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Town of Stockport, NY
Columbia County
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
[HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Stockport as indicated in article histories. Amendments noted where applicable.]
GENERAL REFERENCES
Sewers — See Ch. 95.
Subdivision of land — See Ch. 105.
Water — See Ch. 116.
102a Table 2 Sum Highway Specs 102b Table 3 Record Draw Checklist 102c Table 4 Eng Certification Form 102d Street Details Dwgs
[Adopted 10-20-1976 by L.L. No. 1-1976]
No civil action shall be maintained against the Town of Stockport or the Town Superintendent of Highways or against any improvement district in the Town for damages or injuries to person or property (including those arising from the operation of snowmobiles) sustained by reason of any highway, bridge, culvert, highway marking, sign or device or any other property owned, operated or maintained by the Town or any property owned, operated or maintained by any improvement district therein being defective, out of repair, unsafe, dangerous or obstructed, unless written notice of such defective, unsafe, dangerous or obstructed condition of such highway, bridge, culvert, highway marking, sign or device or any other property owned, operated or maintained by the Town or any property owned, operated or maintained by any improvement district was actually given to the Town Clerk or the Town Superintendent of Highways and there was thereafter a failure or neglect within a reasonable time to repair or remove the defect, danger or obstruction complained of; and no such action shall be maintained for damages or injuries to persons or property sustained solely in consequence of the existence of snow or ice upon any highway, bridge, culvert or any other property owned by the Town or any property owned by any improvement district in the Town, unless written notice thereof specifying the particular place was actually given to the Town Clerk or the Town Superintendent of Highways and there was a failure or neglect to cause such snow or ice to be removed or to make the place otherwise reasonably safe within a reasonable time after the receipt of such notice.
No civil action will be maintained against the Town and/or the Town Superintendent of Highways for damages or injuries to person or property sustained by reason of any defect in the sidewalks of the Town or in consequence of the existence of snow or ice upon any of its sidewalks, unless such sidewalks have been constructed or are maintained by the Town or the Town Superintendent of Highways pursuant to statute, nor shall any action be maintained for damages or injuries to person or property sustained by reason of such defect or in consequence of such existence of snow or ice, unless written notice thereof specifying the particular place was actually given to the Town Clerk or to the Town Superintendent of Highways and there was a failure or neglect to cause such defect to be remedied, such snow or ice to be removed or to make the place otherwise reasonably safe within a reasonable time after the receipt of such notice.
The Town Superintendent of Highways shall transmit, in writing, to the Town Clerk within five days after receipt thereof all written notices received by him pursuant to this article, and he shall take any and all corrective action with respect thereto as soon as practicable.
The Town Clerk shall keep an accurate record of all written notices which the Town Clerk shall receive of the existence of a defective, unsafe, dangerous or obstructed condition in or upon or of an accumulation of ice and snow upon any Town highway, bridge, culvert or a sidewalk or any other property owned by the Town or by any improvement district. The Town Clerk, upon receipt of such written notice, shall immediately and in writing notify the Town Superintendent of Highways of the receipt of such notice.
Nothing contained in this article shall be held to repeal or modify or waive any existing requirement or statute of limitations, but, on the contrary, shall be held to be additional requirements to the rights to maintain such action. Nothing contained herein shall be held to modify any existing rule of law relative to the question of contributory negligence, nor to impose upon the Town, its officers and employees and/or any of its improvement districts any greater duty or obligations than that it shall keep its streets, sidewalks and public places in a reasonably safe condition for public use and travel.
[Adopted 4-6-1995; amended in its entirety 11-15-1996]
A. 
Plans, including profiles and construction details of the proposed highways, shall be prepared by a qualified professional engineer or land surveyor properly licensed by the State of New York. For land surveyors, any roadway and drainage design plans shall be carried out in conformance with applicable New York State Education Department Regulations. Where applicable, the surveyor shall provide evidence of an "n-exemption." The plans shall clearly define the limits of the proposed right-of-way and shall include the location, widths, profiles, grades of proposed roadways, typical road sections, storm drainage, including culverts and other drainage structures, and the location of easements and utilities. Plans shall first be submitted to the Town Superintendent of Highways and the Town Engineer. When any proposed highway drains toward or may otherwise effect a county or state highway, plans shall be submitted to the County Commissioner of Public Works or the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) for their review and comments and to the Town Planning Board for review and approval under the applicable subdivision regulations of the Town. Such plans so submitted shall not be altered, modified or amended after having been approved by the Planning Board, unless revised plans are resubmitted and approved by all proper authorities. However, the developer shall, at his own expense, provide additional storm drainage facilities as may be ordered by the Town Superintendent of Highways or the Town Engineer when such additional structures or facilities are necessary to assure the durability of pavement, the future maintenance of rights-of-way and the welfare and safety of the public. If construction has not been started within one year from the date of final approval by the Town Planning Board, plans shall be resubmitted and approved as above.
B. 
Where highway and drainage plans are to be submitted as part of a subdivision, said plans and reports shall also incorporate the requirements of Chapter 105, Subdivision of Land. It is the intent of this article and Chapter 105, Subdivision of Land, to be complementary.
A. 
Prior to the start of construction of any approved highway plan or proposed road, the developer shall deposit with the Town Clerk a performance bond of acceptable surety or shall deposit with the chief fiscal officer of the Town acceptable negotiable government bonds, cash, letter of credit or certified check drawn upon a national or state bank payable at sight to the Town Board, guaranteeing:
(1) 
That within two years the developer will complete the construction of all required improvements within the right-of-way and easements in accordance with the approved plans and these specifications; and
(2) 
That, upon certification by the developer's professional engineer and by the Town Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer that the construction of the highway has been completed in accordance with the approved plans and specifications, the developer will dedicate the completed highway to the Town for use as a public highway free and clear of all liens and encumbrances. This guaranty of dedication shall apply to the owner of the property as well as the developer, where the two are not synonymous. Certification by the developer's engineer shall be made on the form included in Table 4 and shall be submitted with a record or as-built drawing in conformance with the standards included in Table 3.[1]
[1]:
Editor's Note: Tables 4 and 3 are included as attachments to this chapter.
B. 
As a guaranty for the performance of the above requirements, the developer shall deposit, as heretofore set forth, a surety bond, negotiable government bonds, cash or certified check as approved by the Town Attorney in the amount of 100% of total road cost as determined by the Town Engineer. This amount shall be determined by applying to the quantities or dimensions shown on the approved plan the rates per unit as established by the schedule of rates as determined by the Town Highway Superintendent or Town Engineer as attached hereto or as amended and forming a part hereof (Table 1)[2] or amendments thereto which may later be established to reflect changing costs. The performance bond amount will be established by the Town Engineer and will be forwarded to the Superintendent of Highways, the Town Board and Planning Board for approval. The performance bond shall include provisions for inflation and legal and engineering fees. As significant work progresses, the developer may request a performance bond reduction for portions of work completed to date. Typically, the request will be made to the Highway Superintendent or Town Engineer, but it will not be approved until an affirmative recommendation is made to the Town Board by the Highway Superintendent, Town Engineer and Planning Board. The reduction does not take effect until a resolution by the Town Board is passed. Prior to acceptance of a road for dedication to the Town, a maintenance bond shall be posted in the amount of 20% of the original performance bond amount (maintenance bond not less than $20,000). The maintenance bond shall remain in effect for a period of one year from the date of acceptance of the road for dedication by the Town Board. This bond shall cover any potential defects in the constructed road and related appurtenances. The form of a maintenance bond shall be similar to those referenced above for a performance bond.
[2]:
Editor's Note: See § 105-15.
A. 
The developer shall procure and maintain at his own expense and without expense to the Town, until final acceptance by the Town of the work covered by the approved plan and specifications, insurance for liability for damages imposed by law, of the kinds and in amounts hereinafter provided, in insurance companies authorized to do such business in the State of New York covering all operation under the approved plan and specifications, whether performed by him or subcontractors. Before commencing the work, the developer shall furnish to the Town certificates of insurance in a form satisfactory to the Town Attorney and Town insurance agent showing that he has complied with this subsection, which certificates shall provide that the policies shall not be changed or canceled until 30 days' written notice has been given to the Town.
B. 
The kind and amount of insurance is liability and property damage insurance; unless otherwise specifically required by special specifications, each policy with limits of not less than:
(1) 
Bodily injury liability:
(a) 
Each person: $1,000,000.
(b) 
Each accident: $2,000,000.
(2) 
Property damage liability:
(a) 
Each accident: $1,000,000.
(b) 
Aggregate: $2,000,000.
A. 
The developer shall afford the Town Superintendent of Highways, the Town Engineer or their duly authorized representative the opportunity to inspect the work in order that they may assure themselves that these minimum specifications are being complied with.
B. 
Such inspections shall occur at the following listed places in order of construction, and the developer shall give prior notice to the Superintendent or Town Engineer at least three working days in advance of such expected completions and shall not proceed to the next order of work until the Superintendent or Town Engineer has approved the work inspected. The following are the typical stages:
(1) 
Rough grading complete.
(2) 
Drainage and other underground facilities installed, but prior to backfilling; furnish the Superintendent with men and equipment to dig, or have dug, test holes to establish and confirm the depth and quality of the foundation course.
(3) 
Before, during and after gravel base is spread and compacted. This shall include both the nine inches of run-of-bank (ROB) gravel and the three inches of graded gravel.
(4) 
When each pavement course is being applied.
(5) 
After completion of all improvements.
C. 
The Superintendent or his representatives shall be given access to the work at all times in order that they may inspect the work as it progresses.
During development construction prior to final acceptance, it is expected and it is understood that as part of the conditions of approval of the subdivision, the developer shall agree to maintain the roads giving access to the houses in such condition that the residents shall have safe, convenient access. The minimum conditions for such access are listed below:
A. 
Paved surface.
(1) 
The edges of the road (i.e., the gutter line) shall be kept free and clear of debris, stone, gravel or any materials which prevent the free flow of water. Driveways shall be so constructed that the flow line remains clear.
(2) 
The storm sewer system shall be kept clean and operational during all phases of construction.
(3) 
The surface pavement shall be maintained on a continuing basis. Soft spots or other structural defects shall be repaired immediately by excavation and replacement with approved material as per the direction of the Town Highway Superintendent or Town Engineer, either verbally or in writing. "Immediate" shall be considered to be 24 hours from the time of oral or written notification by the Superintendent or Town Engineer to the developer, unless arrangements are made, satisfactory to the Superintendent or Town Engineer, to protect the traveling public by lights and barricades until such time as repairs can be made. Potholes and edge raveling shall be remedied on a continuing basis or as ordered by the Superintendent or Town Engineer. Repairs shall be made with asphalt concrete (hot mix when available).
(4) 
Throughout the entire construction period, the developer or his contractor shall have in place sufficient erosion controls throughout the construction site. Generally, these shall be placed in conformance with the approved erosion control plan as submitted and approved by the Planning Board. If such plan does not exist, erosion and siltation controls should be placed in accordance with the New York State Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Control Guidebook, latest revision. The Town Highway Superintendent or Town Engineer may require that additional erosion controls be placed due to field conditions. In any case, all erosion and siltation controls shall be properly maintained throughout the project until they are no longer required, as determined by the Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer.
Prior to acceptance of a highway constructed under these specifications, the developer's professional engineer shall certify, in writing, that he or his authorized representative has inspected all phases of the highway construction and that all work has been completed in accordance with the approved plans and these specifications. Evidencing this, he shall submit signed and stamped plans and forms as set forth in Tables 3 and 4 of these specifications.[1]
[1]:
Editor's Note: Said tables are included as attachments to this chapter.
A. 
The following conditions are to be satisfied before the Town Board considers the acceptance of a new highway. It is the responsibility of the developer or his representative to prepare and obtain all necessary documentation for submission to the Town. All required information shall be submitted to the Town Board, Superintendent of Highways, Town Engineer and Town Attorney at least 15 working days prior to the Town Board meeting date on which the matter will be discussed.
(1) 
A set of as-built plans of the highway showing the information included on the checklist included in Table 3 shall be required.[1] In some cases, additional information may be required, but the developer will be notified in advance. These plans must bear the original stamp and signatures of both a licensed professional engineer in New York State and a licensed land surveyor in New York State. Also, a certification form shall be completed and submitted. See Table 4.[2]
[1]:
Editor's Note: Table 3 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
[2]:
Editor's Note: Table 4 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(2) 
Written metes and bounds descriptions of all rights-of-way and easements prepared by a licensed land surveyor must be submitted to the Town Engineer and Town Attorney for review and approval. Once the descriptions have been prepared, the developer's attorney shall work with the Town Attorney to ensure that the deeds are appropriately filed in the office of the County Clerk.
(3) 
The plans and descriptions must be reviewed by the Town Engineer, who shall indicate his approval either by letter to the Town Board or by the stamping of said plans and descriptions. Where applicable, the as-built plans shall also be reviewed by the Town of Stockport Water/Wastewater Superintendent. This is applicable for roads having a water main or sewer mains in the right-of-way.
(4) 
The submitted deeds must be checked by the Town Attorney as to form and sufficiency. A title search must be made of the land offered to assure the validity of the title, and the cost of the search shall be borne by the applicant.
(5) 
The work completed on the highways at the date of submittal must be approved by the Town Highway Superintendent and the Town Board be notified of this approval. The Town Highway Superintendent shall submit, in writing, his order accepting the road.
(6) 
Approved permanent concrete or granite monuments shall be set according to the Town Highway specifications or as directed by the Town Engineer, and their location shall be shown on the road plan. Iron pipes, unless embedded in concrete, shall not be considered permanent monuments for the purpose of these regulations. See Figure 11 of these specifications.[3]
[3]:
Editor's Note: Figure 11 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(7) 
The developer shall post a satisfactory maintenance bond as referred to in §§ 102-7 and 102-8. In no case shall a maintenance bond be less than $20,000.
(8) 
At the close of the meeting when the Board accepts a new road, the developer shall prepare two complete sets of the following and submit them to the Highway Department within 15 days of the Board meeting:
(a) 
A copy of the actual Town Board resolution accepting the road.
(b) 
A full-size copy of the as-built and a reduced-scale size (smallest legible reduction).
(c) 
Filed deeds for the road right-of-way and all easements.
B. 
This information will then be submitted by the Highway Department to the New York State Department of Transportation for inclusion of the new road into the Town's Highway Inventory.
All driveway entrances for approved lots must be built in conformance with the driveway permit issued by the Superintendent of Highways. To ensure satisfactory completion of the driveway entrance, the lot owner shall post a driveway bond to cover the cost of entrance construction should the lot owner not carry out the improvements. The bond will be set as to the amount by the Superintendent of Highways depending on the nature of work required. In no event will the bond be less than $300. The form of the surety shall be satisfactory to the Town Attorney. The Superintendent of Highways shall be notified of the commencement of construction by the lot owner and shall be notified at the time of completion. The driveway bond shall not be refunded to the lot owner until written approval of the Superintendent of Highways has been given to the Building Inspector. This shall occur prior to the issuance of a certificate of occupancy by the Building Inspector.
A. 
The Town Planning Board shall determine and designate into which of the following classifications each proposed highway falls on the basis of one or more of the criteria hereinafter set forth.
(1) 
Major or through highway.
(2) 
Rural or suburban type highway.
B. 
Final plans shall be drawn to show, and the developer shall construct each highway in accordance with the particular specifications for its designated classification as also hereinafter set forth as well as in accordance with the specifications common to all classifications.
A. 
The proposed highway is the direct and logical continuation of an existing highway that carried 500 or more heavy and light vehicles during a twelve-hour period as shown on the latest traffic count.
B. 
The proposed highway creates a shorter and more convenient through traffic artery so that it can be reasonably expected that traffic will be diverted from other major highways to such an extent that it will reach at least 500 cars in 12 hours two years after opening.
C. 
The proposed highway could logically be expected to become a major highway because of future construction or other foreseeable circumstances.
D. 
Heavy vehicles (trucks) described as being more than 10% of the design hour traffic and at least half of the trucks are anticipated to be at or near the legal maximum weight.
[1]:
Editor's Note: See Figure 1, which is included as an attachment to this chapter.
A. 
The proposed highway shall not be or be reasonably expected to become a through, commercial or industrial highway.
B. 
The proposed highway shall be a dead end, loop or other minor highway within a residential development.
C. 
The proposed highway is not or cannot reasonably be expected to become a continuation or extension of a highway of one of the two above-described classifications. Should such be the case, the proposed highway shall take the classification of the highway of which it is a continuation or extension.
D. 
The proposed highway does not or cannot reasonably be expected to carry a substantial volume of traffic.
[1]:
Editor's Note: See Figure 2, which is included as an attachment to this chapter. This classification is intended to cover the majority of subdivision roads.
The developer shall establish and clearly mark on site the limits of highway right-of-way and easements, the center line and grades of the road pavement and the location and elevation of drainage and drainage structures in accordance with the approved plans. Said layout shall be performed by a licensed land surveyor, licensed for practice in the State of New York. Such markers shall be maintained at the developer's expense until the construction of all required improvements within the right-of-way limits have been completed, inspected and approved by the Town Superintendent of Highways.
A. 
The developer shall clear the entire area within the limits of:
(1) 
The highway right-of-way exclusive of trees designated by the Town to remain.
(2) 
Stream and drainage channels and ditches.
(3) 
Easement areas, which shall include sight, grading, drainage and utility easements and any detention or retention pond areas.
B. 
All roots and stumps shall be grubbed, excavated and removed from the above areas. No roots, stumps, etc., shall be buried within the right-of-way or easement areas or in any other areas proposed for dedication to the Town of Stockport.
A. 
The developer shall complete the shaping of the highway right-of-way, streams, ditches and easement areas to the line and grade as shown on the approved plan and as otherwise may be directed by the Town Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer or their duly authorized representative. All unsuitable or unstable materials shall be completely excavated and removed from the right-of-way and all rock or boulders larger than six inches in diameter shall be excavated at least eight inches below the finished subgrade of road pavement, drainage or drainage structures, curbs and sidewalks. Where fills are necessary to complete the required line and grade or to backfill trenches or other excavation, the materials incorporated in the work shall be acceptable to the Town Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer and shall be placed in layers not exceeding eight inches in depth, each layer to be thoroughly compacted by rolling with a self-propelled vibratory roller not weighing less than 10 tons. Other compaction methods shall be as approved by the Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer. Impact rammer or vibrator equipment in areas inaccessible to power rollers may be utilized subject to prior approval. All compacting shall continue until the fills are firm and unyielding. Specifically, all lifts shall be compacted to 95% Standard Proctor Density as determined by a testing laboratory approved by the Town Engineer. In areas where fill is being placed in areas with groundwater problems, areas heavily laden with clay or other wet nonsupportive soils and as directed by the Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer, filter fabric (geotextiles) shall be placed prior to filling. The filter fabric shall be Mirafi 600 X or an approved equal. It shall be placed in conformance with the manufacturer's specification but in no case shall be lapped less than 24 inches on any end. Special care shall be exercised in placing and compacting material immediately adjacent to pipes in order to avoid damage to the pipe and to prevent pipe misalignment.
B. 
The areas between the road shoulder edge or curbing and the right-of-way line must be graded and seeded in order to prevent erosion. See § 102-21 for a detailed seeding specification.
C. 
The rough grade of the road pavement, curb and sidewalk areas shall be completed to within one inch above or below finished subgrade as shown on the approved cross section of the right-of-way improvement.
D. 
Earth shoulders and flow line of ditches and gutters shall be maintained in satisfactory condition at the developer's expense at all times during the course of construction of the subdivision and until such time as the Town Board has accepted dedication of the right-of-way.
A. 
The width of the trench in which the pipe is placed shall be sufficient to permit thorough tamping of the backfill under the haunches and around the pipe. Where rock, in either boulder or ledge formation, is encountered, it shall be removed below grade and replaced with suitable materials (graded gravel or other material approved by the Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer) in such a manner as to provide an earth cushion having a thickness under the pipe of not less than eight inches; and where there are excessively heavy fills over the top of the pipe, the Town Superintendent of Highways may specify that a sand cushion up to 1/2 inch in thickness per foot of fill be placed over the top of the pipe. In no case shall the top of any drainage pipe be less than 18 inches below the finished grade of the pavement. In areas outside of the pavement, the minimum cover shall be not less than 12 inches. Where soft, spongy or other suitable soil is encountered at the grade established, all such unstable soil under the pipe and for the width of one diameter on each side of the pipe shall be removed and replaced with run-of-bank (ROB) gravel or other acceptable material. In all cases, the bed shall be thoroughly compacted and shall provide a firm foundation for the pipe. In some cases, as directed by the Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer, prior to placement of the ROB gravel in poor soil areas, filter fabric shall be placed below the pipe. Please refer to § 102-19 for filter fabric specifications.
B. 
Pipe shall be laid to a true line and grade on the prepared bed of the trench. Pipe laying shall begin at the downstream end and progress upstream.
C. 
Backfilling of trenches shall be done in accordance with the subsection on fills under the above heading of § 102-19.
D. 
Any additional drainage facilities not shown on the approved plan and which may be ordered by the Town Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer due to field conditions shall be constructed by the developer at the developer's expense and in accordance with these specifications.
E. 
In proposed subdivision roadways where other utilities are present, the design plans should illustrate all possible utility line conflicts (crossings). During design and construction, care shall be utilized to provide sufficient separations between utilities. A minimum of 24 inches is required. Where possible, storm drainage pipes shall always be above sewer and water lines to preclude maintenance problems for the Highway Department.
A. 
It is the intent of this section that all disturbed areas within the right-of-way due to highway construction and placement of utilities shall be restored to conditions acceptable to the Town of Stockport.
B. 
The removal of all equipment and parts, junk, rubbish, excess material, debris of all kind and trees damaged beyond repair shall be included in the restoration work.
C. 
All unpaved areas within highway rights-of-way and newly created or stripped earth slopes shall be seeded as follows:
(1) 
Seeding.
Area Class
Topsoil Depth
(inches)
Seed Type
Seed Rate
(pounds/acre)
Shoulders
4
Kentucky bluegrass
12
0% to 5% slope
Red fescue
12
Perennial ryegrass
5
Shoulders
4
Red fescue
20
5% to 10% slope
White clover
8
Perennial ryegrass
5
Embankments
6
Crown vetch
10
Perennial ryegrass
20
Drainage swales
6
Red fescue
20
Redtop
2
Crown vetch
15
Detention areas
6
Red fescue
20
Redtop
2
Crown vetch
15
(2) 
Mulch shall be hay or straw at a rate of two tons per acre.
(3) 
Fertilizer shall be 10-10-10-600 pounds per acre.
D. 
In order to control soil erosion, all erosion controls shall be checked and upgraded as necessary upon final grading, topsoiling, seeding and mulching as specified in § 102-10 of this article.
A. 
Highways shall be so designed that finished tangent grades will not be less than 1.0% nor more than 10.0%.
B. 
Every change in grade shall be effected with a vertical curve of sufficient length to ensure adequate stopping sight distance and to provide for smooth transition. These vertical curves shall be designed in accordance with the graph shown on Figures 3 and 4 of these specifications.[1] Where a road intersection is controlled by means of a proposed stop sign on a proposed road, the vertical curve at this point only may be reduced to a minimum length of 28 times the algebraic difference in grade (28A).
[1]:
Editor's Note: Said figures are included as attachments to this chapter.
A. 
A hydraulic design report prepared by a licensed professional engineer, licensed to practice in the State of New York, containing design information for all highway drainage structures, storm sewers and channels must be submitted to Town Engineer and Town Superintendent of Highways. This report should contain the basic design data required to arrive at each drainage structure size, such as design frequency, flow rate, grade, velocity, area and method used in determining the waterway size. This shall include watershed area maps, soils description with map, flow paths indicated, runoff computations, stage-storage, stage discharge computations, flood routing computations and graphical presentation of hydrographs. The report should include both before and after development runoff and should assess the need for on-site detention or retention to attenuate increases in runoff and should present pipe sizing computations for all proposed drainage structures. In some cases were one-hundred-year floodplain elevations are not available from FEMA, the drainage report may be required to include a floodplain determination by HEC-2 or other acceptable method as approved by the Town Engineer. The drainage report shall be prepared by utilizing TR-55 or TR-20 as developed by the United States Soil Conservation Service. The Rational Method can only be utilized for pipe sizing computations for collector pipes. Large stream crossing, etc., shall have runoff computed by other than the Rational Method. Any other drainage methodologies shall be as approved for use by the Town Engineer. All pipes and structures shall be sized for a twenty-five-year, twenty-four-hour storm, as determined for Columbia County. Any major stream crossing (as determined by the Town Engineer), any bridges or detention and retention areas shall be so designed to preclude overtopping during a one-hundred-year, twenty-four-hour storm. Consideration should also be given to anticipated (if any) future development and any urbanization of the area.
B. 
There should be enough information shown on plans and profiles to properly construct all the required drainage facilities. Type and size of culverts, end treatments of inlet and outlet, the gauge of metal pipe or class of concrete pipe and the class/type of ADS N-12 pipe, invert elevation of inlet and outlet, ditch and channel section, gutters, channel protection and alignment of ditches are some of the information required on plans and profiles. A note shall be placed on the plans which requires shop drawing submission for all pipe, catch basins, catch basin tops, guide rails and other such items proposed for use in the work in order that they may be reviewed and approved by the Superintendent of Highways and Town Engineer prior to fabrication, shipment or installation of the materials.
A. 
The developer shall dedicate to the Town by recordable instrument all easements as shown on the plat.
B. 
All drainage easements must have a minimum width of 30 feet and shall include the right to enter upon said property for the purposes of installing, maintaining and repairing the ditches and pipes as placed in such easement. Monumentation as required by the Town Engineer shall be provided. Other easement widths may be required based on the size of the proposed improvements. These shall be as determined upon recommendation of the Town Engineer and as subsequently approved by the Superintendent of Highways. It is the policy of the Town that all storm drainage be contained in drainage swales, where possible, and all easements shall contain a provision providing for the right to install underground pipes and to discharge stormwater therein. Open ditches shall be approved at the discretion of the Town Superintendent of Highways. The developer shall also install in said easements swales or pipe of size sufficient to provide for present and future runoff.
C. 
Where it is proposed that stormwater be drained from the highway or from other lands of the developer to the perimeter of the developer's property, easements shall be provided in recordable form and free and clear of all liens from the adjoining owners permitting the discharge of stormwater drainage onto such adjoining lands. In cases where ponds are to become portions of the Town storm drainage system, the Town of Stockport may require special provisions and agreement to absolve them of maintenance responsibility and/or damage relative thereto from roadway runoff. In these cases, the Planning Board will so advise the developer as to the additional requirements.
D. 
The developer shall provide an attorney's certificate of title indicating that the above-mentioned easements and rights to discharge surface water are free and clear of all liens. The Town Attorney, along with the Town Engineer, shall make a determination of the extent of improvement responsibility regarding downstream drainage.
A. 
Storm drain and culvert pipe may be asphalt coated corrugated metal (CCMP), reinforced concrete (RCP) or corrugated high-density polyethylene (HDPE) specified as ADS N-12 with a smooth-bore interior. All pipes used shall have a minimum diameter of 15 inches. Plain galvanized corrugated metal pipe is not permitted.
B. 
The pipe shall meet the following New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) Standard Specifications (latest revisions and addendums):
(1) 
CCMP, Section 707-02, pipe shall be 14 gauge (15 inches to 24 inches), 12 gauge (27 inches to 54 inches) and 10 gauge (60 inches and greater).
(2) 
RCP, Section 706-02, pipe shall be Class IV.
(3) 
HDPE, Section 706-14, only sizes 15 inches to 36 inches shall be permitted.
C. 
All collars or connecting bands shall be 12 inches wide and shall be furnished with two bolts 12 inches long.
D. 
Coated corrugated metal arch pipe and elliptical reinforced concrete pipe are permitted for use, provided that they comply with NYSDOT Standard Specifications.
E. 
All reinforced concrete pipe shall be manufactured with slip joints or bell and spigot joints.
F. 
Each piece of reinforced concrete pipe shall be marked with the specification number and the date of manufacture.
G. 
Reinforced concrete pipe shall be sealed with flexible watertight elastomeric gaskets, approved bituminous sealers or plastic sealers. Bituminous or plastic sealants shall be applied at the time the pipe is being laid to line and grade. Such sealants shall be installed in accordance with the sealant manufacturer's instruction so that the joint is completely filled with sealant.
H. 
Corrugated metal pipe and pipe arch connections for making field joints shall consist of corrugated bands, so constructed as to lap on equal portions of each culvert section to be connected.
I. 
Pipe of HDPE shall be connected by the use of corrugated bands manufactured for that specific pipe. The end sections used for this type of pipe shall not be HDPE. In lieu of these, either reinforced concrete headwalls or prefabricated asphalt coated metal end sections shall be used. These shall be the type used for conventional CCMP.
J. 
Where precast concrete box culverts or metal plate arch culverts are proposed for use, they shall be individually approved on a case-by-case basis by the Town Engineer upon review of design drawings.
K. 
The height of the fill and pipe classes shall be designed to meet the minimum requirements of AASHTO HS-20 Highway Loading.
A. 
Whenever a drainpipe ends in an open ditch, pond or stream, the inlet and outlet end shall be designed to protect embankments and channels and to preserve the hydraulic efficiency of the pipe.
B. 
The following end treatments shall be used for drainage pipes:
(1) 
Prefabricated asphalt coated metal end sections.
(2) 
Concrete headwall and wing walls with or without concrete apron. (See Figure 5.[1])
[1]:
Editor's Note: Figure 5 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(3) 
Reinforced concrete precast end sections.
C. 
Prefabricated end sections of HDPE are permitted for use. Prefabricated end sections shall be of similar material and construction to the pipe when possible. End sections shall be connected to the pipe in the same manner as pipe sections are connected.
D. 
All pipe ends, either inlets or outlets, shall be protected from entrance by persons or animals by means of grating. All pipes of size fifteen-inch or greater shall be protected in such manner. See Figure 6 of these specifications for construction details on the grating. Where reinforced concrete box culverts are proposed for use, the ends shall be fitted with precast headwalls and wing walls. Tapered box culvert ends shall not be permitted. Grating for box culverts or plate arch metal culverts will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis. See § 102-29 and Figure 6 for riprap specifications at culvert ends.[2]
[2]:
Editor's Note: Figure 6 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
A. 
Underdrains may be a perforated asphalt-coated corrugated metal pipe or HDPE ADS N-12 smoothbore perforated pipe (rigid) where approved by the Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer, placed in trenches and surrounded by material which is both pervious to water and capable of protecting the pipe from infiltration by the surrounding soil. (See Figure 7.[1])
[1]:
Editor's Note: Figure 7 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
B. 
Underdrains must be sloped positively to an outlet such as a drainage channel or a catch basin/pipe drainage system.
C. 
Figures 7 and 7A show the installation of underdrain for the purpose of draining of pavement sections.[2] These figures may be modified to apply to specific conditions so long as the installation is approved by the Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer. However, criteria described below should be considered.
[2]:
Editor's Note: Figure 7 and 7A are included as attachments to this chapter.
D. 
The underdrains should be placed at the interface of the pavement and shoulder and should intercept the water from the highest water-bearing layer of the pavement section.
Specifications and drawings on Figure 8[1] show the minimum acceptable construction for typical catch basins. Whenever, in the opinion of the Town Superintendent, ground conditions or other circumstances require larger or heavier materials, additional materials, reinforcing or other modifications and improvements in design and construction shall be made as directed by the Town Superintendent or Town Engineer at any time prior to paving. Only precast, reinforced concrete catch basins are approved for use in the Town of Stockport. No built-up masonry catch basins are permitted for use.
A. 
Location. Catch basins or culverts shall be constructed at all points of change of slope or alignment and at all junction points. Catch basins or culverts shall be located in the lows of sag vertical curves as necessary to prevent excess ponding. At no time shall catch basins or culverts be spaced farther apart than 400 feet on slopes less than 3%, 300 feet on slopes from 3% to 6% and 250 feet on slopes over 6% in steepness. These spacings may be modified to a closer spacing by the Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer when grade or other special circumstance warrants. The Town Highway Superintendent may also increase the spacing distance between catch basins.
B. 
Excavation and construction.
(1) 
The hole for a catch basin shall be excavated to a depth of 35 inches below the designed elevation of the invert of the effluent pipe. Crushed stone or run-of-bank gravel to a uniform depth of nine inches shall be leveled and compacted over the entire area under the base, where suitable excavated trench material does not exist. In cases where poor soil conditions exist, the depth of stone placement may be greater as directed by the Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer. On this stone or gravel base, the precast concrete basin shall be placed level.
(2) 
Shop drawings for all proposed catch basins shall be submitted for review and approval of the Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer. All precast basins shall be reinforced concrete and shall be designed to carry HS-20 wheel loadings unless otherwise directed. Unless otherwise approved by the Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer, the maximum depth of a catch basin shall be limited to 12 feet.
(3) 
Tops for catch basins shall be cast iron as those specified on Figure 8B[2] unless otherwise approved by the Superintendent or Town Engineer. Shop drawings shall be submitted for review and approval. No reinforced concrete tops shall be used.
[2]:
Editor's Note: Figure 8B is included as an attachment to this chapter.
(4) 
All construction and materials shall comply with Section 604 of the current Standard Specifications of the New York State Department of Transportation.
C. 
Installation of pipes.
(1) 
Concrete blocks around all pipes entering or leaving a catch basin shall be cut to fit the contours of the pipes as closely as possible. Remaining interstices shall be solidly filled with mortar and concrete brick for the full thickness of the wall. The ends of all pipes shall be cut off flush with the inside surfaces of the catch basin walls and shall project outside a sufficient distance to allow for proper connection with adjoining pipe section.
(2) 
When the diameter of the effluent pipe is the same as or smaller than that of an influent pipe, the elevation of the top of the influent pipe shall be no lower than the elevation of the top of the effluent pipe.
D. 
Steps for catch basins. Catch basins having a depth greater than 48 inches from the finished surface to the top of the concrete base shall be provided with steps. Steps shall be of a steel reinforced polypropylene as manufactured by MA Industries or an approved equal. The steel reinforcing bar shall have a minimum diameter of 1/2 inch. The steps shall comply with the standard as shown on Figure 8A[3] solidly set in the catch basin. Steps shall extend 4 1/2 inches inside the wall of the catch basin. The top step shall be not more than 18 inches below the finished surface and thence to the base steps shall be no more than 18 inches apart. All steps shall be properly aligned in a uniform vertical manner. Reinforced plastic steps shall meet Section 725-02 of the Standard Specifications, New York State Department of Transportation.
[3]:
Editor's Note: Figure 8A is included as an attachment to this chapter.
[1]:
Editor's Note: Figure 8 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
A. 
With the approval of the Town Superintendent of Highways and Town Engineer, open ditches for back lots and side slopes may be used in lieu of storm drainpipes when the grade of the land traversed is flat or when it is desirable to drain and dry up the surrounding area.
B. 
In no case shall the grade of a drainage swale exceed 6%. The following guidelines shall be used in treatment of these ditches:
(1) 
Up to 1%: seed and mulch.
(2) 
Up to 3.5%: jute mesh and seed or other approved method.
(3) 
Up to 5%: sod or hot-mixed asphalt concrete.
(4) 
Over 5%: riprap.
C. 
Riprap, when called for, in ditches or at pipe inlets and outlets, shall consist of fieldstone or rough, unhewn quarry stones as nearly cubical in form as is practicable, placed upon a slope not steeper than 1 to 2 and so laid that the weight of the large stones is carried by the soil and not by the stone adjacent. All stones shall weigh more than 20 pounds each. No tailings or rounded cobbles shall be utilized for riprap. No gravel-mine outwash material shall be used. The intent of the riprap placement is so that the rock material interlocks to prevent soil erosion. Filter fabric shall be placed under the riprap.
D. 
The largest stones shall be placed first, roughly arranged and in close contact. The spaces between the larger stones shall be filled with spalls of suitable size.
E. 
Whenever a drainpipe enters an open ditch, the bottom and sides of the ditch shall be riprapped for a distance of at least 30 feet beyond the end of the pipe. Where ditches are permitted for use, they shall not begin until they are past the dwelling, well or sewage disposal system area. Up to this point, stormwater flows shall be carried in the pipe system.
F. 
Roadside ditches over five-percent grade shall be paved with asphaltic concrete in a three-inch thickness. The material shall be hot mix asphaltic concrete plant mix. It shall be top course mix and, where possible, it shall be placed and incorporated in the finished top course of the road surface. At culvert inlets and outlets, riprap shall be placed as shown on Figure 6.[1]
[1]:
Editor's Note: Figure 6 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
A. 
After completion of the rough grade and prior to the laying of the foundation course, the subgrade shall be shaped to line and grade and thoroughly compacted with an approved self-propelled vibratory roller weighing not less than 10 tons. All hollows and depressions which develop under rolling shall be filled with acceptable granular material and again rolled, this process to be continued until no depressions develop. The subgrade shall not be muddy or otherwise unsatisfactory when the foundation course is laid upon it. The subgrade shall be firm and unyielding and compacted to not less than 95% Standard Proctor Density, as determined by a testing laboratory approved by the Town Engineer.
B. 
Any soft or unstable portions of the subgrade which develop under the right-of-way shall be replaced with acceptable granular material and the area regraded and compacted as above.
A. 
Before fine grading, all storm and sanitary sewers and all utilities, including house connections and hydrants, water mains, valves, cable, electric and telephone shall have been installed, and all fill and backfill shall have been thoroughly compacted to the satisfaction of the Town Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer.
B. 
Fine grade shall conform to the prescribed width of pavement and shall extend equidistant from the center line of the road right-of-way and shall conform to the typical cross sections of the road pavement and to the approved line and grade.
C. 
Any area heavily laden with clay or wet area within the area where the road is being constructed, a geotextile-type fabric must be applied within said areas mentioned above and should be placed before the final two feet of road surface is applied. See § 102-19 for further specifications. All fine grading shall be performed with an approved motor grader. A bulldozer shall not be permitted for use.
A. 
After the fine grade and all curbs (where applicable) have been constructed to the satisfaction of the Town Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer, the developer shall furnish and place a foundation course of bank-run gravel, approved graded gravel and process quarry material (commonly item 4) to the depths as called for in these specifications. All materials acceptable for these courses shall be hard, durable and sound and shall be graded from course to fine. For the nine-inch ROB gravel layer, 100% by weight of the particles shall be of such size as will pass through a four-inch square hole, not less than 30% shall pass 1/4 inch, not more than 10% by weight pass the No. 200 mesh sieve. When screened or graded gravel is used, it shall contain a sufficient amount of loam content to ensure that it possesses compaction properties. With the approval of the Superintendent of Highways, this layer only may be spread by the use of an approved bulldozer. Prior to installation, a source sample shall be submitted to the Superintendent of Highways and Town Engineer for approval.
B. 
The materials shall be placed on the finished subgrade by means of mechanical spreaders in three-inch layers or a motor grader upon tailgate spreading by dump trucks and shall be thoroughly compacted by rolling with a self-propelled vibratory roller not weighing less than 10 tons. Water shall be added to the materials in such amounts as the Town Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer may consider necessary for proper compaction. This layer shall be firm and unyielding and shall be compacted to 95% Standard Proctor Density as determined by a laboratory approved by the Town Engineer. After compaction, the course shall be checked for any imperfections, and these shall be eliminated by the use of additional granular materials, thoroughly rolled in place. In all cases, the foundation course must be thoroughly compacted in order that it will not weave under the roller, and the total depth after compaction shall not be less than 12 inches. For the three-inch graded gravel top layer, the maximum particle size as will pass through a two-inch square hole; 10% to 65%, by weight, shall pass the one-fourth-inch square sieve and not more than 10%, by weight, shall pass No. 200 mesh sieve. This layer shall also have a sufficient amount of loam content to possess compaction characteristics. A source sample shall be submitted to the Superintendent of Highways and Town Engineer for approval prior to installation.
Moto-paving is not a permitted type or method of pavement installation for proposed roads in the Town of Stockport.
A. 
The contractor shall construct a two-course bituminous concrete pavement laid to conform to the required grade, thickness and cross section shown on the plans and specifications. In no case shall the compacted finished thickness of the binder course be less than three inches. In no case shall the finished thickness of the top course be less than 1 1/2 inches. These apply to a rural/suburban road. Other types of road shall be as per the attached figures,[1] but all thicknesses referenced apply to a compacted finished thickness. Materials and method of construction shall conform to Section 401 of the current Standard Specifications of New York State Department of Transportation.
[1]:
Editor's Note: The figures are included as attachments to this chapter.
B. 
After initial paving course has been thoroughly cleaned of foreign material, a tack coat of asphalt emulsion (SS-1h) shall be applied to the surface at the rate of 0.1 to 0.2 gallons per square yard in the event that the binder course has been subject to traffic for an extended period of time (typically one month unless otherwise dictated or approved by the Superintendent of Highways or Town Engineer based on the pavement condition). Once the tack coat has been applied, if required, a final wearing course of fine hot mix asphaltic concrete shall be uniformly spread by a self-propelled mechanical spreader equipped with tamping bars and heating unit and in sufficient depth as to provide the required finished compacted thickness after rolling thoroughly with a two- or three-wheel tandem roller weighing not less than 10 tons. Static or vibratory rollers may be used as conditions dictate. The Superintendent of Highways shall have the right to reject any and all equipment related to paving if, in his opinion, it is archaic or not in proper mechanical condition to provide a workmanlike job. Any rollers utilized shall have water only on the drums for lubrication/antisticking agent.
C. 
Extreme care shall be exercised in the placing of bituminous concrete to ensure that all longitudinal joints shall be lapped in the placing of adjoining strips and that all lateral joints are trimmed before continuing with the placing of additional materials on that strip.
A. 
The contractor shall construct bituminous surface treatment (single course) where required or as specified in approved plans and meeting the requirements of Section 410-3.02 of the current Standard Specifications of the New York State Department of Transportation.
B. 
Shoulders of highway with pavement shall be treated with additional surface treatment for surface texture and color contrast meeting the requirements of Section 410-3.04 of the Standard Specifications of the New York State Department of Transportation. This will only be required in certain cases as determined by the Superintendent of Highways or Planning. Where this is required, hot oil shall be applied on a clean road surface at a rate of 0.35 gallons per square yard. The oil shall be MC-5 or MC-8 as approved by the Superintendent of Highways. Emulsions are not permitted for use. Upon placement of oil, the stone or aggregates shall be placed in a weight and method to be approved by the Superintendent of Highways, but shall consist of a mixture of 1 A's of clean crushed stone. If it is intended, upon approval of the Highway Superintendent and Planning Board, to oil and stone over the finished asphalt pavement to achieve a rural look, the developer will not be allowed to place the oil and stone for a period of not less than two months from the date of finish asphalt pavement.
Prior to any construction or improvement commencing within the Town of Stockport rights-of-way, the developer or lot owner proposing the improvement shall obtain a permit from the Town of Stockport Highway Superintendent. At a minimum, a sketch shall be prepared outlining the proposed improvements and location of the existing roadway and drainage structures. Once reviewed by the Highway Superintendent, a refundable permit fee will be required. The amount of this permit fee will be determined by the Highway Superintendent based on the anticipated cost of the proposed improvement. In addition, the contractor or lot owner under NYCRR Part 53 shall be responsible for contacting the Underground Utilities Call Center a minimum of two working days prior to commencing any improvement.[1]
[1]:
Editor's Note: See Ch. A126, Fees.
A. 
The developer shall so design, layout and construct all driveways both within and without the limits of the rights-of-way for traffic movement without difficulty.
[Amended 8-5-1998 by L.L. No. 1-1998]
B. 
Where a driveway is to be constructed as part of a new or recently developed subdivision, the driveway shall be constructed in full conformance with the approved subdivision plans upon obtaining a driveway permit from the Superintendent of Highways. For existing approved lots or for improvements to any existing driveway, the driveway shall be constructed in accordance with these specifications. Any improvements such as regrading or paving of an existing driveway within the Town ROW shall also require a driveway permit.
C. 
Sight distances. All driveways shall be constructed with adequate sight distance as defined in § 102-38 of this article. Where adequate sight distance does not exist, it shall be incumbent upon the lot owner to clear and grade as necessary to obtain the sight distance. In cases where this must be carried out off-site, the lot owner shall obtain the necessary easements.
D. 
Grades.
(1) 
In all cases, driveways shall have a grade of not less than 1%, nor greater than 15%. Where possible, all driveways shall be graded away from the roadway to preclude excess runoff and debris from entering the Town road. In cases where this cannot be achieved, sufficient grading and drainage shall be provided to minimize impact to the Town road.
(2) 
Further, all driveways and lot grading shall be performed to blend with the finished road grading to preclude ponding and to promote overall drainage. Where lots are below road grade, all lot and driveway grading shall be performed in such a manner as to direct any road runoff away from the dwelling and appurtenant areas. Pipes, interceptor swales and the like should be utilized. The Town will not be held responsible for improper lot grading which results in damage from road runoff.
E. 
Aprons. All driveways shall be constructed with a blacktop apron constructed over a twelve-inch gravel subgrade. In no case shall the apron extend less than 20 feet from the edge of the paved road surface. In no case shall the apron be less than 15 feet wide. The apron shall be constructed of hot mix asphalt concrete plant mix and shall have a finished compacted thickness of three inches.
[Amended 8-5-1998 by L.L. No. 1-1998]
F. 
Mailbox aprons. In addition to Subsection E, all single driveways having rural-type mailboxes in new subdivisions shall have a hot mix asphalt concrete plant mix placed over a twelve-inch gravel surface, in the delivery pull-off area. The apron shall have a finished thickness of not less that three inches and shall conform to the standards of Figure 14 included in this chapter.[1] All mailboxes shall be set in conformance with the standards of the United States Postal Service with regard to mounting height, location and post anchoring.
[1]:
Editor's Note: Figure 14 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
G. 
Driveway culverts. Where required, all driveway culverts shall have a minimum diameter of not less than 15 inches, unless otherwise permitted by the Town Highway Superintendent, and shall have a minimum length of not less than 40 feet. These shall be installed where required as shown on an approved subdivision plan. If no such plan exists, culvert installation will be at the direction of the Town Superintendent of Highways during the driveway permit process. Pipes shall be of the type specified in § 102-25 of this article. All driveway culverts shall have end sections on inlets and outlets.
A. 
The developer shall construct all road intersections in accordance with Figure 9A.[1] Intersecting streets shall be laid out so as to intersect at 90° where feasible. An angle of intersections of less than 80° shall not be permitted.
[1]:
Editor's Note: Figure 9A is included as an attachment to this chapter.
B. 
A minimum of 300 feet of unobstructed stop line sight distance shall be provided for both approaches along the highway at driveway entrances.
C. 
Stop line sight distances shall be measured from a point on the center line of the approaching lane of the minor road or driveway 12 feet behind the projected edge of the roadway of the major road, to a point on the center line of the approaching lane of the major road. The height of eye and height of object shall both be assumed to be 44 inches above the road pavement. Each approach to the intersection shall be considered separately.
D. 
The minimum site distance shall be as shown in Figure 9, Figure 9A and Table 5 of this chapter.[2] If the proposed road is connected to the Town road which has no posted speed limit, the limit shall be designated as 35 miles per hour for the purpose of determining the site distance.
[2]:
Editor's Note: Figures 9 and 9A and Table 5 are included as attachments to this chapter.
A. 
The developer shall furnish and install a four-way road name sign at every road intersection made by the roads he constructs. This shall also include any new roads with existing roads. Signs and posts shall conform to the standards established by the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD - Manual 5746) as published by the NYSDOT. All signs shall meet the requirements of Figure 10.[1] They shall not be set in concrete. No decorative or other sign types will be permitted for use. In general, the signs shall have a reflective green background, with white reflective letters for the road name. In all cases road names shall be as approved by the Planning Board, Town Clerk and Town Board. Names shall not conflict with existing road names for emergency services purposes. All required or proposed signs shall be shown on the plans.
[1]:
Editor's Note: Figure 10 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
B. 
If the proposed subdivision road is connected to a state or county road, then their sight distance standards will govern and will only be approved by the Town upon receipt of a valid highway work permit by the Town.
C. 
All intersections shall have stop bars painted on the final course of asphalt. All stop bars shall be constructed in conformance with the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD - Manual 5746) as published by the NYSDOT.
A. 
Monuments shall be a minimum of 36 inches long and five inches square at the top and shall have centered in the top a three-eighths-inch or one-half-inch drill hole, a three-eighths-inch or one-half-inch steel rebar slightly protruding or some other permanent and satisfactory center mark. Monuments shall be of cut granite free from imperfections or of concrete as shown on Figure 11.[1]
[1]:
Editor's Note: Figure 11 is included as an attachment to this chapter.
B. 
Monuments shall not be set until the roadway has been completed nor shall they set while frost is in the ground. They shall be so set and tamped as to prevent settlement or shifting. The developer's licensed surveyor shall certify that the location of all monuments is accurate before acceptance of the highway by the Town Board. Monuments shall be located in sufficient number to control the subdivision, but at minimum they shall be located at every point of tangency, point of curvature necessary to provide visibility and along one right-of-way line of each street. All easements shall be similarly monumented. All installed monuments shall be shown on the as-built or record drawing.
A. 
The type and need for guide rail installation shall be approved by the Town Superintendent of Highways and Town Engineer. General guidelines for determining the need for guide rails are shown below:
(1) 
The height of the dropoff from the break of road shoulder slope to the toe of slope. Slopes less than one on two with a height of dropoff more than four feet will require guide rail installation. Slopes one on two having a height of dropoff more than 10 feet will be protected with guide rails.
(2) 
Protection. Guide rails shall be installed to protect drivers from fixed objects and roadside hazards as shown on the following list:
(a) 
Culvert headwalls.
(b) 
Along bodies of water.
(c) 
Rock cuts and rock outcrops.
(d) 
Retaining walls.
B. 
Guide rail installation shall be in accordance with Sections 710-20, Corrugated Beam Guide Railing, of the current Standard Specification of the New York State Department of Transportation. (See Figures 12 and 12A.[1]) The guide rails shall be new and shall be constructed of galvanized steel. Wooden guide rails are not permitted for use under any circumstances. Any areas of existing Town roads being reconstructed by a developer in conjunction with his development plans which require guide rails upon completion shall have guide rails installed at the developer's expense.
[1]:
Editor's Note: Figures 12 and 12A are included as attachments to this chapter.
All signs, signals, markings, regulatory warning and other control devices for the maintenance and protection of traffic must conform to the requirements of the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD - Manual 5746) as published by the NYSDOT. All signs shall be mounted on breakaway posts. Any signs constructed by the developer for subdivisions or site plans shall be located outside the existing or proposed Town right-of-way and shall be the full responsibility of the developer for maintenance and removal. All stipulations of Chapter 120, Zoning, shall be complied with. All required or proposed signs shall be shown on the plans.
Roof and cellar drains shall in no case be allowed to flow onto the highway right-of-way. With the approval of the Town Superintendent of Highways and Town Engineer, in writing, these drains may be piped to the roadway stormwater drain to which they shall be connected on the top only. Such drains must be installed prior to the start of fine grading of the roadway.
A. 
Wherever a temporary or permanent dead end is allowed on a subdivision highway, a turnaround shall be constructed. This turnaround shall take the form of a circle as required by the Town Planning Board and shall be constructed as shown on Figures 13 and 13A.[1] The temporary type of construction shall be used only when authorized by the Town Planning Board in cases of the foreseeable future extension of the highway.
[1]:
Editor's Note: Figures 13 and 13A are included as attachments to this chapter.
B. 
Catch basins or culverts shall be placed in such manner as to capture surface water in conformance with § 102-28 of this article. In no case shall the diameter of the finished pavement in either a temporary or permanent cul-de-sac be less than 100 feet. In cases where temporary culs-de-sac are constructed, the subdivision plans shall provide for the reverting of highway right-of-way to the abutting landowners at the time of future extension. This shall be carried out in conformance with Chapter 105, Subdivision of Land.
In cases where exposed rock cut becomes a portion of the permanent highway right-of way, the slopes shall not exceed one on 1 1/2, provided that the rock cut is stable, as certified, in writing, by the developer's licensed engineer in the State of New York. If the determination is made that the rock is not stable, the developer shall lay back the slope by further excavation or provide other such permanent means to protect the highway right-of-way, appurtenances and citizens from falling rock. All certifications and physical improvements shall be subject to the approval of the Town Superintendent of Highways and Town Engineer.
Where a developer proposes to extend an existing Town road as part of a new development, the Town Superintendent of Highways may permit a narrower road section or transition section to accommodate the difference between existing road widths and the standard which is now required. This decision shall be made during the review of proposed development plans by the Planning Board and Town Engineer. Factors, such as amount of traffic, lot density, safety, etc., shall be taken into consideration.
[Added 5-5-1999 by L.L. No. 1-1999]
A. 
No person shall alter or disturb the grade of any street, highway or public place within the Town, nor shall any person disturb the paving or dig or excavate any such street, highway or public place, nor construct or reconstruct sidewalks, curbs and driveway aprons, except where such construction or reconstruction of sidewalks, curbs and driveway aprons is covered by a building permit, unless a written permit shall first be obtained for such purpose from the Superintendent of Highways or his authorized representative, which permit shall be issued by the Superintendent of Highways or his authorized representative upon such terms and conditions as are deemed necessary to properly safeguard the public safety or welfare.
B. 
Every application for a permit hereunder shall be accompanied by a cash deposit to cover 150% of the cost of restoring or repaving such street, highway or public place or construction or reconstruction of sidewalks, curbs or driveway aprons, as estimated by the Superintendent of Highways, to a condition which meets the approval of the Superintendent of Highways, or, in the alternative, a bond giving adequate assurance that such restoration or repavement shall be made to the satisfaction of the Superintendent of Highways. In addition thereto, every such application shall be accompanied by a fee in such amount as determined from time to time by resolution of the Town Board.
C. 
All such restoration and/or repavement shall be done by the Town, under the direction of the Superintendent of Highways or his authorized representative, at the expense of the applicant, at the customary charges made by the Town for such work.
D. 
The Town Board may, by resolution, waive or modify the requirements of this section where a permit or permits required hereunder is or are issued to a municipality or to a public utility corporation.