Borough of Haddon Heights, NJ
Camden County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
Landscape transition areas or buffers shall be provided along any lot and street line of any lot in all zones except R-1 through R-6 where such line or the center line of the adjacent street coincides with a residence zone boundary. Yard requirements may be deemed to be included as part of the landscape transition buffer.
(1) 
The Planning Board may waive the landscape transition area requirement where existing natural or man-made physical barriers provide an effective visual separation between residential and nonresidential uses.
(2) 
Each permitted use shall provide suitable buffers in order to protect the character and to minimize any adverse impacts or nuisances on adjoining properties. Buffers shall be located around the perimeter of the site to minimize glare from headlights of vehicles, to minimize noise, to shield light from structures, to shield the movement of people and vehicles from adjacent property and to shield activities from adjacent properties. Buffers are fences, walls, landscaping, berms and mounds used to minimize any adverse impacts or nuisances on the site from adjacent areas. The applicant shall incorporate into its landscaping plan submitted with the site plan a buffer design plan which shall incorporate the following principles:
(a) 
Buffers shall be located along property lines shielding various uses and activities from each other to be consistent with the Fence Ordinance.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See § 450-96, Fences and walls.
(b) 
Buffer areas shall consist of lawn areas and massed evergreen and deciduous trees and shrubs planted in a manner that will provide a continuous visual screen throughout the entire year.
(c) 
Evergreen and deciduous shrubs shall have a minimum height of three feet when planted and shall be of varieties as suggested herein.
(d) 
The height of shrubs planted in a buffer area shall be measured from the ground level around the base of shrub to the topmost part of the shrub once the shrub has been properly planted in the ground.
(e) 
Where an area required for a buffer is already wooded, it shall be left in its natural state, and existing growth shall be supplemented with additional plant material where necessary to bring the buffer area up to the minimum requirements of this section.
(f) 
In nonresidential zones, all parking areas, garbage collection areas or loading areas exclusive of ingress and egress drive shall be screened from adjacent properties by a buffer strip at least five feet in width.
(g) 
Fences or walls as buffers shall complement the structural type, design and color of the principal building.
(3) 
The plant materials, fences or walls used for screening purposes shall be sufficient to screen an area at all seasons of the year from the view of persons standing at an elevation approximately equal to that of the area to be screened on adjacent streets or properties.
(4) 
Any article or material stored outside an enclosed building as an incidental part of the primary operation on a lot shall be screened as provided hereinafter by fencing, walls or evergreen planting.
(5) 
Where the Planning Board or Zoning Board deems it necessary to assure an effective visual screen between nonresidential uses and streets or residentially zoned properties, such Board may require, in addition to landscaping, the provision of a fence of a type, height and design suitable for the purpose, provided that the height of such fence or screening shall not exceed four feet.
B. 
Other provisions of this chapter notwithstanding, the entire lot, except for areas covered by buildings or surfaced as parking, recreation or service areas, shall be seeded, sodded or planted with ground cover and suitably landscaped in accordance with an overall landscape plan. All landscaping shall be consistent with the natural surroundings and shall be properly maintained throughout the life of any use on said lot. Existing trees or landscaping located within 20 feet of any street or lot line or zone boundary shall not be removed except with the written approval of the Planning Board; nor shall the existing grade within that space be disturbed without such approval.
C. 
Every application for approval of a site plan or a subdivision shall contain a landscaping plan prepared by a New Jersey certified registered architect or professional engineer.
(1) 
The plan shall identify, locate and provide planting details for all proposed trees, shrubs, bushes, plant material and ground cover, all such existing plant materials proposed to be retained and all ground cover, natural features such as boulders, rock outcroppings and waterways. For all existing natural growth proposed to be retained, the plan shall state the method(s) proposed to be used for its protection during and after construction (e.g., fencing, tree wells, curbing or similar devices).
(2) 
The landscaping plan shall conform to the following design requirements, as applicable:
(a) 
The site plan or subdivision plan shall be so designed as to preserve, wherever possible, natural features such as large trees, groves, views, open waters, scenic and historic features or other recognized community assets. Efforts shall be made to utilize as much existing vegetation on the site as possible.
(b) 
All nonpaved areas on properties shall be appropriately landscaped with trees and shrubs, grass and other suitable landscaping materials.
(c) 
Landscaping shall be provided in public areas, recreation sites and adjacent to buildings. Where possible, shade trees shall be planted on the south side of buildings to shield them from the summer sun and evergreens on the north side of buildings to serve as windbreaks.
(d) 
The landscaping plan shall provide for a variety and mixture of plant materials taking into consideration their susceptibility to disease, colors (by season), textures, shapes, blossoms and foliage.
(e) 
The choice of landscaping shall be appropriate to site soil conditions and availability of water for irrigation.
(f) 
Street trees shall be planted at a minimum interval of 40 feet on center. Street trees can help unify dissimilar building styles and uses, separate vehicle and pedestrian zones and provide shade, overhead canopy and scale to the streetscape. Flowering trees shall not be used as street trees.
(g) 
Existing large trees shall be saved by not changing the surface elevation around the trees by more than 12 inches, construction of tree wells and by erecting four-foot-high snow fences located at the dripline of trees prior to any site disturbance.
(h) 
Any tree on the site having a trunk diameter of more than four inches at a height of two feet from the ground shall not be removed or relocated unless it is in accordance with a plan approved by the Planning Board.
(i) 
A sufficient number of shade trees shall be provided and planted on the site to ensure a minimum of 12 trees for each acre of the lot not occupied by buildings. Except as set forth hereinafter, at planting, deciduous trees shall have a minimum caliper of three inches measured at six inches above ground level, and evergreens shall be at least five feet high. All trees shall be balled and burlapped.
(j) 
Shrubs used as screens in buffer areas shall have an initial height of not less than three feet and be planted at intervals appropriate for the activities involved.
(k) 
All new plant materials shall be guaranteed for two years to be in healthy and vigorous condition and replaced as deemed necessary by the Planning Board or Zoning Board.
(l) 
Any damaged or dead trees shall be replaced up to two years after a final certificate of occupancy has been issued.
(m) 
Landscaping shall be located to provide for climate control, for example, shade trees on the south to shield the hot summer sun and evergreens on the north for windbreaks.
(n) 
Landscaping shall be used to accent and complement buildings, for example, groupings of tall trees to break up long, low buildings and lower plantings for taller buildings.
(o) 
Shade trees shall be planted on each side of every street so as not to interfere with utilities, sidewalks and proper sight distance at intersections.
(p) 
Replacement trees shall conform to the type of existing trees in a given area.
(q) 
A variety and mixture of landscaping shall be provided. The variety shall consider susceptibility to disease, colors, season, textures, shapes, blossoms and foliage.
(r) 
The impact of any proposed landscaping plan at various time intervals shall be considered so that, for example, shrubs do not grow and eventually block sight distances.
(s) 
Landscaping shall be located in protected areas, along walkways, center islands and at the end of parking bays. In narrow islands, low-spreading plants such as creeping juniper, English ivy, myrtle or pachysandra are appropriate.
(t) 
All landscaping in parking areas shall be carefully located so as not to obstruct vision. A variety of different types of trees shall be grouped to break up the mass of cars. Tree types shall be selected from those specified in Trees for New Jersey Streets — 2nd Revision, 1974, published by the New Jersey Federation of Shade Tree Commission. Trees that cause damage or excessive site maintenance problems due to root systems or leaf shedding shall be avoided. Trees that can withstand parking area conditions are encouraged.
(u) 
Those portions of all front, side and rear yards not used for off-street parking or vehicular or pedestrian circulation shall be planted with trees, shrubs, plants or grass lawns or combinations thereof.
D. 
Landscaping shall be provided as part of the overall site plan design and integrated into building arrangements, topography, parking and buffering requirements.
(1) 
Landscaping shall include preservation of existing vegetation to the extent possible as well as trees, bushes, shrubs, ground cover, perennials, annuals, plants, sculpture, art and the use of building and paving materials in an imaginative manner.
(2) 
The following landscape materials shall be used in the development of landscape plans. This list of species is to be used as a guideline and is not meant to exclude other acceptable species.
Key
Botanical Name
Common Name
Size
Remarks
Shade (Street) Trees
AR
Acer rubrum Oct. Glory
Oct. Glory Red Maple
3-inch caliper,
13-15 feet tall
B&B
FA
Fraxinus Americana "Autumn Purple"
Autumn Purple Ash
3-inch caliper,
13-15 feet tall
B&B
GT
Gleditsia tricanthos "Shademaster"
Shademaster Honey locust
3-inch caliper,
13-15 feet tall
B&B
QR
Quercus robra
Red Oak
3-inch caliper,
13-15 feet tall
B&B
TT
Tilia tomentosa
Silver Linden
3-inch caliper,
13-15 feet tall
B&B
Key
Botanical Name
Common Name
Size
Remarks
Flowering Trees
CK
Cornus Kousa
Kousa Dogwood
6-8 feet
B&B
MF
Malus floribunda
Japanese Crabapple
8-9 feet
B&B
PY
Prunus yedoensis
Yoshino Cherry
2-2 1/2 inches caliper
B&B
Key
Botanical Name
Common Name
Size
Remarks
Evergreen Trees (Buffer)
Ilex opaca
American Holly
5-6 feet
B&B
Pinus strobus
White Pine
5-6 feet
B&B
Pseudotsuga menziesii
Douglas Fir
5-6 feet
B&B
Thuja occidentalis nigra
Dark American Arborvitae
5-6 feet
B&B
Key
Botanical Name
Common Name
Size
Remarks
Shrubs
Asp
Azalea species
Flowering Azalea
18-24 inches
Container
IC
Ilex crenata hetzi
Hetz Holly
18-24 inches
Container
PC
Pyracantha coccinea "Rutgers"
Rutgers Firethorn
15-18 inches
Container
Rsp
Rhododendron species
Flowering Rhododendron
2-2 1/2 feet
B&B
C
Taxus cuspidata nana
Dwarf Japanese Yew
18-24 inches
B&B
VT
Viburnum tomentosum
Doublefile Viburnum
2-3 feet
B&B
Ilex glabra compacta
Compact Inkberry
18-24 inches
B&B
Taxus media hatfield
Hatfield Yew
2 1/2-3 feet
B&B
Viburnum dentatum
Arrowwood
3-4 feet
B&B
Key
Botanical Name
Common Name
Size
Remarks
Ground Cover
CD
Cotoneaster dammeri "Skoogholm"
Christmas Carpet Cotoneaster
15-18 inches,
18-24 inches on center
Container
JC
Juniperus chinensis sargenti
Sargent Juniper
15-18 inches,
18-24 inches on center
Container
VM
Vinca minor "Lawn"
Periwinkle
2 1/4-inch pots,
9 inches on center
A. 
In all zones, at the time any building or structure is erected, enlarged or increased in capacity, there shall be provided off-street parking for automotive, bicycle and other vehicles and off-street loading facilities in accordance with the requirements set forth herein as well as the parking space requirements for the handicapped contained in P.L. 1975, c. 221.[1] All required parking and loading facilities shall be paved with an all-weather impervious surface and shall be completed prior to the issuance of a certificate of occupancy. The construction, alteration or enlargement of any public or private parking or loading area or of accesses to such area shall require site plan approval by the Planning Board.
[1]
Editor's Note: See N.J.S.A. 52:32-11 et seq.
B. 
Each permitted use shall provide an area for the orderly deposit and pickup of refuse which is concealed from adjacent residential properties. This area shall be visually screened by a decorative wall or fence and landscaping. The overall design shall be in architectural harmony with the principal building and shall not be located within buffer areas.
C. 
All provisions and facilities for storage, other than the pickup of refuse, shall be contained within a principal building.
D. 
The following minimum number of parking spaces shall be provided for the uses specified per gross floor area unless otherwise indicated:
Land or Building Use
Minimum Standards
Assembly halls, auditoriums, theaters, churches or other similar places of public assemblage
1 space for each 3 fixed seats or, where capacity cannot be determined by the number of fixed seats, 1 space for each 30 square feet of floor area available for patron use
Banks and other financial institutions
1 space for each 250 square feet of gross floor area devoted to patron use
Beauty and barber shops
1 space for each 250 square feet of gross floor area
Dwellings:
  Detached family units
Minimum of 2 off-street single parking spaces for each house which may be provided in a driveway
  Multifamily dwellings
Minimum of 2 off-street parking spaces for each dwelling unit
  Units designed and intended for the elderly
1 space for each dwelling unit, except where it can be demonstrated that public or private transit will be available, in which case these requirements may be reduced accordingly
Fast-food restaurants
1 space for each 3 seats plus 1 space for each 40 square feet of gross floor area, excluding the seating area
Funeral homes and mortuaries
10 spaces plus 1 for each 50 square feet of viewing and parlor area
Furniture, appliance and hardware stores
1 space for each 400 square feet of gross floor area
Libraries
1 space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area
Medical or dental clinics or offices
1 space for each 100 square feet of gross floor area or 4 spaces for each doctor or dentist, plus 1 space for each employee, whichever is greater
Nursing homes
1 space for each bed
Offices, business and professional uses
1 space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area
Private kindergartens, child nurseries or institutional homes
1 space for each 600 square feet of gross floor area
Restaurants
The greater of 1 space for each 4 seats or 1 space for each 40 square feet of floor area devoted to patron drinking and dining use, plus 1 space for each 2 persons employed on the premises
Recreation centers, clubs and service organizations
1 space for each 500 square feet of gross floor area plus 1 space for each 2 full-time employees
Retail stores, store groups, shops, etc.
1 space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area
Schools:
  Elementary
To be determined by the Planning Board or Zoning Board
  Intermediate
To be determined by the Planning Board or Zoning Board
  Secondary
To be determined by the Planning Board or Zoning Board
Self-service laundries
1 space for each 200 square feet of building floor area
Theaters
1 space for each 2 public seats
Veterinarian clinics
3 spaces per examination room
Mixed uses
If 2 or more uses are conducted on 1 lot, the minimum required number of parking spaces shall be the aggregate of the required minimum number of parking spaces for each use, computed separately
Uses not specified
As determined by the Planning Board or Zoning Board on the basis of the number of persons to be employed or reside in or visit said building and the anticipated use by residents, visitors or patrons of transportation modes other than private automobiles
E. 
Required parking spaces or loading berths may not be located on streets or access aisles or driveways. No areas specifically intended for parking or loading use may be located between the front building line and the street line unless otherwise specified in other sections of this chapter. All parking shall be located in bays or modules generally perpendicular to driveways and roads.
F. 
All required parking spaces shall be on the same lot or tract of land as the building or use to which they are accessory, unless the Planning Board or Zoning Board, as part of the site plan review, shall approve collective off-street parking facilities for two or more buildings or uses on contiguous lots. The total number of spaces in such collective off-street parking facilities shall be not less than the sum of the spaces required for the individual uses, computed separately. Such approval shall be granted only subject to the submission of appropriate deed restrictions, acceptable to the Planning Board or Zoning Board Attorney, guaranteeing the availability of such facilities throughout the life of the buildings of uses to which they are proposed to be accessory.
G. 
Where it can be demonstrated, at the time of Planning Board or Zoning Board review, that the parking or loading area requirements of this article are in excess of actual needs, the Planning Board or Zoning Board may permit a portion, not to exceed 25%, of the proposed parking or loading areas to be appropriately graded and landscaped but left unpaved. If, following construction, the experience with the actual operation of the proposed use should show the need for additional off-street parking or loading, the applicant may request or the Borough Engineer may require such unpaved space to be paved.
H. 
Every public or private off-street parking or loading area shall be maintained in good condition, free of hazards and deterioration. All paved areas, sidewalks, curbs, drainage facilities, lighting, bumpers, guardrails, markings, signs, bicycle parking devices, landscaping and other improvements shall be maintained in workable, safe and good condition. Further, the governing body may authorize repairs for such improvements if, after proper notice, the owner fails to maintain any improvements that are governed by a development or other similar agreement and said body finds that the resulting conditions constitute a public health and safety hazard.
I. 
All off-street parking and loading areas, including driveways, shall be maintained with graded, dust-free surfaces that are well drained. All such off-street parking and loading space and necessary passageways and driveways giving access thereto shall be maintained in a state of good repair, and the surface thereof shall be kept clear of ruts, potholes, protrusions, debris and other vehicular or pedestrian hazards. Off-street parking spaces and/or driveways for all residential uses except multifamily developments may incorporate parking strips separated by gravel or grass as approved by the Borough Engineer. Turfblock may be used for off-street parking and loading areas if approved by the Borough Engineer.
J. 
Off-street parking and loading facilities for separate uses may be provided jointly if the total number of spaces so provided is not less than the sum of the separate requirements for each use, provided that all regulations governing the location of accessory spaces in relation to the use served are adhered to.
K. 
Parking is prohibited in all residential zones in front yards within the side building lines. Garages, outbuildings, sheds and other similar structures shall be excluded.
[Added 10-3-2000 by Ord. No. 1093]
L. 
Parking of all or part of any vehicle in the right-of-way, including sidewalks, driveway aprons, and the area between the sidewalk and curb, is prohibited.
[Added 8-17-2010 by Ord. No. 1351]
A. 
Required space measurements.
(1) 
All required car parking spaces shall be laid out and located in accordance with the following standards set forth below:
Space Angle
(degrees)
Minimum Space Width
(feet)
Minimum Space Depth
(feet)
Aisle Width
1-Way
(feet)
2-Way
(feet)
90
9
18
24
24
60
9
18 1/2
18
18
45
9
17 1/2
12
12
(2) 
A space which abuts a fixed object such as a wall or column, whether within a structure or not, shall have a minimum width of 10 feet and minimum depth of 20 feet.
(3) 
These parking conditions shall not apply to parallel curb parking spaces, which shall measure no less than eight feet in width and 24 feet in length. The foregoing standards may be modified by the Board upon the advice of the Borough Engineer.
B. 
Parking area layout.
(1) 
All parking spaces shall be identified by means of four-inch painted lines. Where possible, parking areas should be separated from roads or aisles by landscaped islands with a minimum width of six feet.
(2) 
All parking areas shall be provided with permanent and durable curbing or bumpers.
(3) 
Parking stalls, driveways and aisles shall be clearly marked and delineated. The Planning Board may require that certain areas be maintained for fire-fighting or other emergency purposes, and these areas shall be appropriately designated.
(4) 
It is the intent of these regulations to prevent the creation of wide expanses of pavement in parking areas, uninterrupted by landscaping or natural vegetation. To that end, all commercial off-street parking areas shall be bordered by landscaped areas containing trees and shrubs to shield automobiles from view. Whenever feasible, the Planning Board shall require that at least 10% of the total parking lot area be used for interior landscaping. Such interior landscaping shall be distributed through the parking lot in planting islands and along pedestrian walkways to provide maximum shade and buffer from noise and glare. At least one deciduous tree for every five parking spaces shall be required within the parking lot. For the purposes of this requirement, any parking area enclosed or covered shall not be calculated as part of the total parking area.
(5) 
In all residential off-street parking areas, interior landscaping shall be distributed throughout, as determined by the Planning Board, to provide for maximum shade and buffer from noise and glare. Buffering of fencing, evergreens, shrubs, bushes, deciduous trees, plants or a combination thereof shall be located along the edge of parking lots or property lines to minimize headlights of vehicles, noise, light from structures and the movement of people and vehicles and to shield activities from adjacent properties and roadways.
(6) 
Parking areas shall be suitably landscaped to minimize noise, glare and other nuisance characteristics as well as to enhance the environment and ecology of the site and surrounding area. All open parking areas and accessways thereto shall be properly drained, and all such areas shall have a paved surface.
(7) 
All landscaping in parking areas shall be carefully located so as not to obstruct vision. Parking viewed from the public right-of-way or from any property used for residential purposes shall be suitably shielded by landscaping. Tree types shall be selected from those specified in Trees for New Jersey Streets — 2nd Revision 1974, published by the New Jersey Federation of Shade Tree Commission. Trees that cause damage or excessive site maintenance problems due to root systems or leaf shedding shall be avoided. Trees that can withstand parking area conditions are encouraged. In narrow islands, low-spreading plants, such as creeping juniper, English ivy, myrtle or pachysandra, are appropriate.
C. 
Walkways and curbing.
(1) 
Walkways between a parking area and principal structures along aisles and driveways and wherever pedestrian traffic shall occur shall be provided with a minimum width of four feet of passable area and shall be raised six inches above the parking area except when crossing streets or driveways.
(2) 
Where pedestrians must cross service roads, access roads or driveways to reach parking areas, crosswalks should be clearly designated by pavement markings and signs.
(3) 
Guardrails or the equivalent and concrete wheel stops permanently anchored to the ground or concrete curbing shall be provided in appropriate locations. Parked vehicles shall not overhang or extend over walkway areas unless an additional two feet of permeable surface are provided to accommodate such overhang.
D. 
Bicycle or moped parking facilities.
(1) 
It is the intent of this chapter that bicycle parking facilities that would facilitate the use of the bicycle as a means of transportation by the employees and customers of the proposed use requiring site plan approval be encouraged. To that end, for each 10 bicycle parking spaces provided in accordance with the requirements of this section, the Planning Board may permit one car parking space to remain sodded or seeded.
(2) 
If provided in lieu of car parking areas, bicycle parking facilities shall be located indoors or in sheltered areas close to major entrances to the buildings or other areas they serve, in view of working personnel onsite or close to high-activity areas to minimize chances of theft or vandalism. Such parking facilities shall provide for padlock, chain or cable attachment and should allow for both the wheels and the frame of a bicycle to be secured to it with a standard six-foot cable or chain. Devices such as slotted concrete slab or vertical bar type racks that support the bicycle by a wheel and could cause damage to wheel rims should be avoided.
E. 
Loading areas.
(1) 
The need for off-street loading areas or berths shall be determined at the time of site plan review. Any required loading area shall be paved. Each required loading berth shall be at least 12 feet wide, 50 feet long and 14 feet high. Any area used regularly for loading shall be so designed as to prevent the use thereof from hindering the free movement of vehicles and pedestrians on any street, alley or sidewalk or from preempting any required parking spaces.
(2) 
Each required loading berth shall be provided with unobstructed access to and from a street, having a width of not less than 10 feet. Such access may be combined with access to a parking lot. No entrance or exit for any loading area or berth shall be located within 50 feet of any street intersection. All required loading areas or berths shall be on the same lot as the use to which they are accessory and shall be so arranged as to permit the simultaneous use of all berths without blocking or otherwise interfering with the use of automobile accessways, parking facilities, fire lanes or sidewalks. No off-street loading area shall be located between the front building line and the street line unless otherwise specified in this chapter. No off-street parking or loading area shall be located within five feet of the street right-of-way line, and no loading area shall be permitted in a side yard.
A. 
Driveways.
(1) 
There shall be adequate provision for ingress and egress to all parking spaces. All entrance and exit driveways shall be located to afford maximum safety to traffic, to provide for safe and convenient ingress and egress to and from the site and to minimize conflict with the flow of traffic.
(2) 
Any exit driveway or driveway lane shall be so designed in profile and grading and located to provide the following minimum sight distance measured in each direction. The measurements shall be from the driver's seat of a vehicle standing on that portion of the exit driveway that is immediately outside the edge of the road right-of-way.
Permitted Road Speed
(miles per hour)
Required Sight Distance
(feet)
25
150
30
200
35
50
40
300
(3) 
A change in the speed regulations shall not affect a building or use for which a construction or land use permit has been issued. No driveway entrance or exit shall be located within 50 feet of the point of tangency of the existing or proposed curb radius of any corner lot.
(4) 
A driveway shall not be located within 10 feet of any side yard unless there is a common driveway for two or more lots as approved by the Planning Board or Zoning Board.
(5) 
No driveway entrance or exit shall be located within 25 feet of a crosswalk.
(6) 
No entrance or exit driveway shall be located on or within 50 feet of the point of beginning of any rotary, ramp or interchange.
(7) 
Any development fronting on an arterial street shall be provided with a single access to the arterial street where practicable. Where access is provided by more than one driveway from the same street, the driveways shall be located at least 200 feet apart.
(8) 
Two-way driveways or one-way driveways permitting left turns onto the street shall intersect the road at an angle of as near 90° as site conditions will permit and in no case of less than 60°.
(9) 
One-way driveways permitting a right turn only onto the street may not form an angle as small as 45° with the street unless acceleration and deceleration lanes are provided.
(10) 
The dimensions of driveways shall be designed to adequately accommodate the volume and character of vehicles anticipated daily onto the land development for which a site plan is prepared. The required maximum and minimum dimensions for driveways are indicated below. Driveways serving large volumes of daily traffic or traffic of over 15% truck traffic shall be required to utilize height to maximum dimensions. In single-family residential zones, driveways and parking areas shall not exceed 20 feet in width.
(11) 
The Borough Engineer may require access to some parking areas to have acceleration and/or deceleration lanes in accordance with design criteria established by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Standards Manuals.
(12) 
No access drive, driveway or other means of ingress and egress located in any residential zone shall provide access to uses that are prohibited in such zone.
(13) 
Where two or more driveways connect a single site to any one road, a minimum clear distance of 50 feet measured along the right-of-way line shall separate the closest edges of any two such driveways.
(14) 
Bicycle access drives shall be not less than four feet wide if used for one-way operation and eight feet wide if used for two-way operation. Bicycle access to a lot shall not be combined with pedestrian access, nor shall it be via a separate path parallel and adjacent to motor vehicle access. Bicycle access driveways shall be free of hazards to the cyclists (e.g., parallel bar drainage grates, insufficient sight clearance at points of intersection or insufficient lateral or vertical clearance or radii of curvature).
(15) 
Driveways are prohibited in all residential zones in front yards within the side building lines. Garages, outbuildings, sheds and other similar structures shall be excluded.
[Added 8-17-2010 by Ord. No. 1351]
B. 
Parking lot and driveway surfaces.
(1) 
Parking lot and access drives shall be paved as specified below or with an equivalent as approved by the Borough Engineer. All parking areas and access roads shall be suitably drained.
(2) 
Access roads, loading areas and other areas subject to high-density or heavy truck traffic shall be paved with not less than four inches of bituminous stabilized base course and two inches of fine aggregate bituminous concrete prepared and constructed in accordance with current specifications of the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
(3) 
Parking stall areas and areas which are unlikely to experience heavy traffic shall be paved with not less than three inches of bituminous stabilized base course and 1 1/2 inches of fine aggregate bituminous concrete prepared and constructed in accordance with current specifications of the New Jersey Department of Transportation, or six inches of quarry blend stone and two inches of FABC.
(4) 
Soft or unstable subgrades shall be removed for a depth of not less than six inches, and a subbase of dense-graded aggregate shall be installed.
(5) 
Turfblock may be used for off-street parking and loading areas if approved by the Borough Engineer.
Proposed streets and extensions of existing streets shall conform to the Master Plan and shall be designed and located to facilitate orderly circulation patterns, assure emergency access and provide for future connections to adjoining properties in accordance with the following standards:
A. 
The arrangements of arterial and collector streets shall be such as to provide for the extension of existing arterials and collectors. Local streets shall not be made continuous or be so aligned that one subdivision adds to the traffic generated by a minor street in another subdivision.
B. 
In any major subdivision, it shall be the duty of the Planning Board to classify proposed streets according to their types. The Planning Board, in making its decisions, shall refer to the Master Plan and shall consider conditions within the subdivision and surrounding area. The right-of-way shall be measured from lot line to lot line and shall not be less than the following:
Type of Street
Minimum Right-of-Way
(feet)
Number of Lanes
Parking
Sidewalk
Arterials
66-70
2
--
4 feet
2 sides
Collectors
75
2
--
4 feet
2 sides
Local streets (loop roads)
50
2
--
4 feet
2 sides
Culs-de-sac
50
2
--
4 feet
2 sides
C. 
Bikeways shall be included on all roadways as indicated on the Master Plan. Where the bicycle lane is part of a roadway system, the bicycle lane shall be four feet in each direction and shall be appropriately designated with a combination of signing and road markings.
D. 
The Planning Board may deem any extension of a temporary cul-de-sac street to be a local street for the purposes of classification.
E. 
When a subdivision abuts on existing streets, the street shall be widened, if necessary, and improved to conform to the standards set forth in this chapter.
A. 
Grades on all streets shall not exceed 6%. No street shall have a minimum grade of less than 1/2%.
B. 
All changes in grade shall be connected by vertical curves of sufficient length to provide a smooth transition and proper site distance and drainage as determined by the Borough Engineer.
C. 
The maximum length of a cul-de-sac shall be 600 feet to the turning circle. This distance may be increased to 800 feet if it serves no more than 20 dwelling units or uses generating equivalent traffic and if an emergency vehicular access and pedestrian walkway of at least 10 feet in width is provided from the head of the cul-de-sac to an adjacent street. The length of the cul-de-sac shall be measured along its center line from the center line of the intersecting street to the center of the circle at the end of the cul-de-sac.
D. 
Each cul-de-sac shall provide a turnaround at the end with a minimum radius of 50 feet to the outside edge of the cartway or curbline and 60 feet to the outside edge of the right-of way.
E. 
In any development the street system shall be integrated with the existing network of streets so that there are at least two points of access. When such a development is to be developed in sections, each section shall provide two points of access, one of which may be temporary.
F. 
No street shall have a name which will duplicate or so nearly duplicate as to be confused with the names of existing streets in the Borough or its vicinity. The continuation of an existing street shall have the same name. The Planning Board shall reserve the right to approve or name streets within a proposed subdivision. All house identification numbers shall be seen clearly from the street.
G. 
Minimum roadway construction.
(1) 
Arterial and collector streets shall be constructed for their full width with a four-inch compacted depth stone subbase, using soil aggregate Type 5, Class A, quarry process stone, if needed; six-inch dense-graded aggregate; and three-inch compacted depth bituminous concrete, Type FABC-2 surface course.
(2) 
Local streets and cul-de-sac streets shall be constructed for their full width with a four-inch compacted depth stone subbase, using soil aggregate Type 5, Class A, quarry process stone; four-inch compacted depth bituminous stabilized base course, stone mix; and two-inch compacted depth bituminous concrete, Type FABC-2 surface course.
(3) 
All of the above construction shall be in accordance with the current New Jersey State Highway Department Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction and supplements thereto on file in the Borough Engineer's office.
A. 
The intersections of two streets shall be as nearly at right angles as is possible and in no case shall be less than 60°. The block corners at intersections shall be rounded at the curbline with a curve having a radius of not less than 30 feet. On major and minor arterials and major collectors, the curb radius shall be not less than 50 feet.
B. 
Any collector street shall approach the intersection with another collector street or an arterial street along a straight line course within 100 feet of the intersection.
C. 
Sight triangles.
(1) 
At all street corners, the areas bounded by the right-of-way lines and a straight line connecting sight points on street center lines which are the following distances from the intersection of the center lines shall be dedicated as sight triangles:
(a) 
Where a local street intersects a local street: 90 feet.
(b) 
Where a local street intersects a major collector street: 90 feet on the minor and 200 feet on the major collector.
(c) 
Where a local street or a minor or major collector street intersects an arterial street: 90 feet back on the minor or collector streets and 300 feet back on the arterial streets.
(2) 
No fences or any other obstruction nor any planting exceeding 24 inches in height as measured above the elevation of the center line of the road may be placed in any such sight triangle.
D. 
The Planning Board may require street widening or other street improvements on arterials and collectors, including acceleration and deceleration lanes and concrete curbs, to assure safe ingress and egress and to achieve the following wherever possible:
Acceleration Lanes
Deceleration Lanes
Legal Speed Limit
(mph)
Full Length
(feet)
+
Length of Taper
(feet)
Full Length
(feet)
+
Length of Taper
(feet)
25
100
50
150
50
35
200
75
200
75
40
300
75
200
75
Street signs shall be of the type, design and standard acceptable to the Planning Board. The location of the street signs shall be determined by the Board, but there shall be at least two street signs furnished at each intersection. All signs shall be installed free of visual obstruction.
A. 
Except as specified hereinafter, sidewalks shall be required on both sides of all streets serving a minor arterial, major collector and minor collector or as stipulated in the adopted Master Plan and as further required by the Planning Board. Additionally, sidewalks shall be required in nonresidential developments at the discretion of the Board depending upon the probable volume of pedestrian traffic, the development's location in relation to other populated areas and the general type of improvement intended.
B. 
Where required, sidewalks shall be at least four feet wide and located as approved by the Board. Sidewalks shall be at least 3,000 pounds per square inch air-entrained, six inches thick at driveways. Sidewalks shall be provided with expansion joints of one-half-inch-thick preformed bituminous joint fill spaced at intervals of not more than 24 feet. Sidewalks such as brick pavers may be considered by the Planning Board upon submission of complete design details.
C. 
Curb ramps for the physically handicapped shall be provided at all street intersections and shall be constructed in compliance with standards of the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
D. 
Sidewalks shall have control joints at intervals equivalent to the sidewalk width but not less than four feet. A sidewalk shall be finished with a broom finish having the striations 90° to the direction of traffic.
Except as specified hereinafter, concrete curbs shall be installed along every street within a subdivision and at intersections with existing Borough, county or state roads and shall be laid in a manner approved by the Borough Engineer. The curbing shall meet the following specifications:
A. 
The concrete to be used for curbs shall be Class B, 3,500 pounds per square inch air-entrained concrete as specified in the New Jersey State Department of Transportation Specifications for Curbs and Gutters.
B. 
Expansion joints of one-half-inch-thick preformed bituminous joint filler shall be provided at intervals of not more than 30 feet and shall be sealed as specified by the Borough Engineer.
C. 
Curbs shall have control joints at intervals not more than 10 feet.
D. 
Openings for driveway access shall be of such width as shall be determined by the Planning Board. The curb at such driveway openings shall be depressed to the extent that 1 1/2 inches shall extend above the finished pavement.
E. 
Concrete curbs shall be eight inches wide at their base and not less than six inches wide at their top. Their height shall be 10 inches or 18 inches, and they shall be so constructed as to show a vertical face above the roadway pavement of six inches maximum.
F. 
Curbs shall be finished with a smooth float finish, and the rear top corner of all curbs shall have a radius of 1/4 inch, and the front top corner shall be rounded and have a radius of one inch.
G. 
Replacement curbs or replacement of combination curb and gutter shall be constructed to the same cross section as the original.
A. 
Trees shall be planted along the public right-of-way varying by tree type, as follows:
(1) 
Large trees: every 50 to 60 feet. Each large tree shall have a minimum caliper of three inches measured six inches above the ground.
(2) 
Medium-sized trees: every 40 to 50 feet. Each medium-sized tree shall have a minimum caliper of two inches measured six inches above the ground.
B. 
All trees shall be nursery-grown stock and shall have a root ball wrapped in burlap, with a replacement guaranty by the developer of two years.
C. 
Shade trees shall be substantially uniform in size and shape and shall have straight trunks.
D. 
A hole in which a tree is to be planted shall be in each case 1/3 larger in width and in depth than the existing root ball or the particular tree to be planted. The hole in which the tree is to be planted shall contain proper amounts of topsoil and peat moss, but no chemical fertilizer shall be added until the tree has been planted for one year.
E. 
Subsequent or replacement trees shall conform to the type of existing tree in a given area.
F. 
Besides the shade tree requirements outlined above, additional trees shall be planted throughout the development in accordance with an approved landscape plan. The variety of plantings may vary to include flowering types and evergreens.
G. 
In heavily wooded sites, the shade tree requirements shall be waived at the discretion of the Planning Board or Zoning Board.
A. 
A Soil Conservation Service soil disturbance review shall be required when an amount of soil exceeding 5,000 square feet or more of disturbance is to be removed or placed upon any site, regardless of the time span to accomplish such removal. Any proposed removal under 5,000 square feet shall be reviewed and approved by the Borough Engineer. However, nothing in this review shall be construed to prevent any owner, otherwise eligible in accordance with law, from excavating or cutting, stripping or otherwise disturbing lands or soil for the following purposes:
(1) 
Construction, uses and modifications of a one-family dwelling and its normal accessory and appurtenant uses.
(2) 
Gardening for noncommercial purposes.
(3) 
Commercial, agricultural or horticultural use when in accordance with accepted farm agricultural practices, approved by the County Soil Conservation District.
(4) 
Excavation or cutting, stripping or other land or soil disturbance other than removal from the site necessary for the construction or reconstruction of curbs, sidewalks, private residential driveways, drainage systems, sewage disposal systems and other utility service connections, provided that all other Borough, county, state and district approvals have been received.
(5) 
Installation, removal, replacement or maintenance of landscaping, including trees, shrubs, flowers and cover where the existing land contours are not changed by more than one foot.
B. 
In reviewing site plan applications for soil disturbance, the Planning Board shall consider the following criteria:
(1) 
Any proposed soil disturbance shall be the minimum necessary consistent with the proper development of the site and shall be done in a manner which will minimize erosion and sedimentation damage and other adverse consequences.
(2) 
Physical characteristics of the remaining soil shall be adapted for uses to which the land may lawfully be put.
(3) 
Wherever feasible, natural vegetation shall be retained and protected.
(4) 
The extent of the disturbed area and the duration of its exposure shall be kept within practical geographic and time limits.
(5) 
Either temporary seeding, mulching or other suitable stabilization measures shall be used to protect exposed critical areas during soil disturbance.
(6) 
Drainage provisions shall accommodate any increased water runoff resulting from modified soil and surface conditions during and after the soil disturbance.
(7) 
Water runoff shall be minimized and retained onsite wherever possible to facilitate groundwater recharge and to mitigate possible downstream damage.
(8) 
Sediment shall be retained on site to the maximum extent feasible.
(9) 
Necessary diversions and sedimentation basins and similar required preventive measures shall be installed prior to any on-site soil disturbance.
(10) 
Compliance with minimum standards and specifications contained in Standards for Soil Erosion and Sediment Control in New Jersey and approval of the Soil Conservation Service prior to actual soil disturbance shall be required.
(11) 
Dust and mud on the premises in question, as well as on abutting lands, shall be prevented or controlled.
(12) 
Soil fertility and the resulting ability of the affected area to support plant and tree growth shall be preserved by the preservation of adequate topsoil.
(13) 
Necessary lateral support and grades of abutting lands, structures and other improvements shall be maintained.
(14) 
Pits and declivities which are hazardous or which provide insect breeding locations shall be avoided.
(15) 
The manner of disturbance and/or transportation of removed soil will not adversely affect the public health, safety and general environmental welfare of the Borough.
Monuments shall be installed in compliance with the requirements of N.J.S.A. 46:23-9.11q(8). All lot corners shall be marked with a metal alloy pin of permanent character.
Streetlighting of a type supplied by the utility and of a type and number approved by the Borough Engineer shall be provided for all street intersections and along all arterial and collector streets and anywhere else deemed necessary by the Planning Board. Wherever this chapter requires the underground installation of electric utilities for residential areas, the applicant shall provide for the installation of underground service for streetlighting.
A. 
The design and location of all utilities shall be in accordance with all applicable standards of the Borough and the public utility having jurisdiction. The location of all utilities shall be coordinated by the Borough Engineer.
B. 
All public services shall be connected to an approved public utilities system, where one exists. For all major subdivisions, the subdivider shall arrange with the servicing utility for the underground installation of the utilities distribution supply lines and service connections in accordance with the provisions of the applicable standard terms and conditions incorporated as a part of its tariff as the same are then on file with the State of New Jersey Board of Public Utility Commissioners, and the subdivider shall provide the municipality with three copies of a final plat showing the installed location of these utilities. For minor subdivisions, service connections shall be made underground where the supply lines that serve the lands being subdivided are underground. For major and minor subdivisions, the subdivider shall submit to the Board, prior to the granting of final approval, a written instrument from each serving utility which shall evidence full compliance or intended full compliance with the provisions of this subsection; provided, however, that lots which abut existing streets where overhead electric or telephone distribution supply lines and service connections have heretofore been installed may be supplied with electric and telephone service from those overhead lines, but the service connections from the utilities' overhead lines shall be installed underground. In the case of existing overhead utilities, should a road widening or an extension of service or other such condition occur as a result of the subdivision and necessitate the replacement or relocation of such utilities, such replacement or relocation shall be underground.
C. 
In large-scale development, utilities shall be placed underground. Easements along rear property lines or elsewhere for utility installations may be required. Such easements shall be at least 20 feet wide and located in consultation with the companies or municipal departments concerned and, to the fullest extent possible, be centered on or be located adjacent to rear or side lot lines.
A. 
Lot dimensions and area shall not be less than the requirements of the Land Development Ordinance.
B. 
Insofar as is practical, side lot lines shall be either at right angles or radial to street lines.
C. 
Each lot shall front upon an approved public street with a right-of-way width of at least 50 feet, except in planned developments, where lots may front on private streets maintained by the owner.
D. 
Where extra width has been dedicated for widening of existing streets, lots shall begin at such new street line, and all setbacks shall be measured from such line.
E. 
Where there is a question as to the suitability of a lot or lots for their intended use due to factors such as poor drainage conditions or flood conditions or where percolation tests or test borings show the ground conditions to be inadequate for proper on-lot sewage treatment or similar circumstances, the Board may, after adequate investigation, withhold approval of such lots. If approval is withheld, the Board shall give its reasons and notify the applicant and enter the same in the minutes.
Where public water is accessible for single-family residential units, the applicant may construct water mains in such a manner as to make adequate water service available to each lot or dwelling unit within the subdivision or development. The entire system shall be designed in accordance with the requirements and standards of the local and/or state agency having approval authority and shall be subject to its approval. The system shall also be designed with adequate capacity and sustained pressure.
Where required and where a public treatment and collection system is accessible, the applicant shall construct facilities in such a manner as to make adequate sewage treatment available to each lot and structure within the development using said treatment and collection system.
A. 
All proposed residential structures that have a south-facing exterior wall shall have 75% of the surface of that wall unshaded with access to direct sunlight for at least four hours between 9:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m., Eastern standard time, on December 21.
B. 
All subdivisions and site plans for all types of development shall be designed so that adjoining properties are assured direct sunlight access for at least four hours between 9:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m., Eastern standard time, on December 21.
C. 
If assuring solar access to adjoining properties requires a solar easement, such instrument shall comply with N.J.S.A. 46:3-24 et seq. and shall include at least the following:
(1) 
The vertical and horizontal angles expressed in degrees at which the solar easement extends over the real property subject to the solar easement.
(2) 
Any terms or conditions or both under which the solar easement shall be granted or terminated.
(3) 
Provisions for compensation of the owner of the property benefiting from the solar easement in the event that there is interference with the enjoyment of that solar easement, or compensation of the owner of the property subject to the solar easement for maintaining that solar easement.
D. 
Wherever possible, at least 75% of all proposed detached residential structures shall have their long axis facing within 30° of true south.
E. 
The design and layout of buildings and parking areas shall provide an aesthetically pleasing and efficient arrangement. Buildings shall be situated so as to allow adequate light and air on the site.
A. 
In development plans where common open space is provided, it shall be clearly delineated, dimensioned and tabulated to the nearest tenth of an acre on the final development plan.
B. 
Except in age-restricted developments, active recreation facilities shall include, at a minimum, play lots located so as to serve conveniently all units in the development and meeting the following minimum standards:
(1) 
Play lots, with a minimum area of 2,000 square feet for toddlers and 5,000 square feet for older children, containing such facilities as swings, a slide, play sculptures and benches for parents, shall be provided.
(2) 
Play lots shall be located with due consideration of their effective service radius of 1/8 of a mile and their capability to serve not more than approximately 100 children each.
C. 
All recreational facilities in a planned residential development shall be operated for the residents thereof and shall not be made available commercially to anyone who pays a fee.
D. 
The design and use of common open space areas shall protect the natural resources and qualities of the site, including the natural terrain, woodlands, significant views, historic sites and/or districts, and any unique and unusual feature.
E. 
Common open space other than that preserved for its natural values shall be suitably landscaped. All structures within open space areas shall be sited so as to retain their visual appeal. The Planning Board shall require such grading, drainage, planting, walkways, fencing, lighting and such other improvements in the common open space as may be necessary to enhance the intended open space uses.
F. 
As nearly as possible the designated open space shall be distributed throughout the development to afford equal access thereto to all residents. The common open space shall consist of major contiguous parcels in a natural state or developed for specific recreational purposes according to the guidelines in site plan review and shall have adequate access to public and private roads. Designating all open space in one portion of a development is to be discouraged.
A. 
All signs, whether permitted or nonconforming, shall comply with all applicable county, state and federal sign regulations as well as the following:
(1) 
Each subdivision and site plan application shall include a sign plan showing the specific design, location, size, height, construction, illumination and landscaping of proposed signs in accordance with the regulations contained herein.
(2) 
No signs shall be hung, erected or placed upon any building or property unless a sign plan has been approved by the Planning Board or Zoning Board or a written application has been made to the Zoning Enforcement Officer by the owner of the building or property and a permit has been issued upon payment of the established fee. Signs located in an historic district are to be reviewed by the Historic Preservation Commission.
[Amended 10-19-2004 by Ord. No. 1181; 7-3-2018 by Ord. No. 1456]
(3) 
There shall be a consistent sign design theme throughout a particular development project. The design theme shall include style of lettering, construction, material, type of pole or standards, size, proportion, lighting and day/night impacts. The color of letters and background should be carefully considered in relation to the color of the material of the building(s) or where the signs are proposed to be located. Signs should be a subordinate rather than predominant feature of any plan.
(4) 
Signs may be located on a lot so that they shall not be in or within the public right-of-way nor interfere with sight distances at street intersections or ingress or egress points to a lot, development or subdivision. Signs designed to be seen from vehicles should be perpendicular to the line of travel, while signs designed to be read on foot can be placed parallel with walks. Adjacent signs on adjoining buildings or storefronts shall be placed within the same horizontal band and be of harmonious materials and colors.
(5) 
Wall signs shall not cover wholly or partially any wall opening, including doors, fire escapes and windows, nor project beyond the ends of the wall to which they are attached. All such signs must be safely and adequately attached to said building wall by means satisfactory to the Zoning Enforcement Officer.
(6) 
No sign using red, green, blue or amber illumination in a beam, beacon or flashing form resembling an emergency light shall be erected in any location.
(7) 
No sign which does not conform to these regulations shall be rebuilt, enlarged, changed or moved.
(8) 
All signs shall be kept in good repair, which shall include replacement or repair of broken or malfunctioning structural elements, casings, faces or lighting elements and the maintenance of legibility. Upon determining that a sign has become structurally unsafe or endangers the safety of the building or the public, the Zoning Enforcement Officer shall order such sign be made safe or removed. Such order shall be complied with within 10 days of the receipt thereof by the owner of the building or premises on which such unsafe sign is affixed or erected.
(9) 
Each sign in the business or office districts must have a valid, current sign permit. Signs not having a valid, current permit must be removed upon notification by the Zoning Enforcement Officer. If the sign is not removed within 30 days of such notification, the Zoning Enforcement Officer shall have the sign removed, and the costs of such removal shall be assessed against the owner of the sign, together with the penalties prescribed by § 450-171.
[Amended 10-19-2004 by Ord. No. 1181]
(10) 
In the event that the use of an existing nonconforming sign changes or an existing nonconforming sign is destroyed totally, an application for a sign permit must be submitted in accordance with the provisions of this section for the changed use or replacement sign.
(11) 
An annual inspection is to be made by the Zoning Enforcement Officer during the second calendar quarter for the purpose of enforcing compliance with this section and assuring the structural soundness and safety of all signs. A certificate will be issued by the Zoning Enforcement Officer if the sign inspected conforms to this section and is structurally sound and safe. An annual inspection fee shall be set by the Borough Council.
B. 
All principal buildings in all districts shall be clearly identified as to house number and street number and shall be clearly visible and legible from the main and abutting street.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 144, Buildings, Numbering of.
C. 
The following signs are prohibited in all zones:
(1) 
Abandoned signs.
(2) 
A flashing, blinking, twinkling, animated, moving, rotating or projected sign of any type or a sign which presents an illusion of movement. Static time-and-temperature displays and barber poles are permitted.
(3) 
Any sign so erected, constructed or maintained as to obstruct any fire escape, window, door or opening used as a means of egress or ingress or interfere with any opening required for legal ventilation.
(4) 
Signs placed on or affixed to vehicles and/or trailers.
(5) 
Any sign advertising property, goods or services that are no longer available.
(6) 
Signs on accessory buildings or structures.
(7) 
Signs painted on an exterior wall, fascia, parapet or chimney or on a fence.
(8) 
Signs posted on posts, utility poles, public benches, streetlights, bus shelters or trees and/or other living vegetation.
(9) 
Any sign whose form, character or shape may confuse or dangerously distract the attention of the operator of a motor vehicle.
(10) 
Signs which in any way simulate official, functional, directional or warning signs erected or maintained by the State of New Jersey, county or municipality thereof, any railroad, public utility or similar agency concerned with the protection of public health or safety.
(11) 
Off-site signs.
(12) 
Any sign, other than property identification, attached to or painted on trees, fences, utility poles, rocks, curbs, walks, lamps, hydrants, benches or bridges.
(13) 
Signs bearing texts of a laudatory nature or including services or product names normally furnished by any such establishment or proprietor. It is the purpose of this chapter to limit the use of all signs to identification or directional purposes only. Identification signs allow the principal name of the establishment or proprietor and a brief description of the principal goods or services offered.
(14) 
Any sign which, applying contemporary community standards, has a dominant theme or purpose and appeal to prurient interest.
(15) 
Portable and wheeled signs.
(16) 
Any sign containing information which states or implies that a property may be used for any purpose not permitted under the provisions of the Borough Land Development Ordinance in the zoning district in which the property to which the sign relates is located.
(17) 
Roof signs and signs extending above the wall to which they are attached.
(18) 
(Reserved)[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection C(18), Political signs, was deleted 12-21-2004 by Ord. No. 1184. See now Subsection S.
(19) 
Permanent marquees extending over the sidewalk.
(20) 
Signs posted on Borough property, except where specifically authorized by the Borough.
(21) 
Signs installed or painted on sidewalks or curbs.
(22) 
Signs using mechanical or electrical devices or wind to revolve, flash or display movement or the illusion of movement or to spell alternating messages.
(23) 
Signs on abutments, retaining walls or embankments.
(24) 
Signs painted directly on buildings or which obstruct any windows.
(25) 
Billboard signs.
(26) 
An automobile, trailer (attached or unattached) or vehicle of any nature bearing signs or advertisements, parked or left stationary for more than 24 hours upon any vacant land or public street.
(27) 
Signs using any lighting or control mechanism which may cause radio or television interference.
(28) 
All outside lighted signs operating after 11:00 p.m.
(29) 
Illuminated signs where the source of light is directly visible from adjoining properties or streets.
(30) 
(Reserved)[3]
[3]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection C(30), regarding neon signs, was repealed 9-2-1997 by Ord. No. 1015. See now § 450-135R.
(31) 
All temporary signs, except as set forth herein.
D. 
Signs proposed shall be constructed soundly built and lettered by a professional sign company, shall not cause an obstruction or hazard, shall not impede viewing of other existing signs or displays and shall not interfere with vehicular or pedestrian traffic.
E. 
Functional signs shall not exceed two square feet in the area per sign. Functional signs shall not be illuminated in any manner.
F. 
The size of any sign shall be computed by multiplying its greatest height by its greatest length, exclusive of supporting structures.
G. 
Two-sided signs shall be measured by using the surface area of one side of the sign only.
H. 
Temporary signs announcing or advertising any educational, charitable or religious event will be permitted, but in no event shall such temporary signs remain in place for a period exceeding 21 consecutive days in any calendar year, and in no event shall such signs exceed 24 square feet in size.
I. 
Signs of mechanics and artisans are permitted, but such signs shall be erected only on the premises where such persons are working and only during the period of time that such persons are performing work on the premises. The area on one side of any such sign shall not exceed six square feet.
J. 
The area, brilliance, character, color, degree, density, intensity, location and type of illumination of any sign shall be the minimum necessary to provide for the readability of the proposed sign by the public without shedding further illumination on nearby buildings. For internally lit signs, the average illumination shall not exceed 1/2 footcandle. For externally lit signs, the average illumination on the surface of such signs shall not exceed one footcandle. All sources of illumination shall be shielded or directed in such a manner that the direct rays therefrom are not cast upon any property other than the lot on which such illumination is situated. Illumination shall be steady in nature, not flashing, moving or changing in brilliance, color or intensity.
K. 
Occupational Safety and Health Administration approved safety colors shall be prohibited colors for use as colors of signs or sign illumination.
L. 
No signs except directional or traffic signals shall be permitted on public streets or rights-of-way.
M. 
Residential districts.
(1) 
The following types of signs and no others shall be permitted in residential districts:
(a) 
Official highway route number signs, street name signs, direction signs and other official traffic signs.
(b) 
Signs advertising the sale or rental of premises, and signs bearing the word "sold" or the word "rented" with the name and address of the persons effecting the sale or rental, provided that such signs may be erected only on the premises to which they relate and that the area on one side of any such sign shall not exceed nine square feet. Signs bearing the word "sold" or the word "rented" shall be removed within 30 days after being posted on the premises involved.
(c) 
Signs of schools, churches or other similar institutions, provided that the area of one side on any such sign shall not exceed 12 square feet and that not more than one such sign shall be placed on any lot or in contiguous lots owned by the same institution.
(d) 
Signs designating entrances or exits to or from parking areas for institutional or public uses, limited to one sign with a maximum area of two square feet for each such exit or entrance.
(e) 
Any sign erected by the Borough, county, state or federal government.
(f) 
Signs used for the protection of the public during construction or repairs.
(2) 
Illuminated facade signs are prohibited.
N. 
Signs are permitted in office and business districts as follows:
(1) 
All signs permitted by this article in residence districts are permitted.
(2) 
There shall be no more than one sign per business establishment with the exception of official signs, temporary signs and functional signs. If the establishment is located on a corner, with a window facing each street, two signs shall be permitted, provided one sign faces each street and they comply with all requirements of the sign code.
[Amended 12-20-2011 by Ord. No. 1374]
(3) 
Signs advertising an establishment or use no longer in existence or a product no longer available shall be removed within 10 days.
(4) 
Banners, spinners, flags and pennants shall be permitted for a two-week period during the opening of a new retail business or change of ownership upon application to the Zoning Enforcement Officer.
(5) 
No internally illuminated signs will be permitted anywhere except in the Highway Commercial District.
(6) 
Freestanding signs are prohibited in the Central Business, Business Commercial and Neighborhood Commercial Districts.
(7) 
In the Office, Professional Office and Professional Office/Residential Districts, freestanding signs shall not exceed 10 square feet. Such signs shall not exceed three feet six inches in height nor five feet in length, nor shall the overall sign structure exceed four feet from grade level.
(8) 
In the Highway Commercial District, freestanding signs are prohibited.
(9) 
In the Central Business, Neighborhood Commercial and Business Commercial Districts, sign lettering shall be of the serif or decorative styles and shall be compatible with the architectural features and facade of the building.
(10) 
In the Office, Professional Office and Professional Office/Residential Districts, sign lettering shall be of the serif style and shall be compatible with the architectural features and facade of the building.
(11) 
In the Highway Commercial District, sign lettering shall be of the serif or sans serif style and shall be compatible with the architectural features and facade of the building.
(12) 
The height of letter of any sign in any office or business district shall not exceed six inches.
(13) 
Painted signage on storefront display windows shall be of a permanent nature in gilt paint or gold leaf, and the height of letter on such signage shall not exceed four inches.
(14) 
The letters of awning signs shall not exceed four inches in height. Awning signs shall not project horizontally beyond the supporting awning. The bottom edge of an awning sign shall be not less than seven feet above the sidewalk or ground elevation. An illuminated awning sign is prohibited.
(15) 
Facade signs shall not project more than four inches from the building facade.
(16) 
Facade signs shall not exceed 1.5 square feet of sign/linear foot of building width but not greater than 24 square feet, inclusive of structural trim.
(17) 
Facade signs shall be applied to the building facade and shall not cover cornices, moldings, trim or other decorative features of the building.
(18) 
No signs shall project above the parapet or eaves of rooflines, whichever shall be the lowest part of the structure on which it is erected.
(19) 
Colors of signs shall be compatible with the colors of the building facade and shall be the certified historical colors of a nationally known paint company.
(20) 
All signs shall be kept in good repair, which shall include replacement or repair of broken or malfunctioning structural elements, casings, faces or lighting elements and maintenance of legibility.
O. 
Window lettering and signs shall be permitted only in the Highway Commercial, Neighborhood Commercial and Central Business Zones. For the purpose of enforcing this chapter, window lettering and signs shall be subject only to the following restrictions:
(1) 
All window lettering and signs shall be inside the window and shall be considered interior signs as defined in this chapter.
(2) 
Permanent window lettering or signs shall be permitted only if the rectangle or circle confining such lettering or sign, or the background upon which it appears, does not exceed 10% of the window area. Any painted area of any window shall be construed as window lettering or signs, whether or not such area actually contains lettering or advertising.
(3) 
The window lettering or sign shall pertain only to the establishment occupying that portion of the premises where the window is located.
(4) 
Temporary window lettering or signs advertising special sales or events shall be removed within seven days following the advertised event or within 30 days after erection, whichever is earlier. Such temporary window lettering or signs, in conjunction with any permanent window lettering or sign, shall not cover, in the aggregate, more than 25% of the window area. The owner shall notify the Borough Clerk's office of the date of installation of any temporary window lettering or signs; such notification shall also include the text.
(5) 
The following window lettering and signs are specifically prohibited:
(a) 
Those having an exterior source of illumination.
(b) 
Moving signs.
(6) 
All window lettering and signs shall be kept in good repair.
(7) 
The Construction Official shall have the authority to order the removal of any window lettering or sign which does not conform to these specifications. Any owner or tenant not complying within 72 hours of such an order shall be in violation of the provisions of this chapter and subject to penalties set forth therein.
P. 
Maintenance. All signs shall be properly maintained. Exposed surfaces shall be clean and painted, if paint is required. Defective parts shall be replaced. The Zoning Enforcement Officer shall have the right to order the repair or removal of any sign which is defective, damaged or substantially deteriorated.
Q. 
Illumination.
(1) 
In addition to complying with the provisions of this chapter, all signs in which electrical wiring and connections are to be used shall be subject to the applicable provisions of the Borough's Code.
(2) 
The use of unshielded lighting, including incandescent light bulbs hung or strung on poles, wires or any other type of support, to illuminate buildings, structures, outdoor sales areas or outdoor storage areas is prohibited except:
(a) 
During the month of December for areas in which Christmas trees are offered for sale.
(b) 
On a temporary basis for areas in which carnivals, fairs or other similar activities are held.
(c) 
On a temporary basis as otherwise determined appropriate by the Borough Council.
(3) 
A building or other structure may be illuminated, but all lighting used for this purpose must be designed, located, shielded and directed in such a manner that the light source is fixed and not directly visible from any adjacent publicly dedicated roadway and surrounding property.
(4) 
In no instance shall the lighting intensity of any sign, whether resulting from internal illumination or external illumination, exceed 20 footcandles when measured with a standard light meter perpendicular to the face of the sign from a distance measured one foot from the face of the sign.
(5) 
All signs shall be so designed, located, shielded and directed so as to prevent the casting of glare or direct light from artificial illumination upon adjacent public or private roadways and surrounding property.
(6) 
Signs shall be free of bright spots, and there shall be no exposed raceways or electrical conduits.
R. 
Neon signs and decorations.
[Added 9-2-1997 by Ord. No. 1015]
(1) 
Effective date; violation; construal of provisions.
(a) 
This subsection will take effect 60 days from its date of adoption.
(b) 
Violation of this subsection shall be subject to and governed by § 450-170 of the Code. Penalties for violations of this subsection shall be governed by § 450-171 of the Code.
(c) 
In all other respects not specifically addressed herein, neon signs and decorations shall comply with the terms, conditions and provisions of the Code of the Borough of Haddon Heights.
(2) 
Definitions. As used in this Subsection R, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
NEON
Includes any and all gases including inert gases or fluorescence and shall include but not be limited to code catho and fluorescent, except where limited elsewhere in this subsection.
SIGN
Includes the definition as set forth in § 450-11 of the Zoning and Land Development Ordinance but as pertaining to neon signs and decorations shall further include all window treatments making use of neon including borders, decorative trim or designs located in or on any premises for the purposes of attracting trade to the profession or business and which is visible from any public highway.
(3) 
Permitted use of neon signs and decorations.
(a) 
Neon signs and decorations are permitted in the following business districts:
[1] 
Highway Commercial (Black Horse Pike).
[2] 
Central Business (Station Avenue); provided, however, that neon signs and decorations are prohibited on any portion of the premises parallel to the White Horse Pike or Atlantic Avenue.
(b) 
All neon signs and decorations whether permitted or nonconforming shall comply with all applicable county, state or federal sign regulations and § 450-135A(1) through A(11) inclusively of the Code of the Borough of Haddon Heights.
(c) 
All neon sign and decoration applications shall be made in accordance with the Code of the Borough of Haddon Heights, § 450-135A(2). Applications for neon signs and decoration permits shall be submitted upon the form approved for the same and payment of the established fee. Said application shall require the owner of the premises and/or applicant to provide a picture, rendering or drawing of the proposed sign or decoration indicating size of sign, size of tubing, color of the sign or decoration and the nature of the gas or fluorescence contemplated for use and area of coverage.
(d) 
Neon signs and decorations permitted hereunder shall be limited to decorative elements and text of the name of the business, the applicant or owner.
(e) 
Neon signs and decorations shall be consistent with the design theme throughout the particular area in which the proposed sign is to be erected or installed.
(4) 
Prohibited use of neon signs and decorations.
(a) 
Neon signs and decorations are limited to the interior of windows or storefronts at the first floor level.
(b) 
Neon signs and decorations are to be illuminated only during the hours of business or operation of the applicant.
(c) 
Neon signs advertising brand names of products or services, including "OPEN," are prohibited.
(d) 
Cold catho and fluorescent signs and decorations are prohibited.
(e) 
Flashing, blinking, twinkling, animated, moving, rotating or projecting neon signs and/or decorations or any neon signs and/or decorations which presents an illusion of movement are prohibited.
S. 
Political signs must be removed within five days of any election and are not to be placed on Borough property.
[Added 12-21-2004 by Ord. No. 1184]
With every application for approval of a site plan, the applicant shall include a proposed exterior lighting plan showing the type, location, intensity (in footcandles), at ground level, effective radius and the manufacturer's specifications for all light sources. The following design standards shall be followed:
A. 
Adequate light shall be provided to ensure the safe movement of persons and vehicles and for security purposes.
B. 
Streets; parking areas; intersections; points where various types of circulation systems merge, intersect or split; stairways; sloping or rising paths; and building entrances and exits require illumination. Lighting shall be provided where buildings are set back or offset if access is provided at such points.
C. 
Freestanding lights shall be so located and protected to avoid being easily damaged by vehicles. The height of such lights shall be the same as the principal building but shall not exceed 12 feet. Pathways, sidewalks and trails shall be lighted with low or mushroom-type standards. All lighting shall be serviced underground.
D. 
The style of the light and light standard shall be consistent with the architectural style of the principal building.
E. 
Freestanding lights in parking areas shall provide for nonglare recessed lens lights focused downward. Light fixtures shall be a shoebox design with a square nontapered pole.
F. 
All lights shall be arranged and shielded so as to restrict the maximum apex angle of the cone of illumination to 120° or to such lesser angle as may be required to shield the lights from the view to any nearby residential properties or the traveling public. Spotlight-type fixtures attached to buildings and visible to the public shall be prohibited. Where lights along property lines will be visible to adjacent residents, the lights shall be appropriately shielded and/or the mounting heights shall be reduced.
G. 
The intensity of light shall comply with the following standards:
(1) 
Parking lots: an average of 0.5 footcandle throughout.
(2) 
Intersections: not less than 0.3 footcandle throughout.
(3) 
At property line: not more than 0.1 footcandle.
(4) 
In residential areas: an average of 0.1 footcandle.
H. 
Pathways and sidewalks shall be lighted with low or mushroom-type standards not to exceed two feet in height.
I. 
Stairways, sloping or rising paths and building entrances and exits shall be illuminated.
A. 
No use, activity, operation or device generating airborne emissions shall be established, modified, constructed or used without having first obtained valid permits and certificates from the Bureau of Air Pollution Control, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, pursuant to N.J.A.C. 7:27-8. Specifically, no use, activity, operation or device shall be established, modified or constructed without a valid permit to construct. No use, activity, operation or device shall be operated, occupied or used without a valid certificate to operate control apparatus or equipment.
B. 
In addition to the requirements of the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, the following shall also apply:
(1) 
Particulate matter shall not be discharged into the outdoor air in a concentration exceeding 0.03 of a grain per cubic foot of gas at actual gas conditions unless a minimum of 95% of such particles leaving the process in the stack gas are removed from the gas prior to discharge. However, regardless of degree of gas cleaning, the following provisions shall apply:
(a) 
The concentrations of solid particles shall not exceed 0.05 of a grain per cubic foot at 600° F. and one atmosphere pressure.
(b) 
No more than 3% by weight of the particles discharged shall equal or exceed 44 microns in diameter.
(c) 
No more than 20 pounds of particulate matter per hour shall be discharged into the outdoor air from any single source.
(2) 
Visible emission, such as smoke, the shade or appearance of which is darker than No. 1 on the Ringelmann Smoke Chart, shall not be discharged into the open air from any fuel-burning equipment; provided, however, that smoke emitted during the clearing of a firebox or the building of a new fire, the shade or appearance of which is not darker than No. 2 on the Ringelmann Smoke Chart, shall be permitted for a period or periods aggregating no more than three minutes in any 15 consecutive minutes.
A. 
Standard. Noise shall be measured with a sound level meter complying with the standards of the American National Standards Institute, American Standards Specifications for General Purpose Sound Level Meters (ANSI S1.4-1961 or its latest revisions). The instrument shall be set to the A-weighted response scale and the meter to the slow response. Measurements shall be conducted in accordance with American Standard Method for the Physical Measurements of Sound (ANSI S1.2-1961).
B. 
Noise level restrictions. Except as specified hereinafter, noise shall not exceed the maximum sound levels specified in the following table:
Performance Category
Maximum Level
Permitted
(dBA)
Where Measured
Residence districts
7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m.
65
On the lot line
9:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m.
55
On the lot line
All other districts
65
On the lot line or district boundary
C. 
Exclusions and permitted variations.
(1) 
The levels specified in the table may be exceeded once by 10 dB in a single period of 15 minutes during any one day.
(2) 
Peak values of short duration, also known as "impact noises," may exceed the value specified in the table by 20 dB or have a maximum noise level of 75 dBA, whichever is more restrictive.
(3) 
Noises such as alarms, sirens and emergency warning devices are excluded from the above limitations.
A. 
Allowable illumination. Any operation or activity producing intense glare, except for emergency procedures, shall be conducted so that direct and indirect illumination from the source shall not exceed 0.3 of a footcandle in any residence zone. Flickering and intense sources of light shall be controlled so as not to cause a nuisance across adjacent lot lines.
B. 
Heat. Sources of heat, including but not limited to steam, gases, vapors, products of combustion or chemical reactions, shall not discharge onto or directly contact structures, plant life or animal life on neighboring lots or impair the function or operation of a neighboring use. No use, occupation, activity, operation or device shall cause an increase in ambient temperature, as measured on any property line.
A. 
All outdoor storage facilities for fuel and refuse shall be enclosed by an approved safety fence and suitable landscaping to screen such areas from public view and shall conform to all yard requirements imposed by the Land Development Ordinance of Haddon Heights Borough upon the principal buildings in the zone.
B. 
No materials, wastes or other substances shall be stored or maintained upon a lot so as to prevent natural runoff from such areas from impairing the existing water quality of any stream, watercourse or aquifer.
C. 
All materials or wastes which might cause fumes or dust or which constitute a fire hazard or which may be edible or otherwise attractive to rodents or insects shall be stored outdoors only if enclosed in containers which are adequate to eliminate such hazards.
D. 
Disposal of hazardous waste materials shall not be permitted in Haddon Heights.
E. 
Outside storage of raw materials and products is prohibited.
Storm drainage, sanitary waste disposal, water supply and solid waste collection and disposal shall be reviewed and considered. Particular emphasis shall be given to the adequacy of existing systems and the need for improvements onsite, offsite and off tract to adequately carry runoff and sewage and to maintain an adequate supply of water at sufficient pressure. The design and location of all utilities shall be based on Borough standards and those of the public utility having primary jurisdiction. All plans shall be approved by the Borough Engineer and shall be in accordance with those detail and design standards on file with the Borough Clerk.
A. 
The site plan shall provide for those elements of street furniture appropriate to the particular use. These are the functional elements of the environment and include benches, planting boxes, mail- and meter boxes, lighting standards, directional signs, bollards (posts), fire hydrants, powerlines, fences and walls, water fountains and pools, drinking fountains, trash receptacles, bike racks, sculpture, paving and steps. The street furniture plan shall include location, size, lighting and design relationship.
B. 
Certain street furniture is functional in nature and shall be located at points of demand.
C. 
Trash receptacles shall be located near recreational activities, at street corners, at entrances and exits to buildings and where people naturally congregate, such as under streetlights. Open-weave receptacles shall not be permitted.
In order to duplicate as nearly as possible natural drainage conditions, regulations and control of stormwater runoff and erosion for any land area to be developed shall be through on-site water detention and/or ground absorption systems which include but are not limited to the following:
A. 
Detention areas which may be depressions in parking areas with catch basins, excavated basins created through use of curbs, stabilized earth berms or dikes or any other form of grading which serve to temporarily impound and store water.
B. 
Rooftop storage through temporary impoundment and storage of stormwater on flat or slightly pitched building rooftops by use of drain outlets which restrict the stormwater runoff from the roof surface.
C. 
Dry wells or leaching (infiltration) basins which control stormwater runoff through absorption and temporary storage.
D. 
Porous pavement, concrete lattice blocks or gravel, which preserve the natural ground absorption capacity of a site and provides a subsurface reservoir for temporary storage of stormwater.
E. 
Any system of porous media, such as grass swales or gravel trenches drained by porous wall or perforated pipe, that temporarily stores and dissipates stormwater through ground absorption.
F. 
Any combination of the above-mentioned techniques and others which serve to limit stormwater runoff from a given site to what presently occurs there.