The purpose of this ordinance is to prevent contamination of groundwater and to protect public health, safety and welfare by assuring that unused, unsafe or noncomplying wells or wells which may serve as conduits for contamination or wells which may be illegally cross-connected to the municipal water system are properly abandoned.
This ordinance applies to all wells located on premises served by the sanitary district municipal water system.
As used in this ordinance, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
- MUNICIPAL WATER SYSTEM
- A system for the provision to the public of piped water for human consumption when such system has at least 15 service connections or regularly serves at least 25 year-round residents and is owned or operated by a city, village, county, town, Town sanitary district, utility district or public institution as defined in W.S.A. s. 49.10(12)(f)1, or a privately owned water utility serving any of the above.
- A well or pump installation which does not comply with the provisions of Chapter NR 812 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code, in effect at the time the well was constructed, a contamination source was installed, the pump was installed or work was done on either the well or pump installation.
- PUMP INSTALLATION
- The pump and related equipment used for withdrawing water from a well, including the discharge piping, the underground connections, pitless adapters, pressure tanks, pits, sampling faucets and well seals or caps.
- A well or pump installation which produces water which is bacteriologically contaminated or contaminated with substances in exceedance of the standards of Chapter NR 109 or 140 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code, or for which a health advisory has been issued by the Department of Natural Resources.
- A well or pump installation which is not in use or does not have a functional pumping system.
- An excavation or opening into the ground made by digging, boring, drilling, driving or other methods for the purpose of obtaining groundwater for consumption or other use.
- WELL ABANDONMENT
- The filling and sealing of a well according to the provision of Chapter NR 112 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.
Editor's Note: Section 49.10 was repealed by 1985 Act 29.
All wells located on premises served by the municipal water system shall be abandoned in accordance with the terms of this ordinance and Chapter NR 812 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code, by June 30, 1995, or no later than one year from the date of connection to the municipal water system, whichever occurs last, unless a well operation permit has been obtained by the well owner from the Sanitary District.
The Sanitary District may grant a permit to a private well owner once they have hooked up to the municipal water system. Well permit application forms shall be provided by the Clerk. The submittal of an application, along with application fee, must verify that the following conditions are met for issuance or renewal of a well operation permit:
The well and pump installation meet or are upgraded to meet the requirements of Chapter NR 812 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.
One bacteriologically safe sample report must be submitted to Clerk per Chapter NR 811.10, however if the first sample taken is unsafe, Chapter NR 811.07(3)(b) requires two or more successive safe samples be taken at twenty-four-hour intervals which indicate bacteriologically safe water or one safe sample be obtained only if a free chlorine residual of at least 0.1 mg/l is remaining when the results of the safe sample are reported. No exception to this condition may be made for unsafe wells, unless the Department of Natural Resources approves, in writing, the continued use of the well.
There are no cross-connections between the well and pump installation and the municipal water system.
The proposed use of the well and pump installation can be justified as being necessary in addition to water provided by the municipal water system.
The Sanitary District or its agent may conduct inspections or have water quality tests conducted at the applicant’s expense to obtain or verify information necessary for consideration of a permit application or renewal.
All wells abandoned under the jurisdiction of this ordinance or rule shall be abandoned according to the procedures and methods of Chapter NR 812 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code. All debris, pump, piping, unsealed liners and any other obstructions which may interfere with sealing operations shall be removed prior to abandonment.
The owner of the well, or the owner's agent, shall notify the Clerk at least 48 hours prior to commencement of any well abandonment activities. The abandonment of the well shall be observed by the Sanitary District.
An abandonment report form, supplied by the Department of Natural Resources, shall be submitted by the well owner to the Clerk and the Department of Natural Resources within 10 days of the completion of the well abandonment.