Township of Warwick, PA
Bucks County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Supervisors of the Township of Warwick 5-23-1988 by Ord. No. 88-3 (Part 6:450 of the 1984 Township Code). Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Garbage, rubbish and refuse — See Ch. 95.
Littering — See Ch. 111.
[Amended 9-24-1990 by Ord. No. 90-14]
The short title of this chapter shall be the "Township of Warwick Recycling Ordinance," and the same may be cited in that manner.
[Amended 9-24-1990 by Ord. No. 90-14]
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ALUMINUM CANS
Empty all-aluminum beverage and food containers.
BIMETAL CONTAINERS
Empty food or beverage containers consisting of ferrous sides and bottom and an aluminum top.
COMMERCIAL ESTABLISHMENT
An establishment engaged in nonmanufacturing or nonprocessing business, including but not limited to stores, markets, office buildings, restaurants, shopping centers and theaters.
COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES
Events that are sponsored in whole or in part by a mandated municipality or conducted within a mandated municipality and sponsored privately which include but are not limited to fairs, bazaars, socials, picnics and organized sporting events that will be attended by 200 or more individuals per day.
COMPOSTING
A controlled microbial degradation of organic waste to produce a relatively nuisance-free product of potential value as a soil conditioner.
CORRUGATED PAPER
Any structural paper material with an inner core shaped in rigid parallel furrows and ridges.
FERROUS CONTAINERS
Empty steel or tin food or beverage containers.
GLASS CONTAINERS
Bottles and jars made of clear, green or brown glass. Expressly excluded are noncontainer glass, plate glass, blue glass and porcelain and ceramic products.
HIGH-GRADE OFFICE PAPER
Any bond, copier, letterhead or mimeograph paper typically sold as "white ledger" paper and computer paper.
INDUSTRIAL ESTABLISHMENT
Any establishment engaged in manufacturing or processing, including but not limited to factories, foundries, mills, processing plants, refineries, mines and slaughterhouses.
INSTITUTION ESTABLISHMENT
Any establishment or facility engaged in services, including but not limited to hospitals, nursing homes, orphanages, schools and universities.
LEAF WASTE
Leaves, garden residues, shrubbery and tree trimmings and similar materials but not including grass clippings.
MAGAZINES AND PERIODICALS
Printed matter containing miscellaneous written pieces published at fixed or varying intervals. Expressly excluded, however, are all other paper products of any nature whatsoever.
MULTIFAMILY RESIDENCE
Any occupied residential structure having in excess of four dwelling units per structure, including without limitation apartments, townhouses, condominiums and cooperatives.
MUNICIPAL ESTABLISHMENT
Any facility or building owned or operated by a local government or county government, local government or county government authority, state government or agency or federal government or agency.
MUNICIPAL WASTE
Any garbage, refuse, industrial, lunchroom or office waste and other material, including solid, liquid, semisolid or contained gaseous material, resulting from the operation of residential, municipal, commercial or institutional establishments and from community activities and any sludge not meeting the definition of residual or hazardous waste in the Solid Waste Management Act[1] from a municipal, commercial or institutional water supply treatment plant, wastewater treatment plant or air pollution control facility. The term does not include source-separated recyclable materials.
NEWSPAPERS
Paper of the type commonly referred to as "newsprint" and distributed at fixed intervals, having printed thereon news and opinions and containing advertisements and other matters of public interest. Expressly excluded, however, are newspapers which have been soiled.
PERSON
Any individual, partnership, corporation, association, institution, cooperative enterprise, municipality, municipal authority or any other legal entity whatsoever which is recognized by law as the subject of rights and duties. In any provisions of this chapter prescribing a fine, imprisonment or penalty, or any combination of the foregoing, the term "person" shall include the officers and directors of any corporation or other legal entity having officers and directors.
PLASTIC CONTAINERS
Empty plastic food and beverage containers. Due to the large variety of types of plastic, the recycling regulations may stipulate specific types of plastic which may be recycled.
PRIVATE COLLECTOR/HAULER
A person providing collection, hauling and disposal services for municipal waste and/or recyclable materials on a private contract basis.
RECYCLABLE MATERIALS
Those materials specified by the municipality to be recycled. This list of materials is specified in the recycling regulations resulting from this chapter, are designated in § 149-4 hereof and may be revised from time to time as deemed necessary by the municipality.
RECYCLING
The collection, separation, recovery and sale or reuse of metals, glass, paper, leaf waste, plastics and other materials which would otherwise be disposed of or processed as municipal waste or the mechanized separation and treatment of municipal waste (other than through combustion) and creation and recovery of reuseable materials other than a fuel for the operation of energy.
RESIDENCE
Any occupied single- or multifamily dwelling having up to four dwelling units per structure from which a municipal or private hauler collects solid waste.
SOLID WASTE
All refuse, garbage and rubbish and other discarded solid material normally collected by municipal or private haulers.
[1]
Editor's Note: See 35 P.S. § 6018.101 et seq.
[Amended 9-24-1990 by Ord. No. 90-14]
There is hereby established a program requiring the separation from municipal waste of recyclable materials and leaf waste generated at residences, multifamily residences, commercial, municipal and institutional establishments and community activities.
[Amended 9-24-1990 by Ord. No. 90-14]
A. 
Residences. Designated recyclable materials generated at residences shall be placed at the curb separate from municipal waste for collection at such times and dates and from such containers as may be established by regulation. Designated recyclable materials for residences are aluminum cans, clear glass containers and newspaper.
B. 
Multifamily residences. Recyclable materials generated at multifamily residences shall be placed in appropriate containers, separate from municipal waste. Collection receptacles of sufficient size for recyclable materials shall be placed in easily accessible locations, such as storage areas or areas where municipal waste is presently collected. Recyclable materials shall be stored in accordance with State Fire Code regulations and all federal, state and local health and safety laws and ordinances until collection. Recyclable materials shall be collected at least once per month. Designated recyclable materials for multifamily dwellings are aluminum cans, clear glass containers and newspaper.
C. 
Commercial, municipal and institutional establishments and community activities. The owners/operators of commercial, municipal or institutional establishments or sponsors/organizers of community activities shall separate designated recyclable materials from municipal waste. Recyclable materials shall be placed in appropriate containers. Collection receptacles shall be placed in all buildings, in all floors and wings thereof, in each office and in all areas where food is served or consumed, including without limitation cafeterias, lunchrooms, fast-food areas and vending machine rooms. Recyclable materials shall be stored in accordance with State Fire Code regulations and all federal, state or local health and safety laws and ordinances until collection. Recyclable materials shall be collected at least once per month.
(1) 
Designated recyclable materials for commercial, municipal or institutional establishments and community activities are aluminum cans, high-grade office paper and corrugated paper.
(2) 
Exemption: Owners/operators of commercial, municipal or institutional establishments may obtain an exemption from the requirements of this chapter if those persons/establishments otherwise provide for recycling high-grade office paper, aluminum, corrugated paper, leaf waste and any other materials that such establishments are required to recycle. To qualify for an exemption under this subsection, commercial, institutional and municipal establishments must provide written documentation on or before January 20 for the previous calendar year. This documentation may be in the form of one of the following:
(a) 
Copies of weight receipts or statements which consolidate such information.
(b) 
A report from the provider of recycling collection services which identifies the amount of each material collected and marketed. The type and weight of recyclables generated by an individual establishment may be approximated based on a representative sample of its source-separated materials. Where recyclables from several establishments are collected in the same vehicle, an individual establishment's contribution to the load may be apportioned. Only the weight of materials marketed for recycling purposes can be credited to an establishment.
(c) 
A report from the provider of waste collection services that identifies the type and weight of each recyclable material collected and marketed in cases where recyclables are commingled with the establishment's waste. The type and weight of recyclables generated by an individual establishment may be approximated based on a representative sample of its waste. Where materials from several establishments are collected in the same vehicle, an individual establishment's contribution to the load may be apportioned. Only the weight of materials marketed for recycling purposes can be credited to an establishment.
[Added 9-24-1990 by Ord. No. 90-14]
Persons shall separate leaf waste from other municipal waste generated within the municipality. No leaf waste shall be placed for collection unless the leaf waste is to be composted.
[Added 9-24-1990 by Ord. No. 90-14]
A. 
All municipal waste and recyclable materials and leaf waste accumulated at residences, multifamily residences, commercial, institutional and municipal establishments and at community activities shall be collected, conveyed and disposed of only by private collectors/haulers under contract with or licensed by the municipality. When approved by the municipality, commercial, institutional or municipal establishments may collect, convey and dispose of municipal waste and/or recyclable material generated by said establishments.
B. 
All licensed private collectors/haulers shall file with the municipality an annual report due January 20 of all solid waste and recyclable material collection and separation activities performed by the licensee within the municipality during the previous calendar year at each commercial, institutional or municipal establishments and community activity providing the following information:
(1) 
The type and amount of compostable materials collected within the reporting period.
(2) 
The type and amount of recyclable materials collected within the reporting period.
(3) 
The type and amount of all solid waste, compostable and recyclable materials collected within the reporting period.
(4) 
The name and address of the private collector.
It shall be a violation of this chapter for any person(s) unauthorized by the municipality to collect or pick up or cause to be collected or picked up any such recyclable material. Each such collection in violation hereof shall constitute a separate and distinct offense punishable as hereinafter provided.
The Board of Supervisors is authorized and directed to enforce this chapter. The same is hereby authorized and directed to establish and promulgate reasonable regulations as to the manner, days and times for the collection of recyclable materials in accordance with the terms hereof and any other matters required to implement this chapter. The Board of Supervisors may change, modify, repeal or amend any portion of said rules and regulations at any time.
[Amended 9-24-1990 by Ord. No. 90-14]
A. 
Any person who shall fail, neglect or refuse to comply with any of the terms or provisions of this chapter or of any regulation promulgated pursuant hereto pertaining to the separation, storage, collection, transportation or disposal of recyclable materials or municipal waste shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to payment of court costs and a fine not to exceed $10 upon first conviction, $25 upon second conviction and $50 upon third or subsequent convictions. No prosecutions hereunder shall be instituted for offenses less than 90 days from the effective date of this chapter.
B. 
Notwithstanding the foregoing, any person who violates this chapter by collecting or picking up or causing to be collected or picked up without the appropriate municipal license recyclable materials shall, upon conviction thereof, be subject to payment of court costs and a fine not to exceed $300.
C. 
Owners, landlords and agents for owners or landlords who comply with this chapter shall not be liable for the noncompliance of tenants/occupants of their property.
The Board of Supervisors may enter into agreements with public or private agencies or firms to authorize them to collect all or part of the recyclable materials from curbside. Until or unless the entry into such an agreement, this chapter shall not be in effect.
[Amended 9-24-1990 by Ord. No. 90-14]
Any person may donate or sell recyclable materials to individuals or organizations that are licensed or authorized by the municipality in its recycling regulations. These materials must either be delivered to the individual's or organization's site or they may be placed at the curb for collection by said individual or organization on days not indicated as recyclable material collection days by the municipality. Said individuals or organizations may not collect recyclable materials on or immediately preceding (within 24 hours) a regularly scheduled curbside collection day.