City of Trenton, NJ
Mercer County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the City Council of the City of Trenton 9-7-1967 as §§ 9-1 and 9-2 of the Revised General Ordinances. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Air pollution — See Ch. 6.
Removal of dog waste — See Ch. 21, Art. II.
Keeping of birds and animals — See Ch. 21, Art. III.
Brush, grass and weeds — See Ch. 38.
Dry-cleaning and laundry facilities — See Ch. 68.
Food handling— See Ch. 113.
Slaughterhouses — See Ch. 237.
Swimming pools — See Ch. 268.

§ 171-1 Definition.

As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
FOOD
Natural or prepared food, beverages and all other items intended for human consumption.
OWNER
Any person having any interest, legal or equitable, either alone or in combination with others, in any premises.
PERSON IN CONTROL OF PREMISES
Any person responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of any premises or any person actually exercising control over any premises, whether as tenant, lessee or occupant, or as agent of any of them or as agent of an owner or otherwise.
PREMISES
Any building, structure, lot of land or part thereof.

§ 171-2 Notice to abate nuisance.

A. 
Whenever anything declared by this Code to be a nuisance or any unsanitary or unhealthy condition is found on any premises within the City of Trenton, notice shall be given to the owner or person in control of the premises to remove or abate it within the time specified but not less than twenty-four hours from the date of service.
[Amended 10-21-2010 by Ord. No. 10-46]
B. 
Whenever anything declared by this chapter to be a nuisance or any unsanitary or unhealthy condition is found on any public property or on any highway or other public premises or place, notice shall be given to the person in charge to remove or abate the same within the time specified.

§ 171-3 Abatement by Health Officer.

If the owner or person in control of the premises upon being notified as provided by § 171-2 does not comply with the notice within the time specified and fails to remove or abate the nuisance or condition, the Health Officer or his/her agents or employees shall proceed to abate the nuisance or condition or may cause it to be removed or abated in a summary manner by such means as shall be deemed proper.

§ 171-4 Recovery of costs.

Whenever any cost or expense is incurred by the City of Trenton as a result of the Health Officer, his/her agents or employees abating or removing or causing to be abated or removed any nuisance or unsanitary or unhealthy condition, such costs and expenses may be recovered in the following manner:
A. 
In all cases where permitted by law, such costs may be certified to the Division of Taxation and shall be a part of the taxes next assessed upon the premises upon which the nuisance or unsanitary or unhealthy condition was located.
B. 
Where the City is not permitted by law to proceed under Subsection A, the cost or expense shall be recovered by an action at law in any court of competent jurisdiction, which action shall be instituted by the Health Officer in the name of the City.
C. 
Regardless of how costs are actually recovered, they shall be in addition to and shall not affect the imposition of any penalties for the violation of this chapter.

§ 171-5 Manner of giving notice.

Notice required by the provisions of this chapter shall be in writing and shall be given to all of the persons affected by it. Notice shall be served personally upon the person affected or by leaving a copy at his/her usual or last known place of abode or by mailing it to him/her at his/her usual or last known place of abode. Where the notice relates to any premises, a duplicate of it shall be left with one or more of the tenants or occupants. If the owner of the premises in question cannot be notified speedily, notice may be given by leaving it with one of the tenants or occupants or by posting it in a conspicuous place on the premises.

§ 171-6 Emergency powers.

Whenever the Health Officer finds that the public safety will not permit delay, (s)he may exercise one or more of the following powers without having to resort to legal proceedings:
A. 
Power to prevent the sale of food. The Health Officer may prohibit the importation into the City or sale of any food, drink or other item intended for human consumption or use from a source suspected of being infected, contaminated, unsanitary, unhealthy or dangerous.
B. 
Power to seize and destroy unwholesome food. The Health Officer may order the seizure and destruction of any unstamped meat and of any food, drink or other item intended for human consumption which is unwholesome or dangerous or likely to cause sickness or injury to persons who consume it.
C. 
Suspension of licenses. The Health Officer may suspend temporarily the license of any person required to be licensed by any of the provisions of this chapter if (s)he finds that the licensed activity is being conducted in such a manner as to endanger the health or safety of the public.

§ 171-7 Inspection of premises.

The Health Officer, his/her agents and employees shall have the right to inspect any premises in the City of Trenton if they have reason to believe that any provision of this chapter is being violated. Any person who hinders, obstructs, resists, delays or prevents the Health Officer or any of his/her agents or employees from having full access to any premises shall be guilty of a violation of this chapter.

§ 171-8 Search warrant.

In addition to any penalties imposed for the violation of § 171-7, the Health Officer may apply to the Judge of the City of Trenton for a search warrant. The application shall be based upon an affidavit setting forth the conditions and circumstances that provide a reasonable basis for believing that a nuisance or unsanitary or unhealthy condition exists on the premises. If the Judge is satisfied as to the matters set forth in the affidavit, (s)he shall authorize the issuance of a search warrant permitting access to and inspection of that part of the premises on which the nuisance or unsanitary or unhealthy condition may exist.

§ 171-9 Rules and regulations.

The Health Officer shall have the power to make whatever written rules and regulations (s)he may decide are necessary for the proper administration and enforcement of this chapter, but no rule or regulation shall conflict with or in any way alter, amend or supersede any of the provisions of this chapter.

§ 171-10 General enforcement powers.

The Health Officer shall enforce the provisions of this chapter and of any other ordinance provision of the City of Trenton concerning health and sanitation, including but not limited to the Plumbing Code.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 42, Building Construction.

§ 171-11 Nuisances defined and prohibited.

The following matters, things, conditions or acts and each of them are hereby declared to be a nuisance and injurious to the health of the inhabitants of this municipality:
A. 
Any matter, thing, condition or act which is or may become detrimental or a menace to the health of the inhabitants of this municipality.
B. 
Any matter, thing, condition or act which is or may become an annoyance or interfere with the comfort or general well being of the inhabitants of this municipality.
C. 
Pollution, or existence of a condition or conditions which cause or threaten pollution, of any waters in this municipality in such manner as to cause or threaten injury to any of the inhabitants of this municipality either in their health, comfort or property.
D. 
The existence or presence of any accumulation of garbage, refuse, manure or animal or vegetable matter which may cause flies or other insects, vermin or rodents to have access or breed or exist.
E. 
The existence or presence of any water or other liquid in which mosquito larvae breed or exist.
F. 
Spitting upon any public sidewalk or the interior or exterior of any public building or public conveyance.
G. 
Deposits of accumulations of the bodily wastes of humans or animals in any street, sidewalk, lot or other public place.

§ 171-12 Violations and penalties.

Violations of the provisions of this chapter shall be punishable as provided in Chapter 1, Article III, General Penalty.