[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Health of the Township of Hanover 7-10-1933. Sections 290-1 and 290-4 amended at time of adoption of Code; see Ch. 281, General Provisions, Board of Health, Art I. Other amendments noted where applicable.]
[Amended 10-14-1988 by Ord. No. BH1-88; 10-14-1988 by Ord. No. BH1-88; 2-10-1993 by Ord. No. BH2-93]
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, association or corporation to bring into or receive into the Township of Hanover for sale or to sell or offer for sale therein or to have on hand any milk or milk product, except evaporated milk, condensed milk, condensed skimmed milk, powdered whole milk and powdered skimmed milk, who does not possess an unrevoked permit from the Health Officer of the Township of Hanover and on whose vehicles or in whose place of business there does not appear in a conspicuous place a placard showing the permit with the number as issued by the Board of Health. Such permits shall be issued only after proper inspection has been made and upon payment of a fee as provided in Chapter 284, Fees, of the Code of the Township of Hanover.
At least once during each three months, the Health Officer shall inspect every dairy farm producing unpasteurized milk or cream for consumption within the Township of Hanover and all milk plants whose unpasteurized milk or cream is intended for consumption within the Township of Hanover.
In order that the provisions of this chapter may more adequately be carried out, it is hereby ordained that all unpasteurized milk sold in the Township of Hanover shall be produced in dairies located within the State of New Jersey and within a radius of 15 miles of the Township of Hanover and that all pasteurized milk shall be pasteurized in plants acceptable to the Board of Health of the Township of Hanover.
In case the Health Officer discovers the violation of any item of sanitation, he shall make a second inspection after a lapse of such time as he deems necessary for the defect to he remedied, but not before the lapse of three days, and the second inspection shall be used in determining a violation of this chapter.
A copy of the inspection report shall be filed with the Board of Health of the Township of Hanover, New Jersey.
All dairy farms and milk plants shall conform to all of the following items of sanitation:
Cows; tuberculosis and other diseases.
A physical examination and tuberculin test of all cows shall be made before any milk therefrom is sold and at least once every 12 months thereafter by a veterinarian approved by the Hanover Township Board of Health or by the State Livestock Sanitary Authority, and said test shall be made and any reactors disposed of in accordance with the current requirements of the United Bureau of Animal Industry and the Board of Health in the Township of Hanover. A certificate signed by the veterinarian and filed with the Health Officer shall be the only valid evidence of the above test.
Every diseased animal shall be removed from the herd at once, and no milk from diseased cows shall be offered for sale. All reacting animals shall be isolated at once and immediately excluded from the premises. All animals failing to pass the tuberculin test shall be branded with the letters "T" or "TB" on the shoulder, hip or jaw and removed at once and slaughtered under the direction of the Health Officer. Each letter in the brand shall be not less than 2 1/2 inches wide.
Lighting of dairy barns. Such sections of all dairy barns where cows are kept or milked shall have at least three square feet of window space for each stanchion.
Air space. Such sections of all dairy barns where cows are kept or milked shall have at least 500 cubic feet of air space per stanchion and shall be well ventilated.
Floors. The floors and gutters of such parts of all dairy barns in which cows are kept or milked shall be constructed of easily cleaned material approved by the Health Officer and shall be graded to drain properly and shall be kept clean and in good repair. No horses, pigs, fowl, etc., shall be permitted in parts of the barn used for dairy purposes.
Walls and ceilings. The walls and ceilings of all dairy barns shall be whitewashed once each year or painted once every two years or finished in a manner approved by the Health Officer, and shall be kept clean and in good repair. In case there is a second story above that part of the barn in which cows are kept or milked, the ceiling shall be tight.
Cow yard. All cow yards shall be graded and drained as well as practicable and kept clean.
Manure disposal. All manure shall be removed and stored or disposed of in such manner as best to prevent the breeding of flies therein.
Cleanliness and flies. The floors, walls, ceilings and equipment of the milk house or room shall be kept clean at all times. All means necessary for the elimination of flies shall be used.
Water supply. The water supply shall be easily accessible, adequate and of a safe, sanitary quality.
Construction. All containers or utensils used in the handling or storage of milk or milk products must be made of nonabsorbent material and of such construction as to be easily cleaned and must be in good repair. Joints and seams shall be soldered flush. All milk pails shall be of a narrow-mouth design approved by the Health Officer.
Cleaning. All containers and other utensils used in the handling, storage or transportation of milk and milk products must be thoroughly cleaned immediately after using.
Sterilization. All containers and other utensils used in the handling, storage or transportation of milk or milk products shall, between each usage, be sterilized with steam or chlorine or in a manner approved by the Health Officer of the Township of Hanover.
Storage. All containers and other utensils used in the handling, storage or transportation of milk or milk products shall be stored so as not to become contaminated before again being used.
Udders and teats. The udders and teats of all milking cows shall be clean at the time of milking.
Flanks. The flanks of all milking cows shall be kept free from visible dirt at the time of milking.
Milkers' hands. Milkers' hands shall be washed clean and dried with a clean towel immediately before milking. Should the milking operation be interrupted, the milkers' hands must again be washed. Wet hand milking is prohibited. Convenient facilities shall be provided for the washing of milkers' hands.
Clean clothing. Milkers and milk handlers shall wear clean outer garments while working.
Milk stools. Milk stools shall be kept clean.
Removal of milk. Each pail of milk shall be removed immediately to the milk house or straining room. No milk shall be strained in the dairy barn.
Bottling and capping. Caps shall be purchased in sanitary tubes and kept therein in a clean place until used.
Personnel. Every person connected with a dairy or milk plant whose work brings him in contact with the production, handling, storage or transportation of milk or milk products shall have, within 12 months, satisfactorily passed a medical examination, evidenced by a certificate to that effect.
Notification of disease.
Notice shall be sent to the Health Officer immediately by any milk producer or distributor upon whose dairy farm or premises any case of sickness or any infectious, contagious or communicable disease occurs.
Whenever a case of scarlet fever, typhoid, diphtheria, measles or tuberculosis is reported, notice shall be sent to the milk dealer supplying the house from which such disease was reported, and from that time until permission is given by the Board, no bottles may be left at such house, but the milk shall be poured from the bottles into a container supplied by the purchaser. Any bottles at the house at the time of notification shall not be taken away until permission is given by the Board of Health.
Inspection; samples. All milk products sold or delivered or offered for sale together with everything about farms, stables, dairies, milk wagons or milk depots of dealers doing business in the Township of Hanover shall at all times be open to inspection by the Board of Health, its officers or agents, and samples of such milk produced shall be furnished immediately on demand to the Board of Health, its officers or agents.
Disposal of wastes. All wastes shall be disposed of in conformity with the requirements of the Health Officer.
Spitting. No person shall spit, except into a receptacle provided for the purpose, in any part of any room, vehicle or other place used for the sale, storage, handling or transportation of milk.
Any person, firm, association or corporation violating any provision of this chapter shall be fined not less than $2 nor more than $500. Each and every violation of the provisions of this chapter shall constitute a separate offense.