Town of Owasco, NY
Cayuga County
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[Adopted 5-9-2013 by L.L. No. 5-2013]
This article shall be known as the "Cold War Veterans Property Tax Exemption Act."
A. 
The New York State Legislature amended the New York State Real Property Tax Law to authorize the Town of Owasco and other jurisdictions to enact a real property tax exemption for Cold War Veterans under Real Property Tax Law § 458-b.
B. 
The state legislation was intended to provide Cold War veterans with a real property tax exemption similar to tax exemptions given to other wartime veterans.
C. 
The Town of Owasco desires to extend similar tax exemptions to Cold War veterans by this article.
D. 
Cold War veterans served in the United States armed forces during the time period from September 2, 1945, to December 20, 1991.
As used in this article, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
ACTIVE DUTY
Full-time duty in the United States armed forces, other than active duty for training.
ARMED FORCES
The United States Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force and Coast Guard.
COLD WAR VETERAN
A person, male or female, who served on active duty, other than active duty for training, for a period of more than 365 days in the United States armed forces during the time period from September 2, 1945, to December 26, 1991, and was discharged or released therefrom under honorable conditions.
LATEST STATE EQUALIZATION RATE
The latest final equalization rate established by the State Board of Real Property Services pursuant to Article 12 of the New York State Real Property Tax Law.
QUALIFIED OWNER
A Cold War veteran, the spouse of a Cold War veteran, or the unremarried surviving spouse of a deceased Cold War veteran. Where property is owned by more than one qualified owner, the exemption to which each is entitled may be combined. Where a veteran is also an unremarried surviving spouse of a veteran, such person may also receive any exemption to which the deceased spouse was entitled.
QUALIFIED RESIDENTIAL REAL PROPERTY
Property owned by a qualified owner which is used exclusively for residential purposes; provided, however, that in the event that any portion of such property is not used exclusively for residential purposes, but is used for other purposes, such portion shall be subject to taxation, and only the remaining portion used exclusively for residential purposes shall be subject to the exemption provided by this article. Such property shall be the primary residence of the Cold War veteran or the unremarried surviving spouse of a Cold War veteran, unless the Cold War veteran or unremarried surviving spouse is absent from the property due to medical reasons or institutionalization.
SERVICE-CONNECTED
With respect to disability or death, that such disability was incurred or aggravated, or that the death resulted from a disability incurred or aggravated, in the line of duty on active military, naval or air service.
As authorized by Real Property Tax Law § 458-b, the Town of Owasco is hereby opting into the Cold War veterans' partial real property tax exemption to the extent of 15% of the first $80,000 of assessed value on qualified residential real property.
A. 
Qualified residential real property shall be exempt from taxation to the extent of 15% of the assessed value of such property; provided, however, that such exemption shall not exceed $12,000 or the product of $12,000 multiplied by the latest state equalization rate of the assessing unit, or in the case of a special assessing unit, the latest class ratio, whichever is less; and
B. 
In addition to the exemption provided in this article, where the Cold War veteran received a compensation rating from the United States Veterans Affairs Office or from the United States Department of Defense because of a service-connected disability, qualifying residential real property shall be exempt from taxation to the extent of the product of the assessed value of such property multiplied by 50% of the Cold War veteran disability rating; provided, however, that such exemption shall not exceed $40,000, or the product of $40,000 multiplied by the latest state equalization rate for the assessing unit, or in the case of a special assessing unit, the latest class ratio, whichever is less.
A. 
The exemption from taxation provided by this article shall be applicable to Town of Owasco real property taxes but shall not be applicable to special district taxes of the Town of Owasco.
B. 
If a Cold War veteran receives an exemption under § 458 or § 458-b of the New York State Real Property Tax Law, the Cold War veteran shall not be eligible to receive the exemption provided by this article.
C. 
The exemption provided by § 130-15 of this article shall be granted for a period of 10 years. The commencement of such ten-year period shall be governed pursuant to this subsection. Where a qualified owner owns qualifying residential real property on the effective date of this article, such ten-year period shall be measured from the assessment roll prepared pursuant to the first taxable status date occurring on or after the effective date of this article. Where a qualified owner does not own qualifying residential real property on the effective date of this article, such ten-year period shall be measured from the assessment roll prepared pursuant to the first taxable status date occurring at least 60 days after the date of purchase of qualifying residential real property; provided, however, that should the veteran apply for and be granted an exemption on the assessment roll prepared pursuant to a taxable status date occurring within 60 days after the date of purchase of a residential property, such ten-year period shall be measured from the first assessment roll in which the exemption occurs. If, before the expiration of such ten-year period, such exempt property is sold and replaced with other residential real property, such exemption may be granted pursuant to this subsection for the unexpired portion of the ten-year exemption period.
D. 
Application for exemption shall be made by the owner, or all of the owners, of the property on a form prescribed by the state, subject to the terms and conditions set forth in Real Property Tax Law § 458-b.
E. 
This article may be repealed by the Town of Owasco. Any such repeal shall occur at least 90 days prior to the taxable status date of the Town of Owasco.