[HISTORY: Adopted by the Township Committee of the Township of Holland 3-10-1970. Amendments noted where applicable.]
Definitions. Unless the context specifically and clearly indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this chapter shall be as follows:
- BOD (BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND)
- The quantity of oxygen, expressed in milligrams per liter, utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure for five days at 20° C. The standard laboratory procedure shall be that found in the latest edition of Standard Methods.
- BUILDING SEWER
- That portion of the overall sewage collection system located between the sewage drainage system of any structure and the service lateral of a collection sewer.
- CHLORINE DEMAND
- The chlorine, in milligrams per liter, which must be added to sewage to produce chlorine residual of five-tenths milligrams per liter after a contact period of 60 minutes, in accordance with procedures set forth in Standard Methods.
- COLLECTION SEWER
- The Township's collection sanitary sewers located under highways,
roads, streets and rights-of-way, or collection sanitary sewers located
in a development approved pursuant to an ordinance of this Township
adopted under the Municipal Land Use Law, the plans and specifications for which have been finally
approved by the approving authority under such ordinance, and approved
by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and which
have been properly constructed, made available for use and connected
to the Township's collection sanitary sewers pursuant to such approval,
with branch service laterals that collect and convey sanitary sewage
or industrial wastes or a combination of both and into which stormwater,
surface water and groundwater or unpolluted industrial wastes or liquids
are not intentionally admitted.[Amended 7-5-1978]
- CONNECTION UNIT
- Each individual building or house, whether constructed as a detached unit or as one of a pair or row which is designated or adaptable to separate ownership for use as a family dwelling unit or for commercial or industrial purposes. A school, factory, apartment house, townhouse, office building or other multiple unit structure or complex or development of such structures, whose individual apartments or units are connected to a common internal sewage system, shall be considered as one "connection unit," but where only a section or segment of an overall development whose individual apartments or units are connected to a common internal sewage system (which system may be confined to such section or segment or may be designed to serve other sections or segments of the development or the overall development) has received subdivision, site plan or conditional use approval required under Chapter 100, Part 2, Development Regulations, of the Code of the Township of Holland and as a requirement or condition of such approval is to have the approved development connected to and use the Township's sanitary sewer system, then such approved section or segment shall be considered a "connection unit."[Amended 6-6-1984]
- The Township Engineer.
- FORCE MAIN
- That pipe or conduit operating under pressure and constituting a part of the sewer system.
- Solid wastes resulting from preparation, cooking and dispensing of food and from handling, storage and sale of food products and produce.
- GROUND GARBAGE
- The residue from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that has been shredded to such degree that all particles will be carried freely in suspension under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers with no particle greater than 1/2 inch in any dimension.
- ILLICIT CONNECTION
- Any physical or nonphysical connection to the Township sewer
system other than by permit issued by the Township in accordance with
its rules and regulations.[Added 5-5-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-3]
- IMPROVED PROPERTY
- Any property within the sewered area upon which there is erected a structure intended for continuous or periodic habitation, occupancy or use by human beings or animals and from which structure sanitary sewage or industrial wastes, or both, shall be or may be discharged.
- INDUSTRIAL WASTES
- Any solid, liquid or gaseous substance discharged, permitted to flow or escaping in the course of any industrial, manufacturing, trade or business process or in the course of the development, recovery or processing of natural resources, as distinct from sanitary sewage.
- Milligrams per liter.
- NORMAL SEWAGE
- Sewage with a maximum:
- Any person vested with ownership, legal or equitable, sole or partial, of any property located in the sewered area.
- Any individual, partnership, company, association, society, corporation or other group or entity.
- The logarithm (base 10) of the reciprocal of the concentration of hydrogen ions, gram moles per liter of solution, and indicates the degrees of acidity or alkalinity of a substance.
- SANITARY SEWAGE
- Normal water-carried household and toilet wastes from an improved property.
- SERVICE LATERAL
- That part of the sewer system from the sewer main to the curbline or to a point one foot beyond and outside the edge of the paved roadway if there is no curbline.
- SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
- The plant and facilities operated by the Borough of Milford for the treatment of sewage.
- The system of sewers and appurtenances for the collection, transportation and pumping of sanitary sewage and industrial wastes.
- SEWERED AREA
- That portion of the Township in which there shall be constructed a sewer system of the Township in accordance with plans approved by the Township and as from time to time changed and extended.
- SEWER MAIN
- Any pipe or conduit constituting part of the Township sewer system, exclusive of service laterals, building sewers and force main, used or usable to collect and convey sewage and to which groundwater, surface water and stormwater is not intentionally admitted.
- SEWER SYSTEM
- All facilities, as of any particular time, for collecting, pumping, treating and disposing of sanitary sewage and industrial waste, situated in the sewered area and owned or operated, or both, by or for the Township.
- Any discharge of water, sewage or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow, exceeds, for any period of longer duration than 15 minutes, more than five times its average hourly concentration of flow.
- STANDARD METHODS
- The examination and analytical procedures set forth in the most recent edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water, Sewage and Industrial Wastes, published jointly by the American Public Health Association, the American Water Works Association and the Water Pollution Control Federation.
- STORM SEWER
- A sewer that carries stormwater, surface water and groundwater drainage but excludes sanitary sewage and industrial wastes.
- Includes any street, highway, road, lane or alley.
- A charge, in addition to the service charge rental, which is levied on those persons whose wastes are greater in strength than the concentration values established as representative of normal sewage.
- SUSPENDED SOLIDS
- Solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, sewage or other liquids and which are removable by laboratory filtration. The standard laboratory procedure shall be that found in the latest edition of Standard Methods.
- The Township of Holland, in the County of Hunterdon, New Jersey.
- TOWNSHIP'S AUTHORIZED AGENT
- A person employed by the Township who is specifically authorized to inspect the construction of building sewers and the connection of building sewers to collection sewers.
- TOWNSHIP'S ENGINEER
- The engineer engaged by the Township to advise the Township on engineering matters.
- TOXIC SUBSTANCE
- Any substance (including copper, cyanide and chromium compounds) in such form or concentration to be toxic or to inhibit the activity of humans, animals or organisms used in biological sewage treatment.
- UNPOLLUTED WATER OR LIQUIDS
- Any water or liquid containing none of the following:
- (1) Emulsified grease or oil.
- (2) Substances that may impart taste, odor or color.
- (3) Odorous or otherwise obnoxious gases.
- (4) Total dissolved solids in excess of 1,000 mg/l.
- (5) Suspended solids in excess of five mg/l.
- (6) A biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) in excess of five mg/l.
- (7) A pH value below 6.0 or greater than 9.0.
Editor's Note: See N.J.S.A. 40:55D-1 et seq.
Word usage. "Shall" is mandatory; "may" is permissible.
All connection units which are in existence on February 1, 2003, and that are already connected to the facilities of the Township’s sanitary sewer system shall remain so connected and use the services and facilities of the Township’s sanitary sewer system to the exclusion of any other system(s) or method(s) for the collection and disposal of sanitary sewage and industrial wastes. All potential connection units that are either not in existence on February 1, 2003, or on which construction commences subsequent to February 1, 2003, and that are situated in the sewer service area delineated on the map entitled “Sewer Service Area, Township of Holland, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, February, 2003,” shall be connected with and shall use the services and facilities of the Township’s sanitary sewer system to the exclusion of any other system(s) or method(s) for the collection and disposal of sanitary sewage and industrial wastes. No connection units, other than those described herein as being required to be connected to and to use the Township’s sanitary sewer system shall be connected thereto; except that the connection unit situated on Lot 31 in Block 22 on the Township Tax Map may be connected to the facilities of the Township’s sanitary sewer system and, once so connected, shall remain connected.
[Amended 12-7-1970; 7-5-1978; 7-15-1986 by Ord. No. 86-10; 11-1-1988 by Ord. No. 1988-14; 2-18-2003 by Ord. No. 2003-1; 11-20-2007 by Ord. No. 2007-19]
Editor's Note: Said map is on file in the Township offices.
The Township Committee may specifically except any connection unit from the requirements of Subsection A of this section if the Township Committee finds that connection with the sanitary sewer system by such connection unit would be economically unfeasible. The Township Committee may rescind such exception when and if such connection becomes economically feasible.
[Amended 12-7-1970; 7-5-1978]
No person shall uncover, connect with, make any opening into or use, alter or disturb in any manner any sewer or the sewer system without first obtaining a permit, in writing, from the Township. Such permits shall be issued to owners required to connect to a sewer by Subsections A and B of this chapter, subject always to compliance with this chapter. Such permits may be issued by the Township to owners not so required to connect.
If any owner fails to comply with the provisions of Subsections A, B or C above, in addition to the other penalties provided by this chapter, the Township may engage the services of a qualified plumber to make the required connection. Prior to doing so, the Township shall notify the delinquent owner, in writing, of its intention to have such work done at the owner's expense unless such work is completed by the owner within 30 days of the mailing of such notice, or such later date as may be consented to by the Township's authorized agent. If such work is not completed within such period by the owner, the Committee shall proceed to have such work done, and the Township Engineer shall certify the cost thereof to the Township Committee. The Committee shall then notify the owner when and where the governing body will examine such certification, and any objections thereto will be heard at that time. The Township Committee, after such hearing, shall determine the correctness of such certification and shall cause the cost as shown thereon, or as corrected by the Township Committee, to be added to the sewer bill for the property in question, and the amount of such charge shall thereupon become a lien upon the lands upon filing with the Collector of such sewer rents. Such charge shall bear interest at the same rate as taxes and shall be collected and enforced by the Collector of sewer rents as set forth herein.
Application for a permit required under § 135-2 shall be made by the owner of the property to be served to the Township's authorized agent, or by his authorized representative. Except for instances where a written notice by the Township to the owner requiring connection (referred to in § 135-22 hereof) has been sent, such application shall be made at the time application for a construction permit for the development to be served by the connection is made, and the connection permit shall be issued before such construction permit is issued. In the event that the construction permit is not subsequently issued, the development to be connected is not constructed and no connection is made, the applicant may be granted, upon suitable written request made to the Township's authorized agent within 30 days of the original application for the connection permit, together with a return of the connection permit, if it has issued, recision of the connection permit and a refund of the fee paid for the connection permit.
No person shall make or cause to be made a connection of any improved property with a sewer, until a permit has been issued by the Township as required by Subsection C and until such person shall have been given the Township's authorized agent at least 24 hours' notice of the time when such connection will be made, so that the Township's authorized agent may supervise and inspect the work of connection and, when necessary, supervise any necessary testing.
Grouping of more than one connection unit on one building sewer or on one service lateral shall not be permitted, except under special circumstances and for good sanitary reasons or other good cause shown, and then only upon special permission of the Township Committee upon recommendation of the Township Engineer.
Subject to the foregoing requirements of this section, a building sewer to serve one improved property may occupy the same trench as a building sewer to serve the next adjoining improved property; provided, however, that the common trench is on or immediately adjacent to the common property line and such joint occupancy is by mutual agreement of the owners concerned.
All costs and expenses of construction of a building sewer and costs and expenses of connection of a building sewer to a collection sewer shall be borne by the owner of the improved property to be connected; and such owner shall indemnify and save harmless the Township from all loss or damage that may be occasioned, directly or indirectly, as a result of construction of a building sewer or of connection of a building sewer to a service lateral.
Materials for a building sewer, jointing materials and methods of installation shall be in accordance with requirements of § 135-13 and shall be subject to approval of the Township's authorized agent.
The permit required by § 135-2A shall be displayed prominently upon the improved property to be connected to a sewer at all times during construction of the building sewer and connection of the building sewer to a service lateral.
A building sewer shall be connected to the sewer system at the end of the service lateral at the curbline point of connection located in the curb area. No person shall make a connection to, or in any manner disturb, a service lateral except upon authorization from the Township and issuance of a permit and in the presence of the Township's authorized agent.
All joints shall be sealed and made airtight, and shall be made smooth and clean inside, with all sewers in proper grade, so as to provide free flow of sewage matter without any obstructions, in accordance with the Township specifications for sanitary sewers. All work pertaining to the connection with the Township's sewers shall be the responsibility of and at the expense of the owner of the property with which connection is made, subject to the right of supervision herein reserved by the Township.
All new service laterals will be connected to a then-existing sewer main with an approved saddle-type fitting properly installed and incased in an eight-inch envelope of concrete extending completely around the barrel of the sewer main pipe.
All such service laterals installed after the initial construction period shall be installed by the owner of the connection unit served by the service lateral at the owner's expense. All work of making connection to any of the Township's sewers shall be done under the personal supervision of the Township Engineer or the Township's authorized agent and shall conform to the Township's specifications and the following requirements:
All joints shall be sealed and made airtight and shall be made smooth and clean inside, with all sewers in proper alignment and of proper grade so as to provide free flow of sewage matter without any obstructions and to be made in accordance with the Township's specifications for its sanitary sewers and shall be subject to the right of inspection hereby reserved by the Township.
All connections to the sewer main must be made by a person authorized by the Township's authorized agent to do such work and shall be done under the personal supervision of the Township Engineer or his authorized agent.
Service laterals and buildings sewers for the same connections shall be of the same size and shall in no case be less than four inches in diameter. Where a building sewer is made with a pipe larger in diameter than the service lateral provided, the service lateral will be replaced by the owner at his expense with a service lateral of the same size and material as the building sewer. In every such case, the sewer main shall be sealed by the owner at the joint with the preexisting service lateral.
If the building sewer and service laterals or the building sewer and the house drain consist of unlike materials, the connection between the two shall be made with a standard adapting fitting for such materials approved by the Township Engineer. Projecting the smaller outside diameter pipe into the larger pipe coupling or bell and sealing will not be permitted.
Within one year following the hookup of any connection unit with the collection sewer, all existing privies, septic tanks, cesspools and seepage pits for the treatment of sanitary sewage from such connection unit, except those with concrete lids at least four inches thick, shall be emptied and filled with sand, crushed stone, gravel or shale to prevent said pits from caving in or from in any way becoming a health or safety hazard. Said privies, septic tanks, cesspools and seepage pits with acceptable concrete lids may be used for the disposal of stormwater from roof drains and other forms of surface drainage or as permitted in writing by the Township or its authorized agent.
[Added 6-21-2011 by Ord. No. 2011-10]
The purpose of this section is to require all restaurants and other retail food establishments of any kind or nature which are connected to the Township sewer system to store all grease which is used or generated in the preparation of food in the establishment in leakproof, nonabsorbent containers of durable metal, or other approved types of material which do not leak or absorb liquids, until removed from the premises by a licensed grease removal/disposal contractor. No grease, whatsoever, is to be disposed of into drains or trash containers.
All restaurants and other retail food establishments of any kind or nature which are connected to the Township sewer system shall have all grease which is used or generated in the preparation of food in the restaurant or other retail food establishment stored in such a manner as to prevent a public health nuisance, including the development of excessive odors and the attraction of vermin, until removed from the premises by a licensed grease removal/disposal contractor.
The Township shall have the right to periodically conduct routine inspections of the oil and grease traps at Category 2 and 3 retail food establishments [see § 190-4A(1) of this Code] which are connected to the Township sewer system to ensure compliance with this section.
All Category 2 and 3 retail food establishments which are connected to the Township sewer system shall employ at their own expense a licensed New Jersey plumbing inspector to conduct an annual inspection of their grease traps and connecting lines to ensure that waste oil and grease are being adequately prevented from being discharged into the sewer system. Inspection is to include but not be limited to the efficiency of the grease trap, amount of oil and grease found in the connecting wastewater lines leading to the sewer system, percentage of oil and grease being removed from the grease trap, scheduled maintenance and size of the existing grease trap. It shall also be determined that the existing grease trap is sized adequately for its existing use or that it must be increased in grease-separating capacity.
The results of the annual inspection referred to in Subsection D, above, shall be set forth in a report which shall be submitted with the establishment's annual application for a Category 2 and 3 retail food establishment license where the establishment is connected to the Township sewer system. The form of report shall be as provided by the Township. Failure to produce/submit such report in the form prescribed by the Township shall result in denial of the food establishment's license renewal application.
Rules and regulations.
Building sewers shall be not less than four inches in diameter.
All service laterals and building sewers shall be constructed of one of the following types of pipe:
Asbestos-cement building sewer pipe at least four inches in internal diameter (pipe depth of 10 feet or more: Class 3300; pipe depth less than 10 feet: Class 2400).
Medium-weight cast-iron soil pipe or extra-heavy iron at least four inches in internal diameter conforming to A.S.T.M. Designation A-74-42.
Extra strength V.C. pipe. Jointing materials for the various types of pipe shall be as follows:
Asbestos-cement pipe shall have joints consisting of two rubber rings and an asbestos-cement sleeve.
Cast-iron pipe shall have leaded joints properly caulked or an approved rubber joint.
V.C. pipe shall have a joint of resilient material having a controlled and calculated shape which will be in an annular space to form a closing seal.
Uniform bearing shall be provided along the entire length of a building sewer, which shall be watertight and rootproof. No cement mortar joints shall be used.
Where an improved property, at the time of securing a permit under § 135-2 to connect to a sewer, shall be served by its own sewage disposal system or device, the existing house sewer line shall be broken on the building side of such sewage disposal system or device and attachment shall be made, with proper fittings, to continue such house sewer line, as a building sewer, undiminished in inside diameter, but not less than four inches, to the service lateral.
It shall be the duty of every person constructing or owning any building sewer, house drain, soil pipe, waste pipe, vent pipe, plumbing fixtures or any other passage or connections between a sewer and any ground, building, erection or place of business and in like manner it shall be the duty of the owners of all grounds, buildings, erections and all parties interested therein or thereat to cause and require that such building sewer, house drain, soil pipe, waste pipe, vent pipe, plumbing fixtures and every other passage or connection shall be adequate for its purpose, and shall at all times allow to pass freely all material that enters or should enter the same. No change of drainage, sewerage or the building sewer of any building, except for changes in existing systems affecting hookup of the Township collection sewer as required by this chapter, shall be permitted unless notice thereof shall have been given to the Township's authorized agent or the Township Engineer and consent of the Township thereto obtained in writing.
Fittings in a building sewer shall conform to the type of pipe used in construction.
Changes in direction in a building sewer must be made by use of Y-branches or of one-eighth, one-sixteenth or one-quarter bends or of the use of a T. Caulking of lead joints or alignment of self-sealing joints to angles of less than one-sixteenth-bend equivalent only shall be permitted.
Fittings or connections in a building sewer which have an enlargement chamber or recess with a ledge, shoulder or reduction of pipe area that shall offer any obstruction to flow shall not be allowed.
Joints in cast-iron soil pipe in a building sewer shall be packed with oakum in the bell and spigot terminations and thereafter shall be filled with molten lead to a depth of at least one inch and not to be depressed more than 1/8 inch below the rim of the hub. The lead then must be caulked in place. No paint, varnish or other coating shall be permitted on the jointing material until after the building sewer has been tested and approved as provided in Subsection A(18), (19) and (20). Rubber ring joints of approved design may also be used.
Floor drains shall not be connected to the building sewer except where it can be shown to the satisfaction of the Township, or its authorized agent, that such connection is necessary to the safety and health of the occupants and will not permit any appreciable flow of surface drainage into the Township sewer system. Where such drains are permitted, arrangements shall be made to maintain a permanent water seal in the traps, and such drains shall be provided with check or backwater valves where required by the Township Engineer and shall be properly vented. A permit shall be obtained from the Township Engineer before any floor drain shall be attached to the building sewer. No permit for a basement floor drain shall be granted until the owner of the building and any lessee thereof has executed and signed a written agreement upon a form furnished by the Township releasing the Township from any damage that may result from the basement being flooded by the stoppage or other malfunction of sewers, which agreement shall be filed with the Township.
A cleanout shall be installed either just inside or just outside the building wall near the junction of the building drain and building sewer. This cleanout shall be brought up to finished grade or the lowest floor level. Cleanouts shall be provided along the building sewer at intervals not to exceed 75 feet for four-inch nominal diameter pipe and not more than 100 feet for larger pipe. Cleanouts shall be constructed by using a Y-fitting in the run of pipe with a 45° bend and riser to the ground surface. The riser pipe must be provided with a standard four-inch screw-type ferrule. The property owner may provide a Y-fitting with a cap clamped in place for all building sewers at the curbline at the point of connection or at any location within the sidewalk area.
Wherever, in the opinion of the Township or the Township's authorized agent, special trenching conditions require a specific type of pipe or jointing material or encasement in concrete, such materials as it may direct shall be installed to protect the property owner or the Township, or both. The following conditions shall require installation as indicated:
Where the trench is over 10 feet deep extrastrength V.C. pipe or Class 3300 A.C. pipe or extra-heavy cast-iron pipe must be used.
Where the trench is less than four feet deep in a traveled roadway, special bedding, consisting of crushed stone or concrete cradle, as directed by the Township Engineer or the Township's authorized agent must be used.
Service laterals and building sewers for all service stations, garages or other establishments storing, using or dispensing gasoline, kerosene, benzine or similar solvents shall be constructed of cast-iron pipe with leaded joints, and rubber ring joints shall not be permitted.
Where lines are laid in fill, extra-heavy cast-iron soil pipe with lead joints shall be used.
Where foundation conditions are poor due to groundwater or subsurface materials, a bedding of quarry-blend crushed stone at least six inches in depth shall be used.
Where rock is encountered, it shall be excavated to a depth of four inches below the bottom of the pipe and the trench refilled to the grade line with clean earth, sand or crushed stone.
The slope or grade of a building sewer, when the inside diameter is four inches or more, shall be no less than 1/4 inch per foot of length and shall be downward in the direction of flow; provided, however, that where approved by the Township Engineer or the Township's authorized agent, the slope may be reduced but shall be not less than 1/8 inch per foot of length.
No building sewer shall be covered until it has been inspected, tested and approved as provided in Subsection A(18), (19) and (20). If any part of a building sewer is covered before being inspected, tested and approved, it shall be uncovered for inspection and testing at the expense of the owner of the improved property to be connected to a sewer. The minimum cover of any building sewer, outside of a building, shall be three feet, unless otherwise permitted by the Township Engineer or the Township's authorized agent.
When found necessary by the Township's authorized agent or the Township Engineer, the building sewer shall be tested by filling the same with water, completely, so that every section shall be tested with not less than a ten-foot head of water. Water shall be kept in the building sewer for 15 minutes before inspection starts, and said sewer shall pass inspection only if no leaks can be observed at the time of inspection.
Upon inspection and approval of a building sewer by the Township, a certificate of approval will be issued to the owner of the improved property to be connected to a sewer.
The Township's Engineer, or other authorized agent, shall observe all required testing of a building sewer. All equipment and material required for testing shall be furnished by the owner of the improved property to be connected to a sewer. In the event that a building sewer is not approved by the Township's Engineer or authorized agent, a further test or tests shall be made following completion of necessary corrections. A fee, as established in Chapter 83, Fees, will be charged by the Township for the observation of such test subsequent to the initial test.
Whenever the Township has reason to believe any building sewer has become defective, such building sewer shall be subject to test and inspection by the Township, and the Township's authorized agent shall have the right to enter onto the premises on which the building sewer is located for the purpose of such test and inspection upon reasonable advance notice to such owner by the Township. Defects found upon such test and inspection, if any, shall be reported in writing to the owner of the improved property, served through such building sewer, and said defect shall be corrected at the cost and expense of said owner.
Every building sewer of any improved property shall be maintained in a sanitary and safe operating condition by the owner of such improved property.
Every excavation for a building sewer shall be guarded adequately with barricades and lights to protect all persons from damage and injury. Streets, sidewalks and other public property disturbed in the course of installation of a building sewer shall be restored, at the cost and expense of the owner of the improved property being connected, in a manner satisfactory to the Township.
Wherever the surface of any public street or sidewalk is disturbed by construction of the service laterals, the surfacing material must be restored in kind and maintained to the satisfaction of the Township. Any and all construction in a public street of the Township, County or state shall be in compliance with the ordinances, statutes and regulations of the Township, county or State of New Jersey, and all necessary permits shall be obtained from the applicable governmental agency or agencies before construction is commenced, including the permit required for opening or disturbing the surface of a street or right-of-way. All permit fees required by the applicable governmental agency or agencies shall be at the expense of and paid directly by the owner of the property served by said service lateral.
The construction of building sewers shall, at all times, be subject to supervision and inspection by the Township's authorized agent and shall conform to the Township specifications. The building sewer shall not be covered until permitted by the Township Engineer or the Township's authorized agent, and all backfilling of trenches shall be under their supervision and shall be thoroughly compacted by tamping in six-inch layers to a minimum height of 24 inches above the top of the pipe, unless such method is not feasible, in which case an alternate method, approved by the Engineer or the Township's authorized agent, shall be used.
Connections with collection sewers where same are run through private property shall in all respects be governed by this chapter.
No roof, cellar, surface water or swimming pool drainage, backwash water, waste from hydrants or groundwater from underground drainage fields shall be permitted to drain into the sewer system. The sewer system is intended to convey sanitary sewage and liquid wastes only.
The Township shall have the right to close up or disconnect from the collection sewer system any building sewer used for carrying rain, cellar drainage, surface water, groundwater or objectionable matter or whenever the owner of property served by any building sewer commits any violations of this chapter.
The Township shall not be liable for any damage or expense resulting from leaks, stoppages or defective plumbing or from any other cause occurring to any premises or within any house or building; and it is expressly stipulated by and between the Township and the owner that no claims shall be made against said Township on account of the breaking or stoppage of, or any damage or expense to, any service lateral or house connection when the cause thereof is found to be in the lateral or house connection.
The Township shall not be liable for a deficiency or failure of service when occasioned by an emergency, required repairs or failure from any cause beyond control. The Township reserves the right to restrict the use of sewer service whenever the public welfare may require it in consideration of the right to connect to the sewer system. The Township shall not be liable for any damage or expense resulting from leaks, stoppages or defective plumbing or from any other cause occurring to any premises or within any building, and it is hereby expressly agreed by all persons making connection with the sewer system that no claims shall be made against the Township on account of the breaking or stoppage of, or any damage or expense to, any service lateral or building sewer where the cause thereof is found to be in such service lateral or building sewer.
Owners, their employees or independent contractors may do excavation, ditch preparation and plumbing work involved in the construction of a building sewer and the connection of a building sewer to a service lateral upon receipt of the connection permit from the Township and subject to compliance with these regulations and inspection requirements.
Each contractor, before performing any work involving the construction of a building sewer of the connection of a building sewer to a service lateral, shall register with the Township's authorized agent, giving his name, business and home addresses, telephone numbers and the amount and nature of his experience.
If any person shall fail or refuse, upon receipt of a notice from the Township in writing, to remedy any unsatisfactory condition with respect to a building sewer as required under § 135-13A(18), then, within 30 days of receipt of such notice by said person, the Township may refuse to permit such person to discharge sanitary sewage and industrial wastes into the Township sewer system until such unsatisfactory condition shall have been remedied to the satisfaction of the Township, but nothing hereunder shall prevent the Township from taking such other remedial action or imposing such other penalties as may be provided by this chapter.
The Township reserves the right, in the interest of the public welfare, to refuse to permit any person to connect any improved property to the Township sewer system or to compel discontinuance of the use of the Township sewer system by any person or to compel the pretreatment of industrial wastes in order to prevent discharge into the sewer system of waste which may be deemed by the Township to be harmful to the Township sewer system or to have a deleterious effect on sewage treatment process.
The Township reserves the right to adopt, from time to time, additional rules and regulations as it shall deem necessary and proper relating to connections with and further constituting reconstruction, operation, maintenance and repair of the Township sewer system, which additional rules and regulations, to the extent appropriate, shall be considered to be part of this chapter.
Industrial wastes having the following characteristics may not be discharged into the Township sewer system without specific approval by the Township:
A five-day BOD greater than 250 mg/l;
A suspended solids content greater than 250 mg/l;
A chlorine demand greater than five mg/l;
An average daily flow greater than 10% of the average daily sewage flow of the sewer system; or
The Township may require that the owner of improved property shall provide, at his expense, such facilities for preliminary treatment and handling of industrial wastes as may be necessary to do any or all of the following:
Plans, specifications and any other pertinent information relating to proposed facilities for preliminary treatment and handling of industrial wastes shall be submitted for approval of the Township, and no construction of any such facility shall be commenced until approval thereof first shall have been obtained, in writing, from the Township, and until written approval thereof shall also have been obtained from any other governmental regulatory body having jurisdiction over the facility proposed.
Whenever facilities for preliminary treatment and handling of industrial wastes shall have been provided by the owner of such improved property, such facilities shall be maintained continuously, at the expense of such owner, in satisfactory operating condition; and the Township shall have access to such facilities at reasonable times for purposes of inspection and testing.
No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any stormwater, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, cooling water or unpolluted industrial or unpolluted commercial process water into the sewer system.
Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, no person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described wastes or waters into the sewer system:
Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than 150° F.
Any water or waste containing more than 100 mg/l by weight of fats, oils or greases.
Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil or other inflammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas which, by reason of its nature or quality, may cause fire or explosion or which, in any other way, may be injurious to persons or the sewer system or the sewage treatment plant.
Any noxious or malodorous gas or substance which, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, shall be capable of creating a public nuisance or hazard to life or of preventing entry into any sewer or the sewage treatment plant for maintenance and repair.
Garbage other than ground garbage as herein defined.
Any matter containing any ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, bones, feathers, tar, plastic, wood, paunch manure, butchers offal or any other solid or viscous substance which shall be capable of causing obstruction to the flow in any sewer or interference with the proper operation of the sewer system or the sewage treatment plant.
Any water or waste having a pH lower than 6.5 or higher than 8.5 or having any corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures or equipment of the sewer system or the sewage treatment plant or to personnel engaged in operation and maintenance thereof.
[Amended 6-21-2011 by Ord. No. 2011-10]
Any water or waste containing any toxic substance in quantity sufficient to constitute a hazard to humans or animals or to interfere with the biochemical processes of the sewage treatment plant so that the effluent exceeds state, federal or other validly existing standards required for discharge into the receiving stream.
Any water or waste containing suspended solids of such character and quantity that unusual effort or expense shall be required to handle such water or waste at the sewage treatment plant.
Any radioactive substances, except by special permission by the Township.
Gas stations and garages are required to provide oil interceptors of the types series GA, GX, GNC and GRC of Josam Manufacturing Company, Michigan City, Indiana, or equivalent, in the proper location, where the prohibited liquids are to be intercepted. Restaurants or other commercial establishments which would discharge grease or other products into the system are required to provide grease interceptors of the type Series J of the Josam Manufacturing Company or equivalent. All such equipment or devices are subject to inspection and approval by the Township's authorized agent.
Nothing contained in this section shall be construed as prohibiting any special agreement or arrangement between the Township and any person whereby industrial wastes of unusual strength or character may be admitted into the sewer system by the Township, either before or after preliminary treatment, subject to applicable federal, state, county and local requirements.
Required survey data. Any person desiring to make a connection to the sewer system through which industrial wastes shall be discharged into the sewer system shall file with the Township a completed industrial wastes questionnaire, the form for which shall be furnished by the Township, and which shall give results of representative samples of industrial wastes emanating from the industrial facility for a full working day.
Control manholes. Any person who shall discharge industrial wastes into the sewer system shall, when required by the Township, construct and thereafter properly maintain at his own expense a suitable control manhole to facilitate observation, measurement and sampling by the Township. Any such control manhole required by the Township shall be constructed at a location satisfactory to the Township in accordance with the plans submitted to and approved by the Township prior to commencement of construction.
Sewage sampling. Industrial wastes being discharged into the sewer system shall be subject to such periodic sampling, inspection and determination of character and concentration by the Township as it may deem necessary, and sewage sampling facilities shall be accessible to the Township at all times.
Analysis. The Township shall be responsible for analysis of samples of industrial wastes. Laboratory methods used in the analysis of samples of industrial wastes shall be those set forth in the latest edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Sewage, as published by the American Public Health Association; provided, however, that alternate methods for the analysis of industrial wastes may be used, subject to mutual agreement between the Township and the person discharging such wastes into the sewer system.
Changes in type of wastes. Any owner of an improved property who is discharging industrial wastes into the sewer system shall notify the Township, in writing, at least 10 days prior to effecting any change in his operation which will alter the type of industrial waste which he discharges into said system.
No person shall cause the discharge of slugs of water or wastes. Each person producing a discharge into the public sewers in excess of 20,000 gallons in any one day shall, if required by the Township, construct and maintain at his own expense a suitable flow-control facility to ensure equalization of discharge over a twenty-four-hour period. This facility shall have a capacity of at least 50% of the total normal volume of such person's facility during a twenty-four-hour production period, and the outlet to the sewer from such facility shall be equipped by the owner with a rate-discharge controller or other device approved, regulated and controlled by the Township.
Any computation yielding a negative value will be ignored. The charge for the billing period will be computed by adding together the surcharges and then multiplying this total by the number of days in the billing period.
Revision of rates. The rates of surcharge shall be reviewed annually by the Township in order to determine whether or not they are sufficient to defray the fixed charges, amortization costs and annual cost of operation of the sewer system. If the difference between the revenue derived from the rates of surcharge and the total annual cost to the Township requires an increase or decrease in the rates, the Township shall make the appropriate change.
[Amended 2-19-1975; 12-29-1983 by Ord. No. 83-20; 6-6-1984 by Ord. No. 84-5; 12-11-1986 by Ord. No. 86-14; 11-1-1988 by Ord. No. 1988-12; 6-7-1995 by Ord. No. 1995-7]
There is hereby established a connection or hookup fee to be imposed hereafter upon each property owner within the Township to be connected with the sewer system. This connection fee shall be due and payable to the Township from those owners who are required to connect to the sewer system at the time the application for a connection permit referred to in § 135-2 is made or within 30 days of written notice by the Township to such owner requiring such owner to connect, whichever date is earlier, and, with respect to owners not required to connect but who desire so to do, at the time the application for such connection permit is made. In no event shall the connection permit, required by § 135-2, be issued until the connection or hookup fee has been paid. The connection or hookup fee shall be in the amount as established in Chapter 83, Fees.
The sewer rental rates established herein shall become effective and chargeable to the owner of each connection unit on the date designated by the Township, following the issuance of the certificate of completion, on which it shall be prepared to accept sewage into the Township sewer system for treatment.
There is hereby established a flat-rate sanitary sewer rental, as established in Chapter 83, Fees, for each flat-rate sewer rental unit, effective for the year 2009 and subsequently. Such yearly rental shall be paid in equal quarterly installments in advance.
[Amended 2-19-1975; 8-10-1981 by Ord. No. 81-12; 12-29-1988 by Ord. No. 1988-16; 6-7-1995 by Ord. No. 1995-7; 12-5-2006 by Ord. No. 2006-14; 5-6-2008 by Ord. No. 2008-4]
"Flat-rate sewer rental unit" shall be defined as a family dwelling unit or the equivalent which is connected with the sewer system and shall be determined in different instances as follows:
The owner of each commercial or industrial establishment which shall discharge sanitary sewage or industrial waste into the sewer system shall pay in each quarter, as billed, a minimum charge equal to a flat-rate quarterly sanitary sewer rental, together with any applicable surcharge listed in § 135-20.
Sanitary sewer rentals and surcharges shall be billed quarterly on the first days of March, June, September and December and shall be due and payable immediately. If any bill or part thereof rendered for sewer usage is not paid before the 10th day following the date the bill is due, such bill or part thereof shall be considered delinquent and subject to interest at the prevailing rate fixed for interest for delinquent real estate taxes from the due date until such time as the bill is paid in full. Whenever service shall commence after the first day of any quarterly period, sanitary sewer rentals for the first quarterly period shall be prorated.
[Amended 7-6-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-12A]
Garbage (food wastes) grinders are permitted. A garbage-grinder permit shall be obtained from the Township for all garbage grinders presently installed or to be installed. There is no charge for the permit. A flat-rate sewer rental charge, as established in Chapter 83, Fees, will be added to the sewer rental charge of any owner of a property in which a garbage grinder is installed.
[Amended 2-19-1975; 7-6-2010 by Ord. No. 2010-12A]
In the event that a customer fails to pay his bill for sewer service for a period of 90 days following the due date, the Township shall have the right to discontinue sewer service to the property sewered. Sewer service shall not be restored until the Township has received payment in full for the bill rendered, together with any interest thereon, together also with a payment, as established in Chapter 83, Fees, to cover the cost of restoring such service. Every unpaid claim of this Township remaining delinquent and unpaid after the date when due, under a bill for sewer service, together with all charges, expenses and fees added thereto for failure to pay promptly, shall, in the manner provided by law, become a lien upon the properties served, and collection shall be enforced in the same manner as liens for real estate taxes.
The aforesaid sewer system shall be operated as a self-liquidating utility, and charges for the service provided by said sewer system shall be imposed upon the users thereof. All moneys derived from the operation of the aforesaid utility and any other moneys applicable to its support shall be segregated by the Township and kept in a separate fund which shall be known as the "Utility Fund" and shall bear a further designation identifying the aforesaid utility and, except as provided in N.J.S.A. 40A:4-35, shall be applied only to the payment of the operating and upkeep costs and the interest and debt redemption charges upon the indebtedness incurred for the creation of aforesaid utility.
[Amended 9-5-1989 by Ord. No. 1989-9]
For violation of any provision of this chapter, the penalty, upon conviction, shall be a minimum fine of $100 and a maximum fine not exceeding $2,000, or imprisonment for a period not exceeding 90 days, or a period of community service not exceeding 90 days, or any combination thereof. Each day on which such violation exists shall constitute a separate violation. The court before which any person is convicted of violating this chapter shall have power to impose any fine or term of imprisonment not exceeding the maximum fixed in this chapter.
[Amended 5-5-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-3]
Any person convicted of the violation of this chapter may, in the discretion of the court by which he was convicted, and in default of the payment of any fine imposed therefor, be imprisoned in the county jail or place of detention provided by the municipality for any term not exceeding 90 days.
In addition to, or as an alternative to, a penalty under Subsection A or B, above, any violation of § 135-12.1 causing a clogging of or obstruction in a sewer line of the Township which is then cleared by the Township shall result in the following charge to the party convicted of the violation: For the first such offense by said party, an amount which reimburses the time and material cost to the Township of clearing the sewer line. For the second and subsequent such offense by said party, an amount which reimburses the time and material cost to the Township of clearing the sewer line, plus an additional 50% of such cost.
[Added 6-21-2011 by Ord. No. 2011-10]
[Added 5-5-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-3]
A person or entity is prohibited to make any connection to the Township sewer system without a permit issued by the Township in accordance with its rules or regulations. Such prohibited connection shall include, but not be limited to, a sump pump connection, roof drain, washer connection, or any other connection by a customer to the Township sewer system.
[Added 5-5-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-3]
During any certificate of occupancy inspection or home occupation permit inspection, the appropriate inspector shall inspect for illicit connections to the Township sewer system as part of said inspection and shall deny such certificate or permit pursuant to § 115-2 of the Code if an illicit connection is found. The Township reserves the right to use whatever tests are available to determine the existence of illicit connections. It also reserves the right to inspect properties in order to enforce these prohibitions. Such inspections will only be conducted if the Township has reasonable evidence to prove that an illicit connection may exist.
[Added 5-5-2015 by Ord. No. 2015-3]
This section shall be enforced by the Zoning Officer, Municipal Construction Official, Building Subcode Official, or any other duly authorized or deputized individual.