City of Rochester, NY
Monroe County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
The C-1 Neighborhood Center District provides for small-scale commercial uses offering primarily convenience shopping and services for adjacent residential areas. Proximity to residences requires that commercial operations in the C-1 District are low intensity, unobtrusive and conducted at a scale and density compatible with the surrounding neighborhood. There is a relatively low demand on public services, transportation and utilities.
The following uses are permitted in the C-1 District when conducted entirely within an enclosed building:
A. 
Attached single-family dwellings.
B. 
Dwelling units when part of a mixed-use development with other permitted commercial uses.
C. 
Live-work space, subject to the additional requirements for specified uses in § 120-142.1.
[Amended 6-17-2003 by Ord. No. 2003-183]
D. 
Bed-and-breakfast establishments, subject to the additional requirements for specified uses in § 120-132.
E. 
Family and group family day-care homes.
F. 
Adult family day-care homes.
G. 
Day-care centers, subject to the additional requirements for specified uses in § 120-135.
H. 
Places of worship.
I. 
Convents and rectories.
J. 
Public and semipublic uses, except as otherwise listed in § 120-35.
[Amended 7-19-2011 by Ord. No. 2011-247[1]]
[1]
Editor’s Note: This ordinance provided an effective date of 9-1-2011.
K. 
Retail sales and service operating between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.; provided, however, that retail sales and service establishments licensed by New York State to sell alcoholic beverages pursuant to the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law may operate beyond the hours specified herein to the extent that the alcoholic beverage license so provides.
[Amended 9-19-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-363; 2-18-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-39; 8-9-2016 by Ord. No. 2016-263]
L. 
[2]Limited entertainment, not including sexually oriented uses.
[Added 11-12-2019 by Ord. No. 2019-325]
[2]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection L, regarding low-impact retail sales and services, added 9-19-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-363, was repealed 2-18-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-39. See now Subsection K.
M. 
(Reserved)[3]
[3]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection M, regarding specialty retail sales and services, added 9-19-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-363, was repealed 2-18-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-39. See now Subsection K.
N. 
Offices between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.
O. 
Restaurants, including outdoor seating and assembly but excluding drive-through facilities, operating between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.
[Added 9-19-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-363; amended 11-17-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-355; 8-9-2016 by Ord. No. 2016-261]
P. 
Restaurants licensed by New York State to sell alcoholic beverages for on-premises consumption pursuant to the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law, including accessory outdoor seating/assembly areas but excluding drive-through facilities, provided that the outdoor seating/assembly areas shall operate only between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.
[Added 11-17-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-355[4]; amended 8-9-2016 by Ord. No. 2016-261]
[4]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also redesignated former Subsection P, concerning mixed uses, as Subsection R.
Q. 
Bars, including accessory outdoor seating/assembly areas, except that the outdoor seating/assembly areas shall operate only between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.
[Added 11-17-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-355; amended 8-9-2016 by Ord. No. 2016-261]
R. 
Mixed uses, as listed in this section, not including industrial uses.[5]
[Added 9-21-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-323]
[5]
Editor’s Note: Former Subsection S, providing the hours of operation for accessory outdoor seating/assembly areas, added 11-17-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-355, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 8-9-2016 by Ord. No. 2016-261.
The following uses are allowed as special permit uses in the C-1 District:
A. 
Community garages and parking lots.
B. 
Parks and recreational areas.
C. 
Homeless residential facilities, subject to the additional requirements for specified uses in § 120-140.
D. 
Hospice.
E. 
Residential care facilities, subject to the additional requirements for specified uses in § 120-146.
F. 
Public utilities, subject to the additional requirements for specified uses in § 120-144.
G. 
Ancillary parking lots , subject to the additional requirements for specified uses in § 120-131.[1]
[Amended 6-17-2003 by Ord. No. 2003-183]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsections H, Bar, cocktail lounge and tavern, and I, Restaurants, which immediately followed this subsection, were repealed 9-19-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-363, which ordinance also redesignated former Subsections J and K as Subsections H and I, respectively.
H. 
Offices operating beyond the hours of 6:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m.
I. 
Retail sales and services operating beyond the hours of 6:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m.; provided, however, that retail sales and service establishments licensed by New York State to sell alcoholic beverages pursuant to the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law shall not be required to obtain a special permit to operate beyond the hours specified herein to the extent that the alcoholic beverage license authorizes the additional operating hours.
[Amended 2-18-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-39; 8-9-2016 by Ord. No. 2016-263]
The following lot, area and yard requirements shall apply to the C-1 District:
A. 
Lot frontage requirements.
(1) 
Residential uses.
(a) 
Minimum lot frontage: N/A.
(2) 
Nonresidential uses.
(a) 
Minimum lot frontage: N/A.
B. 
Lot area requirements.
(1) 
Residential uses.
(a) 
Minimum lot area: N/A.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection B(1)(b) and (c), providing maximum building coverage and maximum lot coverage, respectively, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 9-21-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-323.
(2) 
Nonresidential uses.
(a) 
Minimum lot area: N/A.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection B(2)(b) and (c), providing maximum building coverage and maximum lot coverage, respectively, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 9-21-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-323.
C. 
Yard requirements.
(1) 
Residential uses.
(a) 
Maximum front yard setback: zero to five feet or average front yard depth of building(s) along the corridor and within the commercial district where the property is located, but in no case more than five feet larger or smaller than the average of the front yard depth on buildings on the two adjoining lots. In cases where a specific design guideline or concept plan has been adopted, the recommended setbacks shall be followed.
(b) 
Side yards.
[1] 
Minimum side yard, principal use or structure: zero feet unless adjacent to a residential district, in which case the side yard shall be the same as the adjacent residential district.
[2] 
Minimum side yard, detached accessory use or structure: N/A.
(c) 
Rear yard.
[1] 
Minimum rear yard, principal use or structure: zero feet unless adjacent to a residential district, in which case the rear yard shall be the same as the adjacent residential district.
[2] 
Minimum rear yard, detached accessory use or structure: N/A.
(2) 
Nonresidential uses.
(a) 
Maximum front yard setback: zero to five feet. In cases where a specific design guideline or concept plan has been adopted, the recommended setbacks shall be followed.
[Amended 9-21-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-323]
(b) 
Side yards.
[1] 
Minimum side yard, principal use or structure: zero feet unless adjacent to a residential district, in which case the side yard shall be the same as the adjacent residential district.
[2] 
Minimum side yard, detached accessory use or structure: N/A.
(c) 
Rear yard.
[1] 
Minimum rear yard, principal use or structure: zero feet unless adjacent to a residential district, in which case the rear yard shall be the same as the adjacent residential district.
[2] 
Minimum rear yard, detached accessory use or structure: N/A.
D. 
Corner lots. Corner lot front setbacks shall reflect the front setbacks of the other corner buildings at that intersection and shall have average front yard depth of building(s) on the block on which the property is located.
The following requirements shall apply to buildings constructed in the C-1 District:
A. 
Building heights.
(1) 
Minimum building height, principal use or structure: two stories or 20 feet.
[Amended 6-17-2003 by Ord. No. 2003-183]
(2) 
Maximum building height, detached accessory use or structure: 15 feet.
B. 
Square footage.
[Amended 9-19-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-363]
(1) 
Residential uses.
(a) 
Maximum square footage, any or each use: N/A.
(b) 
Maximum square footage, detached accessory use or structure: N/A.
(2) 
Nonresidential uses.
(a) 
Maximum square footage, principal use or structure: 3,000 square feet.
(b) 
Maximum square footage, detached accessory use or structure: 1,000 square feet.
(3) 
Mixed uses.
(a) 
Maximum square footage, each nonresidential use: 3,000 square feet.
(b) 
Maximum square footage, detached accessory use or structure: 1,000 square feet.
[Amended 6-17-2003 by Ord. No. 2003-183; 9-19-2017 by Ord. No. 2017-299]
The following summarizes the requirements for the C-1 District.
Summary Chart of C-1 Regulations
Requirement
Residential
Nonresidential
Attached Single-Family Dwellings
Minimum lot frontage
N/A
N/A
Minimum lot area
N/A
N/A
Front Yard
Maximum front yard setback
0 feet to 5 feet or average front yard depth of building(s) along the corridor and within the commercial district where the property is located
0 feet to 5 feet; in cases where a specific design guideline or concept plan has been adopted, the recommended setbacks shall be followed
Side Yard
Minimum side yard, principal use or structure
0 feet unless adjacent to a residential district, in which case the side yard shall be the same as the adjacent residential district
0 feet unless adjacent to a residential district, in which case the side yard shall be the same as the adjacent residential district
Minimum side yard, detached accessory use or structure
N/A
N/A
Rear Yard
Minimum rear yard, principal use or structure
0 feet unless adjacent to a residential district, in which case the rear yard shall be the same as the adjacent residential district
0 feet unless adjacent to a residential district, in which case the rear yard shall be the same as the adjacent residential district
Minimum rear yard, detached accessory use or structure
N/A
N/A
Bulk
Minimum building height
2 stories or 20 feet
2 stories or 20 feet
Maximum building height, detached accessory use or structure
15 feet
15 feet
Maximum square footage, principal use or structure
N/A
3,000 square feet
Maximum square footage, detached accessory use or structure
N/A
1,000 square feet
Personal wireless telecommunication facilities in the C-1 District shall be regulated as outlined in § 120-143, Personal wireless telecommunication facilities.
The applicable City-Wide Design Guidelines and Standards (Article XIX) and Requirements Applying to All Districts (Article XX) in this chapter shall apply to all uses in the C-1 District.