Town of North Haven, CT
New Haven County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town of North Haven 12-12-1972 Special Town Meeting. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Garbage, rubbish and refuse — See Ch. 127.
Parks and playgrounds — See Ch. 152.

§ 140-1 Definitions.

For the purposes of this ordinance, the following terms, phrases and words and their derivations shall have the meanings given herein. The word "shall" is always mandatory and not merely directory.
AUTHORIZED PRIVATE RECEPTACLE
A litter storage and collection receptacle.
LITTER
Garbage, refuse, rubbish and all other waste materials which, if thrown or deposited as herein prohibited, tend to create a danger to the public health, safety or welfare.
PRIVATE PREMISES OR PROPERTY
Any land or dwelling, house, building or other structure designed or used, either wholly or in part, for private residential purposes or commercial or industrial purposes, whether inhabited or temporarily or continuously uninhabitated or vacant, and shall include any yard, grounds, walk, driveway, parking lot, porch, steps, vestibule or mailbox belonging or appurtenant to such dwelling, house, building or other structure.
PUBLIC PLACE
Any and all streets, sidewalks, boulevards, alleys or other public ways and any and all public parks, squares, spaces, grounds and buildings.
TOWN
The Town of North Haven.
VEHICLE
Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, including devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.

§ 140-2 Prohibited activities.

No person, firm or corporation shall:
A. 
Deposit or cause to be deposited any litter within the boundaries of a public highway or any other public property, provided that this section shall not apply to materials lawfully deposited in a municipally regulated or operated dumping area.
B. 
Deposit or cause or permit to be deposited or retain or cause or permit to be retained any litter on any private property designed or used, either wholly or in part, for private, residential, commercial or industrial purposes within the town.

§ 140-3 Use of receptacles.

Persons placing litter in public receptacles or in authorized private receptacles shall do so in such a manner as to prevent it from being carried or deposited by the elements upon any street, sidewalk or other public place or upon private property. Covers shall be firmly in place on receptacles. Plastic bags shall be closed.

§ 140-4 Duty to keep sidewalks free of litter.

No person owning or occupying private property or a place of business shall sweep into or deposit in any gutter, street or other public place within the town the accumulation of litter from any building or lot or from any public or private sidewalk or driveway. Persons owning or occupying property within the town shall keep the sidewalk in front of this property free of litter.

§ 140-5 Litter thrown from vehicles.

No person, while a driver or passenger in a vehicle, shall throw or deposit litter upon any street or other public place within the town or upon private property.

§ 140-6 Litter from vehicle loads.

If a vehicle is loaded in such a way or with such material that parts of the load may be blown or deposited upon any street or other property, then the load shall be covered.

§ 140-7 Parks.

No person shall throw or deposit litter in any park within the town, except in public receptacles and in such a manner that the litter will be prevented from being carried or deposited by the elements upon any part of the park or upon any street or other public place. Where public receptacles are not provided, all such litter shall be carried away from the park by the person responsible for its presence and properly disposed of elsewhere as provided herein.

§ 140-8 Bodies of water.

No person shall throw or deposit litter in any pond, lake, stream or bay or any other body of water in a park or elsewhere within the town.

§ 140-9 Posting of notices.

No person shall post any notice, poster or other paper or device calculated to attract the attention of the public on any lamppost, public utility pole or shade tree or upon any public equipment or structure or building, except as may be authorized or required by law.

§ 140-10 Responsibility for premises.

The owner, tenant and/or person in control of any private property shall at all times prevent litter from accumulating so as to become a nuisance; provided, however, that this section shall not prohibit the storage of litter in authorized private receptacles for collection. Private receptacles shall be removed from the curb within 24 hours.

§ 140-11 Vacant or occupied lots.

No person shall throw or deposit litter on any occupied, open or vacant private property within the town, whether owned by such person or not.

§ 140-12 Movement of litter onto adjacent property.

The owner, tenant and/or person in control of any private property shall control litter on his property so as to keep it from being carried by the elements upon the sidewalk, street or other private property. In the event that litter is carried from said property onto adjacent public or private property, the owner, tenant and/or person in control of said property shall be responsible for clearing the litter from said adjacent public or private property. This section shall be enforced against the persons responsible in the manner provided in the ordinance hereof.

§ 140-13 Clearing from open private property by the town.

A. 
Notice to remove. The zoning enforcement agent of the town is hereby authorized and empowered to notify the owner of any open or vacant private property within the town or the agent of such owner to properly dispose of litter located on such owner's property. Such notice shall be by registered mail addressed to said owner at his last known address.
B. 
Action upon noncompliance. Upon the failure, neglect or refusal of any owner or agent so notified to properly dispose of said litter within 15 days after receipt of written notice provided for in Subsection A above or within 30 days after the date of such notice in the event that the same is returned to the Post Office Department because of its inability to make delivery thereof, provided that the same was properly addressed to the last known address of such owner or agent, the zoning enforcement agent is hereby authorized and empowered to order its disposal by the town.
C. 
Charge for removal. When the town has effected the removal of such litter or has paid for its removal, the actual cost thereof, plus accrued interest at the rate of 8% per annum from the date of the completion of the work, if not paid by such owner prior thereto, shall be charged to the owner of such property and a bill forwarded to such owner by the town, and said charge shall be due and payable within 15 days of the billing date.
D. 
Recorded statement constitutes lien. Where the full amount due the town is not paid by such owner within 15 days of the billing date as set forth in Subsection C above, then and in that case the zoning enforcement agent shall cause to be recorded in the Town Clerk's office a sworn statement showing the cost and expense incurred for the work, the date the work was done and the location of the property on which said work was done. The recordation of such sworn statement shall constitute a lien and privilege on the property and shall remain in full force and effect for the amount due in principal and interest, plus costs of court, if any, for collection until final payment has been made. In the event that said costs and expenses have not been paid after the recordation of said lien, then the town may take action for the collection of the same by foreclosing upon said lien in the manner provided by the General Statutes for the foreclosure of mortgages. Sworn statements recorded in accordance with the provisions hereof shall be prima facie evidence that all legal formalities have been complied with and that the work has been done properly and satisfactorily and shall be full notice to every person concerned that the amount of the statement, plus interest, constitutes a charge against the property designated or described in the statement and that the same is due and collectible as provided by law.

§ 140-14 Violations and penalties.

Any person, firm or corporation violating this ordinance shall be fined not less than $10 nor more than $100. Any responsible officer or director of a firm or corporation may be prosecuted for a violation of this ordinance. Each day of noncompliance with a notice issued pursuant to this ordinance may constitute a separate violation.

§ 140-15 Construal of provisions.

Nothing in this ordinance shall be construed or intended to:
A. 
Permit the establishment or maintenance of private dumping areas.
B. 
Prevent the establishment or maintenance of private composting areas.
C. 
Prevent any operations normally carried on for farm purposes.
D. 
Prohibit the placing of leaves in the street or alongside the curb for collection by a town agency during the period or periods of time specifically authorized and proclaimed by the Police Department and/or the Public Works Department.

§ 140-16 Repealer.

All ordinances or sections of ordinances in conflict with the provisions of this ordinance are hereby repealed. If any provisions of this ordinance are held void by a court of competent jurisdiction, such holding shall not affect any other provision contained herein.