Township of Franklin, PA
Chester County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents

§ 25-101 Title.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 1]
This Part shall be known as the "Franklin Township Transportation Impact Fee Ordinance."

§ 25-102 Purpose.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 2]
The purpose of this Part is to establish a Transportation Impact Fee Program to ensure that the transportation system is available and adequate to support new growth and development. To advance this objective, there is hereby created an impact fee payable to the Township at the time of building permit issuance.

§ 25-103 General Findings and Conditions.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 3]
1. 
The Board of Supervisors hereby makes the following findings:
A. 
Findings of Fact.
(1) 
Franklin Township, Chester County (the "Township"), has experienced considerable growth in recent years.
(2) 
It is anticipated that such development will continue, creating a substantial impact upon the transportation facilities within certain districts of the Township.
(3) 
The Board of Supervisors is required to keep all roads open, and usable for the safe and convenient travel by the public.
(4) 
Fulfillment of the above duty by the Board of Supervisors will entail a substantial cost directly attributable to the impact of new development.
(5) 
The Board of Supervisors is empowered by law to impose all or a portion of said cost upon new development.
(6) 
The amount of the "impact fee" to be imposed shall be determined by the cost of the additional transportation improvements needed to meet such minimum capacity standards, which public facilities shall be identified in a capital improvement program, considering the projected growth and development in the transportation district.
(7) 
The Township hereby finds and declares that an "impact fee" imposed upon residential and nonresidential development in order to assist in the financing of specified major transportation capacity improvements in designated transportation district sub-areas, the demand for which is uniquely created by such development, is in the best interest of the Township and its residents, is equitable, and does not impose an unfair burden on such development.
B. 
Conditions and Standards.
(1) 
The conditions and standards for the determination and imposition of the impact fee set forth herein are those set forth in Act 209 of 1990, December 19, 1990, P.L. 1343, No. 209, and any and all amendments thereto (hereinafter the "Act"), 53 P.S. § 10501-A et seq., and consist of:
(a) 
The recitals set forth above.
(b) 
The analysis, advice and recommendations of the Impact Fee Advisory Committee.
(c) 
The land use assumptions as adopted by the Board of Supervisors.
(d) 
The roadway sufficiency analysis as adopted by the Board of Supervisors.
(e) 
The Transportation Capital Improvements Plan, as adopted by the Board of Supervisors.
(f) 
Such other conditions and standards as the Board of Supervisors may by resolution identify from time to time as being relevant and material to the imposition of an impact fee and consistent with the provisions of the Act and any amendments thereto.
(2) 
The collection, disbursement and accounting impact fees shall be administered by the Township Secretary-Treasurer, subject to review, oversight and control by the Board of Supervisors.
(3) 
Such exemptions as the Board of Supervisors shall choose to enact shall be as set forth in § 25-111 of this Part.
(4) 
The time, method and procedure for payment of impact fees shall be as set forth in § 25-115 of this Part.
(5) 
The procedure for credits against or refunds of impact fees shall be as set forth in § 25-117 of this Part.

§ 25-104 Definitions.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 4]
The terms and definitions set forth in § 502-A of the Act, 53 P.S. § 10502-A, are hereby adopted and incorporated in this Part by reference.

§ 25-105 Imposition.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 5]
There is hereby enacted an impact fee to be imposed upon new development for the purpose of off-site transportation capital improvements authorized by the Act and as described in the program adopted by the Board of Supervisors. Said impact fee shall apply to all new developments or subdivisions within the transportation service area identified herein and shall be a condition precedent to final approval of a development or a subdivision plan or issuance of a building permit. In instances where development or improvement will cause an increase in the trip generation within the meaning of this Part, which development or improvement does not require subdivision or land development approval, the impact fee shall be determined as of the date of the issuance of a building permit for such improvements paid at the time of issuance. To the extent that an applicant proposes the construction of road improvements contained in the Transportation Capital Improvements Plan which improvement is to be performed by the applicant, the applicant shall post financial security in an amount sufficient to cover the cost of construction in a manner prescribed by the Franklin Township Subdivision Ordinance [Chapter 22].

§ 25-106 Uses.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 6]
Impact fees collected pursuant to this Part shall be expended for costs incurred for improvements attributable to new development and designated in the Transportation Capital Improvements Plan adopted by the Board of Supervisors for improvements within the transportation service area in which the new development will be located. Additionally, such fees may be used for the acquisition of land and rights-of-way, engineering, legal and planning costs, and all other costs, including debt service related to road improvements within the designated service area, and including such proportionate amount of the roadway sufficiency analysis as is allowed under the provisions of the Act.

§ 25-107 Documents Adopted by the Board of Supervisors.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 7]
1. 
The following documents, previously adopted by the Board of Supervisors, are hereby incorporated by reference in this Part:
A. 
Land use assumptions as adopted by Township Res. 2007-08.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Res. 2007-08 is on file in the Township offices.
B. 
Roadway sufficiency analysis as adopted by Township Res. 2007-19.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: Res. 2007-19 is on file in the Township offices.
C. 
The Transportation Capital Improvements Plan as adopted by Township Res. 2008-10.[3]
[3]
Editor's Note: Res. 2008-10 is on file in the Township offices.
D. 
Designation of a transportation district East and West as set forth on the Transportation Service Area Map identified as Exhibit 25-A and incorporated herein by reference.

§ 25-108 Special Traffic Studies.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 8]
As outlined in § 505-A (h), 53 P.S. § 10505-A(h), developments generating more than 1,000 new peak hour trips, net pass by, must complete a traffic analysis, reviewed and approved by the Township to determine if additional impact fees are required. Any such studies required by the Township shall be submitted prior to the imposition of the impact fee and shall be considered in the determination of the fee.

§ 25-109 Applicability of Impact Fee.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 9]
This Part shall be uniformly applicable to all development that occurs within the Transportation Service Area.

§ 25-110 Imposition of Impact Fee.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 10]
No building permit shall be issued for a development in the designated transportation area, as herein defined, unless the applicant therefore has paid the "impact fee" imposed by and calculated pursuant to this Part.

§ 25-111 Exemptions.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 11]
(Reserved)

§ 25-112 Calculation of Impact Fees.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 12]
1. 
The impact fee for transportation capital improvements shall be based upon the total costs of the road improvements included in the adopted Transportation Capital Improvements Plan within the given transportation service area attributable to and necessitated by new development within the service area as defined, divided by the number of anticipated peak-hour trips generated by all new development consistent with the adopted land use assumptions and calculated in accordance with Trip Generation published by the Institute of Transportation Engineers (current edition) which is hereby adopted by the Township, to equal a per-trip cost for transportation improvements within the service area.
2. 
The specific impact fee for a specific new development or subdivision within the transportation service area for road improvements shall be determined as of the date of preliminary land development or subdivision approval by multiplying the per-trip cost established for the service area, as determined Exhibit 25-B and incorporated herein by reference, by the estimated number of trips to be generated by the new development or subdivision using generally accepted traffic engineering standards.
3. 
The Board of Supervisors may authorize or require the preparation of a special transportation study in order to determine traffic generation or circulation for nonresidential developments to assist in the determination of the amount of the transportation fee for such development or subdivision.

§ 25-113 Establishment of Transportation Service Areas.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 13]
The transportation service area is established as shown on the "Transportation Service Area Map" (attached hereto as Exhibit 25-A and incorporated herein by reference).

§ 25-114 Nonbinding Impact Fee Estimate.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 14]
Prior to making an application for a building permit, an applicant may request a nonbinding impact fee estimate from the Township, which shall be based upon the maximum development potential of the site pursuant to existing zoning regulations, unless the applicant specifies a lesser use of development. The applicant will reimburse the Township for the cost of preparing the estimate.

§ 25-115 Administration of Impact Fees.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 15]
1. 
Collection of Impact Fee. Impact fees due pursuant to this Part shall be collected by the Township in the manner or manners prescribed herein prior to the issuance of a building permit.
2. 
Establishment of Fund. Upon receipt of impact fees, the Township Secretary-Treasurer shall be responsible for the separate and proper accounting of such fees. All such fees shall be deposited in interest-bearing accounts in a bank authorized to receive deposits of the Township funds. Interest earned by each account shall be credited to that account and shall be used solely for the purpose specified for funds of such account.
3. 
Establishment and Maintenance of Accounts. The Township Secretary-Treasurer shall establish appropriate trust fund accounts and shall maintain records.
4. 
Maintenance of Records. The Township Secretary-Treasurer shall maintain and keep adequate financial records for each such account which shall show the source and disbursement of all revenues, which shall account for all monies received, and which shall ensure that the disbursement of funds from each account shall be used solely and exclusively for the provision of projects specified in the program for the particular transportation district sub-area.

§ 25-116 Method of Payment.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 16]
Payment of the transportation capital improvements impact fee shall be made by the traffic generator prior to the issuance of a building permit by the Township to the traffic generator for development on the applicable site.

§ 25-117 Credit.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 17]
1. 
Any applicant who shall perform, at his own expense and with the consent and agreement of the Board of Supervisors, off-site improvements, as herein defined, shall be eligible for a credit from the impact fee otherwise due in the amount of the actual cost of such off-site improvements as approved by the Township Engineer. Such credit shall not exceed the amount of the impact fee.
A. 
If the applicant makes such improvements, he must enter into an agreement with the Board of Supervisors prior to the issuance of any building permit. The agreement must establish the estimated cost of the improvement, the schedule for initiation and completion of the improvement, a requirement that the improvement be completed to Township and Pennsylvania Department of Transportation standards and design criteria and such other terms and conditions as deemed necessary by the Board of Supervisors. The Board of Supervisors must review the improvement plan, verify costs and time schedules, determine if the improvement is an eligible improvement, and determine the amount of the applicable credit for such improvement to be applied to the otherwise applicable impact fee prior to issuance of any building permit. In no event shall the Board of Supervisors provide a credit which is greater than the applicable impact fee. Provided, any such applicant shall be required to supply financial security sufficient, in the judgment of the Township, to cover the cost of any such improvement installed by the applicant for which credit is sought.
B. 
An applicant shall be entitled as a credit against impact fees an amount equal to the value of any road improvement construction which is contained in the Transportation Capital Improvements Plan and which was performed at the applicant's expense.

§ 25-118 Refunds.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 18]
1. 
Impact fees collected pursuant to this Part shall be refunded, together with interest earned thereon, to the payer of the fees under the following circumstances:
A. 
In the event the Township completes or terminates the capital improvements plan and there remain undisbursed funds, the respective payers shall be entitled to a share of the fund balance in the same proportion as the payer's impact fee payment plus interest earned bears to the total impact fees collected plus interest.
B. 
In the event any specific road improvement project is completed at a cost to the Township less than 95% of the budgeted cost of the road project, the Township shall refund an amount equal to the excess budgeted cost over actual cost to the payers, pro rata, plus accumulated interest.
C. 
In the event the Township fails to commence construction within three years of the scheduled construction date of the project as set forth in the Transportation Capital Improvements Plan, the Township shall refund the portion of the fee paid by any payer making written request thereof which is attributable to said project, with accumulated interest, provided no refund shall be paid with respect to any project actually begun prior to the receipt of such refund request.
D. 
In the event the development for which impact fees were paid has not commenced prior to the expiration of the building permit issued therefore, the impact fees paid with accumulated interest shall be refunded to the payer. Further, if a building permit after issuance is altered in such a way as to reduce the indicated impact fee, the difference between the amount indicated and the amount actually paid shall be refunded. The payer, at his option, may roll over the impact fees attributable to an expired building permit to cover fees incurred by a renewal of said expired permit.
2. 
With respect to refunds arising out of Subsection 1A or B hereof, any funds unclaimed within one year after notice as required by law shall be transferred to the general account of the Township, and the payer's entitlement to said refund shall lapse. It is the responsibility of the payer to provide the Township with the current address of his place of business.

§ 25-119 Effect of Impact Fee on Zoning, PRD and Subdivision Regulations.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 19]
This Part shall not affect, in any manner, the permissible use of property, density of development, previously adopted design and improvement standards and requirements or any other aspect of the development of land or provision of public improvements which remain subject to applicable zoning, subdivision and PRD regulations of the Township, which shall be operative and remain in full force and effect without limitation with respect to all such development.

§ 25-120 Impact Fee as Additional and Supplemental Requirement.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 20]
The impact fee is additional and supplemental to, and not in substitution of, any other requirements imposed by the Township on the development of land or the issuance of building permits. Nothing herein contained shall be deemed to alter or affect the Township's existing ordinances and regulations regarding on-site improvements. In no event shall a property owner be obligated to pay for transportation capital improvements in an amount in excess of the amount calculated pursuant to this Part; provided, however, that a property owner may be required to pay; pursuant to Township ordinances, regulations or policies, for other public facilities in addition to the impact fee for transportation improvements as subdivided herein.

§ 25-121 Liberal Construction.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 21]
The provisions of this Part shall be liberally construed to effectively carry out its purposes which are hereby found and declared to be in furtherance of the public health, safety, welfare and convenience.

§ 25-122 Applicability of Previous Impact Fee Ordinance.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 22]
Franklin Township previously adopted Ord. 91-04, 11/21/1991,[1] enacted in accordance with the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code, 53 P.S. 10504(A) et seq., establishing traffic impact fees to be applied to applications for subdivision, land development and PRD. The fees established by Ord. 91-04 are not repealed and remain in effect. The impact fees set forth in Ord. 91-04 shall apply to all pending applications that may not be subject to the impact fee provisions of this Part.
[1]
Editor's Note: Ord. 91-04, 11/21/1991, is on file in the Township offices.

§ 25-123 Effective Date.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 24]
This Part shall take effect immediately upon its passage.

§ 25-124 Retroactive Application.

[Ord. 2008-02, 9/17/2008, § 25]
1. 
Notwithstanding § 25-123 hereof, impact fees may be imposed on those projects involving developments, subdivisions and PRD's for which an application has been filed on or after the first publication of notice of the Township's intent to adopt this Part; provided, however, that such retroactivity does not exceed 18 months after the adoption of the resolution that created the advisory committee in connection herewith.
2. 
In retroactive applications, the per-trip fee may not exceed $1,000 or the actual calculated fee, whichever is less.