City of Grain Valley, MO
Jackson County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Section 340.010 Following Fire Apparatus — Prohibited.

Section 340.020 Crossing Fire Hose.

Section 340.030 Driving Through Funeral or Other Procession.

Section 340.040 Driving in Procession.

Section 340.050 Funeral Procession to Be Identified.

Section 340.060 When Permits Required for Parades, Processions.

Section 340.070 Driving on Sidewalks.

Section 340.080 Limitation on Backing.

Section 340.090 Opening and Closing Vehicle Doors.

Section 340.100 Riding on Motorcycles — Additional Passenger, Requirements.

Section 340.110 Attaching to Moving Vehicles.

Section 340.120 Controlled Access.

Section 340.130 Railroad Trains Not to Block Streets.

Section 340.140 Driving Through Safety Zone Prohibited.

Section 340.150 Distance at Which Vehicle Must Follow.

Section 340.160 Reckless Driving.

Section 340.170 Attempting to Evade or Elude Police Officer.

Section 340.180 To Drive With Due Care for Conditions.

Section 340.190 Emergency Conditions Due to Snow, Sleet or Freezing Rain.

Section 340.200 Driving on Right Side of Roadway — Traffic Lanes — Signs.

Section 340.210 Overloaded, Etc., Vehicles — Permitting Load, Etc., to Fall on Street, Etc.

Section 340.220 Operation of Vehicles on Freshly Oiled Streets Prohibited — Signs Required.

Section 340.230 Depositing Dangerous Items on Roadway.

Section 340.240 Wearing of Safety Helmet Required.

Section 340.250 Handicapped Persons With White Cane or Dog, Driver to Take All Necessary Precautions — Cane or Dog Not Required to Enforce Rights, When.

Section 340.260 Passing Regulations.

Section 340.270 School Buses — Loading and Unloading, When Drivers to Stop for — Identification and Equipment — Duties of Bus Driver — Violations.

Section 340.280 Seat Belts and Child Restraint Devices.

Section 340.281 Passengers in Truck Beds.

Section 340.283 Penalty.

Section 340.010 Following Fire Apparatus — Prohibited. [1]

[Code 1985, §76.765; CC 1990 §14-92]
The driver of any vehicle other than one on official business shall not follow any fire apparatus traveling in response to a fire alarm closer than five hundred (500) feet or drive into or park such vehicle within the block where fire apparatus has stopped in answer to a fire alarm.
[1]
Cross Reference — Fire department, §205.010 et seq.

Section 340.020 Crossing Fire Hose.

[Code 1985, §76.770; CC 1990 §14-93]
No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of the Fire Department when laid down on any street, private driveway or streetcar track, to be used at any fire or alarm of fire, without the consent of the Fire Department Official in command.

Section 340.030 Driving Through Funeral or Other Procession.

[Code 1985, §76.775; CC 1990 §14-94]
No driver of a vehicle shall drive between the vehicles comprising a funeral or other authorized procession while they are in motion and when such vehicles are conspicuously designated as required in this Title. This provision shall not apply at intersections where traffic is controlled by traffic control signals or Police Officers.

Section 340.040 Driving in Procession.

[Code 1985, §76.780; CC 1990 §14-95]
Each driver in a funeral or other procession shall drive as near to the right-hand edge of the roadway as practicable and shall follow the vehicle ahead as close as is practicable and safe.

Section 340.050 Funeral Procession to Be Identified.

[Code 1985, §76.785; CC 1990 §14-96]
A funeral composed of a procession of vehicles shall be identified as such by the display upon the outside of each vehicle of a pennant or other identifying insignia or by such other method as may be determined and designated by the Police Department.

Section 340.060 When Permits Required for Parades, Processions. [1]

[Code 1985, §76.790; CC 1990 §14-97]
No funeral, procession or parade containing two hundred (200) or more persons or fifty (50) or more vehicles except the forces of the United States Army or Navy, the military forces of this State and the forces of the Police and Fire Departments, shall occupy, march or proceed along any street except in accordance with a permit issued in accordance with Chapter 347 of this Code, and such other regulations as are set forth herein which may apply.
[1]
Cross Reference — Licenses, permits and miscellaneous business regulations, ch. 605.

Section 340.070 Driving on Sidewalks.

[Code 1985, §76.795; CC 1990 §14-98]
The driver of a vehicle shall not drive within any sidewalk area except at a permanent or temporary driveway.

Section 340.080 Limitation on Backing.

[Code 1985, §76.800; CC 1990 §14-99]
The driver of a vehicle shall not back the same unless such movement can be made with reasonable safety and without interfering with other traffic.

Section 340.090 Opening and Closing Vehicle Doors.

[Code 1985, §76.805; CC 1990 §14-100]
No person shall open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so, nor shall any person leave a door open on the side of a motor vehicle available to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers.

Section 340.100 Riding on Motorcycles — Additional Passenger, Requirements.

[Code 1985, §76.850; CC 1990 §14-101]
A. 
A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and such operator shall not carry any other person nor shall any other person ride on a motorcycle unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than one (1) person, in which event a passenger may ride upon the permanent and regular seat if designed for two (2) persons, or upon another seat firmly attached to the rear or side of the operator.
B. 
The operator of a motorized bicycle shall ride only astride the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and shall not permit more than one (1) person to ride thereon at the same time, unless the motorized bicycle is designed to carry more than one (1) person. Any motorized bicycle designed to carry more than one (1) person must be equipped with a passenger seat and footrests for the use of a passenger.

Section 340.110 Attaching to Moving Vehicles.

[Code 1985, §76.830; CC 1990 §14-102]
No person riding upon any bicycle, motorized bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself/herself to any moving vehicle upon a roadway.

Section 340.120 Controlled Access.

[Code 1985, §76.835; CC 1990 §14-103]
No person shall drive a vehicle onto or from any controlled access roadway except at such entrances and exits as are established by public authority.

Section 340.130 Railroad Trains Not to Block Streets.

[Code 1985, §76.840; CC 1990 §14-104]
It shall be unlawful for the directing officer or the operator of any railroad train to direct the operation of or to operate the same in such a manner as to prevent the use of any street for purposes of travel for a period of time longer than five (5) minutes; provided that, this Section shall not apply to a moving train or to one stopped because of an emergency or for repairs necessary before it can proceed safely.

Section 340.140 Driving Through Safety Zone Prohibited.

[Code 1985, §76.815; CC 1990 §14-105]
No vehicle shall at any time be driven through or within a safety zone.

Section 340.150 Distance at Which Vehicle Must Follow.

[Code 1985, §76.390; CC 1990 §14-91]
The driver of a vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonably safe and prudent, having due regard for the speed of such vehicle and the traffic upon and the condition of the roadway. Vehicles being driven upon any roadway outside of a business or residence district in a caravan or motorcade, whether or not towing other vehicles, shall be so operated, except in a funeral procession or in a duly authorized parade, so as to allow sufficient space between each such vehicle or combination of vehicles as to enable any other vehicle to overtake or pass such vehicles in safety. This Section shall in no manner affect Section 304.044, RSMo., relating to distance between trucks traveling on the highway.

Section 340.160 Reckless Driving.

[Code 1985, §76.285; CC 1990 §14-87]
Any person who operates a vehicle upon a street carelessly and heedlessly, in disregard of the rights or safety of others, or without due caution and circumspection, or at a speed and in a manner so as to endanger or be likely to endanger any person or property, shall be guilty of careless driving, and shall be punished as provided in Section 100.110 of this Code.

Section 340.170 Attempting to Evade or Elude Police Officer.

[Code 1985, §76.287; CC 1990 §14-88; Ord. No. 573, 1-11-1988]
It shall be unlawful for the operator of a motor vehicle to attempt to evade or elude by failing to stop his/her vehicle when such officer has indicated by the activation of his/her red lights and siren that such vehicle is to move to the right side of the roadway and stop all forward motion.

Section 340.180 To Drive With Due Care for Conditions.

[Code 1985, §76.290; CC 1990 §14-89]
Every person operating a vehicle on the highways, streets, or alleys of this Municipality shall exercise the highest degree of care under the conditions then and there existing.

Section 340.190 Emergency Conditions Due to Snow, Sleet or Freezing Rain.

[CC 1990 §14-358; Ord. No. 829 §14-358, 11-23-1992; Ord. No. 936 §§1 — 2, 12-12-1994; Ord. No. 1333 §1, 7-24-2000; Ord. No. 1823 §1, 4-10-2006; Ord. No. 1938, 12-27-2007; Ord. No. 2008, 1-12-2009; Ord. No. 2177 §1, 10-24-2011]
A. 
Driving Emergency. When snow, sleet or freezing rain is causing slippery or hazardous conditions which might lead to serious traffic congestion, no vehicle shall be operated on any "Emergency Route" as defined in Subsection (C) herein without first having equipped such vehicle with effective skid chains or snow tires.
B. 
Parking Emergency. All vehicles parked on such "Emergency Routes" must be removed within two (2) hours after snow, sleet or freezing rain is causing slippery or hazardous conditions.
C. 
Designation Of Emergency Routes. "Emergency Routes" are hereby defined as all streets designated as "Emergency Snow Route" as designed by public works, such special signs to be erected in both directions on any designated "Emergency Route". The following locations are considered emergency snow routes:
NW Rosewood Drive from East Duncan Road to NW Hedgewood Drive
NW Hedgewood Drive from Dillingham Road to East Duncan Road
Dillingham Road from NW Hedgewood Drive to East Duncan Road
East Duncan Road from Tyer Road to North Buckner-Tarsney Road
NW Woodbury Drive from East Duncan Road to NW Pecan Drive
NW Pecan Drive from NW Cedar Lane to NW Woodbury Drive
NW Cedar Lane from NW Woodbury Lane to NW Pecan Drive
NW Woodbury Lane from East Duncan Road to NW Cedar Lane
Rust Road from East Duncan Road to North Buckner-Tarnsey Road
NW Woodbury Drive from NW Valley Ridge Drive to Buckner-Tarsney
NW Eagles Ridge from NW Jefferson to NW Hilltop Lane
North Buckner-Tarsney Road from East Duncan Road to SW Eagles Parkway
R.D. Mize from Pavilion Lane to OOIDA Drive
OOIDA Drive from R.D. Mize Road to East U.S. 40 Highway
NW Meadow Drive from R.D. Mize Road to East U.S. 40 Highway
Yennie Avenue from East U.S. 40 Highway to Main Street
James Rollo Drive from Buckner-Tarsney to end of road
SW Eagles Parkway from Main Street to NW Jackie Avenue
W Front Street from E.E. Kirby Road to Buckner-Tarsney
W Broadway Street from Buckner-Tarsney to Parker Drive
Royer Lane from Eagles Parkway to Willow Drive
Cross Creek Drive from W Broadway to Stone Brook Drive
Jackie Avenue from Eagles Parkway to Willow Drive
SW Dean Drive from Sni-A-Bar Boulevard to SW Joseph Lane
SW Joseph Lane from SW Dean Drive to SW Hillsboro Drive
SW Sandy Lane from Sni-A-Bar Boulevard to SW Laura Lane
SW Lakeview Drive from Sni-A-Bar Boulevard to SW Montana Ridge Drive
SW Greystone Drive from SW Montana Ridge Drive to SW Addie Lane
SW Foxtail Drive from SW Stoney Point Drive to SW Shorthorn Drive
SW Stoney Point Drive from Ryan Road to SW Foxtail Drive
SW Meadowood Drive from SW Creek Ridge Drive to SW Tisha Lane
SW Shorthorn Drive from Sni-A-Bar Boulevard to SW Brome Drive
SW Creek Ridge Drive from Woodland Drive to SW Meadowood Drive
SW Woodland Drive from SW Nelson Drive to SW Creek Ridge Drive
Montana Ridge Drive from SW Sni-A-Bar Boulevard to SW Lakeview Drive
SW Addie Lane from SW Joseph Circle to South Minter Road
Shorthorn Drive from SW Sni-A-Bar Boulevard to SW Foxtail Drive
SW Nelson Drive from Shorthorn Drive to Buckner-Tarsney
Crosscreek Drive from SW August Drive to West Ryan Road
West Ryan Road from South Buckner-Tarsney Road to South Minter Road
SW Crosscreek Drive from West Ryan Road to Mill Creek Court
E.E. Kirby Road from SW Eagles Parkway to Yennie Avenue
Sni-A-Bar Boulevard from U.S. 40 Highway to South Buckner-Tarsney Road
Barr Road from U.S. 40 Highway to R.D. Mize
D. 
Towing. Vehicles in violation of Subsections (A) and (B) herein may be towed at the owner's expense in addition to any traffic ticket issued for illegal or improper parking.

Section 340.200 Driving on Right Side of Roadway — Traffic Lanes — Signs.

[Code 1985, §76.385; CC 1990 §14-90]
A. 
All vehicles not in motion shall be placed with their right side as near the right-hand side of the highway as practicable, except on streets where vehicles are obliged to move in one (1) direction only or parking of motor vehicles is regulated by ordinance.
B. 
Upon all public roads or highways of sufficient width a vehicle shall be driven upon the right half of the roadway, except as follows:
1. 
When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction under the rules governing such movement;
2. 
When placing a vehicle in position for and when such vehicle is lawfully making a left turn in compliance with the provisions of Sections 304.014 to 304.026, RSMo., or traffic regulations thereunder or of the City;
3. 
When the right half of a roadway is closed to traffic while under construction or repair;
4. 
Upon a roadway designated by ordinance as a one-way street and marked or signed for one-way traffic.
C. 
It is unlawful to drive any vehicle upon any highway or road which has been divided into two (2) or more roadways by means of a physical barrier or by means of a dividing section or delineated by curbs, lines or other markings on the roadway, except to the right of such barrier or dividing section, or to make any left turn or semicircular or u-turn on any such divided highway, except in a crossover or intersection.
D. 
Signs may be erected temporarily designating lanes to be used by traffic moving in a particular direction, regardless of the centerline of the highway, and all members of the State Highway Patrol and other Peace Officers may direct traffic in conformance with such signs. When authorized signs have been erected designating off-center traffic lanes, no person shall disobey the instructions given by such signs.
E. 
Whenever any roadway has been divided into three (3) or more clearly marked lanes for traffic, the following rules in addition to all others consistent herewith shall apply:
1. 
A vehicle shall be driven as nearly as practicable entirely within a single lane and shall not be moved from such lane until the driver has first ascertained that such movement can be made with safety.
2. 
Upon a roadway which is divided into three (3) lanes a vehicle shall not be driven in the center lane, except when overtaking and passing another vehicle where the roadway ahead is clearly visible and such center lane is clear of traffic within a safe distance, or in preparation for a left turn or where such center lane is at the time allocated exclusively to traffic moving in the direction the vehicle is proceeding and is signposted to give notice of such allocation.
3. 
Upon all highways any vehicle proceeding at less than the normal speed of traffic thereon shall be driven in the right-hand lane for traffic or as close as practicable to the right-hand edge or curb, except as otherwise provided in Sections 304.014 to 304.026, RSMo.
4. 
Official signs may be erected directing slow-moving traffic to use a designated lane or allocating specified lanes to traffic moving in the same direction and drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of every such sign.
5. 
Drivers of vehicles proceeding in opposite directions shall pass each other to the right, and except when a roadway has been divided into traffic lanes, each driver shall give to the other at least one-half (½) of the main traveled portion of the roadway whenever possible.
F. 
All vehicles in motion upon a highway having two (2) or more lanes of traffic proceeding in the same direction shall be driven in the right-hand lane except when overtaking and passing another vehicle or when preparing to make a proper left turn or when otherwise directed by traffic markings, signs or signals.

Section 340.210 Overloaded, Etc., Vehicles — Permitting Load, Etc., to Fall on Street, Etc.

[Code 1985, §76.755; CC 1990 §14-107]
No person shall drive an overloaded vehicle or one loaded in such manner that any part of the load is likely to fall upon and litter any highway, street or alley in the City, or cause injury or grief to persons or damage to other vehicles, nor shall he/she permit any part, portion or the whole of such load to fall upon and to remain upon the highway, street or alley.

Section 340.220 Operation of Vehicles on Freshly Oiled Streets Prohibited — Signs Required.

[Code 1985, §76.820; CC 1990 §14-109]
It shall be unlawful for any person to operate a motor vehicle on any public street or thoroughfare within forty-eight (48) hours after such street or thoroughfare has been oiled; provided that, such street or thoroughfare is marked by sign or other visible designation at the time of oiling and provided further that the provisions of this Section shall not apply on any street or thoroughfare after gravel or other drying agent has been applied.

Section 340.230 Depositing Dangerous Items on Roadway.

[Code 1985, §76.825; CC 1990 §14-110]
Any person who has purposely, accidentally, or by reason of an accident, dropped from his/her person or any vehicle, any tacks, nails, wire, scrap metal, glass, crockery, sharp stones or other substances injurious to the feet of persons or animals, or to the tires or wheels of vehicles, including motor vehicles, upon any roadway shall immediately make all reasonable efforts to clear the highway of the substances.

Section 340.240 Wearing of Safety Helmet Required.

[Code 1985, §76.855; CC 1990 §14-112]
A. 
It shall be unlawful for any person to operate or occupy as a passenger any motorcycle on any street, alley or other public place in the City unless such person is equipped with and wearing a helmet which conforms with the following specifications:
1. 
The helmet shall be constructed essentially in the form of a shell around the head, and shall be constructed to absorb impact energy. The shell shall begin above the eyes, covering the forehead, and be formed over and around the top of the head above a plane level with the base of the shell covering the forehead. It may be formed around the back and sides of the head.
2. 
The shell of the helmet shall have a reasonable smooth external surface, and there shall be no external projections greater than one-eighth (⅛) inch above the outer surface thereof, except a clip for goggles or face protector where provided for in the construction.
3. 
The helmet shall be made of materials heavy enough to withstand a serious impact and made of a heavy plastic or other durable material that will not deteriorate appreciable when exposed to rain, snow, sleet, sun, cold, dust, vibrations, contact with skin or hair, or with age. The helmet shall be equipped with a harness or chin strap for maintaining its position on the wearer's head. Such helmets shall provide such protective standards as that is approved.

Section 340.250 Handicapped Persons With White Cane or Dog, Driver to Take All Necessary Precautions — Cane or Dog Not Required to Enforce Rights, When.

[Code 1985, §76.1040; CC 1990 §14-113]
The driver of a vehicle approaching a blind or visually handicapped, deaf or partially deaf person or physically disabled person who is carrying a cane predominantly white or metallic in color, with or without a red tip, or using a guide dog, hearing dog or service dog shall yield to such pedestrian, and any driver who fails to take such precautions shall be liable in damages for any injury caused such pedestrian; provided that such a pedestrian not carrying such cane or using a guide dog, hearing dog or service dog in any of the places, accommodations or conveyances listed in Section 209.150, RSMo., shall have all of the rights and privileges conferred by law upon other persons.

Section 340.260 Passing Regulations.

[Code 1985, §76.375; CC 1990 §14-181]
A. 
The following rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in the same direction, subject to the limitations and exceptions hereinafter stated:
1. 
The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle.
2. 
Except when overtaking and passing on the right is permitted, the driver of an overtaken vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle on audible signal and shall not increase the speed of his/her vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.
B. 
The driver of a motor vehicle may overtake and pass to the right of another vehicle only under the following conditions:
1. 
When the vehicle overtaken is making or about to make a left turn;
2. 
Upon a City street with unobstructed pavement of sufficient width for two (2) or more lines of vehicles in each direction;
3. 
Upon a one-way street;
C. 
The driver of a motor vehicle may overtake and pass another vehicle upon the right only under the foregoing conditions when such movement may be made in safety. In no event shall such movement be made by driving off the paved or main traveled portion of the roadway. The provisions of this Subsection shall not relieve the driver of a slow-moving vehicle from the duty to drive as closely as practicable to the right-hand edge of the roadway.
D. 
Except when a roadway has been divided into three (3) traffic lanes, no vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the centerline of a highway or public road in overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction unless such left side is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient distance ahead to permit such overtaking and passing to be completely made without interfering with the safe operation of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction or any vehicle overtaken.
E. 
No vehicle shall at any time be driven to the left side of the roadway under the following conditions:
1. 
When approaching the crest of a grade or upon a curve of the highway where the driver's view is obstructed within such distance as to create a hazard in the event another vehicle might approach from the opposite direction;
2. 
When the view is obstructed upon approaching within one hundred (100) feet of any bridge, viaduct, tunnel or when approaching within one hundred (100) feet of or at any intersection or railroad grade crossing.

Section 340.270 School Buses — Loading and Unloading, When Drivers to Stop for — Identification and Equipment — Duties of Bus Driver — Violations.

[Code 1985, §76.380; CC 1990 §14-182; Ord. No. 573, 1-11-1988]
A. 
The driver of a vehicle upon a highway upon meeting or overtaking from either direction any school bus which has stopped on the highway for the purpose of receiving or discharging any school children and whose driver has in the manner prescribed by law given the signal to stop, shall stop the vehicle before reaching such school bus and shall not proceed until such school bus resumes motion, or until signaled by its driver to proceed.
B. 
Every bus used for the transportation of school children shall bear upon the front and rear thereon a plainly visible sign containing the words "school bus" in letters not less than eight (8) inches in height. Each bus shall have lettered on the rear in plain and distinct type the following: "State Law: Stop While Bus Is Loading And Unloading." Each school bus subject to the provisions of Sections 304.050 to 304.070, RSMo., shall be equipped with a mechanical and electrical signaling device approved by the State Board of Education, which will display a signal plainly visible from the front and rear and indicating intention to stop.
C. 
The driver of a school bus in the process of loading or unloading students upon a street or highway shall activate the mechanical and electrical signaling devices, in the manner prescribed by the State Board of Education, to communicate to drivers of other vehicles that students are loading or unloading. No driver of a school bus shall take on or discharge passengers at any location upon a highway consisting of four (4) or more lanes of traffic, whether or not divided by a median or barrier, in such manner as to require the passengers to cross more than two (2) lanes of traffic; nor shall he/she take on or discharge passengers while the vehicle is upon the road or highway proper unless the vehicle so stopped is plainly visible for at least three hundred (300) feet in each direction to drivers of other vehicles upon the highway and then only for such time as is actually necessary to take on and discharge passengers.
D. 
The driver of a vehicle upon a highway with separate roadways need not stop upon meeting or overtaking a school bus which is on a different roadway, which is proceeding in the opposite direction on a highway containing four (4) or more lanes of traffic, or which is stopped in a loading zone constituting a part of, or adjacent to, a limited or controlled-access highway at a point where pedestrians are not permitted to cross the roadway.
E. 
The driver of any school bus driving upon the highways of this State after loading or unloading school children, should remain stopped if the bus is followed by three (3) or more vehicles, until such vehicles have been permitted to pass the school bus, if the conditions prevailing make it safe to do so.
F. 
If any vehicle is witnessed by a Peace Officer or the driver of a school bus to have violated the provisions of this Section and the identity of the operator is not otherwise apparent, it shall be a rebuttable presumption that the person in whose name such vehicle is registered committed the violation. Notwithstanding the provisions in Section 301.130, RSMo., every school bus shall be required to have two (2) license plates. If charges are filed against multiple owners of a motor vehicle, only one (1) of the owners may be convicted and court costs may be assessed against only one (1) of the owners. If the vehicle which is involved in the violation is registered in the name of a rental or leasing company and the vehicle is rented or leased to another person at the time of the violation, the rental or leasing company may rebut the presumption by providing the Peace Officer or prosecuting authority with a copy of the rental or lease agreement in effect at the time of the violation. No prosecuting authority may bring any legal proceedings against a rental or leasing company under this Section unless prior written notice of the violation has been given to that rental or leasing company by registered mail at the address appearing on the registration and the rental or leasing company has failed to provide the rental or lease agreement copy within fifteen (15) days of receipt of such notice.

Section 340.280 Seat Belts and Child Restraint Devices.

[Ord. No. 1144, 11-10-1997]
A. 
Except as otherwise provided in this Section, each driver and front seat passenger of a passenger car manufactured after January 1, 1968, operated on a street or highway in this City shall wear a properly adjusted and fastened safety belt that meets Federal National Highway, Transportation Act requirements, except that a child less than four (4) years of age shall be protected as required in Subsection (E) of this Section.
B. 
Each driver of a motor vehicle transporting a child four (4) years of age or more, but less than sixteen (16) years of age in a motor vehicle shall secure the child in a properly adjusted and fastened safety belt.
C. 
With respect to Subsections (A) and (B) of this Section:
1. 
No person shall be stopped, inspected or detained solely to determine compliance with Subsection (A) of this Section.
2. 
The provisions of Subsections (A) and (B) of this Section shall not be applicable to persons who have a medical reason for failing to have a seat belt fastened about his/her body or to any person employed by the United States Postal Service while performing duties for that Federal agency which requires the operator to service postal boxes from their vehicles, or which require frequent entry into and exit from their vehicles.
3. 
As used in Subsections (A) and (B) of this Section, the term "passenger car" means every motor vehicle designed for carrying ten (10) persons or less and used for the transportation of persons; except that, the term "passenger car" shall not include motorcycles, motorized bicycles, motor tricycles and trucks with a gross weight of twelve thousand (12,000) pounds or more.
D. 
Each driver who violates the provisions of Subsections (A) or (B) of this Section shall, upon conviction, be subject to a fine not to exceed ten dollars ($10.00) in amount. All other provisions of law and court rules to the contrary notwithstanding, no court costs may be imposed if court costs have been assessed on any other charge arising out of the same occurrence.
E. 
Every person transporting a child under the age of four (4) years on the streets or highways of this City shall be responsible for transporting such child in a child passenger restraint system approved by the Missouri Department of Public Safety. Any person who violates this Subsection shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than twenty-five dollars ($25.00) and court costs.

Section 340.281 Passengers in Truck Beds.

[Ord. No. 1144, 11-10-1997]
A. 
No person shall operate any truck, as defined in Section 301.010, RSMo., with a licensed gross weight of less than twelve thousand (12,000) pounds when such truck is operated within the corporate limits of this City when any person under eighteen (18) years of age is riding in the unenclosed bed of such truck. No person under eighteen (18) years of age shall ride in the unenclosed bed of such truck when the truck is in operation. Any person who operates a truck with a licensed gross weight of less than twelve thousand (12,000) pounds in violation of this Section shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than twenty-five dollars ($25.00), plus court costs. The provisions of this Section shall not apply to:
1. 
Any employee engaged in the necessary discharge of the employee's duties where it is necessary to ride in the unenclosed bed of the truck;
2. 
Any person while engaged in agricultural activities where it is necessary to ride in the unenclosed bed of the truck;
3. 
Any person riding in the unenclosed bed of a truck while such truck is being operated in a parade, caravan or exhibition which is authorized by law;
4. 
Any person riding in the unenclosed bed of a truck if such truck has installed a means of preventing such person from being discharged or such person is secured to the truck in a manner which will prevent the person from being thrown, falling or jumping from the truck;
5. 
Any person riding in the unenclosed bed of a truck if such truck is being operated solely for the purpose of participating in a special event and it is necessary that the person ride in such unenclosed bed due to a lack of available seating. "Special event" for the purposes of this Section, is a specific social activity of a definable duration which is participated in by the person riding in the unenclosed bed;
6. 
Any person riding in the unenclosed bed of a truck if such truck is being operated solely for the purposes of providing assistance to, or ensuring the safety of, other persons engaged in a recreational activity; or
7. 
Any person riding in the unenclosed bed of a truck if such truck is the only legally titled, licensed and insured vehicle owned by the family of the person riding in the unenclosed bed and there is insufficient room in the passenger cab of the truck to accommodate all passengers in such truck. For purposes of this Subsection, the term "family" shall mean any persons related within the first degree of consanguinity.

Section 340.283 Penalty.

[Ord. No. 1144, 11-10-1997]
The violation of any provisions of Sections 340.280 and 340.281 of this Chapter shall be punishable by the provisions of Section 100.110 of this Code.