City of Rochester, NY
Monroe County
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Rochester City Council 11-25-1941. Amendments noted where applicable.]

§ 47-1 (Reserved) [1]

[1]:
Editor's Note: Former § 47-1, Squawkers, was repealed 11-10-1987 by Ord. No. 87-370.

§ 47-2 Darts, arrows and pointed instruments.

[Amended 6-22-1954; 10-13-1987 by Ord. No. 87-347]
No person shall sell, offer for sale, keep for sale, give, loan or lease to any person under 18 years of age any metal-tipped arrow or sharp pointed wooden or plastic arrow, or any sharp pointed wooden, plastic or metal instrument or weapon, so weighted and constructed as to be capable of being thrown or hurled to strike a person or object with its sharpest point, commonly known as a "dart"; or any sword, machete or knife other than a folding pocketknife with no blade more than three inches in length; nor shall any person under 18 years of age possess any such object. The provisions of this section shall not apply to the use of bows and arrows and darts in supervised recreation programs and on archery ranges.

§ 47-3 (Reserved) [1]

[1]:
Editor's Note: Former § 47-3, Writing implements made of glass, was repealed 11-10-1987 by Ord. No. 87-370.

§ 47-4 Storage and display of firearms, ammunition and explosives. [1]

[Added 9-24-1996 by Ord. No. 96-297]
A. 
Purpose and intent. The Council finds that it is necessary to regulate the commercial storage, possession and display of firearms, ammunition or explosives pursuant to § 139-d of the General Municipal Law in order to provide for the public health, safety and welfare of all persons in the City of Rochester. The Council finds that the location of such activities close to residential uses is not compatible with residential uses and can pose a danger to residents through fire or explosion or as a result of burglaries at such locations. The Council therefore intends to regulate the location of such activities and to place additional regulations upon those activities in order to assure that such activities arc conducted in a safe manner. The restrictions found herein shall be in addition to restrictions found in Chapter 120 of the Municipal Code, Zoning Code, and whichever regulations are more restrictive shall be applicable to any potential location where such activities are to be conducted.
[Amended 11-19-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-354]
B. 
Location. The storage, possession or display of firearms, ammunition or explosives within a building occupied by a residential use, or within a building located within 100 feet of any residential use, which distance shall be measured from the closest point of the building, or portion thereof, used for the storage, possession or display of firearms, ammunition or explosives to the nearest point of the lot line of the property with a residential use, is hereby prohibited.
C. 
Standards of design, construction and maintenance of buildings and structures in which firearms, ammunition or explosives are stored.
(1) 
Perimeter doorways. All perimeter doorways shall meet one of the following:
(a) 
A windowless steel security door equipped with a high-security cylinder lock;
(b) 
A windowed metal door that is equipped with a high-security cylinder lock. If the window has an opening of five inches or more measured in any direction, the window shall be covered with steel bars of at least one-half-inch diameter no further than six inches apart, or metal grating of at least nine gauge which has no spaces larger than six inches wide measured in any direction, affixed to the exterior or interior of the door; or
(c) 
A metal grate or a metal folding scissors gate of at least nine gauge which has no spaces larger than six inches wide measured in any direction that is padlocked and affixed to the premises independent of the door and doorframe when the premises is not open for business.
(2) 
Windows. All windows shall be covered with steel bars of a least one-half-inch diameter no further than six inches apart; or metal grating of at least nine gauge which has no spaces larger than six inches wide measured in any direction, affixed to the exterior or interior of the window frame; or a metal grate or a metal folding scissors gate of at least nine gauge which has no spaces larger than six inches wide measured in any direction that is padlocked and affixed to the premises independent of the door and doorframe when the premises is not open for business.
(3) 
Heating, ventilating, air-conditioning and service openings. All heating, ventilating, air-conditioning and service openings shall be secured with steel bars, metal grating or an alarm system.
(4) 
Alarm systems. Any building or structure used for the storage, possession and display of firearms, ammunition or explosives shall be protected by an alarm system which, when activated, directly notifies either a security guard on duty at the location, the Emergency Communications Center (through a designated line other than 911), an answering service or a central station, of a fire or smoke or intrusion or attempted intrusion into the premises. If an answering service or central station is used, the answering service or central station shall provide the service of receiving on a continuous basis through trained employees, emergency signals from the alarm systems and, thereafter, immediately relaying the message by live voice to 911.
D. 
Visibility of interior to be maintained at all times. The interior of any building or structure used for the storage, possession and display of firearms, ammunition or explosives shall be visible through any windows at all times when open for business, and no drapes or blinds should be used that would block the view of police or passersby who might observe unusual activity within the premises. The exterior of the premises shall be illuminated at night and during the hours when business is not conducted within.
E. 
Combustible materials. Combustible materials shall not be stored in any building or structure or that portion thereof used for the storage, possession and display of firearms, ammunition or explosives.
F. 
Fire-extinguishing equipment. Fully operable listed fire-extinguishing equipment shall be maintained in any building or structure used for the storage, possession and display of firearms, ammunition or explosives and made easily accessible.
G. 
Smoking and open flames prohibited. Smoking, matches, spark-producing devices and open flames shall be prohibited in any building or structure or that portion thereof used for the storage, possession and display of firearms, ammunition or explosives.
H. 
Standards of security for storage of firearms, ammunition or explosives.
(1) 
Storage of ammunition and explosives. All ammunition and explosives shall be stored in compliance with 9 NYCRR 1176 et seq. and 12 NYCRR 39 et seq. Further, all ammunition when being displayed shall be kept in locked cases or behind the counter in an area not accessible to the public.
(2) 
Storage of firearms when open for business.
(a) 
No firearms shall be stored, exhibited or displayed in windows of the premises.
(b) 
Firearms storage or inventory areas shall be physically separated from counter and display areas and access to these areas shall be carefully controlled.
(c) 
All firearm display cases shall be kept locked and secured at all times and not readily accessible to the public. All keys to such display cases shall not leave the control of authorized personnel.
(d) 
Trigger locks which disable firearms and prevent them from functioning must be locked to each firearm at all times, or the firearms must be secured in a locked case or be otherwise locked, or the firearms must be dispensed in an area behind the counter that is not accessible to the public. These requirements shall not apply to a firearm being shown to a customer, being repaired, or otherwise being worked on.
(3) 
Storage of firearms when not open for business. When not open for business, all firearms shall be stored in accordance with one of the following:
(a) 
All firearms shall be stored in a locked fireproof safe or vault located in the business premises;
(b) 
All firearms must be secured by a hardened steel rod or cable of at least 1/8 inch in diameter through the trigger guard of the firearm. The steel cord or cable shall be secured with a hardened steel lock that has a shackle. The lock and shackle shall be protected or shielded from the use of a bolt cutter and the rod or cable shall be anchored in a manner that prevents the ready removal of the firearms from the premises; or
(c) 
All firearms shall be secured in a manner that prevents the ready removal of the firearms from the premises, as approved by the Chief of Police or the Chief's designee.
I. 
The regulations provided for herein shall not apply to the personal possession, use or ownership of firearms or ammunition therefor.
[1]:
Editor's Note: Former § 47-4, Sale or gift of dangerous weapons, was repealed 3-16-1993 by Ord. No. 93-62.

§ 47-5 Firearms, shotguns, rifles and other dangerous weapons. [1]

[Amended 9-11-1951; 1-11-1955; 5-10-1960; 1-27-1970 by Ord. No. 70-36; 5-28-1974 by Ord. No. 74-180; 5-27-1986 by Ord. No. 86-163; 3-16-1993 by Ord. No. 93-62]
A. 
Purpose and intent. The Council finds that violent crime is a serious problem in the City and firearms and other dangerous weapons are frequently used in the commission of crimes, particularly homicides and assaults. The possession of such weapons also often leads to accidental deaths and injuries. The possession and use of assault weapons and ammunition feeding devices for criminal purposes is increasing and poses a serious danger to public safety. The use of weapons by persons under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol can readily lead to serious injury or death. The possession of weapons in public facilities and places also poses a serious danger to public safety. The possession of toy or imitation weapons which substantially duplicate actual weapons poses a danger to the person possessing the weapon and to others. In order to promote and protect the health, safety and welfare of the public, the Council finds it necessary to place restrictions upon the possession and use of such weapons. The restrictions imposed by this section are intended to be in addition to restrictions found in state law and are not intended to conflict with state law provisions.
B. 
As used in this section, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
AIR GUN
Any pistol, revolver, rifle or shotgun which fires projectiles by means of a spring or compressed air or other gas, instead of an explosive.
[Amended 12-15-2009 by Ord. No. 2009-410[2]]
AMMUNITION
Explosives suitable to be fired from a firearm, machine gun, pistol, revolver, rifle, shotgun, assault weapon or other dangerous weapon.
AMMUNITION FEEDING DEVICE
Magazines, belts, feedstrips, drums or clips capable of being attached to or utilized with any center-fire rifle, shotgun or pistol which employs the force of the expanding gases from a discharging cartridge to chamber a fresh round after each single pull of the trigger which, in the case of a rifle or shotgun holds in excess of five cartridges, or in the case of a pistol holds in excess of 17 cartridges.
(1) 
Any center-fire rifle or shotgun which employs the force of the expanding gases from a discharging cartridge to chamber a fresh round after each single pull of the trigger, and which is loaded or capable of being loaded with a combination of more than six cartridges in the ammunition feeding device and chamber combined. For the purposes of this section, a weapon is capable of being loaded if it is possessed by one who, at the same time, possesses:
(a) 
In the case of a rifle, a fixed or detachable ammunition feeding device which is attached to or utilized with or capable of being attached to or utilized with such rifle and which has a capacity of more than five cartridges; or
(b) 
In the case of a shotgun, an ammunition feeding device which is attached to or utilized with or capable of being attached to or utilized with such shotgun and which has a capacity of more than five cartridges.
(2) 
A center-fire rifle or shotgun which employs the force of expanding gases from a discharging cartridge to chamber a fresh round after each single pull of the trigger, and which has:
(a) 
A flash suppressor attached to the weapon reducing muzzle flash;
(b) 
A grenade launcher;
(c) 
A sighting device making a target visible at night;
(d) 
A barrel jacket surrounding all or a portion of the barrel to dissipate heat therefrom; or
(e) 
A multi-burst trigger activator.
(3) 
Any stockless pistol grip shotgun.
(4) 
The following weapons manufactured prior to the effective date of this section. [NOTE: This section was found unconstitutional by the Honorable Charles J. Siragusa, Supreme Court Justice, Monroe County, in Citizens for a Safer Community v. City of Rochester, Index No. 93-08421.]
(5) 
For purposes of this section, the term "assault weapon" shall not include any of the following:
(a) 
Any weapon which has been modified to render it permanently inoperable or permanently make it a device no longer defined as an "assault weapon";
(b) 
Weapons that do not use cartridges or shells;
(c) 
Manually operated bolt-action weapons, lever-action weapons, slide-action weapons or single-shot weapons;
(d) 
Multiple-barrel weapons, revolving-cylinder weapons except shotguns, weapons that use exclusively a rotary Mannlicher-style magazine; or
(e) 
Any antique firearm as defined in § 265.00 of the New York State Penal Law or any curio or relic as defined under United States law which is possessed by a licensed collector in accordance with United States Law.
DISPOSE OF
To dispose of, give away, give, lease, loan, keep for sale, offer, offer for sale, sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of.
DRUG
Any substance listed in § 3306 of the Public Health Law of the State of New York.
DWELLING
As defined in Chapter 120 of the Municipal Code, Zoning Code.
[Amended 11-19-2002 by Ord. No. 2002-354]
FIREARM
Any pistol or revolver; or a shotgun having one or more barrels less than 18 inches in length or any weapon made from a shotgun (whether by alteration, modification or otherwise) if such weapon as modified has an overall length of less than 26 inches; or a rifle having one or more barrels less than 16 inches in length or any weapon made from a rifle (whether by alteration, modification or otherwise) if such weapon as modified has an overall length of less than 26 inches. For purposes of this definition, the length of the barrel on a shotgun or rifle shall be determined by measuring the distance between the muzzle and the face of the bolt, breech or breechlock when closed and when the shotgun or rifle is cocked; the overall length of a weapon made from a shotgun or rifle is the distance between the extreme ends of the weapon measured along a line parallel to the center line of the bore. Such definition, except as otherwise indicated, shall include both loaded and unloaded firearms, except that it shall not include any antique firearm as defined in federal or New York State law or any curio or relic as defined under United States law which is possessed by a licensed collector in accordance with United States law.
PARK
As defined in § 79-1 of the Municipal Code.
POSSESS
Have physical possession or otherwise to exercise dominion or control over. The presence in an automobile of any firearm, rifle or shotgun which is openly visible is presumptive evidence of its possession by all persons occupying such automobile at the time such firearm, rifle or shotgun is found, except if such firearm, rifle or shotgun is found in a vehicle for hire.
PUBLIC FACILITY
Any building or facility owned, leased, operated or controlled by or on behalf of any government, municipality or public authority or corporation within the boundaries of the City, except buildings or facilities used for educational purposes.
PUBLIC PLACE
Any street, including the sidewalk portion thereof, park, playground, recreation area, cemetery or lot owned, leased, operated or controlled by or on behalf of any government, municipality or public authority or corporation within the boundaries of the City, which is generally accessible to the public, except grounds used for educational purposes.
RIFLE
A weapon designed or redesigned, made or remade and intended to be fired from the shoulder and designed or redesigned and made or remade to use the energy of the explosive in a fixed metallic cartridge to fire only a single projectile through a rifled bore for each single pull of the trigger.
SHOTGUN
A weapon designed or redesigned, made or remade and intended to be fired from the shoulder and designed or redesigned and made or remade to use the energy of the explosive in a fixed shotgun shell to fire through a smooth bore either a number of ball shot or a single projectile for each single pull of the trigger.
[2]:
Editor's Note: This ordinance provided an effective date of 1-11-2010.
C. 
No person shall possess a loaded or unloaded firearm, rifle, shotgun or air gun, or a dagger, dangerous knife, dirk, razor or stiletto, in a public place or public facility in the City. This prohibition shall not apply to:
(1) 
A police officer or peace officer authorized to possess the same;
(2) 
A government employee or licensed security guard authorized or required by employment or office to possess the same while acting within the scope of such employment;
(3) 
A person in the military service of the State of New York or the United States when duly authorized to possess the same;
(4) 
A person transporting a rifle or shotgun in a motor vehicle in the City in accordance with the provisions of § 11-0931, Subdivision 2, of the New York State Environmental Conservation Law, or otherwise transporting an unloaded rifle, shotgun or air gun in the City, provided that the same is completely enclosed or contained in a nontransparent carrying case and either:
(a) 
Said carrying case is locked; or
(b) 
A locking device is attached to the weapon and locked in a manner so as to prevent the weapon from being fired;
(5) 
An authorized person who, for the purpose of shooting practice, possesses a weapon at an established target range in a public place other than a park or public facility;
(6) 
A person voluntarily surrendering the same in accordance with the provisions of § 265.20 of the Penal Law; or
(7) 
Possession of a firearm by a person licensed to carry a firearm pursuant to § 400.00 of the Penal Law or possession or transportation by a gunsmith or dealer in firearms in accordance with a license issued by the State of New York or the United States, except that this subsection shall not apply in a park or a public facility other than a parking garage.
D. 
No person shall store a firearm, rifle, shotgun or air gun in a dwelling in the City unless said firearm, rifle, shotgun or air gun is completely enclosed or contained in a nontransparent locked carrying case or in a locked gun rack, cabinet, closet or safe, or a locking device is attached to the weapon and locked in a manner so as to prevent the weapon from being fired. This requirement shall not apply to a rifle, shotgun or licensed firearm carried on the body of the owner or within such close proximity of the owner that the owner can retrieve it as quickly and easily as if it were carried on the owner's body.
E. 
No person shall dispose of any firearm, rifle, shotgun, air gun or ammunition in the City. This prohibition shall not apply to:
(1) 
A gunsmith or dealer in firearms duly licensed by the State of New York or the United States;
(2) 
A person disposing of the same to a gunsmith or dealer in firearms duly licensed by the State of New York or the United States;
(3) 
A person voluntarily surrendering the same in accordance with the provisions of § 265.20 of the Penal Law;
(4) 
A person disposing of a licensed firearm in accordance with law;
(5) 
Disposition by intestate or testamentary bequest; or
(6) 
A person disposing of a rifle, shotgun, air gun or ammunition to a family member.
F. 
No person shall possess an assault weapon or an ammunition feeding device in the City. This prohibition shall not apply to:
(1) 
A police officer or peace officer authorized to possess the same;
(2) 
A person in the military service of the State of New York or the United States when duly authorized to possess the same;
(3) 
A person voluntarily surrendering the same in accordance with the provisions of § 265.20 of the Penal Law; or
(4) 
A gunsmith or dealer in firearms duly licensed by the State of New York or the United States for weapons to be used by police officers or persons in the military service or for delivery outside of the City.
G. 
No person shall dispose of an assault weapon or ammunition feeding device in the City. This prohibition shall not apply to:
(1) 
A person voluntarily surrendering the same in accordance with the provisions of § 265.20 of the Penal Law; or
(2) 
A gunsmith or dealer in firearms duly licensed by the State of New York or the United States for weapons to be used by police officers or persons in the military service or for delivery outside of the City.
H. 
No person shall carry a firearm, shotgun, rifle or air gun in the City while such person has 1/10 of 1% or more by weight of alcohol in the person's blood as shown by chemical analysis of the person's blood, breath, urine or saliva.
I. 
No person shall carry a firearm, shotgun, rifle or air gun in the City while in an intoxicated condition.
J. 
No person shall carry a firearm, shotgun, rifle or air gun in the City while the person's ability to safely carry such weapon is impaired by the use of a drug.
K. 
Any person who carries a firearm, shotgun, rifle or air gun in this City shall be deemed to have given consent to a breath test and a chemical test of the person's breath, blood, urine or saliva for the purpose of determining the alcoholic or drug content of the person's blood, provided that any test is administered at the direction of a police officer having reasonable grounds therefor. A chemical test must be administered within two hours after such person has been placed under arrest for a violation of this section or any other law or ordinance involving the use or possession of a firearm, rifle, shotgun or air gun, or within two hours after a breath test indicates that alcohol has been consumed by such person. Upon the trial of any action arising out of an arrest for a violation of Subsection H, I or J of this section, the court shall admit evidence of the amount of alcohol or drugs in the blood of the person carrying the firearm, shotgun, rifle or air gun as shown by a test administered pursuant to this section. Evidence of a refusal to submit to a chemical test shall be admissible in any trial, proceeding or hearing based upon a violation of such subsections, but only upon a showing that the person was given sufficient warning, in clear and unequivocal language, of the effect of such refusal and the person persisted in such refusal.
L. 
[NOTE: This section was found unconstitutional by the Honorable Charles J. Siragusa, Supreme Court Justice, Monroe County, in Citizens for a Safer Community v. City of Rochester, Index No. 93-08421.]
M. 
Discharge of weapons; permits.
(1) 
No person shall discharge an air gun, shotgun, rifle, assault weapon, machine gun, submachine gun or a firearm of any kind or description in the City, except police officers, peace officers, members of the military and persons holding permits as in this subsection provided.
(2) 
The Chief of Police is hereby authorized to grant permits for the discharge of shotguns at clay pigeons at any particular location or for the discharge of weapons at target ranges subject to such restrictions and conditions as the Chief may deem necessary. Any person holding such a permit shall obey all the restrictions and conditions contained herein.
N. 
The owner of a firearm, shotgun, rifle, assault weapon, machine gun or submachine gun, which becomes lost or stolen, shall report the loss or theft to the Rochester Police Department within 24 hours after the loss or theft is discovered or reasonably should be discovered. The owner of such a weapon shall store the weapon in a safe and secure manner as required in Subsection D of this section and shall check such weapon at least once each week, or immediately upon returning to the City if the owner is absent from the City for more than one week. Failure to perform such a check shall not be a defense to a prosecution for a violation of this subsection.
[Added 9-15-1998 by Ord. No. 98-345[3]]
[3]:
Editor's Note: This ordinance also relettered former Subsections N and O as Subsections O and P.
O. 
Notwithstanding the penalties contained in § 47-8, a violation of any provision of this section shall be punishable by a fine not to exceed $1,000 or by imprisonment not to exceed 180 days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
P. 
The provisions of this section are severable, and if any of its provisions shall be held unconstitutional or invalid, the decision of the court shall not affect or impair any of the remaining provisions of the same. It is hereby declared to be the intention of the Council that this section would have been adopted had such unconstitutional or invalid provision not been included herein. If any term or provision of this section shall be declared unconstitutional, invalid or ineffective in whole, or in part, by a court of competent jurisdiction, then to the extent that it is not constitutional, invalid or ineffective, such term or provision shall be in force and effect, nor shall such determination be deemed to invalidate the remaining terms or provisions thereof.
[1]:
Editor's Note: For additional provisions relating to firearms, see Ch. 43, Cemeteries, § 43-11, and Ch. 79, Parks, § 79-5.

§ 47-6 (Reserved) [1]

[1]:
Editor's Note: Former Subsection A of § 47-6, Barbed wire, as amended, was redesignated as § 39-307D and former Subsection B was deleted 4-15-1997 by Ord. No. 97-133.

§ 47-7 Discarded refrigerators and other containers.

[Added 9-8-1953]
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to leave outside of any building or dwelling in a place accessible to children any abandoned, unattended or discarded icebox, refrigerator or any other container of any kind which has an airtight door or lock which may not be released for opening from inside of said icebox, refrigerator or container. It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to leave outside of any building or dwelling in a place accessible to children any abandoned, unattended or discarded icebox, refrigerator or any other container of any kind which has an airtight snap-lock or other device thereon without first removing the said snap-lock or doors from said icebox, refrigerator or container.

§ 47-8 Penalties.

[Amended 7-22-1969 by Ord. No. 69-329]
Any person or corporation violating any of the provisions of this chapter shall, upon conviction be punishable by a fine not exceeding $150, or by imprisonment not exceeding 15 days, or by both such fine and imprisonment, or by a penalty of not less than $5 nor more than $500 to be recovered by the City of Rochester in a civil action.