Town of Coventry, RI
Kent County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
The following words, terms and phrases, when used in this chapter, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
ABANDONED VEHICLE
A vehicle that applicable state laws deem to have been abandoned.
AGRICULTURAL SOLID WASTE
The solid waste that results from the rearing and slaughtering of animals and the processing of animal products and orchard and field crops.
BARRELS
Clean refuse containers weighing no more than 55 pounds.
BOARD or ADVISORY BOARD
The Solid Waste Management Advisory Board appointed pursuant to Article II of this chapter.
BULKY WASTE
Items whose large size precludes or complicates their handling by normal collection, processing or disposal methods.
BURNING
Any burning of domestic garbage, domestic trash, waste materials from the construction or demolition of buildings, paper and cardboard products, newspapers, grass or hedge clippings, leaves, branches and vines.
CELLULOSE NET SHEETING
One-hundred-percent biodegradable mesh sheeting made from cellulose yarn with built-in drawstring.
COLLECTION
The act of removing solid waste from the primary source to the central storage point.
COMMERCIAL SOLID WASTE
Solid waste generated by stores, offices and other activities that do not actually turn out a product.
COMPOSTING
The process of accelerated biodegradation and stabilization of organic material under controlled conditions.
DEAD ANIMALS
Animals that have died from any cause, except those slaughtered or killed for human use.
DIRECTOR
The duly qualified and appointed person in charge of the division which is responsible for the administrative management of this chapter.
DISPOSAL
The orderly process of discarding useless or unwanted materials.
DIVISION OF SOLID WASTE
The division of this Town charged with the administrative management of this chapter.
DOMESTIC GARBAGE
All putrescible solid and semisolid household waste of animal or vegetable matter from the preparation, cooking and serving of food; and tin cans, bottles, newspapers and other paper products.
DOMESTIC TRASH
Domestic refuse other than garbage. It shall include paper and cardboard products, newspapers, grass and hedge clippings, leaves, branches and vines, provided that such branches and vines are not more than three feet long and three inches in diameter.
DUMP
A land site where solid waste is disposed of in a manner that does not protect the environment.
ENERGY RECOVERY
The obtaining of energy available from the heat generated when solid waste is incinerated.
ENFORCEMENT AGENCY
The Department of Public Safety and Welfare of the Town, charged with the enforcement of those aspects of this chapter related to the protection of the public safety, health, welfare and environment.
GENERATION
The act or process of producing solid waste.
HAZARDOUS WASTE
Those wastes that require special handling to avoid illness or injury to persons or damage to property.
HOME SCRAP
Scrap that never leaves the manufacturing operation and is routinely reprocessed, also referred to as revert scrap, millbroke or turnaround scrap.
INCINERATION
The controlled process by which solid, liquid or gaseous combustible wastes are burned and changed into gases, where the residue produced contains little or no combustible material.
INCINERATOR
An engineered apparatus used to burn waste substances, in which all the factors of combustible temperature, retention time, turbulence and combustion air can be controlled.
INDUSTRIAL SOLID WASTE
Solid waste that results from industrial processes and manufacturing.
INSTITUTIONAL SOLID WASTE
Solid waste originating from educational, health care or research facilities.
LEAF AND YARD WASTE COLLECTION SEASON
The autumn leaf season beginning the second to the last full week of October and ending the second full week of December.
LEAVES
Seasonal depositions by deciduous and coniferous trees, shrubs and brush.
LOCAL COMPOSTING PROGRAM
A composting program with the mandatory separation of certain leaf and yard waste material from the garbage or trash by the residents of the Town and the collection of these yard waste material. The collection of the separated compostable leaf and yard waste material shall be made periodically under the supervision of the Director of Public Works.
LOCAL RECYCLING PROGRAM
A recycling program for municipal solid waste, as set forth in a local recycling plan approved by the state pursuant to the municipal recycling regulations, as amended.
MIXED RECYCLABLES
Recyclable materials which are required to be removed from municipal solid waste at the source and placed in or on top of the set-out container provided by the state for transport to the nearest material recovery facility for recycling.
MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE
Solid waste generated by the residents of a municipality in the course of their daily living, the disposal of which the governing body of the municipality has undertaken in the discharge of its duties to protect the health of the municipality. Municipal solid waste does not include solid waste generated by residents of a municipality in the course of their employment, or that generated by any manufacturing or commercial enterprise.
NATURAL RESOURCES
Materials which have useful physical or chemical properties which exist, unused, in nature.
PAPER LEAF BAGS
A paper sack of up to 30 gallons' capacity and meeting specifications set by the Public Works Department.
POLLUTION
The condition caused by the presence in the environment of substances of such character and in such quantities that the quality of the environment is impaired or rendered offensive to life.
PROCESSING
Any method, system or other treatment designed to change the physical form or chemical content of solid waste.
PROMPT INDUSTRIAL SCRAP
Scrap that is generated during the manufacturing of a product.
RECOVERED RESOURCES
Materials which still have useful physical or chemical properties after serving a specific purpose and which can, therefore, be reused or recycled for the same or other purposes.
RECOVERY
The process of obtaining material or energy resources from solid waste. The words "extraction," "reclamation" and "salvage" are synonymous for the word "recovery."
RECYCLABLE MATERIALS
Materials separated from municipal solid waste for reuse as specified by the Director of the Department of Environmental Management, and listed in Section 4 of the municipal recycling regulations or within this chapter. The materials to be included may change from time to time depending upon new technologies, economic conditions, waste stream characteristics, environmental effects, or mutual agreement between the state and municipalities.
RECYCLING
The process by which recovered resources are transformed into new products in such a manner that the original products lose their identity.
RENDERING
A process of recovering fatty substances from animal parts by heat treatment, extraction and distillation.
REPROCESSING
The action of changing the condition of a secondary material.
RESIDENT
Anyone residing in the Town for any period of time who has generated solid waste at a location for which the Town accepts responsibility for disposal.
RESIDENTIAL SOLID WASTE
All solid waste that normally originates in a residential environment.
REUSE
The reintroduction of a commodity into an economic stream without any change.
SALVAGE
The utilization of waste materials.
SANITARY LANDFILL
A site where solid waste is disposed using sanitary landfilling techniques.
SANITARY LANDFILLING
An engineered method of disposing of solid waste on land in a manner that protects the environment by spreading the waste in thin layers, compacting it to the smallest volume, and covering it with soil at the end of each working day.
SCAVENGING
The uncontrolled removal of materials at any point in the solid waste stream.
SCRAP
Discarded or rejected material or parts of material that result from manufacturing operations and are suitable for reprocessing or recycling.
SECONDARY MATERIAL
A material that is utilized in place of a primary or raw material in manufacturing a product.
SEPARATION
The systematic division of solid waste into designated components.
SOLID WASTE
Garbage, refuse and other discarded solid materials generated by residential, institutional, commercial, industrial and agricultural sources, but not including solids or dissolved material in domestic sewage or sewage sludge, nor hazardous waste as defined in the Hazardous Waste Management Act, G.L. 1956, Ch. 19.1.[1]
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
The purposeful, systematic control of the generation, storage, collection, transport, separation, processing, recovering and disposal of solid waste.
SOURCE SEPARATION
The removal by the generator of recyclable materials, including mixed recyclables, from all other solid waste generated by the household, and conveyance of the recyclables to the curbside or other designated location by the generator of such recyclables.
STORAGE
The interim containment of solid waste, in an approved manner, after generation and prior to ultimate disposal.
TRANSFER STATION
A site at which solid waste is concentrated and then taken to a processing facility or sanitary landfill.
TRANSPORT
The movement of solid waste subsequent to collection.
WHITE GOODS
Major kitchen or laundry appliances, including but not limited to stoves, washers, refrigerators and dryers. Nothing in this definition shall waive compliance with the rules and regulations for generation, transportation, storage and disposal of hazardous waste.
YARD WASTE
Grass clippings, weeds and hedge clippings.
[1]
Editor's Note: See R.I.G.L. § 23-19.1-1 et seq.