Village of New Paltz, NY
Ulster County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of New Paltz by L.L. No. 21-1978 (Ch. 45 of the 1978 Code), as last amended by L.L. No. 1-2000. Subsequent amendments noted where applicable.]
[Amended 10-10-2012 by L.L. No. 9-2012]
The following rules shall be considered a part of the contract with every person who takes water supplied by the Village of New Paltz, and every person taking water shall be considered as having expressed his consent to be bound thereby:
A. 
All water rents are payable to the Village Treasurer quarterly on the first days of March, June, September, and December in each year.
B. 
A penalty or late charge shall be charged and added to the water rent in the amount of 5% of the amount of such rent for the first month and an additional amount of 1/2% thereof for each month or portion of a month thereafter that such water rent remains unpaid after it becomes due.
C. 
If bills remain unpaid 60 days after they become due, the water supply shall be shut off and will not be turned on again until all charges are paid and until payment in addition thereto of a charge set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees for turning on the water. Notice of intention to shut off the water supply shall be served by the Department of Public Works, or its representative, personally or by certified mail, return receipt requested, at least 10 days prior to the shutoff date upon the person or persons occupying the premises as determined from the latest assessment roll of the Village or the records of the Ulster County Clerk's office. Any person so served may, within eight days thereafter, file with the Village Treasurer a written notice of appeal and request for a hearing before the Board of Trustees if such person desires to contest the action. Except in case of emergency, the procedure shall be stayed until such time as a hearing is held by the Board of Trustees and a determination made. The notice of intention shall contain a statement setting forth the rights of the water user under this subsection.
[Amended 10-22-2014 by L.L. No. 13-2014]
D. 
No claim for damage or rebate shall be allowed by reason of the water being shut off.
E. 
No rebate shall be allowed for vacancy or disuse of water until notice has been given in writing to the Village Treasurer and the water turned off for a full quarter. In no case will rebate be allowed unless notice as aforesaid is given.
F. 
If a rebate is allowed for vacancy or disuse of water, there shall continue to be an annual charge set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees, for the rent of the service line.
[Amended 10-22-2014 by L.L. No. 13-2014]
A. 
The owner of any house, building or property used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purposes situated within the Village of New Paltz, and abutting on any street, alley or right-of-way in which there is now located or may in the future be located a public water main of the Village, is hereby required at his expense to connect such house or building directly with the Village water supply system in accordance with the provisions of this chapter within 90 days after the date of official notice to do so, provided that said public water main is within 100 feet of the property line and the connection to said public water main is feasible.
B. 
Application for water must be made to the Village Clerk-Treasurer. All work, material and method of installation insofar as they affect the water service shall be under the supervision of and approved by the Superintendent of Public Works or his authorized representative.
A. 
When an application has been approved, the connection with the water main shall be made as soon as practicable. All work, material and method of installation insofar as they affect the water service shall be under the supervision of and approval by the Superintendent of Public Works or his duly authorized representative.
B. 
Material for a Village water main shall be of brass, copper, cast iron, ductile iron, wrought iron, open-hearth iron, or steel, with appropriate approved fittings. Only 95-5 type solder shall be used inside buildings. All threaded ferrous pipes and fittings shall be galvanized or cement lined. When used underground in corrosive soil, all ferrous pipes and fittings shall be coal-tar enamel coated.
C. 
The pipes and tubing for the service line shall be type K copper tube with flared fittings. The water service pipe from the street main to the water distribution system for the building shall be of sufficient size to furnish an adequate flow of water to meet the requirements of the building at peak demand, and in no case shall be less than the tap at main and 3/4 inch service. The curb stop and connection to the street main shall be as approved by the Superintendent of Public Works.
D. 
After the trench has been properly dug to a depth of at least 4 1/2 feet by the property owner and notice thereof given to the Superintendent of Public Works, the Village shall make the connection with the water main. The Village shall furnish and maintain for each service all pipes and fittings to and including curb cock and shall also furnish, install, and maintain the proper meter and tap the main for the sum set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees for a three-fourths-inch connection and a sum set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees for a connection using a pipe larger than three-fourths inch in diameter. All the above materials shall remain the property of the Village.
[Amended 5-21-2008 by L.L. No. 3-2008; 10-22-2014 by L.L. No. 13-2014]
E. 
An application for the supervision and approval by the Superintendent of Public Works or his duly authorized representative for the connection with the water main made to premises outside of the incorporated boundaries of the Village shall be accompanied by a fee of:
[Added 10-9-2002 by L.L. No. 15-2002; 10-22-2014 by L.L. No. 13-2014]
(1) 
For residential premises located outside of an established water district of the Town of New Paltz: set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees; or
(2) 
For any nonresidential premises: set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees.
A. 
Original installation. The property owner shall be responsible for all costs and expenses incurred by the Village in making the tap in the water main, laying service to the curb box and installation of the curb box as well as the service on his property.
B. 
Maintenance. The Village shall be responsible for the maintenance, repair, and replacement of the curb box and the water service from the main to the curb box.
C. 
Meter maintenance and replacement.
(1) 
Owner's responsibility. Any damage to the meter by freezing, hot water or other negligence of the owner or persons in possession of premises shall be payable by the owner at cost. The owner or persons in possession of the premises shall pay the cost of testing a meter which is found not to be defective. The owner or persons in possession of the premises shall pay the cost of damage or repair within 30 days after a demand for payment is made by the Village Clerk-Treasurer. All charges for repair, replacement or testing of meters which remain unpaid on the first day of April next following the date the expense was incurred shall be added as a special assessment to the account of the owner of the premises on the real property tax roll of the Village of New Paltz for the fiscal year next following, unless within 30 days after the demand for payment is made by the Village Clerk-Treasurer the owner shall file an application with the Board of Trustees showing that the charge should not have been incurred and the Board of Trustees approves the rescission of the charge.
(2) 
Meters two inches and more. All water meters serviced by a two-inch pipe or larger are hereby required to be tested every five years and the expense of such testing and repair, if necessary, shall be paid by the applicant for water service and, if not paid, shall be billed to the owner of the property served in the event the applicant is not the owner.
No claim shall be valid against the Village by reason of the inadequacy or breakage of any service pipe, fittings or fixtures or arising out of any accident or damage that may result from shutting off the water for repairs of the mains, for new work or any purpose whatsoever.
The Superintendent of Public Works and other Village employees shall have the right to enter upon all premises supplied with water by the Village at all reasonable hours for the inspection of the pipes, hydrants, meters, draws, valve boxes, spigots, hose boxes and other attachments, and shall have the right and power to cut off the water service from the premises should the aforesaid pipes, fixtures or attachments, or any of them, be out of repair or not placed where the Superintendent of Public Works shall designate.
[Amended 10-9-2002 by L.L. No. 15-2002; 10-22-2014 by L.L. No. 13-2014]
All service pipes and fixtures, except the meter on the property owner's side of the curb box, shall be kept in good order and repair at all times at his own expense and, on failure to do so, the water may be cut off and kept off until such pipes and attachments are put in proper order and repair and the expense of cutting off and turning on the water is paid to the Village Clerk-Treasurer by the owner. The Village shall be entitled to not less than 48 hours' notice from the property owner that the necessary repairs have been completed and that the water may be turned on. The charge for cutting off the water and turning on the water shall be set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees.
No person who is a customer of the Village water service and having a hydrant or tap on his premises shall permit the water therefrom to be drawn, taken or used by the occupants of other premises not paying water rent, under penalty of having the water turned off and forfeiting his privilege to use the water service of the Village.
A. 
Tampering. No person, except the Superintendent of Public Works or his duly authorized representatives, shall disturb or break any seal placed on a meter or interfere in any way with the mechanism of said meter so as to cause it to register improperly.
B. 
Bypassing. No taps or connections shall be placed in such a manner so that any person shall be able to draw off water that does not pass through the meter.
A. 
Leaks of metered water. All leaks in the service or any other pipe or fixture on the premises of the consumer or on the consumer's side of the curb box shall immediately be repaired at the expense of the consumer.
B. 
Leaks of unmetered water. Any leaks of water occurring between the curb box and the meter or in the automatic fire prevention sprinkler system shall be promptly reported to the Superintendent of Public Works and shall immediately be repaired at the expense of the consumer. The Superintendent shall determine the approximate quantity of water lost as the result of the leak and the cost thereof shall be added to the bill for the current quarter.
Plumbers and pipe fitters shall make full written returns for each service of the ordinary and special uses to which the water is to be applied, whether for new work, alterations, or additions with full description of all apparatus and arrangements for using water; the return shall be made within 48 hours after completion of the work. The water service shall not be let on until such return is made. No plumber or pipe fitter shall be allowed to turn on the water.
[Amended 8-14-2002 by L.L. No. 12-2002; 10-9-2002 by L.L. No. 15-2002; 5-3-2006 by L.L. No. 9-2006; 8-22-2007 by L.L. No. 7-2007; 10-10-2012 by L.L. No. 9-2012]
A. 
Generally. The Village Treasurer of the Village of New Paltz shall cause all water rents to be collected in advance in so far as practicable, at such time or times as the Village Board shall direct. The Village Treasurer shall prepare, or cause to be prepared, a list or roll containing the name of each person, company, corporation or association owning lots or buildings indebted or to become indebted to the Village for the use of water or water meters or for service or other charges in connection with said supply of water. It shall then proceed to fix and set down in a separate column the amount of said charges, to be known as "water rents," accrued and chargeable upon each lot, part of lot or building. The amount of such water rents shall be fixed annually by said Village Board according to its best judgment, in proportion to the amount of water consumed or likely to be consumed or in proportion to the benefits accruing thereto. Rates shall be set to encourage and foster conservation of water usage and infrastructure resources among the highest-volume users, who have the greatest impact on the system as a whole, and who have the greatest ability to implement efficiencies to conserve water and lessen overall system degradation. All water charges shall be billed to the owner of the real property receiving water service. For all billing purposes, the owner shall be the person or entity shown as the owner on the current Village tax assessment roll.
B. 
Inside Village users. The meter charge to consumers inside the Village limits shall be at the rate and schedule as determined and established from time to time by resolution of the Village Board, and maintained by the Treasurer. Unpaid water rents shall be a lien on the property upon which the water is used, and such liens shall be superior to every other lien or claim, except the lien of an existing tax.
C. 
Outside Village users. The meter charge to consumers outside the Village limits whose water service is not provided under an agreement either with the Town of New Paltz or the State University of New York shall be at the rate of 150% of the Village rate. Those properties to which water service is provided shall, by accepting such service, agree to a lien against the property for nonpayment for any such water charge made under this provision.
D. 
Assessment. The Village Board shall authorize the Village Treasurer to receive, levy and collect the several sums specified and assessed against each person, company, corporation or association owning lots or buildings which are connected to the public water supply in proportion to the amount of water consumed or likely to be consumed or in proportion to the benefit accruing thereto.
E. 
Collection. The Village Treasurer is authorized to collect water rents as assessed. The procedure for collection, as well as the times and rates for payment or the imposition of penalties, late fees or other expenses or costs, shall be established from time to time by resolution of the Village Board. In any circumstance where an industrial or institutional user has multiple water meters on one or more parcels of land within the water service area, all water consumed by that user shall be consolidated and billed as if recorded by one water meter. For the purposes of this section, the terms "industrial" and "institutional" user shall be consistent with the definition of such users in the Sewer provisions of the Village Code.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 163, Sewers.
F. 
Omission from rent roll. In the event that the water rent accrued and chargeable upon any lot, part of lot or building is omitted from any water roll for any cause, it shall be included in the next roll after such omission is discovered and shall be collected in the same manner and have the same lien and in all respects have the same force and effect as any other water rent.
G. 
Change of rules; special rates and contracts. The Village reserves the right to change water rules and regulations, and to negotiate and agree upon special rates or contracts with specific users in all proper cases.
H. 
Meter failure. In case any water meter shall fail to register the quantity of water passing through the same, the property owner shall be charged at the rate of consumption as registered at the average of the last three readings.
I. 
Final meter readings. Consumers requesting a reading of their water meters upon a transfer of title shall be charged a fee set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees for each such reading, to be paid at the time the request is made.
[Amended 10-22-2014 by L.L. No. 13-2014]
[Amended 10-10-2012 by L.L. No. 9-2012]
Water rents, together with the amount of any penalty prescribed and due for nonpayment of such rents for 60 days, shall be a lien on the real property upon which or in connection with which water is used, and such lien is prior and superior to every other lien or claim, except the lien of an existing tax. The Superintendent of Public Works shall certify to the Village Treasurer the amounts of all such unpaid rents, including penalties computed to the first day of the month following the month in which the fiscal year commences, with a description of the real property affected thereby. The Village Treasurer shall present such certificate to the Board of Trustees and shall enter the same or an abstract thereof in the minutes of the meeting. The Board of Trustees shall include such amounts in the annual tax levy and shall levy the same upon the real property in default. Whenever an unpaid water rent shall be included in the annual Village tax levy, as above provided, the water fund shall be credited with the amount of unpaid rent, including penalties, and the amount so levied of the unpaid rent, including penalties, and the amount, when collected, shall be paid into the general fund.
[Amended 3-11-2020 by L.L. No. 4-2020]
A. 
No person or persons shall open any fire plug or hydrant or draw water therefrom except the Superintendent of Public Works, his duly authorized representatives, or with his permission. The Chief of the Fire Department, its officers and members are authorized to use the said hydrants or plugs for the purpose of extinguishing fires, cleaning hoses, cleaning streets, for fire drills and any other legitimate public safety purposes.
B. 
Any person or persons using a fire hydrant for any purpose other than those specified in Subsection A of this subsection shall pay a fine in an amount to be set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees.
A. 
Declaration. Whenever the Board of Trustees shall determine that an emergency exists due to shortage of water, the Board of Trustees shall publicly declare the existence of an emergency by adopting a resolution to that effect at a regular or special meeting and causing a notice thereof to be published in the official newspaper of the Village. Thereafter no water from the Village water system shall be wasted in any manner nor shall any water be used for any purpose other than necessary household or business consumption until such time as the Board of Trustees shall declare that the emergency is terminated.
B. 
Necessary household and business use defined. Necessary household and business use shall include use of water for drinking, washing and bathroom facilities but shall not include the use of water for sprinkling lawns or shrubbery, washing of porches or vehicles or use of water in air-conditioning equipment where the water is not recirculated or for other uses of similar character.
C. 
Special uses may be permitted. The Board of Trustees may from time to time during an emergency permit use of water for certain specified purposes which shall be stated in the resolution of the Board.
D. 
Water may be shut off for violation. In addition to the penalty otherwise herein prescribed, the Board of Trustees may in the event of a violation of this section order the water to the premises of the violator to be shut off in the same procedure provided in Subsection C of § 207-1 of this chapter.
[Added 7-9-2003 by L.L. No. 5-2003; amended 8-23-2006 by L.L. No. 14-2006]
A. 
No connection may be made to the water supply and distribution system of the Village by or on behalf of the owner of any parcel of land located outside of the Village which is, or could reasonably be made, contiguous to the incorporated boundary line of the Village unless and until such parcel of land has been annexed to the Village of New Paltz in the manner prescribed in Article 17 of the General Municipal Law of the State of New York or of any laws amending or supplementing the same.
B. 
Such parcel of land defined above may connect to the Village water supply and distribution system without annexing to the Village only if:
(1) 
It is an undue hardship to connect directly to the Village water supply and distribution system, such determination to be made solely by the Village Board of Trustees; and
(2) 
The parcel in question lies contiguous to an existing Town water district; and
(3) 
The owner(s) of said parcel have received the permission of both the Village Board of Trustees and the residents of said Town water district.
A. 
Violation of any of the provisions of this chapter is hereby declared to be a violation pursuant to the Penal Law. The Building Inspector shall issue and serve appearance tickets with respect to any violation of this chapter when he has reasonable cause to believe that such violation or offense has been committed.
B. 
For every violation of any provision of this chapter, the person violating the same shall be subject to a fine of not more than that set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees or imprisonment of not more than 15 days as provided in the Penal Law.
[Amended 10-22-2014 by L.L. No. 13-2014]
A. 
Statement of purpose. The purpose of this article is to safeguard potable water supplies from potential contamination by preventing backflow from a water user's system into the public water system, recognizing that there are varying degrees of hazard and applying the principle that the degrees of protection should be commensurate with the degrees of hazard. It is the intent of the Village of New Paltz to comply with the requirements of New York State Sanitary Code, Part 5, Section 5-1.31 which mandates that the supplier of water protect its water system in accordance with procedures acceptable to the New York State Commissioner of Health and to that extent, the terms, conditions and provisions of the New York State Sanitary Code, Part 5, Section 5-1.31 and the Cross Connection Control Manual published by the New York State Department of Health are incorporated in this article by reference as if more fully stated.
B. 
Responsibility of the Superintendent of Public Works, Code Enforcement Officer and Building Inspector. The Superintendent of Public Works or his designated agent shall inspect the plumbing in every building or premises in the Village of New Paltz as frequently as in his judgment may be necessary to ensure that such plumbing has been installed in such a manner as to prevent the possibility of pollution of the water supply of the Village by the plumbing. The Superintendent of Public Works, Code Enforcement Officer or Building Inspector shall notify in writing the owner or authorized agent of the owner of any such building or premises, to correct within a reasonable time any plumbing installed or existing contrary to or in violation of this article and which, in his judgment, may tend to cause the pollution of the Village water supply, or otherwise adversely affect the public health.
C. 
Inspection. The Superintendent of Public Works or his designated agent shall have the right of entry into any building during reasonable hours, for the purpose of making inspection of the plumbing systems installed in such building or premises provided that with respect to the inspection of any single-family dwelling, consent to such inspection shall first be obtained from a person of suitable age and discretion therein or in control thereof.
Unless specifically defined below, words or phrases used in this article shall be interpreted so as to give them the meaning they have in common usage and to give this article its most reasonable application.
AIRGAP
The unobstructed vertical distance through the free atmosphere between the lowest opening from any pipe or faucet supplying water to a tank, plumbing fixture, or other device and the flood-level rim of the receptacle.
APPROVED DOUBLE CHECK VALVE ASSEMBLY
An assembly of at least two independently acting approved single check valves, including tightly closing shutoff valves on each side of the check valve assembly and suitable test cocks plus connections available for testing the water tightness of each valve.
APPROVED SINGLE CHECK VALVE
A check valve that seats readily and completely. It must be carefully machined to have free-moving parts and assured water tightness. The face of the closure element and valve seat must be bronze composition, or other noncorrodible material which will seat tightly under all prevailing conditions of field use. Pins and bushings shall be of bronze or other noncorrodible, nonsticking material, machined for easy, dependable operation. The closure element (e.g., clapper) shall be internally weighted or otherwise internally equipped to promote rapid and positive closure in all sizes where this feature is obtainable.
APPROVED WATER SUPPLY
Any water supply approved by the New York State Department of Health.
AUXILIARY SUPPLY
Any water source or system other than the potable water supply that may be available in the building or premises.
BACKFLOW
The flow of water or other liquids, mixtures, or substances into the distributing pipes of a potable supply of water from any source or sources other than its intended source. Backsiphonage is one type of backflow.
BACKFLOW PREVENTER
A device or means to prevent backflow.
BACKSIPHONAGE
Backflow resulting from negative pressures in the distributing pipes of a potable water supply.
BAROMETRIC LOOP
A loop of pipe rising at least 35 feet, at its topmost point, above the highest fixture it supplies.
CHECK VALVE
A self-closing device which is designed to permit the flow of fluids in one direction and to close if there is a reversal of flow.
CONTAMINATION
See “pollution.”
COUNTY HEALTH OFFICER
The Ulster County Commissioner of Health, his assistants or authorized deputies acting as, or any other person appointed as, public health officer of the County of Ulster.
CROSS-CONNECTION
Any physical connection between a potable water supply and any waste pipe, soil pipe, sewer, drain, or any unapproved source or system or any potable water supply outlet which is submerged or can be submerged in waste water and/or any other source of contamination. (See “backflow” and “backsiphonage.”)
DRAIN
Any pipe that carries waste water or waterborne wastes in a building drainage system.
FLOOD-LEVEL RIM
The edge of the receptacle from which water overflows.
HEALTH HAZARD
Any conditions, devices or practices in the water supply system and its operation which create, or in the judgment of the Superintendent of Public Works, Code Enforcement Officer or Building Inspector, may create, a danger to the health and well-being of the water consumer. An example of a health hazard is a structural defect in the water supply system, whether of location, design or construction that regularly or occasionally may prevent satisfactory purification of the water supply or cause it to be polluted from extraneous sources.
HYDROPNEUMATIC TANK
A pressure vessel in which air pressure acts upon the surface of the water contained within the vessel, pressurizing the water distribution piping connected to the vessel.
INLET
The open end of the water supply pipe through which the water is discharged into the plumbing fixture.
PLUMBING FIXTURE
Installed receptacles, devices, or appliances supplied with water or that receive or discharge liquids or liquid-borne wastes.
PLUMBING HAZARD
Any arrangement of plumbing, including piping and fixtures, whereby a cross-connection is created.
PLUMBING SYSTEM
Includes the water supply and distribution pipes, plumbing fixtures, and traps; soil, waste and vent pipes; building drains, and building sewers including their respective connections, devices, and appurtenances within the property lines of the premises; and water-treating or water-using equipment.
POLLUTION
The presence of any foreign substance (organic, inorganic, radiological, or biological) in water that tends to degrade its quality so as to constitute a hazard or impair the usefulness of the water.
REDUCED PRESSURE ZONE BACKFLOW PREVENTER
An assembly of differential valves and check valves, including an automatically opened spillage port to the atmosphere designed to prevent backflow (referred to herein as "RPZ").
SURGE TANK
The receiving, nonpressure vessel forming part of the airgap separation between a potable and an auxiliary supply.
VACUUM
Any pressure less than that exerted by the atmosphere.
VACUUM BREAKER, NONPRESSURE TYPE
A vacuum breaker designed so as not to be subjected to static line pressure.
VACUUM BREAKER, PRESSURE TYPE
A vacuum breaker designed to operate under conditions of static line pressure.
WATER, POTABLE
Water free from impurities in amounts sufficient to cause disease or harmful physiological effects. Its bacteriological and chemical quality shall conform to the requirements of the Public Health Service Drinking Water Standards or to the regulations of the public health authority having jurisdiction.
WATER, NONPOTABLE
Water that is not safe for human consumption or is of questionable potability.
A. 
General. A potable water supply system shall be designed, installed, and maintained in such manner as to prevent contamination from nonpotable liquids, solids, or gases being introduced into the potable water supply through cross-connections or any other piping connections to the system.
B. 
Cross-connections prohibited. Cross-connections between potable water systems and other systems or equipment containing water or other substances of unknown or questionable safety are prohibited except when and where, as approved by the Superintendent of Public Works, suitable protective devices such as the reduced pressure zoned backflow preventer or equal are installed, tested, and maintained to insure proper operation on a continuing basis.
C. 
Interconnections. Interconnection between two or more public water supplies shall be permitted only with the approval of the Superintendent of Public Works.
D. 
Individual water supplies. Cross-connections between an individual water supply and a potable public supply shall not be made unless specifically approved by the Superintendent of Public Works.
E. 
Connections to boilers. Potable water connections to boilers shall be made through an airgap or provided with an approved backflow preventer.
F. 
Prohibited connections to fixtures and equipment. Connection to the potable water supply system for the following is prohibited unless protected against backflow in accordance with Subsection H or as set out herein.
(1) 
Bidets.
(2) 
Operating, dissection, embalming, and mortuary tables or similar equipment; in such installation the hose used for water supply shall terminate at least 12 inches away from every point of the table or attachments.
(3) 
Pumps for nonpotable water, chemicals, or other substances; priming connections may be made only through an airgap.
(4) 
Building drainage, sewer, or vent systems.
(5) 
Any other fixture of similar hazard.
G. 
Refrigerating unit condensers and cooling jackets. Except where potable water provided for a refrigerator condenser or cooling jacket is entirely outside the piping or tank containing a toxic refrigerant, the inlet connection shall be provided with an approved check valve. Also, adjacent to and at the outlet side of the check valve, an approved pressure relief valve set to relieve at 5 psi above the maximum water pressure at the point of installation shall be provided if the refrigeration units contain more than 20 pounds of refrigerants.
H. 
Protection against backflow and backsiphonage.
(1) 
Water outlets. A potable water system shall be protected against backflow and backsiphonage by providing and maintaining at each outlet:
(a) 
Airgap. An airgap, as specified in Subsection H(2), between the potable water outlet and the flood level rim of the fixture it supplies or between the outlet and any other source of contamination; or
(b) 
Backflow preventer. A device or means to prevent backflow.
(2) 
Minimum required airgap.
(a) 
How measured. The minimum required airgap shall be measured vertically from the lowest end of a potable water outlet to the flood rim or line of the fixture or receptacle into which it discharges.
(b) 
Size. The minimum required airgap shall be twice the effective opening of a potable water outlet unless the outlet is a distance less than three times the effective opening away from a wall or similar vertical surface, in which cases the minimum required airgap shall be three times the effective opening of the outlet.
(3) 
Approval of devices. Before any device for the prevention of backflow or backsiphonage is installed, it shall have first been certified by a recognized testing laboratory acceptable to the Board of Trustees of the Village. Devices installed in a building potable water supply distribution system for protection against backflow shall be maintained in good working condition by the person or persons responsible for the maintenance of the system.
(4) 
Installation of devices.
(a) 
Vacuum breakers. Vacuum breakers shall be installed with the critical level at least 6 inches above the flood level rim of the fixture they serve and on the discharge side of the last control valve to the fixture. No shutoff valve or faucet shall be installed beyond the vacuum breaker. For closed equipment or vessels such as pressure sterilizers the top of the vessel shall be treated as the flood level rim but a check valve shall be installed on the discharge side of the vacuum breaker.
(b) 
Reduced pressure zone backflow preventer. A reduced pressure principal-type backflow preventer may be installed subject to full static pressure.
(c) 
Devices of all types. Backflow and backsiphonage preventing devices shall be accessible, located preferably in the same room with the fixture they serve. Installation in utility or service spaces, provided they are readily accessible, is also permitted.
(5) 
Tanks and vats below rim supply. Where a potable water outlet terminates below the rim of a tank or vat and the tank or vat has an overflow of diameter not less than given in Table 3.85, the overflow pipe shall be provided with an airgap as close to the tank as possible.
A. 
Toxic or hazardous substances not under pressure. At the service connection to any premises on which any material dangerous to health or toxic substance in toxic concentration is not handled under pressure but is otherwise handled in such manner as to constitute a cross-connection, the Village water supply shall be protected by an approved RPZ unless such cross-connection is abated to the satisfaction of the Superintendent of Public Works and approved by the County Health Officer.
B. 
Nonhazardous substances. At the service connection to any premises on which a substance that would be objectionable (but not necessarily hazardous to health) if introduced into the Village water supply is handled in such a manner as to constitute a cross-connection, the Village water supply shall be protected by an approved double check valve assembly.
C. 
Sewage and storm drain treatment plants and pumping stations. At the service connection to any sewage treatment plant or sewage pumping station, the Village water supply shall be protected by an airgap separation. The airgap shall be located as close as practicable to the service connection and all piping between the service connection and receiving tank shall be entirely visible. If these conditions cannot be reasonably met, the Village water supply shall be protected with an approved RPZ providing this alternative is acceptable to both the Superintendent of Public Works and the County Health Officer. A final decision in this matter shall be made by the State Health Department.
D. 
Fire systems. At the service connection to any premises in which a fire protection system is installed, the Village water supply shall be protected based on the water source and arrangement of supplies in accordance with the following classification:
(1) 
Class 1 - Direct connection from public water mains only; no pumps, tanks or reservoirs; no physical connections from auxiliary water supplies; no antifreeze or other additives of any kind; all sprinkler drains discharging to atmosphere, dry wells, or other outlets.
Protection: None other than the check valve required by the National Fire Code.
(2) 
Class 2 - Same as Class 1, except booster pumps may be installed in the connections from the street mains.
Protection: None other than the check valve required by the National Fire Code.
(3) 
Class 3 - Direct connection from public water supply main plus one or more of the following: elevated storage tanks; fire pumps taking suction from aboveground covered reservoirs or tanks; and pressure tanks.
Protection: Double check valve assembly.
(4) 
Class 4 - Directly supplied from public mains similar to Classes 1 and 2, and with an auxiliary water supply on or available to the premises; or an auxiliary supply may be located within 1,700 feet of the pumper connection.
Protection: Airgap or RPZ.
(5) 
Class 5 - Directly supplied from public mains, and interconnected with auxiliary supplies, such as pumps taking suction from reservoirs exposed to contamination, or rivers and ponds; driven wells; mills or other industrial water systems; or where antifreeze or other industrial water systems; or where antifreeze or other additives are used.
Protection: Airgap or RPZ.
(6) 
Class 6 - Combined industrial and fire protection systems supplied from the public water mains only, with or without gravity storage or pump suction tanks.
Protection: Determined by the Superintendent of Public Works upon review of certified engineering drawings of the system prepared at the applicant's expense.
E. 
Pier and dock hydrants. At the service connection to any pier or dock hydrant used for supplying vessels at piers or waterfronts, the Village water supply shall be protected by an approved RPZ.
F. 
Lawn sprinkling systems. At the service connection to any permanently installed, below-grade lawn sprinkling system, the Village water supply shall be protected by an approved RPZ assembly.
G. 
Others. Examples of other facilities which may require cross-connection control include, but are not limited to:
(1) 
Beverage bottling plants.
(2) 
Breweries.
(3) 
Food processing plants.
(4) 
Chemical plants and plating facilities.
(5) 
Film laboratories.
(6) 
Hospitals, medical buildings, sanitariums, morgues, and mortuaries.
(7) 
Irrigation systems.
(8) 
Laundries and dye works.
(9) 
Meat packing plants.
(10) 
Metal manufacturing, cleaning and fabricating plants.
(11) 
Radioactive materials production or research plants.
(12) 
Restricted, classified or other facilities closed to inspection.
(13) 
Sewage and storm facilities.
(14) 
Building heated by boilers where treatment chemicals are used.
(15) 
Building with certain types of air-conditioning systems.
(16) 
Swimming pools.
(17) 
Printing operations.
(18) 
Furniture stripping.
It shall be the duty of the water user on any premises on account of which backflow protective devices are installed, to have competent inspections made at least once a year, or more often in instances where successive inspections indicate repeated failure. Devices shall be repaired, overhauled or replaced at the expense of the water user whenever they are found to be defective. These tests shall be performed by a qualified backflow prevention device tester and all test results will be provided to the water user within 72 hours after the test is made. Records of such tests, repairs and overhaul shall also be kept and made available to the water user and the local health department upon request.
All presently installed backflow prevention devices which do not meet the requirements of this article, but were approved devices for the purposes described herein at the time of installation and which have been properly maintained shall, except for the inspection and maintenance requirements under § 207-22 of this article, be excluded from the requirements of these rules as long as the Superintendent is assured that they will satisfactorily protect the Village's water supply. Whenever the existing device is moved from its present location or requires more than minimum maintenance which constitutes a hazard to health, the unit shall be replaced by a backflow prevention device meeting the requirements of this article.
A. 
No water service connection to any premises shall be installed or maintained by the water user, unless the water supply is protected as required by this article and such other applicable local, state and federal laws, rules and regulations.
B. 
If any person or facility served by a water system denies access to the premises to the Superintendent of Public Works or his designated agent for the purposes of determining if protection to the public water system is necessary, the maximum protection condition shall be imposed with the requirement that the number of devices shall equal the number of service lines.
C. 
The Superintendent of Public Works or the County Health Officer may order immediate discontinuance of service without notice if:
(1) 
In his opinion, the water supply of the Village of New Paltz is being contaminated or is in immediate danger of contamination; or
(2) 
A protective device required by this article has not been installed or has been removed or bypassed and the consumer cannot be readily located or refuses to comply. Delivery of water may not be resumed until the protective device required by this article and approved by the Superintendent of Public Works has been properly installed, or until the conditions at the premises causing the contamination or danger of contamination have been abated or corrected to the satisfaction of the Superintendent of Public Works or the County Health Officer.
D. 
Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter to the contrary, the following penalties shall be applicable for a violation of the cross-connection control regulations set forth in this article of the Municipal Code:
(1) 
Failure to submit appropriate backflow prevention device plans to the Village of New Paltz and the Ulster County Health Department within 30 days after the consumer is given notice of the requirements to install the device: fine set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees.
[Amended 10-22-2014 by L.L. No. 13-2014]
(2) 
Failure to comply with correction of plans within 30 days of notice thereof: fine set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees.
[Amended 10-22-2014 by L.L. No. 13-2014]
(3) 
Failure to complete installation of the appropriate backflow prevention device within 30 days after final approval of plans: fine set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees.
[Amended 10-22-2014 by L.L. No. 13-2014]
(4) 
Failure to complete installation of the appropriate backflow prevention device within 15 days after second notice: Termination of service.
(5) 
Failure to at least annually test the backflow prevention device: fine set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees or termination of water service, or both.
[Amended 10-22-2014 by L.L. No. 13-2014]
(6) 
Failure to replace or repair a backflow prevention device as required within 30 days after notice: fine set annually by resolution of the Board of Trustees or termination of water service, or both.
[Amended 10-22-2014 by L.L. No. 13-2014]