[Adopted as Ord. No. 122-1990 (Ch. 15, Art. II, Div. 3, of the 1979 Code); amended in its entirety 7-28-2016 by Ord. No. 45-2016]
The reduction of the amount of solid waste and conservation of recyclable materials is an important public concern by reason of the growing problem of solid waste disposal and its impact on the environment. The collection of all types of paper, glass, cans, plastics, yard waste, and other recyclables as defined herein for recycling from residences and/or businesses and institutions and other commercial ventures, and community activities in the City of Scranton will serve the general public interest by:
Reducing the volume of municipal solid waste which must be disposed, thereby reducing storage, collection, transportation and disposal costs of said waste and
Preserving valuable natural resources and landfill space; and save energy, and will result in a financial benefit to the residents and taxpayers of the City of Scranton by reason of the avoided costs realized by volume reduction via recycling. Collection regulations and fees must be established to implement the program, facilitate the accomplishment of its objectives and to encourage the fullest possible citizen participation in the program.
Unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the following words and phrases used throughout this article shall have the following meanings:
- ACT 101
- The Municipal Waste Planning, Recycling and Waste Reduction Act of 1988.
- All products made of aluminum including aluminum cans, foil, wrappers, containers for prepared dinners or other foods, screen frames and lawn chairs, as well as similar types of aluminum products.
- This refers to the City of Scranton.
- COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENT
- This includes a business or institution located in the City.
- COMMUNITY ACTIVITY
- Any special event held in the City with over 200 people in attendance. This includes festivals, picnics, sporting events, parades and similar activities.
- This refers to Lackawanna County.
- Stones, dirt, demolition material, broken concrete, cinder blocks and other similar material.
- Putrescible animal, fish, fowl, fruit or vegetable waste incident to and resulting from the use, preparation, cooking and consumption of food.
- All products made from silica or sand, soda ash and limestone, the product being transparent or translucent and being made for packaging or bottling of various matter and all other material commonly known as glass excluding, however, blue and flat glass commonly known as window glass which are not currently recyclable.
- LEAF AND YARD WASTE
- Leaves, brush, branches, and any yard trimmings including grass clippings. Leaf and yard waste does not include shipping pallets or other wood waste, such as trimmings from wood manufacturing.
- All products made of metal, with the exception of recyclable aluminum and steel/bi metal cans which are recyclable at the curb, including washers, dryers, refrigerators, stoves, hot water heaters, tire rims, springs, bicycles, or scrap metal.
- MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE
- All garbage and refuse normally placed by persons for regular collection by the City of Scranton.
- Paper of the type commonly referred to as newsprint and distributed at stated intervals, usually daily or weekly, having printed news and articles and containing advertisements and other matters of public interest. Magazines, catalogs, phone books, and glossy inserts, along with other periodicals may currently be recycled with newspaper.
- Includes a lessee as well as an owner of a residence, and includes a person, firm or corporation which owns residence.
- Any item made from a synthetic resin material derived from oil, natural gas and comprised of organic polymers which can be molded into a variety of products such as bottles, jars, other types of rigid items, as well as plastic films and other products. Types of plastics may include, but are not limited to, polyester, polyethylene, PVC, and polystyrene. Plastic bottles, jars, and tubs are currently recyclable in the City of Scranton.
- RECYCLABLE PAPER PRODUCTS
- All uncontaminated paper such as used newspaper, magazines, phone books, cardboard boxes, mixed paper, school paper, unwanted mail and brown paper bags and other paper which market conditions deem recyclable.
- Material having an economic value in the secondary materials market. The following materials have such economic value currently: aluminum cans foil containers, steel and bi metal cans, glass bottles and jars, office paper, newspaper, magazines and catalogs, brown paper bags, phone books, other types of paper products including mixed paper; plastic and glass bottles and jars and tubs, leaf and yard waste, and other items as market conditions dictate.
- Any single-family or other residential dwelling or municipal establishment from which the City of Scranton collects municipal solid waste or recyclables.
- Ashes, non-recyclable plastic material, ceramics, window glass, and flat glass, non-putrescible solid waste, nonrecyclable building and construction material, contaminated paper and other similar materials.
The City of Scranton hereby establishes and operates a Source Separation - Resource Recovery Program for the mandatory separation and collection of recyclables and yard waste as defined herein from all residences in the City for which municipal solid waste collection is provided by the City of Scranton. Collection of the materials to be recycled shall be made biweekly by the City of Scranton or their designated agent for recycling purposes.
The Mayor and Council of the City of Scranton are hereby authorized and empowered to establish and promulgate regulations on the manner, days, and times of collections of recyclable materials, and the preparation, handling, location and time of placement of such materials for collection. These may change from time to time depending on labor and vehicle availability.
The occupant or owner of any building within the City of Scranton who shall place for disposal, removal or collection the following named items shall do so in strict conformity with the following regulations:
Commingled containers, bottles, and jars, paper products and yard waste. These items shall be kept separate from other refuse and shall be collected by the City or subcontract by its designated agent. Individual household units shall separate and prepare for collection these materials in the following manner: mixed paper including newspaper, office paper, magazines, catalogs, and phone books shall be kept free of food and other contaminants and placed in paper recycling bins provided by the City; comingled containers shall be emptied, cleaned and separated into the commingled container provided by the City, and separated from paper products and yard waste. Recyclable items are to be collected at times and days designated by the City on a biweekly basis throughout the year.
Paper products and commingled containers, leaf and yard waste. As defined in this article shall not be placed in the same garbage can as or otherwise mixed with other forms of solid waste for collection, removal or disposal.
Brush, leaf and yard waste. Branches shall be tied in bundles not to exceed four feet in length and of a size and weight to be handled by one person on collection crews. Yard waste, brush and leaves may also be placed in large brown leaf and yard waste collection bags which may be purchased at many commercial locations throughout the area. The City collects yard debris for recycling from April through November along with Christmas trees during the holiday season as advertised in the newspaper or on the City website. Brush, leaves and yard waste should be placed curbside for collection at designated collection times. Brush, leaves, and yard waste may also be disposed of by individual home owners and businesses at the Lackawanna County Recycling Center compost site.
Large nonmetal items. Items such as furniture, rugs, mattresses, and other large items shall be placed at curbside on the day designated for collection of such items, and placed out with regular trash collection. The City will not collect electronics at curbside since these items are banned from Pennsylvania landfills. Electronics may be taken to Lackawanna Recycling Center by the individual homeowner or to another authorized recycler. The City will not collect tires from individual residences. These items may be recycled during the Lackawanna County tire recycling collections, or taken to various other authorized recyclers or garages.
Receptacle requirements. Recyclables must be placed in a designated recycling container/receptacle. Recycling containers are available at the Department of Public Works facility during regular business hours at no cost to City residents.
All recyclables as defined by this article and placed for collection by the City under the provisions of this article and any other City regulations shall, from time of placement at the curb, become the property of the City. This article forbids scavenging of recyclables once they are placed at the curb and are the property of the City. Any scavenging of recyclables can be subject to the penalties and fines included in this article.
It shall be a violation of this article, for any person, firm or corporation, other than the City of Scranton or one authorized by the City of Scranton, to collect recyclables or yard debris, placed by a resident for collection by the City. Each unauthorized collection in violation hereof from one or more residence on one calendar day shall constitute a separate and distinct offense punishable as provided by the fee structure in this article.
Any resident may donate or sell newspaper, glass, cans, bottles and other recyclables to any person, firm or corporation, whether operating for profit or not, provided that the receiving person, firm or corporation shall collect such donated recyclable materials from the collection point of a residence. Once at the curb, recyclables are the property of the City of Scranton.
Each commercial establishment, business, institution or municipal entity or building located within the City of Scranton shall employ or contract with its own private hauler for the collection and disposal of garbage, trash, recyclables, tires, white goods, appliances and yard waste and any other items generated at the establishment for each calendar year.
All private trash haulers operating within the City are required by this article to offer recycling to each commercial, municipal, business or institutional customer in accordance with the items required under Act 101 that is corrugated cardboard, office paper, aluminum cans and leaf waste. Nothing in this article shall prohibit private haulers from offering additional recyclables to customers and they are encouraged to do so.
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 4000.101 et seq.
Each commercial establishment, business or municipal entity or institution must recycle at least once each month.
Each commercial establishment, business, municipal entity and institution in the City shall at a minimum, recycle items required by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania under Act 101, or specified by any subsequent Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, or Federal government, mandate or law covering commercial recycling. The items to be recycled currently include corrugated cardboard, office paper, and aluminum cans, as well as any leaf waste if these items are generated by the establishment. Any commercial establishment, business or institution which is collected by the City, may recycle any items collected from its residential customers in addition to those required under Act 101 as delineated above.
As a business, each landlord must provide for trash disposal and recycling for the tenants in their buildings. Recyclables collected must conform to this article and the requirements of Act 101 namely corrugated cardboard, office paper, aluminum cans and leaf waste if any is generated. Landlords are encouraged to recycle additional items if feasible.
Landlords must offer recycling in multi-family residential units. They must recycle all items that the City requires for residential recycling programs.
Each commercial establishment, business, municipal, institution or landlord of a multi family or multi-business or office complex located in the City must return to the City an annual recycling report during the first quarter of each calendar year listing the amounts recycled during the previous calendar year. These reports must include weight slips or report totals signed by the hauler or recycling center. These totals will be used by the City in reporting to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the required annual report and for Act 101, Section 904 performance grant purposes.
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 4000.904.
A commercial establishment, business or institution may haul or drop off their own recycling at a recycling center provided they receive a weight slip which should be provided to the City yearly during the first quarter of each year.
All community activities and special events held in the City must recycle the same items as are required of commercial establishments if these items are generated during the event. Special events may include festivals, parades, sporting events, carnivals, picnics, and other similar events.
It shall be unlawful for any persons to combine any recyclables with trash for the purpose of collection and disposal. The City requires that all recyclables collected should be marketed at a recycling facility rather than disposed of as solid waste.
No persons shall place or deposit litter, trash or waste in public receptacles or other person's private residential or commercial, business or institutional refuse receptacles except in such a manner as to prevent it from being scattered or carried by the elements to any street, sidewalk or other public places or private premises.
It shall be unlawful for any persons to dispose of their appliances, ashes, garbage, recyclables, refuse, rubbish, tires, white goods, and yard waste in an area owned or controlled by another person, commercial unit, business, institution, or the City.
It shall be unlawful for any persons bringing appliances, ashes, garbage, recyclables, refuse, rubbish, tires, white goods, and yard waste generated outside of the City of Scranton into the City.
Any persons found to be in violation of an sections of this article shall be subject to a fine not to exceed $300. Each day that violation continues after notice of violation has been served shall be deemed a separate offense.