It is hereby declared a matter of public policy that the regulation of sites of special character, aesthetic, archaeological or historic interest or value is a public necessity and is required in the interest of the health, safety, and general welfare of the community. The purpose of this article is to:
Effect and accomplish the protection, enhancement, and preservation of any property that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Wisconsin or the State Register of Historic Places.
Safeguard the Village's historic, prehistoric and cultural heritage, as embodied and reflected in such sites.
Stabilize and improve property values and enhance the visual and aesthetic character of the Village.
Protect and enhance the Village's attractions to residents, tourists and visitors.
The definitions for the purpose of this article shall be as follows:
- CERTIFICATE OF APPROPRIATENESS
- The certificate issued by the Committee approving alteration, rehabilitation, construction, reconstruction or demolition of a historic site.
- The Historic Preservation Committee created under this article.
- HISTORIC SITE
- Any property that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Wisconsin or the State Register of Historic Places.
The Village Building Board is hereby designated as the Historic Preservation Committee.
Regulation of construction, reconstruction, alteration and demolition.
No owner or person in charge of an historic site shall reconstruct, alter or demolish all or any part of the exterior of such property or construct any improvement upon such designated property or properties or cause or permit any such work to be performed upon such property or demolish such property unless a certificate of appropriateness has been granted by the Historic Preservation Committee. Also, unless such certificate has been granted by the Committee, the Building Inspector shall not issue a permit for any such work.
Upon filing of any application for a certificate of appropriateness, the Committee shall approve the application unless:
In the case of a designated historic site, the proposed work would detrimentally change, destroy or adversely affect any exterior feature of the improvement or site upon which said work is to be done.
In the case of the construction of a new improvement upon an historic site, the exterior of such improvement would adversely affect or not harmonize with the external appearance of other neighboring improvements on such site.
The building or structure is of such architectural or historical significance that its demolition would be detrimental to the public interest and contrary to the general welfare of the people of the Village and state.
In the case of a request for the demolition of a deteriorated building or structure, any economic hardship or difficulty claimed by the owner is self-created or is the result of any failure to maintain the property in good repair.
If the Committee determines that the application for a certificate of appropriateness and the proposed changes are consistent with the character and features of the property, it shall issue the certificate of appropriateness. The Committee shall make this decision within 45 days of the filing of the application.
The issuance of a certificate of appropriateness shall not relieve the applicant from obtaining other permits and approvals required by the Village. A building permit or other municipal permit shall be invalid if it is obtained without the presentation of the certificate of appropriateness required for the proposed work.
Ordinary maintenance and repair may be undertaken without a certificate of appropriateness, provided that the work involves repairs to existing features of an historic site or the replacement of elements of a structure with pieces identical in appearance and provided that the work does not change the exterior appearance of the structure or site and does not require the issuance of a building permit.
Appeals. Should the Committee fail to issue a certificate of appropriateness due to the failure of the proposal to conform to the guidelines, the applicant may appeal such decision to the Village Board within 30 days. In addition, if the Committee fails to issue a certificate of appropriateness, the Committee shall, with the cooperation of the applicant, work with the applicant in an attempt to obtain a certificate of appropriateness within the guidelines of this chapter.