[HISTORY: Adopted by the Township Council of the Township of Washington 11-24-2009 by Ord. No. 33-2009; amended in its entirety 12-11-2013 by Ord. No. 35-2013. Subsequent amendments noted where applicable.]
The purpose and intent of this chapter is to assist law enforcement officials and victims of crime in recovering stolen precious metals, gems, gemstones and/or other articles by requiring minimum reporting, maintenance and distribution criteria for secondhand and transient dealers.
No person shall use, exercise or carry on the business, trade or occupation of buying scrap gold, old gold, silver, jewelry, home electronics/audio and visual equipment, musical instruments, telephones and telephonic equipment, scales, computers, computer hardware and software, typewriters, word processors, scanners, sporting goods of all kinds, antiques, platinum, all other precious metals, tools of all kinds, televisions, DVRs, GPS, camcorders, car stereos, gift cards, furniture, clothing or other valuable articles, hereinafter referred to as "secondhand goods or articles," or being a secondhand dealer within the Township of Washington without having first obtained a license from the Township of Washington as hereinafter provided.
For the purposes of this chapter, the following terms, phrases, words and their derivations shall have the meanings ascribed herein. Words used in the present tense shall include the future, words in the plural number shall include the singular number; and words in the singular number shall include the plural number. The word "shall" is always mandatory and not merely directory.
- ACCEPTABLE IDENTIFICATION
- Acceptable forms of identification include: a current, valid New Jersey driver's license or identification card, a current, valid photo driver's license issued by another United States state, a valid United States passport, or other verifiable United States government-issued identification.
- Any article of merchandise, including any portion of such article, whether a distinct part thereof or not, including every part thereof, whether separable or not, and also including material for manufacture; and as so defined in N.J.S.A. 51:6-1.
- CHIEF OF POLICE
- The Chief of Police of the Township of Washington or his designee/representative.
- A computerized Internet-capable database with hardware and software compliant to that set by the Chief of Police.
- Any person, partnership, corporation, or other entity, whether permanent or itinerant, who on one or more occasions (through any means) buys or sells or otherwise exchanges or trades secondhand gold, silver, precious metals, gems, or jewelry, and includes anyone advertising the purchase or sale of any of the aforementioned items.
- DESIGNATED VENDOR
- A person or entity that is appointed or designated by the Chief of Police who is authorized to collect and maintain precious metal transaction information, or other purchase information as defined herein, for the Township of Washington.
- GIFT CARD
- A restricted monetary equivalent or scrip that is issued by retailers or banks to be used as an alternative to a nonmonetary gift.
- ITINERANT BUSINESS
- Any business conducted intermittently within the Township of Washington or at varying locations.
- Any individual, natural person, partnership, joint venture, business, society, associate, club, trustee, trust, corporation, or unincorporated group, or an officer, agent, employee, servant, factor or any form of personal representative of any thereof, in any capacity, acting for self or on behalf of another.
- PRECIOUS METALS
- Comprised of gold, silver, sterling, platinum and/or their alloys as defined in N.J.S.A. 51:5-1 et seq., N.J.S.A. 51:6-1 et seq., and/or N.J.S.A. 51:6A-1 et seq.; gems, gemstones, coins and all forms of jewelry herein contained.
- Individuals and retail sellers, not to include wholesale transactions or transactions between other merchants.
- The exchange of money and the exchange, deposit, pledge, sale, conveyance or trade of any tangible or intangible article.
- REPORTABLE TRANSACTION
- Every transaction conducted by a dealer in which precious metals, or other tangible property, are purchased or exchanged from or with the public.
- SECONDHAND GOODS
- Any article previously sold, acquired, exchanged, conveyed, traded or otherwise formerly owned, including but not limited to scrap gold, old gold, silver, jewelry, home electronics/audio and visual equipment, musical instruments, telephones and telephonic equipment, scales, computers, computer hardware and software, typewriters, word processors, scanners, sporting goods of all kinds, antiques, platinum, all other precious metals, tools of all kinds, televisions, DVRs, GPS, camcorders, car stereos, gift cards, furniture, clothing or other valuable articles.
- TRANSIENT BUYER
- A dealer who has not been in any retail business continuously for at least six months at that address in the municipality where the dealer is required to register or who intends to close out or discontinue all retail business in the Township of Washington within six months; or as so defined in N.J.S.A. 51:6A-5 and N.J.A.C. 13:47C-1.1.
Each dealer conducting business within the jurisdiction of the Township of Washington shall first apply and be granted a business license as set forth in Chapter 133 (Licensing) and Chapter 40 (Business Licensing). The application for a license shall be accompanied by a fee payable to the Township of Washington in the form of a cashier's check, certified check or money order to defray the costs of the electronic database software system. The fee shall be the cost of the electronic database software system and not to exceed $300 per applicant. The paying of this fee shall make the applicant exempt from the Washington Township business registration fee.
Every dealer within the Township of Washington shall, upon the purchase of any precious metals or secondhand goods from the public, be required to do as follows:
Record on a numbered receipt the name, address and telephone number of the purchaser; the name, address and telephone number of the seller or sellers; the time and date of the transaction; the net weight in terms of pounds troy, pennyweight (troy) or kilograms/grams of the precious metals; fineness in terms of karats for gold, and sterling or coin for silver, in accordance with N.J.S.A. 51:5-1 et seq. and N.J.S.A. 51:6-1 et seq. This information is to be documented through use of an electronic database software system as designated by the Chief of Police. These records shall be subject to the inspection of any authorized police officer of the Township of Washington.
Through the use of applicably required computer equipment, and using the electronic format approved by the Chief of Police, enter all transactions into the electronic database within 48 hours from the date of purchase. The information entered will contain the information in § 180-4A above, plus the following:
A physical description of the seller;
The receipt number;
A full description of the item or items purchased, including but not limited to marks, numbers, dates, sizes, shapes, initials, monograms and serial numbers.
The price paid for the item;
The form must be signed by the seller;
The form must be legibly initialed by the clerk or the dealer who made the transaction so as to readily identify that individual;
A color photograph or color image of the seller's presented identification;
A color photograph or color image of all items sold. When photographing or imaging, all items must be positioned in a manner that makes them readily and easily identifiable.
The precious metals are to be made available for inspection by the Chief of Police of the Township of Washington for a period of five days from the date the information required above is received by the Chief of Police on the approved form. The precious metals shall remain in the same condition as when purchased and shall not be changed, modified, melted or disposed of by the purchaser until the five-day period has expired. If the property is such that it would create a hardship on the dealer by holding the precious metals for such period, the dealer may present the property to the Chief of Police in order that it may be photographed and, if deemed necessary by the Chief of Police, an investigation be implemented. The Chief of Police has the authority to grant the dealer a waiver of the requirement under this section.
In the event of a database failure, or dealer's computer equipment malfunction, all transaction information is required to be submitted on paper forms approved by the Chief of Police. In the event that paper forms are used, the dealer is responsible to enter all transaction information into the database as soon as possible upon the dealer's equipment being repaired or replaced or the database coming back into service. Failure by the dealer to properly maintain computer equipment in a reasonable fashion, or failure by the dealer to replace faulty computer equipment, may result in the dealer being cited for a violation of this chapter and subsequently being subject to the penalties for doing so.
It shall be the requisite duty of every dealer, and of every person in the dealer's employ, to admit to the premises during business hours any member of the Detective Unit of the Washington Township Police Department to examine any database, book, ledger, or any other record on the premises relating to the purchase of precious metals from the public, as well as the articles purchased or received, and to take possession of any article known by the police officer or official to be missing or to have been stolen, or where the officer or official has probable cause to believe the article is missing or stolen.
This chapter shall not apply to purchases made by jewelers or other dealers from wholesalers or other suppliers but shall only apply to those purchases made from the public or other retail purchases. The dealer shall keep records of all wholesale purchases for a period of six months from the date of such purchase, which records shall be open to investigation by the Washington Township Police Department.
No dealer within the Township of Washington shall purchase any precious metals from any person under the age of 18 years.
Violation of any provision of this chapter shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a minimum fine of $100 or a maximum of $2,000 or by imprisonment for a term not exceeding 90 days or by a period of community service not exceeding 90 days. Each and every violation shall be considered a separate violation. Every day that a violation continues shall be a separate violation. Each violation shall result in an additional ten-day suspension. Any person who is convicted of violating the provisions of this chapter within one year of the date of a previous violation and who was fined for the previous violation may be sentenced by the court to an additional fine as a repeat offender. The additional fine imposed as a repeat offender shall not be less than the minimum or exceed the maximum fine provided herein, and same shall be calculated separately from the fine imposed for the violation of this chapter.