City of Fairfax, MN
Renville County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Fairfax 6-1-2004 by Ord. No. 216. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Street and sidewalks — See Ch. 204.
Vehicles and traffic — See Ch. 239.
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
BICYCLE
Every device propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels except scooters and similar devices and including any device generally recognized as a bicycle though equipped with two front or rear wheels.
BICYCLE LANE
A portion of a roadway or shoulder designed for exclusive or preferential use by persons using bicycles. Bicycle lanes are to be distinguished from the portion of the roadway or shoulder used for motor vehicle traffic by physical barrier, striping, or marking, or other similar device.
BICYCLE TRAIL
A bicycle route or bicycle path developed by the commissioner of natural resources under Minn. Stat. § 85.016.
BIKEWAY
A bicycle lane, bicycle path, or bicycle route, regardless of whether it is designed for the exclusive use of bicycles or is to be shared with other transportation modes.
BUSINESS DISTRICT
Area bound by T.H. 19 and 2nd Ave. SE., including Park Street, 1st Ave. SE, 1st St. SE, 2nd Ave. SE.
ELECTRIC-ASSISTED BICYCLE
A motor vehicle with two or three wheels that:
A. 
Has a saddle and fully operable pedals for human propulsion;
B. 
Meets the requirements of federal motor vehicle safety standards in Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Sections 571.01 et seq.; and
C. 
Has an electric motor that:
(1) 
Has a power output of not more than 1,000 watts;
(2) 
Is incapable of propelling the vehicle at a speed of more than 20 miles per hour;
(3) 
Is incapable of further increasing the speed of the device when human power alone is used to propel the vehicle at a speed of more than 20 miles per hour; and
(4) 
Disengages or ceases to function when the vehicle's brakes are applied.
ELECTRIC PERSONAL ASSISTIVE MOBILITY DEVICE
A self-balancing device with two nontandem wheels, designed to transport not more than one person, and operated by an electric propulsion system that limits the maximum speed of the device to 15 miles per hour.
MOTORIZED BICYCLE
A bicycle that is propelled by a motor of a piston displacement capacity of 50 cubic centimeters or less, and a maximum of two brake horsepower, which is capable of a maximum speed of not more than 30 miles per hour on a flat surface with not more than one-percent grade in any direction when the motor is engaged. "Motorized bicycle" includes an electric-assisted bicycle as defined.
Every person riding a bicycle upon a highway shall be granted all of the rights, and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by this traffic code, except as to special regulations in this traffic code, and except as to those provisions of this traffic code which by their nature can have no application.
A. 
A person propelling a bicycle shall not ride other than upon or astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto.
B. 
No bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped, except that an adult rider may carry a child securely attached to his person in a back pack or sling.
No person riding upon any bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled, or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself to any vehicle upon a roadway.
A. 
Any person operating a bicycle or motorized pedalcycle upon a roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall ride as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway except under the following situations:
(1) 
When overtaking and passing another bicycle, motorized pedalcycle, or vehicle proceeding in the same direction; or
(2) 
When preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway; or
(3) 
When reasonably necessary to avoid conditions, including, but not limited to, fixed or moving objects, parked or moving vehicles, bicycles, motorized pedalcycles, pedestrians, animals, surface hazards, or substandard width lanes that make it unsafe to continue along the right-hand curb or edge. For purposes of this subsection, a "substandard width lane" means a lane that is too narrow for a bicycle or motorized pedalcycle and a vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane.
B. 
Any person operating a bicycle or motorized pedalcycle upon a one-way highway with two or more marked traffic lanes may ride as near the left-hand curb or edge of the roadway as practicable.
C. 
Persons riding bicycles or motorized pedalcycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two abreast, except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for their exclusive use. Persons riding two abreast shall not impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic and, on a laned roadway, shall ride within a single lane subject to the provisions of Subsections A and B above.
D. 
Riding bicycles abreast. Persons riding bicycles upon a roadway shall ride not more than two abreast in a single lane, except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles or motorcycles.
E. 
Riding on sidewalk.
(1) 
Except as provided in § 85-10C, and Subsection E(2) below, it shall be legal to operate a bicycle upon a sidewalk when sidewalks are available and not congested with pedestrian traffic. If the sidewalk is congested with pedestrian traffic, any bicycle operator using the sidewalk shall walk the bicycle.
(2) 
No person shall ride a bicycle upon a sidewalk, upon or along which signs have been erected by authority of the City Council prohibiting such bicycle riding.
(3) 
A person propelling a bicycle upon and along a sidewalk, or across a roadway upon and along a crosswalk, shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give audible signal before overtaking and passing such pedestrian. This audible signal may be given by the voice or by a bell or other warning device capable of giving an audible signal and shall be given at such a distance and in such a manner as not to startle person or persons being overtaken and passed.
(4) 
A person operating a bicycle upon a sidewalk, before overtaking and passing a blind person carrying a white cane or guided by a dog, shall dismount and overtake or pass on foot, if necessary for safety.
(5) 
A person shall not operate a bicycle from a sidewalk so as to suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and move into the path of a vehicle that is so close as to constitute an immediate hazard.
(6) 
No person shall operate a bicycle on a sidewalk at a speed greater than an ordinary walk when approaching or entering a crosswalk or approaching or crossing a driveway if a vehicle is approaching the crosswalk or driveway. This subsection does not require reduced speeds for bicycles when other vehicles are not present.
F. 
Riding on bike trail. Bicycles, electric personal assistive mobility devices that are designed for the operator to be seated, roller blades and skateboards shall be permitted on the bike trail. All other motorized devices/vehicles are prohibited.
G. 
Parking.
(1) 
No person shall park a bicycle upon a sidewalk in such a manner so as to unduly interfere with pedestrian traffic, or upon a roadway so as to unduly interfere with vehicular traffic.
(2) 
Bicycles shall be parked in such a manner as not to interfere with building entrances.
No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle, or article which prevents the use of both hands in the control and operation of the bicycle. A person operating a bicycle shall keep at least one hand on the handlebars at all times.
A. 
Every bicycle when in use at nighttime shall be equipped with a lamp on the front which shall emit a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front, and with a red reflector on the rear of a type approved by the State Department of Transportation which shall be visible from all distances from 100 feet to 600 feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful lower beams of headlamps on a motor vehicle. A lamp emitting a red light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector.
B. 
A bicycle shall not be equipped with, nor shall any person use upon a bicycle, any siren.
C. 
Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will adequately control movement of and stop and hold the bicycle.
D. 
No person shall sell a new bicycle or pedal for use on a bicycle that is not equipped with a reflex reflector conforming to specifications prescribed by the State Department of Transportation, on each pedal, visible from the front and rear of the bicycle during darkness from a distance of 200 feet.
E. 
No person shall sell or offer for sale a new bicycle that is not equipped with side reflectors. The reflectors shall be visible from each side of the bicycle from a distance of 500 feet, and shall be essentially colorless or red to the rear of the center of the bicycle and essentially colorless or amber to the front of the center of the bicycle. The requirements of this division may be met by reflective materials which shall be at least 3/16 inch wide on each side of each tire or rim to indicate as clearly as possible the continuous circular shape and size of the tires or rims of the bicycle, and which reflective materials may be of the same color on both the front and rear tire or rim. The reflectors shall conform to specifications prescribed by the State Department of Transportation.
Every motorized pedalcycle, when in use at nighttime, shall be equipped with a lamp on the front which shall emit a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front, and with a red reflector on the rear of a type approved by the State Department of Transportation which shall be visible from all distances from 100 feet to 600 feet to the rear when in front of lawful, low-powered beams of headlamps on a motor vehicle. A lamp emitting a red light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector.
A. 
The operator of a motorized pedalcycle shall ride only astride the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and shall not permit two persons to ride thereon at the same time, unless the motorized pedalcycle is designed to carry two persons. Any motorized pedalcycle designed for two persons must be equipped with a passenger seat and footrests for use of a passenger.
B. 
Neither the operator nor any passenger on a motorized pedalcycle shall be required to wear any special goggles, shield, helmet, or glasses, unless under the age of 18 then a helmet is required.
C. 
Sections 85-2 through 85-7 shall be applicable to the operation of motorized pedalcycles, except for those provisions which by their nature can have no application to motorized pedalcycles.
D. 
Persons operating a motorized pedalcycles are required to have a valid drivers license.
A. 
General prohibitions. No person shall bicycle anywhere in the City without complying with the terms of this section.
B. 
Due care for safety. No person shall ride a bicycle in a reckless manner within the City. No person shall ride a bicycle or bicycle ride without exercising due care for the safety of other persons and property.
C. 
Sidewalks. It shall be unlawful to ride any bicycle upon any sidewalk within the Business District as defined herein.
D. 
Traffic rules.
(1) 
All on-street operation of bicycles shall be conducted as far to the right of the traffic lane as possible, in a single file and flowing with traffic.
(2) 
All operations of bicycles shall be during daylight hours unless the operator has some type of reflective clothing or reflective strips on his or her clothing which can be seen from a distance of 500 feet to the rear and side.
(3) 
No person operating a bicycle shall attach himself or herself to any vehicle upon a roadway.
(4) 
All operations shall be consistent with the rules of the road established for bicycles.
A. 
General prohibition. No person shall roller skate, roller blade, skateboard or roller ski anywhere in the City without complying with the terms of this section. As used herein, to roller skate shall mean to roller skate on any type of roller skates or street skates.
B. 
Due care for safety. No person shall roller skate, scooter or skateboard in a reckless manner within the City. No person shall ride a skateboard, scooter or roller skate without exercising due care for the safety of other persons and property.
C. 
Traffic rules.
(1) 
All on-street operation of skateboards, scooters, in-line skates (roller blades and roller skies) and roller skates shall be conducted as far to the right of the traffic lane as possible, in a single file and flowing with traffic.
(2) 
All operations of these skateboards, scooters, in-line skates and roller skates shall be during daylight hours, unless the operator has some type of reflective clothing or reflective strips on his/her clothing which can be seen from a distance of 500 feet to the rear and side.
(3) 
No person operating roller skates shall attach him/her to any vehicle upon a roadway.
(4) 
All operations shall be consistent with the rules of the road established for bicycles.
D. 
Prohibition on skating at certain time and in certain designated areas.
(1) 
Business district. It shall be unlawful for any person to operate or ride a skateboard, roller skates, scooters, roller skies or roller blades in the business district.
(2) 
Posted private property. On private property where a sign prohibiting such use has been posted by the owner, lessee or person in charge of the property. All persons operating such devices described herein shall yield the right-of-way to other pedestrians using public sidewalks and streets and shall not otherwise endanger or interfere with traffic.
These devices shall be treated as bicycles, and be subject to the same regulations and provisions governing bicycles within the City except that electric personal assistive mobility devices which are designed for the operator to be seated may travel on any sidewalk within the City of Fairfax.
A. 
Prohibitions. Electric bicycles, skateboards and scooters shall be prohibited from traveling wherever bicycles are prohibited, and shall be subject to all rules and regulations governing bicycles.
Authorization to operate a motorized golf cart on a public street within the City of Fairfax is by permit only. Permits may be granted for a period not to exceed one year, and may be annually renewed. A permit may be revoked at any time if there is evidence that the person granted the permit cannot safely operate the motorized golf cart on the roadways.
A. 
The following provisions prescribed must be met in order to have a permit granted.
(1) 
Must be a licensed driver.
(2) 
Must provide proof of insurance.
B. 
Application of traffic laws. Every person operating a motorized golf cart has all the rights and duties applicable to the driver of any other vehicle.
C. 
Times of operation. Motorized golf carts may only be operated from sunrise to sunset.
D. 
Slow-moving vehicle emblem. Motorized golf carts shall display the slow-moving vehicle emblem when operated on public roadways.
A. 
Parental responsibility. The parent of any child and the guardian of any ward shall not authorize or knowingly permit any child or ward to violate any of the provisions of this chapter.
B. 
Agreement for impoundment.
(1) 
In place of any other penalty provided by law, any person violating this section may, for a first offense, agree to have the roller skates, roller blades, scooter or skateboard impounded by the Police Department for one week.
(2) 
In place of any other penalty provided by law, any person violating this section may, for a second offense, agree to have the roller skates, roller blades, scooter or skateboard impounded by the Police Department for two weeks.
(3) 
In place of any other penalty provided by law, any person violating this section may, for a third or subsequent offense, agree to have the roller skates, roller blades, scooter or skateboard impounded by the Police Department for four weeks.
C. 
Penalty. Any person convicted of violation of this chapter shall be punished by a fine of not less than $25 and not more than $500.
D. 
Whenever there is a violation of traffic law by a bicycle operator or a violation by a motorist that endangers a bicycle operator, the court may permit demonstration of successful completion of a court approved cycling knowledge course or test in lieu of or in addition to a fine or other penalty.
The Fairfax Police Department is in charge of enforcement of this chapter.