City of Union, MO
Franklin County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Section 340.010 Following Emergency Vehicle Prohibited.

Section 340.020 Crossing Fire Hose.

Section 340.030 Funeral Processions.

Section 340.040 Vehicle Shall Not Be Driven on a Sidewalk — Prohibition on Obstruction of Bicycle Lanes — Drivers to Yield to Bicycles in Designated Bicycle Lanes.

Section 340.050 Limitations on Backing.

Section 340.060 Opening and Closing Vehicle Doors.

Section 340.070 Riding on Motorcycles — Additional Passenger — Requirements.

Section 340.080 Riding Bicycle on Sidewalks — Limitations — Motorized Bicycles Prohibited.

Section 340.090 All-Terrain Vehicles, Prohibited — Exceptions — Operation of Under an Exception — Prohibited Uses — Penalty.

Section 340.100 Riding Bicycles, Sleds, Roller Skates by Attaching to Another Vehicle Prohibited — Pulling a Rider Behind Vehicle Prohibited.

Section 340.110 Controlled Access.

Section 340.120 Railroad Trains Not to Block Streets.

Section 340.130 Driving Through Safety Zone Prohibited.

Section 340.140 Manner of Operation of Motor Vehicles.

Section 340.150 Rules of the Road to Be Observed.

Section 340.160 Stopping on Roadway — Driving on Right Side of Roadway.

Section 340.170 Overtaking and Passing Vehicle Proceeding in Same Direction.

Section 340.180 Stopping for School Bus.

Section 340.190 Distance Between Vehicles Generally.

Section 340.200 Following Distance for Buses and Trucks.

Section 340.210 Hand and Mechanical Signals.

Section 340.220 Duty to Clear Off Glass or Other Injurious Material Dropped on Street.

Section 340.230 Moving Violations in Work or Construction Zones.

Section 340.240 Utility Vehicles, Prohibited — Exceptions — Operation of Under an Exception — Prohibited Uses — Penalty.

Section 340.010 Following Emergency Vehicle Prohibited.

The driver of any vehicle other than one on official business shall not follow any emergency vehicle traveling in response to an emergency call closer than five hundred (500) feet or drive into or park such vehicle within the block where fire apparatus has stopped in answer to a fire alarm.

Section 340.020 Crossing Fire Hose.

[R.O. 2012 §340.020; CC 1992 §22-2; Ord. No. 1364 §1, 5-4-1970; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a Fire Department when laid down on any street, private driveway or streetcar track, to be used at any fire or alarm of fire, without the consent of the Fire Department official in command.

Section 340.030 Funeral Processions.

[R.O. 2012 §340.030]
A. 
Definitions. As used in this Section, the following terms shall mean:
FUNERAL DIRECTOR
A person licensed as a funeral director pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 333, RSMo.
FUNERAL LEAD VEHICLE OR LEAD VEHICLE
Any motor vehicle equipped with at least one (1) lighted circulating lamp exhibiting an amber or purple light or lens or alternating flashing headlamps visible under normal atmospheric conditions for a distance of five hundred (500) feet from the front of the vehicle. A hearse or coach properly equipped may be a lead vehicle.
ORGANIZED FUNERAL PROCESSION
Two (2) or more vehicles accompanying the remains of a deceased person from a funeral establishment, church, synagogue or other place where a funeral service has taken place to a cemetery, crematory or other place of final disposition, or a funeral establishment, church, synagogue or other place where additional funeral services will be performed, if directed by a licensed funeral director from a licensed establishment.
B. 
Driving Rules.
1. 
Except as otherwise provided for in this Section, pedestrians and operators of all other vehicles shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle which is a part of an organized funeral procession.
2. 
Notwithstanding any traffic control device or right-of-way provision prescribed by State or local law, when the funeral lead vehicle in an organized funeral procession lawfully enters an intersection, all vehicles in the procession shall follow the lead vehicle through the intersection. The operator of each vehicle in the procession shall exercise the highest degree of care toward any other vehicle or pedestrian on the roadway.
3. 
An organized funeral procession shall have the right-of-way at all intersections regardless of any traffic control device at such intersections, except that operators of vehicles in an organized funeral procession shall yield the right-of-way to any approaching emergency vehicle pursuant to the provisions of law or when directed to do so by a Law Enforcement Officer.
4. 
All vehicles in an organized funeral procession shall follow the preceding vehicle in the procession as closely as is practical and safe under the conditions.
5. 
No person shall operate any vehicle as part of an organized funeral procession without the flashing emergency lights of such vehicle being lighted.
6. 
Any person who is not an operator of a vehicle in an organized funeral procession shall not:
a. 
Drive between the vehicles comprising an organized funeral procession while such vehicles are in motion and have the flashing emergency lights lighted pursuant to Subsection (B)(5), above, except when required to do so by a Law Enforcement Officer or when such person is operating an emergency vehicle giving an audible or visual signal;
b. 
Join a funeral procession for the purpose of securing the right-of-way; or
c. 
Attempt to pass any vehicle in an organized funeral procession, except where a passing lane has been specifically provided.
7. 
When an organized funeral procession is proceeding through a red signal light as permitted herein, a vehicle not in the organized funeral procession shall not enter the intersection unless such vehicle may do so without crossing the path of the funeral procession.
8. 
No ordinance, regulation or any other provision of law shall prohibit the use of a motorcycle utilizing flashing amber lights to escort an organized funeral procession on the highway.
C. 
Any person convicted of violating any provision of this Section shall be punished by a fine not to exceed one hundred dollars ($100.00).

Section 340.040 Vehicle Shall Not Be Driven on a Sidewalk — Prohibition on Obstruction of Bicycle Lanes — Drivers to Yield to Bicycles in Designated Bicycle Lanes.

The driver of a motor vehicle shall not drive within any sidewalk area except on a permanent or temporary driveway. A designated bicycle lane shall not be obstructed by a parked or standing motor vehicle or other stationary object. A motor vehicle may be driven in a designated bicycle lane only for the purpose of a lawful maneuver to cross the lane or to provide for safe travel. In making an otherwise lawful maneuver that requires traveling in or crossing a designated bicycle lane, the driver of a motor vehicle shall yield to any bicycle in the lane. As used in this Section, the term "designated bicycle lane" shall mean a portion of the roadway or highway that has been designated by the Governing Body having jurisdiction over such roadway or highway by striping with signing or striping with pavement markings for the preferential or exclusive use of bicycles.

Section 340.050 Limitations on Backing.

[R.O. 2012 §340.070; CC 1992 §22-2; Ord. No. 1364 §1, 5-4-1970; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same unless such movement can be made with reasonable safety and without interfering with other traffic.

Section 340.060 Opening and Closing Vehicle Doors.

[R.O. 2012 §340.080; CC 1992 §22-2; Ord. No. 1364 §1, 5-4-1970; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
No person shall open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so, nor shall any person leave a door open on the side of a motor vehicle available to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers.

Section 340.070 Riding on Motorcycles — Additional Passenger — Requirements.

[R.O. 2012 §340.090; CC 1992 §22-2; Ord. No. 1364 §1, 5-4-1970; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
A. 
A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached thereto and such operator shall not carry any other person nor shall any other person ride on a motorcycle unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than one (1) person, in which event a passenger may ride upon the permanent and regular seat if designed for two (2) persons, or upon another seat firmly attached to the rear or side of the operator.
B. 
The operator of a motorized bicycle shall ride only astride the permanent and regular seat attached thereto and shall not permit more than one (1) person to ride thereon at the same time, unless the motorized bicycle is designed to carry more than one (1) person. Any motorized bicycle designed to carry more than one (1) person must be equipped with a passenger seat and footrests for the use of a passenger.

Section 340.080 Riding Bicycle on Sidewalks — Limitations — Motorized Bicycles Prohibited.

[R.O. 2012 §340.100; CC 1992 §22-2; Ord. No. 1364 §1, 5-4-1970; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
A. 
No person shall ride a bicycle upon a sidewalk within a business district.
B. 
Whenever any person is riding a bicycle upon a sidewalk, such person shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give audible signal before overtaking and passing such pedestrian.
C. 
No person shall ride a motorized bicycle upon a sidewalk.

Section 340.090 All-Terrain Vehicles, Prohibited — Exceptions — Operation of Under an Exception — Prohibited Uses — Penalty.

[R.O. 2012 §340.110; CC 1992 §22-2; Ord. No. 1364 §1, 5-4-1970; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
A. 
No person shall operate an all-terrain vehicle, as defined in Section 300.010, upon the streets and highways of this City, except as follows:
1. 
All-terrain vehicles owned and operated by a governmental entity for official use;
2. 
All-terrain vehicles operated for agricultural purposes or industrial on-premise purposes between the official sunrise and sunset on the day of operation; or
3. 
All-terrain vehicles whose operators carry a special permit issued by this City pursuant to Section 304.013, RSMo.
B. 
No person shall operate an off-road vehicle, as defined in Section 304.001, RSMo., within any stream or river in this City, except that off-road vehicles may be operated within waterways which flow within the boundaries of land which an off-road vehicle operator owns, or for agricultural purposes within the boundaries of land which an off-road vehicle operator owns or has permission to be upon, or for the purpose of fording such stream or river of this State at such road crossings as are customary or part of the highway system. All Law Enforcement Officials or Peace Officers of this State and its political subdivisions shall enforce the provisions of this Subsection within the geographic area of their jurisdiction.
C. 
A person operating an all-terrain vehicle on a street or highway pursuant to an exception covered in this Section shall have a valid license to operate a vehicle, but shall not be required to have passed an examination for the operation of a motorcycle, and the vehicle shall be operated at speeds of less than thirty (30) miles per hour. When operated on a street or highway, an all-terrain vehicle shall have a bicycle safety flag, which extends not less than seven (7) feet above the ground, attached to the rear of the vehicle. The bicycle safety flag shall be triangular in shape with an area of not less than thirty (30) square inches and shall be dayglow in color.
D. 
No person shall operate an all-terrain vehicle:
1. 
In any careless way so as to endanger the person or property of another;
2. 
While under the influence of alcohol or any controlled substance; or
3. 
Without a securely fastened safety helmet on the head of an individual who operates an all-terrain vehicle or who is being towed or otherwise propelled by an all-terrain vehicle, unless the individual is at least eighteen (18) years of age.
E. 
No operator of an all-terrain vehicle shall carry a passenger, except for agricultural purposes.

Section 340.100 Riding Bicycles, Sleds, Roller Skates by Attaching to Another Vehicle Prohibited — Pulling a Rider Behind Vehicle Prohibited.

No person riding upon any bicycle, motorized bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself/herself to any vehicle upon a roadway. Neither shall the driver of a vehicle knowingly pull a rider behind a vehicle.

Section 340.110 Controlled Access.

[R.O. 2012 §340.130; CC 1992 §22-2; Ord. No. 1364 §1, 5-4-1970; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
No person shall drive a vehicle onto or from any controlled access roadway except at such entrances and exits as are established by public authority.

Section 340.120 Railroad Trains Not to Block Streets.

[R.O. 2012 §340.140; CC 1992 §22-2; Ord. No. 1364 §1, 5-4-1970; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
It shall be unlawful for the directing officer or the operator of any railroad train to direct the operation of or to operate the same in such a manner as to prevent the use of any street for purposes of travel for a period of time longer than five (5) minutes; provided that this Section shall not apply to a moving train or to one stopped because of an emergency or for repairs necessary before it can proceed safely.

Section 340.130 Driving Through Safety Zone Prohibited.

[R.O. 2012 §340.150; CC 1992 §22-2; Ord. No. 1364 §1, 5-4-1970; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
No vehicle shall at any time be driven through or within a safety zone.

Section 340.140 Manner of Operation of Motor Vehicles.

[R.O. 2012 §340.160; CC 1992 §22-36; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
Every person operating a motor vehicle on the streets of the City shall drive the vehicle in a careful and prudent manner and at a rate of speed so as not to endanger the property of another or the life or limb of any person and shall exercise the highest degree of care.

Section 340.150 Rules of the Road to Be Observed.

[R.O. 2012 §340.170; CC 1992 §22-38; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
Every person operating or driving a vehicle upon the streets of the City shall observe and comply with the rules of the road set out in this Title.

Section 340.160 Stopping on Roadway — Driving on Right Side of Roadway.

[R.O. 2012 §340.180; CC 1992 §22-39; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
A. 
All vehicles not in motion shall be placed with their right side as near the right-hand side of the street as practicable, except on streets where vehicles are obliged to move in one (1) direction only or where parking of motor vehicles is regulated by ordinance.
B. 
Upon all public roads or streets of sufficient width a vehicle shall be driven upon the right-half of the roadway, except as follows:
1. 
When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction under the rules governing such movement.
2. 
When placing a vehicle in position for and when such vehicle is lawfully making a left turn in compliance with the provisions of this Title.
3. 
When the right-half of a roadway is closed to traffic while under construction or repair.
4. 
Upon a street designated as a one-way street and marked or signed for one-way traffic.
C. 
Whenever any roadway has been divided into three (3) or more clearly marked lanes for traffic, the following rules in addition to all others consistent herewith shall apply:
1. 
A vehicle shall be driven as nearly as practicable entirely within a single lane and shall not be moved from such lane until the driver has first ascertained that such movement can be made with safety;
2. 
Upon a roadway which is divided into three (3) lanes a vehicle shall not be driven in the center lane, except when overtaking and passing another vehicle where the roadway ahead is clearly visible and such center lane is clear of traffic within a safe distance, or in preparation for a left turn or where such center lane is at the time allocated exclusively to traffic moving in the direction the vehicle is proceeding and is sign-posted to give notice of such allocation;
3. 
Upon all highways any vehicle proceeding at less than the normal speed of traffic thereon shall be driven in the right-hand lane for traffic or as close as practicable to the right-hand edge or curb, except as otherwise provided in Sections 304.014 to 304.025, RSMo.;
4. 
Official signs may be erected by the Highways and Transportation Commission or the Highway Patrol may place temporary signs directing slow-moving traffic to use a designated lane or allocating specified lanes to traffic moving in the same direction and drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of every such sign;
5. 
Drivers of vehicles proceeding in opposite directions shall pass each other to the right, and except when a roadway has been divided into traffic lanes, each driver shall give to the other at least one-half (½) of the main traveled portion of the roadway whenever possible.
D. 
All vehicles in motion upon a street having two (2) or more lanes of traffic proceeding in the same direction shall be driven in the right-hand lane except when overtaking and passing another vehicle or when preparing to make a proper left turn or when otherwise directed by traffic markings, signs or signals.

Section 340.170 Overtaking and Passing Vehicle Proceeding in Same Direction.

[R.O. 2012 §340.190; CC 1992 §22-40; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
A. 
The following rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in the same direction, subject to the limitations and exceptions stated in this Section:
1. 
The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle.
2. 
Except when overtaking and passing on the right is permitted, the driver of an overtaken vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle on audible signal and shall not increase the speed of his/her vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.
B. 
The driver of a motor vehicle may overtake and pass to the right of another vehicle only under the following conditions:
1. 
When the vehicle overtaken is making or about to make a left turn.
2. 
Upon a City street with unobstructed pavement of sufficient width for two (2) or more lines of vehicles in each direction.
3. 
Upon a one-way street.
4. 
The driver of a motor vehicle may overtake and pass another vehicle upon the right only under the conditions set out in Subsections (B)(1) through (3) of this Section when such movement may be made in safety. In no event shall such movement be made by driving off the paved or main traveled portion of the roadway.
5. 
The provisions of this Subsection shall not relieve the driver of a slow-moving vehicle from the duty to drive as closely as practicable to the right-hand edge of the roadway.
C. 
Except when a roadway has been divided into three (3) traffic lanes, no vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the centerline of a street or public road in overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction unless such left side is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead to permit such overtaking and passing to be completely made without interfering with the safe operation of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction or any vehicle overtaken.
D. 
No vehicle shall at any time be driven to the left side of the roadway under the following conditions:
1. 
When approaching the crest of a grade or upon a curve of the street where the driver's view is obstructed within such distance as to create a hazard if another vehicle might approach from the opposite direction.
2. 
When the view is obstructed upon approaching within one hundred (100) feet of any bridge, viaduct or tunnel or when approaching within one hundred (100) feet of or at any intersection or railroad grade crossing.

Section 340.180 Stopping for School Bus.

A. 
The driver of a vehicle upon a highway upon meeting or overtaking from either direction any school bus which has stopped on the highway for the purpose of receiving or discharging any school children and whose driver has in the manner prescribed by law given the signal to stop shall stop the vehicle before reaching such school bus and shall not proceed until such school bus resumes motion or until signaled by its driver to proceed.
B. 
Every bus used for the transportation of school children shall bear upon the front and rear thereon a plainly visible sign containing the words "School Bus" in letters not less than eight (8) inches in height. Each bus shall have lettered on the rear in plain and distinct type the following: "State Law: Stop While Bus is Loading and Unloading". Each school bus subject to the provisions of Sections 304.050 to 304.070, RSMo., shall be equipped with a mechanical and electrical signaling device approved by the State Board of Education which will display a signal plainly visible from the front and rear and indicating intention to stop.
C. 
Every school bus operated to transport students in the public school system which has a gross vehicle weight rating of more than ten thousand (10,000) pounds, which has the engine mounted entirely in front of the windshield and the entrance door behind the front wheels, and which is used for the transportation of school children shall be equipped with a crossing control arm. The crossing control arm, when activated, shall extend a minimum of five (5) feet six (6) inches from the face of the front bumper. The crossing control arm shall be attached on the right side of the front bumper and shall be activated by the same controls which activate the mechanical and electrical signaling devices described in Subsection (B) of this Section. This Subsection may be cited as "Jessica's Law" in commemoration of Jessica Leicht and all other Missouri school children who have been injured or killed during the operation of a school bus.
D. 
Except as otherwise provided in this Section, the driver of a school bus in the process of loading or unloading students upon a street or highway shall activate the mechanical and electrical signaling devices, in the manner prescribed by the State Board of Education, to communicate to drivers of other vehicles that students are loading or unloading. A public school district has the authority pursuant to Section 304.050, RSMo., to adopt a policy which provides that the driver of a school bus in the process of loading or unloading students upon a divided highway of four (4) or more lanes may pull off of the main roadway and load or unload students without activating the mechanical and electrical signaling devices in a manner which gives the signal for other drivers to stop and may use the amber signaling devices to alert motorists that the school bus is slowing to a stop; provided that the passengers are not required to cross any traffic lanes and also provided that the emergency flashing signal lights are activated in a manner which indicates that drivers should proceed with caution and, in such case, the driver of a vehicle may proceed past the school bus with due caution. No driver of a school bus shall take on or discharge passengers at any location upon a highway consisting of four (4) or more lanes of traffic, whether or not divided by a median or barrier, in such manner as to require the passengers to cross more than two (2) lanes of traffic; nor shall any passengers be taken on or discharged while the vehicle is upon the road or highway proper unless the vehicle so stopped is plainly visible for at least five hundred (500) feet in each direction to drivers of other vehicles in the case of a highway with no shoulder and a speed limit greater than sixty (60) miles per hour and at least three hundred (300) feet in each direction to drivers of other vehicles upon other highways, and on all highways, only for such time as is actually necessary to take on and discharge passengers.
E. 
The driver of a vehicle upon a highway with separate roadways need not stop upon meeting or overtaking a school bus which is on a different roadway, which is proceeding in the opposite direction on a highway containing four (4) or more lanes of traffic, or which is stopped in a loading zone constituting a part of, or adjacent to, a limited or controlled access highway at a point where pedestrians are not permitted to cross the roadway.

Section 340.190 Distance Between Vehicles Generally. [1]

[R.O. 2012 §340.210; CC 1992 §22-41; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
The driver of a vehicle other than those designated in Section 340.200 shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonably safe and prudent, having due regard for the speed of such vehicle and the traffic upon and the condition of the roadway. Vehicles being driven upon any roadway outside of a business or residence district in a caravan or motorcade, whether or not towing other vehicles, shall be so operated, except in a funeral procession or in a duly authorized parade, so as to allow sufficient space between each such vehicle or combination of vehicles as to enable any other vehicle to overtake or pass such vehicles in safety. This Section shall in no manner affect Section 340.200 hereof, relating to distance between trucks traveling on the street.
[1]
Cross Reference — As to following distance for trucks and buses, §340.200.

Section 340.200 Following Distance for Buses and Trucks. [1]

[R.O. 2012 §340.220; CC 1992 §22-48; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
A. 
The following terms, as used in this Section, shall have the meanings designated in this Subsection:
BUS
Any vehicle or motorcar designed and used for the purpose of carrying more than seven (7) persons.
TRUCK
Any vehicle, machine, tractor, trailer or semi-trailer, or any combination thereof, propelled or drawn by mechanical power and designed or used in the transportation of property upon the streets.
B. 
The driver of any truck or bus, when traveling upon a public street of the City outside of a business or residential district, shall not follow within three hundred (300) feet of another such vehicle; provided that the provisions of this Section shall not be construed to prevent the overtaking and passing, by any such truck or bus, of another similar vehicle.
[1]
Cross Reference — As to distance between vehicles generally, §340.190.

Section 340.210 Hand and Mechanical Signals.

[R.O. 2012 §340.230; CC 1992 §22-42; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
A. 
No person shall stop or suddenly decrease the speed of or turn a vehicle from a direct course or move right or left upon a roadway unless and until such movement can be made with reasonable safety, and then only after the giving of an appropriate signal in the manner provided in this Section.
1. 
An operator or driver, when stopping, or when checking the speed of his/her vehicle, if the movement of other vehicles may reasonably be affected by such checking of speed, shall extend his/her arm at an angle below horizontal so that his/her arm may be seen in the rear of his/her vehicle.
2. 
An operator or driver intending to turn his/her vehicle to the right shall extend his/her arm at an angle above horizontal so that his/her arm may be seen in front of and in the rear of his/her vehicle, and shall slow down and approach the intersecting street as near as practicable to the right side of the street along which he/she is proceeding before turning.
3. 
An operator or driver intending to turn his/her vehicle to the left shall extend his/her arm in a horizontal position so that his/her arm may be seen in the rear of his/her vehicle, and shall slow down and approach the intersecting street so that the left side of his/her vehicle shall be as near as practicable to the centerline of the street along which he/she is proceeding before turning.
4. 
The signals required in this Section shall be given either by means of the hand and arm or by a signal light or signal device in good mechanical condition of a type approved by the State Highway Patrol; however, when a vehicle is so constructed or loaded that a hand and arm signal would not be visible both to the front and rear of such vehicle then such signals shall be given by such light or device. A vehicle shall be considered as so constructed or loaded that a hand and arm signal would not be visible both to the front and rear when the distance from the center of the top of the steering post to the left outside limit of the body, cab or load exceeds twenty-four (24) inches, or when the distance from the center of the top of the steering post to the rear limit of the body or load thereon exceeds fourteen (14) feet, which limit of fourteen (14) feet shall apply to single vehicles or combinations of vehicles. The provisions of this Subsection shall not apply to any trailer which does not interfere with a clear view of the hand signals of the operator or of the signalling device upon the vehicle pulling the trailer; provided further, that the provisions of this Section, as relating to mechanical devices on vehicles so constructed that a hand and arm signal would not be visible both to the front and rear of such vehicle as provided in this Subsection, shall only be applicable to new vehicles registered within this State after January 1, 1954.

Section 340.220 Duty to Clear Off Glass or Other Injurious Material Dropped on Street. [1]

[R.O. 2012 §340.240; CC 1992 §22-51; Ord. No. 1634, 4-11-1983]
Any person who has purposely, accidentally or by reason of an accident dropped from his/her person or any vehicle any tacks, nails, wire, scrap metal, glass, crockery, sharp stones or other substances injurious to the feet of persons or animals, or to the tires or wheels of vehicles, including motor vehicles, upon any street, shall immediately make all reasonable efforts to clear the street of the substances.
[1]
Cross Reference — As to streets and sidewalks, ch. 510.

Section 340.230 Moving Violations in Work or Construction Zones.

[R.O. 2012 §340.250; Ord. No. 3478 §4, 8-10-2009]
A. 
Upon the first (1st) conviction or plea of guilty by any person for a moving violation as defined in Section 302.010, RSMo., or any offense listed in Section 302.302, RSMo., the court shall assess a fine of thirty-five dollars ($35.00) in addition to any other fine authorized to be imposed by law, if the offense occurred within a construction zone or a work zone. Upon a second (2nd) or subsequent such conviction or plea of guilty, the court shall assess a fine of seventy-five dollars ($75.00) in addition to any other fine authorized to be imposed by law.
B. 
Upon the first (1st) conviction or plea of guilty by any person for a speeding violation under either Chapter 320 of the Union Code of Ordinances, or a passing violation under Subsection (D) of this Section, the court shall assess a fine of two hundred fifty dollars ($250.00) in addition to any other fine authorized by law if the offense occurred within a construction zone or a work zone and at the time the speeding or passing violation occurred there was any highway worker in such zone. Upon a second (2nd) or subsequent such conviction or plea of guilty, the court shall assess a fine of three hundred dollars ($300.00) in addition to any other fine authorized by law. However, no person assessed an additional fine under this Subsection shall also be assessed an additional fine under Subsection (A) of this Section, and no person shall be assessed an additional fine under this Subsection if no signs have been posted under Subsection (C) of this Section.
C. 
The penalty authorized by Subsection (B) of this Section shall only be assessed by the court if the Department of Transportation, City worker or a contractor or subcontractor performing work for the Department of Transportation or City of Union has erected signs upon or around a construction zone or work zone which are clearly visible from the highway and which state substantially the following message: "Warning: Minimum $250 fine for speeding or passing in this work zone when workers are present".
D. 
The driver of a motor vehicle may not overtake or pass another motor vehicle within a work zone or construction zone as provided in this Subsection. Violation of this Subsection is an ordinance violation.
1. 
This Subsection applies to a construction zone or work zone located upon a highway divided into two (2) or more marked lanes for traffic moving in the same direction and for which motor vehicles are instructed to merge from one lane into another lane and not pass by appropriate signs or traffic control devices erected by the Department of Transportation, City workers or a contractor or subcontractor performing work for the Department of Transportation or the City of Union.
2. 
This Subsection also prohibits the operator of a motor vehicle from passing or attempting to pass another motor vehicle in a work zone or construction zone located upon a two-lane highway when highway workers or equipment are working and when appropriate signs or traffic control devices have been erected by the Department of Transportation, City workers or a contractor or subcontractor performing work for the Department of Transportation or the City of Union.
E. 
The additional fines imposed by this Section shall not be construed to enhance the assessment of court costs or the assessment of points under Section 302.302, RSMo.
F. 
As used in the preceding Subsections, the term "construction zone" or "work zone" means any area upon or around any highway as defined in Section 302.010, RSMo., which is visibly marked by the Department of Transportation, the City of Union or a contractor or subcontractor performing work for the Department of Transportation or the City of Union as an area where construction, maintenance, incident removal, or other work is temporarily occurring. The term "work zone" or "construction zone" also includes the lanes of highway leading up to the area upon which an activity described in this Subsection is being performed, beginning at the point where appropriate signs or traffic control devices are posted or placed. The terms "worker" or "highway worker", as used in the preceding Subsections, shall mean any person that is working in a construction zone or work zone, or any employee of the Department of Transportation that is performing duties under the department's motorist assist program on a State highway or the right-of-way of a State highway.

Section 340.240 Utility Vehicles, Prohibited — Exceptions — Operation of Under an Exception — Prohibited Uses — Penalty.

[R.O. 2012 §340.260; Ord. No. 3498 §4, 11-9-2009]
A. 
No person shall operate a utility vehicle, as defined in Section 300.010 of the City of Union Code, upon the streets of this City except as follows:
1. 
The City Clerk may issue a special permit, pursuant to Section 304.032, RSMo., for utility vehicles to be used on streets within the City limits by licensed drivers. Said permit to be issued upon proof that the applicant has a valid operator's or chauffeur's license, that the applicant has liability insurance covering the operation of said vehicle in an amount meeting the Missouri minimum standards for automobile insurance and the payment of a fee of fifteen dollars ($15.00).
2. 
No person shall operate a utility vehicle within any stream or river in this State, except that utility vehicles may be operated within waterways which flow within the boundaries of land which a utility vehicle operator owns, or for agricultural purposes within the boundaries of land which a utility vehicle operator owns or has permission to be upon, or for the purpose of fording such stream or river of this State at such road crossings as are customary or part of the highway system. All Law Enforcement Officials or Peace Officers of this State and its political subdivisions or Department of Conservation agents or Department of Natural Resources Park Rangers shall enforce the provisions of this Subsection within the geographic area of their jurisdiction.
3. 
A person operating a utility vehicle on a highway shall have a valid operator's or chauffeur's license, but shall not be required to have passed an examination for the operation of a motorcycle, and the vehicle shall be operated at a speed no greater than the posted or established speed limit for the street which they are on, but in no case shall they operate at a speed in excess of forty-five (45) miles per hour.
4. 
No persons shall operate a utility vehicle:
a. 
In any careless way so as to endanger the person or property of another; or
b. 
While under the influence of alcohol or any controlled substance.
5. 
No operator of a utility vehicle shall carry a passenger, except for a utility vehicle in which the seat of such vehicle is designed to carry more than one (1) person.
B. 
A violation of this Section shall be an ordinance violation. In addition to other legal remedies, the City Attorney may institute a civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction for injunctive relief to prevent such violation or future violations and for the assessment of a civil penalty not to exceed one hundred dollars ($100.00) per day of violation.