[Ord. No. 7249 §1, 2-13-2006]
For the purposes of this Chapter, certain rules of construction apply to the text as follows:
Words used in the present tense include the future tense; and the singular includes the plural, unless the context clearly indicates the contrary.
The terms "shall" and "must" are always mandatory and not discretionary; the words "may" or "should" are permissive.
Words or terms not interpreted or defined by this Article shall be used with a meaning of common or standard utilization.
The word "person" includes a firm, organization, association, partnership, trust, company or corporation, as well as an individual.
The words "use" or "occupy" shall include the words "intended", "designed" or "arranged" to be "used" or "occupied".
[Ord. No. 7249 §1, 2-13-2006; Ord. No. 7460 §1, 10-23-2007; Ord. No. 7488 §1, 2-28-2008; Ord. No. 7551 §1, 10-15-2008; Ord. No. 7797 §1, 6-16-2011; Ord. No. 7846 §§1 — 2, 12-5-2011]
For the purpose of this Chapter, the following terms, phrases, words and their derivations shall have the meaning given herein.
- ACCESSORY USES AND BUILDINGS
- Buildings and structures which are clearly incidental to and customarily and commonly associated with the main permitted use of the premises. Such accessory buildings and uses shall not be so constructed, maintained and conducted as to produce noise, vibration, concussion, dust, dirt, fly ash, odor, noxious gases, heat or glare which is injurious, damaging or unhealthful to adjacent property or the uses thereof and shall be on the premises of the main use. Each accessory building requires a building permit.
- ADULT DAY CARE
- A group program designed to provide care and supervision
to meet the needs of functional impaired adults for periods of less
than twenty-four (24) hours but more than two (2) hours per day in
a place other than the adult's own home but such facilities shall
not be allowed in a "Shopping Center."[Ord. No. 8399, 3-28-2018; Ord. No. 8518, 6-24-2019]
- ADULT DAY HEALTH CARE
- A program of organized therapeutic, rehabilitative and social activities provided outside the home for a period of less than twenty-four (24) hours to persons with functional impairments of at least an intermediate care facility (ICF) level of care. For the purpose of this definition "adult", means a person eighteen (18) years of age or older.
- ADULT ENTERTAINMENT
- Any business or establishment which offers its patrons services or entertainment such as books, videos, periodicals and the like characterized by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to sexual activities or specified anatomical areas.
- Any public space or thoroughfare twenty (20) feet or less in width but not less than ten (10) feet in width which has been dedicated or deeded to the public for public travel and which affords secondary access to abutting property.
- Any change or modification to the exterior of a building, site, structure or object that requires a Building Permit or any change or modification to an exterior architectural feature as identified by the Landmark and Historic District Commission ("LHDC") at the time of the nomination and designation by the City Council. Alteration does not include repair nor does it include landscape maintenance.
- As applied to a building or structure, a change or rearrangement in the structural parts or in the exit facilities or an enlargement, whether by extending on a side or by increasing in height, or the moving from one location or position to another.
- ANATOMICAL AREAS, SPECIFIED
- Less than completely or opaquely covered:
- Any device that transmits and/or receives electromagnetic signals for voice, data or video communications purposes including, but not limited to, television, AM/FM radio, microwave, cellular telephone and similar forms of communications. The term shall exclude satellite earth station antennae less than six (6) feet in diameter, any receive-only home television antennae, ground-mounted antennas and antennas constructed primarily of wire and used for non-commercial purposes.
- ANTENNA EQUIPMENT CABINET
- A structure for the protection and security of communications equipment associated with one (1) or more antennae where direct access to equipment is provided from the exterior and that has horizontal dimensions that do not exceed four (4) feet by six (6) feet and vertical height that does not exceed six (6) feet.
- ANTENNA EQUIPMENT SHELTER
- A building for the protection and security of communications equipment associated with one (1) or more antennae and where access to equipment is gained from the interior of the building. Human occupancy for office or other uses or the storage of other materials and equipment not in direct support of the connected antenna is prohibited.
- ANTENNA SUPPORT STRUCTURE
- A tower or disguised support structure but excluding those support structures under eighty (80) feet in height owned and operated by an amateur radio operator licensed by the FCC.
- AREA, BUILDING
- The aggregate of the maximum horizontal cross section area of the main building on a lot, excluding cornices, eaves, gutters or chimneys projecting not more than two (2) feet, steps, one-story open porches, balconies and terraces measuring from outer side of wall.
- AUTO SERVICE GARAGE
- A place where repairs, rental, washing, servicing, greasing, adjusting or equipping of automobiles or other motor vehicles may be performed but not including painting, body work and major repairs.
- An institution that trades in money; an establishment for the deposit, custody and issuance of money and also for making loans and discounts and facilitating the transmission of remittances from one place to another. Credit unions and savings and loans shall also be classified as a bank, but "check cashing establishments", "short-term loan establishments" and "pawnshops" are not classified as a bank.
- A story partly underground and having more than one-half (½) of its height below the ground. A basement shall be counted as a story if subdivided and used for dwelling or business purposes. Rathskeller or playrooms are not dwelling purposes.
- BED AND BREAKFAST
- A use within an occupied single-family dwelling wherein rooms are rented and meals are served to overnight guests for commercial purposes, as distinguished from a hotel or motel.
- A microbrewery that brews beer for both on and off-premise
sale and consumption with an annual production of ten thousand (10,000)
barrels or less.[Ord. No. 8220 §1, 4-26-2016]
- A structure having a roof supported by columns or walls and when separated by a division wall without openings, each portion of such building shall be deemed a separate building except as provided in this Chapter.
- BUILDING, HEIGHT OF
- The vertical distance measured from the curb level to the highest point of the roof surface, if a flat roof; to the deck line of mansard roofs; and to the mean height level between eaves and ridges for gable, hip and gambrel roofs. For buildings set back from the street line, the height of the building may be measured from the average elevation of the finished grade along the front of the building.
- BUILDING LINE
- A line parallel to and equidistant from the street between which line and street no building or structure may be erected.
- BUSINESS, PROFESSIONAL OFFICE OR ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE
- Any building or part of a building in which one (1) or more persons are employed in the management, direction or conducting of an agency, business or brokerage, labor or fraternal organization and shall exclude such uses as retail sale, manufacture, assembly or storage of goods, places of assembly and amusement, tattooing establishment, check-cashing establishment or consumer installment loan establishment.
- A measurement of the tree trunk diameter measured at two and one-half (2½) feet above grade level.
- CERTIFICATE OF APPROPRIATENESS
- A certificate issued by the Landmark and Historic District Commission ("LHDC") indicating its approval of plans for alteration, off-site relocation or demolition of a landmark or of a Historic District contributing resource.
- CERTIFICATE OF ECONOMIC HARDSHIP
- A certificate issued by the Landmark and Historic District Commission ("LHDC") authorizing demolition, even though a certificate of appropriateness has previously been denied.
- CHECK-CASHING ESTABLISHMENT
- A business engaged in check-cashing operations for a fee as a primary or substantial element of its business and which is not licensed by the appropriate State or Federal agency as a banking or savings and loan facility.
- CHILD DAY CARE CENTER
- A facility, other than the provider's permanent residence or separate from the provider's living quarters, where any person advertises or holds themselves out as providing care for more than four (4) children for any part of the twenty-four (24) hour day, for compensation or otherwise, except those operated by a school system or in connection with a business establishment as a convenience for its customers or for its employees. But such facilities shall not be allowed in a "shopping center".
- CHILD DAY CARE HOME
- A family home, occupied as a permanent residence by the day care provider, in which family-like care is given for more than four (4) children but no more than ten (10) children, not related to the day care provider, for any part of the twenty-four (24) hour day.
- CIGAR BAR
- A business with a permit to sell alcoholic beverages that
generates twenty-five percent (25%) or more of its quarterly gross
revenue from the sale of cigars and/or rental of humidor space, has
a humidor on the premises and does not allow minors to enter the premises.[Ord. No. 8402, 3-28-2018]
- A building or portion thereof on premises owned or operated by a corporation, association, person or persons for a social, educational or recreational purpose, but not primarily for profit or to render a service which is customarily carried on as a business.
- Planning and Zoning Commission of the City of Florissant, Missouri.
- The Commissioner shall mean the Building Commissioner of the City of Florissant, Missouri or designated representative.
- The act of adding an addition to an existing structure or the erection of a new principal or accessory structure on a lot or property.
- CONSUMER LOAN COMPANY
- A company that is primarily or substantially in the business
of making loans secured or unsecured and are authorized under Chapter
367, RSMo., sometimes also referred to as "traditional installment
loan lenders," as authorized under Chapter 408, RSMo. A consumer loan
company shall not include companies sometimes referred to as "pay
day loan companies" or "title loan companies."[Ord. No. 8480, 12-10-2018]
- CONTINUING CARE RETIREMENT FACILITY
- A building or complex of buildings that provides elderly housing, catered living and/or assisted living dwelling units, skilled and intermediate care nursing units and accessory services for residents of the facility; and programs, outpatient care and rehabilitation services provided by the facility to the general public.
- CONVENIENCE STORE
- A retail establishment having a gross floor area of five thousand (5,000) square feet or less, primarily selling foods as well as other household goods customarily sold in larger food markets and supermarkets.
- COSMETIC MICROPIGMENTATION
- A method of adding, replacing or augmenting cosmetic features by the placement of subcutaneous pigmentation by a licensed doctor or nurse.
- An open space which may or may not have direct street access and around which is arranged a single building or a group of related buildings.
- CURB LEVEL
- The level of the established curb in front of the building measured at the center of such front. Where no curb has been established, the Director of Public Works shall establish such curb level or its equivalent for the purpose of this Chapter.
- Any act or process which destroys, in part or in whole, a landmark or a Historic District contributing resource or threatens to destroy a landmark or a Historic District contributing resource by failure to maintain it in a condition of good repair and maintenance.
- DESIGN GUIDELINE
- A standard of appropriate activity that will preserve the historic, architectural, scenic or aesthetic character of landmarks, Historic District contributing resources and Historic Districts.
- The Director of Public Works or his/her designee.
- DISGUISED SUPPORT STRUCTURE
- Any freestanding manmade structure designed for the support of communications antennas, the presence of which is camouflaged or concealed from ordinary view as an appropriately placed architectural or natural feature. Such structures may include, but are not limited to, clock towers, campaniles, bell towers, church steeples, observation towers, signs, light standards and artificial trees of designs and types as approved by the Building Commissioner.
- Any section of the City of Florissant within which the zoning regulations are uniform.
- DUPLEX DWELLING
- A detached or semi-detached building designed for or occupied exclusively by two (2) families living independently of each other.
- Any building, or portion thereof, which is designed or used exclusively for dwelling purposes.
- DWELLING, ONE-FAMILY
- A detached building designed for or occupied exclusively by one (1) family.
- DWELLING, MULTIPLE
- A building or portion thereof used or designed as a residence for three (3) or more families living independently of each other and doing their own cooking in said building, including apartments, apartment hotels and group houses.
- DWELLING UNIT
- One (1) or more rooms physically arranged so as to create an independent housekeeping establishment for occupancy by one (1) family with at least one (1) separate bathroom and facilities for cooking and sleeping.
- EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CENTER
- A facility who holds themselves out as providing educational
services, pre- or after-school programs, summer educational camps,
and having obtained a written determination from the State Division
of Health and Senior Services that it is not a child day care center,
or having obtained partial funding from the State Department of Education
and Secondary Education to provide such services. But such facilities
shall not be allowed in a shopping center.[Ord. No. 8264 §1, 10-10-2016]
- To build, construct, attach, hang, place, suspend or affix.
- ESTATE SALE
- The sale of goods or products that are part of an estate and such sale shall take place on the premises subject to the estate.
- EXTERIOR ARCHITECTURAL APPEARANCE
- The architectural character and general composition of the exterior of a structure including, but not limited to, the kind, color and texture of the building material and the type, design and character of all windows, doors, light fixtures, signs and appurtenant elements.
- The Federal Aviation Administration.
- 1. An individual living as a single non-profit, housekeeping unit in a dwelling unit; or
- 2. Two (2) individuals or married couple and the children thereof, including adopted children, foster children and grandchildren, and no more than two (2) other persons related to the individuals or married couple by blood or marriage and no more than two (2) other individuals; or
- 3. A group of not more than four (4) persons not related by blood or marriage and not living as a group home but living together as a single housekeeping unit in a dwelling unit as distinguished from a boarding house; or
- 4. A group of nine (9) or fewer unrelated mentally or physically handicapped persons (group home), excluding supervisory persons acting as house parents or guardians, who need not be related to each other or to any of the mentally or physically handicapped individuals residing in a dwelling unit as distinguished from a boarding house.
- The Federal Communications Commission.
- A structure, partition or wall erected for the purpose of enclosing a piece of land or to separate two (2) contiguous pieces of land. Shrubs, hedges, trees or an ornamental divider consisting of posts no higher than thirty (30) inches from the ground level, spaced no closer than four (4) feet from each other and connected by not more than two (2) strands or rails, having a minimum nominal dimension of three-quarters (¾) inch, located along a private walkway or driveway and not used to enclose an area shall not be considered a fence.
- FILLING STATION
- Any building, structure or land used for the dispensing, sale or offering for sale at retail of any automobile fuels, oils, including accessories, lubrication of automobiles and replacement or installation of minor parts and accessories, but not including major repair work such as motor replacement, body and fender repair or spray painting.
- FLOOR AREA
- The square feet of floor space within the outside line of walls and includes the total of all space on all floors of a building. It does not include porches, garages or space in a basement or cellar when said basement or cellar space is used for storage or incidental uses.
- FLORISSANT HISTORIC REGISTER
- The list of officially designated Landmarks, Historic District Contributing Resources and Historic Districts within the City of Florissant.
- That portion of a lot, parcel or tract of land adjacent to or abutting a street.
- FRONTAGE, REVERSED
- A corner lot with a rear lot line adjacent to the side lot line of the abutting lot.
- GARAGE, PRIVATE
- A building or part thereof accessory to a main building and providing for the storage of automobiles and in which no occupation or business for profit is carried on.
- GARAGE, PUBLIC
- A building, other than a private or storage garage, used for the care, repair or equipment of self-propelled vehicles or where such vehicles are kept for remuneration or hire.
- GARAGE, PUBLIC STORAGE
- A building or part thereof, other than a private garage, for the storage of motor vehicles and in which service activities may be carried on only by special permit for filling station.
- GROUP HOME
- Any dwelling in which nine (9) or fewer unrelated mentally or physically handicapped persons reside, excluding supervisory persons acting as house parents or guardians, who need not be related to each other or to any of the mentally or physically handicapped persons residing in the dwelling unit.
- HEIGHT, TOWER
- The vertical distance measured from the base of the structure to its highest point and including the main structure and all attachments thereto.
- HISTORIC DISTRICT
- An area designated as a "Historic District" by ordinance of the City Council which may include individual Landmarks, as well as other properties or structures, referred to as Historic District Contributing Resources which, while not of such historic and/or architectural significance to be designated as Landmarks, nevertheless contribute to the overall visual characteristics and historical significance of the Historic District.
- HISTORIC DISTRICT CONTRIBUTING RESOURCE
- A building, site, structure or object within the boundaries of a Historic District that adds to the historic, architectural, cultural or archeological values for which the district is considered significant but does not qualify as a Landmark.
- HISTORIC SIGNIFICANCE
- Character, interest or value as part of the development, heritage or culture of the community, County, State or country; as the location of an important local, County, State or national event; or through identification with a person or persons who made an important contribution to the development of the community, County, State or country.
- HOME OCCUPATION
- An occupation or activity carried on by no more than two (2) members of a family residing on the premises, including home work activities carried on under the supervision of the State vocational rehabilitation agency or pursuant to license issued by the State Department of Labor, but excluding beauty shops, barbershops, music schools, convalescent or nursing homes, tourist homes, massage or other establishment offering services to the general public and providing that there are no signs or any display that will indicate from the exterior of the building that it is being utilized for any purpose other than that of a dwelling, providing further, that there is no stock-in-trade or commodity sold upon the premises, no person is employed other than a member of the family residing on the premises, except as to the said home work activities hereinabove authorized, no mechanical equipment is used in the conduct of the activity or is stored on the premises except such as is customary for purely domestic or household purposes and, provided further, that not over twenty percent (20%) of the total actual floor area of the improvements, exclusive of the basement, is used for the conduct of such home occupation and except for the storage of equipment for home operated lawn care businesses provided that there is no more than one (1) properly licensed trailer stored on the property, which shall be kept clean and that all equipment pertaining to the lawn care business must be stored in the trailer that shall not be larger than six (6) feet by sixteen (16) feet and the equipment stored on the trailer shall not exceed six (6) feet in height and the trailer shall be parked in an enclosed area or shall be covered and parked behind the front of the property line on an improved surface of asphalt or concrete.
- A building in which lodging is provided and offered to the public for compensation and in which ingress and egress to and from rooms is made through an inside lobby or office supervised by a person in charge at all hours and which is open to transient guests, as distinguished from a motel or bed and breakfast.
- INSTALLMENT LOAN LENDERS
- A company that is licensed under Sections 367.100 to 367.200,
RSMo., or Section 408.510, RSMo., whose direct consumer loans are
limited only to traditional installment loans as defined in Section
408.512, RSMo. An installment loan lender is also referred to as a
"consumer loan company" but shall not include companies referred to
as "pay day loan companies" or "title loan companies."[Ord. No. 8480, 12-10-2018]
- A building occupied by a non-profit corporation or a non-profit establishment for public use.
- JUNK YARD
- The use of an open space for the wrecking, dismantling or storage of worn-out or wrecked automobiles or machinery or other worn-out, cast-off, discarded or scrap material which is ready for destruction or has been collected or stored for salvage purposes or conversion to some use.
- Any property, site or structure designated as a "landmark" by ordinance of the City Council pursuant to the procedures described herein.
- The Landmark and Historic District Commission.
- LOADING SPACE
- An off-street space or berth on the same lot with a building, or contiguous to a group of buildings, for the temporary parking of a commercial vehicle while loading or unloading merchandise or materials and which abuts upon a street, alley or other appropriate means of access and having a minimum dimension of twelve (12) feet by thirty-five (35) feet and a vertical clearance of at least fourteen (14) feet.
- A parcel of land occupied or capable of being occupied by one (1) building and the accessory buildings or uses customarily incident to it, including such open spaces as are required by this Chapter and having its principal frontage upon a street or court.
- LOT, CORNER
- A lot at the point of intersection of and abutting on two (2) or more intersecting streets, the angle of intersection being not more than one hundred thirty-five degrees (135°).
- LOT, DEPTH OF
- The minimum horizontal distance between the front and rear lot lines.
- LOT, DOUBLE FRONTAGE
- A lot having a frontage on two (2) non-intersecting streets, as distinguished from a corner lot.
- LOT, INTERIOR
- A lot other than a corner lot.
- LOT OF RECORD
- A lot which is a part of a subdivision, the map of which has been recorded in the office of the County Recorder of Deeds of St. Louis County, or a lot described by metes and bounds, the description of which has been recorded in the office of the County Recorder of Deeds of St. Louis County.
- MAJOR STREET
- A street of substantial continuity which serves or is intended to serve fast or large volumes of traffic and is indicated as a major street in the City Comprehensive Plan.
- MARIJUANA or MARIHUANA
- Cannabis indica, Cannabis sativa, and Cannabis ruderalis,
hybrids of such species, and any other strains commonly understood
within the scientific community to constitute marijuana, as well as
resin extracted from the plant and marijuana-infused products. "Marijuana"
or "Marihuana" do not include industrial hemp containing a crop-wide
average tetrahydrocannabinol concentration that does not exceed three-tenths
of one percent (3/10 of 1%) on a dry weight basis, or commodities
or products manufactured from industrial hemp.[Ord. No. 8519, 6-24-2019]
- MARIJUANA-INFUSED PRODUCTS
- Products that are infused with marijuana or an extract thereof
and are intended for use or consumption other than by smoking, including,
but not limited to, edible products, ointments, tinctures and concentrates.[Ord. No. 8519, 6-24-2019]
- Exposed face brick or natural building stone which is used as a facing component which is applied over exterior wall back-up construction. Exposed masonry construction shall not include hollow masonry units, concrete masonry units, glass blocks, plastic and/or composite blocks, metal panels, plastic panels, plaster exterior insulation-finish system, precast concrete panels or any composition and all cast-in-place concrete walls, tilt-up concrete panels.
- MASSAGE PARLOR
- Any establishment operating in conformity with the Florissant Code in which, for any form of payment or consideration, a massage, alcohol rub, electric or magnetic treatment or similar treatment or manipulation of the human body is administered except when such treatment or manipulation is administered by a medical practitioner, chiropractor, acupuncturist, physical therapist or similar person licensed by the State or as a service provided by a medical facility, athletic club, health club, reducing salon or similar establishment where massage or a similar manipulation of the human body is offered as an incidental or accessory service.
- MEDICAL MARIJUANA CULTIVATION FACILITY
- A facility licensed by the State of Missouri to acquire,
cultivate, process, store, transport, and sell marijuana to a Medical
Marijuana Dispensary Facility, Medical Marijuana Testing Facility,
or to a Medical-Infused Products Manufacturing Facility.[Ord. No. 8519, 6-24-2019]
- MEDICAL MARIJUANA DISPENSARY FACILITY
- A facility licensed by the State of Missouri to acquire,
store, sell, transport, and deliver marijuana, marijuana-infused products
and drug paraphernalia used to administer marijuana in accordance
with applicable law and regulations.[Ord. No. 8519, 6-24-2019]
- MEDICAL MARIJUANA-INFUSED PRODUCTS MANUFACTURING FACILITY
- A facility licensed by the State of Missouri, to acquire,
store, manufacture, transport, and sell marijuana-infused products
to a Medical Marijuana Dispensary Facility, a Medical Marijuana Test
Facility, or to another Medical Marijuana-Infused Projects Manufacturing
Facility.[Ord. No. 8519, 6-24-2019]
- MEDICAL MARIJUANA TESTING FACILITY
- A facility certified by the State of Missouri, to acquire,
test, certify, and transport marijuana.[Ord. No. 8519, 6-24-2019]
- MINIMUM MAINTENANCE
- The minimum regulations governing the conditions and maintenance of all existing structures, as set out in the prevailing Building Code or Property Maintenance Code and related codes and standards as adopted by reference, with certain amendments thereto by the City Council of the City of Florissant, Missouri, as such Existing Structures Code shall be amended from time to time by the City of Florissant.
- A building or buildings in which lodging is provided and offered to the public for compensation and in which ingress and egress to and from rooms is not made through an inside lobby or office and which is open to transient guests, as distinguished from a hotel or bed and breakfast.
- MOVING SALE
- The sale of goods or products owned by an individual upon property which said person owns and is in the process of moving from said property.
- NON-CONFORMING USES
- Any building or land lawfully occupied by a use at the time of passage of this Chapter or amendment thereto which does not conform after the passage of this Chapter or amendments thereto with the use regulations of the district in which it is situated.
- OFF-SITE RELOCATION
- Any relocation of a structure, object or artifact, in whole or in part, from its current site or to another site.
- OLD TOWN
- An area generally bounded by Castello, St. Marie, St. Michael Streets including both sides of the street and Coldwater Creek.
- OLD TOWN DEVELOPMENT PLAN AND GUIDELINES
- A set of guidelines as adopted herewith and as may be hereafter amended, which guidelines are applicable to and are designated as the standards regulating the exterior design of buildings within those portions of Old Town that are within "H" Historic Districts. Such guidelines are generally based upon a document entitled "Old Town Development Plan" dated August 18, 1970, and subsequent amendments thereto. The guidelines set forth in the Old Town Development Plan and Guidelines as adopted herewith and as may be hereafter amended shall be considered as recommended actions and practices under and in accordance with the Secretary of the Interior's standards, which shall be considered the governing document for the Old Town Development Plan and Guidelines.
- ORDINARY MAINTENANCE
- Any work for which a Building Permit is not required by municipal ordinance, where the purpose and effect of such work is to correct any deterioration or decay of or damage to a structure or any part thereof and to restore the same, as nearly as may be practical, to its condition prior to the occurrence of such deterioration, decay or damage and does not involve change of materials nor form.
- OWNER OF RECORD
- The person(s), corporation or other legal entity listed as the owner of record in the County Recorder of Deeds office.
- PARKING LOT
- Any place, lot, parcel or yard used in whole or in part for storing or parking of six (6) or more motor vehicles where a storage or parking fee is charged therefore or where the lot is operated in connection with or for the use of the customers of a retail store, theater or any commercial or industrial use.
- PARKING SPACE
- A durable, dustproof, surfaced area, enclosed in the main building, in an accessory building or unenclosed, sufficient in size to store one (1) standing automobile and if the space is unenclosed, a durable, dustproof surface area comprising an area of not less than one hundred eighty (180) square feet, excluding the necessary driveway and space between automobiles on the parking lot.
- PENNY ARCADE ESTABLISHMENT OR AMUSEMENT CENTER
- Any establishment which provides five (5) or more automatic coin-operated amusement machines for use or operation by the public.
- PROTECTIVE INTEREST
- Any right or interest in or title to a property or any part thereof including, but not limited to, fee title, scenic or other easement, or the right of making exterior changes to or additional development of the property.
- PUBLIC IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
- An action by the City of Florissant or any of its departments or agencies involving major modification or replacement of streets, sidewalks, curbs, street lights, street or sidewalk furniture, landscaping, parking or other portions of the public infrastructure servicing commercial, residential, recreational or industrial development; or any undertakings effecting City parks or City-owned structures.
- Any change that is not construction, alteration, demolition or off-site relocation and is necessary or useful for continuing normal maintenance and upkeep.
- RESTAURANT, DRIVE-THROUGH
- A building where food and beverages are offered for sale to the public for consumption at tables or counters either inside or outside the building on the lot and take-out service of food and beverages for off-site consumption is provided.
- RESTAURANT, SIT-DOWN
- A building where food and beverages are offered for sale to the public for consumption at tables or counters either inside or outside the building on the lot.
- ROOMING HOUSE
- Any dwelling in which one (1) or more persons, not members of principal occupant's family, are housed or lodged for hire, without meals.
- SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR'S STANDARDS
- The Secretary of the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties are sets of treatment standards intended to assist users in making sound historic preservation decisions for the preservation, rehabilitation, restoration or reconstruction of historic properties. The Standards are codified as 36 CFR Part 68 in the July 12, 1995, Federal Register (Vol. 60, No. 133) and as may hereafter be amended.
- SHOPPING CENTER
- Two (2) or more businesses located under a common roof and conducted by different owners or managers.
- SHORT-TERM LOAN ESTABLISHMENT
- A business, other than a pawn broker operating in conformity
with the Florissant Code, engaged in providing short-term loans to
the public as a primary or substantial element of its business and
which is not licensed by the appropriate State or Federal agency as
a bank or savings and loan facility, a consumer loan company or a
traditional installment loan lender. These businesses are sometimes
referred to as "pay day loan companies," "title loan companies" or
other similar names.[Ord. No. 8480, 12-10-2018]
- Any sign, billboard, commercial sign or illuminated sign or any other lettering or device, the intent of which is to display, illustrate or advertise the interest of any person, when the same is placed out-of-doors in view of the general public.
- The traditional, documented or legendary location of an event, occurrence, action or structure significant in the life or lives of a person, persons, groups or tribe or any place with evidence of past human activity. Sites include, but are not limited to, cemeteries, burial grounds, occupation and work areas, evidence of farming or hunting and gathering, battlefields, settlements, estates, gardens, groves, river crossings, routes and trails, caves, quarries, mines or significant trees or other plant life.
- STOP WORK ORDER
- An order directing an owner, occupant, contractor or subcontractor to halt an action due to a Building Code or Zoning Code violation or for which a Certificate of Appropriateness is required and notifying the owner, occupant, contractor or subcontractor of the application process for a Certificate of Appropriateness.
- Any structure or part of a structure not in excess of fifteen (15) feet, other than a cellar, included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the floor next above it or, if there be no floor above it, then the space between the floor and the ceiling next above it.
- STORY, HALF
- A space under a sloping roof which has the line of intersection of roof decking and wall face not more than three (3) feet above the top floor level and in which space not more than two-thirds (2/3) of the floor area is finished off for use.
- STREET, PRIVATE
- Any street, way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner.
- STREET, PUBLIC
- Any public street duly accepted for maintenance by the City of Florissant, St. Louis County and the Missouri Highway Commission, the Federal Government or a municipal government.
- Anything constructed or erected which requires location on the ground attached to something having location on the ground, including signs, billboards and satellite receiver dish defined as a device which focuses an electromagnetic wave and/or laser onto an attached receiver antenna.
- SUITABLY SCREENED AND FENCED
- A neat, orderly and healthy screen of evergreen plant material not less than three (3) feet in height with an expected normal growth of at least five (5) feet in height, protected by a galvanized wire link fence at least five (5) feet in height. A wooden or masonry fence or other landscaping may be substituted for the screening and wire-link fence when determined to be appropriate by the Building Commissioner.
- The systematic gathering of information on the architectural, historic, scenic and archaeological significance of buildings, sites, structures, areas or landscapes through visual assessment in the field and historical research for the purpose of identifying landmarks or districts worthy of preservation.
- Any method of placing designs, letters, scrolls, figures or symbols upon or under the skin with ink or colors by the aid of needles or instruments. The provision of cosmetic micropigmentation services by a licensed doctor or nurse shall not be considered "tattooing".
- TATTOOING ESTABLISHMENT
- Any place or facility where tattooing is performed.
- An establishment or place of business primarily engaged in the preparation and retail sale of alcoholic beverages for consumption with a City and State approved liquor license, including bars, cocktail lounges and other similar uses other than a restaurant, at which less than fifty percent (50%) of the total revenue is generated by food sales.
- TEMPORARY STRUCTURE
- Any air-supported, air-inflated, membrane-covered cable or membrane-covered frame structure.
- TOURIST COURT (AUTO COURT, MOTEL, MOTOR HOTEL OR MOTOR LODGE)
- A group of attached, semi-detached or detached buildings containing individual sleeping or living units, designed for or used temporarily by automobile tourists or transients, with garage attached or parking space conveniently located to each unit and offered to the public for daily rates, as well as other longer term rental rates and maintaining a register of guests or their vehicles.
- A structure designed for the support of one (1) or more antennae and including guyed towers, self-supporting (lattice) towers or monopoles but not disguised support structures or buildings. The term shall also not include any support structure under eighty (80) feet in height owned and operated by an amateur radio operator licensed by the Federal Communications Commission.
- Any structure used or capable of being used for living, sleeping, business or storage purposes, having no foundation other than wheels, blocks, skids, jacks, horses or skirting and which is, has been or reasonably may be equipped with wheels or other devices for transporting the structure from place to place whether by motive power or other means. The term "trailer" shall include camp car and house car. A permanent foundation shall not change its character if the structure can be removed therefrom practically intact.
- TRAILER CAMPS
- An area used for the parking of one (1) or more tents or trailers designed or intended to be used as temporary living facilities for one (1) or more families and intended primarily for automobile transients.
- The purpose for which land or a building is arranged, designed or intended or for which either land or a building is or may be occupied or maintained under provisions of this Chapter.
- USED CAR SALES AREA
- An open area, other than a street, alley or place, used for the display and sale of used automobiles and where no repair work is done except the necessary reconditioning of the cars to be displayed and sold on the premises.
- A required open space, other than a court, on a lot unoccupied and unobstructed from the ground upward, except as otherwise provided in this Chapter.
- YARD, FRONT
- An open unoccupied space on the same lot with a main building, extending the full width of the lot and situated between the street line and the frontmost point of the principal streetside face of the building projected to the side lines of the lot.
- YARD, REAR
- An open unoccupied space on the same lot with the building between the rear line of the building and the rear line of the lot and extending the full width of the lot.
- YARD, SIDE
- An open unoccupied space on the same lot with the building situated between the building and the side line of the lot and extending from the front yard to the rear yard. Any lot line not a rear line or a front line shall be deemed a side lot line.