Village of Maple Bluff, WI
Dane County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
A. 
The purpose of these requirements is to assemble the minimum parking area requirements into one publication which is easy to administer. The requirements include the minimum number of spaces, size and layout of parking areas, handicap parking and landscaping.
B. 
Compliance with these standards and specifications meets the minimum requirements of this chapter. Compliance will also fulfill the requirements of § 346.503, Wis. Stats., with respect to parking spaces for vehicles displaying special registration plates or special identification cards.
C. 
The parking area landscaping requirements do not supersede or replace the design requirements of this chapter. Additional landscaping may be required of applicants under the provisions of design review.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Arts. V and VI of this chapter.
D. 
These standards shall apply and be enforced under the following conditions:
(1) 
The landscape standards shall be applied to new parking lots for four or more vehicles.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(2) 
The landscape standards shall be applied to existing parking lots for four or more vehicles serving a rebuilt or renovated building or building undergoing an addition that will increase the estimated market value of the building and/or the gross floor area of the building by more than 50%.[3]
[3]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(3) 
Additions to existing parking lots shall be governed by the following:
(a) 
If an existing parking lot is increased in gross area (paved) by 50% or more, the entire parking lot shall comply with the requirements contained herein.
(b) 
If an existing parking lot is increased in gross area (paved) by less than 50%, only that portion of the parking lot that is added shall be required to conform to the requirements herein.
The following items must be indicated, located and dimensioned on plans for parking areas for four or more spaces before building permits will be issued. All plans shall be scaled drawings at one inch equals 20 feet or larger. The applicant shall provide three duplicates of all plan sets.
A. 
Property lines, existing and proposed structures, parking surfaces, and existing and proposed vegetation. Landscape elements and trees should be drawn to the scale equal to their growth within five years of construction.
B. 
Width of abutting rights-of-way, streets and terraces.
C. 
Location of driveway approaches, existing, proposed and adjoining.
D. 
Proposed driveway radii.
E. 
Type of surface: driveway approach, driveway, and parking lot.
F. 
Proposed routing of motor vehicles entering and leaving.
G. 
Proposed treatment of right-of-way area adjacent to or between approaches.
H. 
Rate of slope or grade of approaches and driveways.
I. 
Utility poles, fire hydrants, trees or other structures to be moved.
J. 
Means of separation between parking lot and sidewalk.
K. 
Number, arrangement and size of parking stalls.
L. 
Proposed parking facility lighting, including location, pole height, type of luminaire and manufacturer's specifications.
M. 
Indicate elevation of existing site to Village datum. Elevations are to be spotted at intervals of 25 feet or one-foot contours.
N. 
Location, elevation and size of available storm sewers. If no storm sewers are available, the owner is to include the elevations of the top of curb.
O. 
If the street is unimproved, the plot plan is to indicate the location and elevation of the drainage ditches abutting the site and proposed street center-line elevation.
P. 
Proposed method of drainage, including the following:
(1) 
Proposed finished elevations of parking lot, including direction of drainage and elevations of proposed gutters or swales.
(2) 
Elevations, location and size of inlets, catch basins and storm sewers to be constructed in conjunction with this project.
Accessory off-street parking spaces shall be provided as set forth in the following standards.
A. 
Residential uses. Number of required parking spaces per lodging room or dwelling unit:
(1) 
Efficiency unit: 1.00.
(2) 
One-bedroom unit: 1.50.
(3) 
Two-bedroom unit: 2.00.
(4) 
Three- or more bedroom unit: 2.00.
B. 
Commercial uses.
(1) 
The following commercial uses shall provide one parking space for each 300 square feet of gross floor area:
(a) 
Banks and financial institutions.
(b) 
Business and professional offices.
(c) 
Medical, dental and optical clinics.
(d) 
Retail stores and service uses (except for retail stores and service uses specifically mentioned elsewhere in this section).
(2) 
Restaurants shall provide at least one parking space for each three seats based on capacity design or, where there is no design layout, one space for each 35 square feet of gross floor area.
C. 
Community facilities and institutional uses.
(1) 
Libraries, art galleries and museums shall provide one space for each 800 square feet of gross floor area.
(2) 
Churches, synagogues, or other religious meeting places shall provide one parking space for each five seats in the main sanctuary or meeting area. Where seats are not fixed, each seven square feet of gross area usable for seating in the main meeting area shall be considered equivalent to one seat.
(3) 
Places of assembly, recreation, entertainment and amusement, including but not limited to bowling alleys, swimming pools, skating rinks, gymnasiums, racquetball and tennis clubs, and community centers, shall provide parking spaces equivalent to 100% of the maximum capacity of the facility as determined by the State Building Code. Adjustments may be granted under the provisions of § 225-74, Adjustments to parking requirements, of this article where the applicant can demonstrate that a lesser number of spaces would meet the needs of the facility.
(4) 
Standards and specifications contained in § 225-74, Adjustments to parking regulations, provide that adjustments in the minimum number of spaces may be authorized by the Building Board where the applicant can document shared facility arrangements with neighboring uses or where there are documented shared-ride or carpooling programs.
A. 
Size of parking spaces. Standard size for parking stalls shall be 9.0 feet by 18.0 feet.
B. 
Layout of parking areas. The layout and dimension of parking areas shall conform to the parking design standards as shown on Figure 1 of Appendix I.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Appendix I is included at the end of this chapter.
A. 
Surfacing. All open off-street parking areas for vehicles shall be improved with a hard surface of bituminous or Portland cement concrete pavement, paving brick, or other impervious material. Gravel-surfaced parking areas or parking access drives are not acceptable surfaces. All parking area surfaces must be maintained in good condition capable of holding striping.
B. 
Drainage. All parking areas for four or more vehicles shall be graded according to a drainage plan designed and installed in accordance with accepted engineering practice, which may include catch basins, sumps and underground storm sewers. All drainage plans shall be reviewed and approved by the Village.
C. 
Striping. All parking stalls on parking areas for four or more vehicles shall be clearly striped with white or yellow stripes a minimum of three inches wide. Such striping shall delineate parking stall dimensions consistent with the stall number and size requirements of the Village of Maple Bluff.
D. 
Lighting. Illumination of off-street parking areas shall be established and directed so as not to be cast directly upon public rights-of-way, occupied structures, or neighboring properties or to be illuminated in intensity, color, or character in a manner that is likely to be seriously disturbing to neighboring properties. Lights for illuminating parking and loading areas shall not have an intensity at the property line of more than three footcandles.
A. 
Number of spaces.
(1) 
The owner or lessee of any public accomodation or place of employment required to provide more than 25 spaces shall reserve parking spaces for motor vehicles used by physically disabled persons as follows:[1]
(a) 
At least one space for a facility offering 26 to 49 spaces.
(b) 
At least 2% of all spaces for a facility offering 50 to 1,000 spaces.
(c) 
At least an additional 1% for each 1,000 spaces over the first 1,000.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
(2) 
The owner or lessee of a parking facility which is ancillary to a residential building and restricted wholly or in part to use by tenants of the building shall, at the request of a physically disabled tenant, reserve a parking space in the facility for use by a motor vehicle used by the physically disabled tenant.
B. 
Stall size and location. Handicapped stalls shall be at least 12 feet wide and located as close as possible to an entrance which allows a physically disabled person to enter and leave the principal building or use area.
C. 
Handicapped parking signs. All required handicapped parking spaces shall be posted with signs as follows:
(1) 
Handicapped parking signs shall consist of a white rectangle with longer dimension vertical, having green message, a green arrow, if required under this section, and a blue and white international symbol for the barrier-free environments. The sign may be reflective or nonreflective.
(2) 
The sign shall include the words "reserved parking" and the words "vehicles with VET or DIS plates or state disabled card" or other words with similar meaning.
(3) 
The size of the sign shall be not less than 12 inches by 18 inches.
(4) 
A right arrow, left arrow or words "this stall" or similar wording shall be included near the bottom of the sign.
(5) 
Each sign shall be erected on an adequate support. The vertical distance from the parking lot surface to the bottom of a sign shall be not less than four feet. A single sign with the message "this space" or similar wording shall be used to designate a single reserved space. At least two signs are required for multiple reserved spaces. When two signs are used, they shall be located at the outermost limits of the spaces reserved and, by arrow, designate the location of the reserved spaces. A sign shall be located at the end of an angled or right-angled space and shall be set to face a motorist entering the space.
All open off-street parking areas for four or more vehicles will require landscaping. The standards herein are designated to provide flexibility in meeting the landscape requirement. Applicants can establish a landscape design which most effectively achieves the desired aesthetic result and is consistent with the need of providing readily accessible and visible parking. (See Figures 2 and 3 of Appendix I.[1])
A. 
Landscaping objectives.
(1) 
The objectives of the landscape standards are to recognize both the functional importance of parking areas and the public benefits associated with well-designed landscaped areas which enhance the visual environment, promote public safety, moderate the microclimate and reduce nuisances, such as noise and glare.
(2) 
The overall intent of the landscape standards is to soften the visual and other sensory impacts. This can be achieved through the use of large canopy trees and well-designed clustered plantings as opposed to the requirement of screening the entire perimeter with a hedge or fence.
B. 
Minimum canopy tree and parking space requirements.
(1) 
All off-street vehicular parking areas with more than six vehicles shall provide and maintain one canopy-type tree for each 12 parking spaces, or fraction thereof, over the initial six spaces. Canopy trees shall be located in tree islands or within 10 feet of the periphery of the parking area surface. The preservation of desirable existing trees is encouraged. Existing mature trees which are a minimum of two inches to 2 1/2 inches in caliper and are within the distance requirements may be applied toward the canopy standard. All newly planted canopy trees must also have a minimum caliper of two inches to 2 1/2 inches.
(2) 
Parking spaces must be broken by a tree island at the rate of one tree island for each linear row of 12 parking spaces, for single-row configurations, or for each 24 parking spaces in double-row configurations.
Schedule for Canopy Tree Standards
Number of Stalls
Trees Required
1 to 6
0
7 to 18
1
19 to 30
2
31 to 42
3
43 to 54
4
55 to 66
5
67 to 78
6
79 to 90
7
91 to 102
8
103 to 114
9
Over 114
9 plus 1 for each 12 spaces or fraction thereof
C. 
Screening standards for parking areas adjacent to residentially zoned parcels.
(1) 
In the following situations there shall be a screening barrier for the purpose of obstructing light beams and muffling noise:
(a) 
Where an off-street parking area for four or more vehicles abuts within 25 feet of an adjoining lot line in any residential zoning district ("A" or "B").
(b) 
Where an off-street parking area for four or more vehicles is located in a manner where nearby residentially zoned properties would be affected by headlight glare (i.e., directly across a public right-of-way).
(2) 
The effective height of the barrier shall be a minimum of three feet above the surface of the parking area. Such a barrier may consist of wood or masonry fencing, walls, berming, or the use of plant material. Where plant materials are used for screening, they shall be of suitable size and density to accomplish the screening objective within three years from the time of planting.
D. 
Minimum landscape element standards. In addition to the requirements for canopy trees and residential screening, all parking areas shall be required to accumulate a minimum number of points. The number of points required is based on the number of parking spaces. Parking areas for four or more vehicles are required to accumulate 15 points for each space. To qualify for points, the landscape elements must be located in a manner which primarily meets the objectives of landscaping parking areas. The criteria used to determine which landscape elements qualify are perimeters adjacent to public rights-of-way, interior areas and immediate perimeters to the parking area, and perimeter of lots adjacent to other property. Landscaping which primarily serves the aesthetic enhancement of the building and related open areas will not qualify for the accumulation of points. Points are tabulated in the following manner:
Point Schedule for Landscape Elements
Landscape Element
Minimum Planted Size
Points
Canopy trees
2 to 2 1/2 inches or 1 1/2 to 2 inches for multistem trees
50
Canopy trees
1 1/2 to 2 inches or 8 to 10 feet
30
Evergreen trees
4 feet
30
Low ornamental trees
5 feet and BB stock
20
Tall shrubs
2 1/2 to 4 feet
9
Medium shrubs
17 to 36 inches
6
Low shrubs
15 to 24 inches
3
Walls, decorative fences, earth berms, ground covers and shrubs with a mature height of less than 2 feet
No fixed points
Notes:
a.
Trees used to meet the canopy standard and landscape materials used to meet the screening of abutting and residentially zoned property may not be applied toward the minimum landscape element standards.
b.
To qualify for the points indicated, trees and shrubs shall be of good nursery stock and not less than the minimum required planting size.
c.
The following publication will be used to determine which plants are low ornamental trees and tall/medium/low shrubs: A Guide to Selecting Landscape Plants for Wisconsin, E.R. Haselkus, UW-Extension Publication A2865.
d.
The planting plan list shall include the size of the material to be planted. All landscape plants shall be delineated on the landscape plan and include the crown width the plant will achieve five years after plan implementation.
e.
The application may request points for decorative fences, earth berms, ground covers, existing vegetation and shrubs of the mature height of not less than two feet. It must be demonstrated by the applicant that these landscape elements will contribute to the overall landscape objectives. The number of points credited will be negotiated with the Village Administrator or his/her designee and subject to review by the Building Board.
E. 
Minimum dimensions for tree islands and planted areas.
(1) 
All tree islands and landscaped areas with trees shall have a minimum width of four feet measured from inside the curb or frame.
(2) 
All landscaped areas without trees but planted with shrubs shall have a minimum width of three feet measured from inside the curb or frame.
F. 
Unsuitable species. Several shrubs and trees, which are not native to Wisconsin, have an established history of spreading to nearby parks and conservancy areas. These non-native plants tend to become overly abundant and ultimately eliminate many desirable native species. The control and eradication of these unsuitable plants create a costly management problem. The following species of plant material are unsuitable for use as landscape plants:
(1) 
Honeysuckle: Lonicera x-bella, Lonicera marrawi, Lonicera tartaric.
(2) 
Buckthorn (common): Rhamnus cathartica, Rhamnus frangula (tall hedge).
(3) 
Norway Maple: Acer negcindo.
[1]
Editor's Note: Appendix I is included at the end of this chapter.
A. 
Adjustments in the minimum number of spaces may be authorized by the Building Board where the applicant can document shared facilities arrangements with neighboring uses or where there are documented shared-ride or carpooling programs. The documentation for the joint use of shared parking facilities must be in the form of an easement or contract between property owners specifying the number of shared parking spaces and the terms and conditions of the joint usage of parking areas and access.
B. 
The Building Board may authorize stalls sized for smaller vehicles (eight feet by 16 feet) where the number of stalls being provided exceeds the minimum number required and where all of the minimum required stalls are full sized (nine feet by 18 feet).
C. 
The Building Board may authorize adjustments to the requirements where literal compliance with the specifications and standards would make the parking lot landscaping ineffective or unnecessary. Topographic constraints, existing vegetation, traffic safety, or compliance with fire or other public safety requirements may necessitate adjustments. The applicant should be prepared to respond to the following criteria in requesting an adjustment:
(1) 
The specific conditions which are unique to the applicant's land and do not exist on other land.
(2) 
The manner in which the strict application of the standards would deprive the applicant of a reasonable use of the land in the manner equivalent to the use permitted other landowners.
(3) 
Reasons that an adjustment to the standard would preserve, not harm, the public safety and welfare and will not alter the essential character of the area.