Township of Upper Merion, PA
Montgomery County
By using eCode360 you agree to be legally bound by the Terms of Use. If you do not agree to the Terms of Use, please do not use eCode360.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
The standards of design in this Article should be used to judge the adequacy of land development and/or subdivision proposals. Where, after application by the developer, it is proven that a literal application of these standards in certain cases would work undue hardship or be plainly unreasonable, the Board of Supervisors may, in its sole discretion, grant such reasonable exceptions as will not be contrary to the public interest. In reviewing applications for exception, the Board of Supervisors shall be guided by the standards set forth in the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code[1] for zoning hearing boards to follow in the granting of variances.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 53 P.S. § 10101 et seq.
[Amended 6-15-1987 by Ord. No. 87-517]
The developer shall construct and install with no expense to the Township all streets, curbs, sidewalks, water mains, sanitary sewers, stormwater sewers and basins, streetlights, fire hydrants, street signs and other facilities and utilities specified in this Article. Construction and installation of such facilities shall be subject to inspection by appropriate officials during the progress of the work.
[Amended 6-15-1987 by Ord. No. 87-517]
The following principles of land development and/or subdivision, general requirements and minimum standards of design shall be observed by the developer in all instances:
A. 
Flood-prone areas shall be developed in strict compliance with the standards and requirements of § 145-23 herein and Article XXXII of Chapter 165, Zoning.
B. 
Where no public water supply is available to the developer, the Board of Supervisors may require the developer to obtain from the appropriate official of the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources certificates of approval as to the adequacy and quality of the water supply the developer proposes to utilize and approval of the type and construction methods to be employed in the installation of the individual water supply systems.
C. 
Where the land development and/or subdivision is inaccessible to the public wastewater system, the developer shall obtain from the appropriate official of the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources certificates of approval of the sewage disposal facilities that the developer proposes to provide. Such sewage disposal facilities shall comply with the provisions of all applicable Township ordinances.
D. 
The proposed land development and/or subdivision shall be coordinated with the existing nearby neighborhood so that the community as a whole may develop harmoniously.
E. 
All electric, telephone and communication utility services shall be provided by underground cables installed in accordance with the prevailing standards or practices of the utility or other company providing such services. Where it is demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Board of Supervisors that the underground installation of utility services is not feasible because of physical conditions of the lands involved, all utility service facilities which are within the right-of-way of a street shall be located as specified by the Board of Supervisors.
[Amended 6-15-1987 by Ord. No. 87-517]
A. 
General standards.
(1) 
The location and width of all public streets shall conform to the Official Highway Classification Map of the Township.
(2) 
The proposed public street system shall extend existing public streets at the same or greater width, but in no case less than the required width.
(3) 
When the development abuts an existing public street of improper width or alignment, the Township may require the dedication of sufficient land to widen the street or correct the alignment.
B. 
Grading. The shoulders shall be graded to the full width of the right-of-way, and provisions shall be made for slopes beyond the right-of-way unless adequate permanent drainage is provided.
C. 
Right-of-way width and paving width.
(1) 
Streets. The minimum widths of the rights-of-way and paving of streets which shall be continuations of existing streets shall be equal to that of the existing street or shall conform to the requirements of Subsection E herein, whichever requirement is greater. The minimum widths of the rights-of-way and paving of streets which shall not be continuations of existing streets shall be in accordance with the requirements of Subsection E herein.
(2) 
Cul-de-sac. A cul-de-sac shall not be approved when a through street is practicable. A cul-de-sac shall not be more than 500 feet in length. A cul-de-sac having a right-of-way of 50 feet or greater in width shall have a circular turnabout with a minimum right-of-way radius of 50 feet and an outer paving radius of 40 feet.
D. 
Intersections.
(1) 
Right-of-way. Whenever practicable, right-of-way lines shall intersect at right angles and shall be rounded by a tangential arc having a minimum radius of eight feet.
(2) 
Curb. Whenever practicable, curblines shall be rounded by a tangential arc, the minimum radius of which shall be 20 feet. The grade lines of the curbs at intersections shall intersect if the tangents are extended.
(3) 
Primary arterial streets. Whenever practicable, intersections with primary arterial streets shall be kept to a minimum and shall be located at least 1,000 feet apart.
E. 
Alignment and design guidelines. Alignment and design shall be as follows:
Alignment and Design Guidelines
Roadway Classification
Criteria
Primary Arterial
Arterial and Primary Collector
Collector and Feeder
Local
Design speed (mph)
60
50
40
30
Number of travel lanes
4 (minimum)
4
2
2
Lane widths (feet)
Through lanes
12
12
12
10
Turning lanes
12
11
10
 — 
Curb lanes
14
14
14
12
Roadway width (minimum)
No parking (feet)
52
52
28
24
Parking, 1 side (feet)
 — 
58
34
30
Parking, 2 sides (feet)
 — 
64
40
36
Median width (feet)
16 (minimum)
 — 
 — 
 — 
Shoulder width, paved (feet)
10
10
8
6
Cross slope (feet per foot)
.02/.06
.02/.06
.02/.06
.02/.06
Horizontal clearance, beyond edge of road (feet)
14
14
2
2
Horizontal curvature
Desirable
4° 30'
4° 30'
11° 30'
21° 00'
Maximum
11° 30'
11° 30'
21° 00'
30° 00'
Vertical grade
Desirable (percent)
5
6
4
4
Range (percent)
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
Sight distance (minimum)
Stopping (feet)
475
350
275
200
Passing (feet)
2,100
1,800
1,500
1,100
Intersection for passenger cars (feet)
875
570
440
250
Intersection curb radii, minimum (feet)
50
35
25
20
Right-of-way width
Typical (feet)
100
80
60
50
At intersection, within 300 (feet)
120-140
100
80
50
F. 
Street names and signs. No street name shall be used which duplicates or will be confused with the name of an existing street. Existing street names shall be projected whenever possible. Signposts and nameplates approved by the Township shall be placed at street intersections.
G. 
Obstructions. No fences, hedges, walks, planting or other obstruction shall be located within the right-of-way.
H. 
Streetlights. Poles or standards for streetlights shall be of a type meeting utility company standards and approved by the Township. Poles or standards shall be erected in a manner approved by the Township.
[Amended 6-15-1987 by Ord. No. 87-517; 5-6-2004 by Ord. No. 2004-735]
A. 
Where applicable. Private streets may be provided in residential, commercial and industrial zoning districts.
B. 
Alignment and design standards. Private streets shall conform to the same standards as public streets, including right-of-way width and paved width, as set forth in Article III of this chapter.
C. 
Turning area. A dead-end private street shall not be approved unless adequate turning area at the dead end is provided.
A. 
Where required. Sidewalks shall be provided along heavily traveled streets, in the vicinity of schools, where lot widths are less than 90 feet and at any other location where the Board of Supervisors shall determine that sidewalks are necessary for public safety or convenience.
B. 
Construction. Sidewalks shall not be less than four feet in width and four inches in thickness and not less than eight inches thick at driveways. Concrete shall conform to Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Specification Form 408, dated 1970, and all supplements thereto for Class A cement concrete using air-entraining cement and shall have a minimum ultimate twenty-eight-day compressive strength of 3,500 pounds per square inch. All concrete shall be cured by the use of an approved white pigmented curing compound. See Drawing L-1 approved.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Drawing L-1, Standard Details for Concrete Curb, Roadway, Sidewalk and Driveway, is on file in the office of the Township Manager.
C. 
Location. Sidewalks shall be located in the shoulder strip and as far from the curb as practicable. The grade and paving of the sidewalk shall be continuous across driveways.
A. 
Length. Blocks in excess of 1,320 feet in length will not be approved in absence of special conditions requiring a greater length.
B. 
Width. Whenever practicable, blocks shall be of such width as will provide two tiers of lots of the minimum size permitted under the applicable zoning classification.
C. 
Crosswalk. In blocks over 800 feet long, a crosswalk not less than 10 feet wide and with paving not less than four feet may be required at or near the middle of the block. Crosswalks may also be required where necessary to provide access to schools, churches and business sections.
A. 
Depth. Lots excessively deep in relation to width are to be avoided. A proportion of two and one-half to one (2 1/2:1) is generally regarded as a proper maximum for lots 60 feet or more in width.
B. 
Width. The width of a lot shall be that width in feet specified for the applicable zoning district as provided for in the Upper Merion Zoning Ordinance of 1942, as amended.[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 165, Zoning.
C. 
Frontage. Every lot shall have a front lot line of at least 50 feet along the right-of-way line of a street.
D. 
Sidelines. Whenever practicable, the side lines of a lot shall be at right angles or radial to the right-of-way line.
E. 
House numbers. House numbers shall be assigned by the Township.
[Amended 6-15-1987 by Ord. No. 87-517]
Common open space shall be provided as required in the Upper Merion Zoning Ordinance.[1] ln addition, the developer shall give consideration to the provision of suitable recreational areas and the preservation of natural features, including notable trees, groves, waterways, wetlands, scenic points, historic spots and other community assets.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 165, Zoning.
Reserve strips controlling access to streets or alleys will not be approved.
A. 
Monuments. Monuments of stone or concrete shall be placed at street intersections, angle points, beginning and ending of all curves and at such other locations along the right-of-way lines as the Township Engineer shall designate, and all such monuments shall be shown on the record plan.
B. 
Lot pins. Lot pins of three-fourths-inch iron rod shall be placed at all lot corners.
[Amended 6-15-1987 by Ord. No. 87-517; 12-17-1998 by Ord. No. 98-678]
All subdivisions and land developments shall comply with the stormwater management requirements in Chapter 140 of the Township Code, the Stormwater, Grading and Erosion Control Ordinance.
Bridges and culverts shall be designed to support expected loads, to carry expected flows and to be constructed to the full width of the right-of-way.
A. 
General. All street paving, concrete curbing and sidewalks shall be constructed both as to materials and methods in accordance with the specifications set forth in Drawing L-1, Revision A, attached hereto and made a part hereof.[1] Sizes and dimensions shall be as set forth in these regulations. All materials shall be approved by the Township Engineer.
[Amended 6-15-1987 by Ord. No. 87-517]
[1]
Editor's Note: Drawing L-1, Standard Details for Concrete Curb, Roadway, Sidewalk and Driveway, is on file in the office of the Township Manager.
B. 
Paving.
(1) 
Bituminous concrete paving shall have a minimum total compacted depth of 10 inches, consisting of a two-inch subbase of two-inch 2A Type C stone and five inches compacted depth of bituminous concrete base course conforming to Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Specification Form 408, dated 1970, and all supplements thereto, and three inches compacted depth of ID-2A or ID-2 bituminous concrete (two-inch binder and one-inch wearing) conforming to Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Specification Form 408, dated 1970, Sections 420 and 421, and all supplements thereto.
(2) 
Subgrade shall be shaped according to lines, grades and widths shown on drawings and cross sections or as otherwise directed. Subgrade shall be compacted to not less than 100% of the determined dry weight density, determined in accordance with AASHO Designation T-99 Method C. In-place density or compaction will be determined in accordance with AASHO Designation T-191. If material used for subgrade is too coarse to determine density by the above means, density will be determined by the Engineer based on nonmovement of material under specified compaction equipment. Subgrade shall be checked by the Engineer for lines, grade, crown and contour before any succeeding courses are placed.
(3) 
Bituminous concrete base course shall be mixed, delivered, placed and protected as per Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Specification Form 408, dated 1970, Section 305, and all supplements thereto. The base shall be primed with 1/4 gallon to 1/2 gallon per square yard of Pennsylvania DL-2 bituminous material. The amount of priming required shall be determined by Upper Merion Township officials. The priming of the base shall be allowed to cure for a minimum of 48 hours (weather permitting) before the surface course is applied. No traffic shall be permitted to travel over the street or road under construction during the curing period.
(4) 
ID-2A or ID-2 bituminous concrete shall be placed in two courses, two-inch binder compacted depth and one-inch wearing compacted depth. All material shall be placed with a mechanical paving machine, such as Barber Greene or an approved equal. All wearing surface courses shall be sealed to the concrete curb with a one-foot-wide Grade BM-1 or A-1 bituminous gutter seal.
(5) 
Crown board and straightedge shall be used for checking during paving operation.
(6) 
Duplicate delivery slips for all materials will be required. These slips will become the property of the Township.
C. 
Curbing and sidewalk.
(1) 
Concrete curb and sidewalk shall be constructed in accordance with ordinance.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 141, Streets and Sidewalks, Art. II, Sidewalk, Curb and Driveway Specifications.
(2) 
Concrete curb and sidewalk shall be constructed along all existing streets and roads and along both sides of a new interior street unless the Board of Supervisors shall otherwise direct that this construction shall be postponed or eliminated.
A. 
Where required. Whenever practicable sanitary sewers shall be installed and connected to the Township sanitary sewer system.
B. 
Size and grade. Sanitary sewers shall have a minimum inside diameter of eight inches and a minimum grade of 0.5%.
C. 
Manholes. Manholes shall be located at intervals of 250 feet and at each change of line or grade. In exceptional cases, the interval may be extended to not more than 300 feet. Manhole frames, covers, buckets and steps shall be according to the Township requirements.
D. 
Laterals. Lateral connections shall be extended to the right-of-way line whenever their need can be anticipated. Each building shall have a separate connection to the sewer, except that garages accessory to dwellings may be connected to the dwelling line.
E. 
Capped sewers. Where connection with an existing sanitary sewer is not possible or where connection with an existing sanitary sewer is not practicable but a sanitary sewer system in the area will be necessary or desirable within a reasonable time, due to either existing conditions or improvements proposed for the district, sanitary sewers and sewer laterals shall be installed in accordance with an agreement between the developer and the Upper Merion Township Authority, said agreement to include but not to be limited to the following:
[Amended 5-11-1964 by Ord. No. 138]
(1) 
Approval of a plan showing all sanitary sewers proposed with point of intended connection to the sewer system.
(2) 
Provision for payment of costs of approving plans as well as field inspection costs of the Authority and/or Township.
(3) 
Provision for dedication of sewer mains, laterals, easements, etc., to the Authority.
(4) 
Provision for submission of as-built drawings of sewers to the Authority and Township.
F. 
Draining easement. A right-of-way easement of not less than 40 feet wide shall be provided along natural watercourses, where required by the Board of Supervisors, in order to enable the Township to construct and maintain sanitary and storm sewers.
[Amended 11-14-1977 by Res. No. 77-36; 6-15-1987 by Ord. No. 87-517[1]; 12-17-1998 by Ord. No. 98-678]
All subdivisions and land developments shall comply with the grading and erosion and sedimentation control requirements in Chapter 140 of the Township Code, the Stormwater, Grading and Erosion Control Ordinance.
[1]
Editor's Note: This ordinance also repealed original Subsections (d) through (h), regarding additional sedimentation and soil erosion control requirements, which immediately followed this subsection.
A. 
The regulations contained herein shall apply in those areas identified as flood-prone in the Flood Insurance Study and accompanying Flood Insurance Rate Map, dated December 19, 1996, for Upper Merion Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, as prepared by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and any other area designated as such by the Township. The Flood Boundary-Floodway Map shall be available in the Upper Merion Township Building for inspection. In regard to the adopted Floodplain Conservation District, the regulations contained herein shall apply to those areas defined and established as flood-prone.
[Amended 12-19-1996 by Ord. No. 96-656]
B. 
The regulations contained herein are intended to conform to the requirements of Section 1910.3d of the National Flood Insurance Program, P.L. 93-234. Furthermore, it is the purpose of these regulations to:
(1) 
Regulate the subdivision and development of flood-prone land areas in order to promote the general health, welfare and safety of the community.
(2) 
Require that each subdivision lot or development site in flood-prone areas be provided with a safe building site with adequate access and that public facilities which serve such sites be designed and installed to preclude flood damage at the time of initial construction.
(3) 
Protect individuals from buying lands which are unsuitable for use because of flood hazards by prohibiting the subdivision and development of unprotected flood-prone areas.
(4) 
Maintain the certification of Upper Merion Township and the eligibility of the property owners in the Township for the benefits of the National Flood Insurance Program, P.L. 93-234.
C. 
Prospective developers shall consult with the Township Engineer to make a determination as to whether or not the proposed subdivision or land development is located within an identified flood-prone area.
D. 
Where not prohibited by this chapter or any other codes or ordinances, land located in flood-prone area(s) may be subdivided or developed with the provision that the developer construct all buildings and structures to preclude flood damage in accordance with this chapter and any other codes or ordinances regulating such development.
E. 
The Township Supervisors may, when it is deemed necessary for the health, comfort, safety or welfare of the present and future population of the area and necessary facilities, restrict subdivision or development of any portion of the property which lies within the floodplain of any stream or drainage course.
F. 
The finished elevation of proposed streets within flood-prone areas shall be no more than two feet below the base flood elevation. Drainage openings shall be sufficient to discharge flood flows without unduly increasing flood heights.
G. 
Storm drainage facilities shall be designed to convey the flow of surface waters without risk to persons or property. The drainage system shall ensure drainage at all points along streets and ensure conveyance of drainage away from buildings. The Township Supervisors may require an underground system to accommodate a one-hundred-year flood and a secondary surface system to accommodate larger, less frequent floods. Drainage plans shall be consistent with local and regional drainage plans. The facilities shall be designed to prevent the discharge of excess runoff onto adjacent properties.
H. 
All new or replacement sanitary sewer systems, whether public or private, located in flood-prone areas shall be floodproofed up to a point 1 1/2 feet above the base flood elevation.
I. 
All new or replacement water systems, whether public or private, in flood-prone areas shall be floodproofed to a point 1 1/2 feet above the base flood elevation.
J. 
All other new or replacement public or private utilities and facilities in flood-prone areas shall be elevated or floodproofed to a point 1 1/2 feet above the base flood elevation.
K. 
Waivers. Guidelines for relaxation from the requirements set forth in this section are as follows:
(1) 
A waiver shall not be issued within any designated regulatory floodway if any increase in flood levels during the base flood discharge would result.
(2) 
A waiver shall only be issued if there is:
(a) 
A showing of good and sufficient cause.
(b) 
A determination that failure to relax the requirements would result in exceptional hardship to the applicant.
(c) 
A determination that the relaxing of a requirement will not result in increased flood heights, additional threats to public safety, extraordinary public expense, create nuisances, cause fraud on or victimization of the public or conflict with existing local laws or ordinances.
(3) 
A waiver shall only be issued upon a determination that the waiver is the minimum necessary, considering the flood hazard, to afford relief.
(4) 
The Township shall maintain a record of all waivers, including justification for their issuance, and report such decisions issued in its annual report submitted to the Federal Insurance Administrator.
[Added 6-1-1987 by Ord. No. 87-509]
A. 
Parking areas within which four or more required parking spaces are provided shall be designed, laid out and clearly marked with four-inch-wide double paint lines, spaced one foot clear between lines. The stall width shall be measured from the center line of the double lines. The following angles and dimensions shall be complied with, and no angle of parking shall be less than 45° unless parallel to the curbline.
(1) 
General requirements.
[Amended 8-12-1993 by Ord. No. 93-617]
Center to Center Width of 2-Row Bin With Access Road Between (-)
Parking Angle
Stall Width
Stall to Curb 19- Foot Stall
(feet)
Aisle Width
(feet)
Curb Length
(feet)
Curb to Curb
(feet)
Overlap Curb to Curb
(feet)
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
Parallel
8 feet
0 inches
8.0
12.0 per lane
23.0
 — 
 — 
45°
One-way
9 feet
6 inches
20.1
15.0
13.4
55.2
48.5
60°
One-way
9 feet
6 inches
21.2
18.0
11.0
60.4
55.6
90°
9 feet
6 inches
19.0
24.0
9.5
62.0
 — 
All angles and dimensions shall be measured as indicated in the accompanying Figure A.
(2) 
Regional shopping center parking space dimensions, subject to § 165-124 of Ch. 165, Zoning.
[Added 8-12-1993 by Ord. No. 93-617]
Center to Center Width of 2-Row Bin With Access Road Between
Parking Angle
Stall Width
(feet)
17.5-Foot Stall
(feet)
Aisle Width
(feet)
Curb Length
(feet)
Curb to Curb
(feet)
Overlap Curb to Curb
(feet)
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
45°
One-way
9
8.5
16.5
16.5
15
15
12.7
12.0
48
48
44
44
60°
One-way
9
8.5
18
18
18
18
10.4
9.8
54
54
51
51
75°
One-way
9
8.5
18.5
18.5
21
21
9.3
8.8
58
58
56
56
90°
9
8.5
17.5
17.5
25
25
9.0
8.5
60
60
60
60
B. 
Design criteria.
[Amended 6-6-1996 by Ord. No. 96-646A]
(1) 
Parking areas designated to be accessible to the physically handicapped are required to meet the design criteria contained in Figure B of this section and additional requirements of a minimum of a five-foot-wide rectangle for ninety-degree parking stalls or a five-foot-wide trapezoid corresponding to the parking angles provided for in this section. Each rectangle or trapezoid shall contain four-inch diagonal striping on center lines of 36 inches.
Legend
A.
Stall length = 19 feet 6 inches.
B.
Stall width = 9 feet 6 inches.
C.
Handicap access zone = 5 feet 0 inches.
D.
Total per vehicle width = 14 feet 6 inches.
(2) 
Each parking space reserved for the physically handicapped shall be identified by signs complying with Section 3354 of the Pennsylvania Motor Vehicle Code.
C. 
Parking areas will have a minimum grade of 1% to prevent pooling of stormwater runoff. No parking areas shall have a grade in excess of 3% in areas longitudinal to parking stalls and 5% in cross slope areas and circulation lanes. In areas of excessive slope, terraced parking with stabilized front slopes are required.
D. 
For all parking areas of four or more required parking spaces and all loading areas provided on any single lot or premises, there shall be no more than two access drives crossing the street right-of-way line along any single street. The center lines of such drives shall be at least 80 feet apart. On all corner properties, the center lines of such drives shall be at least 60 feet from the street right-of-way of the parallel intersecting street. The width of such access drives shall be a minimum of 12 feet for one-way use only, a minimum of 20 feet for two-way use and a maximum of 40 feet at the street right-of-way line.
E. 
Except within 10 feet of the street right-of-way, all such parking areas and all loading areas shall also be screened from adjacent areas which are zoned or used for residential purposes by a landscaped area of at least eight feet in width, with plant suitable to attain a minimum height of six feet within three growing seasons, or an opaque fence of at least six feet in height. Such screening shall be provided in such a way that a clear view is continuously restricted from the adjacent areas. Within 10 feet of street rights-of-way, any screening provided shall not be greater than two feet in height.
F. 
(Reserved)[1]
[1]
Editor's Note: Former Subsection F, Landscaping, as amended 8-12-1993 by Ord. No. 93-617, was repealed 8-9-2001 by Ord. No. 2001-714.
G. 
All such parking areas and all loading areas shall be designed in such a way that motor vehicles are neither required nor encouraged to back into a public street. Except for parking areas with attendants that park vehicles, parking areas for four or more vehicles shall be designed so that each motor vehicle may proceed to and from a parking space without requiring the moving of any other motor vehicle.
H. 
All such parking areas and all loading areas, except those portions used and maintained for landscaping and screening, shall be graded and surfaced with asphalt or other suitable material to the extent necessary to prevent dust and erosion. Such areas shall also be drained in conformance with municipal standards to prevent excessive water flow onto streets or adjoining property. All parking spaces in such parking areas shall be clearly delineated.
I. 
All artificial lighting used to illuminate a parking or loading area shall be arranged to prevent glare onto adjoining properties.
[Added 6-6-1988 by Ord. No. 88-533; 8-12-1993 by Ord. No. 93-617; 8-9-2001 by Ord. No. 2001-714]
A. 
Legislative intent. It is the intent of this section to conserve existing healthy plant communities and require new landscape plantings in areas of new development and redevelopment in order to:
(1) 
Reduce soil erosion and protect surface water quality by minimizing stripping of existing woodlands or tree masses.
(2) 
Reduce stormwater runoff velocity and volume by providing planting areas where stormwater can infiltrate.
(3) 
Improve air quality by conserving existing or creating new plantings, which produce oxygen and remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
(4) 
Provide animal habitat.
(5) 
Provide windbreaks, shade and other microclimate benefits of trees and landscape plantings.
(6) 
Conserve historically, culturally or environmentally important landscape such has wooded hillside, scenic views, or aesthetic natural areas.
(7) 
Preserve and enhance property values through the implementation of good landscape architectural standards.
(8) 
Provide planted buffers between land developments, which act to visually integrate a development into the existing landscaping.
(9) 
Provide planted and architectural visual screens around visually obtrusive site elements within development.
(10) 
Enhance the aesthetic appearance of the community and provide privacy and beauty.
(11) 
Improve traffic flow in parking lots by requiring planted parking islands and medians to separate traffic.
(12) 
Conserve energy by moderating solar radiation and providing shade.
(13) 
Improve the environment for pedestrians along streets, parking lots, and other pedestrian areas.
(14) 
Aesthetically improve stormwater management facilities, such as detention basins, without impairing function.
B. 
Applicability. All subdivision and land developments shall comply with the standards of this article.
(1) 
A landscape plan shall be submitted as part of a preliminary plan or final plan (if not preceded by a preliminary plan). The landscape plan shall be prepared by a qualified professional such as landscape architect, horticulturist, urban forester, nurseryman or landscape designer.
(2) 
The landscape plan shall depict a planting design that mitigates the impacts of the proposed site activity, is coordinated with the proposed development and with the surrounding community character, and complies with at least the minimum planting requirements of this article.
C. 
Preservation and protection of existing vegetation.
(1) 
Preservation of existing vegetation. Each mature tree, tree mass, or woodland on the site shall be designated "to remain" or "to be removed" in accordance with the following criteria:
(a) 
All subdivision and land developments shall be laid out in such a manner as minimize the removal and/or disturbance of healthy trees and shrubs on the site. Special consideration shall be given to mature specimen trees and ecologically significant woodlands.
(b) 
Removal or disturbance of vegetation in environmentally sensitive areas, including wetlands, floodplains, steep slopes, riparian corridors, PNDI wildlife habitats, and ecologically significant woodlands, shall be undertaken only as permitted in Subsection C(2) to minimize the adverse effects of such actions.
(c) 
The applicant shall prove to the satisfaction of the Board of Supervisors that vegetation removal is minimized.
(d) 
Each freestanding mature tree, tree mass, or woodland on the site shall be designated "to remain" or "to be removed" in accordance with the following criteria:
[1] 
A mature tree, tree mass or woodland shall be designated "to remain" only if it meets all of the following criteria:
[a] 
The outermost branches of the tree(s) are at least five feet or the trunk of the tree at least 20 feet, whichever is greater, from any proposed buildings, structures, paving, parking or utilities (overhead or underground).
[b] 
The outermost branches of the tree(s) are at least five feet or the trunk of the tree at least 20 feet, whichever is greater, from any proposed changes in grade or drainage such as excavations, mounding, or impediments.
[c] 
The tree(s) is clear of any proposed sight triangles and does not, by its location or apparent health, pose any undue threat to the health, safety and welfare of the community.
[d] 
Existing drainage patterns and water supply for the protected vegetation shall be maintained to the greatest degree feasible.
[2] 
Mature trees, tree masses, or woodlands which do not fit the above criteria shall be designated "to be removed." These trees will be removed in the field during the construction process.
(2) 
Protection of existing vegetation. Existing vegetation designated "to remain" in accordance with Subsection C(1) above " as part of the landscaping of a subdivision or land development shall be identified in the field prior to any clearing and shall be physically protected throughout the construction process. A temporary, sturdy physical barrier, such as a snow fence, shall be erected a minimum of one foot outside the dripline or a minimum of 20 feet from the tree's trunk, whichever is greater, on all sides of freestanding trees, tree masses or woodlands prior to major clearing or construction. The barrier shall be placed to prevent disturbance to or compaction of soil inside the barrier and shall remain until construction is complete. The barrier shall be shown on the erosion and sedimentation control plan and the landscape plan. Reference to the installation of tree protection should be included in the sequence of construction notes to insure incorporation of tree protection before the earliest stages of site disturbance.
(3) 
Credit for preserved trees.
(a) 
Requirements for street trees and buffer plantings may be met, whenever possible, by preserving existing trees. Credit for existing trees which are "to remain," as determined in Subsection C(1)(d), to offset either street tree or buffer planting requirements are to be calculated as follows:
Preserved Tree
(dbh in inches)
Number of Trees Credited
(two-and-one-half-inch caliper)
36 or greater
8
18 to 35
6
12 to 17
4
8 to 11
2
(4) 
Tree replacement planting requirements.
(a) 
Each mature tree having a diameter of 12 inches or more, measured six inches above the ground, which is to be removed, shall be replaced with a similar type tree as specified in this section.
(b) 
Replacement trees shall be planted on the site to mitigate for the existing tree removals, in addition to other landscaping requirements. Proposed replacement tree plantings shall be listed on the plan.
(c) 
If the site does not contain enough room to accommodate the required replacement trees, the Board of Supervisors may allow the developer to locate some or all of the replacement trees on public lands or accept an equivalent fee-in-lieu of plantings, at its discretion.
D. 
Parking lot landscaping.
(1) 
Parking lots should be effectively landscaped with trees and shrubs to reduce visual impact of glare, headlights, and parking lot lights; to delineate driving lanes; and define rows of parking. Furthermore, parking lots should be adequately landscaped to provide shade in order to reduce the amount of reflected heat and to improve the aesthetics of parking lots.
(2) 
All parking lots with 10 or more stalls shall be landscaped according to the following regulations.
(a) 
One tree shall be provided for every 10 parking stalls. No more than 20 parking spaces shall be permitted in a contiguous row without being interrupted by a landscape break containing at least one tree.
(b) 
The ends of all parking rows shall be divided from drive aisles by planting islands.
(c) 
In residential developments, parking lots shall be divided by planting strips into smaller areas of no more than 40 stalls.
(d) 
In nonresidential developments, parking lots shall be divided by planting strips into smaller parking areas of no more than 100 stalls.
(e) 
Planting islands shall be a minimum of nine feet by 18 feet in area, underlain by soil, graded for proper drainage and protected by either curbing, wheel stops or bollards. Each planting aisle shall contain one shade tree, plus shrubs, plus low growing shrubs and/or ground covers to cover the entire area.
(f) 
All planting strips shall be a minimum of 10 feet wide, exclusive of required walkways. Strips shall run the entire length of the parking row, be underlain with soil, graded for proper drainage, and protected by curbing, wheel stops or bollards. Planting strips shall contain plantings of shade trees at intervals of 30 feet, plus shrubs and/or ground covers to cover the entire area.
(g) 
The placement of light standards shall be coordinated with the landscape plan to avoid a conflict with the effectiveness of the light fixtures.
(3) 
All parking lots shall be screened from public roads and from adjacent properties as required in Subsection G.
E. 
Street trees.
(1) 
Street trees shall be required:
(a) 
Along all existing streets when they abut or lie within the proposed subdivision or land development except where existing trees serve to meet the planting requirement.
(b) 
Along all proposed streets.
(c) 
Along access driveways that serve five or more residential dwelling units.
(d) 
Along access driveways that serve two or more nonresidential properties.
(e) 
Along major walkways through parking lots and between nonresidential buildings, as recommended by the Planning Commission and required by the Board of Supervisors.
(2) 
Street trees shall be located between the ultimate right-of-way line and building setback line and shall meet the following standards:
(a) 
Trees shall be planted a minimum distance of five feet and maximum distance of 15 feet outside the ultimate right-of-way line. However, in certain cases, as follows, the Board of Supervisors may permit trees to be planted within the ultimate right-of-way:
[1] 
In areas, such as existing neighborhoods, where front yards may be located within the ultimate right-of-way.
[2] 
In cases where closely spaced rows of trees may be desirable and future street widening is considered unlikely.
(b) 
In nonresidential developments, trees shall be located within a planting bed within the front yard setback, at least 10 feet in width, planted with shrubs and ground covers.
(c) 
Trees shall be planted so as not to interfere with the installation of and maintenance of sidewalks and utilities. Trees shall be planted a minimum distance of three feet from curbs and sidewalks, 12 feet from overhead utilities, and six feet from underground utilities.
(d) 
Trees shall be planted at a rate of at least one tree per 40 linear feet of frontage or fraction thereof. Trees shall be distributed along the entire frontage of the property, although they need not be evenly spaced.
(e) 
Trees shall comply with the requirements of Subsection J.
F. 
Stormwater basins and associated facilities. Landscaping shall be required in and around all stormwater management basins according to the following:
(1) 
All areas of stormwater management basins, including basin floors, side slopes, berms, impoundment structures, or other earth structures, shall be planted with suitable vegetation such as meadow plantings or lawn grass specifically suited for stormwater basins.
(a) 
Trees and shrubs shall be planted in and around stormwater basins given they do not interfere in the proper function of the basin and no trees are planted on or within 30 feet of an outlet/drain structure, emergency spillway or dam. A minimum of two trees and 10 shrubs per 100 linear feet of basin perimeter shall be planted in and around the basin. The basin perimeter shall be measured at the elevation at the top of the berm.
(b) 
Naturalized ground cover plant species, such as wildflowers, meadows, or nonaggressive grasses specifically designed for the permanently wet, intermittently wet, and usually dry areas of stormwater basins, shall be seeded in the floors and slopes of the basin given:
[1] 
The plantings provide a continuous cover to all areas of the basin.
[2] 
The plantings do not interfere in the safe and efficient function of the basin as determined by the Township Engineer.
(c) 
Lawn grass areas may be sodded or hydroseeded to minimize erosion during the establishment period. Once established, these turfgrass areas shall be maintained at a height of not more than six inches.
(2) 
Basin shape shall incorporate curvilinear features to blend with the surrounding topography.
(3) 
Stormwater basins shall be screened with landscaping from adjacent properties according to Subsection G.
G. 
Buffers and screens. Buffer plantings shall be installed in subdivision and land developments to integrate new development with its surroundings, to separate incompatible land uses by providing screening and to minimize or eliminate views to certain site elements in compliance with the following regulations:
(1) 
Buffer plantings shall be required in for the following types of development and as otherwise specified in the Zoning Ordinance.[1]
(a) 
All nonresidential development.
(b) 
All multifamily and single-family attached development.
(c) 
All single-family detached cluster development.
(d) 
Construction of any of the following items which exceed 4,000 square feet in ground coverage:
[1] 
Public utility facilities or structures.
[2] 
Waste collection, storage and/or treatment facilities.
[3] 
Any other structure of similar character or impact.
[1]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 165, Zoning.
(2) 
An on-site investigation by the applicant shall determine the adjacent land uses along each property line. In the case of vacant land, the existing zoned uses shall be used. The existing or zoned uses shall be noted on the plan. In the case of several permitted uses on a site, the most restrictive requirements shall apply. The Board of Supervisors shall have final approval of interpretation of land uses or zoned uses.
(3) 
Buffer area location and dimensions.
(a) 
A buffer area of not less than 15 feet nor more than 50 feet in width shall be established along all property lines, unless otherwise specified in the Zoning Ordinance.[2]
[2]
Editor's Note: See Ch. 165, Zoning.
(b) 
The buffer may be included within the front, rear or side yard setback.
(c) 
The buffer area shall be a continuous pervious planting bed consisting of tall canopy trees, small understory trees, and shrubs with grass or ground cover. No paving shall be permitted within the buffer areas except for driveway crossings and/or walkways.
(d) 
Parking is not permitted within the buffer area except parking areas approved as shared parking by the Board of Supervisors.
(e) 
Stormwater basins are permitted in the buffer area, provided that the visual screening requirement of the buffer is met.
[1] 
Plant material quantities and types.
[a] 
In accordance with Table 1,[3] for every 100 linear feet of property line to be buffered, the following minimum quantities and types of plant material shall be required:
Softening buffer:
1 canopy tree (2 inches to 2 1/2 inches minimum caliper)
2 understory trees (1 1/2 inches minimum caliper)
2 evergreen trees (8 feet minium height)
Filtering buffer:
2 canopy trees (2 inches to 2 1/2 inches minimum caliper)
2 understory trees (1 1/2 inches minimum caliper)
5 evergreen trees (8 feet minimum height)
5 shrubs (24 inches minimum height)
Screening buffer:
8 evergreen trees (8 feet minimum height)
2 understory trees (1 1/2 inches minimum caliper)
2 canopy trees (2 inches to 2 1/2 inches minimum caliper)
10 shrubs (24 inches minimum height)
or
30 upright evergreen shrubs (4 feet minimum height)
or
15 upright evergreen shrubs (4 feet minimum height)
4 ornamental trees (1 1/2 inches minimum caliper)
or 3 canopy trees (2 inches to 2 1/2 minimum caliper)
or
An alternative design that will result in at least an equivalent degree of visual screening to one of the above screening buffers.
Limited area/buffer:
1 upright evergreen shrub per 3 feet (4 feet minimum height)
or
4-foot to 6-foot solid fence or wall.
[3]
Editor's Note: Table 1 is located at the end of this Subsection G.
[2] 
Screening buffer must be adequate to visually screen the proposed land use or development from off-site view. Several different planting options could be used to create an effective buffer. Grading treatments and architectural features, such as walls, fences and natural or man-made berms, may be necessary in addition to the minimum planting quantities in order to provide a visual screen.
[a] 
The limited area/buffer can be used in older developed areas where space for planting is restricted. The planting screen would be equivalent to an evergreen hedge planting. Alternative planting arrangements, such as shade or flowering trees with deciduous shrubs, could be considered in conjunction with a fence or wall, at the discretion of the Board of Supervisors.
[b] 
Manmade berms should be a maximum of three feet high with a maximum slope of 3:1.
(4) 
Mitigation of visual impacts. The use of a screening buffer planting shall be required to mitigate the adverse visual impacts which proposed land uses or site elements will have on the subject tract, adjoining properties and the community in general. In addition to the requirements for buffer plantings as listed in Table 1,[4] the following proposed land uses and site elements shall be screened from off-site with screening buffer planting:
(a) 
Dumpsters, trash disposal, recycling areas and mechanical equipment.
(b) 
Service and loading docks.
(c) 
Outdoor storage areas.
(d) 
Sewerage treatment plants and pump stations.
[4]
Editor's Note: Table 1 is located at the end of this Subsection G.
(5) 
Existing topographic conditions, such as embankments or berms, in conjunction with existing vegetation, may be substituted for part or all of the required property line buffers at the discretion of the Board of Supervisors. The minimum visual effect shall be equal to or exceed that of the required buffer or screen.
Table 1
Property Line Buffers
Adjacent Use
Proposed Use
Office/
Institutional and Public Recreation
Commercial/
Industrial
Multi-
family, SFA
Two-
Family, SFD
Office/ Institutional1
Softening
Softening
Filtering
Screening
Commercial/
Industrial
Filtering
Softening
Screening
Screening
Residential2
Softening
Filtering
Softening
Filtering
Active Recreation
Softening
Filtering
Softening
Softening
NOTES:
1 All uses in office/limited industrial parks shall be considered office/institutional uses.
2 Buffers are required for all multifamily, single-family attached developments.
H. 
Building plantings.
(1) 
All proposed structures, including parking garages and excluding single-family residences, shall incorporate the following minimum plant materials in the landscaping areas adjacent to the proposed structure:
(a) 
One canopy tree (two inches to 2 1/2 inches minimum caliper) or two understory trees (eight feet minimum height) shall be planted for every 50 linear feet of the proposed building perimeter.
(b) 
Five deciduous or evergreen shrubs (18 inches minimum height) shall be planted for every 20 linear feet of the proposed building perimeter.
(c) 
Planting areas shall be a minimum 150 square feet with a minimum ten-foot width.
(d) 
Twenty-five percent of the area between the building and front building driveway curb shall consist of pervious planting areas.
(2) 
All proposed residential lots shall have one canopy tree planted per 10,000 square feet of lot area. Existing trees to remain may satisfy all or part of this planting requirement.
(3) 
All proposed attached residential units shall have one canopy tree planted for every two dwelling units.
I. 
Regional shopping centers.
(1) 
In a regional shopping center, the landscape requirements are as follows:
(a) 
One shade tree for each 10 parking spaces to be placed at any location on the exterior of the premises.
(b) 
One shade tree for each 500 square feet of gross leasable floor area.
(c) 
The developer shall be permitted to substitute fewer larger caliper trees for a greater number of smaller caliper required trees in calculating compliance with tree planting requirements when authorized by the Board of Supervisors, so long as mathematical compliance with total caliper requirements is maintained and the mathematical calculation for substituted trees is set forth on the landscape plan.
J. 
Plant materials, specifications, maintenance and guarantee. The following standards shall apply to all plant materials or transplanted trees as required under this ordinance.
(1) 
General requirements.
(a) 
The location, dimensions, and spacing of required plantings should be adequate for their proper growth and maintenance, taking into account the sizes of such plantings at maturity and their present and future environmental requirements such as wind, soil, moisture and sunlight.
(b) 
Plantings should be selected and located where they will not contribute to conditions hazardous to public safety. Such locations include, but are not limited to, public street rights-of-way, underground and aboveground utilities and sight triangle areas required for unobstructed views at street intersections.
(2) 
Plant specifications.
(a) 
All plants shall meet the minimum standards for health, form, and root conditions as outlined in the American Association of Nurserymen (AAN) Standards.
(b) 
All plant material shall be hardy and within the USDA Hardiness Zone 6 applicable to Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.
(c) 
Canopy trees, also called "shade trees," shall reach a minimum height and spread of 30 feet at maturity as determined by the AAN Standards and shall be deciduous. New trees shall have a minimum caliper of 2 1/2 inches at planting.
(d) 
Ornamental trees or large shrubs shall reach a typical minimum height of 15 feet at maturity based on AAN Standards. Trees and shrubs may be deciduous or evergreen and shall have a distinctive ornamental character such as showy flowers, fruit, habit, foliage or bark. New ornamental trees shall have a minimum height of six feet or one-and-one-half-inch caliper. New shrubs shall have a minimum height of 2 1/2 to three feet at planting.
(e) 
Small shrubs may be evergreen or deciduous and shall have a minimum height of four feet at maturity based on AAN Standards. New shrubs shall have a minimum height of 18 inches at planting.
(f) 
Evergreen trees shall reach a minimum height of 20 feet at maturity based on AAN Standards. New evergreens shall have a minimum height of six feet at planting.
(3) 
Maintenance.
(a) 
Required plant material shall be maintained for the life of the project to achieve the required visual effect of the buffer or screen. It shall be the ultimate responsibility of the property owner(s) to insure that the required plantings are properly maintained. Dead or diseased plant material shall be removed or treated promptly by the property owner and replaced the next growing season.
(b) 
All sight triangles shall remain clear, and any plant material that could endanger safety such as unstable limbs shall be removed and the plant material replaced if necessary. It shall be the responsibility of the property owner to maintain all plantings and architectural elements to insure a safe environment.
(c) 
Maintenance guidelines for the plantings shall be prepared by the landscape design planner, to be used by ground maintenance personnel or the property owner to insure that the design's buffering and screening concepts are continued.
(4) 
Landscape bond.
(a) 
The developer shall provide escrow or security, as prescribed in the Pennsylvania Municipalities Code, for all landscaping. Prior to release of the security by the Township, the developer shall provide an as-built plan certifying the location, type and quantity of the landscape elements.
(b) 
The developer shall replace any tree or shrub that dies within 18 months of the release of the escrow. Any tree or shrub that within 18 months of planting or replanting is deemed, in the opinion of the Township, not to have survived or not to have grown in a manner characteristic of its type, shall be replaced. Substitutions for certain species of plants may be made when approved by the Township.
(c) 
The developer or property owner shall deposit with the municipality a bond equal to 15% of the of the total landscape escrow to cover the cost of purchasing, planting, maintaining, and replacing all vegetative materials for a period of 18 months. The bond shall be deposited upon final escrow release.
K. 
Design criteria.
(1) 
The required plan material shall be distributed over the entire length and width of the buffer area.
(2) 
Buffer plan material may be arranged symmetrically (formal) or asymmetrically (informal) and may be grouped to form plant clusters. However, informal grouping that reflect the natural character of the land are encouraged.
(3) 
Plants shall be spaced to provide optimum growing conditions.
(4) 
A variety of tree species required as follows:
Number of Trees
Minimum Number of Tree Species
Maximum % of Any One Species
0 to 5
1
100
6 to 15
2
50
16 to 30
3
40
31 to 50
4
30
51 plus
6
20
(5) 
Existing healthy trees, shrubs, or woodlands may be substituted for part or all of the required plan material at the discretion of the Board of Supervisors. The minimum quantities and/or visual effect of the existing vegetation shall be equal to or exceed that of the required buffer.
(6) 
Existing topographic conditions, such as embankments or berms, in conjunction with existing vegetation, may be substituted for part or all of the required property line buffers at the discretion of the Board of Supervisors. The minimum visual effect shall be equal to or exceed that of the required buffer or screen.
L. 
Recommended plant material list.
(1) 
Shade or canopy trees, suitable for street trees or parking lots as well as for buffers and screens. (Minimum mature height: 30 feet or more.)
Scientific Name
Common Name
Acer rubrum
Red maple (native)
Celtis sp.
Hackberry (native)
Cladastris lutea
Yellowwood (native)
Corylus colurna
Turkish filbert
Fraxinus pennsylvania lanceolata
"Marshall's Seedless"
cv. Marshall's seedless
Ash (native)
Ginkgo biloba
Ginkgo (male only)
Gleditsia triacanthos, inermis
Thornless honeylocust
Koelreuteria paniculata
Golden rain tree
Liquidamber styraciflua
Sweet gum (native)
Platanus occidentalus
Sycamore (native)
Quercus bicolor
Swamp white oak (native)
Quercus borealis
North red oak (native)
Quercus coccinea
Scarlet oak (native)
Quercus imbricaria
Shingle oak (native)
Quercus phellos
Willow oak (native)
Quercus prinus
Chestnut oak (native)
Quercus rubra
Red oak (native)
Robinia pseudoacacia
Black locust (native)
Sophora japonica
Japanese pagodatree
Tilia americana
American linden (native)
Tilia cordata
Little leaf linden
Tilia tomentosa
Silver linden
Zelkova serrata
Japanese zelkova
(2) 
Shade or canopy trees: suitable for property line buffers and nonvehicular use areas only. (Minimum mature height: 30 feet or more.)
Scientific Name
Common Name
Acer saccharinum
Silver maple (native)
Acer saccharum
Sugar maple (native)
Betula lenta
Sweet birch (native)
Belula nigra
River birch (native)
Carya ovata
Shagbark hickory (native)
Carya sp.
Hickory (native)
Fagus grandifolia
American beech (native)
Fagus sylvatica
European beech (native)
Fraxinus americana
White ash (native)
Juglans nigra
Black walnut (native)
Liriodendron tulipifera
Tuliptree (native)
Meta sequoia glypostroboides
Dawn redwood
Ostrya virginiana
Hop-hornbeam (native)
Phellodendron amurense
Amur cork tree
Plantanus acerifolia
London plane
Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry (native)
Quercus alba
White oak (native)
Quercus coccinea
Scarlet oak (native)
Quercus palustris
Pin oak (native)
Quercus vellutina
Black oak (native)
Sassafras albidum
Sassafras (native)
(3) 
Ornamental trees: suitable for property line buffers or site element screens. (Minimum mature height: 15 feet or more.)
Scientific Name
Common Name
Amelanchier canadensis
Serviceberry (native)
Carpinus carolinia
Ironwood (native)
Cercis candensis
Redbud (native)
Chionanthus virginicus
Fringetree (native)
Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood (native)
Cornus Kousa
Japanese dogwood
Cornus mas
Cornelian cherry
Crataegus cv. Toba
Toba hawthorn
Crataegus mollis
Downy hawthorn
Crataegus oxycantha
English hawthorn
Crataegus phaenopyrum
Washington hawthorn
Halesia carolinia
Silverbells (native)
Hammamelis virginiana
Witch hazel (native)
Koelreuteria paniculata
Golden rain tree
Laburnum vossi
Goldenchain
Magnolia soulangeana
Saucer magnolia
Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay magnolia (native)
Malus sp.
Crab apple species (native)
Oxydendrum arboreum
Sourwood (native)
Prunus sargentii
Sargent cherry
Prunus serrulata cv. Kwanzan
Kwanzan cherry
Pyrus calleryana cv. Bradford
Bradford pear
Pyrus calleryana cv. Redspire
Redspire pear
Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac (native)
Rhus typhina
Staghorn sumac (native)
Sorbus aucuparia
European mountain ash
Styrax japonica
Japanese snowball
Syringa amurensis japonica
Japanese tree lilac
(4) 
Large deciduous shrubs: suitable for use in property line buffers or site element screen (not clipped hedges). (Minimum mature height: 15 feet or more.)
Scientific Name
Common Name
Aronia arbutifolia
Black chokeberry (native)
Calycanthus floridus
Sweet shrub (native)
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Buttonbush (native)
Clethra acuminata
Summersweet (native)
Cornus serica
Red osier dogwood (native)
Enkianthus campanulatus
Redvien enkianthus
Forsythia sp.
Forsythia
Fothergilla major
Large fothergilla (native)
Ilex verticilata
Winterberry (native)
Lindera benzoin
Spicebush (native)
Myrica pennsylvanica
Bayberry (native)
Philadelphus spp.
Mock orange
Physocarpus opulifolius
Common ninebark
Sambucus canadensis
Elderberry (native)
Spirea nipponica
Snow mound spirea
Vaccinium corymbosum
Blueberry (native)
Viburnum dentatum
Arrow wood (native)
Viburnum lentago
Nannyberry (native)
Viburnum prunifolium
Black haw (native)
Viburnum spp.
Other large viburnums
Viburnum trilobum
American cranberry (native)
(5) 
Deciduous or evergreen shrubs: suitable for clipped hedges in property line buffers or site element screens. (Minimum mature height: four feet or more.)
Scientific Name
Common Name
Acanthopanax pentaphyllus
Five leaf aralia
Aronia arbutifolia
Black chokeberry (native)
Cornus mas
Cornelian cherry
Cotoneaster salicifolia
Willowleaf cotoneaster
Euonymous alatus
Winged euonymous
Euonymous alatus compactus
Dwarf winged euonymous
Euonymous fortuneii
  Vegetus sarcoxie
Big-leaf wintercreeper
Ilex crenata compacta
Compact Japanese holly
llex glabra
Inkberry (native)
Ilex crenata hetzi
Hetz holly
Juniperus chinensis
  Glauca hetzi
Hetz blue juniper
Juniperus chinensis
  Pfitzeriana compacta
Compact Pfitzer Juniper
Ligustrum ibolium
Ibolium privet
Lonicera fragrantissima
Winter honeysuckle
Philadelphus lemoinei
Mock orange
Ribes alpinum
Currant
Taxus baccata
English yew
Taxus brownii
Brown's yew
Taxus canadensis
Canada yew
Taxus densiformis
Dense yew
Taxus media Hatfieldi
Hatfield yew
Viburnum dentatum
Arrow wood (native)
Viburnum lentago
Nannyberry (native)
Viburnum opulus
European cranberry bush
Viburnum prunifolium
Black haw (native)
Thuja sp.
Arborvitae
(6) 
Evergreen shrubs: suitable for site element screens. (Minimum mature height: four feet.)
Scientific Name
Common Name
Azalea - evergreen species - Must reach 3-foot height
Azalea
Chamaecyparis obtusa
Chamaecyparis
Chamaecyparis pisifera
Chamaecyparis
Ilex crenata "hetzi"
Japanese holly
Ilex glabra
Inkberry (native)
Ilex mesevvea
Blue holly series
Juniperus Chinensis
  "Hetzi Glauca"
Hetz blue juniper
Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar (native)
Kalmia latifolia and cvs
Mountain laurel (native)
Leucothoe fontanessiana
Leucothoe
Pieris floribunda
Mountain andromeda (native)
Pieris japonica
Japanese andromeda
Rhododendron sp.
Various large rhododendrums
Taxus sp.
Yew
Thuja Sp.
Arborvitae
Viburnum rhytidophillum
Leatherleaf viburum
(7) 
Evergreen trees: suitable for property line buffers on site element screens. (Minimum mature height: 20 feet.)
Scientific Name
Common Name
Abies Concolor
White fir
Ilex opaca
American holly (native)
Picea abies
Norway spruce
Picea omorika
Siberian spruce
Picea pungens
Colorado spruce
Pinus strobus
White pine (native)
Pinus thunbergii
Japanese black pine
Pseudotsuga menziesii
Douglas fir
Tsuga canadensis
Canadian hemlock (native)
Tsuga caroliniana
Carolina hemlock (native)
(8) 
Canopy trees: suitable for stormwater detention basins.
Scientific Name
Common Name
+Acer rubrum
Red maple
*Acer saccrarinum
Silver maple
*Betula nigra
River birch
*Fraxinus americana
White ash
*Ilex opaca
American holly
+Liquidamber styraciflua
Sweet gum
*Nyssa sylvatica
Black gum
*Quercus phellos
Willow oak
+Quercus bicolor
Swamp white oak
*Quercus palustris
Pin oak
+Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress
NOTES:
* Suitable for usually well-drained areas that may be subject to occasional flooding.
+ Suitable for permanently wet areas.
(9) 
Deciduous/evergreen ornamental trees: suitable for stormwater detention basins.
Scientific Name
Common Name
*Amelanchir canadensis
Shadblow serviceberry
*Carpinus carolinia
Ironwood
*Chionanthus virginicus
Fringetree
*Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay
+Salix caprea
Willow sp.
+Salix discolor
Willow sp.
*Thuia occidentalis cv. nigra
Arborvitae
NOTES:
* Suitable for usually well-drained areas that may be subject to occasional flooding.
+ Suitable for permanently wet areas.
(10) 
Diciduous or evergreen shrubs: suitable for stormwater detention basins.
Scientific Name
Common Name
+Aronia arbutifolia
Red chokeberry
*Caly canthus florida
Sweetshrub
+Cephalanthus occidentalis
Button bush
+Clethra alnifolia
Summersweet
+Cornus amonum
Silky dogwood
+Cornus serica
Red-stem dogwood
*Hammamelis virginiana
Witch hazel
+Ilex glabra
Inkberry
+llex verticilata
Winterberry
*Lindera benzoin
Spice bush
*Myrica cerifera
Southern bayberry
+Myrica pennsylvanica
Northern bayberry
+Rhododendron nudiflorum
Pinxterbloom azalea
+Rhododendron viscosim
Swamp azalea
*Sambucus canadensis
Elderberry
*Viburnum cassanoides
Witherod
*Viburnum dentatum
Arrow wood
*Viburnum lentago
Nannyberry
*Viburnum tribolum
American cranberry
NOTES:
* Suitable for usually well-drained areas that may be subject to occasional flooding.
+ Suitable for permanently wet areas.
(11) 
Herbaceous perennials: suitable for stormwater detention basins.
Scientific Name
Common Name
*Aster novae angliae
New England aster
*Chrysanthemum lencanthemum
Ox-eye daisy
*Echinacea purpurea
Purple cornflower
+*Eupatorium dubium
Joe Pye weed
+*Eupatorium fistulo sum
Hollow Joe Pye weed
*Hemerocallis sp.
Day lily
*Hesperis matronalis
Dames rocket
+Hibiscus moshentos
Rose mallow
+*Iris pseudocaris
Yellow iris
+Iris vericolor
Blue flag
+*Lobehia cardinalis
Cardinal flower
+*Lobelia siphilitica
Blue lobelia
*Monarda didyma
Bee balm
+*Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass
*Rudbeckia sp.
Black-eyed susan
+Scirpus acustus
Hardstem bullrush
+Spartina alternifolia
Cordgrass
+Typha angustifolia
Narrowleaf cattail
+Typha latifolia
Common cattail
+*Vernonia noveboracensis
New York iron weed
NOTES:
* Suitable for usually well-drained areas that may be subject to occasional flooding.
+ Suitable for permanently wet areas
M. 
Plan requirements.
(1) 
Plan information.
(a) 
Plan scale, date, North arrow, and location map with zoning district and use designations for the site and adjoining properties.
(b) 
Location of all existing and proposed buildings and structures.
(c) 
Location of all existing and proposed roads, parking, service area, and other paved areas.
(d) 
Location of all outside storage and trash receptacle areas.
(e) 
Sidewalks, berms, fences, walls, freestanding signs, and site lighting.
(f) 
Existing and proposed underground and aboveground utilities such as site lighting, transformers, hydrants, manholes, valve boxes, etc.
(g) 
All existing and proposed contours at two-foot intervals to determine the relationship of planting and grading; areas with slopes in excess of 3:1 shall be highlighted on the plan.
(h) 
Existing mature trees, woodland, and tree masses to remain.
(i) 
Existing mature trees, woodland, and tree masses to be removed.
(j) 
Location of all proposed landscaping, including required street trees, stormwater basin landscaping, parking lot landscaping, property line buffer, and site element screen landscaping.
(k) 
A planting schedule listing the scientific and common name, size, quantity, and root condition of all proposed plant material.
(l) 
A schedule showing all landscape requirements and plantings proposed for each category.
(m) 
Planting details, including method of protecting existing vegetation, and landscape planting methods.
(n) 
Information in the form of notes or specifications concerning seeding, sodding, ground cover, mulching, etc.
(o) 
A detailed cost estimate with the public improvement escrow, showing the value of all proposed landscaping, including materials, labor and guarantee.