Township of Morris, NJ
Morris County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
In all zones, in connection with every industrial, business, institutional, recreational, residential or any other use, there shall be provided, at the time any building or structure is erected or is enlarged or increased in capacity, off-street parking and loading spaces for automotive and other vehicles in accordance with the requirements set forth herein. Such facilities shall be completed prior to the issuance of a certificate of occupancy.
A. 
Number of parking spaces required. The number of off-street parking spaces required shall be as set forth in Subsection C hereof in accordance with the definition of "gross floor area."[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
B. 
Except as noted below, the length of all parking spaces shall be 20 feet and the minimum width shall be nine feet for long-term parking. Retail, short-term commercial and all visitor parking shall have a minimum width of 10 feet. The overall length may be reduced to 17 1/2 feet if overhang is provided and the use of curbs or bumpers indicated. Parallel or curbed parking spaces shall measure not less than eight feet in width and 23 feet in length. The Planning Board may approve a parking plan showing smaller dimensions to accommodate compact cars or valet parking, but in no event shall any parking space be less than eight feet wide.
[Amended 4-11-1979 by Ord. No. 3-79; 8-14-2002 by Ord. No. 16-02[2]]
[2]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
C. 
Off-street parking requirements for particular uses.
[Amended 3-21-2012 by Ord. No. 2-12]
Use
Required Parking Spaces
(GFA - gross floor area)
Automobile dealership
2.7 per 1,000 square feet of GFA of customer sales, lounge and waiting areas, plus 1.0 per 250 square feet of GFA of dealership business offices, plus 2 per service bay, plus 1 per 500 square feet of GFA for warehouse, parts and other indoor storage
Outdoor vehicle display and vehicle inventory storage areas shall be accurately depicted and dimensioned on a site plan; when approved by the reviewing board, said areas shall not be changed, expanded or relocated without reapproval by the board
Automotive service stations
5 for each bay, plus 1 for each service vehicle, and 1 per 500 square feet of nonbay GFA
Banks and savings institutions
4 per 1,000 square feet of GFA
Bowling lanes
5 for each lane
Churches and other places of worship
1 per 3 seats or 1 per 72 inches of seating space when pews or benches rather than individual seats or chairs are used
Colleges and institutions of higher learning
1 for each full-time or part-time day student
Community buildings, social halls and places of public assembly
1 per 2 seats, except where a specific amount of seating is undetermined, then 1 shall be required per 75 square feet of assemblage area
Country clubs
1 per 100 square feet of GFA occupied by all principal or accessory structures except those used for parking or storage purposes; country clubs with golf courses shall also demonstrate to the satisfaction of the reviewing authority that the additional spaces are not necessary based on actual parking demand surveys. Driving range practice tees shall require 2 spaces per tee
Farm market
5 spaces
Funeral homes, mortuaries
10, plus 1 per 50 square feet of GFA
Industrial uses
1 per 300 square feet of GFA
Laboratory and research
1 per 300 square feet of GFA
Medical/dental offices
5 per 1,000 square feet of GFA
Motels, hotels, motor lodges
1.25 for each guest room, plus 1 per 2 1/2 seats for restaurants, and for restaurants with a bar and/or liquor table service and other auxiliary areas for patrons (nonseating), 1 per 100 square feet of GFA devoted to same, plus 1 per 100 square feet of GFA for each meeting/banquet space. Accessory interior retail space of not more than 3,000 square feet of GFA of interior space shall not require additional parking
Museum
1.5 per 1,000 annual visitors
Nursing home
1 for each bed
Offices, business
4 per 1,000 square feet of GFA
Offices, professional (other than medical and dental)
5 per 1,000 square feet of GFA
Private recreation clubs, health clubs and recreation facilities
5 per 1,000 square feet of GFA
Residential dwellings
As required by New Jersey Residential Site Improvement Standards (RSIS)
Restaurants, eating and drinking establishments and catering facilities
1 per 2 1/2 seats, and for restaurants, etc., with a bar and/or liquor table service and other auxiliary areas for patrons (nonseating), 1 per 100 square feet of GFA devoted to same, 1 per 100 square feet of GFA with fast-food service at counter, plus 1 per 4 seats of outside food service at the discretion of the reviewing board for any restaurant use
Retail stores, store groups, shops, etc.
5 per 1,000 square feet of GFA
Theaters and cinemas
1 per 2.5 seats
Wholesale establishments, warehouses, furniture stores
1 per 500 square feet of GFA
D. 
Off-street parking requirements for a combination of uses. The parking requirement for each use shall be computed separately and then added together to compute the total number of required parking spaces. In all questionable or doubtful cases, or for uses not enumerated, the Planning Board shall determine the required number of spaces, utilizing as a standard the requirements for the uses which are specifically enumerated in Subsection C hereof.
E. 
Parking area design standards.
(1) 
Access. There shall be adequate provision for ingress and egress to all parking spaces. Access drives or driveways shall be not less than 15 feet wide for either ingress or egress and 24 feet wide for both ingress and egress, except that for residential structures for fewer than three families, access drives or driveways shall be no less than 10 feet wide for both ingress and egress and may be utilized for part or all of the parking area requirements. No driveway or access drive shall be closer than 50 feet to the road lot lines of any two intersecting streets on the same side of the street as the lot in question.
(2) 
Size of aisles. The width of all aisles providing direct access to individual parking stalls shall be in accordance with the requirements set forth below. Only one-way traffic shall be permitted in aisles serving parking spaces placed at an angle other than 90°.
Parking Angle
Aisle Width
(feet)
0° (parallel)
12
30°
12
45°
13
60°
18
90° (perpendicular)
25
(3) 
General location. No off-street parking or loading area shall be located in a minimum required front yard.
(4) 
Location in different zones. No access drive, driveway or other means of ingress and egress shall be located in any residential zone to provide access to uses other than those permitted in such residential zone.
(5) 
Sidewalks and curbing. Sidewalks between parking areas and principal structures along aisles and driveways and wherever pedestrian traffic shall occur shall be provided with a minimum width of four feet of passable area and shall be raised six inches or more above the parking area except when crossing streets or driveways. Guardrails and wheel stops permanently anchored to the ground shall be provided in appropriate locations. Parked vehicles shall not overhang or extend over sidewalk areas, unless an additional sidewalk width of 2 1/2 feet is provided to accommodate such overhang.
(6) 
Other design criteria.
(a) 
Landscaping and drainage.
[1] 
Parking areas shall be suitably landscaped to minimize noise, glare and other nuisance characteristics as well as to enhance the environment and ecology of the site and surrounding area. Said parking areas shall have suitable drainage facilities as required by the Township Engineer.
[2] 
Off-site drainage facilities and structures requiring enlargement, modification or reconstruction resulting in part from, or totally as the result of, the proposed development shall be subject to off-site improvement requirements and standards as established in Chapter 57, Land Development.
(b) 
Lighting. All parking areas shall be lighted to provide a minimum of a total average illumination of 1 1/2 footcandles throughout the parking area. Such lighting shall be shielded in such a manner as not to create a hazard or nuisance to the adjoining properties or the traveling public.
(c) 
Markings and access. Parking stalls, driveways and aisles shall be clearly marked and delineated. The Planning Board may require that certain areas be maintained for firefighting or other emergency purposes, and these areas shall be appropriately designated.
(d) 
Other design requirements. In addition to the standards contained herein, standards governing curbs, sidewalks, drainage, landscaping, lighting, markings, signs, safety features, legal agreements, off-site improvements, bonding and other requirements shall meet the standards established in Chapter 57, Land Development.
A. 
In any zone, in connection with every building or building group or part thereof hereafter erected which is to be occupied by industrial, office and laboratory or commercial uses or distribution by vehicles of material or merchandise, there shall be provided and maintained, on the same lot with such building, off-street loading berths in accordance with the requirements set forth below:
Uses
Floor Area
(square feet)
Loading Berths
Schools
15,000 or more
1
Hospitals and nursing homes (in addition to space for ambulances)
From 10,000 to 30,000
1
For each additional 30,000 or fraction thereof
1 additional
Undertakers and funeral parlors
5,000
1
For each additional 5,000 or fraction thereof
1 additional
Hotels and offices
From 10,000 or more
1
Retail, commercial, planned commercial and industrial development groups; wholesaling, manufacturing and industrial uses
From 5,000 to 15,000
1
From 15,000 to 30,000
2
From 30,000 to 50,000
3
From 50,000 to 75,000
4
For each additional 25,000 or fraction thereof
1 additional
B. 
Each loading space shall be no less than 12 feet in width, 50 feet in length and 14 feet in height and may not occupy any part of any required front, side or rear yard; provided, however, that on lots on which the rear yard abuts a limited-access highway or a railroad, such loading space may occupy the rear yard up to the rear property line.
Off-street parking and loading facilities for separate uses may be provided jointly if the total number of spaces so provided is not less than the sum of the separate requirements for each use, provided that all regulations governing the location of accessory spaces in relation to the use served are adhered to. Further, no accessory space or portion thereof shall serve as a required space for more than one use unless otherwise approved by the Planning Board as provided herein in accordance with the purposes and procedures set forth herein.
A. 
Every parcel of land hereafter used as a public or private off-street parking or loading area shall be maintained in good condition, free of hazards and deterioration. All pavement areas, sidewalks, curbs, drainage facilities, lighting, bumpers, guardrails, markings, signs, landscaping and other improvements shall be maintained in workable, safe and good condition.
B. 
The governing body may authorize repairs for such improvements if, after proper notice, the owner fails to maintain such improvements and such conditions constitute a hazard to health and safety or where such improvements are governed by a development or other similar agreement.
[Amended 10-15-1997 by Ord. No. 23-97]
A. 
Definitions. As used in this section, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
COMMERCIAL VEHICLE
Includes:
(1) 
All commercially licensed vehicles, and/or all vehicles including trailers, with business identification signs or lettering, racks or hangers for exterior tools, ladders, supplies and equipment used for a commercial purpose.
(2) 
All trucks or vans with a payload or rated capacity in excess of 1 1/2 tons or length in excess of 20 feet and all tractors, dump trucks, medium trucks, semitrucks or trailers, tandem trucks, tow trucks, rack body trucks, flatbed trucks and the like.
(3) 
All construction equipment, including but not limited to bulldozers, backhoes, payloaders, cranes, equipment carriers and trailers and similar machines.
(4) 
Any trailer not otherwise fitting within the definition of "commercial vehicle" as used herein shall be treated as a commercial vehicle when attached to such commercial vehicle.
B. 
Except as otherwise provided for herein, the parking or storage of commercial vehicles in a residential zone shall be prohibited.
(1) 
One commercial vehicle may be parked or stored in a residential zone on a property without a garage, or one commercial vehicle may be parked or stored on a property having a garage in a residential zone, provided that the same is contained within a wholly enclosed garage, and in any case such parking or storage shall be as an accessory use to the principal permitted use, and further provided that such commercial vehicle shall not exceed 1 1/2 tons of payload or rated capacity or have a length in excess of 20 feet. Such vehicle shall not engage in commercial uses from the residential zone. This exception shall not apply to tractors, dump trucks, medium trucks, semitrucks or trailers, tandem trucks, tow trucks, rack body trucks, flatbed trucks, construction equipment and the like.
C. 
The provisions of this section shall not apply to:
(1) 
The temporary use for hire of a commercial vehicle at the premises of a client, vendor or customer in the normal course of conducting the activity for which such vehicle is primarily used.
(2) 
In cases of emergency, the parking or storage of commercial vehicles owned or leased by municipal, county or state governmental entities.
(3) 
The parking or storage of commercial vehicles owned or leased by utility authorities duly constituted by statute and municipal vehicles owned by the Township of Morris, provided that such vehicles do not exceed 1 1/2 tons of payload or rated capacity or have a length in excess of 20 feet.
(4) 
The parking or storage of municipal vehicles on municipal property.
D. 
This section shall not in any way be construed as an authorization for the use of the premises not otherwise permitted under this chapter. No preexisting nonconforming use validly existing prior to adoption of any zoning ordinance prohibiting or limiting a use of premises shall be affected by this chapter.
E. 
The terms and conditions of this section shall be enforced by any one or more of the following: the Construction Official, the Zoning Officer, the Township Engineer or the Police Department. The violation of this section shall be punishable as provided in § 95-63 of this chapter.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Amended at time of adoption of Code (see Ch. 1, General Provisions, Art. II).
If any applicant can clearly demonstrate to the Planning Board or if the Planning Board determines that, because of the nature of his operation or use, the parking requirements of this article are unnecessary or excessive, the Planning Board shall have the power to approve a site plan showing less paved parking area than is required by this article; provided, however, that a landscaped area of sufficient size to meet the deficiency shall be set aside and reserved for the purposes of meeting future off-street parking requirements in the event that a change of use or operation of the premises shall make such additional off-street parking spaces necessary.