Editor's Note: For state law provisions related to public utilities, see § 15.2-2109 et seq., Code of Virginia. As to sewage disposal systems generally, see § 15.2-2122 et seq., Code of Virginia, and as to health regulations related to sewage disposal, see § 32.1-163.1 et seq., Code of Virginia.
Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this chapter shall be as follows. "Shall" is mandatory; "may" is permissive.
- BOD (denoting biochemical oxygen demand)
- The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20° C., expressed in parts per million by weight.
- BUILDING DRAIN
- That part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five feet outside the inner face of the building wall.
- BUILDING SEWER
- The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
- COMBINED SEWER
- A sewer receiving both surface runoff and sewage.
- Solid wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.
- INDUSTRIAL WASTES
- The liquid wastes from industrial processes as distinct from sanitary sewage.
- NATURAL OUTLET
- Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface water or groundwater.
- Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.
- The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.
- PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE
- The wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than 1/2 inch in any dimension.
- PUBLIC SEWER
- A sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights and which is controlled by public authority.
- SANITARY SEWER
- A sewer which carries sewage and to which stormwater, surface water and groundwater are not intentionally admitted.
- A combination of the water-carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions and industrial establishments, together with such groundwater, surface water and stormwater as may be present.
- SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
- Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.
- SEWAGE WORKS
- All facilities for collecting, pumping, treating and disposing of sewage.
- A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.
- STORM SEWER or STORM DRAIN
- A sewer which carries stormwater and surface water and drainage but excludes sewage and polluted industrial wastes.
- SUSPENDED SOLIDS
- Solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, sewage or other liquids and which are removable therefrom by laboratory filtering.
- A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
It shall be unlawful for any person to maliciously or wilfully break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is a part of the municipal sewage works.
The Superintendent and other duly authorized employees of the Town bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter upon any properties for the purposes of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, and testing in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
Any person found to be violating any provisions of this chapter, except § 355-2, shall be served by the Town with written notice stating the nature of the violation and providing a reasonable time limit for the satisfactory correction thereof. The offender shall, within the period of time stated in such notice, permanently cease all violations.
Any person served with a notice as provided in § 355-4 who shall continue the violation in question beyond the time limit provided for in such notice, as provided in § 355-4, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be subject to a penalty as provided in § 1-3 of this Code. Each day in which any such violation shall continue shall be deemed a separate offense.
In addition to the penalty provided in § 355-5:
Every user of the Town's sewerage system shall be civilly liable in damages to the Town for any injuries to the Town's sewerage system, or for any injuries to third persons for which the Town is liable, caused by or resulting from a violation of any of the provisions of this chapter.
Every user of the Town's sewerage system shall be civilly liable in damages to the Town for any injuries to the Town's sewerage system, or any injuries to third persons for which the Town is liable, caused by or resulting from such user discharging into the Town's sewerage system sewage or waste of a nature or in quantities prohibited by the statutes of the state, or prohibited by the State Water Control Board, or prohibited by the State Health Department or any subdivision thereof, or prohibited by any other state agency.
It shall be unlawful for any person to place or deposit, or permit to be placed or deposited, in an insanitary manner, upon public or private property within the Town or in any area under the jurisdiction of the Town, any human or animal excrement, garbage or other objectionable waste.
Unlawful to excrete urine or feces in public. No person shall excrete urine or feces upon the floor, stairway or any other part of any public building, public conveyance, sidewalk, street, alley or lane of the Town, or on any private property where any such conduct can be viewed or seen by any other person.
Urine or feces must be excreted in toilets. No person shall excrete urine or feces in any place or on any premises, private or public, in the Town other than a properly maintained toilet, rest room or temporary toilet facility that is approved by the Health Department of the Commonwealth of Virginia for such use.
Unlawful to permit animals to excrete urine or feces on public property or streets. No person shall knowingly permit any animal to excrete urine or feces upon the floor, stairway or any part of any public building or place, upon the floor or any part of any public conveyance, or upon any sidewalk, street, alley or lane of the Town. Any excretion of feces on public property must be cleaned immediately by the owner. No person shall knowingly permit any animal to excrete urine or feces on private property other than on open ground, and all feces must be cleaned immediately by the animal owner.
[Added 11-9-1992; amended 11-13-2012 by Ord. No. 2012-03]
It shall be unlawful for any person to discharge to any natural outlet within the Town or in any area under the jurisdiction of the Town any sanitary sewage, industrial wastes or other polluted waters, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this chapter.
Except as provided in the subsequent provisions of this chapter, it shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool or other facility intended or used for the disposal of sewage.
The owner of any house building or property used for human occupancy, employment, recreation or other purpose situated within the Town and abutting on any street, alley or right-of-way in which there is now located or may in the future be located a public sanitary or combined sewer of the Town shall, at his own expense, install suitable toilet and plumbing facilities therein and connect such facilities directly with the proper public sewer in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, provided that such public sewer is within 100 feet of the property line.