City of Watervliet, NY
Albany County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Council of the City of Watervliet 4-20-1972 as Art. III of Ch. 6 of the Code of Ordinances of 1972. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Zoning — See Ch. 272.

§ 249-1 Definitions.

[Amended 8-19-1982 by Ord. No. 1391]
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
SWIMMING POOL
A receptacle for water or an artificial pool of water intended for the purpose of immersion or partial immersion therein of human beings, and including all appurtenant equipment. Childrens' wading pools are omitted from this definition.

§ 249-2 Compliance required.

It shall be unlawful to construct, maintain, install or enlarge any swimming pool in the city, except in compliance with all the provisions of this chapter.

§ 249-3 Permit required.

It shall be unlawful to proceed with the construction, installation, enlargement or alteration of any private residential swimming pool and appurtenances within the city, unless a permit therefor shall have first been obtained from the Inspector of Buildings.

§ 249-4 Approval of plans.

A. 
All drawings and plans for the construction, installation, enlargement or alteration of any swimming pool and appurtenances shall first be presented to the Inspector of Buildings for examination and approval as to proper location and construction.
B. 
All plans and drawings shall be drawn to scale of not less than one-eighth (1/8) of an inch to the foot, on paper or cloth, in ink or by some process that will not fade or be obliterated. All distances and dimensions shall be accurately figured and drawings made explicit and complete, showing the lot line, existing building on the property and including information pertaining to the pool, walk and fence construction, water supply system, drainage and water disposal systems and all appurtenances pertaining to the swimming pool. Detail plans and vertical elevations shall be provided as required by the Building Department.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
C. 
All private residential swimming pools, appurtenances, water supply and drainage systems shall be constructed in conformity with the approved plans.

§ 249-5 Permit fees. [1]

The fee for a permit required by this chapter shall be thirty-five dollars ($35.).
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.

§ 249-6 Location.

No portion of a swimming pool outside a building shall be located at a distance less than eight (8) feet from any side or rear property line or building line. Pumps, filters and pool water disinfection equipment installations shall be located at a distance not less than eight (8) feet from any side property line.

§ 249-7 Design.

[Amended 8-19-1982 by Ord. No. 1391]
In-ground swimming pools shall be designed to withstand the water pressure from within and to resist the pressure of the earth when the pool is empty to a pressure of two thousand two hundred (2,200) pounds per square foot. Adequate slope shall be provided for the bottom of the pool.

§ 249-8 Construction materials and finish.

[Amended 8-19-1982 by Ord. No. 1391]
In-ground swimming pool walls and floors shall be constructed of any impervious material which will provide a tight tank with white or light colored finish and easily cleaned surfaces. The floor or bottom surface of the pool shall have a nonslip finish, as smooth as possible. The side and end walls of a pool shall present a smooth finish and shall have adequate depth and curvature.

§ 249-9 Recirculation of water required.

A. 
All swimming pools shall be of the recirculation type in which circulation of the water is maintained through the pool by pumps, with the water drawn from the pool being clarified and disinfected before being returned to the pool.
B. 
The swimming pool recirculation systems shall consist of pumping equipment, hair and lint catcher, filters, together with the necessary pipe connections to the pool inlets and outlets, facilities and pipe connections necessary for backwashing filters and facilities and equipment for disinfecting the pool water.

§ 249-10 Walk areas.

[Amended 8-19-1982 by Ord. No. 1391]
A. 
In-ground pools. All in-ground swimming pools shall have walk areas not less than thirty-six (36) inches wide, extending entirely around the pool. The walk area shall be constructed of impervious material, and the surface shall be such as to be smooth and easily cleaned and of nonslip construction. The slope of the walks shall have a pitch design so as to prevent back drainage from entering the pool.
B. 
Aboveground pools. Pools constructed above the ground with a walk deck shall have a walk deck no less than twenty-four (24) inches in width, which shall be constructed of a noncorrosive material, wood or metal, and the surface shall be such as to be smooth and easily cleaned and of nonslip construction. The walk deck must be completely protected by a guardrail or fence.

§ 249-11 Fencing.

[Amended 8-19-1982 by Ord. No. 1391[1]]
Fencing requirements shall be as provided in the New York State Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code,[2] with an exception to Section 744.2 of the code. All aboveground pools require an appropriate fence.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.
[2]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 127, Building Construction and fire prevention.

§ 249-12 Steps and ladders.

[Amended 8-19-1982 by Ord. No. 1391]
Two (2) or more means of egress in the form of steps or ladders shall be provided for all in-ground swimming pools. At least one (1) such means of egress shall be located on a side of the pool at both the deep end and shallow end of the pool. Treads of steps and ladders shall be constructed of nonslip material and at least three (3) inches wide for their full length. Steps and ladders shall have a handrail on both sides.

§ 249-13 Skimmers.

In every swimming pool, at least one (1) skimming device shall be provided for each eight hundred (800) square feet of surface area or fraction thereof. Skimmers shall be located at least thirty (30) feet apart. Handholds shall be provided and consist of a bull-nosed coping or an equivalent approved handhold. The handhold must be not more than nine (9) inches above the normal water line. Skimming devices shall be built into the pool wall and shall adequately remove floated oils and waste.

§ 249-14 Water supply.

No source of water other than that secured from the city waterworks distribution system shall be used in swimming pools.

§ 249-15 Inlets.

A. 
Swimming pool water recirculation system inlets shall be located so as to produce so far as possible uniform circulation of water throughout the pool without the existence of dead spots and to carry pool bottom deposits to the outlets and shall discharge at a minimum depth of ten (10) inches below the pool overflow level.
B. 
Pools shall be equipped with suitable facilities for adding makeup water as needed. There shall be no physical connection between the water supply line and the pool system.
C. 
The system supplying recirculated water and makeup water to the pool shall be constructed in conformance with the provisions of this Code regulating plumbing.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 216, Plumbing.

§ 249-16 Outlets; draining.

A. 
In swimming pools thirty (30) feet in width or less, water circulation system outlets shall be located so as to provide at least one (1) outlet at the deepest point in the pool. If the pool width is more than thirty (30) feet, multiple outlets shall be provided and spaced not more than thirty (30) feet apart, nor closer than four (4) feet to any wall. The gratings shall be of such design so they cannot be readily removable by bathers and will not injure bathers' fingers.
B. 
Pools shall be equipped with facilities for completely emptying the pool, and the discharge of the pool water to the sewer shall be at a rate not exceeding two hundred (200) gallons per minute. No direct connection shall be made to the sewer.
C. 
Water drained from the pool shall not be discharged to the sewer system during periods of rain or storms. At no time shall the rate of drain water discharge exceed a flow of two hundred (200) gallons per minute.

§ 249-17 Electrical installations.

A. 
All electrical installations provided for, installed and used in conjunction with private residential swimming pools shall be in conformance with the provisions of this Code regulating electrical installations.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 145, Electrical Standards.
B. 
No current-carrying electrical conductors shall cross private residential swimming pools, either overhead or underground or within fifteen (15) feet of such pools.
C. 
All metal fences, enclosures or railings near or adjacent to swimming pools which might become electrically alive as a result of contact with broken overhead conductors or from any other cause shall be effectively grounded.

§ 249-18 Safety equipment required.

Each swimming pool shall be equipped with one (1) or more throwing-ring buoys not more than fifteen (15) inches in diameter and having sixty (60) feet of three-sixteenths-inch manila line attached, and one (1) or more light but strong poles with blunted ends and not less than twelve (12) feet in length for making reach assists or rescues.

§ 249-19 Inspections.

The Inspector of Buildings shall periodically inspect all swimming pools to determine whether or not the provisions of this Code regarding health, sanitation and safety applicable thereto are being met.

§ 249-20 Penalties for offenses. [1]

Any person violating any provision of this chapter shall be subject to a penalty as set forth in Chapter 1, General Provisions, Article III, General Penalty.
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. I.