Village of Waterford, WI
Racine County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

§ 235-24 Streets and other accessways.

A. 
Conformity with master plan. Major streets shall be arranged in conformity with the master plan of streets and highways of the Village, and minor streets shall be considered in relation to existing streets and to those which may be planned for the future.
B. 
Street frontage. All lots on a plat, CSM or municipal plat shall have frontage on a public street, unless a private street affording access to the lot is approved by the Village Board. Where a private street is approved, the specifications therefor shall be included in the developer's agreement, and appropriate easements for utilities, public safety, and other necessary access shall be required by the Village.
[Amended 1-23-2006 by Ord. No. 489; 3-13-2017 by Ord. No. 650]
C. 
Natural features to be considered. Topography, creeks, wooded areas and other natural features which would lend themselves to attractive and economical development shall, where possible, be given special consideration in locating streets.
D. 
Future resubdivisions to allow conformity with street specifications. The division of land into tracts larger than building lots shall be accomplished in such a manner that later resubdivision can be made in conformity with the street requirements specified herein.
E. 
Existing streets to be continued or completed. Proposed streets shall provide for the continuation or completion of any existing streets, whether constructed or recorded or reserved in deeds of conveyance, in accordance with the following:
(1) 
The rigid rectangular gridiron street pattern shall not be unnecessarily adhered to. The use of curvilinear streets, cul-de-sacs or U-shaped streets shall be encouraged where such use will result in a more desirable layout.
(2) 
Minor streets need not necessarily continue across all major streets; but if on preliminary plats such minor streets approach the major streets from the opposite sides thereof within 200 feet of each other, measured between their center lines on the center line of the major streets, they shall be adjusted so that the alignment across the major street is continuous and a jog in the street alignment is avoided.
(3) 
Major streets shall be continuous or in alignment with existing streets.
(4) 
Streets shall intersect as nearly at right angles to each other as possible.
F. 
Accessways and private entrances.
[Amended 8-9-1999 by Ord. No. 383]
(1) 
Highway access.
(a) 
No direct public or private access shall be permitted to the existing or proposed rights-of-way of the following, except by Plan Commission approval:
[1] 
Arterial streets intersecting another arterial street within 100 feet of the intersection of the right-of-way lines.
[2] 
Streets intersecting an arterial street within 50 feet of the intersection of the right-of-way lines.
(b) 
Access barriers, such as curbing, fencing, ditching, landscaping or other topographic barriers, shall be erected to prevent unauthorized vehicular ingress or egress to the above specified streets or highways.
(2) 
Temporary access to the above rights-of-way may be granted by the Plan Commission after review and recommendation by the highway agencies having jurisdiction. Such access permit shall be temporary, revocable and subject to any conditions required and shall be issued for a period not to exceed 12 months.
(3) 
Accessways and private entrances opening on major streets or parkways shall be kept at a minimum. There shall be no vehicular access to major streets and parkways except at street intersections or specified points determined by the Village Plan Commission upon recommendation of the Chairman of the Public Works and Utilities Committee. Vehicular access to residential lots adjoining or adjacent to a major street or a parkway shall be provided by one of the following means:
[Amended 7-11-2011 by Ord. No. 575]
(a) 
A parallel street supplying frontage for lots backing onto the major street or parkway. In such case, an agreement shall be recorded in the Office of the Register of Deeds for Racine County prior to the approval by the Village Plan Commission of the final plat, which agreement shall prohibit vehicular access to the residential lots from the major street and shall require the use of such parallel street for vehicular ingress and egress.
(b) 
A series of cul-de-sacs, U-shaped streets or short loops entered from and designed generally at right angles to such a parallel street, with the rear lines of their terminal lots backing onto the major street.
(c) 
A public service street, separated from the major street by a planting or grass strip and having access thereto at suitable points.
(d) 
An alley, minor street or private street in the rear of lots abutting and facing the major street or parkway. In such case, an agreement shall be recorded by the owner in the Office of the Register of Deeds for Racine County when the final plat is presented to the Register of Deeds for record. Such agreement shall prohibit vehicular access to the residential lots from the major street or parkway and shall require the use of the alley, minor street or private street for vehicular ingress and egress.
[Amended 1-23-2006 by Ord. No. 489]
(4) 
Driveways. All driveways installed, altered, changed, replaced or extended after the effective date of this ordinance shall meet the following requirements:
(a) 
Islands. Islands between driveway openings shall be provided with a minimum of twelve feet between all driveways and six feet at all lot lines.
(b) 
Openings. Openings for vehicular ingress and egress shall not exceed 24 feet in width at the right of-way line and 30 feet in width at the roadway, except that in Business, Industrial and Institutional Districts, the openings may be increased to 30 feet and 36 feet respectively.
[Amended 4-23-2007 by Ord. No. 513]
(c) 
Vehicular entrances and exits. Vehicular entrances and exits to drive-in banks and restaurants, motels, funeral homes, vehicular sales, service, washing and repair stations, garages, or public parking lots shall be not less than 200 feet from any pedestrian entrance or exit to a school, college, university, church, hospital, park, playground, library, public emergency shelter or other place of public assembly.
(d) 
The Village may review proposed driveway openings for public safety purposes, and may require the relocation of a proposed opening due to safety considerations.
[Amended 1-23-2006 by Ord. No. 489]
G. 
Alleys. Alleys are not recommended in residential districts, except in the rear of lots fronting major streets or parkways or where special conditions make them necessary. Where used, they shall conform to the following requirements:
(1) 
In residential districts, alleys shall have a minimum width of 30 feet.
(2) 
Dead-end alleys are prohibited, unless suitable turnarounds are provided.
(3) 
When two alleys intersect or meet approximately at right angles, a ten-foot cutoff having a chord approximately 14 feet in length shall be provided at each corner.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Original § 18.40(7)(d), requiring alleys for lots in commercial zones, which immediately followed this subsection, was deleted 1-23-2006 by Ord. No. 489.
H. 
Street widths. Public street right-of-way widths shall conform to the following specifications:
[Amended 11-14-1994 by Ord. No. 309; 1-23-2006 by Ord. No. 489]
(1) 
Minor residential streets shall have a minimum width of 66 feet unless approved as an exception.
(2) 
Major streets shall have a minimum width of 90 feet unless approved as an exception.
(3) 
Cul-de-sacs shall not exceed 400 feet in length, shall have a minimum width of 66 feet and shall terminate in a turnaround having a radius of not less than 85 feet unless approved as an exception.
(4) 
A minor residential street dead-ending at the boundary of a plat shall be provided with a temporary cul-de-sac having a radius of 65 feet, or, in the alternative a T-turnaround constructed within the sixty-six-foot right-of-way, to specifications established by the Village Engineer. The Plan Commission of the Village of Waterford shall make its determination with regard to the use of either a cul-de-sac or T-turnaround at the end of any such minor residential street, based upon the planning for the area subject of street improvement, policy of the Village, and the topography of the area.
(5) 
All streets platted on quarter-section lines shall have widths of 90 feet. Where conditions make the required width impracticable, the Village Board may modify the requirements of this subsection; provided the minimum width shall not be less than 66 feet.
(6) 
Subdivision plats with half streets less than 49.5 feet in width on the borders of the subdivision shall not be approved, unless:
(a) 
The owner, subdivider or agent places on record an agreement stating in effect that lots which are dependent upon the half street of less than 45 feet for ingress and egress purposes shall not be sold, and stating further that no structures shall be erected on such lots with ingress and egress facilities facing such half street until the full width of the street to at least 66 feet has been opened and accepted by the Village Board.
(b) 
The subdivision is designed so as to place the side lot lines of corner lots parallel to the half street, ingress and egress to such lots being provided by streets intersecting the half street. An agreement shall be placed on record at the time of recording such plat, which shall prohibit the erection of structures facing such half street and shall prohibit the construction of ingress and egress facilities from such lots to such half streets.
(c) 
An existing half street has been dedicated or opened by the Village immediately adjoining the half street in the subdivision under consideration.
(d) 
The half street being platted is one-half of a major street 90 feet in width; i.e., 45 feet in width.

§ 235-25 Off-street parking.

[Amended 8-9-1999 by Ord. No. 383]
On major streets in areas zoned "business" or to be developed as business districts, parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with § 245-15, along with the following: A public off-street parking area and service street 50 feet wide shall be platted between the front line and the side lot line or corner lots of the lots to be used for business and the street line of the street. Where local conditions or the extent of ownership make the above impossible and inadvisable, other areas properly situated and approved by the Village Plan Commission shall be set aside in compliance with Chapter 245, Zoning.

§ 235-26 Blocks and lots.

Proper consideration shall be given to topography in the platting of blocks and lots. The following shall be specifically required:
A. 
Blocks.
(1) 
Blocks in residential areas shall be a minimum of 100 feet long. Along major streets or highways, the length of a block shall normally be not less than 800 feet.
(2) 
A block 800 feet or more in length shall be provided with a pedestrian way 10 feet wide near the middle of the block and so located that there is direct pedestrian access to schools; local shopping centers, parks, etc.
(3) 
Blocks shall be sufficiently wide to allow two tiers of lots of the appropriate depth.
(4) 
Blocks adjoining major streets, boulevards or parkways shall be so oriented that the long dimension of the block fronts on them in order to create as few intersections as possible with the traffic way.
(5) 
Irregularly shaped blocks, sometimes referred to as "super blocks," indented by cul-de-sacs or looped access streets and containing interior parks or playgrounds and adequate parking space and bounded by a continuous street shall be acceptable when properly designed and covered by agreements as to the development and maintenance of the public areas.
(6) 
Local business blocks shall be planned so as to be suited for business occupancy, with shorter blocks than those used wholly for residential purposes.
B. 
Lots.
(1) 
Width of residential lots. Residential lots shall be at least the minimum width at the setback line as designated in Chapter 245, Zoning, except as otherwise provided in this chapter.
[Amended 3-8-1999 by Ord. No. 375]
(2) 
Area of residential lots. Residential lots shall be at least the minimum area designated in Chapter 245, Zoning, except as otherwise provided in this chapter.
[Amended 3-8-1999 by Ord. No. 375]
(3) 
Depth of residential lots. Residential lots shall be a minimum of 125 feet deep, except as is otherwise provided for in this chapter and Chapter 245, Zoning.
(4) 
Orientation. Side lot lines shall be at right angles to the street line on which the lot faces; and where street lines are curved, the side lot lines of facing lots shall be approximately radial, unless special conditions permit a variation of this regulation.
(5) 
Corner lots. Corner lots shall have a width and area sufficient to provide for uniform building setback lines on the side streets complying with all the setback requirements of the zoning district in which the subdivision may lie.
(6) 
Street frontage. Street frontage shall be required for every lot.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. III).
(7) 
Double frontage lots restricted. Double frontage lots shall generally be avoided, except as provided in § 235-24F.
(8) 
Remnant lots. Remnant lots produced by irregularity of ownership or street lines or other means shall be added to adjoining lots.
(9) 
Butt lots.
(a) 
Butt lots shall be avoided.
(b) 
Replacing of lots at the ends of blocks to create butt lots shall not be permitted.

§ 235-27 Easements.

A. 
To be continuous. Whenever possible, easements shall be continuous to the end of the block so that connection with an easement on the adjoining block is in the shortest direct line.
B. 
Utility easements. The Village may require utility easements of not less than six feet in width, making a total easement of 12 feet in width, on each rear lot line where there are no alleys and along side lot lines where necessary for poles, wires, conduits and other public services.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. III).
C. 
Drainage easements. Stormwater drainage easements shall be provided as required by the Village Engineer. The owner shall dedicate easements for stormwater drainage purposes, which shall be ample in width to provide for adequate maintenance, according to the terms of the developer's agreement.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. III).

§ 235-28 Neighborhood residential units. [1]

Modification of the regulations concerning minor and local street widths, dead-end streets, block lengths, and width and size and area of lots may be made by the Village Plan Commission in the case of a plat for a large tract of land to be completely developed as a unit with residential buildings, provided the following requirements are met and complied with:
A. 
The community and building development plan considered in total shall be for the public interest, welfare and safety.
B. 
Open spaces shall be regulated to provide for the circulation, recreational, light and air needs of the tract.
C. 
Deed restrictions or other legal devices which will assure carrying out of the plan in its entirety shall be placed on record.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. III).