City of Franklin, WI
Milwaukee County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Common Council of the City of Franklin 8-5-1997 by Ord. No. 97-1461 as Ch. 17 of the 1997 Code; amended in its entirety 4-5-2004 by Ord. No. 2004-1787. Subsequent amendments noted where applicable.]
Building construction — See Ch. 92.
This chapter shall be known as the "Electrical Code of the City of Franklin" and will hereinafter be referred to as "this code."
The purpose of this code is to safeguard life and property by regulating and providing for the inspection of the installation and condition of electrical wiring, equipment and devices, and providing for the licensing of persons, firms and corporations undertaking electrical work, and fixing a penalty for violation of the provisions of this code.
The Electrical Inspector shall enforce all state laws and City ordinances relating to electrical inspection and perform such further duties as set forth thereunder and specifically, but not limited to, as set forth under this chapter.
The Electrical Inspector or his or her authorized agent may enter any building or premises in the discharge of his or her official duties for the purpose of making any inspection or test of the electrical wires, equipment or devices contained therein. The Inspector or his or her authorized agent shall be given access to any premises upon request made to the owner or person in immediate charge of the premises.
There shall be kept in the Department of Building Inspection a complete record of all applications and permits, regularly numbered in the order of their issue, of all inspections made and other official work performed under the provisions of this code, so arranged as promptly to afford information concerning electrical installation.
For the purpose of this code, the following terms and words shall be interpreted as having the following meanings:
State Code terms. All terms defined in the Wisconsin State Electrical Code and any amendments thereto shall, when used in this code, be construed to have the same meaning as in the Wisconsin State Electrical Code.
Other terms. For the purpose of this code, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
All wires, equipment or devices installed for the purpose of conducting or safeguarding electrical current.
Any act in connection with the installing, altering or maintaining of an electrical system, which act ordinarily requires the use of tools.
Includes the wires and other devices incident to the means for safely conducting electrical current.
The Electrical Inspector may order the cuffing off of all electrical current from any electrical system which is found to be in an unsafe condition and may order the cutting off of electric current in cases of emergency and where such electrical currents are dangerous to life or property or may interfere with the work of the Fire Department. No person shall reconnect any equipment thus cut off until permission is given by the Electrical Inspector.
This code shall not be construed to relieve from or lessen the responsibility or liability of any person applying electricity to or selling, renting, leasing, owning, using, operating, controlling, installing, altering, repairing, removing, replacing, disturbing, connecting, disconnecting or maintaining any electrical wiring, device or equipment for damages to persons or property caused by any defect therein or therefrom; nor shall the City be held as assuming any such responsibility or liability by reason of the issuance or revocation of any license, permit or certificate or the inspection or reinspection authorized by this code, or by reason of the approval or disapproval of any electrical equipment, sales, rentals, drawings, plans, specifications, materials, samples, test reports, literature, information or schedules authorized in this code. Nor shall the City be held liable for any damages resulting from the enforcement of this code.
All requests for information pertaining to and involving an interpretation of this code shall be submitted in detail to the Electrical Inspector. The Electrical Inspector shall not design or lay out any electrical installation or act in the capacity of a consulting (electrical) engineer.
[Amended 5-21-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-2370]
The Electrical Inspector shall visit and inspect all public buildings and premises, such as places of amusement and places of assemblage, farms, campgrounds, manufactured home communities, public marinas, piers, docks, wharves, recreational vehicle parks, and all other buildings for which electrical permits have been issued and make a thorough examination of all the electrical wires, equipment and devices installed, and when found to be in a dangerous or unsafe condition, he or she shall notify the person owning, using, operating or installing the same to place them in a safe condition. The necessary repairs or changes shall be completed within 15 days after the receipt of such notice; each day which shall elapse after the expiration of said period shall constitute a separate offense, and the Electrical Inspector may order the discontinuance of electrical service to such defective electrical system until it shall have been repaired, removed or changed as directed by him or her. Failure to obey any such order shall subject the person failing to make such disconnection to the penalties hereinafter provided.
Editor's Note: Former § 118-11, Board of Electrical Examiners, was repealed 4-5-2004 by Ord. No. 2004-1787.
[Amended 5-21-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-2370]
License or registration required. No person, company or corporation, except as provided in § 118-13, shall alter, install or repair electrical wires and apparatus for any purpose in the City without first having procured a license or registration in accordance with § 101.862, Wis. Stats.
The Electrical Inspector shall issue permits for the erection of electrical installations for light, heat or power upon the filing of proper application, which shall be made on forms furnished by the Electrical Inspector, and shall prescribe the nature of the work as well as such other information as may be required for inspection. In no case shall any such electrical work be done unless a permit has first been obtained, except as follows:
Any person manufacturing or repairing electrical apparatus and equipment and employing a competent electrician shall not be required to have a permit for his or her or its testing equipment.
No permit shall be required for minor repair work, such as repairing drop cords, flush and snap switches, replacing fuses or changing lamp sockets, ballasts, and receptacles.
No permit shall be required for portable devices, such as grinders, drills, portable signs, washing machines, vacuum cleaners, radios, electric refrigerators and similar devices not permanently wired but intended to be connected to the circuit by a flexible cord and plug. However, proper approved wiring is to be installed, together with approved receptacle and plug.
No permit shall be required for the installation, alteration or repair of electrical generation, transmission or distribution equipment owned and operated by an electrical utility company or the City.
No permit shall be required for the installation, alteration or repair of signal or communication equipment where such equipment is owned and operated by a public utility company or the City.
The electrical permit shall expire after 24 months of the date of issuance of the permit.
No electrical permit shall be required for low-voltage, CATV, telephone, data and speaker wiring. Wiring shall be done per the National Electrical Code and Wisconsin Electrical Code.
Homeowner. A homeowner may perform electrical work on a single-family dwelling, if he or she owns and occupies it as his or her permanent residence, except that the homeowner may not repair or replace the electrical service to the dwelling or install electrical wiring to hot tubs, spas or swimming pools. Any electrical work must be permitted, inspected and approved according to this chapter. In addition, if requested by the Inspector, a homeowner must demonstrate his or her ability to conform the work to all applicable rules and regulations by furnishing drawings or plans of proposed work.
[Added 5-21-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-2370]
Minimum fee. The minimum fee for any permit shall be $50. Where additional permits by the same licensee on the same job are necessary and the nature of the work is the same as that of the original permit, the minimum fee shall not apply. The term "outlet" as used in this subsection shall mean any opening for the connection of current consuming or controlling devices generally. Outlets installed in common or "in gang" shall be counted individually.
Permit fees. Fees shall be as follows:
[Amended 7-13-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-2010; 12-19-2017 by Ord. No. 2017-2310]
Fee Amount
(each unless noted)
Light switch and convenience outlets
Light fixtures
Fluorescent fixtures
Range, electric
Garbage grinding and disposal unit
Clothes dryer
Water heaters, electric
Replacement water heater, electric
Air conditioner
Refrigeration units
Feeders and subfeeders - per 100 amp capacity
$20 per 100 amps
Temporary wiring installation for construction, fire damage, etc.
Service switch and conductors
$35 per 100 amps
Service disconnect
$20 per disconnect
$5 plus $1 per HP
Motor disconnects or controllers
Fuel pumps, mound systems, water pumps
Transformers and generators
Space heating systems
$10 per unit
Furnaces and heating devices
Replacement furnaces and heating devices
$30 minimum fee
Dimmers, occ. sensors, audible or visual signal devices, surge protectors, etc.
$1 per device
Power receptacles
One to 30 amperes
Over 30 amperes
Wireways, busways, under floor raceways
$1 per feet
Data devices
HID, mercury, sodium and metal halite
Post light
Light poles
Machines, X-ray, motion-picture, welders
Stage pockets, spotlights and other apparatus
Stage lights
Swimming pool wiring
In-ground pool
Aboveground pool
In-pool lighting
Hot tub, spa, whirlpool
Wiring for temporary use
Festivals, construction, fires, etc.
Cranes and hoists
Signaling and communication devices
Fire, carbon monoxide, smoke alarms
Fire/alarm panels and controllers
Failure to call for final inspection
First inspection and reinspection
Included in permit
Second reinspection and additional
$75 per reinspection
Requested inspection during nonworking hours
$90 per hour, two-hour minimum
License reinspections
(Second reinspection and subsequent inspections)
$75 per reinspection
Special inspections
$90 per hour, two-hour minimum
Minimum electrical permit fee
$85, residential one- and two-family $100, all other uses
Failure to obtain permit before commencing work
First offense
Triple fee (3X)
Second offense or repeat offender
Quadruple fee (4X)
Trip charge for offsite duplication of plans, etc.
Technology fee
Permit fee is less than $100
$4 per permit
Permit fee is greater than or equal $100
$7 per permit
Projects of and for the City of Franklin (general government, not special fund entities or utilities) are exempt from permit fees.
If construction is not commenced prior to expiration of the permit, that portion of the permit fee, excluding plan exam fees, that exceeds the minimum fee will be refunded upon written request.
Before any work is commenced or recommenced after a permit has expired, a new permit shall be reissued at 1/2 the regular fee or at the reinspection rate for each remaining inspection. The method used shall be determined by, and at the sole discretion of, the Building Inspector.
On applying for a permit for temporary work, a specified period of time during which such wiring is to remain in service must be stated but not exceeding 90 days. Service shall be cut off at the end of this period and shall not again be connected without written permission from the Electrical Inspector. For buildings where conduit wiring is required, special permits for temporary work may be granted by the Electrical Inspector for the installation of open work and exposed wiring, lights, power for building operations, display decorative wiring, etc., for use for a limited period, subject to discontinuance and complete removal at expiration and to condemnation and revocation within such period.
Emergency work. In emergency work, the person doing or causing such work to be done shall report the same to the Electrical Inspector the next business day after beginning work, and such work shall be done in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
Upon completion of the wiring in or on any building and before any wiring is to be concealed from view, the person doing the same shall notify the Electrical Inspector, and he or she shall inspect the installation within 48 hours of the time such notice is received. If, upon inspection, it is found that the installation is in compliance with this chapter and does not constitute a hazard to life or property, he or she shall approve the same and authorize concealment of the wiring or authorize connection for electrical service. If the installation is incomplete or not strictly in accordance with this chapter, he or she shall issue orders to the person installing the same to remove all hazards and to make the necessary changes or additions within seven days. No person shall conceal any electric work before inspection or fail to comply with any order of the Electrical Inspector.
Current shall not be turned on for any electrical installation until a certificate of inspection has been issued by the Electrical Inspector. However, in occupied buildings where a permit for lighting fixtures has been issued, the Electrical Inspector may authorize the installation of meters for electric service after wiring has been inspected and approved.
[Amended 5-21-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-2370]
No certificate of inspection shall be issued unless the electric light, power or heating installation and all other electrical apparatus connected with it are in strict conformity with this chapter and rules and regulations of the State Electrical Code. The provisions of the Wisconsin Administrative Code Chapter SPS 316 are herein adopted in their entirety.
No electrical materials , devices or appliances shall be used or installed in the City unless they conform to the requirements of this chapter, state statutes, rules and regulations issued by the Department of Safety and Professional Services under authority of the state statutes, and are in conformity with approved methods of construction for safety to life and property.
[Amended 5-21-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-2370]
Maker's name, trademark or other identification symbol shall be placed on electrical material devices and appliances used or installed; also, rating in volts, amperes, watts, horsepower, etc., to permit proper identification.
Electrically illuminated signs shall not be hung or erected until after inspection and approval by the Electrical Inspector.
Small socket signs may be connected to an existing lighting circuit, provided that the total wattage of lighting circuit, together with the socket sign, does not exceed 1,650 watts.
Any person who shall violate any provision of this chapter or any order, rule or regulation made hereunder shall be subject to a penalty as provided in Chapter 1, General Provisions, § 1-19.