The off-street parking and loading provisions of this chapter shall apply as follows:
For all buildings and structures erected and all uses of land established after the effective date of this chapter, accessory parking and loading facilities shall be provided as required in this article.
When the intensity of use of any building, structure or premises shall be increased through addition of dwelling units, gross floor area, seating capacity or other units of measurement specified herein for required parking and loading facilities, parking and loading facilities shall be provided for such increase in intensity of use.
Whenever the existing use of a building, structure or land shall hereafter be changed to a new use, parking and loading facilities shall be provided as required for such new use. However, if the existing use of land or structure was established prior to the effective date of this chapter, additional parking or loading facilities are mandatory only in the amount by which the requirements for the new use would exceed those for the existing use if the latter were subject to the parking and loading provisions of this chapter.
Parking structures in DD, INS-1, INS-2 and SC Districts:
Parking structures of multiple levels shall incorporate usable commercial space for retail, office or similar uses into its design when such structure is proposed on a lot containing frontage on a public street other than a twenty-foot-wide alley.
The commercial area of a parking structure shall, except for incidental access drives, occupy the facade area of the first floor for the entire length of the structure and shall provide direct pedestrian access from the sidewalk into the commercial area.
For uses not specifically listed, the same requirements shall apply as for the most similar use listed in § 595-179.
For mixed uses, total requirements shall be the sum of the requirements of the component uses computed separately, except for the Downtown District (DD), where the total requirements may be reduced by 1/2.
All off-street parking spaces shall be of a size no less than nine feet wide and 18 feet deep unless otherwise specified in § 595-184, not including maneuvering space, whether inside or outside of a structure, for the purpose of long- or short-term standing of automotive vehicles, to be used exclusively as a parking stall for one automotive vehicle.
All on-street parking spaces shall be no less than seven feet wide and 22 feet long.
In all districts, when the required parking area or number of parking spaces calculated as provided in § 595-179 results in the requirements of a fractional space, any fraction of 1/2 or greater shall be construed as requiring a full space.
For the purpose of determining the minimum maneuvering area required for any array of five or more off-street parking spaces, the parking schedule shown in this section shall be complied with. When angles other than those listed are proposed, review and approval by the Planning Commission shall be required.
In off-street parking areas in excess of 20 spaces, up to 25% of the total spaces may be designed and clearly designated for compact cars. In such areas the required stall width (B) shall be reduced by one foot and required stall-to-curb length (C) shall be reduced by two feet.
The number of spaces in a common parking area required for two or more uses may be reduced below the required sum total for such uses through special exception procedure, if it can be demonstrated to the Planning Commission and Zoning Hearing Board that the hours or days of peak parking needed for the use are so different that a lesser total will provide adequately for all uses served by the facility, based on a publication entitled "Shared Parking," Second Edition, 2005, or the most recent version thereof, by the Urban Land Institute (ULI). Developers, owners or tenants of premises who seek to satisfy parking requirements pursuant to this section by utilization of a joint-use common parking area which they do not own shall enter into, provide for City review, and maintain a legally enforceable agreement for the use of the joint-use common parking area which is acceptable in form to the City Solicitor, and which shall continuously provide for the use of that number of parking spaces deemed adequate by the Planning Commission, Zoning Hearing Board or Zoning Administrator with jurisdiction over the application. This agreement shall remain valid and in full force and effect at all times during which satisfaction of parking requirements requires utilization of the joint-use common parking area. The City Zoning Administrator shall be notified by the property owner who requires the parking of the termination or any material changes or amendments to such agreement within 10 days of such change.
For the purpose of servicing any property held under single and separate ownership, entrance and exit drives shall be limited to two along the frontage of any single street. The location, sight distance and design of such drive shall be subject to the standards used by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, where appropriate, and otherwise subject to the review and approval of the City Engineer.
In no case shall off-street parking areas for three or more vehicles be designed to require or encourage vehicles to back into a public street in order to leave the lot.
Off-street parking spaces are not permitted in front of the minimum building setback line and shall be at least four feet from any side or rear lot line, except for the additional requirements in buffer yards.
All off-street parking areas of over five spaces shall be separated from any public street or adjacent property line by a landscaped buffer area as defined in § 595-168A to protect adjacent areas. Required yard areas may be used for this purpose.
All off-street parking areas of over five spaces, including access drives, shall be provided with a bituminous, concrete or other permanent surface, and all stalls shall be clearly marked with white line stripe paint.
All artificial lighting used to illuminate any off-street parking space or spaces shall be so arranged that no direct rays from such lighting shall fall upon any neighboring property or streets.
A substantial guide rail of masonry, steel or heavy timber, the average height of one foot to 2.2 feet, shall be placed near all lot lines to protect pedestrians and adjoining structures and property abutting any off-street parking or loading area containing five spaces or more.
No off-street parking spaces shall be located in the front yard area of the lot. Off-street parking areas shall be designed and configured so as to minimize the visibility of parking from any street or pedestrian sidewalk. For purposes of this subsection, the "front yard" of the lot shall be defined in § 595-10, Word usage; terms and words defined.
New driveways shall be accessible from an alley.
All parking spaces required herein shall be located on the same lot as they are intended to serve; however, where, in the opinion of the Zoning Administrator, practical difficulties prevent such an arrangement, they may be established within 600 feet of the premises they are intended to serve.
[Added 9-24-2008 by Ord. No. 5120]
In connection with any building or structure which is to be erected or substantially altered and which requires the receipt or distribution of materials or merchandise by trucks or similar vehicles, there shall be provided off-street loading berths not less than the minimum requirements specified below:
Service vehicle areas. Areas provided for loading and unloading of delivery trucks and other vehicles and for the servicing of shops by refuel, collection, fuels and other service vehicles shall be so arranged that they may be used without:
Location. All required loading berths shall be located on the same lot as the use to be served, and no portion of the vehicles shall project into any traffic lane.
Size. A required off-street loading berth shall be at least 10 feet in width by at least 40 feet in length, exclusive of aisle and maneuvering space, and shall have vertical clearance of at least 14 feet.
Access. All required off-street loading berths shall be designed with appropriate means of vehicular access to an interior drive in a manner which will least interfere with traffic movements and shall be subject to approval of the Office of the City Engineer. They shall have all-weather surfaces to provide safe and convenient access during all seasons. All access areas shall further be set back from street intersections as required by § 595-187A.
Surfacing. All open off-street loading berths shall be paved.
Repair and service. No storage of any kind or motor vehicle repair work of any kind, except emergency work, shall be permitted within any required loading berth.
Space allowed. Space allowed to any off-street loading berth shall not, while so allocated, be used to satisfy the space requirements for any off-street parking facilities or portions thereof. Required off-street parking spaces shall not be used for loading and unloading purposes except during hours when business operations are suspended.
The above requirements for off-street loading may be modified based on review of the City Engineer and/or the Easton Police Department. In no case shall a use that requires at least one off-street loading berth, as detailed above, have less than one off-street loading berth, subject to dimensional modification as approved by the City Engineer and/or Easton Police Department.
[Added 5-9-2018 by Ord. No. 5636]
All off-street parking areas of five or more spaces shall be illuminated such that public security and safety is maintained. All lighting shall be directed away from property so as to not cause glare or other nuisances to adjacent properties.
In addition to required buffering along the perimeter of off-street parking areas, interior landscaping shall be provided in accordance with the following standards:
No less than one canopy tree shall be provided for every five vehicles served by the facility.
The location of shade trees shall be evenly distributed throughout the parking area to create maximum shade to parked vehicles and minimum disruption of pedestrian and vehicular traffic flow and visibility.
Where possible, shade trees and other landscaping should be planted in otherwise unusable areas. However, no continuous row of parking stalls shall exceed 10 spaces without one separate planter equal in size to the adjacent stalls.
Trees shall be provided to the extent that 20 years from the date of planting, tree canopies will provide a minimum of 50% coverage of the parking lot area. The area of the parking lot is the square foot area of the parking spaces and aisles and interior parking lot islands, excluding access drives that do not contain either parallel or perpendicular parking spaces. The extent of canopy at maturity shall be based on published reference texts, generally accepted by certified design professionals, nurserymen and arborists.
Editor's Note: Original Section 1365.15, On-street parking standards, which immediately followed this subsection, was repealed 9-24-2008 by Ord. No. 5120.