-applicable recreational fee due the Township under the provisions of any Township ordinance, a fair-share contribution to the Township of $200 per year per unit for five consecutive years commencing with the occupancy of the first unit. Developments which do not qualify for the PHFA Federal Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Program shall pay the recreational fees otherwise due under the provisions of this chapter or any other applicable ordinance of this Township.
SERVICE ESTABLISHMENT
An establishment engaged in providing services involving the care of a person or a person's goods or apparel, such as cleaning and garment services, beauty and barber shops, shoe repair, dry-cleaning and laundries, photographic studios, etc., and which is not otherwise listed as a use in the Table of Permitted Uses.
SETBACK, FRONT
The required minimum open space extending the full width of the lot between the principal structure(s) and accessory structure(s) and the front lot line. See also "yard" and "lot line."
SETBACK, REAR
The required minimum open space extending the full width of the lot between the principal structure(s) and accessory structure(s) and the rear lot line. See also "yard" and "lot line."
SETBACK, REQUIRED
The required minimum open space between the principal structure(s) and accessory structure(s) and the nearest lot line or right-of-way as provided by this chapter. See also "yard" and "lot line." (See illustrations which follow.)
 dia_0020.tif
 dia_0021.tif
SETBACK, SIDE
The required minimum open space extending from the front setback to the rear setback between the principal structure(s) and accessory structure(s) and the side lot line. See also "yard" and "lot line."
SEVER
As used in reference to transferable development rights, the division or separation of development rights from the total bundle of rights associated with a parcel of land in accord with the provisions of § 119-34 of this chapter.
SEWAGE DISPOSAL, CENTRAL LAND DISPOSAL OF SEWAGE EFFLUENT
A central sewage disposal system approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) where domestic sewage effluent is applied to the land in accord with DEP regulations, and which includes an appropriate mechanism to ensure long-term professional operation and maintenance of the system, which could include public sewage disposal. Such systems may include a central system using drip irrigation, spray irrigation, disposal beds, or other method approved by DEP.
SEWAGE DISPOSAL, CENTRAL, OFF-SITE OR COMMUNITY
A sanitary sewage collection system in which sewage is carried from individual lots or dwelling units by a system of pipes to a central treatment and disposal system or sewage treatment plant which may be publicly or privately owned and operated. A system designed to serve a two-family dwelling or two dwelling units located on the same property or adjacent properties shall not be considered as off-site sewage.
SEWAGE DISPOSAL, ON-SITE
A single system of piping, tanks or other facilities serving only a single lot and disposing of sewage in whole or in part into the soil on that lot or as may be permitted on common open space in a conservation subdivision design development. A system designed to serve a two-family dwelling or two dwelling units located on the same property or adjacent properties shall be considered on-site sewage disposal, and all development standards will apply the same for each dwelling or unit as any single-family unit.
SEWAGE ENFORCEMENT OFFICER (SEO)
The Township official certified by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection who reviews permit applications and sewage facilities planning modules, issues permits as authorized by the Pennsylvania Sewage Facilities Act, as amended, and conducts investigations and inspections that are necessary to implement the Act and its regulations.[13]
SHED
A detached accessory structure used for the storage of tools, minor equipment, and materials, but too small for the storage of an automobile.
SHOOTING PRESERVE
Any area of land which is used for hunting of animals where a fee or other consideration is charged.
SHOOTING RANGE, INDOOR
Any fully enclosed building used for the discharge of any firearm for recreational or training purposes which is a commercial operation, or which is operated by any government entity, private nonprofit entity, or any sportsman's, recreation or fraternal club or association.
SHOOTING RANGE, OUTDOOR COMMERCIAL
Any area not within a fully enclosed building used for the discharge of any firearm for recreational or training purposes which is a commercial operation, or which is operated by any government entity, private nonprofit entity, or any sportsman's, recreation or fraternal club or association.
SHOPPING CENTER or MALL
A group of independent (i.e., not dependent on each other for operation) commercial establishments occupying spaces separated by walls which are planned, constructed and managed as a total entity, with customer and employee parking provided on site, provision for goods delivery separated from customer access, aesthetic considerations, landscaping, and signs.
SHORT-TERM RENTAL
Granting or allowing the occupancy or possession, in whole or in part, of a dwelling unit for a transient use, for compensation or remuneration of any kind. This definition applies to all types of dwelling units, including (but not limited to) single-family, two-family and multifamily dwelling units, whether or not otherwise primarily used as permanent residences or seasonal or vacation homes.
[Added 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-01]
SIGN
Any physical device for visual communication that is used for the purpose of attracting attention from the public and that is visible from beyond an exterior lot line, including all symbols, words, models, displays, banners, flags, devices or representations. See definitions of types of signs in § 119-57. This shall not include displays that only involve symbols that are clearly and entirely religious in nature and which do not include advertising.
SIGN AREA
See § 119-57.
SIGN, OFF-PREMISES
A sign which directs attention to an object, product, service, place, activity, person, institution, organization, or business that is primarily offered or located at a location other than the lot upon which the sign is located.
SLAUGHTERHOUSE
An agricultural products processing use involving the killing of animals for the production of food or some other commercial product. A commercial stockyard or similar facility that primarily involves the bulk storage or transferring of animals on the way to slaughter shall also be considered a slaughterhouse. Considered agricultural products processing for regulation by this chapter. Slaughterhouse does not include a custom butcher shop that does not involve killing of animals, which is considered a retail business.
SMALL ANIMALS AND FOWL
Rabbits, bees, insects, chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, pheasants, pigeons and any other similar animals.
SOLAR COLLECTOR
A device or combination of devices, structure, or part of a device or structure that transforms direct solar energy into thermal, chemical, or electrical energy.
SOLAR COLLECTOR, ACCESSORY
A device, combination of devices, structures, or part of a device or structure that transforms direct solar energy into thermal, chemical, or electrical energy which is sized and intended to be used to generate electricity for the principal structure to which it is accessory.
SOLAR ENERGY STORAGE FACILITY
Equipment consisting of containers, heat exchangers, piping, and other transfer mechanisms (including fluids, gases, or solids), controls, and related structural support for transporting and storing collected energy (from solar energy systems), including structural elements designed for use in passive solar energy systems.
SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM
A complete design or assembly consisting of a solar energy collector, an energy storage facility (where used), and components for the distribution of transformed energy.
SOLAR POWER GENERATION, COMMERCIAL
A facility where one or more solar collectors and/or other accessory structures and buildings, including substations, meteorological towers, electrical infrastructure, transmission lines and other appurtenant structures and facilities, are located and are used for the generation of electricity which is sold on the open market.
SOLID WASTE
Waste, including, but not limited to, municipal, residual, construction/demolition or hazardous wastes (as defined by Pa. Code, Title 25, § 271.1), including solid, liquid, semisolid or contained gaseous materials.
SOLID WASTE FACILITY
Any facility or operation, other than a solid waste landfill, involving the management, processing and/or disposal of solid waste, including, but not limited to, solid waste transfer facilities, solid waste staging areas and solid waste incinerators. The term does not include a composting facility or a recycling facility, as defined herein, or an accessory drop-off point or collection center for recycling.
[Amended 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-01]
SOLID WASTE LANDFILL
A facility using land for disposing of solid waste. The facility includes land affected during the lifetime of operations, including, but not limited to, areas where disposal or processing activities actually occur, support facilities, borrow areas, offices, equipment sheds, air- and water-pollution control and treatment systems, access roads, associated onsite and contiguous collection, transportation and storage facilities, closure and post-closure care and maintenance activities and other activities in which the natural land surface has been disturbed as a result of or incidental to operation of the facility. The term does not include a facility for the land application of sewage sludge.
SOLID WASTE STAGING AREA
Any area where vehicles or containers which contain or have contained solid waste are parked or located. Considered a solid waste facility for regulation by this chapter.
[Added 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-01]
SOLID WASTE TRANSFER FACILITY
A type of solid waste facility which receives and processes or temporarily stores solid waste at a location other than the generation site, and which facilitates the transportation or transfer of the waste to a processing or disposal facility. The term does not include a composting facility, a green box transfer station/recycling facility, a recycling facility, or a resource-recovery facility, as defined herein, or an accessory drop-off point or collection center for recycling.
SOUND LEVEL
The intensity, in decibels, measured by a sound-level meter satisfying the requirements of American National Standards Institute Specification for Sound-Level Meters S1.4-1971. Sound level is the frequency-weighted sound-pressure level obtained with the standardized dynamic characteristic "fast" or "slow" and weighting A, B or C; unless indicated otherwise, the A-weighting is understood. The unit of any sound level is the decibel, having the unit symbol "dB."
SOUND LEVEL, EQUIVALENT
The level of a constant sound which, over a given time interval and situation, has the same sound energy as a time-varying sound.
SPECIAL EXCEPTION
A use in a particular zoning district to be allowed or denied by the Zoning Hearing Board pursuant to public notice and hearing and recommendation of the Township Planning Commission as authorized by Section 603(c)(1) of the Municipalities Planning Code.[14] See § 119-17.
SPECIMEN TREE
A unique, rare, or otherwise specifically selected plant or tree considered worthy of conservation by the Township because of its species, size, age, shape, form, historical importance, or any other significant characteristic, including listing as a "species of special concern" by the State of Pennsylvania, particularly as applied to trees over 20 inches dbh.
STABLE, COMMERCIAL
A structure or land where horses are kept for remuneration, hire, sale, boarding, training, riding or show, and which includes the commercial hire of horses to the general public for riding or other purposes.
STABLE, PRIVATE
An accessory structure or use of land where horses are kept for the sole use of the residents of the principal structure, and which includes no remuneration, hire, boarding or other commercial use.
STATE
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and its agencies.
STORAGE CONTAINER
A receptacle, such as a wooden or metal box or a trailer of a tractor trailer with wheels removed, in which raw materials, products or other items are stored.
STORAGE YARD FOR FOREST PRODUCTS AND MINERALS
An area, not on the same parcel where the products are initially harvested or gathered, to which trees, forest products, flagstone, landscaping stone, wall stone or other minerals are hauled and stored, and which does not involve any land development, the operation of a sawmill, the operation of any other wood manufacturing business, or the operation of any natural resources processing.
STREAM
A natural watercourse. See "watercourse."
STREET
A public or private thoroughfare which affords the principal means of access to abutting property, including avenue, place, way, drive, lane, boulevard, highway, road and any other thoroughfare except an alley. Public rights-of-way shall be those open to the general use of the public, not necessarily publicly dedicated.
STREET CLASSIFICATION (EXISTING STREETS)
Based primarily upon the Comprehensive Plan, the following classifications shall apply for existing streets:
A. 
U.S. Route 209, Pennsylvania Route 115, State Route 3017 (old Route 115 south of U.S. Route 209).
B. 
Jonas Road, Sugar Hollow Road, Merwinsburg Road, Pennsylvania Route 715, Effort-Neola Road, Gilbert Road, and Weir Lake Road.
C. 
All other existing streets shall be considered local streets for the purposes of this chapter. This classification is not intended to distinguish public versus private streets.
STREET CLASSIFICATION (PROPOSED STREETS)
See § 98-19.
STREET-FACING FACADE
A wall of a building that is within 60° of parallel to a street lot line, and is not behind another wall, as determined by measuring perpendicular to the street lot line. The length of a street-facing facade is measured parallel to the street lot line.
STRUCTURAL ALTERATION
See "alteration."
STRUCTURE
Any man-made object having an ascertainable stationary location on or in land or water, whether or not affixed to the land. Any structure shall be subject to the principal or accessory setbacks of this chapter, as applicable, unless specifically exempted or unless a specific setback is established for that particular type of structure by this chapter. For the purposes of this chapter, wells and septic systems shall not be considered structures and shall not be subject to minimum zoning setback requirements.
STRUCTURE, PERMANENT
Anything constructed, the use of which requires permanent location on the ground or attachment to something having a permanent location on the ground.
STRUCTURE, PORTABLE
Anything constructed that is not permanently affixed to the ground but is designed to be moved from place to place.
SUBDIVISION
The division or redivision of a lot, tract, or parcel of land by any means into two or more lots, tracts, parcels or other divisions of land, including changes in existing lot lines for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of lease, partition by the court for distribution to heirs or devisees, transfer of ownership or building or lot development; provided however, that the subdivision by lease of land for agricultural purposes into parcels of more than 10 acres, not involving any new street or easement of access or any residential dwelling, shall be exempted. (See Chapter 98, Subdivision and Land Development, for details.)
SUBDIVISION ORDINANCE or SUBDIVISION AND LAND DEVELOPMENT ORDINANCE
Chapter 98, Subdivision and Land Development, as amended.
SUPERVISORS
The Board of Supervisors of Chestnuthill Township.
SWIMMING POOL
A body of water or receptacle for water having a depth at any point greater than two feet, which is used or intended to be used for swimming or bathing and constructed or maintained in or above the ground.
TATTOO, BODY PIERCING, SCARIFYING OR BRANDING PARLOR
An establishment engaged in any of the following: (Considered a service establishment for regulation by this chapter.)
A. 
The perforation or cutting of any human body part or tissue and the placement of a foreign object in the perforation to prevent the perforation from closing, but not including the use of mechanized, presterilized ear-piercing system that penetrates the outer perimeter or lobe of the ear.
B. 
The placement of indelible pigment, inks, or scarification beneath the skin by use of needles for the purpose of adornment or art. This does not include the practice of permanent makeup and micropigmentation when such procedures are performed as incidental services in a medical office or in a personal services establishment such as a hair or nail salon.
C. 
The cutting or tearing of human skin for the purpose of creating a permanent mark or design on the skin.
D. 
The use of heat, cold, or any chemical compound to imprint permanent markings on human skin by any means other than tattooing.
TAVERN
A place where alcoholic beverages are served as a primary or substantial portion of the total trade and where the sale of food may also occur. Considered a restaurant for regulation by this chapter.
TEMPORARY CONSTRUCTION BUILDING
A building erected on a lot for temporary use in conjunction with construction on that lot.
TEXTURE
The visual and tactile quality of a surface apart from its color and form. A building texture refers to the variations in exterior facade and may be described in terms of roughness of the surface material, the patterns inherent in the material or the patterns in which the material is placed.
THEATER
A building or part of a building devoted to the showing of motion pictures or theatrical or performing arts productions as a principal use where patrons are seated in the building, but not including an adult movie theater.
THEATER, DRIVE-IN
An area of land which may include accessory uses such as the sale of snacks and which is devoted to the showing of motion pictures which are viewed by persons in vehicles.
TIRE STORAGE, BULK
The storage of more than 150 used tires on a lot. See "outdoor storage" in § 119-41.
TOWNSHIP
The Township of Chestnuthill, Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
TOWNSHIP BUILDINGS AND USES
Any building, structure, service or use under the jurisdiction of Chestnuthill Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
TOWNSHIP ENGINEER
A professional engineer licensed as such in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, duly appointed as the Engineer for Chestnuthill Township.
TRACT
See "lot."
TRACT AREA, ADJUSTED (ATA)
The tract area remaining when the specified constrained land has been deducted from the gross tract acreage. ATA is used to calculate both density and open space.
TRACT AREA, GROSS
See "lot area, gross."
[Amended 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-01]
TRADE SCHOOL
A facility that is primarily intended for education of a work-related skill or craft or a hobby and that does not primarily provide state-required education to persons under age 16.
TRADESPERSON
A person involved with building trades, such as, but not limited to, plumbing, electrical work, building construction, building remodeling, and roofing.
TRANSFERABLE DEVELOPMENT RIGHTS
The attaching of development rights to specified lands which are desired by the Township to be kept undeveloped, but permitting those rights to be transferred from those lands so that the development potential which they represent may occur on other lands where more-intensive development is deemed to be appropriate. See § 119-34.
 dia_0022.tif
TRANSIENT USE
Occupancy, use or possession of a dwelling unit by persons other than the owner(s) or tenant(s) with a lease for 30 consecutive days or more, of that dwelling unit, and/or the family of such owner(s) or tenants, for a period of less than 30 consecutive days; but excluding temporary stays by unrelated individuals who are guests of such owners/tenants or the family of such owners/tenants, without the payment of any type of compensation or other remuneration.
[Added 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-01]
TRAVEL PLAZA
Any building, premises, or land in which or upon which a business or service involving the maintenance, servicing, storage, or repair of automobiles, trucks, recreational and other vehicles is conducted or rendered as a service to travelers, including the dispensing of motor fuel or other petroleum products directly into motor vehicles and the sale of accessories or equipment for trucks and similar commercial vehicles, and which may include overnight accommodations and restaurant facilities.
TRIP
A single or one-way motor vehicle movement either to or from a subject property or study area.
 dia_0023.tif
TRIP DISTRIBUTION
The measure of the number of vehicles or passenger movements that are or will be made between geographic areas.
TRIP ENDS
The total of single or one-direction vehicle movements entering and leaving a specified land use or site over a designated period of time.
TRIP GENERATION
The total number of vehicle trip ends produced by a specific land use or activity.
TRUCK STOP
See "travel plaza."
TRUCK TERMINAL
See "distribution center/truck terminal."
TRUCK WASH
Any building or premises or portions thereof used for commercial purposes for washing any vehicle with more than two axles, or more than four tires, or with a trailer.
UNREGISTERED VEHICLE
Any motor vehicle or trailer that does not display a license plate with a current registration sticker and does not have a valid state safety inspection sticker. This term shall not apply to vehicles (such as licensed antique cars) for which state regulations do not require an inspection sticker. The term also shall not include motor vehicles displaying a license and inspection stickers that have each expired less than 90 days previously. See also "abandoned or junk vehicle."
USE
The specific purpose for which land or a building is designed, arranged, intended, or for which land is or may be occupied or maintained.
UTILITY, PUBLIC
See "public utility."
VACATION RENTAL
See "short-term rental."
[Added 7-16-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-01]
VARIANCE
Relief granted pursuant to the provisions of this chapter and Articles VI and IX of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code. See § 119-12.
VEHICLE
Any device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a public highway or upon any land, including, but not limited to, automobiles, trucks, vans, buses, utility trailers, tractors, truck tractors, recreational vehicles, motor homes, travel trailers, motorcycles, snowmobiles, machinery, trailers, farm machinery and implements, and other wheeled equipment; boats; and aircraft.
VEHICLE AND EQUIPMENT RENTAL OPERATION
An establishment which rents vehicles and/or equipment to the general public, and which may or may not include the repair of the vehicles and equipment which is for rent. Equipment rental operations conducted entirely within an enclosed building shall be considered a retail business for regulation by this chapter.
VEHICLE AND EQUIPMENT REPAIR OPERATION
An establishment engaged in the service and/or repair of any motor vehicle as its principal use, including, but not limited to, auto body shops, repair garages, truck repair garages and agriculture equipment repair.
VEHICLE AND EQUIPMENT SALES OPERATION
The use of any building, land area or other premises for the display and sale of new and used automobiles of operable condition; panel trucks or vans; mobile homes or trailers; manufactured homes; recreation vehicles; or farm or construction equipment; or other vehicles, including any warranty repair work and other repair service as an accessory use. No business or facility which generates less than 50% of its gross sales from the actual sale of new or used vehicles or equipment of the type herein described (excluding parts and repairs) shall be considered a vehicle and equipment sales operation.
VERNAL POOL
An isolated, contained depression that holds water for at least two months in the spring or summer, critical to several amphibian, reptile and invertebrate species, which also provides important storage for stormwater runoff and spring snow melt that would otherwise contribute to downstream flooding.
VETERINARY CLINIC
A place where animals or pets are given medical or surgical treatment and the keeping of animals is limited to short-term care incidental to the clinic use, and no outdoor kennels, pens or paddocks are on the premises.
VETERINARY CLINIC, OUTDOOR FACILITIES
A place where animals or pets are given medical or surgical treatment and the keeping of animals is limited to short-term care incidental to the clinic use, with outdoor kennels, pens or paddocks on the premises.
VT
Visible transmittance.
WALL
See "fence or wall."
WAREHOUSE
A building or group of buildings primarily used for the indoor storage, transfer and distribution of products and materials, but not including retail sales or a truck terminal.
WATER BODY
Any natural or man-made freshwater pond, lake or stream. This shall not include any pond or facility designed and constructed solely to contain stormwater.
WATERCOURSE
Any channel of conveyance of surface water having a defined bed and banks, whether natural or artificial, with perennial, intermittent or seasonal flow.
WATER EXTRACTION/BOTTLING
Any use which involves the pumping or removal of water from groundwater sources, with or without bottling, for retail or wholesale sale. Considered industry for the purposes of regulation by this chapter.
WATER SUPPLY, CENTRAL, OFF-SITE OR COMMUNITY
A drinking water supply system in which drinking water is carried to individual lots or dwelling units by a system of pipes from a central source not located on any of the served lots and which may be publicly or privately owned and operated.
WATER SUPPLY, INDIVIDUAL SYSTEM ON CONSERVATION LAND
A system for supplying and transmitting drinking water to a single dwelling or other use from a source located on adjacent conservation land via a use and access easement.
WATER SUPPLY, ON-SITE
A system for supplying and transmitting drinking water to a single dwelling or other use from a source located on the same lot.
WATER WITHDRAWAL FACILITY
A facility, immediately adjacent to a water body or stream, that typically contains a submerged suction line, pumps, water main, multiple hydrants, truck loading and staging area, and water storage tanks, and which stores water on a temporary basis that is intended to be transported by vehicle to another site.
WETLAND
Those areas that are inundated or saturated by surface water or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions, including swamps, marshes, bogs, fens, and similar areas, and which are defined as such by the Federal Manual for Identifying and Delineating Jurisdictional Wetlands.
WHOLESALE BUSINESS
Establishments or places of business with no onsite manufacturing, primarily engaged in selling merchandise to retailers; to industrial, commercial, institutional, or professional business users, or to other wholesalers; or acting as agents or brokers and buying merchandise for, or selling merchandise to, such individuals or companies.
WILD OR EXOTIC ANIMAL
Any species of animal whose natural or usual habitat within Pennsylvania is either in the wild or in a zoo, as opposed to a domesticated environment, regardless of whether such animal poses an actual or apparent threat to persons, other animals or property.
WIND ENERGY FACILITY, COMMERCIAL
A facility where one or more wind turbines and other accessory structures and buildings, including substations, meteorological towers, electrical infrastructure, transmission lines and other appurtenant structures and facilities, are located and are used for the generation of electricity which is used onsite for commercial purposes or which is sold on the open market. A wind turbine accessory to a principal structure which is sized and intended to be used to generate electricity primarily for the principal structure to which it is accessory shall not be considered a wind energy facility, commercial.
WIND ROTOR
The propeller or blades, plus the hub to which the propeller or blades are attached, that are used to capture wind for the purpose of energy conversion. The wind rotor is mounted on a pole, tower or other structural support system along with other generating, electrical and accessory equipment to form a wind energy conversion system.
WIND TURBINE GENERATOR, ACCESSORY
A wind energy conversion system that converts wind energy into electricity through the use of a wind turbine generator, and includes the nacelle, rotor, tower, and pad transformer, if any, and which is sized and intended to be used to generate electricity primarily for the principal structure to which it is accessory.
WINERY
An establishment with facilities for fermenting and bottling wine which does not meet the definition of a "winery, farm." Considered agricultural products processing for regulation by this chapter.
WINERY, FARM
An establishment located on a farm with a producing vineyard, orchard, or similar growing area and producing wine on the premises from grapes or other fruit grown primarily on the premises. It may include tasting of wine produced on the premises and retail sales of wine-related items and gifts, books, souvenirs, specialty items relating to history, original and handmade arts and products, collectibles, crafts, and floral arrangements.
WOOD-CHIPPING OPERATION
The importing of trees or other wood from any property to any other property for producing wood chips. This may include the storage of the cut trees and wood chips, and customers on the site to purchase wood chips, but no other retail sales. This shall not include the cutting by a property owner of trees growing on his property for wood chip production or the temporary production of wood chips accessory to a timber harvest. Considered agricultural products processing for regulation by this chapter.
YARD
The area between the principal structure(s) and the adjoining lot line or right-of-way. (See also "setback.")
YARD, LAWN, GARAGE, TAG OR ESTATE SALE
A sale, open to the public, of new, used or previously owned personal property, including, but not limited to, goods, wares, merchandise and clothing, held on vacant property or on the lawn, yard, porch, patio or in the garage or residence, or in the principal building or outbuilding, of the person who is conducting the sale. The buying and selling of new or used items or surplus material shall be considered a commercial operation and shall be prohibited, except as otherwise permitted and regulated by this chapter. See § 119-41.
ZONING HEARING BOARD
The Zoning Hearing Board of Chestnuthill Township.
ZONING MAP
The Official Zoning Map of Chestnuthill Township.
ZONING OFFICER
The administrative officer charged with the duty of enforcing the provisions of this chapter.
ZONING ORDINANCE
The Chestnuthill Township Zoning Ordinance, as amended.
ZONING PERMIT
See "permit."
ZOO
A collection of animals which are maintained in a park by an educational, nonprofit or governmental entity.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10603.
[2]
Editor's Note: The former definition of "detached structure," which immediately followed this definition, was repealed 4-23-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-04.
[3]
Editor's Note: The former definition of "frontage" which immediately followed this definition, was repealed 4-23-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-04.
[4]
Editor’s Note: See “lot, reverse-frontage” for the flag lot diagram.
[5]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq.
[6]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10107.
[7]
Editor's Note: See 35 P.S. § 6018.101 et seq.
[8]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 98, Subdivision and Land Development.
[9]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 98, Subdivision and Land Development.
[10]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq.
[11]
Editor's Note: See 65 Pa. C.S.A. § 701 et seq.
[12]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 98, § 98-76B(2), Priorities for conservation open space.
[13]
Editor's Note: See 35 P.S. § 750.1 et seq.
[14]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10603.