Village of Cassopolis, MI
Cass County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Village Council of the Village of Cassopolis 10-12-2009 by Ord. No. 247. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Peddling and soliciting — See Ch. 268.
Zoning — See Ch. 370.

§ 289-1 Purpose.

A. 
The purpose of this chapter is to regulate rummage, garage, yard and similar sales within the Village limits of Cassopolis so as to protect public safety, health and welfare, preserve property values and enhance the aesthetic appearance of the Village, which directly affects the quality of life and property values within the Village.
B. 
Further, this chapter provides for the recovery of costs and expenses so incurred by the Village; provides for penalties for violations hereof; and to repeal all other ordinances or parts of ordinances in conflict or inconsistent herewith.

§ 289-2 Definitions.

The following words, terms and phrases, when used in this chapter, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section, expect where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
CALENDAR YEAR
The period from January 1 to December 31 in any year.
COMMERCIAL DISTRICT
Districts defined and identified as such in Chapter 370, Zoning.
ENFORCEMENT OFFICER
A police officer of the Village or any police officer of the state empowered to enforce municipal ordinances, and/or the zoning administrator of the Village.
GARAGE SALE, RUMMAGE SALE, YARD SALE
Any sale of tangible personal property not otherwise regulated in the Village and not falling with the exceptions of this chapter, advertised in such a manner that the public at large is, or can be, made aware of such sale.
GOODS
Any goods, warehouse merchandise or other property capable of being the object of such sale.
NONCOMMERCIAL DISTRICT
Those areas of the Village not identified and defined as commercial districts in Chapter 370, Zoning.
OUT-OF-DOORS SALES
All garage sales, porch sales, yard sales and sales of a similar nature conducted in noncommercial districts in the Village.
PERMIT
A permit issued by the Village Clerk or other authorized agent for an out-of-door sale, issued subject to the limitations of this chapter.
PERSON
Includes individuals, partnerships, voluntary associations, and corporations.
SALES
Includes all sales in an area zoned residential entitled "garage sale," "lawn sale," "attic sale," "rummage sale," "flea market sale," or any similar casual sale of tangible personal property which is advertised by any means whereby the public at large is or can be made aware of said sale.

§ 289-3 Permit required.

A. 
No person shall have, allow, permit or conduct an out-of-door sale in a noncommercial district in the Village without first having obtained a permit therefor.
B. 
A written application for the permit shall be filed with the Village Clerk on the forms prescribed by the Clerk, and the application shall contain the following:
(1) 
The name and address of the person conducting the sale.
(2) 
The location at which the sale is to be conducted.
(3) 
The number of days during which the sale is to be conducted within the limits set by this chapter.
(4) 
A description of items proposed to be sold.
(5) 
The date, nature and location of any past sale conducted by the applicant.
C. 
An affidavit signed by the applicant affirming that the items to be sold are the sole property of the applicant and were not purchased for resale must be filed with the application.
D. 
The applicant shall pay a fee, as established from time to time by resolution of the Village Council, to the Village Clerk at the time of filing the application for the issuance of the sale permit.

§ 289-4 Exceptions.

The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to or affect the following persons or sales:
A. 
Persons selling goods pursuant to an order of a court of competent jurisdiction.
B. 
Persons acting in accordance with their powers and duties as public officials.
C. 
Auctions held to settle an estate.

§ 289-5 Time limitations; duration of sale; hours of operation; number of permits.

A. 
A sale described in this chapter shall not be conducted for any period in excess of three consecutive days.
B. 
The hours of operation shall be limited to a period of time from 8:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m.
C. 
Not more than two permits shall be issued to the same person or for the same address in any calendar year.
D. 
Applicants must be owners or tenants of the property upon which the sale is to be permitted.
E. 
Permits are nontransferable.

§ 289-6 Display of permit.

The permit authorizing the sale pursuant to this chapter shall be displayed in the front window or other prominent place, clearly visible from the street, at each location where a sale is being conducted.

§ 289-7 Signage.

A. 
One sign may be erected advertising a sale described in this chapter on the premises of the sale, and the sign must be removed immediately at the end of the third day.
B. 
Permitted signs shall not be in excess of four square feet per side.
C. 
One off-site sign may be permitted. Off-site signage may only be placed on the private property of another with the consent of that property owner.
D. 
No such sign shall be placed on public property, right-of-way of any public street, utility pole and/or traffic signs.
E. 
No such sign shall be placed in a manner that obstructs vision at intersections or driveways.

§ 289-8 Violations and penalties.

A. 
Any person who violates any provision of this chapter is responsible for a municipal civil infraction, as provided for in Chapter 34, Municipal Civil Infractions, of the Village Code, subject to payment of a civil fine of not less than $50, nor more than $500, plus costs and other sanctions, for each violation (as authorized by Chapter VI, Section 2 of the General Law Village Act, Act No. 3 of the Public Acts of Michigan of 1895, as amended,[1] Chapter 34, Municipal Civil Infractions, and other applicable laws).
[1]
Editor's Note: See MCLA § 66.2.
B. 
Repeat offenses under this chapter shall be subject to increased fines as provided by this section, below. As used in this section, "repeat offense" means a second (or any subsequent) violation of the same requirement or provision of this chapter: committed by a person within any one-hundred-eighty-day period; and for which the person admits responsibility or is determined to be responsible. The increased fine for a repeat offense under this chapter shall be as follows:
(1) 
The fine for any offense which is a first repeat offense shall be not less than $100, plus costs.
(2) 
The fine for any offense which is a second repeat offense shall be not less than $250 plus costs.
(3) 
The fine for any offense which is a third repeat offense shall be not less than $400.
(4) 
The fine for any offense which is a fourth repeat offense, or any subsequent repeat offense shall be not less than $500.
C. 
Each day on which any violation of this chapter occurs or continues constitutes a separate offense subject to separate sanctions.
D. 
The Ordinance Enforcement Officer is hereby designated as the authorized Village official to issue municipal civil infraction citations and municipal civil infraction notices for violations of this chapter, as provided by Chapter 34, Municipal Civil Infractions. As used in this chapter, "Ordinance Enforcement Officer" means the Village official, employee, agent or other entity appointed by resolution of the Village Council, or designated by ordinance, to perform the functions and tasks assigned by this chapter to the "Ordinance Enforcement Officer."
E. 
A violation of this chapter is deemed to be a nuisance per se. In addition to any other remedy available at law, the Village may bring an action for an injunction or other process against a person to restrain, prevent or abate any violation of this chapter.