Township of Robinson, PA
Allegheny County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Commissioners of the Township of Robinson 10-12-1998 by Ord. No. 4-1998 (Ch. 13, Part 6, of the 1989 Code). Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Building construction — See Ch. 105.
Pornography — See Ch. 195.
Zoning — See Ch. 300.

§ 222-1 Purpose and intent.

It is the purpose of this chapter to regulate sexually oriented businesses to promote the health, safety and general welfare of the citizens of the Township and to establish reasonable and uniform regulations to prevent the deleterious location and/or concentration of sexually oriented businesses within the Township. The provisions of this chapter have neither the purpose nor effect of imposing a limitation or restriction on the content of any communicative materials, including sexually oriented materials. Similarly, it is not the intent nor effect of this chapter to restrict or deny access by adults to sexually oriented materials protected by the First Amendment or to deny access by the distributors and exhibitors of sexually oriented entertainment to their intended market. Neither is it the intent nor effect of this chapter to condone or legitimize the distribution of obscene material.

§ 222-2 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ADULT ARCADE
Any place to which the public is permitted or invited wherein coin-operated or slug-operated or electronically, electrically or mechanically controlled still- or motion-picture machines, projectors or other image-producing devices are maintained to show images to five or fewer persons per machine at any one time, and where the images so displayed are distinguished or characterized by the depicting or describing of specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
[Amended 11-13-2006 by Ord. No. 15-2006]
A. 
A commercial establishment which, as one of its business purposes, offers for sale or rental for any form of consideration, or displays any one or more of the following:
(1) 
Books, magazines, periodicals or other printed matter or photographs, films, motion pictures, videocassettes or video reproductions, slides or other visual representations which depict or describe specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas; or
(2) 
Instruments, devices or paraphernalia which are designed for use in connection with specified sexual activities.
B. 
A commercial establishment may have other business purposes that do not involve the display or offering for sale or rental of material depicting or describing specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas and still be categorized as an adult bookstore or adult video store. Such other business purposes will not serve to exempt such commercial establishment from being categorized as an adult bookstore or adult video store so long as one of its business purposes is the display or offering for sale or rental for consideration of the specified materials, as set forth in A(1) and (2) above, which depict, describe or involve specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
ADULT CABARET
A nightclub, bar, restaurant or similar commercial establishment which regularly features:
A. 
Persons who appear in the state of nudity.
B. 
Live performances which are characterized by the exposure of specified anatomical areas or by specified sexual activities.
C. 
Films, motion pictures, videocassettes, slides or other photographic reproductions which are characterized by the depiction or description of specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
ADULT MOTEL
A hotel, motel or similar commercial establishment which:
A. 
Offers accommodations to the public for any form of consideration; provides patrons with closed-circuit television transmissions, films, motion pictures, videocassettes, slides or other photographic reproductions which are characterized by the depiction or description of specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas; and has a sign visible from the public right-of-way which advertises the availability of this adult type of photographic reproductions.
B. 
Offers sleeping rooms for rent four or more times in one calendar day during five or more calendar days in any continuous thirty-day period.
ADULT MOTION-PICTURE THEATER
A commercial establishment where, for any form of consideration, films, motion pictures, videocassettes, slides or similar photographic reproductions are regularly shown which are characterized by the depiction or description of specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
ADULT THEATER
A theater, concert hall, auditorium or similar commercial establishment which regularly features persons who appear in a state of nudity or live performances which are characterized by the exposure of specified anatomical areas or specified sexual activities.
ESCORT
A person who, for consideration, agrees to offer to act or acts as a companion, guide or date for another person or who agrees to or offers to privately model lingerie or to privately perform a striptease for another person.
ESCORT AGENCY
A person or business association that furnishes, offers to furnish or advertises to furnish escorts as one of its primary business purposes for a fee, tip or other consideration.
NUDE MODEL STUDIO
Any place where a person who appears in a state of nudity or displays specified anatomical areas is provided to be observed, sketched, drawn, painted, sculptured, photographed or similarly depicted by other persons who pay money or any form of consideration.
NUDITY or STATE OF NUDITY
The appearance of a human bare buttock, anus, male genitals, female genitals or female breast.
PERMITTEE AND/OR LICENSEE
A person in whose name a permit and/or license to operate a sexually oriented business has been issued, as well as the individual(s) listed on the application for a permit and/or license.
PERSON
An individual, proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association or other legal entity.
SEMINUDE
A state of dress in which clothing covers no more than the genitals, pubic region and areola of the female breast, as well as portions of the body covered by supporting straps or devices.
SEXUAL ENCOUNTER CENTER
A business or commercial enterprise that, as one of its primary business purposes, offers for any form of consideration:
A. 
Physical contact in the form of wrestling or tumbling between persons of the same or opposite sex.
B. 
Activities between male and female persons and/or persons of the same sex when one or more of the persons is in a state of nudity or seminudity.
SEXUALLY ORIENTED BUSINESS
An adult arcade, adult bookstore or adult video store, adult cabaret, adult motel, adult motion-picture theater, adult theater, escort agency, nude model studio or sexual encounter center.
SPECIFIED ANATOMICAL AREAS
The male genitals in a state of sexual arousal and/or the vulva or more intimate parts of the female genitals.
SPECIFIED SEXUAL ACTIVITIES
Includes any of the following:
A. 
The fondling or other erotic touching of human genitals, pubic region, buttocks, anus or female breasts.
B. 
Sex acts, normal or perverted, actual or simulated, including intercourse, oral copulation or sodomy.
C. 
Masturbation, actual or simulated.
D. 
Excretory functions as part of or in connection with any of the activities set forth above.
SUBSTANTIAL ENLARGEMENT OF A SEXUALLY ORIENTED BUSINESS
The increase in floor area occupied by the business by more than 25%, as the floor areas exist on date of enactment of this chapter.
TOWNSHIP
The Township of Robinson.
TRANSFER OF OWNERSHIP OR CONTROL OF A SEXUALLY ORIENTED BUSINESS
Includes any of the following:
A. 
The sale, lease or sublease of the business.
B. 
The transfer of securities which constitute a controlling interest in the business, whether by sale, exchange or similar means.
C. 
The establishment of a trust, gift or other similar legal device which transfers the ownership or control of the business, except for transfer by bequest or other operation of law upon the death of the person possessing the ownership or control.

§ 222-3 Classification.

Sexually oriented businesses are classified as follows:
A. 
Adult arcades.
B. 
Adult bookstores or adult video stores.
C. 
Adult cabarets.
D. 
Adult motels.
E. 
Adult motion-picture theaters.
F. 
Adult theaters.
G. 
Escort agencies.
H. 
Nude model studios.
I. 
Sexual encounter centers.

§ 222-4 Permit required.

A. 
Any person who operates a sexually oriented business without a valid permit issued by the Township is guilty of a violation of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 300).
B. 
An application for a permit to operate a sexually oriented business must be made on a form provided by the Zoning Officer. The application must be accompanied by a sketch or diagram showing the floor plan and plot plan configuration of the premises, including a statement of total floor space occupied by the business. The sketch or diagram need not be professionally prepared but must be drawn to a designated scale or drawn with marked dimensions of the interior of the premises to an accuracy of plus or minus six inches.
C. 
The applicant must be qualified according to the provisions of this chapter, and the premises must be inspected and found to be in compliance with the law by the Zoning Officer and the Township Fire Marshal and/or Fire Code Official.
D. 
If a person who wishes to operate a sexually oriented business is an individual, he/she must sign the application for a permit as applicant. If a person who wishes to operate a sexually oriented business is other than an individual, each individual who has a ten-percent or greater interest in the business must sign the application for a permit as applicant. If a corporation is listed as owner of a sexually oriented business or as the entity which wishes to operate such a business, each individual having a direct or indirect interest of 10% or greater in the corporation must sign the application for a permit as applicant.
E. 
The fact that a person possess other types of Township permits does not exempt the person from the requirements of obtaining a sexually oriented business permit.

§ 222-5 Issuance of permit.

A. 
The Zoning Officer shall approve the issuance of a permit to an applicant within 30 days after receipt of an application unless he/she finds one or more of the following to be true:
(1) 
An applicant is under 18 years of age.
(2) 
An applicant or an applicant's spouse is overdue in his payment to the Township of taxes, fees, fines or penalties assessed against him or imposed upon him in relation to a sexually oriented business.
(3) 
An applicant has failed to provide information reasonably necessary for issuance of the permit or has falsely answered a question or request for information on the application form.
(4) 
An applicant is residing with a person who has been denied a permit by the Township to operate a sexually oriented business within the preceding 12 months or residing with a person whose license to operate a sexually oriented business has been revoked within the preceding 12 months.
(5) 
The premises to be used for the sexually oriented business have been reviewed and have been disapproved by either the Zoning Officer or the Fire Marshal and/or Fire Code Official as not being in compliance with applicable laws and ordinances.
(6) 
The permit fee required by this chapter has not been paid.
(7) 
An applicant of the proposed establishment is in violation of or is not in compliance with any of the provisions of this chapter.
(8) 
An individual applicant or any individual holding a direct or indirect interest of more than 10% of a corporate applicant, or any of the officers and directors of a corporate applicant, if the applicant is a corporation; or any of the partners, including limited partners, if the applicant is a partnership; or the manager or other person in charge of the operation of the applicant's business has or have been convicted of an offense involving sexual misconduct within the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania or that would have constituted an offense involving sexual misconduct if committed within the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. In order for approval to be denied pursuant to this subsection, the person's or persons' conviction or release in connection with the sexual misconduct offense must have occurred within two years of the date of application in the event of a misdemeanor and within five years of the date of application in the event of a felony.
B. 
The permit, if granted, shall state on its face the name of the person or persons to whom it is granted, the expiration date and the address of the sexually oriented business. The permit shall be posted in a conspicuous place at or near the entrance to the sexually oriented business so that it may be easily read at any time.
C. 
The Zoning Officer and Fire Marshal and/or Fire Code Official shall complete their certification that the premises are in compliance or not in compliance within 20 days of receipt of the application by the Zoning Officer. The certification shall be promptly presented to the Zoning Officer.

§ 222-6 Fees.

The annual fee for a sexually oriented business permit is $500.

§ 222-7 Inspection.

A. 
An applicant or permittee shall permit representatives of the Police Department, Fire Marshal and/or Fire Code Official, Zoning Officer or other Township departments or agencies to inspect the premises of a sexually oriented business for the purpose of ensuring compliance with the law at any time that the sexually oriented business is occupied or open for business.
B. 
A person who operates a sexually oriented business or his agent or employee violates the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 300) if he/she refuses to permit such lawful inspection of the premises at any time it is occupied or open for business.

§ 222-8 Expiration of permit.

A. 
Each permit shall expire one year from the date of issuance and may be renewed only by making application as provided in § 222-5. Application for renewal should be made at least 30 days before the expiration date, and when made fewer than 30 days before the expiration date, the pendency of the application will not prevent the expiration of the permit.
B. 
If the Zoning Officer denies renewal of a license, the applicant shall not be issued a permit for one year from the date of denial, except that, after 90 days have elapsed since the date of denial, the applicant may be granted a permit if the Zoning Officer finds that the basis for denial of the renewal permit has been corrected or abated.

§ 222-9 Suspension of permit.

The Zoning Officer shall suspend a permit for a period not to exceed 30 days if he/she determines that a permittee or an employee of a permittee has:
A. 
Violated or is not in compliance with any section of this chapter.
B. 
Engaged in excessive use of alcoholic beverages while on the sexually oriented business premises.
C. 
Refused to allow an inspection of the sexually oriented business premises as authorized by this chapter.
D. 
Knowingly permitted gambling by any person on the sexually oriented business premises.
E. 
Failed to man managers' stations and/or maintain viewing rooms as set forth in § 222-13.

§ 222-10 Revocation of permit.

A. 
The Zoning Officer shall revoke a permit if a cause of suspension set forth in § 222-9 occurs and the permit has been suspended within the preceding 12 months.
B. 
The Zoning Officer shall revoke a permit if he/she determines that:
(1) 
A permittee or any of the persons specified in § 222-5A(8) is or has been convicted of the offenses specified in § 222-5A(1) through (8).
(2) 
A permittee gave false or misleading information in the material submitted to the Township during the application process.
(3) 
A permittee or an employee of a permittee has knowingly allowed possession, use or sale of controlled substances on the premises.
(4) 
A permittee or an employee of a permittee has knowingly allowed prostitution on the premises.
(5) 
A permittee or an employee of a permittee knowingly operated the sexually oriented business during a period of time when the permittee's permit was suspended.
(6) 
A permittee or an employee of a permittee has knowingly allowed any act of sexual intercourse, sodomy, oral copulation, masturbation or other explicit sexual conduct to occur in or on the permitted premises.
(7) 
A permittee is delinquent in payment to the Township or state of any taxes or fees relating to sexually oriented businesses.
C. 
When the Zoning Officer revokes a permit, the revocation shall continue for one year, and the permittee shall not be issued a sexually oriented business permit for one year from the date revocation became effective, except that, if the revocation is pursuant to Subsection B(1) above, the revocation shall be effective for two years in the event of a misdemeanor or five years in the case of a felony.
D. 
After denial of an application or denial of a renewal of an application or suspension, revocation of a permit, the applicant or licensee or permittee shall have the right to appeal said action to the Zoning Hearing Board and to seek prompt judicial review of such administrative action in any court of competent jurisdiction as well as to exercise any and all other legal remedies.

§ 222-11 Transfer of permit.

A permittee shall not transfer his permit to another person. A permittee shall not operate a sexually oriented business under the authority of a permit at any place other than the address designated in the application.

§ 222-12 Location of sexually oriented businesses.

A. 
A person is guilty of a violation of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 300) if he/she operates or causes to be operated a sexually oriented business outside of the district in which a sexually oriented business is a permitted use as a special exception. No sexually oriented businesses shall be located outside a district in which a sexually oriented business is a permitted use. Sexually oriented businesses, as defined herein, shall be permitted in the I-1 and I-2 Zoning Districts as a special exception.
[Amended 11-13-2006 by Ord. No. 15-2006]
B. 
A person is guilty of a violation of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 300) if he/she operates or causes to be operated a sexually oriented business within 600 feet of:
(1) 
A church.
(2) 
A public or private pre-elementary, elementary or secondary school.
(3) 
A public library.
(4) 
A child-care facility or nursery school.
(5) 
A public park adjacent to any residential district.
C. 
A person is guilty of a violation of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 300) if he/she causes or permits the operation, establishment, substantial enlargement or transfer of ownership or control of a sexually oriented business within 1,200 feet of another sexually oriented business.
D. 
A person is guilty of a violation of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 300) if he/she causes or permits the operation, establishment or maintenance of more than one sexually oriented business in the same building, structure or portion thereof or the increase of floor areas of any sexually oriented business in any building, structure or portion thereof containing another sexually oriented business.
E. 
For the purpose of this chapter, measurement shall be made in a straight line, without regard to intervening structures or objects, from the nearest portion of the building or structure used as a part of the premises where a sexually oriented business is conducted to the nearest property line of the premises of a church, public or private pre-elementary, elementary or secondary school, public library, child-care facility or nursery school, or to the nearest boundary of an affected public park.
F. 
For the purposes of Subsection C of this section, the distance between any two sexually oriented businesses shall be measured in a straight line, without regard to intervening structures or objects, from the closest exterior wall of the structure in which each business is located.
G. 
Any sexually oriented business lawfully operating on date of enactment of this chapter that is in violation of Subsections A through F of this section shall be deemed a nonconforming use. Such nonconforming uses shall not be increased, enlarged, extended or altered, except that the use may be changed to a conforming use. In the event that two or more sexually oriented businesses are within 1,200 feet of one another and otherwise in a permissible location, the sexually oriented business which was first established and continually operating at a particular location is the conforming use, and the later established business is nonconforming.
H. 
A sexually oriented business lawfully operating as a conforming use is not rendered a nonconforming use by the location, subsequent to the grant or renewal of the sexually oriented business permit, of a church, public or private pre-elementary, elementary or secondary school, public library, child-care facility, child-oriented business, nursery school or public park within 1,200 feet of the sexually oriented business. This provision applies only to the renewal of a valid permit and does not apply when an application for a permit is submitted after a permit has expired or has been revoked.

§ 222-13 Regulations pertaining to exhibition of sexually explicit films or videos.

A. 
A person who operates or causes to be operated a sexually oriented business, other than an adult motel, which exhibits on the premises in a viewing room of fewer than 150 square feet of floor space a film or videocassette or other video or other image production or reproduction which depicts specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas, shall comply with the following requirements:
(1) 
The application for a permit to operate a sexually oriented business shall be accompanied by a floor plan and plot plan diagram of the premises showing a plan thereof, specifying the location of one or more manager's stations, the location of all viewing rooms, partitions and doors and the location of all overhead lighting fixtures, and designating any portion of the premises in which patrons will not be permitted. A manager's station may not exceed 32 square feet of floor area. The diagram shall also designate the place at which the permit will be conspicuously posted, if granted. A professionally prepared diagram in the nature of an engineer's or architect's blueprint shall not be required; however, each diagram shall be oriented to the north or to some designated street or object and shall be drawn to a designated scale or with marked dimensions sufficient to show the various internal dimensions of all areas of the interior of the premises to an accuracy of plus or minus six inches. The Zoning Officer may waive the foregoing diagram for renewal applications if the applicant adopts a diagram that was previously submitted and certifies that the configuration of the premises has not been altered since it was prepared.
(2) 
The application shall be sworn to be true and correct by the applicant.
(3) 
No alteration in the configuration or location of a manager's station may be made without the prior approval of the Zoning Officer or his designee.
(4) 
It is the duty of the owners and operators of the premises to ensure that at least one employee is on duty and situated in each manager's station at all times that any patron is present inside the premises.
(5) 
The interior of the premises shall be configured in such a manner that there is an unobstructed view from a manager's station of every area of the premises to which any patron is permitted access for any purpose, excluding rest rooms. Rest rooms may not contain video reproduction or viewing equipment. If the premises has two or more manager's stations designated, then the interior of the premises shall be configured in such a manner that there is an unobstructed view of each area of the premises to which any patron is permitted access for any purpose from at least one of the manager's stations. The view required in this subsection must be by direct line of sight from the manager's station.
(6) 
It shall be the duty of the owners and operators and it shall also be the duty of any agents and employees present on the premises to ensure that the view as specified in Subsection A(5) remains unobstructed by any doors, walls, merchandise, display racks or other materials at all times and to ensure that no patron is permitted access to any area of the premises which has been designated as an area in which patrons will not be permitted in the application filed pursuant to Subsection A(1) of this section.
(7) 
No viewing room may be occupied by more than one person at any time. No connections or openings to an adjoining viewing room shall be permitted.
(8) 
The premises shall be equipped with overhead lighting fixtures of sufficient intensity to illuminate every place to which patrons are permitted access at an illumination of not less than one footcandle, as measured at the floor level.
(9) 
It shall be the duty of the owners and operators and it shall also be the duty of any agents and employees present in the premises to ensure that the illumination described above is maintained at all times that any patron is present in the premises.
B. 
A person having a duty under Subsection A(1) through (9) is guilty of a violation of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 300) if he/she knowingly fails to fulfill that duty.

§ 222-14 Exemptions.

It is a defense to prosecution under §§ 222-5 through 222-12 that a person appearing in a state of nudity did so in a modeling class operated:
A. 
By a proprietary school, licensed by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, or a college, junior college or university supported entirely or partly by taxation.
B. 
By a private college or university which maintains and operates educational programs in which credits are transferable to a college, junior college or university supported entirely or partly by taxation.
C. 
In a structure:
(1) 
Which has no sign visible from the exterior of the structure and no other advertising that indicates a nude person is available for viewing.
(2) 
Where, in order to participate in class, a student must enroll at least three days in advance of the class.
(3) 
Where no more than one nude model is on the premises at any one time.

§ 222-15 Injunction.

A person who operates or causes to be operated a sexually oriented business without a valid permit or in violation of this chapter is subject to an action in equity or a suit for injunction as well as citations for violation of the Zoning Ordinance (Chapter 300).