[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Supervisors of Northumberland County 12-14-1995. Amendments noted where applicable.]
The Northumberland County Road Name Index, to be adopted and filed in the Office of the County Administrator, shall be the official listing of names for streets and roads in Northumberland County, and such streets and roads are hereby assigned the names listed therein. As used in the chapter, the terms "street" and "road" shall have the same meaning and shall also include avenues, boulevards, highways, lanes, ways and similar street types.
The County Administrator, or his duly authorized agent, is hereby authorized to assign names to any public or private road or street in the county which provides access to three or more occupied buildings.
The County Administrator, or his duly authorized agent, is hereby authorized to negotiate with residents along streets or roads bearing duplicate or confusingly similar names in the county and to change the names of such roads or streets to eliminate such duplications.
No street or road within the county shall be assigned a name on a subdivision plat or otherwise until such name is registered with the County Administrator or his duly authorized agent, approved and added to the Northumberland County Road Name Index. The County Administrator shall have authority to refuse registration of any name already in use, confusingly similar to a name already registered or deemed confusing for purposes of emergency response.
No street or road name currently shown on a subdivision plat filed with the county or otherwise shall be implemented by a subdivision owner until such name has been registered with the County Administrator or his duly authorized agent, approved and added to the Northumberland County Road Name Index; provided, however, that this section shall not apply to any road or street presently constructed on which street signs have been placed prior to the effective date of this chapter. The County Administrator shall have the right to refuse registration of any name already in use, confusingly similar to a name already registered or deemed confusing for purposes of emergency response.
All new street signs erected within Northumberland County shall be in conformance with the specifications of this section, unless a variance is granted by the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) or the Northumberland County Board of Supervisors. Street name signs for use on primary routes and collector secondary roads shall have a minimum height of nine inches, a minimum width of 30 inches and a maximum width of 48 inches. Widths greater than 48 inches may be allowed in special cases upon approval of the VDOT District Traffic Engineer. The standard letter height shall be six-inch Series C letters for the street names. The standard letter height of the suffix and prefix (if any) shall be three-inch Series C letters. Nonstandard letter height may be allowed in special cases upon approval of the VDOT District Traffic Engineer.
Street name signs for use on local secondary roads, subdivision streets and private roads assigned names under this chapter shall have a minimum height of six inches, a minimum width of 24 inches and a maximum width of 42 inches. Widths greater than 42 inches may be allowed in special cases upon approval of the VDOT District Traffic Engineer. The standard letter height shall be four-inch Series C letters for the street name. The standard letter height of the suffix and prefix (if any) shall be two-inch Series C letters. Nonstandard letter heights may be allowed in special cases upon approval from the VDOT District Traffic Engineer.
All street name signs in the county shall be fabricated with high-intensity reflectorized sign sheeting. All sign text and numerals shall be white, and the background of all signs shall be green. Signs at intersections of all public and private roads assigned names under this chapter shall be mounted atop two-and-three-eighths-inch galvanized pipes, with the signs appearing at a height of not less than seven feet above grade.
The County Administrator is hereby authorized to direct the placement of street signs at intersections within the county. The initial costs of such signs to be appropriated from 9-1-1 telephone taxes as approved by the Northumberland County Board of Supervisors.
The owner of any subdivision or other development shall erect or cause to be erected street signs in conformance with this chapter at any and all intersections within such subdivision or development upon the construction of any street on or after the effective date of this chapter. Where any subdivision owner is currently required to erect street signs but has failed to do so, the future erection of street signs shall be in conformance with this chapter.
All properties or parcels of land within Northumberland County shall hereafter be identified by reference to a uniform numbering system, as shown on maps filed in the Office of the County Administrator. Said maps and the explanatory matter thereon are hereby adopted and made a part of this chapter.
A house or building number shall be assigned to each dwelling or other building in the county. The combination of such numbers and the road or street name shall be the official address of such dwelling or building. Such location shall serve as the official mailing address for postal patrons receiving home or rural delivery.
When each house or building has been assigned its respective address, the owner, occupant or agent shall place or cause to be placed upon each house or building controlled by him the number or numbers assigned under the uniform numbering system. Such numbers shall be placed on existing buildings within 60 days of notification of the assigned address. Such numbers shall be placed on new buildings prior to occupancy. The cost of posting the address shall be the responsibility of the property owner.
Street address numbers for residences shall be at least three inches in height and shall be made of a durable and clearly visible material. The numbers shall be conspicuously placed on, above or at the side of the main entrance so that the number is discernible from the street. Whenever a residence is more than 75 feet from the street, or when the entrance is not visible from the street, the number shall be placed along a walk, driveway or other suitable location so that the address number is discernible from the street. Street address numbers shall be of a contrasting color to the background on which they are mounted.
Street address numbers for commercial and industrial structures shall be at least four inches in height if located within 75 feet of a roadway or at least 10 inches in height if located greater than 75 feet from the street. The number shall be placed above or on the main entrance to the structure when possible. If such number is not visible from the street, the number shall be placed along a driveway or on a sign visible from the street.
Apartments and similar complexes assigned a single building number shall display address numbers on each assigned structure using numbers haviAng a minimum height of eight inches. Trailer parks and similar complexes assigned a single building number shall display the assigned number at the main entranceway using numbers having a minimum height of eight inches. Numbers or letters for individual apartments, trailers or units within these complexes shall be displayed on, above or to the side of the main doorway of each apartment, trailer or unit and shall be least three inches in height.
Whenever any house, building or structure shall be erected or located after the initial establishment of the uniform numbering system as provided herein, it shall be the duty of the property owner to procure the correct number or numbers for said property and to affix said numbers to said building in accordance with this chapter. An application for a building permit for a new building shall be considered an application for an address assignment. The Building Official shall coordinate the application with the designated agent of the County Administrator responsible for the assignment of addresses and forward the assigned address to the applicant not later than 60 days following issuance of said permit. The applicant shall be required to furnish such measurements in relation to other properties or intersections as shall be deemed necessary for assignment of a valid address.
In applying the guidelines specified herein, the County Administrator, or his authorized agent, shall have the authority to make minor adjustments and modifications to ensure a logical and efficient street address system.
The provisions of this chapter shall be applicable in all areas of Northumberland County outside the Town of Kilmarnock. The provisions of this chapter shall be applicable within the Town of Kilmarnock if the Kilmarnock Town Council has adopted and endorsed this chapter by resolution.
Whenever the County Administrator, or his authorized agent, has reason to believe there has been or there exists a violation of this chapter, he shall give written notice of such violation to the person failing to comply, and order said person to take corrective measures within 30 days from the date of notification. If such person fails to comply with the duly issued order, the County Administrator, or his agent, shall initiate necessary actions to terminate the violation through criminal or civil measures.
Any violation of this chapter shall constitute a Class 4 misdemeanor. Subsequent to the thirty-day period following notification of violation, each day of violation shall constitute a separate violation.