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City of Royal Oak, MI
Monday, October 14, 2019

Chapter 770. Zoning

Article IV. Zone Regulations and General Provisions

§ 770-43. Regional Business.

A. 
Purpose.
(1) 
The Regional Business Zone is intended to provide for the combining of office, high-density multiple-family, and hotels in a planned development, and to provide for the combining of ancillary retail and service uses with the office, hotel and/or residential development. The zone is established in order that the public health, safety and general welfare will be furthered through redevelopment efforts intended to correct and prevent physical deterioration and obsolescence, and promote economic growth in the City. The zone is also established to further the public health, safety and general welfare of the Detroit region through the provision of regionally oriented facilities in an urbanized area where necessary infrastructure improvement already exists, thus relieving the general public of the costs of providing such improvements in rural or semi-rural areas.
(2) 
It is further intended that this zone complement and enhance the City's Central Business District, rather than competing with it. Therefore, secondary retail business or service establishments are permitted only as set forth below and subject to the requirements set forth in subsequent sections of this chapter.
B. 
Permitted uses.
(1) 
Business, administrative, and professional offices.
[Amended 10-1-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-16]
(2) 
Hotels with no less than two stories and 100 units/suites, each containing no less than 300 square feet. All hotels shall also contain conference/banquet room facilities to accommodate at least 500 persons, or a lesser number of people determined necessary and advisable by the Planning Commission.
[Amended 10-1-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-13]
(3) 
Multiple-family dwellings at a density of no less than 10 units per acre.
(4) 
Enclosed theaters, assembly halls, concert halls, auditoriums, convention halls, exhibition halls and, fitness centers/training studios including use of equipment or space for the purpose of physical exercise, including activities such as aerobics, court sports, weight lifting/strength training, swimming, and similar activities. Such uses shall contain a minimum of 20,000 square feet or be associated and ancillary to a permitted use.
C. 
Special land uses.
(1) 
Outdoor cafe service, operated by a restaurant or other food establishment which sells food or drinks for immediate consumption subject to the requirements set forth in § 770-52, Sale of alcoholic beverages, if applicable, and § 770-70, Outdoor cafe service.
(2) 
The following uses shall be considered secondary uses and shall not exceed 10% of the total combined square footage of all primary and secondary uses:
(a) 
Standard restaurants, for on-site consumption, provided that establishments serving alcohol are subject to the requirements set forth in § 770-52, Sale of alcoholic beverages, if applicable.
(b) 
Retail sale of prepackaged food and beverages, including sales of packaged alcoholic beverages, drug and health care products, jewelry, tobacco, clothing, clothing accessories, shoes, eyeglasses, books, newsstands, prerecorded music, luggage, hobby, toy, games, gifts, small electronics, office and household supplies.
[Amended 4-21-2014 by Ord. No. 2014-04]
(c) 
Florists shops.
(d) 
Retail sales of gifts, books and jewelry.
(e) 
Personal service establishments: small scale postal, courier and messenger services drop-off centers, photographic studios, barber and hair salons, nail shops, and tanning salons, watch and jewelry repair, tailors and alteration shops and shoe repair, laundry or dry cleaning outlets, print shops or copiers without off-set printing, and similar establishments.
(f) 
Day-care centers or nursery schools which are ancillary to a principal use.
(3) 
Hospitals and outpatient medical clinics, subject to the requirements set forth in § 770-79, Hospitals and outpatient medical clinics.
[Amended 10-1-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-16]
(4) 
Heliopad subject to the requirements set forth in § 770-80, Heliopads.
(5) 
Automobile dealerships subject to the requirements set forth in § 770-63, Vehicle dealers.
(6) 
Motels with no less than two stories and 100 units/suites, each containing no less than 300 square feet. All motels shall also contain conference/banquet room facilities to accommodate at least 500 persons, or a lesser number of people determined necessary and advisable by the Planning Commission.
[Amended 10-1-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-13]
D. 
Area and bulk regulations. The following minimum requirements shall apply to all permitted and special land uses unless a more restrictive requirement is provided for in this chapter:
(1) 
Lot size. No lot shall be less than 15 acres in area.
(2) 
Height. No principal building shall be taller than 50 feet unless the Plan Commission determines that the following conditions have been met:
(a) 
The number of buildings so excepted shall not be detrimental to the site or surrounding properties and shall be consistent with an approved Master Plan for the area.
(b) 
The excepted buildings are consistent and compatible with the general character of the building development in the City.
(c) 
The excepted buildings serve a defined and generally recognized architectural purpose, i.e., creation of a focal point for the project, establishment of a view or vista, etc., which is central to the overall design concept of a regional business zone development.
(d) 
The excepted buildings shall not be detrimental to adjacent properties outside of the Regional Business District Zone.
(3) 
Setbacks.
(a) 
No setback shall be required except where the property is adjacent to a residential zone. If a setback is to be provided, it shall not be less than five feet. Where the property is adjacent to a residential zone, the setback shall be as follows:
[1] 
Front yard setback. Where the property is on the same side of a street, in the same block, as a property zoned residential, with or without an intervening alley, the required front yard setback shall be equal to that setback required in the residential zone.
[2] 
Rear and side yard setback. Where there is no intervening alley, the side and rear yard setbacks shall be 25 feet. Where a public alley is adjacent to a side or rear lot line, the setback shall be 25 feet measured from the center line of said public alley.
(b) 
Alternately, the Plan Commission in the course of its site plan review process may establish a greater or lesser setback as it determines necessary and advisable. In determining such yard setbacks, the Plan Commission shall consider the size and configuration of the proposed buildings, their relationship to the existing and proposed buildings and uses of land, and their relationship to existing and proposed thoroughfares; in order to maximize vehicular and pedestrian safety and reduce any negative impact on adjacent land uses.