Questions about eCode360? Municipal users Join us daily between 12pm and 1pm EDT to get answers and other tips!
Borough of Bay Head, NJ
Ocean County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
In all areas of special flood hazards, the following provisions are required:
A. 
Anchoring.
(1) 
All new construction and substantial improvements shall be anchored to prevent flotation, collapse or lateral movement of the structure.
(2) 
All manufactured homes shall be anchored to resist flotation, collapse or lateral movement. Methods of anchoring may include, but are not limited to, use of over-the-top or frame ties to ground anchors. This requirement is in addition to applicable state and local anchoring requirements for resisting wind forces.
B. 
Construction materials and methods.
(1) 
All new construction and substantial improvements shall be constructed with materials and utility equipment resistant to flood damage.
(2) 
All new construction or substantial improvements shall be constructed using methods and practices that minimize flood damage.
C. 
Utilities.
(1) 
All new and replacement water supply systems shall be designed to minimize or eliminate infiltration of floodwaters into the system.
(2) 
New and replacement sanitary sewerage systems shall be designed to minimize or eliminate infiltration of floodwaters into the systems and discharges from the systems into floodwaters.
(3) 
On-site waste disposal systems shall be located to avoid impairment to them or contamination from them during flooding.
(4) 
Electrical, heating, ventilation, plumbing and air-conditioning equipment and other service facilities shall be designed and/or located so as to prevent water from entering or accumulating within the components during conditions of flooding.
D. 
Subdivision proposals.
(1) 
All subdivision proposals and other new development shall be consistent with the need to minimize flood damage.
(2) 
All subdivision proposals and other new development shall have public utilities and facilities, such as sewer, gas, electrical and water systems, located and constructed to minimize flood damage.
(3) 
All subdivision proposals and other proposed new development shall have adequate drainage provided to reduce exposure to flood damage.
(4) 
Base flood elevation data shall be provided for subdivision proposals and other proposed new developments which contain at least 50 lots or five acres, whichever is less.
E. 
Enclosure openings. All new construction and substantial improvements having fully enclosed areas below the lowest floor that are usable solely for parking of vehicles, building access or storage in an area other than a basement and which are subject to flooding shall be designed to automatically equalize hydrostatic flood forces on exterior walls by allowing for the entry and exit of floodwaters. Designs for meeting this requirement must either be certified by a registered professional engineer or architect or must meet or exceed the following minimum criteria:
(1) 
A minimum of two openings having a total net area of not less than one square inch for every square foot of enclosed area subject to flooding shall be provided.
(2) 
The bottom of all openings shall be no higher than one foot above grade.
(3) 
Openings may be equipped with screens, louvers or other coverings or devices, provided that they permit the automatic entry and exit of floodwaters.
[Amended 8-5-2013 by Ord. No. 2013-08]
In all areas of special flood hazards where base flood elevation data have been provided as set forth in § 126-7, Basis for establishing areas of special flood hazard, or in § 126-14B, Use of other base flood data, the following standards are required:
A. 
Residential construction.
(1) 
New construction and substantial improvement of any residential structure shall have the lowest floor, including basement together with the attendant utilities and sanitary facilities, elevated above the base flood elevation or best available flood hazard data whichever is the more restrictive standard in compliance with applicable construction codes plus one foot of freeboard;
(2) 
Require within any AO Zone on the municipality's FIRM that all new construction and substantial improvement of any residential structure shall have the lowest floor, including basement, elevated above the highest adjacent grade at least as high as the depth number specified in feet (at least two feet if no depth number is specified) or at or above the base flood elevation or best available flood hazard data, whichever is more restrictive in compliance with applicable construction codes plus one foot of freeboard. And, require adequate drainage paths around structures on slopes to guide floodwaters around and away from proposed structures.
B. 
Nonresidential construction. In an area of special flood hazard, all new construction and substantial improvement of any commercial, industrial or other nonresidential structure shall have the lowest floor, including basement together with the attendant utilities and sanitary facilities:
(1) 
Either:
(a) 
Elevated to or above the base flood elevation or best available flood hazard data whichever is the more restrictive standard; and
(b) 
Require within any AO Zone on the municipality's DFIRM that all new construction and substantial improvement of any commercial, industrial or other nonresidential structure shall have the lowest floor, including basement, elevated above the highest adjacent grade at least as high as the depth number specified in feet (at least two feet if no depth number is specified) or at or above the best available flood hazard data whichever is more restrictive. And, require adequate drainage paths around structures on slopes to guide floodwaters around and away from proposed structures;
(2) 
Or:
(a) 
Be floodproofed so that below the base flood level or best available flood hazard data (whichever is more restrictive) the structure is watertight with walls substantially impermeable to the passage of water;
(b) 
Have structural components capable of resisting hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and effects of buoyancy; and
(c) 
Be certified by a registered professional engineer or architect that the design and methods of construction are in accordance with accepted standards of practice for meeting the applicable provisions of this subsection. Such certification shall be provided to the official as set forth in § 126-14C(2).
C. 
Manufactured homes.
(1) 
Manufactured homes shall be anchored in accordance with § 126-17A(2).
(2) 
All manufactured homes to be placed or substantially improved within an area of special flood hazard shall be elevated on a permanent foundation such that the top of the lowest floor is at or above the base flood elevation or best available flood hazard data whichever is more restrictive.
Coastal high-hazard areas (V Zones or VE Zones) are located within the areas of special flood hazard established in § 126-7. These areas have special flood hazards associated with high-velocity waters from tidal surges and hurricane wave wash; therefore, the following provisions shall apply:
A. 
Location of structures.
(1) 
All buildings or structures shall be located landward of the reach of the mean high tide.
(2) 
The placement of manufactured homes shall be prohibited, except in an existing manufactured home park or manufactured home subdivision.
B. 
Construction methods.
(1) 
Elevation. All new construction and substantial improvements shall be elevated on piling or columns so that the bottom of the lowest horizontal structural member of the lowest floor, excluding the piling or columns, is elevated to or above the base flood elevation or advisory base flood elevation whichever is more restrictive, with all space below the lowest floor's supporting member open so as not to impede the flow of water, except for breakaway walls as provided for in § 126-19B(4).
(2) 
Structural support.
(a) 
All new construction and substantial improvements shall be securely anchored on piling or columns.
(b) 
The pile or column foundation and structure attached thereto shall be anchored to resist flotation, collapse or lateral movement due to the effects of wind and water loading values, each of which shall have a one-percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year one-hundred-year mean recurrence interval).
(c) 
There shall be no fill used for structural support.
(3) 
Certification. A registered professional engineer or architect shall develop or review the structural design specifications and plans for the construction and shall certify that the design and methods of construction to be used are in accordance with accepted standards of practice for compliance with the provisions of § 126-19B(1) and (2)(a) and (b).
(4) 
Space below the lowest floor.
(a) 
Any alteration, repair, reconstruction or improvement to a structure started after the enactment of this chapter shall not enclose the space below the lowest floor unless breakaway walls, open wood latticework or insect screening are used as provided for in this section.
(b) 
Breakaway walls, open wood latticework or insect screening shall be allowed below the base flood elevation, provided that they are intended to collapse under wind and water loads without causing collapse, displacement or other structural damage to the elevated portion of the building or supporting foundation system. Breakaway walls shall be designed for a safe loading resistance of not less than 10 and no more than 20 pounds per square foot. Use of breakaway walls which exceed a design safe loading of 20 pounds per square foot (either by design or when so required by local or state codes) may be permitted only if a registered professional engineer or architect certifies that the designs proposed meet the following conditions:
[1] 
Breakaway wall collapse shall result from a water load less than that which would occur during the base flood; and
[2] 
The elevated portion of the building and supporting foundation system shall not be subject to collapse, displacement or other structural damage due to the effects of wind and water load acting simultaneously on all building components (structural and nonstructural). Water loading values used shall be those associated with the base flood. Wind loading values used shall be those required by applicable State or local building standards.
(c) 
If breakaway walls are utilized, such as enclosed space shall be used solely for parking of vehicles, building access, or storage and not for human habitation.
(d) 
Prior to construction, plans for any breakaway wall must be submitted to the Construction Code Official for approval.
C. 
Sand dunes. There shall be no man-made alteration of sand dunes within Zones VE and V on the community's DFIRM which would increase potential flood damage.