[HISTORY: Adopted by the Township Committee of the Township of Waterford 6-25-1997 by Ord. No. 97-13. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Personnel policies — See Ch. 44.
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- PUBLIC EMPLOYEE
- Shall include any employee of the Township of Waterford and shall
include any elected or appointed official, counsel or special counsel, or
any officer, employee or servant, whether or not compensated, who is authorized
to perform any act or service for the Township of Waterford. The term "public
employee" shall also include persons formerly holding office or employment,
provided the events giving rise to a cause of action or claim hereunder conform
to the requirements herein established.[Amended 6-9-2004 by Ord. No. 204-7]
- The means by which such public employee may respond to any suit, allegation or cause of action. The Township of Waterford shall provide the defense of any action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative, including a cross action, counterclaim or cross complaint against any public employee because of any act or omission of that employee in the scope of his or her employment and shall defray all costs of defending such action, including reasonable counsel fees and expenses, together with costs of appeal, if any, excepting actions, suits or proceedings brought by the Township of Waterford against any such employee. Expressly exempted from this chapter providing defense and indemnification to public employees of the Township of Waterford are any charges, allegations or actions of whatever nature asserted by the Township of Waterford against its own public employees.
- To secure against loss or damage which may occur in the future or to provide compensation for or to repair loss or damage already suffered; to insure; to save harmless.
The Mayor and Committee for the Township of Waterford finds as follows:
The State of New Jersey, through the passage of the Tort Claims Act, as amended and supplemented, from time to time (N.J.S.A. 59:1-1 et seq.) has determined the circumstances under which claims may be made against public entities and their officials, employees and servants.
Said Tort Claims Act also specifies under what circumstances a public entity may defend and indemnify its officials, employees and servants.
The Mayor and Committee for the Township of Waterford hereby provides, under certain circumstances, for the defense and indemnification of its officers, employees and servants in the good faith performance of their duties and responsibilities.
Such defense and indemnification are especially appropriate for members of appointed boards who serve the Township of Waterford without monetary compensation.
The indemnification of municipal employees is also expressly designed to avoid a conflict between the employer and the employee when claims are lodged. The Supreme Court for the State of New Jersey has noted that because the law does not require, but does permit, indemnification of local public entity employees, conflicts of interest may arise in the absence of such indemnification where an entity and an employee are both sued for compensatory damages in, for example, a civil rights action and both employ the same attorney to defend. Likewise, the Court pointed out such conflict could arise because the employee is liable for punitive damages and the entity is not. (See Petition for Review of Opinion 552. 102 N.J. 194.) Accordingly, this indemnification policy is also intended to increase the efficiency and reduce the costs of defending the Township of Waterford and its employees and agents in the event of such actions.
Whenever a civil action shall be brought against any person holding an office, position or employment with the Township of Waterford for any action or omission arising out of or in the course of the performance of the duties of such office, position or employment, the Township of Waterford shall provide payment of that portion of any exemplary or punitive damage award not otherwise covered by a policy of insurance. Note, however, that the Township of Waterford does not, by indemnifying its employees against punitive damage, indirectly or directly waive its own immunity against such claims. (See T&M Homes, Inc. v. Pemberton Twp., 190 N.J. Super. 637.)
Whenever a civil action shall be brought against any person holding an office, position or employment with the Township of Waterford for any action or omission arising out of or in the course of the performance of the duties of such office, position or employment, the Township of Waterford shall provide payment of that portion of any costs of defense of said action not covered by a policy of insurance. Whenever any insurance policy whose purpose is to provide the defense and indemnification of the Township of Waterford or its public employees is in dispute, the Township of Waterford will stand in the place of the insurance carrier, subject to all rights of subrogation, provide for the defense and indemnification of its employees as specified herein. Said public employee has an affirmative duty, to be eligible for said defense and indemnification, to cooperate with the Township of Waterford in any and all of its efforts to resolve any disputed insurance coverage.
By common law and the express provisions of this chapter, the Township of Waterford's authority to indemnify is limited to acts by public employees that are within the scope of their employment and which are not criminal, fraudulent, malicious or instances of willful misconduct. Additionally, the Township of Waterford will not provide the means for defense nor indemnify any public employee in those instances where the Township of Waterford has initiated the charges or action. In the event that any such public employee is charged with criminal charges and he or she is later acquitted, any application to recover the cost of his or her defense is expressly conditioned upon the ultimate determination of administrative charges which may or may not arise out of the same conduct or behavior. Notwithstanding all of the above, in the event that the Township of Waterford elects to assert such administrative charges and even if the employee should hereafter prevail, all such claims for reimbursement for costs of defense will be subjected to the controlling statutory and common law as opposed to this chapter.