[HISTORY: Adopted by Board of Trustees of the Charter Township of Northville 7-11-1991 as Ch. 35 of the Code of Ordinances. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Solid waste — See Ch. 149.
Construction site maintenance — See Ch. 64.
For the purposes of this chapter, the following terms, phrases, words and their derivations shall have the meaning given herein. When not inconsistent with the context, words used in the present tense include the future, words used in the singular number include the plural and words used in the plural number include the singular. The word "shall" is always mandatory and not mainly directory.
- Any contravene now known or hereafter invented, used or designated for navigation or for flight in the air. The word "aircraft" shall include helicopters and lighter-than-air dirigibles and balloons.
- COMMERCIAL HANDBILL
- Any printed or written matter, any sample or device, dodger, circular, leaflet, pamphlet, paper, booklet or any other printed or otherwise reproduced original or copies of any matter or literature:
- A. That advertises for sale any merchandise, product, commodity or thing; or
- B. That which directs attention to any business or mercantile or commercial establishment or other activity for the purpose of either directly or indirectly promoting the interest thereof by sales; or
- C. That which directs attention to or advertises any meeting, theatrical performance, exhibition or event of any kind for which an admission fee is charged for the purpose of private gain or profit, but the terms of this subsection shall not apply where an admission fee is charged or a collection is taken up for the purpose of defraying the expenses incident to such meeting, theatrical performance, exhibition or event of any kind when either of the same is held, given or takes place in connection with the dissemination of information which is not restricted under the ordinary rules of decency, good morals, public peace, safety and good order, provided that nothing contained in this subsection shall be deemed to authorize the holding, giving or taking place of any meeting, theatrical performance, exhibition or event of any kind without a license, where such license is or may be required by any law of this state or under any ordinance of this Township; or
- D. Which, while containing reading matter other than advertising matter is predominantly and essentially an advertisement, and is distributed or circulated for advertising purposes, or for the private benefit and gain of any person so engaged as advertiser or distributor.
- Putrescible animal and vegetable wastes resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and consumption of food.
- Garbage, refuse, and rubbish as defined herein and all other waste material which, if thrown or deposited as herein prohibited, tends to create a danger to public health, safety and welfare.
- Any newspaper of general circulation as defined by general law, any newspaper duly entered with the United States Postal Service in accordance with federal statute or regulation and any newspaper filed and recorded with any recording officer as provided by general law and, in addition thereto, shall mean and include any periodical or current magazine regularly published with not less than four issues per year.
- NONCOMMERCIAL HANDBILL
- Any printed or written matter, any sample or device, dodger, circular, leaflet, pamphlet, newspaper, magazine, paper booklet or any other printed or otherwise reproduced original or copies of matter of literature not included in the aforesaid definitions of a commercial handbill or newspaper.
- A park, reservation, playground, beach, recreation center or any other public area in the Township, owned or used by the Township or other public entity and devoted to active or passive recreation.
- That part of the street lying between the property lines and that portion of the street right-of-way ordinarily used for vehicular traffic.
- Any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company or organization of any kind.
- PRIVATE PREMISES
- Any dwelling, house, building or other structure designed or used, either wholly or in part, for the private residential purposes whether inhabited or temporarily or continuously uninhabited or vacant and shall include any yard, grounds, walk, driveway, porch, steps, vestibule or mailbox belonging or appurtenant to such dwelling, house, building or other structure.
- PUBLIC PLACE
- Any and all streets, sidewalks, boulevards, alleys or other public ways and any and all public parks, squares, spaces, grounds and buildings.
- All putrescible and nonputrescible solid waste (except body wastes), including garbage, rubbish, ashes, street cleaning, dead animals, abandoned automobiles and solid market and industrial wastes.
- Nonputrescible solid waste consisting of both combustible and noncombustible wastes, such as paper, wrappings, cigarettes, cardboard, tin cans, yard clippings, leaves, wood, glass, bedding, crockery and similar materials.
- The Charter Township of Northville, Wayne County, Michigan.
- Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, including devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
No person shall throw or deposit litter in or upon any street, sidewalk or other public place within the Township except in public receptacles, in authorized private receptacles for collection or in the official Township dump.
Persons placing litter in public receptacles or in authorized private receptacles shall do so in such a manner as to prevent it from being carried or deposited by the elements upon any street, sidewalk or other public place or upon private property.
No person shall sweep into or deposit in any gutter, street or other public place within the Township the accumulation of litter from any building or lot or from any public or private sidewalk or driveway in front of their business premises.
No person owning or occupying a place of business shall sweep into or deposit in any gutter, street or other public place within the Township the accumulation of litter from any building or lot or from any public place or private sidewalk or driveway. Persons owning or occupying places of business within the Township shall keep the sidewalk and parkway in front of their business premises free of litter.
No person, while a driver or passenger in a vehicle, shall throw or deposit litter upon any street or other public place within the Township or upon private property.
No person shall drive or move any truck or other vehicle within the Township unless such vehicle is so constructed or loaded as to prevent any load, contents or litter from being blown or deposited upon any street, alley or other public place nor shall any person drive or move any vehicle or truck within the Township, the wheels or tires of which carry onto or deposit in any street, alley or other public place mud, dirt, stick substances, litter or foreign matter of any kind.
All trucks, trailers or other types of containers hauling garbage, paper, wood, rubbish, metal and/or any other type of material likely to blow or fall off onto the roadway or shoulders shall be in a closed container or covered with a tarpaulin or other device sufficient to contain the items herein mentioned.
No person shall throw or deposit litter in any park within the Township except in public receptacles and in such a manner that the litter will be prevented from being carried or deposited by the elements upon any part of the park or upon any street or other public place. Where public receptacles are not provided, all such litter shall be carried away from the park by the person responsible for its presence and properly disposed of elsewhere as provided herein.
No person shall throw or deposit litter in any fountain, pond, lake, stream, bay or any other body of water in a park or elsewhere within the Township.
No person shall throw or deposit any commercial or noncommercial handbill in or upon any sidewalk, street or other public place within the Township nor shall any person hand out or distribute or sell any commercial handbill in any public place, provided, however, that it shall not be unlawful on any sidewalk, street other public place within the Township for any person to hand out or distribute without charge to the receiver thereof any noncommercial handbill to any person willing to accept it.
No person shall throw or deposit any commercial or noncommercial handbill in or upon any vehicle; provided, however, that it shall not be unlawful in any public place for a person to hand out or distribute without charge to the receiver thereof a noncommercial handbill to any occupant of a vehicle who is willing to accept it.
No person shall throw or deposit any commercial or noncommercial handbill in or upon any private premises which are temporarily or continuously uninhabited or vacant.
No person shall throw, deposit or distribute any commercial or noncommercial handbill upon any private premises, if requested by anyone thereon not to do so or if there is placed on said premises in a conspicuous position near the entrance thereof a sign bearing the words: "No Trespassing," "No Advertisement" or any similar notice, indicating in any matter that the occupants of said premises do not desire to be molested or have their right of privacy disturbed or to have any such handbills left upon such premises.
No person shall throw, deposit or distribute any commercial or noncommercial handbill in or upon any private premises which are inhabited except by handing or transmitting any such handbills directly to the owner, occupant or other person then present in or upon such private premises; provided, however, that in case of inhabited private premises which are not posted as provided in this chapter, such person, unless requested by anyone upon such premises not to do so, may place or deposit any such handbill in or upon such inhabited private premises if such handbill is so placed or deposited as to secure or prevent such handbill from being blown or drifted about such premises or sidewalks streets or other public places, except that mailboxes may not be so used when so prohibited by federal postal law or regulations.
The provisions of this chapter shall not be deemed to apply to the distribution of mail by the United States nor to newspapers as defined in this chapter nor to political or religious literature. The provisions of this chapter shall also not apply to the literature of civic associations or service clubs.
No person in an aircraft shall throw out, drop or deposit within the Township any liter, handbill or any other object.
No person shall post or affix any notice, poster or other paper or device calculated to attract the attention of the public to any lamppost, public utility pole or shade tree or upon any public structure or building except as may be authorized by law or required by law.
No person shall throw or deposit litter on any occupied private property within the Township, whether owned by such person or not, except that the owner or person in control of private property may maintain authorized private receptacles for collection in such manner that litter will be prevented from being carried or deposited by the elements upon any street, sidewalk or other public place or upon any private property.
The owner or person in control of any private property shall at all times maintain the premises free of litter; provided, however, that this section shall not prohibit the storage of litter in authorized private receptacles for collection.
No person shall throw or deposit litter on any open vacant private property within the Township, whether owned by such person or not.
Notice to remove. The Township Supervisor is hereby authorized and empowered to notify the owner of any open or vacant private property within the Township or the agent of such owner to properly dispose of litter located on such owner's property which is dangerous to public health, safety or welfare. Such notices shall be by certified mail with return receipt requested and addressed to said owner at his last known address.
Action upon noncompliance. Upon the failure, neglect or refusal of any owner or agent so notified to properly dispose of litter dangerous to the public health, safety or welfare within five days after receipt of written notice provided for in Subsection A or within 10 days after the date of such notice in the event the same is returned to the local Post Office Department because of its inability to make delivery thereof, provided that the same was properly addressed to the last known address of such owner or agent as it appears on the tax roll, the Township Supervisor and his authorized representatives are thereby authorized and empowered to pay for the disposing of such litter or to order its disposal by the Township.
Reimbursement to Township; tax lien. Whenever the Township Supervisor or his authorized representatives shall enter upon any parcel of land in order to accomplish abatement of an existing violation pursuant to provisions of this chapter, the Township Supervisor is hereby authorized and directed to keep an accurate account of all expenses incurred and, based upon same, issue a certificate determining and certify the reasonable cost involved for such work with respect to each parcel of property. The Township Supervisor is also authorized to add to such costs an administrative charge of 10% to cover the expense of administering the work performed, overhead and other contingent expenses. Within 10 days after receipt of said certificate, the Township Supervisor shall forward a statement of the total charges assessed on each parcel of property to the owner as shown by the last current assessment of tax roll, and said assessment shall be payable to the Township Treasurer within 30 days from the date said statement was forwarded. If not paid within the prescribed thirty-day period, such statement shall be filed with the Township Assessor and shall thereupon be assessed against the land in question and become a lien on such property. The amount so charged may be discharged at any time by the payment of the amount specified in the statement together with interest at the rate of 6% per annum compiled from the time of filing said certificate with the Township Assessor.
Any minor, as defined in this state's probate code, who violates any provision of this chapter shall be dealt with by the Juvenile Division of the Probate Court or as otherwise prescribed by state law.