Township of Washington, NJ
Gloucester County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Whenever a term is used in this chapter which is defined in P.L. 1975, c. 291, such term is intended to have the meaning set forth in the definition of such term found in that statute, unless a contrary intention is clearly expressed from the context of this chapter.
The following specific words and terms are hereby defined:
AS-BUILT
Plans which show the exact location and elevation of all improvements which have been made a part of the subdivision. This shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, water mains, sanitary and storm sewers, underdrains, culverts, electric lines and telephone lines.
BLOCK
An area bounded by streets, or other contiguous property of lots and having a common designation on the Tax Map.
BUILDING ORIENTATION
The orientation of the longest side of the building with respect to true south.
CARTWAY or ROADWAY
The portion of a street right-of-way, paved or unpaved, intended for vehicular use.
DRAINAGE RIGHT-OF-WAY
The dedicated lands required for the installation and/or maintenance of storm sewers or drainage ditches or required along a natural stream or watercourse for preserving the channel and providing for the flow of water therein to safeguard the public against flood damage. These lands shall not be used in the calculation of unit density.
EASEMENT
An area granted for limited use of private land for a public or quasi-public purpose, and within which the owner of the property shall not erect any structure for which a construction permit is required.
INDUSTRIAL STREET
See "street, industrial."
INDUSTRIAL SUBDIVISION
See "subdivision, industrial."
INTERIOR WALK or PEDESTRIANWAY
A right-of-way provided for the purpose of pedestrian access and passage.
MULTIFAMILY
Any unit other than a single-family detached dwelling, thereby including any living units sharing a common wall or partition.
MULTIFAMILY HOUSING DEVELOPMENT
A building containing three or more dwelling units occupied, or intended to be occupied, by persons living independently of each other, or a group of such buildings.
NUMBER OF LOTS
For the purpose of classification as a minor or major subdivision, if more than three lots, cumulative, including the base tract, are subdivided from the same tract within any two-year period the application shall be considered a major subdivision.
PEDESTRIANWAY
See "interior walk."
PLAN, SKETCH
A plan of sufficient accuracy and detail used for the purpose of discussion of a project.
RECYCLING AREA
Space allocated for collection and storage of source-separated recyclable materials.
ROADWAY
See "cartway."
SITE PLAN, MINOR
A site plan for improvements requiring less than 10 parking spaces as required in this chapter, containing less than 2,500 square feet of floor area and not having more than 50% of lot coverage, provided that the site plan application contains the information reasonably required in order to make an informed determination as to whether the requirements established in this chapter for approval of a minor site plan have been met. Any site plan involving planned improvements, any new street, or the extension of any off-tract improvement that is to be prorated pursuant to N.J.S.A. 40:55D-42 shall be deemed a major site plan. If stormwater management or drainage facilities, including but not limited to detention basins, retention basins, inlets, piping, or swales, are to be constructed as part of a new site plan, or if existing stormwater management or drainage facilities are to be modified or added to in any way, the site plan application shall not be deemed a minor site plan.
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SKETCH PLAN
See "plan, sketch."
SOLAR ACCESS
Access to unobstructed direct sunlight to the south wall of the principal building. Solar access shall be considered adequately available if the south wall of a proposed building has unobstructed access to sunlight for 75% of the time between 6:45 a.m. and 3:15 p.m., local time, on December 21.
SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM
Any system that converts solar energy into usable thermal electrical or chemical energy to meet all or a significant part of a dwelling's energy requirements. As used in this chapter, "solar energy system" refers to both active solar energy systems requiring external mechanical power to move collected heat and passive solar energy systems which rely upon natural forces of conduction, convection and radiation controlled by architectural design and building orientation to collect, distribute and store solar energy.
STREET
Any street, avenue, boulevard, road, lane, parkway, viaduct, alley or other way which is an existing state, county or Township roadway; or a street or way shown upon a plat heretofore approved pursuant to law or approved by official action; or a street or way on a plat duly filed and recorded in the office of the county recording officer prior to the appointment of a Planning Board and the grant to such Board of the power to review plats, and includes the land between the street right-of-way lines, whether improved or unimproved, and may comprise pavement, shoulders, gutters, sidewalks, parking areas and other areas within the street lines. For the purposes of this chapter, "streets" shall be classified by the Planning Board using the following guidelines:
A. 
Those streets which have the primary functions of serving abutting properties within an industrial subdivision.
B. 
Those streets which are used for fast or heavy traffic volumes and are highway connections with the rest of the metropolitan area.
C. 
Streets which carry traffic from developed areas to the secondary street system.
D. 
Streets which have the primary function of serving abutting properties.
E. 
Those streets used for heavy local and through traffic.
SUBDIVISION
The division of a lot, tract or parcel of land into two or more lots, tracts, parcels or other divisions of land for sale or development.
A. 
The following shall not be considered within the meaning of this definition, if no new streets are created:
(1) 
Divisions of land found by the Planning Board or Subdivision Committee thereof appointed by the Chairperson to be for agricultural purposes where all resulting parcels are five acres or larger in size.
(2) 
Divisions of property by testamentary or intestate provisions.
(3) 
Divisions of property upon court order, including hut not limited to judgments of foreclosure.
(4) 
Consolidation of existing lots by deed or other recorded instrument.
(5) 
The conveyance of one or more adjoining lots, tracts or parcels of land owned by the same person or persons, and all of which are found and certified by the administrative officer to conform to the requirements of the Zoning Chapter and are shown and designated as separate lots, tracts or parcels on the Tax Map or atlas of the Township.
B. 
The term "subdivision" shall also include the term "resubdivision."
SUBDIVISION, INDUSTRIAL
A division of a lot, tract or parcel of land into sites, lots or other divisions of land for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of sale or building development for industrial usage. An industrial subdivision shall not be accorded minor subdivision treatment, regardless of the number of lots involved. However, after approval of an industrial subdivision as a result of following the major subdivision procedures, the interior divisions of the aforesaid industrial tract shall be treated as minor subdivisions regardless of the number thereof, provided that they shall meet the criteria as set forth under the definition of "subdivision, minor."
SUBDIVISION, MAJOR
All subdivisions not classified as industrial or minor subdivisions.
SUBDIVISION, MINOR
Any subdivision containing not more than three lots fronting on an existing improved street nor involving a planned development, nor involving any new street or road or the extension of off-tract improvements and not adversely affecting the development of the remainder of the parcel or adjoining property and not in conflict with any provision or portion of the Master Plan; Official Map; Chapter 285, Zoning; or this chapter. Any rearrangement of lot lines which does not increase the number of building lots and/or which creates parcels which are to be consolidated with existing lots shall be classified as a minor subdivision, provided that it meets the applicable criteria set forth in other parts of this definition and provided further that either a deed of consolidation or a filed plat indicating such consolidation is presented and recorded. Lots that are exempt from subdivision requirements shall be first reviewed by the Planning Board.
A. 
Prior to receiving Planning Board approval no person shall transfer, sell or agree to transfer or sell, as owner or agent, any land which ordinarily would require subdivision approval were it not exempt. No unit shall be built on any lands classified as exempt from subdivision regulations until such parcel has been reviewed under the subdivision procedures of this chapter.
B. 
This definition shall not be construed to prohibit the construction of buildings other than dwelling units, such buildings to be used for agricultural purposes to be erected on parcels transferred for agricultural purposes only.
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Editor's Note: Added at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. III).